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(7) . C o (T ) / ( ) p Mg 2 SiO4, kp BeOkp MgOkp SiO2, kp [1] [1] [1] [1] 100 15,377 15, 200 32,8 32, 300 44,443 44, 400 144,41 145,047 43,253 42,769 53,09 53, 500 152,69 152,43 45,713 45,56 62,247 60, C o (T ) / ( ) p Mg 2 SiO4, kp BeOkp MgOkp SiO2, kp 600 157,9 157,9 42,61 42,609 47,319 47, 700 162,772 162,478 44,734 44,801 48,5 48, 800 166,58 166,58 46,346 46,557 49,433 49, 900 170,64 170,406 47,613 47,806 50,207 50, 1000 174,06 174,06 48,635 48,724 50,867 50, 1100 177,85 177,602 49,476 49,453 51,443 51, 1200 181,09 181,07 50,178 50,103 51,952 51, 1300 184,7 184,48 50,771 50,759 52,4073 52, 1400 187,81 187,85 51,278 51,48 52,817 52, 1500 191,28 191,351 51,713 52,302 53,188 53, 1600 194,27 194,518 52,09 53,239 53,526 53, (5) , , , , . (5), .

(5), (7) [7] H o (T ) H o (T1 ) C o (T1 ) T T1 T p (23) F (T ) T T , . F (T ) A BT, T F (T ) A BT T 2 DT F (T ) A BT T 2 DT 3 ET 4, (24) F (T ) A BT , [8] C (T ) d T a bT cT C (T ) d T2 e T a bT cT p C (T ) d T2 e T3 f T4 (25) a bT cT p 3 gT12, c g E, f D 2 gT1, e C 2 fT1 AT1, B 2eT1 3 fT12 4 gT b o A 3eT12 4 fT13 5 gT14, a C p (T1 ) 2bT o bT12 2eT13 3 fT14 4 gT15, (26) d C p (T1 ) 2 AT (24) (26) , , . , , .

(5), (7) , . 6-8, [1,9-12]. (5) A A1 2 A2 A5 A T 2 T ln T ln T A o (27) S ;

A1, A2, A3, A4, A5 . 7.

A1, A2, A3, A4, A (27) - A A1 2A2 A3 A4 A5 T1 TK TK A5 A =c - 1 BeOkp 5,040510 - 971090 2161,3678 - 3929,41 - 12,198 200,78 349,571 300 2 ZnOkp 78,658 141434,65 228,651 - 94,0635 4,3651 - 17,1619 1,89224 600 3 MgOkp 32463,866 93596,79 27,1 1088,759 10,3879 - 95,381 12,5272 200 4 SiO2,kp 91,6158 - 32227,3 23374,261 - 208,27 4,517604 - 16,9775 3,434133 100 5 SiO2,kp 150,885 - 195077 25128,52 -168,2076 5,0165 - 22,868 2,2974 900 - A A1 2A2 A3 A4 A5 T1 TK TK A5 A =c 6 SiO2,kp 22355,529 - 1328372 230456,04 - 238,646 10,01483 - 74,9066 25,39 400 7 GeO2,kp 235,7457 89786,413 22161,377 - 7,6161 5,462754 - 29,9389 -0,09727 300 -2604, 8 TiO2,kp 1,624010 -145999,6 12247,971 69,563 - 910,044 3928,965 400 9 Zn2TiO4 2,3909 225794,35 2 16,97 - 985 0,87166 44,3348 45,09454 400 - 10 Be2SiO4 4,013910 -345046,2 -2 1216,82 -5243,522 -17,0309 326,0725 616,0934 300 11 Mg2SiO4 2456,5473 241583,99 2 11,2188 372,2531 7,80651 - 64,226 -3,28394 400 , (27) [1, 10-12], . Be2SiO4,kp SiO2,kp GeO2,kp TiO2,kp Zn2TiO4,kp TK o o o So So [9-11] [1] [1] [1] [9-11] S S S / 200 20,54 22, 300 43,748 41,746 39,488 39,71 64,37 64, 400 56,084 55,743 56,209 56,243 188,635 185,9 97,11 96, 500 68,504 68,5 70,539 70,519 221,337 218,467 125,965 123, 600 79,93 79,929 82,9 82,872 94,004 94,00 251,05 251,034 151,821 150, 700 90,116 90,118 93,707 93,671 104,507 104,543 277,77 276,464 175,118 173, 800 99,084 99,662 103,293 103,247 113,912 113,916 301,886 301,894 196,261 196, ..

900 106,95 108,832 111,913 111,857 122,42 122,371 323,764 322,761 215,586 215, 1000 119,76 119,696 130,18 130,09 343,722 343,628 233,362 234, 1100 126,983 126,91 137,309 137,206 362,0311 361,23 249,808 250, 1200 133,702 133,616 143,899 143,818 378,916 378,833 265,106 266, 1300 140,011 139,903 150,022 150,006 394,558 393,944 279,387 279, ..

1400 155,739 155,829 409,116 409,056 292,785 294, 1500 161,983 161,137 422,713 422,22 305,396 306, 1600 166,14 166,57 435,464 435,388 317,303 318, (5) ln S o (T ) ln( s) c 2 A1 A3 2 A1 A A A1 2 A (28) T2 T ln T T ln T T ln T ln T A A1 2 A ln S o (T ) 2 T ln T T ln T 2 ln S o (T ) ln( (29) s) c ln( s) c A A1 2 A o A4, (30) ln S (T ) T2 T ln T ln T 2 ln S o (T ) ln( A4 c s) (31) ln( s) c (29), , A1, A2, A3, A4. (31) (32) ln( s) c x x2 2 ln S o (T ) x (33) A4 2 ln S o (T ) 4 ln S o (T ) 4 A (34) x1, 1,2 (32), x1, 2 c ln( s) x1, 2 c (35) ( s) a x1, (35) n (T ), ;

c b a n (T ) (36) ( s) b (7) . (7) A5 c (T ) Co (37) p , (36). (37) a, c (T ) A5 n (T ) ln b a Co nT.

s p b , (37) (36) , a Co n (T ) (38) p b a a Co n (T ) p b b 1 n (T ) a a, 1 b n(T ) b1 n(T ) b a, (39) Cp b n(T ) a1 b1 T n(T ) ;

a, b, a1, b1, c1 const (40) c1 T (40), b1 T 1 1 T a1 b1 T a1 b1 T a1 / b a1 a1 a1 n 0;

n c1 T c1 T T c1 c1 T 1 c1 c a1, (41) c1 a T T c1, ;

T1 ;

T 1 ;

1 2 1 b T1 T .

(39) (41), c a (42) 1 cp b a , , : f (t1, t 2 ) [13]. , , tk , , (42) . a o const (43) 1 p a b c Q1 T , , (43), 1 1 Q2 T Q1 Q (44) T1 T , (4), .

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1. .., .., .. . . . , 1978. . I. 496 .

2. .. . XVII - . . 2. .: . , 2010. C. 56-63.

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7. Shomate C.H. Amer/ Chem/ Soc., 1944, 66, 928.

8. Maier C.G., Kelley K.K. Amer. Chem. Soc., 1932, 54, 3243.

9. .. . 2- ., . . ., . 1975. 536 .

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12. .., .., .. . . 1987. 830 .

13. .. . ., . 1975. 256 .

14. .. . XII - . . I. .: . , 2005. . 294 299.

15. .. . . . 1968. 316 .

16. . . . I. . . 1980. 584 .

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) , . , , . , Malvern , - , . ( - ) - . , . , - - , - , (). , , , . , , , - - [1-3 ].

:

1. A.G. Bezrukova, Proceedings of SPIE, V.3107 (1997), pp. 298-304.

2. O.L. Vlasova, A.G. Bezrukova, Proceedings of SPIE, V.5127(2003), 154-158.

3. A.G. Bezrukova, Proceedings of SPIE, V.7377 (2009), pp. 73770B-1 73770B-6.

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