, , ,

<<


 >>  ()
Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 9 | 10 || 12 |

XXXII, 1 1965 ...

-- [ 11 ] --

-. -. .

.4, 1. 1927 (. .-).

. . , -. . ,. . . , 1961 (4^. -JsLlL'r&).

-. . , -. . , -. . , 1958 ( ^ 3 2 1 1.

-. . . . 4, 2. 1930 (. .$ # . - -. -, . - - . . 2 (Ǹ- -. . . , 1958 (.. - ^&$..

-. - - . , 1959 . ##:11 & ).

-. . . 1. , 1961 (8'8. ifeiS).

-. . .

. 7, . 2. , 1941 ( . -H -. . , . -. -. - . -. . 2, 16. -. . 1922 (|.

-. . . 1-4.

1886, .. ( * * . .

. . . 1, 2. , . . . 1-15 ( . . , , . . . 1. , 1957 ( ' 1 ! * *, '̫5*1. &).

. . , . . , ' QAHV*m&nmzm% ( ) . , 1964 (^. ).

. . . . 2. , 1901 (.

-. . . 1-2. , - . , 1959 (''.).

-. . , -. . , 1955 (6.

- . , 1959 (^).

- - ( -). . .

, 1960 ( * . -).

. . . 1-10. , 1956 ()~. #&%).

. . . 1958, - . . -. , ( ). . . . 1901 (.

-. - . , 1958 ( . . , 1906 {. .).

. () . (.

. . . . 20, 5 (Mlf . ^..*. - % -. . . 1956, 1 (-- ^ -. (). . 1957, -. . , **#* -. . . 9. (. ).

-. . , 1958 (. Ǩ1).

-. . , 1957 (^. ).

- - ( , ). , 1935 (.~..

-. , . , -. . , -. . . 1. , 1946 (.

-. . . . . 2.

, 1948 ( . ^ * #. - ).

-. . , ( ) . . , 1924 (flEJti.

).

. . , 1958 (. ).

-. . , ) My. . , 1968 (.

-. . , 1955 (;

5&. ).

-. () . . 1, 2.

, 1954 (. & % -. . , . . , ( ). , . . . . 1, 3. , 1931 (. S t l f e * % * . 22 . , 1939 (- ~ + -. . . 1961, . . , ).

-. . , 1948 ( ^ .

-. . -. . 1. *1* -. -. .

1920. . 1, 1 ( * # & -. -. . . . . . 1-8.

, 1958 (1~%).

- - ( ). . , 1936 ( f t # ^ d ^ ).

- ( ). , 1959{^^.^').

- ( ). . -.

. 1, 2. , 1957 ' ).

- ( ). , 1962 {, -).

-. . , 1931 (J85HS?- '^).

-. . , 1936 ( . - ( ). .., 1902 (. .).

-. .

. , 1957 (&.

-. . . 1954, -. . .

. 10. 1955 (. ft'Mlilft - &).

-. . , 1956 ( R $. ).

-. -. , 1957 (-. ).

-. . , . . . * & * *. - 81).

. . . 1936. . 1, 9 (&..%.%&&!.. - # # t k # ).

. . , ( ). . , . . -. , . . -, -, -. , 1957 ( 1 *. -. ^-- $.&).

. , . , , - [, 1936 . 32 .] ( * $ # ;

* * 1 ).

. -. . 1. , 1926 (. ).

[] [ , , - ]. - . 40. , 1947 (5tlE . . 130 . . 1-6. , 1959 ("]. JEIE).

( .). 40 . , -. . -. . -. . 1. , 1963 (.

-. 1833 . , 1957 ( # J E .

-. . , . , 1957 (&. &..).

. . , 1955 (%. ).

-. () . -. 1935, . 3, 1 ($\.

#$*. - W).

-. -. , ).

-. . , 1955 (. .

-. - . , ).

- (.). , , , . . 1. , -. . , 7 - 1 54, 83, 89, 221, 232, 240, - 18 254,265,275,300,302,305,316,318, it$. 324 332, 347, 350- - 340 ,, f %^ 77 76 - 57, 274, 276, 298, 341, - %%) 316 - 83, 99, 222, 252, 78, 79, 83, 114, 118 302, 314, 15, 27, 49, 83, 84, 89, 91, - - S f t # & 89, 91, 221, 109, 110, 149, 223, 228, 235, 247, 251, 222, 224, 242, 253, 284, 285,290, 295 253, 262, 263,282, 293, 295, 300, 303, 297, 299, 315, 316, 318, 322, 328, 331, 304, 316, 323, 324, 326-328, 330, 331, 349, 334,335,341,351, - 91,222,223,230,284, - 258 299,318^325, - 90,224,334 "^^ g gj g 84,250,251,348 304,318, - 353 - 1 226, 253, 278, ?""- ? ?

1 10 ^ 279, 281, 290, 293-295, 308, 313-315, 0, _ ,,,, Coy SWsC 90 224, 284, 310, 340, CyirJU^ 352 54, 83, 127, 223, 227, 286, & 83, 90, 288, 308, 312,345,350, 352 - % 235,283-, 284,299, 325 ع 88,235, 313, 318 "" * ^ - # - ** 297, 322, 350 1 mH.u3U 291,316 241,273, - - - ^-خ. 224 278, 281, 289-291, 313, 333, 341, - - 84,250,251, 348 - 296 -- 1$80 - ? 91,223,235,349,351,352 - . 352 - - - % 224,277,340 - # & 13,15,49,54,56,83,84, /-* 1 89, 92, 99, 149, 230, 251, 256, 332, , 351 334-337 352 90,91,93,113, - # # 348, 352, - tRAtt 234,235,253,296,341,349 - - . - 354 90, - - ^ 354 ***. 28, 29, 31, 32, 34, 36-39, '- * * * * 13 4 59, 67, 77, 228, 233, 240, 250, 257, ^ - 5 5 ~*9' 9 1 ' " 1 0 2 ' 1 0 6. 1 0 9.

259, 261-268, 270, 277, 290, 291, 293, 2 2 1 ~ 2 2 4. 232-237, 239, 241, 294, 296-298, 303, 304, 307, 314, 315, 2 4 5 2 4 7 2 4 9. 2 50, 252-257, 259, 323 325 328 309,312 0, 263-268, 272-274, 277, 283-286, - 91,93,235,241, 288-291,293-295,297,298,300,307, 253, 296, 297, 317, 349, 351, 352 310-312, 315, 318-323, 325, 326, 332, - 242 353, - - &^ 286, -- 281, 288,289 . 55,222, 230,231, - 301 235, 36 foHb - 49, 83, 85, 87, 89, 231, AM 15,38,45,49,83,87, 236,278,279,281-283,292,303,304, 91,110, 225-228, 230, 244, 245, 253, 3 26 337 262, 277, 281, 283, 297, 300, 301, 304, ^jg 3 5 305, 312, 315, 318, 320, 326, 328-330, ^ j f 2 332-337,350,352 4 9, 5 4, 8 3, 8 6, 8 9, 9 1, - % 56, 7 g 2 2 2 2 2 4 ) 2 2 5 ) 2 46, 256, 261, 263, 15, 49, 89, 91, 110, 215, 280, 281, 285, 288, 300-308, 315, 235, 276,297, 339-341 317, 321, 322, 327, 330, 331, 335, 353, 223,226,238,239,247, 248, 271, 276, 298, 310-312, 314, 320, - ? 322-326,330 66,272,311, 83,259,314,315,317 - 1## 330 - - - ^ 221 ^ ^ ;

fcg$ 2 5 6, 2 - - fr#&i:& 100, 231, 242, 250, 263, 276, 278, 279, 283, 289, - 242,244,249,265,272, 292,295,298-300,306,307,310,317,,. _ ^, ,. 321 327 328 330 337 4-& 44,66, V * 2 5 5 ' 2 5 6 ' 2 6 . 2 6 5 2 6 90, 91, 93, 305, 328, - 349 2 - 4'Jt 83,309 - - # J#3E 288 - - # ^ 33, 49, 69, 95,% 83, 230, 253, 264, 281, 284, 350 - - # # - - . . ..

1 2 - ts 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 & 7 - S - 9 - mz - 10 - - 11 - fI - 12 - i fx - 13 - in - (-) 14 - * - 15 - 1) - 16 - - ^ I 17 - f + 1753- - 18 - i^W 1720- 19 - i*T 1691- - 20 - 1666- - /J\Ep 21 - + ' ** 1649- - 22 - 1637- - 23 - $ Q 1562- - 24 - -i I 1549- - 25 - + 1534- - 26 - mz 1525- - 27 - f 1506- - 28 - 5$ + - 1490- 29 - - . . ..

1465- 30 - - mm - % 31 - 1433- Ч - 32 - %. + 1408- - * 1401- 33 - -,', ^ 1373- 34 - /hZ, -,', 35 - 1352- - & 1324- 36 - - 37 1265- - 37 - 1258- - 38 - 1225- %$ - 38 - - |D 1219- 40 - - ^ 1198- 41 - - 1194- 42 - 1191- - 43 - 1154- 44 - () * - ~$C3L (1027-1025 . ..) g - g l (1024-1005 . ..) - $IJ - ^ (1004-967 . ..) ( /u |) (966-948 . ..) - Bg (947-928 . ..) - $g - f?( R) 8 (927-908 . ..) - IS - | 2 !

(907-898 . ..) ( ?) (897-888 . ..) - g $ ^ - ^ (887-858 . ..) - 31 ^ (857-842 . ..) - 21 - ^fcifO 841-828 . ..

( ) 827-782 . ..

?

- ]|[ -^^ - 781-771 . ..

(- g g ) 770-720 . ..

- ". - * 719-697 . ..

# - f t 696-682 . ..

- ( 681-677 . ..

- - ^ - 676-652 . ..

(/ ) 651-619 . ..

- - 3 : - 618-613 . ..

( / -) 612-607 . ..

- | 606-586 . ..

- 5 585-572 . ..

- ( * - , 841 . .. .

| - ?ttt'll - ;

571-545 . ..

( - ^.^) 544-520 . ..

- ^ .

- t^3E 519-477 . ..

? ( j ) - fSt3E t - 7:

476-469 . ..

( ^ ) 468-441 . ..

/ i - ^.

441 . ..

- - ^ ^ - [ 441 . ..

-,

- JH3E 440-426 . ..

- # 425^102 . ..

^ -- g!J^ft(3E 401-376 . ..

- ?.

S 375-369 . ..

- !{ 368-321 . ..

^ - | 320-315 . ..

-- fUJgiE ^ - #631 ? 314-256 . ..

- 34) - 106,167,284 - ffiUff 347 . (BoddeD.) 38,39,73,115, - *(. 209 - h i - * 332,354 - ^ 180,193,303, 105 - .. 65,70,251,252 . . (Allen .) 70,240 .. - () i E ) 209 - - 238 ) * - i{& 205, # 76, 27,28,30,31,34,36,37, - - 170, 49, 54, 56, 59, 75-77, 79, 80, 92, 118, - # 171, 119,122,240, " 91 - \ 166,282 31& - 166,282 $ - ^ 166,282 - # 71,73,74, - 89,90,201-203,331 - 1 ! 18, 19, 226, 231, - t t f 176-178,184,188,297, 281-283,290- 319 - ~& - -/& 88, 183, 187, 188, 191, 192, 1 # 30,32, 291,309,322 - 1 | 72,76,79, - 197,326 281, . (Biot E.) 326 - " 279 251, (Bishop) 300 207, . (Blue .) 41 - HfcW. - \{ 47, 111, 144, 147, 158, 182, - 1 87, 248,273,306,307,338 - - 201-203,206 - 1 ^ 87,183, - \ 244 - 244 1 57, 81, 274, 276, 298, - (-) U & 92,213, 214, 340 341, 351, - fftT 60 - & - \ 88,192,322 - T.1S.1B - it\ 58,195, 324 237, - ], 145,151 .. - {( 81,89,201,203 .. 73,250,300, Bo- 9 87, 170,290 - % 243,246,281,287, - &* 172,291 293,298,301,307,314,320,325, % 285 . 209 - IE Si 319, & 166,282 - I&3L 222 - 333 - 91, - J&& 209 -^ - & 190 - 6) -() $ 1 ) 209 - 61, 116 . (GranetM.) 236, ^ 76,231,324 - ?*1 190,319 - - & 5 107,180 - . 175, 177, 178,297 183 293 305 # 41, 225, 235, 256, 282, ^ 100 ', 141-143, - Ի 322, 324, 330, 338,352, 326, 327, 269 _ jgjdjpj 6 6 7 3 7 4 2 2 2 2 4 - X I 89, 106, 107, 128, 182- 251255257258262268 184, 191, 193, 198, 200, 210, 297,, 2 g 7 3 0 7 309 313 325 298,305-310,320,327,329,342,352 f! ' Q ' ' ' ' ' ' - j t ^ 92, 111, 192, 200, 206, _ ' '^^ ' * " b " y ^ , .

207, 244, 304, 322, 329, 333- Tvi;

nl 4. 1 - - f t 278,348, - % 96, 122, 123,257 4י # # 20-5 D - i T 295,306 Lrt, fin - - * 225, 351 ^- 17 - J C * 150 - & 187, - ^ - * - 139,145,237,273 - m m g 108,208 - ^fSfP 328, # 347 - 1 196,197, f ( f 352 - 1 137,138,140,226,234, 92 235,242,244,245,287,306,346, * 164,278 - & 107,180,182,303- 205 & - 135, 136, 143, 148,231, 14 - & * 51 52 58 61 63 69 96 "* (") ^ (*') 180 ^ 105, 174 294 ^ ^ _183, ^^^1802 fro-r;

T/iTo*28?' ^ S l 224 304 - 1 200,331 1 5 0 1 5 1 ' 2 3 5 ' 1 0 0 ' 3 8 ' 1 4 1 0 0 1 3 81 ^ !%, 148,244,274 &1.25% - * 1 % 85, 103, 144-146, 151, ^ ^ 1 167, - 174, 158-162,169,247-249,273,274, . 98,99 - 205 - - - 3: 195, - - #4|6 19,24,25,35, - XZ, 282,284 38, - ^ 244 - * 226 t 144 145 ' 151 ' 152 ' 160 ' 162 ' - 5 ? 175,178, ^ ffid i ' ' _ -. 24 . (Dubs .) 53, 73,77,95,300 ^ 3'53 ' - f t l 127. & 169 209,338 - JiiE 197, - X 305,306,333. ^,9?

- * " 137, 141, 144, 148, 161, ^ ^ 22g - ^ 197,327, - () ) 208,337. g $ - () t ^ ^ ( i S ) 207, 336. ^ ^ g6 g ? i 5, 167-170,284, - ^ i 175,283,295,297,319 289 - () 99, 135, 136, 148, 166,. 2 8 179, 221, 229, 231, 233, 250, 280, - - f f 283,294,306 - % - ^ 283 - U S 348, - 193,283 - ^ - ^ | 143 - 210 - 201, - " 209 - 171,284,290, - 207 - # ^ - 5 ^ 208,315 Tlli 301 90 ع 84, 224,226, 338, & 330 () . 69, 86, 166, 171-174, 177, ti^ 244,337 178, 184, 187, 189, 202, 280, 292, .. 65,73, 105 293, 295, 296, 298, 300, 306, 310 ' 41 312, - ع 290, 300 M 163L - 328 - 204, - ع& 60,90 - & 187, - 42,43 - . (Duyvenduk J.J.) 51 - - 76 - 38 - F R - 3*& 255,258,265, - . 265 .. - 92 (jager F r } M - ^ 167, - & 167,285 f% . - - (3 321 - ffl4 - S l ^ 198 ffl^S 94 - I 88, 191, 192, 200, 243, - Tli 345, 350 321, - ' 197,326 - . 88, 187,283,294,314 - ^ 32 - . 209,338 - 108, 197-200, 202, 327 . (Karlgren .) 225,236,253, - $ 267, 271, 273, 277, 278, 286, 294, 300,312,349,351 - 164, . (Kierman F.) 64 - ' 206, 207, 334, 229 - ^ 253 " - 32,34- & 71 $ 73, B.C. 74 ^ 24,25,40, .. 14, 65, 73, 122, 277, 310, - 134, 341 $ # 38,42,92,115, (-) ?LT 13,20,45, - ) 105, 292, 54, 56-59, 81, 99, 123, 148, 165, 178, $ 208, 222, 250, 262, 302, 308, 337, 338,348,352,354 - $ 19,31,42,43,74, .. 275 76, . (Creel H.) 76,83 - $ 105,301,302, .. 34,61,65, 70, 73,95,117 - (-) ( * ! 91, . (Crauford R.) 65 - & .. 73, 105,224,250 . - - - g l l 207 - 174, 126,144,146,161,248,249 231,347 Bid 262, - 54,231,233,236, - . 282, 242, 256-258, 265, 267, 268, 274, () 275,283,286,290,293,294,311,325 - % 239,350 - * - 224,240,245,257, - 178,187,299, 260, 265, 272, 274, 285, 287, 298, 34,95, 302,305,315,323,351 - II1? . - - ?L 126,164,278,283 . ? 88 ft 144,146,147, - & 285 - ٱ % 204,333,347 - 52 20,21,37,69,96,120, 121, * 353 % 1 6 204 115 15,32, - ^ 43,338 Sift 15,56,81,93,307, -() 5. () 209,210,338 - . . (LeggeJ.) 233-236, 240, 241, - $ & 72,74,85,119, 246, 247, 253, 258, 271,273,277, 312 347 +#1 79,281,339, - ^ 92 - S T. 325 - () S ( i i ) 108,210-216, - gXJs 96,122,123,325 339- - & 76,262 - - {1 - 309,310,334 - ! - *g#Ff 286 - 188, - ^ 197,326 - - 13,14,32 282 . (Needham J.) 279, - . 72, 73, 243, 247, 276, 281, 282, 288, 292, 295-297, - * - * 299, 304, 310, 312, 313, 316, 317, 319, 320, 323, 326, 327, 329, 330, & 335,336,339,340 60 - () 223, 225, 232, 235, 246,249-351, 214,340 - 237, 240, 254, 258, 264, - 309,320 - # - 244 - & g 347 * **& - tf) 335, 337 71 231, / J s t 5 r i * 7 1 - 2 3 1 2 9 - * - ?# 304 .. 255 .. 65, - % 187 - . 97,98 - 86,105,106,127,172, A. (Maspero A.) 225 173,178,224,280,292,293, 277 . ;

gj 223, 345, 349, 7& 73, 251, .. 65, 70, 73, 262, 263, 282, 299, 303, 309, 313, .. 318,322,328 - - 347,353 7 105,166, 281, 282 - 1 203,204,206, 331, - 80 - & Mo- 285 - - - 243,278 315 .. 65, - 109, 192, 195, 196, 322, . (PokoraT.) 41, -326 14, - 89,91,111,112,207, 333 4 0,66, 72, 225,251, - !5 336 - . - - ^{ 297 - . 144,245, 108,208, 23,92 - .. - ? 13, 39, 237, 242, 244, . 249,254,283-285,319 .. - &- 29, 30 - - Ϩ 182,187 164 . 9t 197 ! 56, j? 86, 87, 105, , 144, 145, 147, - 148, 151, 166, 167, 178, 231, 248, ) 16, 22, 23, 39, 40, 280-283 42,43,45, 74,75, 81,82,96, - Jtt'k 208 210, .. 73,105 () 18,29,38, - . 204 41, 66, 72, 224, 225, 228, 231, 241, 329,347 249, 253, 254, 313, 317, 340, 341, 209 348,349,351- 137,163,232 - t l 16,108,200,202,327, - 106,108,176,1-77, 329,330, 182,183,297,298,306-309 - * - 5. 204,205 - 1 135, - & 335 - $ 43,67, 133, 134,224, - 225,347, - -& 340 - & - 137 - - 137 '&& 72, 225, 232, 279, 296, 29 309,324,325,339, 105,301 - & - 297 - %. 221, 224, 230, - 121,175,295 244, - %-ifi 204 - ?7 - $ ( 182,307 - ^ 6 ] 345;

- # 322 - . ^ ;

# 354 .. 73,105 - 146, .. 225 - 3TL$- .. 70 211-213,339,340 - ? 39, 213 59-63 () 86, 164, 165, 167-169,180, 60,62,341 193, 201, 202, 226, 252, 273, 278, - - 333 279,285,288, 50 - RM& 42, - * 98,345,349 - 148,164,223, 190 - R^Ui 224, * 120 354 * S 230,231 + 163,277, - .91 325 . 141-143,148, - 1- 27,341 - () . ) 205-207,334 1 297 104, 148, 162, 165,279 - & 79, 111, 304, 333, 336, -,.. 209 - ر 86, 105, 166,281,283 - 58,61,63,64,67,69,71, - 144, 95, 119-121 - 5 290,291 - - . 210,338,340 - - $ 209,210 fE 204, - # 197,338 - %%% 38,123 204-206,333, - - ''& 113,210, - 'bi1 173,293,305 - -9- 79 - - /h-?" 173,293 - ' \ 348 - 2. 167, 1' 20,21 * 58, & 51, - 4-xL - % 83,124 % - / 171, J - \{\ 181,306 169, 177, 178, 183-193, 200, 210,.- XT. 183, 305 216, 238, 262, 299-301, 305, 308 - & 334 318,334, - & 183,309,310 - - 171,290 - - 111,200,210,229,333,339, - % 350 - X , 175, 295, 319 . ? 178, 190, 299, - 182, 187 . ^ 16, 17, 22, 24, 27, 33-35, 58, - Xii 181,306 68,76-78,115, - 163,277 ., g-y 86, 87, 106, 173, 174, 229, - 171,290-292 284,290,293, - Xt$_ 221, 226,345, 349, 350 . =& 174, - 170 . (Watson .) 29,46,61,64,65, - 86, 105, 106, 170,290 68,70,71,73,76,79,117,251, -* 181 . () 1 171 172 73, 225, 228, 229, 233, 243-245, 248, ^ 285 ' ' 254, 256, 278, 282, 286-288, 290, ' s S 299, 309, 310, 3.3, 318, 320, 323, yJJ^gg 2 8 324, (-) 86, 104, 164, 165, . 1^4,183,185, 167-170, 172, 278, 284, 285, 287, .- 288,292 ( ) 166,226 - 136, 335 - 5 ^ # S 262, - 23 - .% 105,298 - 47,101,224, - 190 229, 243, 246, 276, 278, 292, 293, - Wfj 206,335 305,316,327,329, - 33,164,180 W% 92 - . - .? 109 227,236,278,281, ft 347 - | 324,328 - ^ # ^ 5 66, X 29 - 204, 206, 332, - $.() 98,99,230,235,308, - ' 204-206, 209,262, 345, 346, 349-353 - % 137,140,159, 235, - 88, 195,196, 325, 347, 353 % % 33,244 - | 206,335 106,173 # - + 176,182 - .

, 345,346 - . 210,334, - % 295 - () ( ) 204- - /S 134,228 - & 209,262, 32 - * - 273 - - 180, Si R 7 2 8 1 8 2 ' "" - ' Z8^ Y A * - j b = , 1 1 , 4, - ??* 144, - I f i F T 93, 118, 242, ' , ' _ W 243 341 349 137,163, v u s i w -7 - 86,171,172,291, 5*jffi 277, 278 -i 333 - ^ - * * 301 314 ^ #, - fe^* 301 -5 : 277,278 - - fe# 304 . (HalounG.) 53, - 7, , 144, 151, 152, . (HaenishE) 169, 179, 180, 182, 198, 222, 231, 302,303,305 - & 178, - J a T M 2 - 9. - 116 234, 235, 237, 240, 246, 197 247,258,266, - 1 iffljg 255, - 233, 253, 286, - - . 287,301 # 20, ffi^Sf 204 - 105,166, - 345 % , 4, 330 - jfffl - ^ 30 ^- - * 28, 33, 53, 97-100, 112, 87, 104, 164, 168, 169, 278, 285 125, 126, 133-135, 148-150, 188, 221-224, 226-230, 235, 250, 251, $ 87, 306,316,348-351,353 f& - 1& 58 148,180, 229 ' (-) 145,160,288 78, 79,93,94, 114,116, - - &. 192, 322, l i t 324 - 1 ? - frflg 181,306 223,303,346, - . 244 lS 184, - 335 . 284, - $ 244 179,231, - & 54,63 199,200 197, - () ) 208, 337, 338 - 58, 59,101, 302, - () .() 208, 336, 337 314, 323, - 1 37,43,75,76,319 - .. 207, - 141 - 42,43,51,58,115 - 166, 164,278 - ^ - & 82-84,93,250 - & # 272 - & 135, - :. 27,347,352 # 107, 108, 126, 145, 147, 148, 179, - :.)& 210,339 180,234,246, 288 161-163, 175,276,277,279,295, Uj 39,85,221,222 - 1 174 # - ' 172,292 - 177, 178, 184, 188, 189, - WIZJ 171,172,291-293,298 - ^1 176,177,183 - . - .% 172 - * - -^ 294 - * - 173,294 -,fH 135,228- - 174 () 90-93,110,112, =$ 148, 166,178 - . - ^ 333 - % - =? 79,93, 114 - * 16, 42, 51, 54, - " 217, 342 69, 70,81,84,93,94, 114-117, - ?& 333 - ffiff & 210, 211 32, 35, 72, 76, 241, 243, 216 277, . - * 88,270,316,318, - )\ 176,296 jffi 184, 180,303 - 4^ 215,216,341 - &. - 303 . 20, 27, 57, 87, 245, 164 253,264, U 291 - 231 - ^ 144, - 1 331 - * 135, . - - ^ i ! 217 - - 72 - & 288 - - %- 141 () 45,89,91, 107, 148, 165, . 223 177, 179, 180, 200-203, 205-207, 210, 211, 216, 217, 222, 226, 288, - 180 2 % 299 300 302 3Og;

310 92 332 340 313 (- ) , 176,181,182,297, ^ 208 ' 306, 307 ] - 105 166 281 ^ (.) # 175_178) _,87) - 135, 141, 150, 231 2, 6 2 9 5 _299, 301, 307, - f 135 ^ ^ , - 7S5fc 134,227 fHiiSt 311 . (Cbafley 279, 280, 300 ^ 8 9 ' 209 3Og 309 3 ( ^ - 72,254 319-322 - * * 32 - & 178, 183, 187 -, 92,91 2 0 0 2 1 ? S g 51..64 - W 86, 87, 105, 106, 309, (-) 233,300 313_3i5 317 60 ^ - * 239,300 - 212,214,2. j f 90 ^ g f j R 305 q^j^ ^ 3 5 S * 2 1, 55 ^(ff f ^ - ^1 94 - - * ^ W 18, 19, 31, 66, ^.^Jff ^ 8225238 245 25 2g ^ '^ ^ S 2922933,., ^ * -, - ^ 34, -^ * * 71 ^. ^ ^^ * | ? 28-31,33,75 * * 235 - 5 -,*.., -._ 7?* * ^ l 4. 6 ;

2 4 208, 336, ,|,, - % 2 - ^^?

#1 137 - 1 204, 206,207,333, ^ 2 ^ 01? 216 2 3 3 " 2 - () 192,322, " - 93 118 - ߱- - ^ 183, 187, 190, 191, 198- - 135, 141, 144, 148, .221'230'231'235-245' 200, 216, 309, 313, 316, 319, 320, 334,350 - %. 345, - 187,188,314 - frft 169, 45, 72 - # 87,171,290- - BgBJ 105,166,281,283 - 1 170, - fift 105 - * 163, - B S S I 111 - # . 38 - 5 169, |Hj 38 - ftl - M ^ S : 74 4%ffll 136,231,232,306 - fl)& - 5} 171 256, 258, 262, 267, 271, 273, 278, - Wlljfi 200,330 286, 298, 315, 321, 322, 325, 327, - W& 244 328,335,336,339,340, - 80 - () 201, 222, 262, % 205 288,292,299,310- - %\U 332,336 - f g # 176,178, - & 234 - . - ~ 88, 224, 238, 246, - j&J 148, 162, 257, 258, 260, 264, 269-271, 277, - * 287, 288, 290, 294, 298, 314, 315, (. 312,327, 351,352 - - 28 - '_& 223, 49,262 - 87, 164, 105, 166 - 144, 221, 229, 230, 231, - 1^- 337 - . 100, 133, 134, 169,224,288 - ^ - - 211 - ^ f f 275, - 91 - # 188, - ' 29,31,34,39,79 - 145,147,234 - 213,214, 144 - ^ 2 0 233 - . - - &!& 176,182,183,297 - - 141,242 - 175, & 347,353 - : 184,186-188, - . 178, 180, 181, 192, 200, - $. 216,320,321 - - 255 ^ - $.% 29 336, - 1& 49, 62, 86, 105, 106, 167- - 170, 172, 173, 178, 282-284, 287, .. 302,322, 288,290,292,295,299,300 $ - & 19,35,36 - . - )& 212 - - - 288 - 205-207,334, - 105, 225, 281- - . 284,287,290-292,298, 300, 301, 320 - 8 195, 121 - 238 - . 292 - 188, -ث ^ ^ 1 8 ^ ^ 45,58,62,63 - - * 71 20, 22, 93, 97-99, 107, 138 & 37,319 '. '49-151, 158, 160-162, 165, 166, 180, 188, 221, 222, 224, 231, . (Chavannes Ed.) 51-53, 70, 234-245, 247, 249-251, 254, 271, 76, 79, 83, 225, 228, 231, 232, 234- 273, 274,285, 237, 239-241, 244-247, 251, 252, 208,336 - 347, - 1 209 - - -f*-!1 225,279, - () $() 347,353 - ? 182, - # - & 60 - & 262 & - # 98, 99, 188, 222, 223, - 181, 230,235, 346,347, 349,351-353 - # - & 201,203,331 - & - tyf 201,203 irtit 286, - t l t l T. 210,339 - 171, .. 227,308,352 - 1 173, - 91,176,297,299 ^^ " - & 176, - | 236 * 115,221,222,225,230, . (Eichhorn W.) . 98,229,349 34,39,56, - . 58, 79, 92-94, 114, * - *1 349, 127 - * 29-31, - ftl 108, 200-203, 217, 330- - 4 332 - - 206 & 32, - 148,222,250 - '^. - W S 167 - - fl-ft 98 - 280, - ^ ? 91, 112, /13, 148 - # 213, 291 .. 73,225,236,242, 332 - 1S3:. - Ml - ifeiB 100, 133, 221, 226, - / c T t 92, 208, 351, - : : # - 1 i." 30, 257, 264, - 329, 224, 244,349, $ . 53, 93, 97-101, 107, 136- 20, 85, 99-104, , 111, 144, 147-151, 158, 159, 179, 188, 145, 147, 148, 150-152, 156, 158 222, 224, 230, 231-238, 240, 163, 165, 166, 169, 188, 222, 227, 245, 250, 251, 253, 273, 274, 239, 240, 242, 246, 248-250, 253 303, 255,258, 259, 270, 271, 273-276, 279, 288,303, - () 165,166,180,193, & 287 AUi 1 268 21, 1 8 268 260, 259, 260, 268, 275, 276, 302 210- & 263,283,293,300 . 185, 105,171,291,292 76,91,209,213,214,338,339, 350 205,206,314,329,332- * * * 259, ^^^, * 153, * 265 ^ t 261 [] * , 155, 157, 174, ?"^?5 180,266,270,295,303,304, & 202,225 " * 21 1? 4 ?04 ^ 180,181,304,317 , , ?* _ -,, ;

.,, - ^ 266 1 105, 167, 169-171, 173, 174, 280, ^ "J " , 283 882 2 ^? \f ^ 85,163,SI.56,264,268- S 276, 320 &153,157,259, 258 1 [] t f g d j 156,265,268, t t H 24, 54, 225, 241, 251, 264 269 266,268,269,304,308,311, S t t 281,283 Hff 346 itm 296 212,213, 296 & ^ 249 200, 203,205, 156 ^ 156,268 ^ 182, * 262 [] 3iMlU 156,268,270 Msi 264 320,337,338 .

316 ^[ 13 +1 264 fcjt 262 $ 307, f 188,316 % 236 142,236 & # | 165 210-213, 251 261 *| $ 209,338 & I g P 269,338 216, S f i l J 260 , 291,292 ^ 153, 156,268,269 ^ !S !iS^ ^ * 53,157, 259, * i j 153 293 152,156,257 " S J 156,269 . 211, ^ 264 | 162, ^288 ^ 211, [] ffiiU 258 "" 1, * " 1 0 g, 1 8 8 ' 3 1 "HmaH? * d ' 15 134,139,153,225,258 f!, * 55 67 7 3 - 1 0 1 ' 1 0 7 ' 2 8 0 ' & 216, 341 ^ ' ^ 270 1,, * 156,267 278, 283 46, 257, 264,270, 288 #ifg 20,94,162,165, 239, S1P 155,266 $ 24,134,149,225, tt4 217 g ^ 55,156,266, 283, [] % 156,270 259 263 ƹ 153,259 [] & 94,117, 258 ! 1 347, 155,266 30,241 S ˫ * 268 |[ # 268 341 # 259, 0 ^ * 135,230 () 116,141,142,203, $jzfc 103, 155, 156, 266, 269, 236,243,278,331, 270 ft 182,183,307 ftff 213,214, 156,270 197, Ч 241 - 147 183, 6 308 ? 213,214,340 154,234, 241,259,332 104,165,169,249,278, 266 261 . 261 4R5X 30 iglil 264, () 55, 88, 108, 189-191, 185, 203,216,217,320 $ 88,108,177,185,186,193, 268 298, J S * 153,258 # 137, V () * 154-157, 163, 182, & 189,201,207,263,269,270,297,331 9 1 20, 22, 238, 263, 278, 317, () 320,337,340,342 \ 13, 20, 188, 204, 320, 329, 332, 269, 337,354 156,177,183-185,269, 185,311 298,309, 307 ^ ' 116 SRdj 153,255,259, 175,177,186,296,312,315 / 155, ī H"1"^ J i 270,, 224,259,261,, ^?^ 263, 268 " mj 156 ITVH @l 27S 141,154,242, .7,.9 155.56 256, 340 .7.9, 155,.56, 347 - - .37 233, 266 i t # i u o. j t u J4/ 9 268, * 262 ^ 303' . 152,258 * 156 141,.42,243, 258, 345 ^^ ^ ^ '267 ^ 156, / N * 275 , ^ 1 155,156, 266,268, () /sic (H) 268 %WMK 157, ? 135,.56,230, *& 265 * 135, 213,214 155,264 225, 1 tt \ 152, 181,256 "" ^ 255,258 ? ^ 242 ^ 7 18 13 185,311 7 153, 154, 157, 259-261, 319,320 243 () & . 267 & JRTK 296 ffif 20 s.it W 314 B t f g g i b 260,268 & 260 162,204,275, 332 185,311 258,259 : 20,153, 153,156,260 ] 20, 120 156, 157, 263, 268, 270, u H:fe 155, 156, 241, 264, 266, # 269 67,68,101,102,145, HHill 267 ' = 1 189,318 165, H g 215,216,338 i S 169,287 * . 153,260 jjli 200,201 !ffi 156,270 171,291, & 304, 305,308, 317, 320, 331 " 292 Wffi 320 Jffillj & 324 WM 155,263,278 155,156,265,268,269 & 120, * 156,267 IR () [) 171,291 104,293, 157,264,0, 0 91 IM Xft ill 156,256,268, C ^ m a ^ V l h 352 * d j 156,268,269, 178 ?1* () 4&* () 169, * ( ) 2 2 '2 3 ' ^ ' 1 2 6 '2 0 4 ' 268 ^ * 264 ' 7. 225, 231. 258, 259, 265, 283, 336 323,332, Sill 126,231,268 %. 252 ;

152,200, 21,22,230,261,262, |1 () 156,256, 264,265,311,351 335 mmuj 152,256 , 183, 183, $ 189,318 [] [ ] 20, 108, 183, 190, 191,217, 5. 157, .* 155,157,266, 265 ' ft) ¨ . 154-156, 1 MUJ 161 34 36 49 58 67 70 73 81 () 259 * ' - ' - ] 156,157,268,270 209,211-214 216, 338- 318 [] Mtt.& 154, 156, 260, 262 263 65 269 27 3 322 - 106,170,289 ' ^' ' - . v 302 256, % 5 [] [ ] 108,217,317, * & 293 * * 256. 270 JOMdl 268 4126,231,328,339 2 7 Jk 2 2 2 6 4 2 6 SSST^iir ^ ^cttlll 256 -^ 03sP 6S 152,156,256, * - * * 20,225,24,, 249,261, 34 60, 306 261 , 54 206, 260,298 156,264,268,269, 303 * i l j 126, 155, 189, 231, 264, ) 270 351 214, 260 ?ft^ 270 261 *? 24, 97, 103, 126, 140, 149, Kill 267 153, 154, 157, 169, 231, 241, 259 261, 268,270,288,292,323, 206 # 283 225 24, 52, 97, 103, 126, 142, 156,268,269 152-157, 169, 172, 174, 184, 185, 340 189, 201, 212, 231, 236, 256-259, 1 266 261,263,265-267,269-271,288, ft 142,243 ع 173,293 Alh 134, 242 155, 266 260 . 156,268,269 tnfjb 225,251,255,257,259, \ 134 263,268,283,296,302, ^ 216,341 ^ 266 154-156,261,266, % 267,268,270 * 127, 155, 157, 197, 266, %. 155,265 270, -& 156,269 13, 16, 109, 112, 203, 205 209,217,253,255,256, 209,296,332,334,335, 260, 263, 264, 268-270, 275, 278, & 283, 291, 296, 298, 308, 316, 317, 319,320,331,333-336,338-341,350 ^ 207,335 & 154,156,243,264,270 % 191, 207,335 ^ 103, 155, 156, 264, 269, 270 ? 153, 268 208, 126,154,156,231,270 203, tllii 261,268 )\\ 20, ir^K 152,256 154,261,268, t l * 257 1 1 ii9 1 - ;

"2 () * 350 ' ^ ^ * 155 265 l ^ 黻156, 266, IK, S S S 259 ? ^ 287 ,, i/i,, SOtS 175, ^ 3 3 0. 152, 155, 157, 180, 181, ^ 80, 94, 117, 152, 156, 257, 270 271 270 271 3 0 . 188,316 176,297 1 142, 270, 287 SiffiWi 339 jx (.) ^ 256,291,296 ffiK 262, 268 U- 260, 298,333 . 259,260, ^ 141, 152, 255,256,-263, 346 * 223, # 155,156,266 135, . 103, 126, 152, 153, 157, 156, 231,257-259,270, 288, 302 306, 322 207, ^ 268,270 iff u U ^ 268 263,264, ' 140,154,241,263,266, 188, 339 : 135,230, 1 266 ^ .

204 120, 188, 203, 205, 208, 215, 199, 200;

327, 216,221,222, 334, 335, 3*1 293 Z%- 94, . 297 . 165, 188, 278, 316 24, 134, 149;

225" =g 183,297 22;

55, 56;

60, 73, 81, 91, 266 198, 206, 209-217, 293, 307, 332, g d j 162 334,338,339, 1 152, 155, 156, 181, 183, . 201,256,266,267 188, & 155, 157, 180, 181, 266, 270, 303 %. & 265 265, 269 $ ,-? 153,258 % 156, 16, 49, 58, 67, 69;

73, 80, 81, & 155;

91, 102, 112-115, 1, 203, 207, 209- 217,222,335,338-341 1 156^ 308 L 261 20,260, .1. 188,243,316,320,337, 89 204-207,332,334- 347 104,283,291, ^ 185,311 ^ # 153, ^ ' - 4 ' 7 0 ' 1 1 5 ' 2 2 7 - 2 0 9 ' ' ' - 2 1 3 ' 263 3 0 6 ' 3 2 2 ' 3 3 5 ' 3 3 7 ' ^ 200,329, 267.1 260 ^ J * i l l , tfil, ffiiU 135,230 ^ /) 320, 337, & 19,20 120, 333 188, 208, 316, 332, 335, 337, 316 345,346, K1L . [] JSSX 316 ^ 154,155, 316 &. a 26, 20, 347 ^ 175 2 % aiJ I 156, 268,6 6, 8 5 2 8 3 3 1 ffi 152,357 [] ffitfeS] 186,281,293, ? 154, 157,263,270 ^ g : 296,312,317 307 . ^ 264,266 283, 1*ili 268 ffiir 105, 152,256,269 21, 23, 225, 241-243, 51, 209,213;

214, 338, 341 257, 259, 260, 263, 264, 270, 283, . 287,302,316,320,331,332, 24,249,255-268,270, 154, 253,263,264, 287, 291, 293, 307, 316, 318, 326, \1} 140, 150, 153,241,242, 328, 330 259, & 222 20,275 185, () =g 297 7% $ 164 &. &. 142,243 155,264, 21,185,230,265 212, $ 324 * 152, 329 154, Rfcffl 230, 256, 264-268, 276, # 60, 278, 283, 302, 303, 308, 311, 323, 152, 331,340, 316 S ٮ 137, 94,116 U S %& 137 234 [] WiTtL 24, 97, 103, 126, - 1 4 7 ' 1 4 9 ' 1 5 4 ' 1 5 6 ' 1 6 9 2 3 () 176 182 183 S.IK 1 02 0, 4,3, 260,261,264, 268-270,288, 311, 223 153,260, ^ 189 ^ ^ 162,216,267, &. 266,267 ^ " ^ ^ * 156, 230 Hi 268, 270 * 51, 188, 204, 205, 316, 333, 341, S U 268 . * 191,293, 319, 320, 182,183,242,307 jfcfll 152,257, 183, ) & 137 3 5 153,258 ' & 103,156, 278 268 ( ) [-] 4 ill 347, [-] Jj{X :


! # 182, - JgR -[-] & -[-] # & -[-] I l i l f t &. [-] JKlljR;

347, - 4 $$;

207, . 147, [-] S K [-] ^ 100, 145, 181, 194, 234, 249, &" -[-] H^AiPt 347 262,306, - % - ^cR - @3SK 16 161, -[-] Xfikfc ^ - () չ .M147.132.2S 153, * 107,180,181, 193,249, 323 [-] .& 100, 140, 146, 155, 241, 16 205-207 245,248, ( ) . 140,191 ( ) 140, () 61, 107, 111-113, 147, 180, 156,249,266, (* 181, 1 3 1 4 2 0 203, 205, 207, 9, 9, 0, 249, 266, 306, 323, 336 [-] 100, * ~ () 147,191. 3, - ?- % 21,46, 100,112,113, 145,194,249, 262, 260,262,323 -[-] -[-] 347 - ScR - & 178,306 [-] ) 165, . 319, - * ^ 178 ^ ) ^ 21,25,46,123,124, 106,226,307 1 5 S 134,181,226, [-] ? 168,285 -[-] 164,165,180, ^ 3 5 153 () 61, 100, 226, 304, - * R 291 [-] ^-] 100,163 -[-] 165 ;

"-* ^^ -^[-] --] 347, ! 147 ^ - & 279 -[-] ^ - 165,279 {-] ^ # 165, 111 - 165, f *g () [-] |$ֹ -[-] ^ 225,248 () } 147, ( ) 153, 191, 260, & 133, [-] ^ll 1 222, -[-] # 133, -[-] $?* -[-] & 347 -[-] -[-] ^ ^ [-] $ 303,326, - #[{ -[-] W S 165, -[-] 8 -[-] Wffi -[-] ^ J S S - |@ 165 -[-] W ^ 167,182, 224 - ^ -[-] # ^ 347 -[-] WMPt 166, / 147 -[-] W ^ l 125, [-] & 136 -[-] W6I50 3^Pih 147 -[-] ^ 163,165, - 165 -[-] () ^;

89, 183, 192, 195, -[-] WMBt 203,217,307,324,331, jt% () % 147,200 258, 25S - . 239 - & & , ( ) 272 - % 194, ( ) 204, 333 fa , 205, - - - 210 207,210,239,333, - & , - 139, 183,345,346 - - 47, 161, ea - 139, "fo ' " 117, 187, 225, - 316 ^ - IT'S' 143, ,, 1 - - ) - - ^,,1,,6 " " 6 0 - , 16|,. 1^ ' ,. 224, - QJfe 185 ffi () , 105, 1/. ^^^ , 133, 136, 145, 147, 151, 164, 166, 169, 170, 172, 175, 176, 180, 185- . 188,195,223,224,231,232,326 X - !$ - ^ 185 - - , , J25 198, 199, 203, 208, - ~ , 223 J ^...

- , ** , ~. 250. &, _,,.. j-.se 126, - 121, 226 ^ - ^ * && 223, ^. % ,, 134,151,164, w 191,320 /^ 1 - U4 320 320 1 JJj-- 145, - fMR - - 239 320 J - 'ɹ 195, - ( 196 ) - &^ 210 , 246 - - % 196 ^. - ظ. 296 296 126,139, &|$ (- 1 , 200, ) 296 ^ , % , - X* 350- 312 - %**? 237 ?

, * ? , - .

204 , 84 29, 45-47, 51, 58, 67, 92, $i , , - 110, 87, 98, 178, 222, 253, 282, 300, ٱ 199, 301,314,351 ( ) 353, 180, 245, ^ 354 ( it -

- 347, 345 ,1- 125 139 - , 126, 323 L% ' 157, ^. tlm., *, 146 ^ 121 ~/\ () & ) - 139, 233 /\ X ( X, , X) 163, 353,354 U , ^g . ^^ - % 126,247 . fa# , 243 , - j g f t ^ ^ 151,254

- X 347,353,354 , 3% R 152, 167, 169, 174, 177, )! 179,181,191,193,198,200,245,246 () 151,184,185, Ktfc 223 234,305, -4^^ 183,309 184,185,305, , - " , 188,315 nj| , _^_ Wi 146 145, 147, 239,323 166,184,185,305, 237 - .%. 243 UM 107, - , 79 157, 158, 160, 161, - 84,,, () ( ) , ^^ jqk q. -.- 198 =, -!: ] 126,, 205, 334 ^ , 181, 1 296 () , * . 159,318 , 100, 12. (- '^8, 140, 142, 145, 146, 150, 151, 2 3 6 2 3 9 2 4 3 ' 245 3 4 7 3 5 ) 226, 345-349, 353, 354 -1 , - 301,314 158, _ 150, 311 - "ZK , * 163,185, 275 11 - - . , , 229 ^.^ ^ , -^ * 167,285 ** - / 4* 173, ' - ^ - R 158,271,272,323 J^ J^ raMHbl 5* ^ , 121 2$ * ' fflffJ , - ^ ^ - 173,200, 212,213, 235 - "1 305 194, , 198 - Xifo -, -, - 5fc3E, 5fc-, 177,187, 5feM 300 ~ () 158, - 'J 4 A , , 160, 162, 165, 168, 172, 174, 175, , 243,246,286 179, 189, 191, 192, 215, 216, 237, 'h , , 345, 347, 246 - . , - ' , - 187, 347, 348, 353, 286 - 'hfr.f - XT' , () 229,286 141, 144, 148, 150, - \" , 197 157, 158, 162, 165, 169, 178, 190, . 199, 204,205,212,225,237, 259, , *^ " , "?. 3 1 296, [] %\ - - , , 192, W 126,174,226,247, 3j 195, 196, 296 - 215 E i g - 181, - . 143, " 4 ^ ( (), ) 139 - XT 203,204,210 247 ^ ^ ^ 145) m S^ - _ 23 2 2 1, 222, 318;


, - - ^ ^ () jpj 177,184,296,298 1 4 0, 5,159,195, $. 201, 203, ,,, , Sffi .... - ^ 1 195, $.

18, 22, 31, 33, 40, 41, 148, ' mJtt-... - 144 7 *** , 1 - , 144,*,,,, - ع 1 6 1, 3 2 tAi 347 -,--,.-, 0 Й' X , , * ^ 0 120, 125, 126, 160, 164, * 3*0 M T b " 168, 173, 174, 176, 185, 188, 189, 191 196 198 201 235 237 287 , 145 1 6 6 2 3 294^ 295,314, 345, 348, 350, 353, - % S P () 317 195,324, - ( - ) 197,200 , . 318 i ^ 3 , - Jl-ti?r 160,325 jf II 346 j. /- ^^,/, - , 185, ) , ^^ 203,223,332,^ , , ^ ism 164,278 (- ^ ^ ( ) 275 ^ , , - 103 * ( *) ( * ) , ^^.

226 216, 185' 6 黫 . - I ^... - %'. 203 . J.. - , - V , 313 ^ ^ ? T L " ^ " 201, 20J 206, 336;

- ^ ft 2 0 ? - ^ ^ fe ( ), ^ 223,239,323,347 - ^ f f i ^ ffi ( ) ( ) 202 ^ - 205 .

^ ^ feflb ^ Hn, IIPHH ?/;

?

157, 158, 194, 271,272 - * * 145,180,193,246 "_ :- , , - *" ^ 184,310 - W-" , 266 , 135, AJWH 351 ^ , - 314 - . 314 - . . 314 . , - tl$k 147, 158, 194, ( ) 188,207,209,214, 195,249,271,272,324 159, - ^. , 274 () , 188, - ^ 158 ^ 187, , -...

. 79 * 3IABKJB 7 -fj|..J-,., 4, - 1^ 1^ 7LI 167,..,*... 146,, _* - tcj^r , - , ^, ^ ^^^^ 318 14, 50, 60, 81, 98, 106, , , 9,33 ,5,, 200,223, , 167_173, ? 6, 7 g 1- fl[ 239 182-186, 188, 190, 191, 197, 198, - & ,0 2]5 2, 2( 203 207 209 139 - 2-3 2 5 9 26Q 2 7 6 2 9 223 - 239 JQ* 3 J J ' 3 J 3 ' 3 2 Q ' 3 2 ^ ' 3 2 9 " 33 ^' - ffi% , ,, / /- ' J JO, J1O, J4 I.., _ 184, - ffi-T" _^ ISi!^ , - 1? \ $ , , 2 3 2, 2 7 3 3, 3 4 ^ , ^ 3 0 139 , . ,ٱ , 271, 198,203 242, - t^-fE 352 , - 158, 226 .: 173, - - 293 , 142,143 & 199 . , , , - 152,160, 254 - jEfc Jx , , 229 ( , 144, 10 , 100 ) 229 , , - $ 144 167, , & , 224,246 - ffifyt , 100 & . , 160, , , 334 199,242,243, , irr V-& x w 125, 232 160, 168, 187,226,287, 295,314 ' ^ ^ ^ ^ R & - 198 243, -. 186 - "? . 205 , - _hdr - 328 | 187, "' 25 6 , - $ 1 8 - 177,184,298 - . & 199 W 126,134, R 299 fflii , 191,320 , , 145, - 7 158,182,246 # 31 146, . 44,45,47,67,69, -- & , OjjR, ( 185,311 ) 168, - 4 ~- - , ;

247 243, ' -- -

47, 67, 69;

, Mlou 149,252 ^ &. 306 g ) | g , 158,194,271, 232, 274 , 200, SUMMARY The book is a reproduction of the first volume of Ssu-ma Ch'ien's Shift Chi, published in 1972 (Moscow, "Nauka" Publishers, Department of Oriental Literature).

Several additions have been made to the initial text: two reviews, introduction with a portrait of R. V. Vyatkin;

moreover, all the supplements have been re-edited by A. R. Vyatkin and S. V. Kiryukhina.

The work presented to the reader is the first volume in the Russian translation of the "'Historical Records" compiled by Ssu-ma Ch'ien, a Chinese historian of the pe riod 13586 before our era. These chronicles (Shih Chi), the earliest comprehensive history of China from antiquity until the first century before our era, are of the utmost importance as a landmark in the development of ancient Chinese historiography. They consist of one hundred-and-thirty chapters and fall into five sections: twelve chapters of "Basic Annals" (Pen chi), ten chapters of "Chronological Tables" (Piao), eight chapters of "Treatises" (Shu), thirty chapters on "Hereditary Houses" (Shih chid), and seventy "Biographies" (Lieh chuari).

The composite method employed by Ssu-ma Ch'ien in throwing light upon the history of his country results in a many-faceted picture of the epoch;

historical per sonages are presented in high relief, and the lives and struggles of the many peoples inhabiting ancient China can be followed. The vivid imagery and vigour of the lan guage, the colourful descriptive writing in the biographies place the Shih Chi among the foremost literary prose works of that time.

The first volume of this edition includes articles by M.V. Kryukov on "Ssu-ma Ch'ien and His 'Historical Records'", by R.V. Vyatkin on "The Basic Annals as an Historical Source" and translations of the first four chapters of the Shih Chi, with commentaries. In the Appendix, the reader will find a translation of a chapter from Ssu-ma Chen "Three Rulers", the necessary referential and bibliographical material (indexes of terms, geographical names and persons, and a list of the books that have been used).

M.V. Kryukov's article on Ssu-ma Ch'ien and his "Historical Records" aims at a general description of the Chinese historian's work and the problems arising in the course of its study. Basing his researches on the available data the author describes the historian's life and work.

In the examination of these chronicles, as in researsh on every ancient literary monument, questions of the authenticity of the existent text are of essential impor tance. It is generally considered that about the middle of the first century before our Summary era, the historian's grandson, Yang Hui, discovered a manuscript of the "Historical Records", written by his grandfather. Another copy of it apparently was found in the palace archives. In the course of centuries, the "Records" underwent considerable textological alteration. Contemporary historians consider that at least twenty interpo lators must have worked on the annals, and as a result, it has proved extremely diffi cult to establish the original authentic text. This has been further complicated by the fact that no boundaries exist between the text by Ssu-ma Tan (the historian's father) and that of Ssu-ma Ch'ien himself, and also the numerous identical passages that figure both in certain chapters of the "Historical Records" and the "Early Han His tory" by Pan K.u. The author of the article, M. V. Kryukov, concludes that the suc cessful use of the composite method in determining the authenticity of the text requires not only milute chronological analysis but also the employment of other criteria.

A characteristic feature of Ssu-ma Ch'ien's work is the fusion of different princi plesbiographical, thematic and chronologicalin the presentation of his material.

The synthesis of an immense number of sources permitted him to give a very full ac count of China's history for over a thousand years. The "Historical Records" were founded upon old manuscripts, legends, verbal traditions, folk-tales by different peo ple, personal impressions of travelsall creatively presented by Ssu-ma Ch'ien.

He did not write his history simply to impart information about a bygone age, but to help people to draw conclusions from the past, "to perceive, as in a mirror, their own worth, and their own shortcomings". The forms of historical criticism that Ssu ma Ch'ien resorts to are varied, as the writer of the introductory article points out;

his attitude to the personage described is indicated by the placing of him in some par ticular chapter, in the remarks made about him by other persons, and, finally, by the historian's own opinions in the summaries to the chapters.

The article entitled " 'Basic Annals' as a Historical Source", by R.V. Vyatkin, is devoted to the chapters in the first and second volumes of the Russian edition. The first division of the "Historical Annals" (Pen chi) consisting of twelve chapters, is not merely a chronological account of outstanding events and the genealogy of rulers;

a broad historical background is given, a general picture of China's history, in which all the divisions of the "Historical Records" are linked up.

In his examination of the authenticity of the Pen chi text, and juxtaposition of various data, the author inclines to the conclusion that the eleventh chapter is genuine, while the contemporary text of the twelfth chapter is not authentic. The "work" of all sorts of commentators and copyists of the "Basic Annals" is best demonstrated by the interpolations they made in the text, although the genuineness of the main text (with the exception of chapter twelve) leaves no room for doubt. Among the sources of the "Basic Annals", mention must be made of the official records in the palace archives;

the annals and family genealogical trees of principalities, in the first place those of Ch'in;

the unofficial records (speeches by the officcials and materials by the scholars of the "hundred schools");

essays and books written previous to Ssu-ma Ch'ien's time (Shih ching, Shang shu, Tso-chuan, Shih pen Kuo yu, Ch 'u Han ch 'un-ch 'iu, and others);

notes on the historian's personal impressions;

epigraphs.

A detailed exposition of every chapter in the "Basic Annals" is given in R.V. Vyatkin's article. The first chapter describes the period of legendthe rule of Summary the five "emperors", beginning with Huang-ti (the ''Yellow Emperor"). Although legend forms the subject of this, it contains a good deal of indirect information about the early stages of China's history.

In the second chapter devoted to the Hsia periodalso legendarythere is an extremely interesting geographical description of the China of antiquity, her moun tains, rivers, and lands. This applies to the first millennium before our era. The chap ter on the history of Yin describes the earliest genuinely historical stage in the life of the Chinese people and enumerates the forty-four rulers of the Yin period;

these have been identified in the main, in the twentieth century, with the names on the oracular bones found in Honan.

The account of the Chou period in the fourth chapter is brief, referring chiefly to the events of the first Chou years, and this brevity creates a certain disproportion in the rescription. Still, the chapter contains information of considerable significance concerning the social history of the Chou epoch, and the ideology of antiquity.

The rise of the Ch'in kingdom forms the subject of the fifth chapter. It recounts the numerous wars fought between the Ch'ins and their neighbours, depicts the social and economic situation in the country, in particular the reforms introduced by Shang Yang, and the process of the unification of China under the aegis of the Ch'ins.

The brief and uneventful periods when Ch'in Shih-huang and his son reigned are presented in the sixth chapter, which, in itself, is one of our few basic sources of in formation about the first centralized state in the history of China. Its value is further enhanced by the inclusion in the text of the inscriptions on the stelae of Ch'in Shih huang.

A description of the interregnum in the years 206 to 202 (before our era) and the rise to power of the first ruler of the new Han dynasty, is found in chapters seven and eight. The historian has succeeded in creating vigorously expressive portraits of Hsiang YU and Liu Pang, has supplied certain facts about events of the timefacts that are lacking in other sources.

The description of the reign of the Han emperors succeeding Kao-tsu down to the time of Wu-ti, in whose reign Ssu-ma Ch'ien lived, is covered by chapters seven to twelve of the Pen chi. The political history of the period is given in considerable detail.

It should be pointed out that the "Basic Annals" contain an important collection of facts concerning the beliefs and cults that prevailed among the Chinese of antiquity (the totemistic and animistic beliefs, the worship of Heaven and Earth, magical ritual, sacrificial customs, and ancestor-worship), and also about the ideologies of people of the Chou and Han periods. Taken as a whole, this renders the "Basic Annals", aug mented by material from other sections of the Shih Chi, an invaluable source of in formation about ancient Chinese history.

The main purpose of this work is to provide a scientific translation in Russian of Ssu-ma Ch'ien's "Historical Records", opening with a translation of and a commen tary on the first section of Pen chi. The translation is based on two editions of the "Historical Records", one of them being the twelfth-century South-Sung edition pro duced by the book-publishing house of Huang shan-fu. This is regarded as one of the earliest and most exact xylographic editions of the Shih Chi. It was reproduced in 1936 by the "Shangwu" (Commercial Press) in Shanghai. The other is a new edition with commentaries by P'ei Yin, Ssu-ma Chen, and Chang Shou-chieh, and was pub Summary lished in 1959 by the "Chung hua shuchu" Publishing House in Peking. In this last work modern punctuation is used, introduced into the text by a group of scholars pre sided over by Professor Ku Chieh-kang. The translators have also taken into consid eration chapters of the Pen chi translated into other languages by Edouard Chavannes, Burton Watson, and Otake, and the numerous commentaries made by their predeces sors in the field.



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 9 | 10 || 12 |
 
 >>  ()





 
<<     |    
2013 www.libed.ru - -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .