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.. , .. , .. . .. , e-mail: tarasova@igc.irk.ru , , , 1947 . [, 1961;

., 1965]. 1964 . , , , , , [, 1975;

, , 1992]. . , .. .. 1959 ., .. .. . .. . 1975 . , .. . , , N , () , . , , . . C : N, C : P, . .


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1975 1980 . ( , ), ( Aulacoseira baicalensis, Synedra arcus, Gymnodinium) .

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1986 . SO42 4,6 0,6 /. 50100 . , 40 ;

19861987 . (6,5 2,2 /). ( 10 /) , .

1986 . ( . ), [ ., 1995]. 1987 .

. : Aulacoseira baicalensis;

Epishura baicalensis, . , 1960- . 2 ( , 1996);

Achnanthes minutissima [, , 1994].

. . , 1990- . [ ., 2000]. , : Synechocystis limnetica, Romeria sp. . [, , 2003]. , Anabena Gloeotricbia, 19921995 ., , [Watanabe, Drucker, 1999].

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2004 . . , 1965 2005 ., , , . , , , Aulcoseira baicalensis ( 90) [, , 1992]. Synedra acus Si : P 70. Si : P = 7090 . , Aulcoseira baicalensis 1986 ., 1987 . . 19861987 . (0,78 10 %, 98) , Aulcoseira baicalensis .


, , . 20042005 . , , . , , N : P = 910. . . . , 19861989 ., , . N. , , -, . , 1986 . : ( ) ( ) .

20042005 . : 100 . 0 (r = 0,67), (r = 0,41), 900 (r = 0,64) 1100 (r = 0,85) , . ( 6,26,9 /) , . .

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C : N : P, . , 40 : 7 : 1, : 318 : 40 : 1.

, . C : N : P = 780 : 54 : 1, . 76 : 11 : 1. . C : N : P 200 : 16 : 19831984 ., 107 : 31 : 1 19861988 . 79 : 31 : 1 20042005 . . , [Forsberg, Ryding, 1980], : 2 ( 5 ), 20 / ( 11,5 / 5 , 0,40 /), 20 / ( 20042005 . 15 19 /), 600 / ( 180 /), . . , .

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04-05-64870, 07-05-00697, 10-05-00663, INTAS 2000-00140, .

.., .., .., .. // . . 1995. 2. . 179181.

.. // . . . . . 1961. . 20. 311 .

.., .., .. // . . 1965. . 8 (28). 495 .

.., .., .. . // . --, 1987. . 115.

.., .. // . . 1959. . 28.

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.. . : , 1975. 148 .

.., .. . : , 1992. 144 .

.. // . . 1957. . 113, 3. . 10111013.

Forsberg C., Ryding S.O. Eutrophication parameters and trophic state in 30 Swedish waste-receiving lakes // Archiv fur Hydrobiologie. 1980. Vol. 89. P. 180207.

Kilham S.S. Relationship of Phytoplankton and Nutrients to Stoichiometric Measures // Large Lakes. Ecological Structure and Function / Eds. Max M. Tilzer, Colette Serruya. Springer-Verlag, 1990. . 403413.

Watanabe Y., Drucker V.V. Phytoplankton blooms in Lake Baikal, with reference to the Lakes present state of eutrophication // Ancient Lake: their Cultural and Biological Diversity / Eds. H. Kavanabe, G.W. Coulter and A.C. Roosevelt. 1999. P. 217225.

.. , .. , .. , .. , e-mail: hydrochem@lin.irk.ru , , (25 ), (1637 ) (23 . 3) , . . , , , .

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1400 , 1600 800 . 7 % [, 1983], . , .

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[Weiss et al., 1991;

, , 1991].

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2010 .

, [ ., 2011]. , . , 5075 2/2 (. 3).

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2 = 1,628 Q + 5,116 (R2 = 0,6293, r = 0,79).

19932009 . (. 4). . 7090 %. (16,8 2/2 ) , (13,5 2/2 ), .

2, / , 9 9,5 10 10, O O2 O2 . 4. . 3. 20 2006 .

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Si = 0,772 Q 5,267 (R2 = 0,2785, r = 0,53) :

= 0,0273 Q 0,1706 (R2 = 0,1636, r = 0,40).

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, N/ , / 0,02 0,07 0, 0,002 0,007 0,012 0, 1957-1958 .

1957-1958 .

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1967-1968 .

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2004-2006 .

. 6. (19571958 . [, 1965], 19671968 19861989 [, , 1992]) 2011 . , . 3 1,295 /, 2,44 / 0,246 /. , .

.. . // . .: , 1965. . 71114.

.., .. . : , 1992. 143 .

.. . // . 2011. . 438, 1.

. 121124.

.., .. // . 1991. . 321, 2. . 381385.

Weiss R.F., Carmack E.C., Koropalov V.M. Deep-water renewal and biological production in Lake Baikal // Nature. 1991. N 6311. P. 665669.

.. 1, .. 2, . .. , e-mail: verhval@igc.irk.ru , e-mail: verhel@crust.irk.ru , , . . , , , [Verkhozina et al., 1996, 2000]. .



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