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«ЕВРОПЕЙСКИЙ ГУМАНИТАРНЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ Постсоветская Публичность: беларусь, украина сборник научных трудов ВИльНюС ЕГУ 2008 УДК ...»

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Х. Йонас. Принцип ответственности. Киев, 2001;

В. Хёсле.

Практическая философия в современном мире. Киев, 2003;

К.-М.Майер-Абих. Восстание в защиту природы. Киев, 2004.

Область научных интересов: социальная философия, этика, современная немецкая философия.

сергей Пролеев – доктор философских наук, главный научный сотрудник Института философии им. Г. Сковороды НАН Украины, профессор кафедры философии и религиове дения Национального университета «Киево-Могилянская ака демия», президент Украинского философского фонда, главный редактор журнала «Фiлософська думка», председатель редакци онной коллегии серии переводов «Современная гуманитарная Анатолий Паньковский библиотека». Автор книг: Духовность и бытие человека. Киев, 1992;

История античной философии. Москва, 2001;

Метафизика власти. Киев, 2005 (на укра инском языке). Область научных интересов: социальная философия, филосо фия культуры, история западной философии.

виктория Шамрай – кандидат философских наук, старший научный со трудник Института философии им. Г.Сковороды НАН Украины. Автор книги Преобразование общества: пределы возможного. Киев, 1994. Область научных интересов: социальная философия.

виктор степаненко – кандидат философских наук, Ph.d. (социология) Манчестерского ун-та (Великобритания). заведующий сектором истории и тео рии социологии отдела истории, теории и методологии социологии Института социологии НАН Украины. Автор книг: Постиндустриальное общество и жиз ненный мир. Киев, 1992;

Social Construction of Identity and School Policy in Ukraine (Социальное конструирования идентичности и школьная политика в Укра ине).– commack, New york, 1999, редактор и соавтор книги Общественная трансформация: концептуализация, тенденции, украин ский опыт. Киев, 2004. Область научных интересов – гражданское общество, эт нокультурные и гражданские идентичности, теория и методология социологии.

роман кобец – кандидат философских наук, научный сотрудник НАН Украины. Область научных интересов: социальная и политическая философия.

Марина соколова – кандидат исторических наук. Область научных инте ресов: социальная история информационных и коммуникационных техноло гий, электронное правительство и электронная демократия.

вероника Фурс – кандидат философских наук, доцент, факультет соци альных наук Европейского гуманитарного университета (Вильнюс). Автор учеб ного пособия История наук об информации и коммуникации. Минск, 2001, автор перевода на русский язык книг: Б. Мьеж. Коммуникационное мышление.

Минск, 1997;

Ж.-л. Нанси. Бытие единичное множественное. Минск, 2004. Об ласть научных интересов: теория коммуникации, анализ дискурса.

виктор Мартинович – заместитель главного редактора информационно аналитического еженедельника «БелГазета» (Минск). Автор-составитель книги Политические партии в Беларуси – необходимая часть гражданского общества.

Минск, 2003 (в соавторстве с А.Федутой и О. Богуцким). Область научных интересов: исследования медиа, визуальные исследования, история русского авангарда.

Сведения об авторах ольга Шпарага – кандидат философских наук, доцент факультета фило софии и политических наук Европейского гуманитарного университета (Виль нюс), соредактор электронного журнала «Новая Европа» (http://n-europe.eu).

Автор перевода на русский язык книги М. Мерло-Понти. Видимое и невидимое.

Минск, 2006. Область научных интересов: феноменология тела и Другого, отно шения эстетики и политики, современные трансформации идеи Европы.

анатолий Паньковский – независимый исследователь, редактор сайта экспертного сообщества «Наше мнение» (www.nmnby.org).

Authors and summaries Authors And summAries Vladimir Fours, habil. dr. (doktor nauk), chair of Philoso phy and head of the Master’s degree Program in Social Theory and Political Philosophy at the european humanities university, Vilnius.

Books (in russian): Juergen Habermas’ Philosophy of the Uncom pleted Project of Modernity. Minsk, 2000;

Contours of Contemporary Critical Theory. Minsk, 2002;

Social Philosophy in a Non-Trivial Exposition. Vilnius, 2006. Scholarly interests: critical social theory, contemporary social theory.

Transformations of the Public Sphere and the Post-Soviet Situation.

The introductory article traces the conceptualization and re thinking of the public sphere in contemporary social and political theory and argues for application of the accumulated conceptual tools to the analysis of the “strange” post-Soviet development.

Following this way, we find in Belarus an “autochthonous” public domain of the “fair interactions”, which is imposed by the authori tarian state and tacitly maintained by the reiterative everyday prac tices guided by the double consciousness. The officially suggested public sphere generates a self-isolating and conspirological social imaginary, while the official “faзade” covers the multiformity of “hidden sociality”, which is “extruded” into the private life and has no public representations. Just uncovering this “hidden social life” is a key research and political issue in Belarus.

Anatoliy Yermolenko, habil. dr. (doktor nauk), head of the social philosophy department at the h. Skovoroda Institute of Phi losophy (ukrainian National academy of Sciences). Books: Ethics of Responsibility and Human Social Being: Contemporary German Practical Philosophy. Kyiv, 1994 (in russian);

Communicative Prac Authors and summaries tical Philosophy. Kyiv, 1999 (in ukrainian). Scholarly interests: social philosophy, ethics, contemporary German philosophy.

Public Discourse as a Factor of Social Integration in Contemporary Society The public discourse is considered an integrating factor in contemporary society and a vital element of the deliberative democracy. From this standpoint, the article examines the divergent developments in the ukrainian public sphere. It shows that the communicatively produced common understanding is systematically substituted here by the strategic interplay of particularistic interventions. Therefore, the public discourse takes the form of the quasi-transparent “distorted communication”, which often plays a disintegrative function in ukraine. at the same time, despite these system atic distortions, “wholesome” public discourses show gradual progress in ukraine.

Sergey Proleyev, habil. dr. (doktor nauk), Principal research Fellow at the h.

Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy of the National academy of Sciences of ukraine, Professor of the university of „Kyiv Mohyla academy”, President of the ukrainian Phil osophical Foundation, chief editor of the scholarly journal „Philosophical Thought”, chairman of the editorial committee of the “contemporary humanitarian library” series of translations. Books: Spirituality and Being of the Human, Kyiv, 1992;

History of Antique Philosophy, Moscow, 2001 (in russian);

Metaphysics of Power, Kyiv, 2005.

Scholarly interests: social philosophy, philosophy of culture, history of Western phi losophy.

Victoria Shamrai, dr. (kandidat nauk), Senior research Fellow at h. Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy of the National academy of Sciences of ukraine. Book: The Transformation of a Society: Limits of Possible, Kyiv, 1994 (in russian). Scholarly inter ests: social philosophy.

A Phenomenon of Clan-Corporate Society In the article, the concept of “clan-corporate society” is used for representation of some essential features of the contemporary social life in ukraine, which were formed in the process of post-totalitarian transformations. The totalitarian society was characterized by establishing “quasi-publicness”, with simultaneous control over the private sphere. In the post-totalitarian situation, under the condition of a weak civil society, just the clan-corporative integration becomes the basic principle of societal organization. This kind of integration generates the ambivalent social reality, whose peculiarities are the presence of the areas of a “hidden social life” and their ambiguous interpenetration with the “formal” institutions of society. These ambiguities invert and subvert the general normative order in the contemporary ukrainian society.

Viktor Stepanenko, dr. (kandidat nauk), Ph.d. (Sociology) from the university of Manchester (uK), head of Section of history and Theory of Sociology of the dept.

of history, Theory and Methodology of Sociology at the Institute of Sociology, Na Authors and summaries tional academy of sciences of ukraine. Books: Post-Industrial Society and Life-World, Kyiv, 1992 (in russian);

Social Construction of Identity and School Policy in Ukraine, commack, New york, 1999 (in english);

Social transformation: conceptualization, trends and Ukrainian experience, Kyiv, 2004 (co-editor, in ukrainian).

Political Public Sphere in Transformation: Discourses, Symbolizations and Practices in Ukraine in the 2000’s The article tackles the issues of the transformation of political public sphere in ukraine in the 2000’s. The period was characterized by the new experiences of mass political engagement triggered by the “tape scandal” and appeared in the “Ukraine without Kuchma” movement at the beginning of the 2000’s, in the turbulent “Orange revolution” and presidential elections of 2004 and also in the current “post-Orange” political trajectories. Basing on the analysis of the discourses, symbolizations and pub lic representation of “the people’s voice” (the Maidan- practices etc.), it is argued that while ukraine’s post-Soviet public sphere still preserves many rudiments of “closed“ political decision-making, it has its own recourses for developing a true democratic regime of public and political communication. The factors, conditions and actors of this perspective transformation with a special focus on the civil society agenda are identified.

Roman Kobets, dr. (kandidat nauk), research Fellow at the h. Skovoroda Insti tute of Philosophy of the National academy of Sciences of ukraine. Scholarly interests:

social and political philosophy.

“Intimization of Publicness” – a Post-Soviet Way of Disenchantment of Politics in Ukraine The article reconstructs the phenomenologies of “public” in “private” in the ev eryday life in contemporary ukraine. The contradictory and unstable post-communist transformations endued the sphere of private (first of all, familiar) life the “ontologi cal” and value priority;

as a result, the public domain is re-interpreted in the logic of personalised and sensuous relationships and systematically misused in the spirit of “privatization”.

Marina Sokolova, dr. (kandidat nauk). Scholarly interests: social history of in formation and communication technologies, e-government, e-democracy.

WWW as a Political Public Sphere Political public sphere understood as a totality of mini-publics represented by sporadic discussions, “organized presence”, etc. has been visibly extended through the new IcTs and Internet development. This extension is accompanied by contradic tory influences on public communication. however, emergence of new public spaces online becomes one of the characteristic features of modern publicity. The potential provided by WWW has special importance in the current Belarusian context, where the online publicity can counterbalance deficits of free political communication, at Authors and summaries least, for a fraction of Belarusian society. however, Belarusian civil society activists and critical intellectuals view WWW as a sphere of autonomous and/or alternative partisan political and cultural practices. as a result, Belarusian publics see WWW as a reservoir of political ideas and partisan experiments, and online practices, which encourage and facilitate public dialogue and communication, has not become an issue for political actors.

Veronika Furs, dr. (kandidat nauk), docent, Faculty of Social Sciences at the european humanities university, Vilnius. Book: History of Information and Com munication Sciences, Minsk, 2001 (in russian). Translator into russian of a book by J.-l. Nancy, “Кtre singulier pluriel” (Minsk, 2004). Scholarly interests: communication theory, discourse analysis.

Private and Public in the Belarusian Social and Political Media Discourse The author analyzes the interrelations of public and private elements in Be larusian media discourses using the methodology of the critical discourse analysis (N.Fairclough). First, the author identifies the dominant ideological interdiscourse in the Belarusian media texts, and, second, analyzes the peculiar Belarusian shape of the tendencies of media discourses to “conversationalization” and entertainment. The author comes to the conclusion that conversationalization becomes a certain norm in the Belarusian case. as far as dichotomy information/entertainment is concerned, here it is possible to speak about the dichotomy propaganda/entertainment. It is also necessary to emphasize that very often the discourses of propaganda take a form of entertainment to help their reception by the audience members.

Victor Martinovich, deputy editor-in-chief of BelGazeta weekly (Minsk). au thor of the book (in co-authorship with a.Feduta and o. Bogutskiy) Political parties in Belarus – a necessary part of civil society, Minsk, 2003. Scholarly interests: media studies, visual studies, history of russian avant-garde.

Role of independent media in constructing alternative publicness in Be larus The article identifies the positive roles played by private newspapers and mag azines in (self-) organization of the Belarusian public sphere. The author presents a short overview of the history of appearance of independent broadsheets in early 1990-s and their evolution towards orientation to the foreign donors and government in mid 1990-s. The main part of the article is dedicated to the analysis of support supplied by independent mass media for self-organization of the alternative public sphere in Belarus. The aspects of this support are help in readers’ self-positioning, introduction to the alternative discourse, postulating the presence of pluralism in the society, “everyone counts” principle, providing knowledge about ways of reading of ficial news, and testing the limits of the “allowed freedom”.

Authors and summaries Olga Shparaga, dr. (kandidat nauk), docent at the european humanities uni versity, Vilnius, co-editor of the “New europe” e-magazine (http://n-europe.eu).

Translator into russian of the M. Merlau-Ponty’s book “le visible et l’invisible” (Minsk, 2006). Scholarly interests: phenomenology of the body and the other, interrelations between the aesthetical and the political domains, contemporary ideas of the trans formation of europe.

Democratic Potential of Cultural Practices Under the Conditions of Authoritarianism: the Case of Belarus cultural practices are considered through the prism of the Belarusian artistic scene as evolving from the late 1980-s till the present days. The key concept in the analysis of their democratic potential is the “public sphere”. The main conclusions of the paper are as follows: 1) the independent Belarusian artistic scene possesses a dispersed or nomadic character, which can be demonstrated by a marginal status of its major actors (figures) and processes;

2) improvement of the present situation pre supposes the reconfiguration of the artistic scene in accordance with the principle(s) of the public sphere;

3) this principle should be specified in relation to the peculiar character of the Belarusian authoritarian regime. on the one side, we still have pos sibilities to organize practices of artistic self-expression as a network of open, mul tiple and critical communication, whose participants are able to articulate their own rights and mutually recognize the rights of others;

however, the possibilities for in stitutionalization of such a mode of communication in Belarus are currently scarce.

Anatoly Pankovski, independent political analyst, editor of the expert com munity website “our opinion” (www.nmnby.org). Scholarly interests: post-socialist development.

The Line of (Belarusian) Expertizing This research uses the instruments and resources of sociology of sociology, his torical sociology and neo-institutional economics in an attempt to describe the in stitutional aspects of expert activity in Belarus. The subject of consideration is the institutes of expert analysis, i.e. “rules of the game” (formal and informal restric tions – standards of behavior and social rules), which form a system of incentives.

These rules, being a result of “fallacious” institutional choice, become the reason why expert analysis rests within a certain “storyline” (or “channel”). This analysis thus fo cuses on the issue of “path dependence”, i.e. the dependence of the course of devel opment on a once selected trajectory – as applied to in the context of generation of intellectual public goods.

ЕвропЕйский гуманитарный унивЕрситЕт в вильнюсЕ предлагает широкие возможности получения образования европейского уровня в сфере социальных, гуманитарных наук и искусства бакалаврские программы – высшее четырехлетнее образование оч ной и заочной формы обучения (на базе полного среднего образования) по направлениям:

• визуальные и культурные исследования;

• визуальный дизайн и медиа;

• история Беларуси и культурная антропология;

• культурное наследие и туризм;

• массовые коммуникации и журналистика;

• международное право;

• политология и европейские исследования;

• социальная и политическая философия;

• теория и практики современного искусства.

Магистерские программы – высшее двухлетнее образование второго уровня (принимаются лица, имеющие диплом бакалавра или специалиста) по направлениям:

• визуальные и культурные исследования;

• гендерные исследования;

• демократия и гражданское общество;

• европейские исследования;

• международное право и европейское право;

• охрана и интерпретация культурного наследия;

• социальная теория и политическая философия;

• сравнительная история стран Северо-Восточной Европы.

Европейский гуманитарный университет в Вильнюсе – единственный университет в Европейском союзе с обучением на русском и белорусском языках.

Все о программах ЕГУ:

www.ehu.lt Форум для абитуриентов:

www.ehunity.org Научное издание Постсоветская Публичность:

беларусь, украина сборник научных трудов Ответственный за выпуск Л.А. Малевич Корректор Е.В. Савицкая Технический редактор О.Э. Малевич Издательство Европейского гуманитарного университета г. Вильнюс, Литва www.ehu.lt e-mail: office@ehu.lt Подписано в печать 28.07.2008. Формат 60х901/16.

Бумага офсетная. Гарнитура «GaramondNarrow».

Уч.-изд. л. 13,3. Усл. печ. л. 14. Тираж 300 экз.

Отпечатано «Petro Ofsetas»

algirio g. 90, LT-09303 Vilnius

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