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«Public Disclosure Authorized 27870 ...»

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Приведённые ими данные позволяют составить непротиворечивые и полные ряды в отношении реального, сельскохозяйственного и несельскохозяйственного дохода штатов за период 1960-92 гг.

Бедность и неравенство Мы используем показатели доли бедных в населении и значения коэффициента Джини для сельских и городских районов 16 основных штатов Индии за периоды 1957-58 и 1991-92, которые были подготовлены Ozler, Datt and Ravallion (1996).

В основе этих показателей - 22 раунда Обследования общенациональной выборки (ООВ), которое проходило в указанные периоды.

Активность избирателей Процент имеющих право голоса избирателей в штате, которые действительно голосовали в ходе последних выборов в законодательное собрание штата.

Данные взяты из работы Butler, Lahiri and Roy (1991).

Вариативность социальных расходов Вариативность социальных расходов, которую невозможно объяснить вариативностью дохода штатов и наличием стихийных бедствий.

Отклонение от среднего уровня социальных расходов в штате Отклонение от среднего уровня социальных расходов в штате с учётом средних уровней дохода и стихийных бедствий.

Конструирование переменных шока В рамках сравнительного анализа стран мы сконструировали «переменную шока ВВП», которая в принципе представляет собой остаточное значение из стандартной регрессии роста. При этом она обозначает, как далеко страна находится от уровня, обеспечивающего ей долгосрочный устойчивый рост.

Форма регрессии роста стандартна и взята из литературы, посвящённой экономическому росту. Мы рассчитываем регрессию log ВВП по исходному значению ВВП, темпам роста населения и размерам капитала из расчёта на одного работника. При анализе на уровне индийских штатов используется переменная, сконструированная аналогичным образом.

Второй набор переменных шока конструируется только при анализе индийских штатов. Эти переменные призваны отразить отклонения социальных расходов от уровней, обеспечивающих их долгосрочную стабильность.

Методика подробно представлена в Wei (1997). Две переменные конструируются посредством расчёте регрессии для каждого типа расходов по темпам роста дохода штатов и наличию в штате стихийных бедствий и выведения среднего значения и вариативности оценённых результатов.

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