, , ,


 >>  ()
Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 7 | 8 ||

. . 16 (, ...

-- [ 9 ] --

, , .


. . I. . 1112. . 233. 1998 . . .

. , .


' . 1 ' = 2660 .


, 1949 .. ( ) // . . XII.

, 2002 .. . -: - .

, 1992 .. . .: .

, 2007 . . .: .

, 1963 . , // , . . VII.

, 2002 .. : . . . .: .

, 1988 . / . .. . .: .

, 2003 .. . XVII XX .: . : .

, 1996 . . . . . .: .

, 2002 (, , ). . ( : Seyfettin Yazici Temel dini bilgiler Aile ilimhali).

, 2003 .. . .: ;


, 1974 .. ( ) .: .

., 2003 .., .. : - - // . 3 (11). . 201202;

: Sadaka // The Encyclopedia of Islam. Leiden;

N.-Y., 1995. Vol. 8. P. 708716.

, 1968 .. XIX . .: .

, 2002 .. // . .

Yarzutkina A.A.


SADAKA IN SIBERIA The most important factor of evolution of the traditional world outlook of the Turkic speaking population of West Siberia was Islamization. Many elements of the Muslim religion organically be came a part of the local religious tradition due to its homogeneous ness with it or because of their common origin. One of these ele Arabian) in Islam a voluntary charity in ments was sadaka ( the form of one-time monetary donations or assignment of a part of income.

According to materials collected during expeditions in villages on Omsk, Tyumen and Novosibirsk regions actions which are im plied under the notion of sadaka are highly spread in everyday and ceremonial practices. Sadaka means:

transfer of money, milk products, eggs or bread to a mullah or elderly women with a request to address their prayers to the saint or other spirit-master (in the case of fear before the start of a new business for a success etc.);

bringing money or products as a sacrifice to spirit-maters of territories (for example, throwing them in water, putting them under a tree or leaving them in the forest);

distributing money and products among participants of the rite/holiday etc.

Sadaka played a special role during the first spring holiday called Amel as the main object of relations between participants of the rite. It became a mark of the local cult of fertility.

The notion of sadaka which spread among Tobolsk-Irtysh and Barabinsk Tatars together with Islam and those phenomena of the traditional culture which this notion was transferred on had the sin gle economic basis and represented the process of redistribution of material wealth inside the society.

The gift exchange basis of sadaka made it possible to organi cally come into the complex of gift exchange traditions of these groups of Siberian Tatars. It also made the moral side of a charity clear and quite functional for the traditional world outlook.

(: ) ..., , , (: ) ..., .

- . .. (: ) - , - (: ) ..., ... , (: ) (: -) , ;

, . (: -) ..., (: ) ... , (: ) ..., .

- . .. ;

. (: ) . () (: ) - ., ... (: ) ..., ...

, (: ) ..., ... (: ) ...;

, (: ) ..., ...

, (: ) .. . (: ) ..., ... , (: ) ..., . . . .. (: ) ..., .

- . .. ͨ (: ) ..., .

. ͨ (: ) ..., .

(: .) ..., . () , (: ) ..., (: ) ..., (: ) ..., () (: ) . .. (: ) .

. - .. (: ) ..., .

. (: ) ..., . , -

(: ) ..., ...

(: ) ..., - INFORMATION ABOUT THE AUTHORS Absaliamova, Yulia Yakovlevna, Cand.Sc. in History, Department of Ethnology, Institute of History, Language and Literature;

Ufa Research Centre, RAS, Ufa, Russia Azamatova Giuldzhan Kamilevna, Cand.Sc. in History, Kabardino Balkaria State University n.a. Kh.M. Berbekov, Nalchik, Russia Balashova, Irina Gennadevna, a graduate student, Department of International Policy Studies, Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan Brusina, Olga Ilinichna, Cand.Sc., senior researcher, Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, RAS, Moscow, Russia Gaisina, Fanira Faskhetdinovna, junior researcher, Department of Folklore Studies, Institute of History, Language and Literature, Educational and Research Center, RAS, Ufa, Russia Gorshunova, Olga Veniaminovna, Cand.Sc. in History, Docent of the Department of Applied Arts, Moscow State Textile University n. a. A.N.

Kosygin, Prof., Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Moscow, Russia Gul, Elmira, D.Sc. in Arts, leading researcher, Institute of Arts Studies, Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences, Tashkent, Uzbekistan Guschina, Elena Gennadevna, chief keeper of the museum funds, Ethnographic Museum, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia Ilimbetova, Azalia Fattakhovna, Cand.Sc., senior researcher, Dept. of ethnology, Institute of History, Language, and Literature, Ufa Research Centre, RAS, Ufa, Russia Kalandarov, Tokhir Safarbekovich, Cand.Sc. in History, senior researcher, Centre of Ethnopolitical Studies, Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, RAS, Moscow, Russia Khariuchi, Galina Pavlovna, Cand.Sc. in History, Head of the Department of Ethnology, Center of Arctic Studies, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District, Salekhard, Russia Kotiukova, Tatiana Viktorovna, Cand.Sc. in History, Institute of Oriental Studies, RAS, Mardjani Foundation, Moscow, Russiaa Lashkarbekov, Bogsho Bogshoevich, Cand.Sc. in Philology, senior researcher, Department of Iranian Languages, Institute of Linguistics, RAS, Moscow, Russia Malikov, Azim M., researcher, Max Plank Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle, Germany Migranova, Elza Venerovna, Cand.Sc. in History, senior researcher, Department of Ethnology, Institute of History, Language and Literature, Ufa Research Centre, RAS, Ufa, Russia Mustafina, Raushan Mukhamedzhanova, D.Sc. in History, Prof., Department of Archeology and Ethnology, Eurasia National University n. a.

L.N. Gumilev, Astana, Kazakhstan Nalchikova, Elena Aniuarovna, Cand.Sc. in History, Docent, Department of Management of Social and Cultural Processes and Services, Kabardino-Balkarian State University n. a. Kh. Berbekov, Nalchik, Russia Seleznev, Aleksandr Gennadevich, Cand.Sc. in History, head of the department, Omsk Branch of the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography, Omsk, Russia Selezneva, Irina Aleksandrovna, Cand.Sc. in History, head of the Department of Ethnic Cultures, Siberian Branch, Russian Institute of Culture Studies, Omsk, Russia Somfai Kara, David, Cand.Sc. in History, Institute of Ethnology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary Stasevich, Inga Vladimirovna, Cand.Sc. in History, Department of Central Asia, Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography n. a. Peter the Great (Kunstkamera), RAS, Saint-Petersburg, Russia Syzranov, Andrei Viacheslavovich, D.Sc. in History, Astrakhan' State University, Astrakhan', Russia Terentieva, Olga Nikolaevna, Cand.Sc. in Philosophy, Chuvashia State Institute for Humanities, Cheboksary, Russia Titova, Tatiana Alekseevna, D.Sc. in History, Kazan' Federal University, Kazan', Russia Tkachenko, Olga Stepanovna. Academy of Cosmonautics n. a. K.

Tsiolkovskii, Moscow, Russia Toleubaev, Abdesh Tashkenovich, Professor of the Kazakh National University n. a. Al-Farabi, Astana, Kazakhstan Toleubaeva K.M., D.Sc. in History, Prof., Kazakh Pedagogic University n. a. Abai, Almaty, Kazakhstan Voldina, Maria Kuzminichna, Khanty poetess and epic reciter, member of RF Writers Union, honoured cultural figure, Khanty-Mansiisk, Russia.

Voldina, Tatiana Vladimirovna. D.Sc. in History, Ugra State University, Khanty-Mansiisk, Russia Wilhelmi, Barbara, Ph.D., independent scholar, Bad Nauheim, Germany Yarzutkina, Anastasiia Alekseevna, Cand.Sc. in History, Laboratory of the Integrated Research on Chukotka, North-East Integrated Research Institute, Far Eastern Branch, RAS, Anadyr', Russia SUMMARY The articles offered here the readers, resulted from papers presented in the frame of an International scientific and practical conference, dedicated to the memory of Vladimir Nikolaevich Basilov (19371998), a renowned scholar of shamanism and Cen tral Asian cultures and religions, doctor of historical sciences.

The conference was organized in summer 2012, and was held in two countries Russia and Kyrgyzstan which had formerly been part of the USSR. The conference was initiated by the Cen ter for the Study of Shamanism and Other Traditional Beliefs and Practices at IEA RAS, and prepared and led by the Mikloukho Maklay Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Acade my of Sciences, in collaboration with a number of Kyrgyzstans organizations: Culture and Research Center Aygine, the Institute for the Study of Central Asia of the American University of Central Asia, and the Institute of History and Cultural Heritage of the Na tional Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan. Mem bers of the International Society for the Study of Shamanism (Bu dapest, Hungary) were among the participants at the conference.

The event has been planned according to the academic inter ests of the late Basilov, and therefore embraced two relatively in dependent symposia, that consisted of some sessions: Symposium 1 (Moscow) Traditional Religious Practices in the Present Day World (Russia and Central Asia): 1) Central Asian Islam: new field, new issues;

2) Traditional shamanism and the figure of (neo)shaman in the present day world: traditions, transformations, innovations;

Symposium 2 (Cholpon-Ata, Kyrgyzstan) Spiritu al Heritage of the Turkic World of Central Eurasia: 1) Manas and epic heritage of the peoples of the world;

2) Living epics and contemporary epic reciters;

3) Shamanic practices and folk heal ing in the present day world;

4) Cult of saints and religious life of the peoples of Central Eurasia.

There were many scholars from Russia and Middle Asia who participated in the conference, as well as our colleagues from the USA, Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Hunga ry, Ukraine, Australia, India, China;

in the scientific and practical part of the conference there were presented, among others, some specialists from Bolivia, Guatemala, and Japan.

The conference dedicated to the memory of Vladimir Nikolaevich Basilov has been held on a very high level. Its organ izers were striving for inclusion into the circle of participants of different in terms of their age and academic status scholars.

And this unavoidably, though not significantly, reflected in the general level of the published works (even though we were trying to strictly select those texts).

Numerous papers, presented at the sessions, were later devel oped into scientific articles (all in all more than 200 articles have been sent to the organizing committee). From articles recom mended to the publication we composed three academic volumes in a series Ethnological Studies of Shamanism and Other Indige nous Spiritual Beliefs and Practices (Vol. 15 in 2 nos. and Vol.

16). Every volume consists of materials of one or two sessions.

Speeches presented at the commemoration meeting on June 23, as well as some papers devoted to the analysis of the Basilovs aca demic heritage, are being published separately (Vol. 17).

Our collection of articles is based on papers that thematically relate to the first session of the Moscow symposium (Central Asian Islam: new field, new issues) and to the forth one of the Kyrgyz symposium (Cult of saints and religious life of the peo ples of Central Eurasia).

The organizers of the conference hope that this event as well as the books, where we publish the papers of its participants and of those who did not participated in the conference but were well acquainted with Basilov and wanted to join in the anniversary edi tion (January 18, 2012 marked the 75th anniversary of the birth of Vladimir Nikolaevich Basilov), would be a good memory of our early and tragically deceased colleague a gifted scholar, an ex cellent Teacher, and a wonderful man , () һ .

. , , - (. , . ) - - () () () ȅ ( ) :

, Wilhelmi B. Nestorian Theology and manicheaism in Central Asia (between 5th to 9th century) and the concept of soul . VIX . ..: .. Kalandarov T.S. Love Magic in common Islam in Pamir .. XIX XX Kotyukova T.V. The military qualities of Turkestan Muslims in the perception of the Russian military and civil bureaucracy at the end of XIX beginning of the XX century .. Lashkarbekov B.B. The practice of gin exorcism by reading sacred texts of Islam .. Mustafina R.M. Islam in Kazakhstan in modern times .. : Torlanbayeva K.U. Ritual spinning in pre-Islamic beliefs and in Islam: universalism and uniqueness Somfai Kara D. Shamanism within Popular Islam among the Turks of Central Asia . Ȼ

.. Absalyamova Y.A. The Traditional and the New in the Prac tice of Pilgrimage to Holy Places by Bashkirs .. Azamatova G.K. Religious Beliefs as an Element of Balkarian Ethnic Culture .. Balashova I.G. The Issue of The Cult of Saints in the Modern Islam of Kyrgyzstan .. 2- XIX - . XX . Brusina O.I. The Oath as n Infringement of a Presumption of Human Integrity (Kazakhs, Kirghiz, Turkmens) .. Voldina M.K. Sanctity of the Stone in the Khanty Tradition. .. - Voldina T.V. Elders Functions in Khanty Ritual Ceremoni al Practices .. Gisina F.F. Legends about the Bashkir Saints .. : Gorshunova O.V. Female Images of the Central Asian Hag iology: Pre-islamic Traditions and Folk Islam . Gyul E.F. Lakai Embroidery in the Context of Shamanic Beliefs .. - Ilimbetova A.F. The Images of the Cat in the mythic-ritual Tradition of Bashkirs . : , Malikov A.M. Khodja of the Lower Zerafshan Valley: His tory and Identity .. , 养 ( ) Migranova E.V. On Moslem Influence on the Traditional Food Culture of Bashkir People .. : Nalchikova E.A. The Cult of the Dead in a Traditional Society: what is in common and what is special .., .. : Seleznev A.G., Selezneva I.A. Islamic Sacral Complexes Astana in Siberia: Social and Symbolic Function .. ( ) Stasevich I.V. Notions on the Dynastic Gift in the Culture of the Kazakhs (Tradition of Worshiping Holy Ancestors) .. Syzranov A.V. Children of Saints .., .. Titova T.A., Gushina E.G. Shamanic Collections of the Ethnographic Museum of Kazan State University .. - - Tkachenko O.S. Ak-Baur the Holy Land of Ancient No mads of Central Asia A.. Toleubaev A.T. Shamanic Sanctuary of the Turkic Time from Eastern Kazakhstan .. , Toleubaeva K.M. The Rites of Central Asian peoples on the Fortieth Day of a Child .. Haryuchi G.P. Sacred Sites in nenets traditional Culture and in modern spiritual Practice .. 养: Yarzutkina A.A. The One Who Gives Has a Clear Face...: Sadaka in Siberia ***** Information about the Authors Summary :

( .

16) . .. - , , - ..


.., ..

.., ..

6090 1/ . . . 16,1 .-. . 21, 200 .

117334 , ,

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 7 | 8 ||
 >>  ()


<<     |    
2013 www.libed.ru - -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .