, , ,

<<


 >>  ()
Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 13 | 14 || 16 | 17 |   ...   | 29 |

A POLITICAL HISTORY OF PARTHIA BY NEILSON C. DEBEVOISE THE ORIENTAL INSTITUTE THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO THE U N IV E R SIT Y OF CHICAGO ...

-- [ 15 ] --

Butcher K. Bactrian camels in Roman Arabia // Berytus. Vol. XLII. 1995-1996.

P. 113-116.

Butcher K. Roman Syria and the Near East. London;

Los Angeles, 2003.

Buttrey Th. V. Thea Neotera on Coins o f Antony and Cleopatra // ANSMN. VI.

1954. P. 95-109.

Buttrey Th. V. The Denarius o f P. Ventidius // ANSMN. IX. 1960. P. 95-108.

Callatay F. de. Abdissars lAdiabnien // Iraq. Vol. LVIII. 1996. P. 135-145.

Campbell Bri. Teach Yourself how to be a General // JRS. Vol. LXXVII. 1987.

P. 13-29.

Campbell Bri. War and diplomacy: Rome and Parthia, 31 B.C. A.D. 235 // War and Society in the Roman World / Ed. by J. Rich and G. Shipley. London;

New York, 1993 (Leicester-Nottingham Studies in Ancient Society. Vol. 5). P. 213-240.

Campbell Bri. The Severan dynasty // The Cambridge Ancient History. 2nd ed.

Vol. XII: The Crisis o f Empire, A.D. 193-337 / Ed. by A. K. Bowman, P. Gamsey, Av. Cameron. Cambridge;

New York, 2005. P. 1-27.

Campbell Bro. The Roman Pottery from Seh Qubba, North Iraq // EFRE. Pt. I.

1989. P. 53-65.

Campbell D. B. What happened at Hatra? The Problem o f the Severan Siege Operations // DRBE. Pt. I. 1986. P. 51-58.

Camplani A.f Gnoli T. Edessa e Roma. A proposito di un libro recente // MedAnt.

An. 4, fasc. 1.2001. P. 41-68.

Canali De Rossi F. (a cura di) Iscrizioni dello estremo oriente greco: Un reper torio. Bonn, 2004 (Inschriften griechischer Stdte aus Kleinasien. Bd. 65).

Capdetrey L. Le basilikon et les cits grecques dans le royaume sleucide: mo dalits de redistribution de la richesse royale et formes de dependence des cits // Topoi. Suppl. 6. 2004. P. 105-129.

Capdetrey L. Le pouvoir sleucide: Territoire, administration, finances dun royaume hellnistique (312-129 avant J.-C.). Rennes, 2007.

Caquot A. N ouvelles inscriptions aramennes de Hatra // Syria. T. XXIX, fasc. 1-2. 1952. P. 89-118.

Caquot A. Nouvelles inscriptions aramennes de Hatra // Syria. T. XXX, fasc. 3-4.

1953. P. 234-246.

Caquot A. Appendice. Note sur le Semeion et les inscriptions aramennes de Hatra II Syria. T. XXXII, fasc. 1-2. 1955a. P. 59-69.

Caquot A. Nouvelles inscriptions aramennes de Hatra (III) // Syria. T. XXXII, fasc. 1-2. 19556. P. 49-58.

Caquot A. Nouvelles inscriptions aramennes de Hatra (IV) // Syria. T. XXXII, fasc. 3-4. 1955c. P. 261-272.

Caquot A. Sur lonomastique religieuse de Palmyre II Syria. T. XXXIX, fasc. 3-4.

1962. P. 231-256.

Caquot A. N ouvelles inscriptions aramennes de Hatra ( V ) // Syria. T. XL, fasc. 1-2. 1963. P. 1-16.

Caquot A. Nouvelles inscriptions aramennes de Hatra (VI) Il Syria. T. XLI, fasc. 3-4. 1964. P. 251-272.

Carey B. T. Legion versus Cavalry: The Battle o f Carrhae H Carey B. T. Warfare in the Ancient World. Barnsley, 2007. P. 113-116, 171.

Carrata Thornes F. Gli Alani nella politica orientale di Antonio Pio. Torino, (Universit di Torino. Pubblicazioni della Facolt di lettere e filosofia. Vol. 10, fasc. 2).

Carrhae, Battle o f // HDAMW. 1998. P. 58.

Caruana I. Part o f the third century Roman limes at Zairwan II Iraq. Vol. XLVIII.

1986. P. 131-132.

Cerfaux L. Bardesanes // RAChr. Bd. 1. 1950. Col. 1180-1186.

Chahin M. The Kingdom o f Armenia. London;

New York, 1987 [New York, 1991;

2nd, rev. ed.: Richmond, 2001].

Champlin E. The Chronology o f Fronto 11 JRS. Vol. LXIV. 1974. P. 136-159.

Champlin E. Fronto and Antonine Rome. Cambridge (Mass.);

London, 1980.

Champlin E. Nero. Cambridge (Mass.);

London, 2003.

Chaumont M. L. Recherches sur les institutions de lIran ancien et de lArmnie.

I. Les fonctions dintronisateur royal et de chef de la cavalerie chez les Arsacides et les Sassanides // JA. T. CCXLIX, fasc. 3. 1961. P. 297-320.

Chaumont M. L. Recherches sur les institutions de lIran ancien et de lArmnie.

II. Le titre et la fonction d argapat et de dizpat II JA. T. CCL, fasc. 1. 1962.

P. 11-22.

Chaumont M.-L. Le culte de la desse Anhit (Anahit) dans la religion des monarques dIran et dArmnie au Ier sicle de notre re // JA. T. CCLIII, fasc. 2.

1965. P. 167-181.

Chaumont M. L. Lordre des prsances la cour des Arsacides dArmnie II JA. T. CCLIV, fasc. 3-4 [1966]. 1967. P. 471-497.

Chaumont M.-L. Recherches sur l histoire d Armnie de lavnement des Sassanides la conversion du royaume. Paris, 1969.

Chaumont M.-L. tats vassaux dans lEmpire des premiers Sassanides // Air. 4.

1975. P. 89-156.

Chaumont M. L. LArmnie entre Rome et lIran. I. De lavnement dAuguste lavnement de Diocltien II ANRW. T. II. Bd. 9. Hlbbd. 1. 1976. P. 71-194.

Chaumont M.-L. Tigranocerte: donnes du problme et tat des recherches II REArm. NS. T. XVI. 1982. P. 89-110.

Chaumont M.-L. A propos dune re dArtaxata, capitale de la Grande Armnie II REArm. NS. T. XVIII/2. 1984a. P. 397-409.

Chaumont M. L. Lexpdition de Pompe le Grand en Armnie et au Caucase (66-65 av. J.-C.) // QCSCM. An. 6. 19846. P. 17-94.

Chaumont M.-L. Agathias II Elr. Vol. I. 1985a. P. 608-609.

Chaumont M. L. Albania II Elr. Vol. I. 19856. P. 806-810.

Chaumont M. L. Ammianus Marcellinus II Elr. Vol. I. 1985c. P. 977-979.

Chaumont M. L. A propos des premires interventions parthes en Armnie et des circonstances de l avnement de Tigrane le Grand // AAntASH. T. XXXI, fasc. 1-2.

1985-1988. P. 13-25 [= CSHPICA-IV. 1990. P. 19-31].

Chaumont M. L. Antony, Mark II Elr. Vol. Vol. II. 1987a. P. 136-138.

Chaumont M. L. Appianus (Appian) o f A lexandria// Elr. Vol. II. 19876.

P. 162-163.

Chaumont M. L. Armenia and Iran. II. The Pre-islamic Period// Elr. Vol. II.

1987c. P. 418-438.

Chaumont M. L. Arrian II Elr. Vol. II. 1987c/. P. 523-524.

Chaumont M. L. Un document mconnu concernant lenvoi dun ambassadeur parthe vers Septime Svre (P. Dura 60 .) Il Historia. Bd. XXXVI. 1987e.

P. 422-447.

Chaumont M. L. Aurelius Victor II Elr. Vol. III. 1989a. P. 28-29.

Chaumont M. L. Balsagn. I. In Pre-islamic T im es// Elr. Vol. III. 19896.

P. 580-582.

Chaumont M. L. Cassiodorus II Elr. Vol. V. 1992a. P. 63-65.

Chaumont M.-L. chos de la campagne de Tibre en Armnie (20 av. J.-C.) dans une pigramme de Krinagoras (Anthologia Palatina, IX, 430) Il AntClass. T. LXI.

19926. P. 178-191.

Chaumont M.-L. Fondations sleucides en Armnie mridionale // Syria. T. LXX, fasc. 3-4. 1993. P. 431-441.

Chaumont M.-L. Bois sacrs dans lArmnie paenne// REArm. NS. T. 25.

1994-1995. P. 157-169.

Chaumont M. L. Darius. VIII. Darius Son o f Artabanus // Elr. Vol. VII. 1996a.

P. 55.

Chaumont M. L. Dio Cassius // Elr. Vol. VII. 1996b. P. 420-421.

Chaumont M.-L. Tigrane le Jeune, fils de Tigrane le Grand: rvolte contre son pre et captivit Rome // REArm. NS. T. 28. 2001-2002. P. 225-247.

Chkeidze Th. Georgia. V. Linguistic Contacts with Iranian Languages // Elr.

Vol. X. 200 l.P. 486-490.

Choisnel E. Les Parthes et la Route de la Soie. Paris;

Budapest;

Torino, 2004.

CizekE. propos de la guerre parthique de Trajan // Latomus. T. 53, fasc. 2.

1994. P. 376-385.

Clairmont Chr. W. The Excavations at Dura-Europos conducted by Yale Uni versity and the French Academy o f Inscriptions and Letters. Final Report IV. Pt. V:

The Glass Vessels. New Haven, 1963.

Cohen G. M. The Seleuicid Colonies: Studies in Founding, Administration and Organization. Wiesbaden, 1978 (HistEz. Ht. 30).

Cohen G. M. The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa. Berkeley;

Los Angeles;

London, 2006 (HCS. XLVI).

Colledge M. A. R. The Art o f Palmyra. London, 1976a.

Colledge M. A. R. Le temple de Bel Palmyre: qui fait, et pourquoi? // PalmBP.

19766. P. 45-52.

Colledge M. A. R. Some Observations on Sculptors Stone-Carving Techniques at Hatra // Sumer. Vol. XXXIII, No. 1. 1977. P. 135-140.

Colledge M. A. R. The Parthian Period. Leiden, 1986 (Iconography o f Religions.

Sect. XIV: Iran. Fasc. 3).

Colledge M. Greek and non-Greek Interaction in the Art and Architecture o f the Hellenistic East//HEast. 1987a. P. 134-162.

Colledge M. A. R. Parthian Cultural Elements at Roman Palmyra // Mesopotamia.

Vol. XXII. Firenze, 19876. P. 19-28.

Colpe C. Hyrkanos // DKP. Bd. II. 1967. Col. 1295-1296.

Colpe C. Die Arsakidennachrichten bei Josephus I! Josephus-Studien. Untersu chungen zu Josephus, dem antiken Judentum und dem Neuen Testament. Otto Michel zum 70. Geburtstag gewidmet / Hrsg. O. Betz, M. Hengel, C. Haacker. Gttingen, 1974. S. 97-108.

Coppola C. I Parthica d Arriano nella biblioteca di Fozio // Studi salemitani in memoria di Raffaele Cantarella / A cura di I. Gallo. Salerno, 1981. P. 475-491.

Corcella A. Dove ebbe luogo la battaglia di Europos? // QS. An. XXVIII. N. 55/1.

2002. P. 67-97.

Cotton H. M., Cockle W. E. #., Millar F. G. B. The Papyrology o f the Roman Near East: A Survey // JRS. Vol. LXXXV. 1995. P. 214-235.

Coulston J. C. Roman archery equipment // The Production and Distribu tion o f Roman Military Equipment. Proceedings o f the Second Roman Military Equipment Research Seminar / Ed. by M. C. Bishop. Oxford, 1985 (BARIS. 275).

P. 220-366.

CoulstonJ. . Roman, Parthian and Sassanid Tactical Developments // DRBE.

Pt. I. 1986. P. 59-75.

Cox D. H. The Excavations at Dura-Europos conducted by Yale University and the French Academy o f Inscriptions and Letters. Final Report IV. Pt. I. Fasc. 2:

The Greek and Roman Pottery. New Haven;

London;

Oxford, 1949.

CrowJ. G., French D. H. New research on the Euphrates frontier in Turkey// RFS-1979. 1980. P. 903-912.

Crowther Ch. Inscriptions o f Antiochus I o f Commagene and other epigraphical finds 11 Early R. et al. Zeugma: Interim Reports. Rescue Excavations (Packard Humanities Institute), Inscription o f Antiochus I, Bronze Statue o f Mars, House and Mosaic o f the Synaristsai, and Recent Work on the Roman Army at Zeugma.

Portsmouth, 2003 (JRASS. No. 51). P. 57-67.

Cumont F. The Dura Mithraeum // MithrSt. Vol. I. 1975. P. 151-214.

Cumont F., R osto vtzeff . I. et al. The M ithraeum // EDEPR 7 -8. 1939.

P. 62-134.

Curatola G., Forest J.-D., Gallois N., Lippolis C., Venco Ricciardi R. Iraq: arte dai Sumerai ai califfi. Milano, 2006.

Curatola G., Forest J.-D., Gallois N., Lippolis C., Venco Ricciardi R. The Art and Architecture o f Mesopotamia. New York;

London, 2007.

Curran J. The Ambitions o f Quintus Labienus Parthicus // Antichthon. Vol. 41.

2007. P. 33-53.

Dqbrowa E. Les troupes auxiliaires de larme romaine en Syrie au 1er sicle de notre re II DHA. 5. 1979. P. 233-254.

Dqbrowa E. LAsie Mineure sous les Flaviens: recherches sur la politique pro vinciale. Wroclaw, 1980 (Prace Komisji Filologii Klasycznej. Nr. 18).

Dqbrowa E. Le limes anatolien et la frontire caucasienne au temps des Flaviens II Klio. Bd. 62, Ht. 2. 19806. P. 379-388.

Dqbrowa E. La garnison romaine Doura-Europos. Influence du camp sur la vie de la ville et ses consequences //ZNUJ. DCXIII. Prace Historyczne. Zesz. 70. 1981a.

P. 61-75.

Dqbrowa E. Quelques remarques sur le limes romain en Anatolie et en Syrie lpoque du Haut Empire // FO. T. XXI [1980]. 19816. P. 245-252.

D qbrowa E. Les rapports entre Rome et les Parthes sous Vespasien // Syria.

T. LVIII, fasc. 1-2. 1981c. P. 187-204.

Dqbrowa E. Sur la cration de la legion XVI Flauia II Latomus. T. XLI, fasc. 3.

1982. P. 614-619.

D qbrowa E. La politique de tat parthe lgard de Rome dArtaban II a Vologse I (ca 11 ca 79 de n. e) et les facteurs qui la conditionnaient. Krakow, 1983 (Uniwersytet Jagiellonski. Rozprawy habilitacyjne. Nr. 74).

Dqbrowa E. Le programme de la politique en Occident des derniers Arsacides.

Essai de reconstitution II IA. Vol. XIX. 1984. P. 149-165.

Dqbrowa E. Ala Flavia Agrippiana et Ala II Flavia Agrippiana // ZPE. Bd. 59.

1985. P. 227-233.

Dqbrowa E. Lattitude dOrode II lgard de Rome de 49 42 av. n. II Latomus.

T. XLV, fasc. 1. 1986a. P. 119-124.

Dqbrowa E. The Frontier in Syria in the First Century A.D. // DRBE. Pt. I. 19866.

P. 93-108.

Dqbrowa E. Les premiers otages parthes R o m e// FO. T. XXIV. 1987.

P. 63-71.

Dqbrowa E. Roman Policy in Transcaucasia from Pompey to Domitian // EFRE.

Pt. I. 1989. P. 67-76.

Dqbrowa E. Knige Syriens in der Gefangenschaft der Parther. Zwei Episoden aus der Geschichte der Beziehungen der Seleukiden zu den Arsakiden // Tyche. Bd. 7.

1992. S. 45-54.

Dqbrowa E. Legio X Fretensis: A Prosopographical Study o f its Officers (I .III A.D.). Stuttgart, 1993 (HistEz. Ht. 66).

Dqbrowa E. The Bellum Commagenicum and the Omamenta Triumphalia o f M. Ulpius Traianus // RBAE. 1994. P. 19-27.

Dqbrowa E. The commanders o f Syrian legions, 1st 3rd c. A.D. // RAE. 1996.

P. 277-296.

Dqbrowa E. The Rivers in the Defensive System o f Roman Syria (From Augus tus to Septimius Severus) // Roman Frontier Studies 1995: Proceedings o f the XVIth International Congress o f Roman Frontier Studies / Ed. W. Groenman-van Waater ing, B. L. van Beek, W. J. H. Willems, S. L. Wynia. Oxford, 1997 (Oxbow Mono graph 91). P. 109-111.

Dqbrowa E. The Governors o f Roman Syria from Augustus to Septimius Severus.

Bonn, 1998 (AAAG. Bd. 45).

Dqbrowa E. Legio III Gallica // LRHE. T. I. 2000a. P. 309-315.

Dqbrowa E. Legio X Fretensis // LRHE. T. I. 20006. P. 317-325.

Dqbrowa E. ...ostentasse Romana arma satis... The military factor in Roman Parthian relations under Augustus and Tiberius // Limes-XVIII. Vol. I. 2002.

P. 275-279.

Dqbrowa E. Les colonies et la colonisation romaine en Anatolie et au Proche-Ori ent (II s. aprs J.-C.): nouvelles observations // Electrum. Vol. 7. 2003. P. 71-82.

III Dqbrowa E. De lassujettissement lindpendance. Observations sur les rela tions entre les Sleucides et les Maccabes (de 152 env. 114 av. J.-C.) // Electrum.

Vol. 8. 2004. P. 67-84.

Dqbrowa E. Marc Antoine, les Parthes et lArmnie // Studi sulleta di Marco Antonio / A cura di G. Trana, con la collaborazione di B. Tis e P. Buongiomo.

Galatina, 2006 (Rudiae. Ricerche sul mondo classico. 18). P. 341-352.

Dqbrowa E. Rec. ad op.: Lerouge Ch. Limage des Parthes dans le monde grco romain: Du dbut du Ier sicle av. J.-C. jusqu la fin du Haut-Empire romain. Stutt gart, 2007 (OrOcc. Bd. 17) // Electrum. Vol. 14. 2008. P. 151-152.

Dailey S. Bel at Palmyra and elsewhere in the Parthina Period // ARAM. Vol. 7, No. 1. 1995. P. 137-151.

Dandamayev M. A. Bickerman, Elias Joseph // Elr. Vol. IV. 1990. P. 235-236.

Dando-Collins S. Mark Antonys Heroes: How the Third Gallica Legion saved an Apostle and created an Emperor. Hoboken, 2007.

Dandrau A. Gypse, pltre, et djousse H DEE-IV. 1997. P. 155-157.

Dandrau A. Etude ptrigraphique des induits peints retrouvs dans le sanctuaire de la rue principale de Doura-Europos // DEE-V. 2004. P. 113-117.

Darke H. S. G. Cambridge History o f Iran // Elr. Vol. IV. 1990. P. 724-726.

D e SienaA. A. Sesto Clelio e Yaffaire Tigran il G iovane// Studi sulleta di Marco Antonio / A cura di G. Trana, con la collaborazione di B. Tis e P. Buon giomo. Galatina, 2006 (Rudiae. Ricerche sul mondo classico. 18). P. 269-293.

Debecq J. Les Parthes et Rome // Latomus. T. X, fasc. 4. 1951. P. 459-469.

Debevoise N. C. Rec. ad op.: The Excavatious at Dura-Europos conducted by Yale University and the French Academy o f Inscriptions and Letters: Preliminary Report o f the Six Season o f Work, October, 1932 March, 1933 / Ed. by . I. Ros tovtzeff, A. R. Bellinger, C. Hopkins, and C. B. Welles. New Haven, 1936 // CPh.

Vol. XXXIV, No. 4. 1939. P. 391-392.

Debevoise N. C. The Origin o f Decorative Stucco // AJA. Vol. XLV, No. 1. 1941.

P. 45-61.

Debevoise N. C. Rec. ad op.: The Excavatious at Dura-Europos conducted by Yale University and the French Academy o f Inscriptions and Letters: Preliminary Report o f the Seventh and Eighth Seasons o f Work, 1933-34 and 1934-35 / Ed. by . I. Rostovtzeff, F. E. Brown, and C. B. W elles. N ew Haven, 1 9 3 9 // CPh.

Vol. XXXVII, No. 3. 1942. P. 349.

D ebevoise N. C. Rec. ad op.: Robinson D. M. Baalbek, Palmyra. New York, 1946 // CPh. Vol. XLII, No. 4. 1947. P. 264.

Debi M. Record keeping and chronicle writing in Antioch and Edessa // ARAM.

Vol. 12, No. 1. 2000. P. 4 0 9 ^ 1 7.

Ddyan G. Les cavaliers armniens: du cataphractaire au chevalier // HDCM.

18, II. 1988. P. 15-46.

Ddyan G. Le cavalier armnien // From Byzantium to Iran: Armenian Studies in Honour o f Nina G. Garsoan / Ed. by J.-P. Mah, R. W. Thomson. Atlanta, (Columbia University Program in Armenian Studies, No. 8;

Suren D. Fesjian Academic Publications. No. 5). P. 197-228.

Degen R. Zur Bedeutung von bgn in den Hatra-Inschriften H Degen R.y Ml ler W. W., Rllig W. Neue Ephemeris fr Semitische Epigraphik. Bd. 2. Wiesbaden, 1974. S. 99-104.

Degeorge G. Palmyre: mtropole caravaniere. Paris, 2001.

Deimann-Merten M. Ventidius. 1/5. P. V. Bassus //DKP. Bd. V. 1975. Col. 1170 1172.

Dembski G. Der Nahe Osten unter der Herrschaft Roms // WS. 1996. S. 37-45.

Dent A. Arrians Array: The battle order o f a Roman Governor in Asia Minor during the second century, A.D. // HistToday. Vol. XXIV, No. 8. 1974. P. 570-574.

Denzey N. Bardaisan o f Edessa // A Companion to Second-Century Christian Heretics / Ed. by A. Marjanen and P. Luomanen. Leiden;

Boston, 2005 (Sup plem ents to V igiliae Christianae [Formerly Philosophia Patrum]. Vol. 76).

P. 159-184.

D er N er session S. The Armenians. London, 1969 (Ancient Peoples and Places.

Vol. 68).

D evijverH. Equestrian officers in the E ast// EFRE. Pt. I. 1989. P. 77- [= Devijver H. The Equestrian Officers of the Roman Imperial Army. Vol. 2. Stuttgart, 1992 (MRAR. Vol. IX). P. 66-100].

Devine A. M. The Parthi, the Tyranny o f Tiberius, and the Date o f Q. Curtius Rufus // Phoenix. Vol. XXXIII, No. 2. 1979. P. 142-159.

D i Nucci G. Cenni sullimportanza dei ritrovamenti papirologico-giuridici di Petra, Dura e Nessana: studio introduttivo // IurOr. Vol. II. 2006. P. 27-51.

Dickie I. Carrhae, 53 B.C. // D evries K. et al. Battles o f the Ancient World, 1285 B.C. A.D. 451: From Kadesh to Catalaunian Field. N ew York, 2007.

P. 140-149.

Dien . . Palmyra as a Caravan City // SR. Vol. 2, No. 1. 2004. P. 21-28.

Dignas B.y Winter E. Rome and Persia in Late Antiquity: Neighbours and Rivals.

Cambridge;

New York, 2007.

D ijkstraK. State and Steppe: The Socio-Political Implications o f Hatra Inscrip tion 79 / / JSS. Vol. XXXV, No. 1. 1990. P. 81-98.

Dijkstra K. Life and Loyalty: A Study in the Socio-Religious Culture o f Syria and Mesopotamia in the Graeco-Roman Period based on Epigraphical Evidence.

Leiden ;

New York;

Kln, 1995 (RGRW. Vol. 128).

Dillemann L. Haute Msopotamie orientale et pays adjacents. Contribution la gographie historique de la region, Ve s. avant lre chrtienne au VIe s. de cette re.

Paris, 1962 (BArchHist. T. LXXII).

Dirven L. The nature o f the trade between Palmyra and Dura-Europos // ARAM.

Vol. 8, No. 1. 1996. P. 39-54.

D irven L. The Arrival o f the Goddess Allt in Palmyra // Mesopotamia.

Vol. XXXIII. 1998. P. 297-307.

Dirven L. The Palmyrenes o f Dura-Europos: A Study o f Religious Interaction in Roman Syria. Leiden;

Boston, 1999 (RGRW. Vol. 138).

Dirven L. Banquet scenes from Hatra // ARAM. Vol. 17, No. 1. 2005. P. 61-82.

Dirven L. 10, smv \ signum. A note on the Romanization o f the Semitic cultic standard II Parthica. Vol. 7 [2005]. 2006. P. 119-136.

Dirven L. Hatra: a pre-Islamic Mecca in the Eastern Jazirah // ARAM. Vol. 19, No. 1-2. 2007. P. 363-380.

Dirven L. Aspects o f Hatrene religion: A note on the statues o f kings and nobles from Hatra // The Variety o f Local Religious Life in the Near East in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods / Ed. by T. Kaizer. Leiden;

Boston, 2008 (RGRW. Vol. 164).

P. 209-246.

Donovan T. The Catastrophic Era: Rome versus Persia in the Third Century.

Baltimore, 2006.

Dorna Metzger F. Hellenistic and Parthian-Roman Pottery from the Upper Khabur Survey: A Preliminary Study // CChNM. 1996. P. 363-376.

D orna M etzger F. Funerary Buildings at H atra// Electrum. Vol. 2. 1998.

P. 45-53.

Dorna Metzger F. Ledificio A e la strada settentrionale // Topoi. Vol. 10, fasc. [2000]. 2002a. P. 179-195.

Dorna M etzger F. Hatra: gli edifici funerari // Topoi. Vol. 10, fasc. 1 [2000].

20026. P. 197-215.

Dorna M etzger F. I vetri di H atra// Topoi. Vol. 10, fasc. 1 [2000]. 2002c.

P. 253-265.

Dorna Metzger F., Venco Ricciardi R. Archaeological research at Hatra. Fourth preliminary report. 1995 season // Mesopotamia. Vol. XXXIII. 1998. P. 261-273.

DrnerF. K. Arsameia // DKP. Bd. I. 1964. Col. 609-610.

Drner F. K. Mithras in Kommagene // Air. 17. 1978. P. 123-133.

D rnerF. K.y G oell Th. Arsameia am Nymphaios. Die Ausgrabungen im Hierothesion des Mithradates Kallinikos von 1 9 5 3 -1 9 5 6 / Mit Beitragen von H.-G. Bachmann et al. Berlin, 1963 (Istanbuler Forschungen. Bd. 23).

D over K. J. Romes Relations with Parthia, . 92 B.C. . 230 A.D.: Thesis (M. Litt.) University o f Newcastle upon Tyne. Newcastle upon Tyne, 1981.

Downey S. . Cult Banks from Hatra // Berytus. Vol. XVI. 1966. P. 97-109.

D owney S. The Jewelry o f Hercules at Hatra // AJA. Vol. 72, No. 3. 1968a.

P. 211-217.

D owney S. Notes sur une stle de Hatra// Syria. T. XLV, fasc. 1-2. 19686.

P. 105-109.

Downey S. B. The Excavations at Dura-Europos conducted by Yale University and the French Academy o f Inscriptions and Letters. Final Report III. Pt. I. Fasc. 1:

The Heracles Sculpture. New Haven;

Locust Valley, 1969.

Downey S. B. A New Relief o f Nergal from Hatra // Sumer. Vol. XXVI, No. 1-2.

1970a. P. 227-229.

Downey S. B. A Preliminary Corpus of the Standards o f Hatra II Sumer. Vol. XXVI, No. 1-2. 19706. P. 195-225.

Downey S. B. The Jewelry o f Hercules at Hatra, Addendum // AJA. Vol. 76, No. 1. 1972. P. 77-78.

Downey S. B. A Goddess on a Lion from Hatra // Sumer. Vol. XXX, No. 1-2.

1974a. P. 175-178.

D o w n eyS. B. A Stele from H atra// Sumer. V ol. X X X, No. 1-2. 19746.

P. 179-182.

Downey S. B. The Excavations at Dura-Europos conducted by Yale University and the French Academy o f Inscriptions and Letters. Final Report III. Pt. I. Fasc. 2:

The Stone and Plaster Sculpture. Los Angeles, 1977a [= Monumenta Archaeologica.

Vol. 5].

Downey S. B. Temples Escaliers: The Dura Evidence II CSCA. Vol. 9. 19776.

P. 21-39.

Downey S. B. Syrian Images o f Mithras Tauroctonos // Air. 17. 1978. P. 135-149.

Downey S. B. Images o f Deities used in the Decoration o f Costumes at Hatra // Sumer. Vol. XXXIX, No. 1-2. 1983. P. 211-216.

Downey S. B. Two Buildings at Dura-Europos and the Early History o f Iwan // Mesopotamia. Vol. XX. 1985. P. 111-129.

Downey S. B. The Citadel Palace at Dura-Europos // DEE-I. 1986. P. 27-37.

Downey S. B. Art in Iran. IV. Parthian // Elr. Vol. II. 1987a. P. 580-585.

Downey S. B. Regional Variation in Parthian Religious Architecture II Mesopo tamia. Vol. XXII. 19876. P. 29-55.

Downey S. B. Further Observations on the Citadel Palace at Dura-Europos // DEE-II. 1988a. P. 343-347.

Downey S. B. Mesopotamian Religious Architecture: Alexander through the Par thians. Princeton, 19886.

D owney S. B. The Palace o f the Dux Ripae at Dura-Europos // CHistCACP.

1988c. P. 38-41.

Downey S. B. The Palace o f the Dux Ripae at Dura-Europos II HistCACP. 1991.

P. 17-21.

Downey S. B. Archival Archaeology. Frank Browns Notes on the Citadel Palace at Dura-Europos // DEE-III. 1992. P. 141-151.

D owney S. B. Hellenistic, local, and Near Eastern elements in the terracotta production o f Dura-Europos // SOR. Vol. LXX, 2. 1993a. P. 129-145.

Downey S. B. New Soundings in the Temple o f Zeus Megistos at Dura-Europos // Mesopotamia. Vol. XXVIII. 19936. P. 169-193.

Downey S. . The Palace o f the Dux Ripae at Dura-Europos and Palatial

Architecture o f Late Antiquity // Eius Virtutis Studiosi: Classical and Postclassical Studies in Memory o f Frank Edward Brown (1908-1988) / Ed. by R. T. Scott and A. R. Scott. Washington;

Hanover;

London, 1993c (Studies in the History o f Art.

43;

Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts: Symposium Papers. XXIII).

P. 182-198.

Downey S. . Dura-Europos // EAAntCO-II. Vol. II. 1994. P. 401-403.

Downey S. B. Excavations in the Temple o f Zeus Megistos at Dura-Europos, 1994 // Mesopotamia. Vol. XXX. 1995. P. 241-250.

Downey S. B. Terracotta Plaques as Evidence for Connections between Palmyra and Dura-Europos // AAAS. Vol. XLII. 1996. P. 253-260.

DowneyS. B. Excavations in the Temple o f Zeus Megistos at Dura-Europos, 1992 // DEE-IV. 1997a. P. 107-116.

DowneyS. B. Excavations in the Temple o f Zeus Megistos at Dura-Europos, 1996 // AJA. Vol. 101, No. 2. 19976. P. 340.

Downey S. B. The transformation o f Seleucid Dura-Europos // Romanization and the City: Creation, Transformations, and Failures. Proceedings o f a conference held at the American Academy in Rome to celebrate the 50th anniversary o f the excava tions at Cosa, 14-16 May, 1998 / Ed. by E. Fentress. Portsmouth, 2000 (JRASS.

No. 38) P. 154-172.

Downey S. B. Lart et larchitecture parthes // DA. 271. 2002. P. 22-33.

Downey S. B. Terracotta Figurines and Plaques from Dura-Europos. Ann Arbor, 2003.

Downey S. B. Excavations in the Temle o f Zeus Megistos at Dura-Europos, 1994-1998 // DEE-V. 2004a. P. 41-55.

Downey S. B. Sculptures o f Divinities from the Temple o f Zeus at Doura-Euro pos // DEE-V. 20046. P. 153-161.

Downey S. B. A Statuette o f Heracles from Tall eh Hamad // Magdalu / Magdala:

Tall Sh Hamad von der postassyrischen Zeit bis zur rmischen Kaiserzeit / Hrsg.

von H. Khne. Berlin, 2005a (BATSH. Bd. 2). P. 187-192, 474-476.

D ow neyS. B. Zeus the Greatest in S yria// Parthica. Vol. 6 [2004]. 20056.

P. 117-128.

Downey S. B. Arms and Armour as Social Coding in Palmyra, the Palmyrne, and Dura-Europos // AAICT. 2006. P. 321-355.

Downey S. . A goddess and a votary or an image and a worshipper? Comments on a Sculptural Group from Dura-Europos // Parthica. Vol. 7 [2005]. 20066.

P. 113-118.

Downey S. B. Larte partica // SASG. 2007. P. 72-81.

Downey S. B. The Role o f Sculpture in Worship at the Temples o f Dura-Europos // The Sculptural Environment o f the Roman Near East: Reflections on Culture, Ideology, and Power / Ed. by Y. Z. Eliav, E. A. Friedland, and S. Herbert. Leuven;

Dudley, 2008 (Interdisciplinary Studies in Ancient Culture and Religion. 9). P. 413-436.

Drexhage R. Untesuchungen zum rmischen Osthandel. Bonn, 1988.

D rijvers H. J. W. Bardaisan o f Edessa. Assen, 1966 (Studia Semitica Neer landica. No. 6).

D rijvers H. J. W. Aramese Inscripties uit H atra// Phoenix-L. Jg. 16. 1970.

P. 366-380.

Drijvers H. J. W. (ed.). Old-Syriac (Edessean) Inscriptions. Leyden, 1972 (Semitic Study Series. NS. No. 3).

Drijvers H. J. W. The Religion o f Palmyra. Leiden, 1976 (Iconography o f Reli gions. Sect. XV: Mesopotamia and the Near East. Fasc. 15).

D rijvers H. J. W. Hatra, Palmyra und Edessa. Die Stdte der syrisch-mesopota mischen Wste in politischer, kulturgeschichtlicher und religionsgeschichtlicher Beleuchtung // ANRW. T. II. Bd. 8. 1977. S. 799-906.

Drijvers H. J. W. Mithra at Hatra? Some remarks on the problem o f the Irano Mesopotamian syncretism/ / Air. 17. 1978. P. 151-186.

Drijvers H. J. W. Cults and Beliefs at Edessa. Leiden, 1980 (EPROER. T. 82).

D rijvers H. J. W. Ein neuentdecktes edessenisches Grabmosaik // AntW. Jg. 12, Ht.3. 1981. S. 17-20.

Drijvers H. J. W. A Tomb for the Life o f a King. A Recently Discovered Edes sene Mosaic with a Portrait o f King Abgar the Great// Muson. T. 95, fasc. 1-2.

1982. P. 167-189.

Drijvers H. J. W. Greek and Aramaic in Palmyrene Inscriptions // Studia Ara maica: New Sources and New Approaches. Papers delivered at the London Confer ence o f the Institute o f Jewish Studies, University College, London, 26th-28th June 1991 / Ed. by M. J. Geller, J. C. Greenfield and M. P. Weitzman;

with the assistance o f V. T. Mathias. Oxford;

New York, 1995 (JSS. Suppl. 4). P. 31-42.

Drijvers H. J. W., Healey J. F. The Old Syriac Inscriptions o f Edessa and Os rhoene: Texts, Translations and Commentary. Leiden;

Boston, 1999 (HdO. Abt. I:

Nahe und der Mittlere Osten. Bd. 42).

Drijvers J. W. Strabo on Parthia and the Parthians // PsZ. 1998. P. 279-293.

Drijvers J. W. Ammianus Marcellinus image o f Arsaces and early Parthian his tory II The Late Roman World and Its Historian: Interpreting Ammianus Marcellinus / Ed. by J. W. Drijvers and D. Hunt. London;

N ew York, 1999. P. 193-206.

Drijvers J. W. Ammianus Marcellinus Image o f Sasanian Society // rn ud Anern: Studien zu den Beziehungen zwischen dem Sasanidenreich und der Mit telmeerwelt. Beitrge des Internationalen Colloquiums in Eutin, 8. 9. Juni 2000 / Unter Mitarbeit von C. Binder hrsg. von J. Wiesehfer und Ph. Huyse. Stuttgart, 2006 (OrOcc. Bd. 13). P. 45-69.

Drower E. S. Hibil-Ziwa and the Parthian Prince // JRAS. 1954. P. 152-156.

Du Mesnil du Buisson R. Un bilingue aramen-grec de lpoque parthe Doura Europos // Syria. T. XIX, fasc. 2. 1938. P. 147-152.

Du Mesnil du Buisson R. Les peintures de la synagogue de Doura-Europos, 245-256 aprs J.-C. Roma, 1939 (Scripta Pontificii Instituti Biblici. 86).

Du Mesnil du Buisson R. Les ouvrages du siege Doura-Europos II MSNAF.

T. LXXXI. 1944. P. 5-60.

Du Mesnil du Buisson R. Les tessres et les monnaies de Palmyre: Un art, une culture et une philosophie grecs dans les moules dune cit et dune religion smitiques.

Inventaire des collections du Cabinet des mdailles de la Bibliothque Nationale.

Paris, 1962.

Du M esnil du Buisson R. Les origines du panthon palmyrnien II MUSJ.

T. XXXIX, fasc. 3. 1963. P. 169-195.

Duchesne-Guillemin J. Artavasdes II DKP. Bd. I. 1964a. Col. 615.

Duchesne-Guillemin J. Chosroes II DKP. Bd. I. 1964b. Col. 1160-1161.

Duchesne-Guillemin J. Tigranes // DKP. Bd. V. 1975. Col. 827-828.

Duchesne-Guillemin J. Tigranokerta // DKP. Bd. V. 19756. Col. 828-829.

Duchesne-Guillemin J. Tigris II DKP. Bd. V. 1975c. Col. 829.

D uchesne-G uillem in J. Iran and Greece in C om m agen e// Air. 17. 1978.

P. 187-199.

Duchesne-Guillemin J. Cumont, Franz Valry Marie II Elr. Vol. VI. 1993.

P. 454-455.

Duchesne-Guillemin J. Deipnosophistai // Elr. Vol. VII. 1996. P. 227-229.

Duncan-Jones R. Praefectus Mesopotamiae et Osrhoenae // CPh. Vol. 64, No. 4.

1969. P. 229-233.

Dupont-Sommer A. Deux inscriptions aramennes du lac Sevan// CRAI. (Janvier Mars). P. 126-130.

Dupont-Sommer A. Les inscriptions aramennes trouves prs du lac Sevan (Armnie) Il Syria. T. XXV, fasc. 1-2 [1946-1948]. 1948. P. 53-66.

Duyrat F. La circulation montaire dans 1Orient sleucide (Syrie, Phnicie, Msopotamie, Iran) // Topoi. Suppl. 6. 2004. P. 381-424.

Dyson St. L. The Excavations at Dura-Europos conducted by Yale University and the French Academy o f Inscriptions and Letters. Final Report IV. Pt. I. Fasc. 3:

The Commonware Pottery;

The Brittle Ware. New Haven;

Locust Valley, 1968.

E adieJ. W. The Development o f Roman Mailed Cavalry II JRS. Vol. LVII, Pt. 1-2. 1967. P. 161-173.

E adieJ. W. Artifacts o f Annexation: Trajans Grand Strategy and A rabia// The Craft o f the Ancient Historian. Essays in Honor o f Chester G. Starr / Ed. by J. W. Eadie and J. Obers. New York;

London, 1985. P. 407-423.

Eadie J. W. The Evolution o f the Roman Frontier in Arabia // DRBE. Pt. I. 1986.

P. 243-252.

Eck W., Pangerl A. Traians Heer im Partherkrieg. Zu einem neuen Diplom aus dem Jahr 115// Chiron. Bd. 35. 2005. S. 49-67.

Eder W. Dynastie der Seleukiden // DNPS-1. 2004. S. 30-32.

Eder W. The dynasty o f the Seleucids II BNPS-1. 2007. P. 31-33.

Edwell P. M. Between Rome and Persia: The middle Euphrates, Mesopotamia and Palmyra under Roman control. London;

New York, 2008.

Egea Vivancos A. Eufratense et Osrhoene: Poblamiento romano en el Alto ufrates Sirio. Murcia, 2005 (Antigedad y Cristianismo. XXII).

Ehling K. Seleukidische Geschichte zwischen 130 und 121 v. Chr. // Historia.

Bd. XLVII, Ht. 2. 1998. S. 141-151.

Ehling K. Der Herr der Ringe: Seleukos I. und andere Knige mit Ohrringen // Electrum. Vol. 10. 2005. S. 41-52.

Ehling K. Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der spten Seleukiden (164-63 v. Chr.).

Vom Tode des Antiochos IV. bis zur Einrichtung der Provinz Syria unter Pompeius.

Stuttgart, 2008 (HistEz. Ht. 196).

Ehrhardt N. Parther und parthische Geschichte bei T a citu s// PsZ. 1998.

S. 295-307.

Eiland M. L. Roman Coins found at Nineveh provide Evidence o f Trade between Rival Empires II Celator. Vol. 6, No. 11. 1992. P. 30-32.

E iland M. L. Parthians and Romans at N in ev eh // Electrum. Vol. 2. 1998.

P. 55-68.

Eilers . Un Orient romain, des campagnes de Pompe la mort dAuguste // Le monde hellnistique: Espaces, socits, cultures 323-31 av. J.-C. / Sous la direct, de A. Erskine. Rennes, 2004. P. 131-146.

Eissfedi O. Tempel und Kulte syrischer Stdte in hellenistisch-rmischer Zeit.

Leipzig, 1941 (Der Alte Orient. 40).

ElsnerJ. Cultural Resistance and the Visual Image: The Case o f Dura Europos // CPh. Vol. 96, No. 3. 2001. P. 269-304.

Elton H. Frontiers o f the Roman Empire. Bloomington;

Indianapolis, 1996.

Eremian S. The problem o f the decline o f slavery society and o f the rise o f feudal relations in ancient Armenia / / -. 1954. P. 122-132.

Erge R., nal M, Wagner J. Seleukeia am Euphrat/Zeugma. Archologische Forschungen in einer Garnisons- und Handelsstadt am Euphrat // GamE. 2000.

S. 105-113.

Erge R., Wagner J. Doliche und Iupiter Dolichenus // GamE. 2000. S. 85-91.

Esbroeck M. van. Le roi Sanatrouk et laptre Thadde// REArm. NS. T. IX.

1972. P. 241-283.

Esbroeck M. van. Armenia and Iran. V. Accounts o f Iran in Armenian Sources // Elr. Vol. II. 1987. P. 4 6 5 ^ 6 7.

Esbroeck M. van. La religion gorgienne pr-chrtienne // ANRW. T. II. Bd. 18.

Teilbd. 4. 1990. P. 2694-2725.

Fabri J. Ne sinas Medos equitare inultos... (Horace, Odes, I, 2, 51) // EtudClass.

T. XXX. 1962. P. 20-31.

Facella. : Roman perception o f Commagenian royalty // IKRI. 2005. P. 87-103.

Facella M. La dinastia degli Orontidi nella Commagene ellenistico-romana. Pisa, 2006 (Studi Ellenistici. XVII).

Fauth W. Mithras // DKP. Bd. III. 1969. Col. 1359-1364.

Fawcett . The Battle o f Carrhae: Parthia, 53 B.C. // How to lose a Battle: Foolish Plans and Great Military Blunders / Ed. by B. Fawcett. New York, 2006. P. 25-33.

Feissel D., Gascou J. Documents darchives romains indits du Moyen Euphrate (IIIe s. ap. J.-C.) // CRAI. 1989 (Juillet Dcembre). P. 535-561.

Feissel, Gascou J. Documents darchives romains indits du Moyen Euphrate (IIIe s. aprs J.-C.). I. Les ptitions (P. Euphr. 1 5) // JSav. 1995. P. 65-119.

Feissel D., Gascou J. Documents darchives romains indits du Moyen Euphrate (IIIe s. aprs J.-C.). III. Actes divers et letters (P. Euphr. 11 17) // JSav. 2000.

P. 157-208.

Feissel D., Gascou J., TeixidorJ. Documents d archives romains indits du Moyen Euphrate (IIIe s. aprs J.-C.). II. Les actes de vente-achat (P. Euphr. 6 10) // JSav. 1997. P. 3-57.

Fellmann R. Le tombeau prs du temple de Ba4alSamn, tmoin de deux sicles dhistoire palmyrnienne H PalmBP. 1976. P. 213-231.

Ferguson R. J. Rome and Parthia: Power Politics and Diplomacy Across Cul tural Frontiers. Gold Coast, 2005 (The Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies. Faculty o f Humanities and Social Sciences. Bond University, Australia.

Research Paper No. 12).

Ferrill A. Roman Imperial Grand Strategy. Lanham;

New York;

London, (Publications o f the Association o f Ancient Historians. 3).

FerrillA. Carrhae, Battle o f // The Readers Companion to Military History/ Ed. by R. Cowley and G. Parker. Boston;

New York, 1996. P. 71.

Findlater G. Limes A rabicus, via militaris and resource control in southern Jordan // Limes-XVIII. Vol. I. 2002. P. 137-152.

FinkR. O. Victoria Parthica and Kindred V ictories// YCS. Vol. VIII. 1942.

P. 79-101.

Fink R. ., Hoey A. S.t Snyder W. F. The Feriale Duranum // YCS. Vol. VII.

1940. P. 1-222.

Fischer H. Fragen der Beziehungen zwischen Rom und Parthien und ihre Widerspiegelung in der damaligen Literatur (Mitte des 1. Jh. v. u. Z. bis Mitte des 1. Jh. u. Z.) // Klio. Bd. 71, Ht. 2. 1989. S. 367-373.

Fischer Th. Seleukiden und Makkaber. Beitrge sur Seleukidengeschichte und zu den politischen Ereignissen in Juda whrend der 1. Hlfte des 2. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. Bochum, 1980.

Fishwick D. Dated Inscriptions and the F eriale Duranum II DEE-II. 1988.

P. 349-361.

Fleischer R. Studien zur seleukidischen Kunst. Bd. 1. Herrscherbildnisse. Mainz am Rhein, 1991.

Fleischer R. Hellenistic Royal Iconography on Coins II AHKing. 1996. P. 28-40.

Fies her P. V. M. Rereading the Reredos: David, Orpheus, and Messianism in the Dura Europos Synagogue // Ancient Synagogues: Historical Analysis and Archaeo logical Discovery. Vol. 2 / Ed. by D. Urman and P. V. M. Flesher. Leiden;

New York, 1995 (Studia Post-Biblica. Vol. 47). P. 346-366.

Foss C. The Coinage o f Tigranes the Great: Problems, Suggestions and a New Find // NC. Vol. 146. 1986. P. 19-66.

Foss C. Tigranes the Y ounger// JArmSt. Vol. V, No. 1. 1990-1991. P. 73-78.

Francis E. D. Mithraic graffiti from Dura-Europos// MithrSt. Vol. II. 1975.

P. 424-445.

Frankfort Th. La Sophne et Rome // Latomus. T. XXII. 1963. P. 181-190.

Fraser P. M. The Kings o f Commagene and the Greek World // Studien zur Religion und Kultur Kleinasiens. Festschrift fur Friedrich Karl Dmer zum 65.

Geburtstag am 28. Februar 1976 / Hrsg. von S. Cahin, E. Schwertheim, J. Wagner.

Bd. I. Leiden, 1978. S. 359-374.

Freeman Ph. The annexation o f Arabia and imperial Grand Strategy // RAE.

1996. P. 91-118.

French D. New Research on the Euphrates Frontier: Supplementary Notes 1 and 2//A F R B A. 1983. P. 71-101.

Frendo D. Cassius Dio and Herodian on the First Sasanian Offensive against the Eastern Provinces o f the Roman Empire (229-232) // BAI. NS. Vol. 16 [2002].

2006. P. 25-36.

Frendo D. Roman Expansion and the Graeco-Iranian World: Carrhae, Its Expla nation and Aftermath in Plutarch II BAI. NS. Vol. 17 [2003]. 2007. P. 71-81.

Frenschkowski M. Iranische Knigslegende in der Adiabene. Zur Vorgeschichte von Josephus: Antiquitates XX, 17-33 II ZDMG. Bd. 140, Ht. 2. 1990. S. 213-233.

Frenschkowski M. Parthica apocalyptica. Mythologie und Militrwesen irani scher Vlker in ihrer Rezeption durch die Offenbarung des Johannes // Jahrbuch fr Antike und Christentum. Jg. 47. Bonn, 2004. S. 16-57.

Freyberger K. S. Die frhkaiserzeitlichen Heiligtmer der Karawanenstationen im hellenistischen Osten. Zeugnisse eines kulturellen Konflikts im Spannungsfeld zweier politischer Formationen. Mainz am Rhein, 1998 (Damaczener Forschungen. Bd. 6).

Frzouls E. Inscription de Cyrrhus relative Q. Marcius Turbo // Syria. T. XXX, fasc, 3-4. 1953. P. 247-278.

Frzouls E. Questions durbanisme palmyrnien // PalmBP. 1976. P. 191-207.

Frzouls E. Les fonctions du Moyen-Euphrate lpoque romaine // TCRPOGA.

5. 1980. P. 355-386.

Frzouls E. Les fluctuations de la frontire orientale de lEmpire romain // TCRPOGA. 6. 1981. P. 177-225.

Frzouls E. Les relations romano-parthes avant lpoque flavienne II TCRPOGA.

13. 1995. P. 479-498.

Frisch T. G., Toll N. P. The Excavations at Dura-Europos conducted by Yale University and the French Academy o f Inscriptions and Letters. Final Report IV.

Pt. IV: The Bronze Objects. Fasc. 1: Pierced Bronzes, Enameled Bronzes, and Fibu lae. New Haven;

London;

Oxford, 1949.

Frost D. Coins o f the Parthia-Rome Confrontation // CNews. Vol. 46, No. 4.

1992. P. 100-101.

Frye R. N. Pehlevi Heterography in Ancient Georgia? // ArchOMEH. 1952.

P. 89-101.

Frye R. N. [Note on the title o f arkapates] // Welles . ., Fink R. 0. Gil liam J. F., with an Account o f the Three Iranian Fragments by W. B. Henning.

The Excavations at Dura-Europos conducted by Yale University and the French Academy o f Inscriptions and Letters. Final Report V. Pt. I: The Parchments and Papyri. New Haven, 1959. P. 111-112, n. 15.

Frye R. N. (ed.). The Parthian and Middle Persian Inscriptions o f Dura-Europos.

London, 1968 (CHr. Pt. Ill: Pahlavi Inscriptions. Vol. Ill: Dura-Europos. Portfolio I).

Frye R. N. Continuing Iranian Influences on Armenian I! Yd-nme-ye Irni-ye Minorsky / TadvTn-i M. MlnuvT va. Afshr. Tihrn, 1969 (Publications de lUniversit de Tehran. 1241;

GanjTnah- TahqTqt-i Irani. Shum. 57). P. 80-89 [= FOM.

Vol. 1. 1976. P. 150-160].

Frye R. N., Gilliam J. F., Ingholt #., Welles C. B. Inscriptions from Dura-Euro pos // YCS. Vol. XIV. 1955. P. 123-213.

Fujii H. Working Report on the First Seasons Work at Ayn-Shaiyah and Tokaqin Caves near Najaf II Sumer. Vol. XLV, No. 1-2. 1987-1988. P. 44-48.

Fujii H. et al. Textile from At-Tar Caves, Iraq // Rfidn. Vol. Ill 1982-1983.

IV.

P. 89-96.

Fujii H. et al. Textiles from at-Tar Caves, Iraq// Rfidn. Vol. XVII. 1996.

P. 145-186.

Fujii H. et al. Textiles from at-Tar Caves, Iraq // Rfidn. Vol. XVIII. 1997.

P. 311-360.

Fujii Sakamoto K. Cultural contacts between the East Mediterranean coastal area and Mesopotamia in centuries 1-3 A.D.: Marked characteristics o f the textiles unearthed from at-Tar Caves, Iraq // SOR. Vol. LXX, 2. 1993. P. 201-204.

Fukai Sh. The Artifacts o f Hatra and Parthian Art // EW. Vol. 11, No. 2 -3.1960.

P. 135-181.

Fukai Sh. Ceramics o f Ancient Persia. New York;

Tokyo;

Kyoto, 1981.

Fuks A. Aspects o f the Jewish Revolt in A.D. 1 1 5 -1 1 7 // JRS. Vol. LI. 1961.

P. 98-104.

Funke P. Die syrisch-mesopotamische Staatenwelt in vorislamischer Zeit. Zu den arabischen Macht- und Staatenbildungen an der Peripherie der antiken Gromchte im Hellenismus und in der rmischen Kaiserzeit // HellBeitr. 1996. S. 217-238.

Fynes R. C. C. Plant Souls in Jainism and Manichaeism. The Case for Cultural Transmission // EW. Vol. 46, No. 1-2. 1996. P. 21-44.

Gabba E. Slle influenze reciproche degli ordinainenti militari dei Parti e dei Romani // PMGR. 1966. P. 51-73 [= Gabba E. Per la storia dellesercito romano in eta imperiale. Bologna, 1974 (II mondo antico. Studi di storia e di storiografia. Vol. 3).

P. 7-42].

Gagosidze J. M. The Temples at Dedoplis Mindori // EW. Vol. 42, No. 1. 1992.

P. 27-48.

Gagoshidze I. The Iberian Horseman o f the First Century // Dziebani. 13-14.

2004. P. 118-142 [ , . .].

Gall H. von. Der Osten zur Zeit der rmischen Machtentfaltung // Kraus Th. Das rmische Weltreich. Berlin, 1967 (Propylen Kunstgeschichte. Bd. 2). S. 287-298.

Gall H. von. Zur figuralen Architekturplastik des groen Tempels von Hatra // BagM. Bd. 5. 1970. S. 7-32.

Gall H. von. Die Araber zwischen Golf und Mittelmeer und ihre Rolle in der Kunst der Partherzeit // GArch. 1991. S. 1-18.

Gailivan P. A. The False Neros: a Re-Examination // Historia. Bd. XXII, Ht. 2.

1973. P. 364-365.

G am ber O. Kataphrakten, Clibanarii, N orm annenreiter// JKSW. Bd. (NF. Bd. XXVIII). 1968. S. 7-44.

Garabetian B. M. The Coins o f Tigranes the Great // ArmNJ. Ser. 1. Vol. 3, No. 2.

1977. P. 13-16.

Garcia Moreno L. A. Hellenistic Ethnography and the Reign o f Augustus in Trogus Pompeius // AncW. Vol. XXIV, No. 2. 1993. P. 199-212.

Garibian de Vartavan N. Les traditions dynastiques parthes et le sige patriarcal en Armnie au IVe sicle II BPMOS. Vol. 1 2006. P. 43-65.

Gariboldi A. Antioco I di Commagene sulle monete II ICOER. 2007. P. 133-138.

Garsoan N. Prolegomena to a Study of the Iranian Aspects in Arsacid Armenia // HAms. Jg. XC, Ht. 1-12. 1976. Col. 177-234 [= ABS. 1985. No. X].

Garsoan N. G. The Locus o f the Death of Kings: Iranian Armenia the Inverted Image 11 The Armenian Image in History and Literature / Ed. by R. G. Hovannisian.

Malibu, 1981 (Studies in Near Eastern Culture and Society. 3). P. 27-64 [= ABS.

1985. No. XI].

Garsoan N. G. T'agaworanist kayeank ' kam Banak a rk uni: les rsidences royales des Arsacides arm niens// REArm. T. XXI. 1988-1989. P. 2 5 1 -2 6 [= ChCEMA. 1999. No. VIII].

Garsoan N. G. The Epic Histories attributed to Pcawstos Buzand (Buzandaran Patmut'iwnk''). Cambridge (Mass.), 1989 (Harvard Armenian Texts and Stud ies. 8).

Garsoan N. G. Lart iranien comme tmoin de larmement armnien sous les Arsacides II Atti del Quinto Simposio Intemazionale di Arte Armena: Venezia, Milano, Bologna, Firenze (1988, 28 m aggio 5 giugno) / Red. B. L. Zekiyan.

Venezia, 1991 P. 385-395 [= ChCEMA. 1999. No. X].

Garsoan N. G. Armenia // OEANE. Vol. 1. 1997. P. 202-207.

Garsoan N. The ArSakuni Dynasty (A.D. 12 [180?] 428) // The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times. Vol. I. The Dynastic Periods: From Antiquity to the Fourteenth Century / Ed. by R. G. Hovannisian. New York, 1997b. P. 63-94.

Garsoan N. G. Les elements iraniens dans l Armnie palochrtienne // Garsoan N. G., Mah J.-P. Des parthes au Califat. Quatre leons sur la formation de lidentit armnienne. Paris, 1997c (Travaux et Mmoires du Centre de recher ch dhistoire et civilization de Byzance. Collge de France. Monographies. 10).

P. 9-37.

Garsoan N. The Emergence o f Armenia H The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times. Vol. I. The Dynastic Periods: From Antiquity to the Fourteenth Century / Ed. by R. G. Hovannisian. New York, 1997c/. P. 37-62.

Grtner H. Moses Chorenai // DKP. Bd. III. 1969. Col. 1438.

Garzetti A. M. Licinio Crasso. VI: La campagna contro i Parti // Athenaeum. NS.

An. XXXII. Vol. XX1I/XXIII. 1944/1945. P. 35-61.

Garzetti A. La data dellincontro allEufrate di Artabano III e L. Vitellio Legato di Syria // Studi in onore di Aristide Calderini e Roberto Paribeni. Vol. I: Studi di storia e antichit'a greche e romane. Milano, 1956. P. 211-229.

Gascou J. Units administratives locales et fonctionnaires romains. Les donnes des nouveaux papyrus du Moyen Euphrate et dArabie // Lokale Autonomie und rmische Ordnungsmacht in den kaiserzeitlichen Provinzen vom 1. bis 3. Jahrhundert / Hrsg. von W. Eck;

unter Mitarbeit von E. Mller-Luckner. Mnchen, 1999 (Schriften des Historischen Kollegs. Kolloquien 42). P. 61-73.

Gaslain J. La bataille de Carrhae // HistAnt. 10. 2003. P. 60-65.

Gas lain J., Maleuvre J.-Y. Auguste et les Arsacides, ou le prix des enseignes II Parthica. Vol. 8 [2006]. 2007. P. 169-194.

Gates M.-H. Dura-Europos: A Fortress o f Syro-Mesopotamian Art II BiblArch.

Vol. 47, No. 3. 1984. P. 166-181.

Gatier P.-L. Inscriptions latines et reliefs du Nord de la Syrie II Syria. T. LXV, fasc. 1-2. 1988. P. 217-229.

Gatier P.-L. Une inscription latine du Moyen Euphrate // Syria. T. LXXI, fasc. 1-2.

1994. P. 151-157.

Gawlikowski M. Monuments funraires de Palmyre. Warszawa, 1970 (Travaux du Centre dArchologie Mditerranenne de Acadmie Polonaise des Sciences.

T. 9).

Gawlikowski M. Palmyre. VI: Le temple palmyrnien. Etude dpigraphie et de topographie historique. Warszawa, 1973.


Gawlikowski M. Les dfenses de Palmyre II Syria. T. LI, fasc. 3 4. 1974.

P. 231-242.

G awlikowski M. Les dfenses de Palmyre (R su m )// PalmBP. 1976.

P. 209-211.

Gawlikowski M. Lle de Bidjan, forteresse assyrienne et romaine II Archologia.

178. 1983a. P. 26-33.

Gawlikowski M. Palmyre et Euphrate// Syria. T. LX, fasc. 1-2. 19836.

P. 53-68.

Gawlikowski M. Bgn Island // A . Bd. XXIX/XXX. 1983/1984. P. 207.

Gawlikowski M. Bijan in the Euphrates// Sumer. Vol. XLII, No. 1-2. 1985.

P. 15-21.

Gawlikowski . La premire enceinte de Palmyre // FHMG. 1986. P. 51-54.

Gawlikowski M. The Roman Frontier on the Euphrates // Mesopotamia. Vol. XXII.

1987. P. 77-80.

Gawlikowski M. Le commerce de Palmyre sur terre et sur eau // ArabMB. 1988a.

P. 163-172.

Gawlikowski M. La route de lEuphrate dIsidore Julien / Gographie Historique au Proche-Orient (Syrie, Phnicie, Arabie, grecques, romaines, byzantines):

Actes de la Table Ronde de Valbonne, 16-18 septembre 1985 / Sous la direct, de P.-L. Gatier, B. Helly, J.-P. Rey-Coquais. Paris, 19886 (Notes et monographies techniques. 23). P. 77-97.

Gawlikowski M. Les dieux de Palmyre // ANRW. T. II. Bd. 18. Teilbd. 4. 1990.

P. 2605-2658.

Gawlikowski M. Fortress Hatra. New Evidence on Ramparts and Their History // Mesopotamia. Vol. XXIX. 1994. P. 147-184.

Gawlikowski M. A Fortress in Mesopotamia: Hatra // RBAE. 19946. P. 47-56.

Gawlikowski M. Palmyra as a trading centre // Iraq. Vol. LVI. 1994c. P. 27-33.

Gawlikowski M. Palmyra and Its Caravan Trade // AAAS. Vol. XLII. 1996a.

P. 139-145.

Gawlikowski M. Thapsacus and Zeugma: the crossing o f the Euphrates in Antiq u ity// Iraq. Vol. LVIII. 19966. P. 123-133.

Gawlikowski M. The Syrian Desert under the Romans // The Early Roman Empire in the East / Ed. S. E. Alcock. Oxford, 1997 (Oxbow Monograph 95). P. 37-54.

Gawlikowski M. The Last Kings o f Edessa // Symposium Syriacum VII. Uppsala University, Department o f Asian and African Languages, 11-14 August 1996 / Ed. by Ren Lavenant. Roma, 1998a (Orientalia Christiana Analecta. 256). P. 421-429.

Gawlikowski M. Rec. ad op.: Freyberger K. S. Die frhkaiserzeitlichen Heiligtmer der Karawanenstationen im hellenistischen Osten. Zeugnisse eines kulturellen Kon flikts im Spannungsfeld zweier politischer Formationen. Mainz am Rhein, (Damaczener Forschungen. Bd. 6 ) //Topoi. Vol. 8, fasc. 1. 19986. P. 381-388.

Gawlikowski M. Palmyra: From a Tribal Federation to a C ity// KVO. 2003.

P. 7-10.

Gawlikowski M. Tempel, Grber und Kasernen. Die polnischen Ausgrabungen im Diokletianslager// PalmKG. 2005. S. 22-28.

Gawlikowski M. Arabes et Arables dans lAntiquit// Topoi. Vol. 14, fasc. 1.

2006. P. 41-46.

Gebhardt A. Imperiale Politik und provinziale Entwicklung. Untesuchungen zum Verhltnis von Kaiser, Heer und Stdten im Syrien der vorseverischen Zeit. Berlin, 2002a (Klio. Beitrge zur Alten Geschichte. Beihefte. NF. Bd. 4).

Gebhardt A. Numismatische Beitrge zur sptdomitianischen Ostpolitik Vorbe reitungen eines Partherkrieges? // GFK. 20026. S. 35-59.

Geiser M. Personendarstellung bei Tacitus: am Beispiel von Cn. Domitius Cor bulo und Ser. Sulpicius Galba. Remscheid, 2007 (Antike und ihr Weiterleben.

Bd. 6).

Gelin M Les fouilles anciennes de Doura-Europos et leur contexte: documents darchives conservs dans les institutions franaises et tmoignages H DEE-IV. 1997.

P. 229-244.

Gel in M. Le rempart en briques crues de Doura-Europos: la muraille grecque // DEE-V. 2004. P. 213-236.

Gelin M, Leriche . 'Abul Massih J. La porte de Palmyre Doura-Europos II DEE-IV. 1997. P. 21-46.

Gerhardt N.y Hartmann U. Ab Arsace caesus est. Ein parthischer Feldherr aus der Zeit Trajans und Hadrians // GFA. Jg. 3. 2000. S. 125-142.

Gerkan A. von. The Fortifications // EDEPR 7-8. 1939. P. 4-61.

Geyer B. La site de Doura-Europos et son environnement gographique II DEE-II.

1988. P. 285-295.

Ghirshman R. LIran et Rome aux premiers sicles de notre re // Syria. T. XLIX, fasc. 1-2. 1972. P. 161-165.

Ghirshman R. La Porte Noire de Besanon et la prise de Ctsiphon // ANRW.

T. II. Bd. 9. Hlbbd. 1. 1976. P. 215-218.

Giardina A. Roma e il Caucaso II II Caucaso: cemiera fra culture dal Mediter raneo alla Persia (secoli IV-XI): 20-26 aprile 1995. T. I. Spoleto, 1996 (Settimane di Studio del Centro Italiano di Studi sullAlto Medioevo. XLIII). P. 85-141.

Gichon M. Research on the Limes Palaestinae: a stocktaking II RFS-1979. 1980.

P. 843-864.

Gichon M. 45 years o f research on the limes Palaestinae the findings and their assessment in the light o f the criticisms raised (C lst C4th) // Limes-XVIII. Vol. I.

2002. P. 185-206.

Gilliam J. F. The Dux Ripae at Dura II TPAPhA. Vol. LXXII. 1941. P. 157-175.

Gilliam J. F. The Roman Military Feriale// HThR. Vol. XLVII, No. 3. 1954.

P. 183-196.

Gillman /., Klimkeit H.-J. Christians in Asia before 1500. Ann Arbor, 1999.

Gilmartin K. Corbulos Campaigns in the East: An analysis o f Tacitus account // Historia. Bd. XXII, Ht. 4. 1973. P. 583-626.

Gitler H.yPonting M. Rome and the East. A Study o f the Chemical Composition o f Roman Silver Coinage during the Reign o f SeptimiusSeverus A.D. 193-211 // Topoi. Suppl. 8. 2007. P. 375-397.

Gleason K. L. Gardens: Gardens o f the Hellenistic and Roman Periods // OEANE.

Vol. Vol. 2. 1997. P. 385-387.

Gnoli T. I papiri dellEufrate. Studio di geografia storica // MedAnt. An. 2, fasc. 1.

1999. P. 321-358.

Gnoli T. Roma, Edessa e Palmira nel III sec. d.C.: problemi istituzionali.

Uno studio sui Papiri dellEufrate. Pisa;

Roma, 2000 (Biblioteca di Mediterraneo Antico. 1).

Gnoli T. Pagrib at Hatra and Edessa // IdlPh. 2002. P. 79-87.

Gnoli T. C. Iulius Mygdonius: un Parto a Ravenna // PCSIE-5/I. 2006.

P. 461-470.

Gnoli T. Identit complesse. Uno studio su Palmira // ICOER. 2007a. P. 167-198.

Gnoli T. The Interplay o f Roman and Iranian Titles in the Roman East (1st 3rd Century A.D.). Wien, 20076 (Sitzungsberichte der sterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-historische Klasse. Bd. 765;

Verffentlichungen zur Iranistik. Nr. 43).

G bl R. REX...DATVS. Ein Kapitel von der Interpretation numismatischer Zeugnisse und ihren Grundlagen // RMPh. NF. Bd. CIV. 1961. S. 70-80.

Goddeeris A., Lahlouh M.y Stnuit M.-E. An Early Dynastie Official Building and Seleucid-Parthian Levels (Field E) Il Subartu III. 1997. P. 105-115.

Goldman B. The Dura Synagogue and Parthian Art // DESyn. 1973. P. 53-77.

Goldman . The Iranian Element in the Dura Synagogue Murals // IJ. Vol. IV.

1999. P. 298-310.

Goldman B. Pictorial graffiti o f Dura-Europos// Parthica. Vol. 1 [1999]. 2000.

P. 19-105.

Goldman B., Little A. M. G. The Beginning o f Sasanian Painting and Dura Europos // IA. Vol. XV. 1980. P. 283-298.

Goldstein J. A. The Syriac Bill o f Sale from Dura-Europos // JNES. Vol. XXV, No. 1. 1966. P. 1-16.

Goldstein J. A. The Judaism o f the Synagogues (Focusing on the Synagogue o f Dura-Europos) // Judaism in Late Antiquity. Pt. 2: Historical Syntheses / Ed. by J. Neusner. Leiden;

New York, 1995 (HdO. Abt. I: Nahe und der Mittlere Osten.

Bd. 17). P. 109-157.

Golenko K. V., Karyszkowski P. J. The Gold Coinage o f King Phamaces o f the Bosphorus H NC. 7th Ser. Vol. XII. 1972. P. 25-38.

Gomez Th. M. Rome, Parthia, and the Evolution o f Judeao-Christian Eschatology:

A Coe College Honors Thesis. Cedar Rapids, 1980.

Gonzalez J. Reflexiones en tomo a la cronologia de las campanas prticas de Trajano // Trajano Emperador de Roma. Actas del Congreso Internacional, 14-17 Septiembre 1998 / Ed. J. Gonzalez. Roma, 2000 (Saggi di storia antica. 16).

P. 203-225.

Goranson S. 7 vs 8: The Battle Over the Holy Day at Dura-Europos // BR.

Vol. XII, No. 4. 1996. P. 22-33, 44.

G ra b a rA. Les fresques de la synagogue de Doura-Europos// CRAI. (Mars Avril). P. 77-90.

Grabar A. Le thme religieux des fresques de la synagogue de Doura (245- aprs J.-C.)// RHR. T. CXXIII, n 2-3. 1941. P. 143-192;

T. CXXIV, nl. 1942.

P. 1-35.

Grabar A. Images bibliques dApame et fresques de la synagogue de Doura // CahArch. T. V. 1951. P. 9-14.

G raf D. F. The Saracens and the Defense o f the Arabian Frontier // BASOR.

No. 229. 1978. P. 1-26 [= G rafD. F. Rome and the Arabian Frontier: from the Nabataeans to the Saracens. Aldershot;

Brookfield, 1997 (Variorum Collected Studies Series: CS594). No. IX].

G raf D. F. The Via Nova Traiana in Arabia Petraea // The Roman and Byzantine Near East: Some Recent Archaeological Research. Ann Arbor, 1995 (JRASS. No. 14).

P. 241-267 [= G rafD. F. Rome and the Arabian Frontier: from the Nabataeans to the Saracens. Aldershot;

Brookfield, 1997 (Variorum Collected Studies Series:

CS594). No. VI].

G raf D. F. Nomads and the Arabian frontier: the epigraphic perspective // Limes-XVIII. Vol. I. 2002. P. 153-160.

Graf D. F, with the assistance ofE. L. Dreyer. The Roman East from the Chinese Perspective/ / AAAS. Vol. XLII. 1996. P. 199-216.

Graham A. J. Septimius Severus and his Generals, AD 193-7 // War and Society:

Historical essays in honour and memory o f J. R. Western 1928-1971 / Ed. by M. R. D. Foot. London, 1973. P. 255-275, 336-345.

Grainger J. D. The Cities o f Seleukid Syria. Oxford;

New York;

Toronto;

etc., 1990.

Grainger J. D. A Seleukid Prosopography and Gazetteer. Leiden;

New York;

Kln, 1997 (Mnemosyne Supplements. Vol. CLXXII).

Grainger J. D. The Roman War o f Antiochos the Great. Leiden;


Boston, (Mnemosyne Supplements. Vol. CCXXXIX).

Grant M. Nero. London, 1970.

Green P. Alexander to Actium: The Historical Evolution o f the Hellenistic Age.

Berkeley;

Los Angeles, 1990 (HCS. I) [2nd printing with corrections: 1993].

Green T. M. The City o f the Moon God: Religious Traditions o f Harran. Leiden;

New York, 1992 (RGRW. Vol. 114).

Greenfield J. C. Aramaic. II. Iranian Loanwords in Early Aramaic // Elr. Vol. II.

1987. P. 256-259.

Gregory Sh. (ed.). Roman Military Architecture on the Eastern Frontier. Vol. 1-3.

Amsterdam, 1995-1997.

Gregoty Sh. Was there an eastern origin for the design o f late Roman fortifica tions? Some problems for research on forts o f Romes eastern frontier // RAE. 1996.

P. 169-209.

G regory Sh., Kennedy D. Sir Aurel Steins Limes report: the full text o f M. A. Steins unpublished Limes report (his aerial and ground reconnaissances in Iraq and Transjordan in 1938-39) / Ed. and with a commentary and bibliography by Sh. Gregory and D. Kennedy;

with maps and figures drawn by J. Kennedy. Oxford, 1985 (BARIS. 272).

Grenet F. Les Sassanides a Doura-Europos (253 ap. J.-C.): Rexamen du matriel pigraphique iranien du site // Gographie Historique au Proche-Orient (Syrie, Phnicie, Arabie, grecques, romaines, byzantines): Actes de la Table Ronde de Valbonne, 16-18 septembre 1985 / Sous la direct, de P.-L. Gatier, B. Helly, J.-P. Rey Coquais. Paris, 1988 (Notes et monographies techniques. 23). P. 133-158.

G renet F. Y a-t-il une composante iranienne dans lapocalyptique judo chrtienne? Nouveaux regards sur un vieux problme // ARCHUS. XI-XII. 20 0 7 2008. P. 15-36.

Griffin M. T. Nero: The End o f a Dynasty. London, 1984.

Griffin M. Nerva to Hadrian // The Cambridge Ancient History. 2nd ed. Vol. XI:

The High Empire, A.D. 70-192 / Ed. by A. K. Bowman, P. Gamsey, D. Rathbone.

Cambridge;

New York;

Melbourne, 2000. P. 84-131.

Grosso F. Aspetti della politica orientale di Domiziano. I: Albania, Iberia Cau casica e Armenia// Epigraphica. An. XVI, fasc. 1-4 [1954]. 1956. P. 117-179.

Grosso F. Aspetti della politica orientale di Domiziano. II: Parti e Estremo Oriente // Epigraphica. An. XVII, fasc. \-A [1955]. 1957a. P. 33-78.

Grosso F. La Media Atropatene e la politica di Augusto // Athenaeum. NS.

Vol. XXXV, fasc. 1-2. 19576. P. 240-256.

Grosso F. Roma e i Parti a fine i inizio II secolo d.Cr. attraverso le fonti cinesi // PMGR. 1966. P. 157-173.

Grouchevoy A. G. Trois niveaux de phylarques. Etude terminologique sur les relations de Rome et de Byzance avec les Arabes avant lIslam // Syria. T. LXXII, fasc. 1-2. 1995. P. 105-131.

Grousset R. Histoire de lArmnie des origines 1071. Paris, 1947.

Gruen E. S. The expansion o f the empire under Augustus 11 The Cambridge Ancient History. 2nd ed. Vol. X: The Augustan Empire, 43 B.C. A.D. 69 / Ed. by . . Bowman, . Champlin, A. Lintott. Cambridge;

New York;

Melbourne, 1996.

P. 147-197.

G undelH. P. Ventidius Bassus // RE. Bd. VIII A/1. 1955. Col. 795-816.

GundelH. G. Abgar // DKP. Bd. I. 1964a. Col. 13.

G undelH ;

G. Antonius // DKP. Bd. I. 19646. Col. 4 0 9 ^ 1 3.

Gundel H. G. Crassus. 2. M. Licinius Crassus Dives, der Triumvir;

4. P. Lici nius Crassus, jngerer Sohn von Nr. 2 // DKP. Bd. I. 1964c. Col. 1329-1330.

GundelH. G. Labienus. 1/3. Q. Labienus (Parthicus)// DKP. Bd. III. 1969.

Col. 429.

Gutmann J. Programmatic Painting in the Dura Synagogue// DESyn. 1973.

P. 137-154.

Gutmann J. The Illustrated Midrash in the Dura Synagogue Paintings: A New Dimension for the Study o f Judaism // Proceedings o f the American Academy for Jewish Research. Vol. L. New York, 1983. P. 91-104.

Gutmann J. The Dura Europos Synagogue Paintings: The State o f Research // The Synagogue in Late Antiquity / Ed. L. I. Levine. Philadelphia, 1987. P. 61-72.

G utm annJ. The Dura Europos Synagogue Paintings and their Influence on Later Christian and Jewish Art // ArtHist Artibus et Historiae. Venezia;

Firenze.

Vol. IX, Nr. 17. 1988. P. 25-29.

Gzella H. Die Palmyrener in der griechisch-rmischen Welt: Kulturelle Begeg nung im Spiegel des Sprachkontaktes // Klio. Bd. 87. Ht. 2. 2005. S. 445-458.

Habicht Chr. The Seleucids and their rivals // The Cambridge Ancient History.

2nd ed. Vol. VIII: Rome and the Mediterranean to 133 B.C. / Ed. by A. E. Astin, F. W. Walbank, M. W. Frederiksen, R. M. Ogilvie. Cambridge;

N ew York;

N ew Rochelle;

Melbourne;

Sydney, 1989. P. 324-387.

Halfmann H. Die Alanen und die rmische Ostpolitik unter Vespasian // EpigrAnat.

Ht. 8. 1986. S. 39-50.

Halfmann H. Kaiser Traian und die Grenzen des Imperium Romanum im Osten // Stuttgarter Kolloquium zur Historischen Geographie des Altertums: 4 (1990) / Hrsg.

von E. Olshausen und H. Sonnabend. Bonn, 1994 (Geographica Historica. Bd. 7).

S. 577-588.

Hanslik R. Augustus // DKP. Bd. I. 1964a. Col. 744-754.

Hanslik R. Caracalla/ / DKP. Bd. I. 19646. Col. 1049-1051.

Hanslik R. Domitius. 9. Cn. D. Corbulo // DKP. Bd. II. 1967. Col. 131-132.

Hanslik R. Macrinus. 3. M. O pellius M acrinu s// DKP. Bd. III. 1969a.

Col. 855-856.

Hanslik R. Marcus Aurelius // DKP. Bd. III. 19696. Col. 1009-1013.

Hanslik R. Mdicus. 1. Siegerbeiname // DKP. Bd. III. 1969c. Col. 1130.

Hanslik R. Nero. 2. L. Domitius Ahenobarbus Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus // DKP. Bd. IV. 1972. Col. 71-73.

Hanslik R. Traianus. 1. M. Ulpius Traianus // DKP. Bd. V. 1975a. Col. 919-921.

Hanslik R. V erus//D K P. Bd. V. 19756. Col. 1221-1223.

Hansman J. Arbela // Elr. Vol. II. 1987. P. 277-278.

Haraguchi Y. A Report on constructing the Database o f the Textiles from the Caves o f Hill A in the Site o f At-Tar in Iraq // Rfidn. Vol. XXV. 2004. P. 37-41.

Harm atta J. A durai prthus ostrakonok// AntTan. Kt. Ill, sz. 1-3. 1956.

Old. 117-166.

HarmattaJ. A durai prthus pergamen I (12. sz. durai pergamen) // AntTan.

II Kt. IV, sz. 1-2. 1957a,. Old. 61-88;

Kt. IV, cz. 3 ^. 1957a2. Old. 238-249.

Harm atta J. The Parthian Parchment from Dura-Europos (Dura Parchment No. 12) // AAntASH. T. V, fasc. l^l. 19576. P. 261-308.

Harmatta J. Die parthischen Ostraka aus Dura-Europos // AAntASH. T. VI, fasc. 1-2. 1958. S. 87-175.

Harmatta J. Dura-Europos s az irni Mezopotmia kapcsolatainak krdshez // AntTan. Kt. VI, sz. 1-3. 1959. Old. 110-112.

Harmatta J. Der stliche Hintergrund der Partherkriege unter Marcus Aurelius // Actes de la XIIe Confrence Internationale dtudes Classiques Eirene, Cluj Napoca, 2-7 oct. 1972. Bucureti;

Amsterdam, 1975. S. 445-447.

Harmatta J. Dura-Europos and its connections with Iranian Mesopotamia // AUBSC. 9-10 [1982-1985]. 1987. P. 4 5 ^ 8.

Harmatta-Pkry M. The Decipherment of the PrsTk Ostracon from Dura-Europos and the Problem o f the Ssnian City Organization // PersM. 1971. P. 467-475.

H arnackD. Parthische Titel, vornehmlich in den Inschriften aus Hatra. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis des parthischen Staates II Altheim F., Stiehl R. Geschichte Mit telasiens im Altertum / Mit Beitrgen von J. Harmatta, D. Hamack, R. Knapowski, F. F. Schwarz, Z. Shunnar, O. Szemernyi und E. Trautmann-Nehring. Berlin, 1970.

S. 492-549.

Harrelson S. B. The Dura Europos Synagogue: Theology o f Art as Text. Submit ted... in partial fulfillment o f Old Testament Theology [at Gardner-Webb Univer sity]. Boiling Springs, 2008.

Hartmann M., Speidel M. A. Roman military forts at Zeugma. A preliminary report // Limes-XVIII. Vol. I. 2002. P. 259-268.

Hartmann M., Speidel M. A., with a contribution by M. Drahor. The Roman Army at Zeugma: recent research results // Early R. et al. Zeugma: Interim Reports.

Rescue Excavations (Packard Humanities Institute), Inscription o f Antiochus I, Bronze Statue o f Mars, House and Mosaic o f the Synaristsai, and Recent Work on the Roman Army at Zeugma. Portsmouth, 2003 (JRASS. No. 51). P. 100-126.

Hartmann U. Das Bild der Parther bei Plutarch // Historia. Bd. 57, Ht. 4. 2008.

S. 426-452.

Hartmann U., Luther A. Mnzen des hatrenischen Herrn wrwd (Worod) Il GFK.

2002. S. 161-168.

Harvey S. A. Syria and Mesopotamia // The Cambridge History o f Christianity.

Vol. 1: Origins to Constantine / Ed. by M. M. Mitchell and F. M. Young. Assistant editor K. S. Bowie. Cambridge;

New York, 2006. P. 351-365.

Haszczyc Z. Wyprawa przeciw Partom w latach 114-117 i zwrot w polityce zagranicznej Cesarstwa rzymskiego po objciu wladzy przez Hadriana // Meander.

R. XXX, z. 4. 1975. S. 143-156.

H auser S. R. Chronologische und historisch-politische Untersuchungen zur stlichen azlra in vorislamischer Zeit: Dissertation Freie Universitt Belin.

Berlin, 1994.

Hauser S. R. Die mesopotamisehen Handelswege nach der Tabula Peutingeriana // Beitrge zur Kulturgeschichte Vorderasiens: Festschrift fr Rainer Michael Boehmer / Hrsg. von U. Finkbeiner, R. Dittmann und H. Hauptmann. Mainz am Rhein, 1995.

S. 225-235.

Hauser S. R. Hatra und das Knigreich der Araber // PsZ. 1998. S. 493-528.

Hauser S. R. Ecological Limits and Political Frontiers: The Kingdom o f the Arabs in the Eastern Jazira in the Arsacid Period // Landscapes: Territories, Frontiers and Horizons in the Ancient Near East (44c Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Venice 1997) / Ed. by L. Milano, S. de Martino, F. M. Fales, G. B. Lan franchi. Padua, 2000. P. 187-201.

Hauser S. R. Tempel fr den palmyrenischen Bel // Getrennte Wege? Kommu nikation, Raum und Wahrnehmung in der Alten Welt / Hrsg. von R. Rollinger, A. Luther und J. Wiesehfer;

unter Mitarbeit von B. Gufler. Frankfurt am Main, (Oikumene: Studien zur Antiken Weltgeschichte. Bd. 2). S. 228-256.

Heermann-Trmel V. Marcus Aurelius Parthicus Maximus Medicus // AMI.

Bd. 21 [1988]. 1990. S. 139-144.

Heichelheim F. M. Supply Bases for Caracallas Parthian Campaign // CPh.

Vol. 39, No. 2. P. 113-115.

Heidenreich R. Zur stlichsten lateinischen Inschrift// ZPE. Bd. 52. 1983.

S. 213-214.

Heil M. Die orientalische Auenpolitik des Kaisers Nero. Mnchen, 1997 (Quellen und Forschungen zur Antiken Welt. Bd. 26).

Heinen H. Egypt. III. Relations with Persia in the Seleucid and Parthian Periods // Elr. Vol. VIII. 1998. P. 250-252.

Hekster 0.,K a izer T. Mark Antony and the Raid on Palmyra: Reflections on Ap pian, Bella Civilia V. 9 // Latomus. T. 63. 2004. P. 70-80.

Henderson M. /. Rec. ad op.: Lepper F. A. Trajans Parthian War. London, 1948 // JRS. Vol. XXXIX. 1949. P. 121-132.

Hersh Ch. The coinage o f Quintus Labienus Parthicus// SNR. Bd. 59. 1980.

P. 41-49.

Hewsen R. H. Introduction to Armenian Historical Geography // REArm. NS.

T. XIII. 1978-1979. P. 77-97.

Hewsen R. H. Ptolemys Chapter on Armenia: an Investigation o f his Toponyms // REArm. NS. T. XVI. 1982. P. 111-150.

Hewsen R. H. Introduction to Armenian Historical Geography III: the Boundaries o f Orontid Armenia // REArm. NS. T. XVIII/2. 1984. P. 347-366.

Hewsen R. H. Introduction to Armenian Historical Geography IV: The Boundaries o f Artaxiad Armenia // REArm. NS. T. XIX. 1985. P. 55-84.

Hewsen R. H. Artaxata // Elr. Vol. II. 1987. P. 653-654.

Hewsen R. H. Introduction to Armenian Historical Geography IV: The Vitaxates o f Arsacid Armenia. A Reexamination o f the Territorial Aspects o f the Institution (Part One) // REArm. T. XXI. 1988-1989. P. 271-319.

Hewsen R. H. Armenia on the Tigris: the Vilayet o f Diarbekir and the Sanjak o f Urfa // Armenian Tigranakert/Diarbekir and Edessa/Urfa / Ed. by R. G. Hovannisian.

Costa Mesa, 2006. P. 47-80.

Hickson F. V. Augustus Triumphator: Manipulation o f the Triumphal Theme in the Political Program o f Augustus // Latomus. T. L, fasc. 1. 1991. P. 124-138.

Hillers D. R. Mskn' Temple in Inscriptions from Hatra// BASOR. No. 207.

1972. P. 54-56.

Hillman Th. P. Pompeius ad Parthos? // Klio. Bd. 78, Ht. 2. 1996. P. 380-399.

Hitchins K. Georgia. II. History o f Iranian-Georgian Relations // Elr. Vol. X.

2001. P. 464-470.

Hodgson N. The East as part of the wider Roman imperial frontier policy // EFRE.

Pt. I. 1989. P. 177-189.

Hoepfner W. Arsameia am Nymphaios. Bd. 2: Das Heirothesion des Knigs Mithradates I. Kallinikos von Kommagene nach den Ausgrabungen von 1963 bis 1967 / Mit einem Beitrag von G. Hbner. Tbingen, 1983 (Istanbuler Forschungen.

Bd. 33).

Hoepfner W. Arsameia am Nymphaios und der Allgtterkult Antiochos I.

Schriften, Bilder und Sulen als Zeugnisse spthellenistischer Kultur // GamE. 2000.

S. 57-73.

Hopkins C. The Siege o f Dura // CJ. Vol. 42, No. 5. 1947. P. 251-259.

Hopkins C. Introduction: The Excavation o f the Dura Synagogue Paintings // DESyn. 1973. P. 11-22.

Hopkins C. The Discovery o f Dura-Europos / Ed. by B. Goldman. N ew Haven;

London, 1979.

Hopkins C. et al. Minor Finds chiefly from N7 and N8 // EDEPR 7-8. 1939a.

P. 370-390.

Hopkins C. et al. The Painted Shields // EDEPR 7-8. 19396. P. 326-369.

Howgego C. J. Coinage and Military Finance: the Imperial Bronze Coinage o f the Augustan E ast//N C. Vol. 142. 1982. P. 1-20.

H oylan dR. G. Arabia and the Arabs: From the Bronze Age to the Coming o f Islam. London;

N ew York, 2001.

Huxley G. Geography in the Acts o f Thomas 11 GRBS. Vol. 24, No. 1. 1983.

P. 71-80.

Huyse Ph. Zum iranischen Namengut in Dura-Europos // AOAW. Jg. 125 [1988], Nr. 3. 1989. S. 19-32.

HuzarE. G. Mark Antony: A Biography. Minneapolis, 1978 [reprint: London;

Dover, 1986].

Ibrahim J. Kh. The Excavation o f Khirbet Jaddalah, 1 9 7 7 -1 9 7 8 // Sumer.

Vol. XXXIX, No. 1-2. 1983. P. 217-234.

Ibrahim J. Kh. Pre-islamic Settlement in Jazirah. Baghdad, 1986.

Ilyasov J. Covered Tail and Flying T a ssels// IA. Vol. XXXVIII. 2003.

P. 259-325.

Ingholt H. Parthian Sculptures from Hatra. Orient and Hellas in Art and Religion.

New Haven, 1954 (Memoirs o f the Connecticut Academy o f Arts and Sciences.

Vol. XII).

Ingholt H. Two Unpublished Tombs from the Southwest Necropolis o f Palmyra, Syria//NENIEH. 1974. P. 37-54.

Instinsky H. U. Grabstein eines berittenen Bogenschtzen der Ala Parthorum et Araborum // Germania. Jg. 36. 1958. S. 72-77.

Invernizzi A. The Excavations at Tell U m ayr// Mesopotamia. Vol. I. 1966.

P. 39-62.

Invernizzi A. KifrTn // . Bd. XXIX/XXX. 1983/1984. P. 207-209.

Invernizzi A. Researches in Kifrin: -Qadissiya Dam P roject// Sumer.

Vol. XLII, No. 1-2. 1985. P. 22-26.

Invernizzi A. Kifrin and the Euphrates Limes // DRBE. Pt. I. 1986a. P. 357-381.

Invernizzi A. Kifrin- // M esopotamia. V ol. XXI. 19866.

P. 53-84.

Invernizzi A. Traiano a Hatra? // Mesopotamia. Vol. XXI. 1986c. P. 21-51.

Invernizzi A. Kifrn // . Bd. XXXIV. 1987. . 156-166.

Invernizzi A. De Hatra Airtarn: frises aux m usiciens// CHistCACP. 1988.

P. 62-63.

Invernizzi A. The Investiture o f N em esis-A llath in H atra// Mesopotamia.

Vol. XXIV. 1989. P. 129-176.

Invernizzi A. Facial Marks in the Parthian W orld// SRAA. Vol. 1. 1990a.

P. 35-50.

Invernizzi A. Un relief parthe de la valle de lEuphrate // SOR. Vol. LXVII, 1.

19906. P. 191-205.

Invernizzi A. De Hatra Airtam: frises aux m u sicien s// HistCACP. 1991.

P. 39 47.

Invernizzi A. Hatra// EAAntCO-II. Vol. III. 1995a. P. 33-37.

Invernizzi A. Kifrin // EAAntCO-II. Vol. III. 19956. P. 194-195.

Invernizzi A. Altari dellAsia ellenizzata// Electrum. Vol. 1. 1997. P. 51-67.

Invernizzi A. Regalit Armena. Introduzione allArmenia ellenistica// APAr.

1998. P. XIX-XXIX.

Invernizzi A. Introduzione allarte delPAsia ellenizzata // SASG. 2007. P. 62-71.

Isaac B. Trade-routes to Arabia and the Roman arm y// RFS-1979. 1980.

P. 889-901.

Isaac B. Luttwaks Grand Strategy and the eastern frontier o f the Roman Empire // EFRE. Pt. I. 1989. P. 231-234.

Isaac . H. The Limits o f Empire: The Roman Army in the East. Oxford;

New York, 1990 [rev. ed.: Oxford;

N ew York;

Toronto;

etc, 1992].

Jacobs B. Beobachtungen zu den Tuffitskulpturen vom Nemrud Dagi // IM.

Bd. 47 [1997]. 1998. S. 171-178.

Jacobs . Das Heiligtum auf dem Nemrud Dagi. Zu Baupolitik des Antiochos I von Kommagene und seines Sohnes Mithradates II. // GamE. 2000. S. 27-35.

Jacobs B. berlegungen zu Ursachen und Grnden fr die Konzeption von Heilig tumsausstattungen in der spthellenistischen Kommagene // KVO. 2003. S. 117-123.

Jacobs B., Rollinger R. Die himmlischen Hnde der Gtter Zu zwei neuen Datierungsvorschlgen fr die kommagenischen Reliefstelen // Parthica. Vol. [2005]. 2006. S. 137-154.

Jacobs B.y Schtte-M aischatz A. Statuette eines Adligen aus der nrdlichen Osroene // IM. Bd. 49 [1999]. 2000. S. 431-442.

Jacobs B., Schtte-Maischatz A. Statue eines Bogenschtzen aus dem Stadtge biet von Urfa // IM. Bd. 56. 2006. S. 359-369.

James S. Evidence from Dura-Europos for the Origins o f Late Roman Helmets // DEE-I. 1986. P. 107-134.

James S. Dura-Europos and the Introduction o f the Mongolian Release // The Roman Military Equipment. The Accoutrements o f War. Proceedings o f the Third Roman Military Equipment Research Seminar / Ed. by M. Dawson. Oxford, (BARIS. 336). P. 77-83.

James S. T. The Arms and Armour from Dura-Europos, Syria. Weaponry recovered from the Roman garrison town and the Sassanid siegeworks during the excavations, 1922-1937. Vol. 1-2: Thesis submitted for the Degree o f Doctor o f Philosophy University College Institute o f Archaeology, December 1990. London, 1990.

James S. Military Equipment from the Yale/French Academy Excavations at Dura-Europos, 1928-1936 // DEE-IV. 1997. P. 223-228.

James S. The Excavations at Dura-Europos conducted by Yale University and the French Academy o f Inscriptions and Letters, 1928 to 1937. Final Report VII:

The Arms and Armour and Other Military Equipment. London, 2004.

James S. T. The deposition o f military equipment during the final siege at Dura-Europos, with particular regard to the Tower 19 countermine // CJb. 2005.

P. 189-206.

James S. The Impact o f Steppe Peoples and the Partho-Sasanian World on the Development o f Roman Military Equipment and Dress, 1st to 3r Centuries A.D. // d AAICT. 2006. P. 357-392.

Jameson Sh. Chronology o f the Campaigns o f Aelius Gallus and C. Petronius // JRS. Vol. LVIII, Pt. 1-2. 1968. P. 71-84.

Jenkins G. K. Kushan Coins from Iraq // ND. Vol. I, Pt. 2. 1977. P. 26-29.

Jensen R. M. The Dura Europos synagogue, early-Christian art, and religious life in Dura Europos // Jews, Christians, and polytheists in the ancient synagogue: Cultural interaction during the Greco-Roman period / Ed. by S. Fine. London;

New York, 1999. P. 154-167.

JingL. Brevi note circa le relazioni tra limpero Romano dOriente e lantica Cina // IurOr. Vol. I. 2005. P. 88-97.

Jones A. The Romans against the Mounted Parthians H Jones A. The Art o f War in the Western World. Urbana;

Chicago, 2001. P. 35-38.



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 13 | 14 || 16 | 17 |   ...   | 29 |
 
 >>  ()





 
<<     |    
2013 www.libed.ru - -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .