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«МИР КОЧЕВНИКОВ ИЗ АРХЕОЛОГИЧЕСКИХ КОЛЛЕКЦИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОГО ЭРМИТАЖА КАТАЛОГ ВЫСТАВКИ Печатается по решению Редакционно-издательского совета Общая ...»

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Collected by I.A. Lopatin Uezd, Borovskaya Volost Seventh to fourth century B.C. Eighth to seventh century B.C. Bronze. 17.5 х 5.6 cm burial ground, grave 29 Bronze. Length 2.5 to 4.5 cm Casual nd Bronze. Length 18.9 cm Excavation by L.K. Galanina, 120 118. Dart 125. Sewn-on plaques 131. Sewn-on plaque representing 136. Mirror of Olbia type with Transkubania, Kelermess burial Pridneprovye, Zhurovka village, Excavation by R.B. Ismagilov, 1979 Gold. 11.7 х 7.3 cm ground, mound 24 mound 401 and 1980 Transbaikalia representing a goddess with a lotus ower a handle shaped as a ram’s head Fourth century B.C.

Excavation by L.K. Galanina, 1983 Excavation by A.A. Bobrinsky, 1903 Purchased in Fourth century (second half) B.C.

a mirror and a Scythian man Iron. Length 41.5 cm Fifth century B.C.

THE NOMAD WORLD FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTIONS OF THE STATE HERMITAGE MUSEUM THE NOMAD WORLD FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTIONS OF THE STATE HERMITAGE MUSEUM 142. Arrow heads (27 pieces) Gold. Height 2.0 cm with a horn (2 pieces) Pridneprovye, Chighirinsky Uyezd Bronze. Diameter 14.7 cm;

104. Bridle pierced decorations 111. Bridle decoration plaque 147. Belt plaque, left, representing Northern Coastlands of the Black Casual nd length 25.5 cm Fifth century (rst half) B.C.

Fourth century (third quarter) B.C.

Sea, Pridneprovye, Aleksandropolsky (2 pieces) in the shape of a panther a tiger ghting a camel Lower Volga region, Aksenovsky Bronze. Length 1.4 to 4.0 cm Gold. 3.5 х 3.8 cm mound 119. Finial in the form burial ground I near Dorofeyev Orenburg Region, group of mounds Seventh century (second half) B.C. Fifth century B.C. Fourth to third century B.C.

Northern Coastlands of the Black Excavation by А.Е. Liutsenko, 1855 hamlet, mound 10, grave 1 near village Gumarovo, mound 3, of a predator bird Bronze. Length 2.3 cm Bronze. Length 7.7 cm, width 4.6 cm Gold. 8.0 х 5.3 cm Sea, Pridneprovye, Chertomlyk Excavation by V.P. Shilov, 1966 grave Transkubania, Kelermess burial Pridneprovye, Zhurovka village, Siberia, from plunderous treasure mound Sixth century B.C. 132. Sewn-on plaque representing Excavation by R.B. Ismagilov, ground, mound 24 mound “Г” diggings done in the rst quarter Excavation by I.E. Zabelin, Bronze. Height 26.5 cm, a reclining deer and 137. Sword with a lozenge-shaped Excavation by L.K. Galanina, 1983 Purchased from A.A. Bobrinsky, 1903 of the eighteenth century width 18.5 cm nial and a gured crosspiece Fourth century (second half) B.C.

126. Vessel with pictures Transkubania, aul Ulsky, mound 143. Sword with a buttery-shaped 112. Psaliy bit rods terminating 105. Quiver fastening 148. Filigree plate representing Gold. 2.7 х 2.7 cm of Scythians Excavation by N.I. Veselovsky, 1909 Sixth to fth century B.C.

crosspiece Northern Coastlands of the Black in zoomorphic motifs (2 pieces) a monster Mid-seventh century B.C. Iron. Length 66.5 cm Fourth century B.C.

Sea, Pridneprovye, Aleksandropolsky Bronze, gold, amber. Length 8.6 cm, Lower Volga region, Aksenovsky Fifth century (rst half) B.C.

Seventh century B.C. Fourth to third century B.C.

Silver, gilt. Height 9.0 cm, mound HERODOTUS’ SCYTHIANS thickness 1.2 cm burial ground I near Dorofeyev Iron. Length 36.0 cm Bone. Length 16.5 cm;

14.0 cm Gold. 5.7 х 4.0 cm diameter 9.5 cm Excavation by А.Е. Liutsenko, Transkubania, Kelermess burial hamlet, mound 16, grave 1 Orenburg Region, group of mounds Pridneprovye, Aksiutintsy village, Siberia, from plunderous treasure Area of the Don, mound 3 from 120. Psaliy bit rod ground, mound 3 Excavation by V.P. Shilov, 1976 near village Gumarovo, mound 3, mound 470 diggings done in the rst quarter the Chastykh group 133. Sewn-on plaque in the shape Fourth century B.C.

Excavation by peasants, 1904 grave Excavation by N.E. Brandenburg, 1900 of the eighteenth century Excavation by the Scholarly Archive Bronze. Length 15.8 cm, of a rosette Excavation by R.B. Ismagilov, 1979 and Committee of Voronizh, height 9.2 cm URAL REGION 106. Throne handle detail 113. Armour fragment 149. Spiral-shaped bracelet Fourth century (second half) B.C.

Transkubania, stanitsa Gold. Diameter 2.2 cm 127. Finial in the shape of a deer terminating in animal gurines Mid-seventh century B.C. 138. Nagaika whip handle Fifth century B.C. Elizavetinskaya, mound of 1917 144. Small rectangular table Northern Coastlands of the Black Gold, amber. Length 17.2 cm, Iron. Width 18.0 cm Fourth century B.C. Fourth to third century B.C.

Excavation by N.I. Veselovsky, 1917 Fifth century B.C. on two legs Sea, Pridneprovye, Aleksandropolsky width of bar 4.2 cm Pridneprovye, stanitsa Kuleshovka, Bronze. Height 15.3 cm Gold. Diameter 10.3 cm Bone. 25.7 х 2.6 cm mound Transkubania, Kelermess burial mound 425 Fifth century (rst half) B.C.

Northern Coastlands of the Black Siberia, from plunderous treasure 121. Psaliy bit rod Orenburg Gubernia, Chernaya Gora Excavation by А.Е. Liutsenko, ground, mound 3 Excavation by N.E. Brandenburg, 1898 Stone. 20.8 х 14.5 х 7.3 cm Sea, Pridneprovye, Chmyreva diggings done in the rst quarter (Black Mountain) mound near Fourth century B.C.

Excavation by peasants, 1904 Orenburg Region, group of mounds Moghila mound of the eighteenth century Abramovka village Bronze. Length 8.5 cm, height 9.1 cm 134. Figure of a warrior near village Gumarovo, mound 3, 114. Spear Excavation by F.А. Braun, 1898 M.P. Gagarin’s second parcel/ Gift from A.P. Tolstoy Transkubania, stanitsa 107. Arrow heads (22 pieces) grave Fifth to fourth century B.C. shipment/posting, Fifth century B.C. Elizavetinskaya, mound of 1917 Excavation by R.B. Ismagilov, 1979 and Stone. 137.0 х 37.0 х 20.0 to 31.0 cm 128. Finial representing Fifth century BC 139. Ornamented mirror Iron. Length 41.2 cm Excavation by N.I. Veselovsky, 1917 Northern Coastlands of the Black 150. Button-shaped plate a winged goddess Bronze. Length 1.5 cm Pridneprovye, stanitsa Kuleshovka, with a handle Sea, Crimea, near Chaika (seagull) representing a horse Pridneprovye (lands adjoining mound 425 Fourth century B.C. (second half) 122. Plaque representing Fifth century (rst half) B.C. 145. Small round table on three legs digging site, the exact place of the the Dnieper), Zhurovka village, Excavation by N.E. Brandenburg, 1898 Bronze. 15.7 х 8.6 cm Fourth to third century B.C.

a cowered panther Bronze. Length 27.0 cm, nd unknown mound 396 Fifth century (rst half) B.C.

Northern Coastlands of the Black Gold. Diameter 3.6 cm, Height 2.6 cm diameter 15.7 cm Fifth century (rst half) B.C.

Excavation by A.A. Bobrinsky, 1903 Stone. Diameter 15.8 cm, Height 6. 115. Finials (2 pieces) Sea, Pridneprovye, Siberia, from plunderous treasure Orenburg Region, group of mounds Bronze. 10.3 х 10. 5 cm cm Aleksandropolsky mound diggings done in the rst quarter Seventh century B.C. near village Gumarovo, mound 3, IN BETWEEN ASIA Northern Coastlands of the Black 108. Black-laquer kylix Orenburg Region, group of mounds Casual nd, 1851 of the eighteenth century Iron. Length 33.0 cm;

35.0 cm grave EXHIBITION CATALOGUE EXHIBITION CATALOGUE Sea, Crimea, Kulakovsky mound AND EUROPE: near village Gumarovo, mound 3, M.P. Gagarin’s second shipment, Fifth century (rst half) B.C. Pridneprovye, village Velikiye Budki Excavation by R.B. Ismagilov, 1979 and Excavation by N.I. Veselovsky, 1895 grave THE NOMADS OF 129. Finial representing three birds Clay. Height 8.2 cm, (Volkovtsy) mound 477 Excavation by R.B. Ismagilov, 1979 and 151. Spiral-shaped bracelet diameter 12.0 cm Excavation by N.E. Brandenburg, THE LOWER VOLGA Fourth century (second half) B.C.

123. Sewn-on plaques representing Pridneprovye, Zhurovka village, terminating in ram heads 140. Small oval-shaped table Bronze. 28.9 х 28.5 cm a deer turned right (5 pieces) AND THE SOUTH URAL mound 401 116. Bells (2 pieces) Northern Coastlands of the Black Fourth to second century B.C.

Fifth century (rst half) B.C.

IN THE SCYTHIAN AGE Early fourth century B.C.

Excavation by A.A. Bobrinsky, 1903 Sea, Pridneprovye, Aleksandropolsky Gold. Diameter 7.0 cm Seventh century B.C. Stone. 20.3 х 10.3 х 7.4 cm Gold. 2.5 х 2.5 cm mound Orenburg Region, group of mounds near Siberia, from plunderous treasure Iron. Length 8.1 cm;

11.7 cm THE SIBERIAN Northern Coastlands of the Black 109. Xios amphora Excavation by А.V. Tereshchenko, 1853 village Gumarovo, mound 3, grave 1 diggings done in the rst quarter Pridneprovye, village Velikiye Budki COLLECTION OF PETER Sea, Pridneprovye, Solokha mound VOLGA REGION Fifth century (rst half) B.C. of the eighteenth century (Volkovtsy) mound 477 Excavation by R.B. Ismagilov, 1979 and Excavation by N.I. Veselovsky, I AND THE GOLD OF 130. Finial representing a griffon Clay. Height 64.0 cm, Excavation by N.E. Brandenburg, 1901 135. Circular mirror with a rim diameter 28.5 cm 152. Grivna torque with THE ANCIENT EURASIAN Fourth century (second half) B.C. and two short studs 124. Sewn-on plaques representing Pridneprovye, Zhurovka village, 117. Sword 141. Sword with a buttery-shaped zoomorphic ends Bronze. 15.5 х 10.1 cm NOMADS Scythians drinking from a horn Fifth century B.C.

mound 401 crosspiece Northern Coastlands of the Black Fifth century BC Fourth to second century B.C.

(2 pieces) Bronze. Diameter 22.0 cm Excavation by A.A. Bobrinsky, 1903 Sea, Pridneprovye, Aleksandropolsky Iron. Length 55 cm Gold, Turquoise. Diameter 22.0 cm Fifth century (rst half) B.C.

Lower Volga region, Aksenovsky 146. Belt plaque, right, Early fourth century B.C. mound Pridneprovye, village Brovarki, Siberia, from plunderous treasure Iron. Length 39 cm burial ground I near Dorofeyev 110. Ladle representing a predator tearing Gold. 2.5 х 2.5 cm Excavation by А.V. Tereshchenko, mound unnumbered diggings done in the rst quarter Orenburg Region, group of mounds hamlet, mound 10, grave Northern Coastlands of the Black its victim to pieces Fifth century (rst half) B.C. Excavation by N.E. Brandenburg, 1902 of the eighteenth century near village Gumarovo, mound 3, Excavation by V.P. Shilov, Sea, Pridneprovye, Solokha mound Bronze. Length 49.5 cm M.P. Gagarin’s second shipment, Fourth to third century B.C.

grave Excavation by N.I. Veselovsky, 122 balls divided into parts (6 pieces) suspended palmette-shaves mountan goat protomes at the width 50.0 cm Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound to 0.8 cm Sixth to fth century B.C.

Altai. Bashadar burial ground, mound 2 Altai. Shibe mound Wood. 9.0 х 11.6 cm 153. Finial in the shape plaques ends and Sixth to fth century B.C.

2 Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, 1947 Excavation by M.P. Griaznov, 1927 Altai. Tuekta burial ground, mound of an animal’s head a bronze bit Wood. Length 6.0 to 6.4 cm;

Fifth to fourth century B.C.

THE NOMAD WORLD FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTIONS OF THE STATE HERMITAGE MUSEUM THE NOMAD WORLD FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTIONS OF THE STATE HERMITAGE MUSEUM Excavation by S.I. Rudenko 1950 Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, 1954 ball diameter 2.3 to 2.7 cm Leather, wood. Length 136.0 cm;

Fourth to third century B.C. Fourth to third century B.C.

165. Table leg shaped 172. Rectangular shield Altai. Tuekta burial ground, mound 1 plaques: width 7.3 to 9.5 cm, height Gold. Length 2.8 cm Wood, leather, bronze, gold.

159. Openwork appliqu in 179. Bridle pendant plaque bearing as a lion gure Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, Fifth to fourth century B.C. 9.0 to 9.7 cm Siberia, from plunderous treasure Ball diameter 2.0 to 2.3 cm;

the shape of two standing roosters a wolf head (?) en face and a pal Leather, wood. 40.5 х 30.0 cm Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound diggings done in the rst quarter of Fifth to fourth century B.C. plaque maximum length 9.7 cm in the decor mette at the bottom 186. Saddle decoration buckles in Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound 1 Excavation by M.P. Griaznov, the eighteenth century Wood. Length 36.0 cm Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound of a trough (2 pieces) Excavation by M.P. Griaznov, 1929 the shape of ram heads in prole M.P. Gagarin’s second shipment, 1716 Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound Sixth to fth century B.C.

191. Saddle cover pendant in 2 Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, (4 pieces) Wood. 6.5 х 12.5 cm Fifth to fourth century B.C.

173. Knife hilt with gold inlay Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, 154. Part of a grivna torque with the shape of sh with a ram head Altai. Tuekta burial ground, mound Leather. 12.0 х 18.5 cm Sixth to fth century B.C.

196. Bridle decoration in the form Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, two rows of hollow pipes, in its mouth Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound 1 Fourth to third century B.C. Wood, gold. 12.5 х 7.7 cm, 12.5 х 7. 166. Pin nial (?) in the form of a of a sculpted swan gure Excavation by M.P Griaznov, lion heads decorating the ends of Iron, gold. 6.0 х 2.0 cm cm, 10.5 х 6.4cm, 10.5 х 6.3 cm Fifth to fourth century B.C.

sculpted deer gure with leather 180. Bridle pendant plaque bearing Altai. Shibe mound the upper pipe Altai. Bashadar burial ground, mound Felt, leather, gold foil. Maximum Fourth to third century B.C.

160. Openwork appliqu in horns, covered with gold foil a reindeer head with stylized horns Excavation by M.P. Griaznov, 1927 2 length about 58.0 cm Wood, leather, gold. 8.8 х 5.0 cm Fourth to second century B.C.

the shape of a pair of roosters Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, 1950 Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound 1 Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound Fifth to fourth century B.C. Sixth to fth century B.C.

Gold. Length 14.3 cm 174. Die connected with woollen thread in Excavation by M.P. Griaznov, 1929 Wood, leather, gold. 6.5 х 4.0 cm Wood. 6.3 х 11.0 cm Siberia, from plunderous treasure 187. Saddle base decoration in Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, the decor of a trough (2 pieces) Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound Altai. Tuekta burial ground, mound Sixth to Fifth century BC diggings done in the rst quarter of the form of a lens-like patch with 192. Fragment of a saddle cover 2 Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, Bronze. Length about 20 cm the eighteenth centur Fifth to fourth century B.C.

197. Sculpted reindeer head used Excavation by S.I. Rudenko 1947 appliqu in the shape of griffon with appliqu representing Kazakhstan, Borovoye settlement Leather, wool 15.5 х 15.5 cm 181. Saddle arches (2 pieces) for bridle decoration Casual nd, entered the Hermitage 155. Pair of earrings heads making a vortex rosette a griffon Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound 167. Headgear Museum in Excavation by M.P. Griaznov, 1929 Sixth to fth century B.C. Fourth to third century B.C.

Fourth to second century B.C. (?) Sixth to fth century B.C. Fifth to fourth century B.C.

Fifth to fourth century B.C. Wood. Length 20.0 cm and 20.6 cm;

Wood. 9.6 х 4.4 х 2.7 cm Gold. Length 5.0 cm Felt. 20.0 х 24.0 cm Felt. 57.0 х 30.0 cm 175. Arrowheads of rhombic cross 161. Selvaged rug with designs of Leather, fur, cloth, gold. About 60.0 х maximum width 2.7 cm and 2.1 cm Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound Siberia, from plunderous treasure Altai. Bashadar burial ground, mound Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound section with ftagments of shafts 25.0 cm Altai. Tuekta burial ground, mound 1 lion heads in prole and coloured diggings done in the rst quarter of 2 Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, 1954 Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, the eighteenth century Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, 1950 Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, triangles Fourth to third century B.C.

2 Bone, wood. Length (without shafts) Fifth to fourth century B.C.

Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, 1947 182. Saddle-girth clasp consisting of 198. Bridle decoration plaque rep 188. Belt bridle with two psaliy rods 156. Pair of earrings adorned with 193. Fragment of a saddle cover 5.9 cm, 6.4 cm, 6.7 cm Felt. 135.0 х 100.0 cm a loop and hook bent inwards resenting in high relief a wolf with Altai. Bashadar burial ground, mound pendants ending in palmettes, two forks with with appliqu representing Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound 168. High boot 1 its croup turned semi-oval festoons, a reindeer running Sixth to fth century B.C.

Excavation by M.P. Griaznov, Fourth to second century B.C. (?) Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, Fifth to fourth century B.C. a semilunar forehead plate and ve Bone. Buckle: 8.0 х 3.5 cm;

Gold, cornelian, glass. Length 6.0 cm Wood. 8.0 х 5.7 cm Fifth to fourth century B.C.

Leather, cloth, tin, pyrite crystals, loop: 8.3 х 4.5 cm 162. Ornamental band pendant plaques in the form Siberia, from plunderous treasure Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound Felt. 49.0 х 33.0 cm 176. S-shaped two-holed psaliy bit gold. 30.0 х 15.0 х 36.0 cm Altai. Tuekta burial ground, mound diggings done in the rst quarter of (2 fragments) of two reindeer gures in bas- Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound rod terminating in an asymmetrical Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, the eighteenth century Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, relief with a common detachable Fifth to fourth century B.C. 2 leaf Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, head and four suspended Felt. 46.0 х 13.5 cm, 7.0 х 7.0 cm Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, 1947 183. Saddle-girth clasp consisting of 157. Pair of earrings adorned with 199. Bridle decoration in the form Sixth to fth century B.C. palmette-shaped plaques Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound a loop and hook bent inwards pendants 194. Horse head mask made of a reclining tiger EXHIBITION CATALOGUE EXHIBITION CATALOGUE Wood. Length 23.0 cm 2 Fifth to fourth century B.C.

169. Sock Altai. Tuekta burial ground, mound 1 of leather-covered felt represent Sixth to fth century B.C.

Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, Fourth to second century B.C. (?) Fourth to third century B.C.

Wood, leather. Psaliy rods:

Fifth to fourth century B.C. Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, 1954 ing a goat head with a bird gure Bronze. Loop: 4.8 х 4.2 cm;

Gold. Length 7.1 cm Wood. 7.6 х 6.2 cm length 22.0 cm;

forks: length 11.5 cm;

Felt. Maximum length 44.0 cm buckle: 5.3 х 4.3 cm 163. Wooden pillow in a leather between its horns Siberia, from plunderous treasure Altai.Pazyryk burial ground, mound forehead plate: length 11.0 cm;

Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound 177. Part of bridle with a wooden Altai. Bashadar burial ground, mound diggings done in the rst quarter of Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, case plaques: with reindeer — 10.5 х Fifth to fourth century B.C.

2 plaque bearing a tiger head en face the eighteenth century 9.5 cm;

with palmettes — 10.0 х 9.5 Felt, leather, wood, gold foil. Width of Fifth to fourth century B.C. Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, 1947 Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, with with his mouth open and two 200. Set of saddle decorations:

cm the mask 28.0 cm, length of blades Wood, leather. Length 39.5 cm, griffon heads below supplemented four arch-shaped cover pieces for Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound 1 24.0 and 25.5 cm;

height of goat’s width 19.5 cm, height 11.5 cm 170. Thread of white cylinder- 184. Plaques in the shape of a four STOCK-BREEDERS OF ALTAI with a pendant plaque in the shape Excavation by M.P. Griaznov, 1929 saddle supports bearing stylized head 16.5 cm;

length of bird 35.5 cm Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound shaped beads (47 pieces) petal rosette used as decorations IN THE SCYTHIAN AGE (THE of a trefoil and a wooden fork Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound images of reindeer heads;

two tra of a saddle cover (6 pieces) Fourth to third century B.C. 189. Saddle decoration plaque with PAZYRYK CULTURE) Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, 1947 peze-shaped covers for tail guard Sixth to fth century B.C.

Paste. Beads 1.0 х 0.5 cm Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, anthropomorphous motifs Sixth to fth century B.C. with representations of hares;

six Wood, bronze, leather. Length 24. Altai. Shibe mound 164. Small table with a cover Wood, gold. Rosettes: 4.7 to 5.3 cm 158. Trough cover bearing cm, maximum width 12.0 cm shield-shaped hanging plaques, Fifth to fourth century B.C.

Excavation by M.P. Griaznov, 1927 195. Bridle decorated with wooden Altai. Bashadar burial ground, mound shaped as an oval tray and four Altai. Tuekta burial ground, mound representations of four tigers, two Wood. 10.5 х 9.1 cm which bear stylized representa balls strung on belts and ve Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, carved legs wild bores two reindeers and three Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound 1 tions of horns, for saddle belts and 171. Thread of blue cylinder-shaped Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, 1950 plaques shaped as mountain goats, Excavation by M.P. Griaznov, mountain rams two elongated shield-like plaques Fifth to fourth century B.C. beads (49 pieces) 178. Bridle pendant plaque bearing with two forks shaped as wolf Wood. Cover 67.5 х 54.0 cm;

for front supports adorned with Sixth to fth century BC 185. Saddle decoration pendants Fourth to third century B.C. griffon heads 190. Saddle decoration with 18 heads and two psaliy bit rods with leg length 33.7 to 34.6 cm Wood. Length 315.0 cm, stylized representations of horns in the shape of rods terminating in Turquoise. Length of beads 0. 124 248. Thread of beads Noin Ula Mounds Fourth to third century B.C. Bone. Length 13.5 cm Horn. Length 17.5 cm First century B.C.

by S.A. Kondratyev Wood, red pigment, gold. Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye Clay. Height 18.5 cm First century B.C.

gorodishche site, dwelling 36 gorodishche site, pit XVIII 212. Cofn handle Arch-shaped cover pieces: length 16.5 Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye burial 206. Fragments of woolen embroi- Cornelian. Diameter 0.9 to 1.3 cm THE NOMAD WORLD FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTIONS OF THE STATE HERMITAGE MUSEUM THE NOMAD WORLD FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTIONS OF THE STATE HERMITAGE MUSEUM 218. Fragment of silk with designs of to 17.0 cm, width 5.8 to 6.2 cm;

Excavation by A.V. Davydova, 1959 Excavation by A.V. Davydova, 1958 ground, barrow dery (2 pieces) Transbaikalia, Khara-Bursun Burial First century B.C.

trapez-shaped covers: length 11.0 cm, Excavation by A.V. Davydova, a winged horse ground, mound Bronze, cast. 31.0 х 2.5 cm Bactria (?). First century B.C.

width 3.3 to 225. Ball for a sling 233. Knife Excavation by G.P. Sosnovsky, Northern Mongolia, Noin Ula, China. Tsin dynasty. 9 to 23 A.D.

Wool, embroidery. 44.0 х 14.0 cm;

57. 3.4 cm;

shield-shaped plaques: length 241. Vessel Sutsdukte fold, mound 25 First century B.C. First century B.C.

Polychrome silk. 15.0 х 14.5 cm х 25.0 cm 6.9 to 7.5 cm, width 6.0 to 6.3 cm;

Expedition by P.K. Kozlov, excavation Basalt. Diameter 4.5 cm Iron, wood. Length 15.0 cm First century B.C.

Northern Mongolia, Noin Ula, Northern Mongolia, Noin Ula, elongated plaques: length 7.7 to by S.A. Kondratyev NOMADS OF TUVA IN THE Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye burial Clay. Height 22.5 cm Sutsdukte fold, mound Sutsdukte fold, mound 7.8 cm, width 4.3 cm gorodishche site, dwelling 49 ground, barrow 32 Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye burial Expedition by P.K. Kozlov, excavation EARLY A.D. EPOCH: AIMYRLYG Expedition by P.K. Kozlov, excavation Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound 213. Fragment of a silk braid Excavation by A.V. Davydova, 1961 Excavation by A.V. Davydova, 1959 ground, barrow by S.A. Kondratyev by S.A. Kondratyev BURIAL GROUND Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, Excavation by A.V. Davydova, decoration 226. Arrowheads (3 pieces) 234. Spoon-like (pendant) clasps ( HUNNISH ANTIQUITIES OF 207. Fragment of polychrome silk 249. Comb China. Western Han dynasty.

201. Saddle arches with carved 242. Plaques shaped as horse gures pieces) TRANSBAIKALIA First century B.C.

206 B.C. to 9 A.D.

China. Tsin dynasty. 9 to 23 A.D.

ornaments Second century A.D.

Bone. Length 8.7 cm;

9.4cm;

7.0 cm First century B.C.

Silk. 23.0 х 5.0 cm Polychrome silk. 39.0 х 6.3 cm First century B.C. Horn. Height 8.2 cm Fourth to third century B.C. Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye Bronze. 3.6 х 1.7 cm;

3.7 х 1.7 cm Northern Mongolia, Noin Ula, 219. Vessel Northern Mongolia, Noin Ula, Bronze. Length 5.0 cm;

5.2 cm Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Aimyrlyg Burial Bone. Length 25.0 and 22.0 cm, gorodishche site, pit 1 б, pit III, pit 6 Transbaikalia, Ilmova Pad burial Sutsdukte fold, mound Sutsdukte fold, mound 6 Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye burial Ground XXXI, barrow First century B.C.

width 3.0 cm Excavation by A.V. Davydova, 1958 ground, barrow Expedition by P.K. Kozlov, excavation Expedition by P.K. Kozlov, excavation ground, barrow 32 Excavation by E.U. Stambulnik Clay. Height 60.0 cm Altai. Shibe mound Excavation by G.P. Sosnovsky, by S.A. Kondratyev by S.A. Kondratyev Excavation by A.V.Davydova Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye Excavation by M.P. Griaznov, 227. Spindle and blank gorodishche digging site, dwelling 38 250. Dart head 243. Stick terminating in a spatula 214. Fragment of a burial ag 208. Fragment of polychrome silk 235. Buttons (2 pieces) First century B.C.

Excavation by A.V. Davydova, 1959 (vestiges of shaft in hub) 202. Shield-like pendant plaque with Clay. Diameter 4.7 cm;

4.3 cm First century B.C.

China. Western Han dynasty.

China. Western Han dynasty. First century B.C.

carved ornament Second century A.D.

Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye Bone. Length 20.8 cm, maximum 206 B.C. to 9 A.D. 220. Astragals (2 pieces) 206 B.C. to 9 A.D. Bronze. Diameter 2.6 cm;

2.2 cm Iron, wood. Length 13.4 cm Fourth to third century B.C. gorodishche site, pit 1 б, 9 width 2.0 cm Silk. 42.0 х 20.0 cm Silk. 67.0 х 24.0 cm Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye burial First century B.C. Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Aimyrlyg Burial Bone. 7.0 х 5.5 cm Excavation by A.V. Davydova1958 Transbaikalia, Ilmova Pad burial Northern Mongolia, Noin Ula, Northern Mongolia, Noin Ula, ground, barrow Bone. 3.0 х 1.7 cm;

3.1 х 1.8 cm Ground XXXI, barrow Altai. Shibe mound ground, barrow Sutsdukte fold, mound 2 (24) Sutsdukte fold, mound 6 Excavation by A.V. Davydova, Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye Excavation by E.U. Stambulnik, Excavation by M.P. Griaznov, 1927 Excavation by G.P. Sosnovsky, 228. Buckle Expedition by P.K. Kozlov, excavation Expedition by P.K. Kozlov, excavation gorodishche site, pit 65 (1959), pit by S.А. Teploukhov by S.A. Kondratyev 236. Waist plate First century B.C.

(1974) 251. Knife with a ring at the end 203. Semicicular cover with carved 244. Chopsticks Bone. 8.8 х 5.7 cm Excavation by A.V. Davydova, 1959, 1974 First century B.C. Second century A.D.

ornament for girth belt 215. Fragment of a felt rug 209. Fragment of polychrome silk Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye First century B.C.

Bronze. 14.0 х 7.5 cm Iron. 20.7 х 1.5 cm (2 pieces) Fourth to third century B.C. gorodishche site, pit II Bone. 20.8 х 0.5 cm;

21.6 х 0.4cm 221. Hairpins (3 pieces) China. Western Han dynasty. Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye burial Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Aimyrlyg Burial Bone. 7.5 х 5.5 cm Excavation by A.V. Davydova, 1958 Transbaikalia, Ilmova Pad burial 206 B.C. to 9 A.D. ground, barrow First century B.C. First century B.C. Ground XXXI, barrow Altai. Shibe mound ground, barrow Silk. 50.0 х 26.0 cm Excavation by A.V. Davydova, Felt, Silk. 83.0 х 60.0 cm;

54.0 х 53.0 cm Bone. Length 12.0 cm;

10.6 cm;

9.4 cm Excavation by E.U. Stambulnik, Excavation by M.P. Griaznov, 1927 Excavation by G.P. Sosnovsky, 229. Harpoon Northern Mongolia, Noin Ula, Northern Mongolia, Noin Ula, Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye Sutsdukte fold, mound 23 237. Buckle Sutsdukte fold, mound 6 gorodishche site, dwelling 25;

pit XVIII First century B.C. 252. Remake of a Chinese laquer 204. Saddle supports decorations 245. Cofn wall decorations Expedition by P.K. Kozlov, excavation Expedition by P.K. Kozlov, excavation Bone. Length 10.3 cm “в”;

pit ХХ First century B.C. cup in the shape of winged tigers’ pro- by S.A. Kondratyev by S.A. Kondratyev Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye First century B.C.

Excavation by A.V. Davydova, 1958 Bronze. Length 3.5 cm EXHIBITION CATALOGUE EXHIBITION CATALOGUE Second century A.D.

tomes gorodishche site, pit V Bronze. Length 6.0 to 7.6 cm, width 6. Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye burial Wood, laquer. 3.8 х 2.8 cm 210. Fragment of polychrome silk 216. Fragment of silk embroidery (4 Excavation by A.V. Davydova, 1958 to 3.6 cm 222. Buckle ground, barrow Fourth to third century B.C.

Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Aimyrlyg Burial pieces) Transbaikalia, Ilmova Pad burial China. Western Han dynasty. Excavation by A.V. Davydova, Wood, gold. Length about 6.4 cm First century B.C. Ground XXXI, barrow ground, barrow 230. Ring segment 206 B.C. to 9 A.D.

Altai. Shibe mound China. Western Han dynasty. Bone. Length 9.7 cm, Excavation by E.U. Stambulnik, Excavation by G.P. Sosnovsky, Silk. 27.0 х 18.0 cm Excavation by M.P. Griaznov, 1927 238. Talon pendant 206 B.C. to 9 A.D. First century B.C.

width 3.7 to 5.7 cm Northern Mongolia, Noin Ula, Silk, embroidered. 37.5 х 25 cm;

20.5 х Stone. Length 8.1 cm Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye First century B.C. 253. Waist plate decorated with 246. Cone-shaped pierced bead Sutsdukte fold, mound 205. Finial of a horse mask in the 18.5 cm;

37.0 х 24.5 cm;

24.0 х 21.0 cm gorodishche site, dwelling 29 Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye Chalcedany. Length 9.4 cm an image of running horse Expedition by P.K. Kozlov, excavation Northern Mongolia, Noin Ula, shape of a fantastic bird with a horn gorodishche site, pit 9 First century B.C.

Excavation by A.V. Davydova, 1958 Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye burial by S.А. Teploukhov Second century A.D.

Sutsdukte fold, mound 6 Excavation by A.V. Davydova, 1958 Jade. 3 х 1/0.4cm ground, barrow Fourth to third century B.C.

Bronze. 10.5 х 6.2 cm Expedition by P.K. Kozlov, excavation Transbaikalia, Khara-Bursun Burial 223. Part of a shing hook Excavation by A.V. Davydova, Wood, leather, gold. 21.5 х 4.5 cm Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Aimyrlyg Burial 211. Finials in the shape of a ower by S.A. Kondratyev ground, mound 231. Hub-like object Altai. Pazyryk burial ground, mound 3 First century B.C. Ground XXXI, barrow (2 pieces) Excavation by G.P. Sosnovsky, 239. Vessel Excavation by S.I. Rudenko, 1948 First century B.C.

Bone. Length 7.5 cm Excavation by E.U. Stambulnik, 217. Fragment of tulle China. Western Han dynasty. Horn. Length 6.5 cm Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye First century B.C.

247. Hexagonal pierced bead 206 B.C. to 9 A.D. China, Western Han dynasty. gorodishche site, dwelling 29 Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye Clay. Height 15.0 cm 254. Khomuz musical instrument Bronze, cast. Height 9.0 cm, 206 B.C. to 9 A.D.

CENTRAL ASIAN STEPPE NOMADS gorodishche site, pit XVI First century B.C.

Excavation by A.V. Davydova, 1958 Transbaikalia, Ivolghinskoye burial Second century A.D.

diameter 14.5 cm Silk. 18.0 х 10.0 cm IN THE FIRST CENTURY B.C. TO Excavation by A.V. Davydova1958 Aquamarine. 2.1 х 0.9 cm ground, barrow Bone. Length 10.3 cm Northern Mongolia, Noin Ula, Northern Mongolia, Noin Ula, Transbaikalia, Khara-Bursun Burial 224. Fortune teller’s scapula THE FIRST CENTURY A.D.: HUNNU Excavation by A.V. Davydova, Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Aimyrlyg Burial Sutsdukte fold, mound 25 Sutsdukte fold, mound 6 ground, mound 232. Awl-like piercer First century B.C. Ground XXXI, barrow Expedition by P.K. Kozlov, excavation Expedition by P.K. Kozlov, excavation Excavation by G.P. Sosnovsky, 240. Vessel Elitist Burials in Northern Mongolia: First century B.C. Excavation by E.U. Stambulnik, by S.A. Kondratyev 126 282. Long double-bladed swors with of big-nosed wolvea at the ends Ground XXXI, barrow 156 Gold, iron. Length 10.5 cm Excavation by M.L. Podolsky, 1978 First century A.D.

Excavation by E.U. Stambulnik South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression, Gold. Length 2.1 cm 255. Sewn-on plaques representing a decorative nial 289. Thread of nineteen First century A.D.

Znamenka village Rostov Region, Novocherkassk 276. Thread of triangular striated a deer (3 pieces) multi-coloured beads Gold, gurquoise, glass, vestigial corals.

Second century A.D.

THE NOMAD WORLD FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTIONS OF THE STATE HERMITAGE MUSEUM THE NOMAD WORLD FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTIONS OF THE STATE HERMITAGE MUSEUM Excavation by M.L. Podolsky, 1978 township, Khokhlach mound, 262. Single-blade knife pendants Diameter 7.8 cm Iron, bronze, gold, chalcedony, glass, Second century A.D. First to second century A.D.

cache IV with a hilt Rostov Region, Novocherkassk cornelian. Sword length 93 cm;

nial Bronze. 3.6 х 1.7 cm;

3.6 х 1.6 cm;

3.7 х First century B.C. to rst century A.D. Polychrome paste. Diameter 3.6 to 1. Casual nd made during 269. Plaque township, Khokhlach mound, cache I diameter 3.7 cm 1.6 cm Second century A.D. Glass. Height 1.2 to 1.5 cm cm construction work on the mound, Casual nd made during construction First century B.C. to rst century A.D. Krasnodar Territory, stanitsa Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Aimyrlyg Burial Iron, bone. Length 17.0 cm South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression, Krasnodar Territory, “Lysaya Gora,” work on the mound, Silver. Diameter 2.4 cm Novokorsunskaya Ground XXXI, barrows 65, 156 Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Aimyrlyg Burial Znamenka village Maikop. Mound South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression, Casual nd, Excavation by E.U. Stambulnik, 1980 Ground XXXI, barrow 161 Excavation by M.L. Podolsky, 1978 Excavation by N.I. Veselovsky, 302. Galvanoplastic copy of a dia 296. Cup with a reindeer-shaped Znamenka village Excavation by E.U. Stambulnik dem from the Khokhlach burial Excavation by M.L. Podolsky, 1978 283. Pottery vessel handle 256. Cup with rudimentary side 277. Thread of coloured pendants in 290. Cauldron with gured handles ground (reconstruction) 263. Belt details (4 pieces) handles the form of pears and drops First century B.C. First century B.C.

First century B.C. to rst century A.D.

270. Plaque Metal. Plastic. Length 61.0 cm, Clay. Height 10 cm, body Gold, turquoise, glass. Height 7.5 cm, Second century A.D. Bronze. Height 49.0 cm, Second century A.D. First century B.C. to rst century A.D.

height 15.0 cm First century B.C. to rst century A.D. diameter 12.1 cm diameter 9.2 cm Horn. 16.6 х 2.8 cm;

16.6 х 2.5 cm;

7.2 х diameter 37.0 cm Wood. 12.7 х 11.1 cm Glass. Height 1.2 to 1.7 cm Silver. 4.4 х 4.2 cm Volgograd Region. Chikovsky burial Rostov Region, Novocherkassk 5.6 cm;

7 х 5.6 cm Krasnodar Territory, stanitsa Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Aimyrlyg Burial South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression, South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression, ground, mound 7, barrow 1 township, Khokhlach mound, cache IV Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Aimyrlyg Burial Ust-Labinskaya, burial ground. Mound Ground XXXI, barrow 91 Znamenka village EASTERN EUROPEAN HUNS IN Znamenka village Excavation by V.P. Shilov, 1977 Casual nd made during construction Ground XXXI, barrow 211 Excavation by E.U. Stambulnik, 1980 Excavation by M.L. Podolsky, THE LATE FOURTH TO FIFTH Excavation by M.L. Podolsky, 1978 work on the mound, Excavation by E.U. Stambulnik Excavation by N.I. Veselovsky, 284. Pierced beads in the form of CENTURY A.D.

257. Rod with its edge bent 278. Rounded beads with 271. Plaques (2 pieces) 297. Flask for aromatic substances 264. Bow ornments (7 pieces) coupled masks 291. Cauldron with zoomorphous transversal stripe (2 pieces) Second century A.D.

handles 303. Diadem First century B.C. to rst century A.D. First century B.C.

Second century A.D. First century B.C. to rst century A.D Bone. Length 14.7 х 0.7 cm First century B.C. to rst century A.D.

Silver. 3.6 х 3.4 cm Gold, corals, pearls, paste. Height 6. Bone. Length от 26.5 до 34.2 cm Stone. 3.35 х 4.0 cm Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Aimyrlyg Burial First to second century A.D. Late fourth to fth (rst half) Glass. Diameter 1.1 cm;

1.2 cm South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression, cm, diameter 5.0 cm Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Aimyrlyg Burial Volgograd Region. Chikovsky burial Ground XXXI, barrow 136 Bronze. Height 25.5 cm, century A.D.

South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression, Znamenka village Rostov Region, Novocherkassk Ground XXXI ground, mound 39, barrow Excavation by E.U. Stambulnik diameter 21.0 cm Gold, bronze, almandines, glass.

Znamenka village Excavation by M.L. Podolsky, 1978 township, Khokhlach mound, cache IV Excavation by E.U. Stambulnik Excavation by V.P. Shilov, 1977 Rostov Region, Novocherkassk Length 24.0 cm, height 4.0 cm Excavation by M.L. Podolsky, Casual nd made during construction township. Sokolovsky mound 258. Waist belt plaque with Volgograd Region, stanitsa work on the mound, 272. Thread of pierced faceted 285. Bir with psaliy bit rods “TREASURE TROVE” FOUND NEAR Excavations Б.А. Раева, 1970 Verkhne-Kurmoyarskaya, hamlet a representation of a winged uni- 279. Thread of beads with under beads Verkhne-Yablochy. Destroyed THE VILLAGE OF ZNAMENKA IN corn glaze gilt First to second century A.D.

298. Plaques in the shape 292. Black-lustred pottery jug with a mound THE MINUSINSK DEPRESSION First century B.C. to rst century A.D. Iron. Bit length 12 cm;

Second century A.D. First century B.C. to rst century A.D. of a walking reindeer (10 pieces) Casual nd by local people, zoomorphous handle psaliy length 9.3 cm Cornelian. Bead diameter 0.3 to 0. Bronze. 11.7 х 7cm Glass. Diameter 0.2 to 0.7 cm cm Krasnodar Territory, stanitsa First century A.D.

265. Bracelet First to second century A.D.

Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Aimyrlyg Burial South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression, 304. Kolt women’s hairdress South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression, Tiisskaya. Burial ground, mound 6, Gold. 3.9 х 4.2 cm Clay. Height 11.5 cm, Diameter 8.2 cm Ground XXXI, barrow 154 Znamenka village First century B.C.

decoration pendants (pair) Znamenka village barrow 1 Rostov Region, Novocherkassk Crimea. Kerch, exact whereabouts of Excavation by E.U. Stambulnik Excavation by M.L. Podolsky, to first century A.D.

Excavation by M.L. Podolsky, 1978 Excavation by N.I. Veselovsky, 1908 township, Khokhlach mound, cache IV the nd unknown Late fourth to fth (rst half) Gold. Diameter 7.4 cm;

cross-section Casual nd made during construction century A.D.

259. Pendant plaques (?) SARMATS IN THE STEPPES OF diameter 0.4cm work on the mound, 273. Thread of round attened 286. Bridle set of six plaques 293. Pottery jug with a ram-shaped Gold, almandines, glass. Length South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression, with plant ornaments (2 pieces) SOUTHERN HUSSIA IN THE pierced beads 24.0 cm, height 4 cm handle Second century A.D.

Znamenka village FIRST CENTURY B.C. TO SECOND EXHIBITION CATALOGUE EXHIBITION CATALOGUE Second century A.D. 299. Plaques in the shape Volgograd Region, stanitsa Silver, bronze. Diameter 8.8 cm;

Excavation by M.L. Podolsky, 1978 First century B.C. to rst century A.D. CENTURY A.D. First to second century A.D.

Bronze. 6.2 х 4.2 cm;

6 х 4 cm of a stylized ram head (20 pieces) Verkhne-Kurmoyarskaya, hamlet 5.9 cm;

4.5 cm Cornelian. Bead diameter 0.9 to 1.1 cm Clay. Height 18.2 cm Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Aimyrlyg Burial Verkhne-Yablochy. Destroyed Krasnodar Territory, aul Ulsky.

South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression, First century A.D.

266. Plaque Krasnodar Territory, aul Ulsky.

Ground XXXI, barrow 156 280. Short double-bladed sword mound Burial ground, mound Znamenka village Gold. Length 1.4 cm Burial ground Excavation by E.U. Stambulnik First century B.C. with a straight cross and a sickle- Casual nd by local people, Excavation by N.I. Veselovsky, Excavation by M.L. Podolsky, 1978 Rostov Region, Novocherkassk Excavation by N.I. Veselovsky, to rst century A.D. shaped nial township, Khokhlach mound, cache IV Gold. Diameter 2.3 cm;

height 1.2 cm 260. Waist belt plate with a slit and a 305. Cauldron with gured 287. Mirror Casual nd made during construction Second to rst century B.C.

274. Thread of trapez-shaped and 294. Grivna torque with gured South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression, heraldic representation of deer handles work on the mound, Iron. Length 49.5 cm rectangular pendant beads First century A.D. (rst half) Znamenka village friezes representing a wolf attacking Second century A.D. Former Samara Gubernia, Buguruslan Late fourth to fth (rst half) Bronze. Diameter 11.2 cm Excavation by M.L. Podolsky, a griffon First century B.C. to rst century A.D.

Bronze. 10 х 5.8 cm Uezd, Solovki estate 300. Plaques in the shape century A.D.

Krasnodar Territory, Armavir Cornelian. Bead length 1.3 to 2.3 cm Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Aimyrlyg Burial First century A.D.

Casual nd of a stylized ox head (20 pieces) Bronze. Height 34.3 cm, diameter township. Mound “Bolshoi kurgan” 267. Pin South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression, Ground XXXI, barrow 156 Gold, turquoise, corals, glass. Height 6.3 24.3 cm Excavation by N.I. Veselovsky, Znamenka village First century A.D.

First century B.C. to rst century A.D.

Excavation by E.U. Stambulnik cm, diameter 16.4 to 17.8 cm 281. Short double-bladed sword Orenburg Region, Kyzyl-Adyr Excavation by M.L. Podolsky, 1978 Gold. Length 1.2 cm Gold, iron. Length 9.5 cm Rostov Region, Novocherkassk with a straight cross and a ring nial village. Destroyed grave in a cave 288. Thread of twenty beads Rostov Region, Novocherkassk South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression, township, Khokhlach mound, cache I 261. Waist belt plate with Found by V.A. Gprianin, geologists’ township, Khokhlach mound, cache IV First century B.C. to rst century A.D.

275. Eye-shaped beads First century A.D. (rst half) Znamenka village Casual nd made during construction a heraldic representation team leader, in Casual nd made during construction Iron. Length 48 cm Amber, lignite, chalcedony, cornelian, Excavation by M.L. Podolsky, 1978 work on the mound, First century B.C. to rst century A.D.


of deer work on the mound, Volgograd Region, Kalinovka village. glass, paste. Diameter 1.1 to 1.6 cm Glass. Diameter 1.5 cm 306. Three-blade arrowheads of Second century A.D. Burial ground, mound 4, grave 2 Krasnodar Territory, Armavir 268. Ornament 295. Spiral bracelet with gures South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression, lozenge and stepped shape Bronze. 9.8 х 5.8 cm Excavation by V.P. Shilov, 1952 301. Gorodki-shaped plaques resem township. Mound “Bolshoi kurgan” Znamenka village First century B.C. to rst century A.D.

Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Aimyrlyg Burial (6 pieces) bling gures (20 pieces) Excavation by N.I. Veselovsky, 128 312. Buckle and waist belt tips Beresta birch bark. Length 59.0 cm Late fourth to fth (rst half) century Eighth to ninth century Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Burial ground Talasskaya Valley, Achik-Tash ore mine district Ukraine, near village Malaya A.D. Bone. Length 8.3 cm near village Uspenskoye, mound 24-2 Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Mongun-Taiga Casual nd, 1933 Expedition by A.D. Grach Pereshchepina in the vicinity of Late fourth to fth (rst quarter) Iron. Length 5.7 to 6.2 cm South Siberia. Origin unknown Excavation by S.A. Teploukhov, 1926 burial ground, mound 2 Poltava century A.D THE NOMAD WORLD FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTIONS OF THE STATE HERMITAGE MUSEUM THE NOMAD WORLD FROM THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL COLLECTIONS OF THE STATE HERMITAGE MUSEUM Orenburg Region, Kyzyl-Adyr village. Enthered the Hermitage Museum in Excavation by A.D. Grach, 1958 Entered the Hermitage Museum in 341. Graven gure with a vessel Gold, bronze, paste, almandines.

Destroyed grave in a cave 1955 from the State Museum of USSR 1914;

casual nd, 326. Beads (5 pieces) TREASURES OF KAGAN KUVRAT in one hand Buckle: 3.7 х 2.8 cm;

tips:

Excavation by I.P. Zasetskaya, 1979 Peoples’ Ethnography in Leningrad 333. Bow decorations (3 pieces) 2.0 х 2.0 cm Seventh century Eighth to ninth century 354. Pair of stirrups Perm Region, village Muslimovo. 349. Signet-ring with monogram:

Cornelian, glass. Diameter 1.5 cm;

Eighth to ninth century Stone. Height 110.0 cm 307. Double-bladed sword with 319. Saddle-girth plaque Destroyed grave 1.6 cm (3 pieces);

1.1 cm Horn. Length 11.1 to 17.7 cm Seventh century BATOPXA (N) OY ПATPIKIOY Semirechye, Foothills of Kirgiz Range a lozenge-shaped crosspiece and Casual nd, 1895 Ninth to tenth century Transbaikalia. Ilmovaya Pad burial Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Mongun-Taiga Silver. 13.31 х 12.60 cm, 12.82 х 12. Found by I.V. Anichkov, 1903 Ca a decorative nial Bronze, iron. Length 4.5 cm ground, barow121 burial ground, mound VIII, grave 2 cm Gold. Ring diameter 2.7 cm, signet South Siberia, Minusinsk Steppes, Excavation by G.P. Sosnovsky Excavation by A.D. Grach, 1958 Ukraine, near village Malaya 342. Graven gure holding Late fourth to fth (rst half) century diameter 1.6 cm TURKOPHONE NOMADS village Beyskoye Pereshchepina in the vicinity of A.D. a vessel Ukraine, near village Malaya Collected by A.V. Adrianov, 1894 Poltava 327. Earrings 334. Arrowheads (3 pieces) OF CENTRAL ASIA Iron, gold, silver, amber, garnets. Pereshchepina in the vicinity of Poltava Eighth to tenth century Entered the Hermitage Museum in AND SOUTHERN SIBERIA: THE Sword length 88.0 cm, Finial diameter Entered the Hermitage Museum in Eighth to ninth century Ninth to tenth century Stone. 124.0 x 27.0 cm 1914;

casual nd, 320. Buckle 3.4 cm AGE OF KAGANATES 1926, through the State Academy of Bronze. 3.3 х 1.7 cm;

3.5 х 1.8 cm Iron. 10.5 х 3.3 cm;

7.7 х 1.6 cm;

11.2 х Semirechye, exact place where found Zaporozhye Region, Novogrigoryevka Material Culture;

casual nd, Ninth to tenth century South Siberia. Minusinsk Depression, 2.2 cm unknown 355. Bracelet village. Cremation grave IX Bone, iron. 7.8 х 4.5 cm village Ochury;

village Sayanskaya South Siberia, Achinsko-Mariinskiye 313. Fragment of bridle belt with Excavation by D.Ya. Samokvasov, 1884 Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Sagly burial Collected by I.A. Lopatin Steppes. Casual nds Seventh century 350. Medallions (2 pieces) gured plaques 343. Head, fragment of statue ground, mound 26 Collected by V.V. Radlov, 1863 Gold, glass. Maximum diameter 8. Ca 629. Made with the same Seventh to eighth century Eighth to ninth century 308. Three-blade lozenge-shaped Excavation by A.D. Grach, 1961 cm 328. Flat arrowheads (8 pieces) puncheons as the cons of Irakly and Bronze, leather. Belt length 31.0 cm Stone. Height 32.0 cm arrowheads (6 pieces) Ukraine, near village Malaya 335. Arrowhead Irakly Constantine of the coinage of Tenth to fourteenth century Transbaikalia, Verkhneudinsky district, Sayano-Altai, Tuva, Bai-Tal settlement Pereshchepina in the vicinity of 321. Tee joints for bridle belts Late fourth to fth (rst half) century 629 to Iron. 16.6 х 5.7 cm;

14.0 х 4.6 cm;

Ninth to tenth century villageSayantui, grave «under the Expedition by A.D. Grach Poltava distribution (3 pieces) A.D Gold. Diameter 2.7 cm;

2.7 cm 15.6 х 6.1 cm;

11.9 х 4.3 cm;

Iron. Length 10.8 cm stone» Entered the Hermitage Museum in Iron. Length 4.3 to 5.7 cm Ukraine, near village Malaya 12.1 х 3.8 cm;

12.8 х 1.6 cm;

Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Sagly burial Ninth to tenth century Excavation by G.P. Sosnovsky, 1928 344. Graven image 1914;

casual nd, Zaporozhye Region, Novogrigoryevka Pereshchepina in the vicinity of Poltava 15.3 х 3.3 cm;

12.3 х 4.8 cm ground. Casual nd Bronze. 7.0 х 4.5 cm;

6.0 х 4.0 cm;

6. Eighth to ninth century village. Cremation graves VIII, IX Entered the Hermitage Museum in South Siberia, Achinsko-Mariinskiye Expedition by A.D. Grach, х 4.4 cm 314. Twisted bit and S-shaped psaliy 356. Cups (5 pieces) Stone. 102.0 х 39.0 х 15.0 cm Excavation by D.Ya. Samokvasov, 1884 1914;

casual nd made in Steppes. Casual nds South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression bit rods Sayano-Altai, Tuva, Oviursky district Collected by V.V. Radlov, 1863 Seventh century 336. Armour plates Collected by E.K. Teviashov, Expedition by A.D. Grach Eighth to ninth century 309. Bridle set (reconstruction) Silver. Height 10.0 to 11.0 cm 3510. Belt buckle I.A. Lopatin Eighth to ninth century Iron. 25.0 х 11.5 cm Ukraine, near village Malaya 329. Three-blade arrowheads Late fourth to fth (rst half) century Seventh century Iron. Length up to 10.0 cm 345. Graven image South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression Pereshchepina in the vicinity of 322. Ornamented belt tips (3 pieces) A.D Gold, glass. Length 17.8 cm;

Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Mongun-Taiga Purchased by S.V. Teploukhov, 1923 Poltava Eighth to ninth century (2 pieces) Iron, bronze, gold, cornelian, ring width 7.0 cm burial ground, mound VIII, grave Tenth to fourteenth century Entered the Hermitage Museum in Stone. 69.0 х 22.0 х 7.0 cm almandines. Tablet 50.0 х 30.0 cm Ukraine, near village Malaya Excavation by A.D. Grach, Iron. 13.2 х 3.8 cm;

9.0 х 2.0 cm;

Ninth to tenth century 315. Pair of stirrups 1914;

casual nd, Sayano-Altai, Tuva, Oviursky district, Zaporozhye Region, Novogrigoryevka Pereshchepina in the vicinity of Poltava 14.3 х 3.8 cm Bronze. 3.3 х 2.1 cm;

5.3 х 2.2 cm valley of the River Ulatai Eighth to ninth century village. Cremation graves VIII, IX Entered the Hermitage Museum in 337. Small cups (2 pieces) South Siberia, Achinsko-Mariinskiye South Siberia, Minusinsk Depression, 357. Jug-like tankards (2 pieces) Expedition by A.D. Grach Iron. Height 12.4 cm;

14.2 cm Excavation by D.Ya. Samokvasov, 1884 1914;

casual nd, Steppes. Casual nds village Abakanskoye, village Sorokina Eighth century Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Burial ground Seventh century Collected by V.V. Radlov, Collected by I.A. Lopatin Silver. Height 5.7 cm, diameter 10.0 346. Graven images (2 pieces) near village Uspenskoye, mound EXHIBITION CATALOGUE EXHIBITION CATALOGUE 310. Decorative covers for saddle- Silver. Height 26.4 cm;


24.0 cm 352. Waist belt tip cm;

height 12.5 cm, diameter 2.0 cm Excavation by S.V. Teploukhov, 1926 Ukraine, near village Malaya tree and pommel Eighth to ninth century 330. Arrowheads (4 pieces) 323. Tee joint for belt separation and Seventh century Western Siberia, origin unknown Pereshchepina in the vicinity of Stone. 130.0 х 21.0 х 15.0 cm;

75.0 х 23.0 Gold, glass. Length 13.7 cm;

maximum a belt cover Late fourth to fth (rst half) century Tenth to fourteenth century 316. Pair of stirrups Poltava х 14.0 cm width 5.5 cm A.D 338. Wash-hand basin Iron. Length 6.5 cm;

9.7 cm;

8.1 cm;

Ninth to tenth century Entered the Hermitage Museum in Sayano-Altai, Tuva, Oviursky district, Ninth to tenth century Ukraine, near village Malaya Gold. Saddle-trees: 16.0 х 8.4 cm;

13.0 8.7 cm Bronze, iron. 5.0 х 3.6 cm;

3.3 х 2.1 cm Eighth century 1914;

casual nd, valley of the River Orta-Kholynnyk Iron. Height 15.0 cm;

width 12.5 cm Pereshchepina in the vicinity of Poltava х 8.5 cm;

pommels: 25.0 х 5.8 cm;

21.0 South Siberia, Achinsko-Mariinskiye Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Tora-tal-Arty Silver. Height 11.0 cm, diameter 40.0 cm Expedition by A.D. Grach Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Sagly burial Entered the Hermitage Museum in х 5.6 cm Steppes. Casual nds burial ground, mound 4 Western Siberia, origin unknown 358. Cup ground, mound 4 1914;

casual nd, Zaporozhye Region, Novogrigoryevka Collected by V.V. Radlov, Excavation by A.D. Grach, 347. Head, fragment of graven gure Excavation by A.D. Grach, 1961 Seventh century village. Cremation graves VIII, IX 339. Vessel with a narrow neck Gold, glass. Height 10.0 cm 353. Decorative plaques and belt tip Excavation by D.Ya. Samokvasov, 1884 Eighth to ninth century 331. Fragment of quiver belt 324. Tee joint for belt separation 317. Bit and psaliy rods Eighth century Ukraine, near village Malaya Stone. 42.0 х 31.0 х 12.0 cm (7 pieces) Eighth to ninth century Ninth to tenth century Silver. Height 27.0 cm Pereshchepina in the vicinity of 311. Grivna Sayano-Altai, Tuva, Oviursky district, Ninth to tenth century. Seventh century Bronze, leather. Length 45.0 cm Bronze. Length 4.7 cm, diameter 2.1 cm West Transbaikalia, lower reaches of Poltava valley of the River Ulatai Iron. Bit: length 17.8 cm;

psaliy: length Late fourth to fth (rst quarter) Gold, vestiges of bronze, glass.

Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Mongun-Taiga Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Sagly burial the River Selenga Entered the Hermitage Museum in Expedition by A.D. Grach 14.8 cm century A.D Two hemispherical plaques: diameter burial ground, mound VIII, ground, mound 25 Found as part of a treasure trove in 1914;

casual nd, Sayano-Altai, Tuva. Sagly burial Gold. Dart length 50.0 cm, grivna 3.6 cm, height 2.5 cm;

four gured Excavation by A.D. Grach, Excavation by A.D. Grach, 1961 Niuki village, 1853 348. Graven image ground, mound diameter 17.0 cm ones: length 3.7 cm, maximum width 359. Coating of a wooden Excavation by A.D. Grach, Perm Region, village Muslimovo. 3.3 cm, height 3.2 cm;

one gured belt Eighth to ninth century 332. Quiver 325. Belt set 340. Stick with a runic legend vessel consisting of seven parts Destroyed grave tip: maximum length 6.0 cm, Stone. 45.0 х 17.0 х 6.0 cm Eighth to ninth century Eighth (second half) to ninth century 318. Clasp for fetter tted together Eighth to tenth century Casual nd, 1895 maximum width 4.0 cm, maximum Sayano-Altai, Tuva, Bai-Taiginsky Bronze, leather.70.0 х 25.0 cm Wood. 16.0 х 1.4 cm height 2.2 cm Seventh century Л И Т ЕРАТУРА Акишев А.К. Искусство и мифология Гумилев Л.Н. Хунну. М., 1960. в Поднепровье по свидетельствам скифской культуры // Археологический Кузнецова Т.М. Этюды по скифской Руденко С.И. Культура населения Хазанов А.М. Роль кочевников Azarрay G. Some Сlassical and Near истории. М., 1991. античных письменных источников // евразийских степей в истории военного саков. Алма-Ата, 1984. Горного Алтая в скифское время. М.;

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