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«ПРАВО и ДЕМОКРАТИЯ СБОРНИК НАУЧНЫХ ТРУДОВ ВЫПУСК 22 Минск БГУ 2011 УДК 340(082) ББК 67я43 П68 ...»

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A. P. Melnikov LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION:

STATE AND PROBLEMS This article describes the restructuring of local authorities in the Russian Fed eration in modern times. The system of local authorities and administration in compliance with the legislation of the country is reviewed there. Recently appeared problems and unsolved issues are in the focus of attention in the paper. People’s attitudes towards the implemented reform are revealed, and some possible meas ures to resolve the current situation are defined there.

A. I. Zybailo ENTRY INTO FORCE AND OBSERVATION OF INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS IN THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS This article dwells on the issues of the implementation of obligations in the Republic of Belarus under its international agreements. The relevance of these obligations makes the importance of proper implementation and effective applica tion of international treaties conditional, which provides a successful development of the state as a subject of international law, its credibility on the international arena. Since, only a treaty in force establishes legal consequences, the author of the article is primarily sets out the moment of implementation of the treaty by the Re public of Belarus, including the necessity of bringing national legislation into con formity with its provisions. Further analysis was subjected to the mechanism of implementation of international agreements in the Republic of Belarus, which is intended to ensure that the international treaty obligations will be observed by the competent authorities and citizens under their jurisdiction.

As a result, the author comes to the conclusion that the current place of inter national treaties in the legal system in the Republic of Belarus is uncertain and depends on the status of the legal act, which recognizes its obligatory status.

A. L. Kozik COMPUTER NETWORK ATTACKS AS THE SUBJECT OF INTERNATIONAL LEGAL RESEARCH The article is devoted to the problem of computer network attacks (CNA).

The author explores the definition and legal volume of the term CAN, highlights the main issues which are of interest from the point of view of the contemporery International Public Law.

V. I. Yermolovich JUDICIAL SYSTEM OF THE MEDIEVAL SERBIA AND THE GREAT DUCHY OF LITHUANIA (Theoretical and Historical Aspects) The object of the article is comparative analysis of the judicial system of Me dieval Serbia and the Great Duchy of Lithuania. The author deals with theoretical and historical aspects of judicial system of the states which played a very important role in political, economic and legal development of the medieval Europe.

The process of creation, structure and essence of central and local judicial system in the Kingdom of Serbia and the Great Duchy of Lithuania is analyzed in the article. The author also touches upon the aspect of Roman and eastern-roman institutions’ influence on the development of the similar institutions of Medieval Serbia and the Great Duchy of Lithuania.

O. I. Chankevich FORMS OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE LIFE REGULATION IN ANCIENT SOCIETIES The article reviews stages of social evolution and forms of private and public life regulation in ancient societies. The transition way from unstructed communi ties to integrated formations of communal type and early state structure was ana lyzed as well. The article gives a characteristic of a common custom, common law and written legislation – from early Twelve Tables laws to unified legislation in the form of Justinian Code.

Section II LAW AND SOCIAL ECONOMIC REFORMS S. К. Leshchanka TOPICAL ASPECTS OF LEGAL INSTITUTE’S TRANSFER PRICING CONTROL IN THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS Integration of national economies increases the role of multinational enter prises (MNE) in the world trade but presents complex taxation issues since na tional tax regulation cannot be viewed in isolation and it must consider broad in ternational principles. Developing national transfer pricing regulations based on international taxation principles adopted by the OECD can secure tax bases in ju risdictions of operating MNE and, on the other hand, avoid international double taxation.

I. S. Shakhray THE LEGAL REGULATION ISSUES OF AGRICULTURAL NATURAL RESOURCE USE ON A RENTAL BASIS The subject of the present paper is the legal regulation issues of the agricul tural natural resource usage on a rental basis. Taking into account the advantages of the contract-based agricultural natural resource usage, it is advisable to widen the rental contract applicational field. The article analyzes common and specific features of agricultural tenancy legal regulation by the forest and land legislation of the Republic of Belarus. The subjects of the land and forest reserves tenancy are analyzed in the article, and it is proposed to provide private entrepreneurs with the tenant rights to the specified environmental components by agricultural reasons. A number of theoretical findings and practical recommendations for improvement of the environmental legislation have been suggested there.

V. P. Skobelev ON THE CHARACTER AND THE CONTENT OF THE INTEREST OF THIRD PARTIES WITHOUT INDEPENDENT DEMANDS ON THE SUBJECT OF CONTROVERSY IN CIVIL PROCEDURE The article is dedicated to the problems of the character and the content of the interest of third parties without independent demands on the subject of controversy in civil procedure. The author contests the point of view that the interest of third parties is strictly procedural in nature. In his opinion, this interest is substantive and includes the following: to retain his substantive relationships with the party in the process unchanged or develop further these relationships in a positive direction for himself. In addition to the mentioned above a third person has one more sub stantive interest, which by its content coincides with the interest of a relevant party.

Section III LAW ENFORCEMENT BODIES AND CRIME COMBATING V. V. Marchuk REALIZATION OF LEGALITY PRINCIPLE IN THE PROCESS OF CRIMES QUALIFICATION In the article the author shows how requirements of legality are refracted on the first stage of application of criminal-law norm – in the process of crimes quali fication. It is well-proven that the confessedly norms of international agreements during qualification of crime are subject to direct application only in those cases, when the corresponding norm of Criminal Code in the Republic of Belarus sets the necessity of application provision of international contract straight. It is suggested that in an appendix to Criminal Code the list of confessedly principles of Interna tional Law should be fasted.

Drawn conclusion that the norms of the Constitution of the Republic of Bela rus in qualification of crime must perform the duty of arbiter at permission of colli sions which arise up within the framework of blanket criminal-law norm. Another suggestions are formulated on overcoming of the problems in practice of applica tion of blanket criminal-law norms. Classification of rules qualification of crimes, foreseen by a criminal law is given there.

N. A. Babiy QUALIFICATION OF CRIMINALLY NEGLIGENT HOMICIDE The article deals with theoretical and practical problems of a criminal respon sibility for criminally negligent homicide. The author in detail analyses objective and subjective elements of this crime, others points of view and argues his own vision on decision of the most difficult questions.

L. L. Zaitseva INSTITUTE OF CONCILIATION IN CRIMINAL PROCEDURE IN THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS The article is devoted to the research work of the alternative method in re solving criminal conflicts – conciliation between a victim and an accused. On the bases of the analysis of active legislation, the practice of its application and scien tific publications the author examines two variants of conciliations, which have been formed in the Republic of Belarus: 1) on the case of private prosecution and 2) if proceeding on the case of public prosecution with condonation is discontin ued. Both variants of conciliations are used very rarely in investigative and judicial practice. This situation could be explained by absence in Belarus a proper legal regulation of the institute and stereotypes in law enforcement activity. According to stated, the author proposes to expand the possibilities of proceeding discontinu ance in case of parties conciliation as in pre-trial and judicial stages of criminal procedure and make some changes and additions into legislation.

V. N. Bibilo PHASES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LEGAL REGULATION ON THE STAGE OF THE IMPOSITION AND PREPARATION OF THE TRIAL IN CRIMINAL PROCESS In the article the main phases in the development of the legal regulation on the stage of the imposition and preparation of the trial in the criminal process are con sidered there. The advantages of the individual activity of a judge at this stage are substantiated. The necessity of the prosecutor’s activity in the realization of bring ing an accused person to trial is proved there. The prosecutor’s duties should in clude: 1) the composition of the indictment;

2) the submitting of the indictment’s copies to an accused person and a complainant;

3) making a decision of refering a case to court;

4) refering a criminal case with the named documents to court.

СВЕДЕНИЯ ОБ АВТОРАХ БАБИЙ Николай Алексеевич – заместитель директора Научно практического центра проблем укрепления законности и правопорядка Гене ральной прокуратуры Республики Беларусь, кандидат юридических наук, доцент.

БИБИЛО Валентина Николаевна – профессор кафедры уголовного процесса и прокурорского надзора юридического факультета Белорусского государственного университета, доктор юридических наук, профессор.

ДМИТРИЕВ Вадим Викторович – аспирант кафедры теории и истории государства и права юридического факультета Белорусского государственно го университета.

ЕРМОЛОВИЧ Виктор Иванович – доцент кафедры международного экономического права факультета права Белорусского государственного эко номического университета, кандидат исторических наук, доцент.

ЗАЙЦЕВА Людмила Львовна – заведующая кафедрой прокурорской деятельности Института переподготовки и повышения квалификации судей, работников прокуратуры, судов и учреждений юстиции Белорусского госу дарственного университета, кандидат юридических наук, доцент.

ЗЫБАЙЛО Алла Ивановна – доцент кафедры международного права факультета международных отношений Белорусского государственного уни верситета, кандидат юридических наук, доцент.

КОЗИК Андрей Леонидович – профессор кафедры публичного права УО ФПБ «Международный институт трудовых и социальных отношений», кандидат юридических наук, доцент.

ЛЕЩЕНКО Снежана Константиновна – доцент кафедры финансового права и правового регулирования хозяйственной деятельности юридического факультета Белорусского государственного университета, кандидат юриди ческих наук, доцент.

МАРЧУК Василий Васильевич – доцент кафедры уголовного права юридического факультета Белорусского государственного университета, кандидат юридических наук, доцент.

МЕЛЬНИКОВ Адам Петрович – доцент кафедры политологии юриди ческого факультета Белорусского государственного университета, кандидат юридических наук, доцент.

ПИЛИПЕНКО Александр Анатольевич – доцент кафедры финансового права и правового регулирования хозяйственной деятельности юридического факультета Белорусского государственного университета, кандидат юриди ческих наук, доцент.

ПУГАЧЕВ Александр Николаевич – заведующий кафедрой теории и истории государства и права УО «Полоцкий государственный университет», кандидат юридических наук, доцент.

СИЛЬЧЕНКО Николай Владимирович – декан юридического факуль тета Гродненского государственного университета, заведующий кафедрой теории и истории государства и права юридического факультета Гродненско го государственного университета, доктор юридических наук, профессор.

СКОБЕЛЕВ Владимир Петрович – доцент кафедры гражданского про цесса и трудового права юридического факультета Белорусского государст венного университета, кандидат юридических наук, доцент.

ХАНКЕВИЧ Ольга Ивановна – доцент кафедры истории древнего мира и средних веков исторического факультета Белорусского государственного университета, кандидат исторических наук, доцент.

ХАНЬКО Денис Николаевич – аспирант кафедры конституционного права юридического факультета Белорусского государственного университета.

ШАХРАЙ Ирина Сергеевна – доцент кафедры экологического и аграр ного права юридического факультета Белорусского государственного уни верситета, кандидат юридических наук, доцент.

ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ Раздел I ПОЛИТИЧЕСКАЯ И ПРАВОВАЯ СИСТЕМА ОБЩЕСТВА........ Сільчанка М. У. Праблемы вызначэння відавага складу і класіфікацыі крыніц права................................................. Дмитриев В. В. Понятие и система принципов правотворчества....... Пилипенко А. А. Применение категории «добросовестность» в публич ной сфере: доктринально-прикладной аспект....................... Пугачев А. Н. Особенности юридической природы заключений Консти туционного Суда о фактах систематического или грубого нарушения Палатой представителей или Советом Республики Национального соб рания Конституции Республики Беларусь.......................... Ханько Д. Н. Конституционно-правовая ответственность главы государ ства в постсоветских республиках................................ Мельников А. П. Местное самоуправление в Российской Федерации:

состояние и проблемы......................................... Зыбайло А. И. Вступление в силу и исполнение международных дого воров Республики Беларусь..................................... Козик А. Л. Сетевые компьютерные нападения как предмет междуна родно-правового исследования.................................. Ермолович В. И. Судоустройство средневековой Сербии и Великого княжества Литовского (теоретические и исторические аспекты)........ Ханкевич О. И. Формы регулирования общественной и частной жизни в древности..................................................

Раздел II ПРАВО И СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКАЯ РЕФОРМА......... Лещенко С. К. Актуальные аспекты правового института контроля трансфертного ценообразования в Республике Беларусь.


............. Шахрай И. С. Проблемы правового регулирования сельскохозяйствен ного природопользования, основанного на договоре аренды.......... Скобелев В. П. О характере и содержании интереса третьих лиц, не заявляющих самостоятельных требований на предмет спора, в гражданском процессе......................................... Раздел III ПРАВООХРАНИТЕЛЬНЫЕ ОРГАНЫ И БОРЬБА С ПРЕСТУПНОСТЬЮ......................................... Марчук В. В. Реализация принципа законности в процессе квалифика ции преступлений............................................ Бабий Н. А. Квалификация причинения смерти по неосторожности.... Зайцева Л. Л. Институт примирения в уголовном процессе Республики Беларусь.................................................... Бибило В. Н. Этапы развития правового регулирования стадии назна чения и подготовки судебного разбирательства в уголовном процессе... АННОТАЦИИ............................................... СВЕДЕНИЯ ОБ АВТОРАХ....................................... THE TABLE OF CONTENTS Section I SOCIAL POLITICAL AND LEGAL SYSTEM...................... Silchanka M. U. The Problems of Definition of Law Sources Species Composi tion and Classification...............................................

Dmitriev V. V. The Notion and System of Lawmaking Principles............ Pilipenko A. A. Theoretical and Applied Aspects of the Category «Conscientiousness» in the Public Sphere................................

Pugachov A. N. Features of the Constitutional Court Conclusions about the Facts of Systematic or Gross Violations of the Constitution by the House of Representatives or the Council of the Republic of the National Assembly.......

Hanko D. N. Constitutional Liability of the Head of State in the Post-Soviet Republics........................................................

Melnikov A. P. Local Government in the Russian Federation: State and Problems........................................................

Zybailo A. I. Entry into Force and Observation of International Agreements of the Republic of Belarus..............................................

Kozik A. L. Computer Network Attacks as the Subject of International Legal Research.........................................................

Yermolovich V. I. Judicial System of the Medieval Serbia and the Great Duchy of Lithuania (Theoretical and Historical Aspects)..........................

Chankevich O. I. Forms of Public and Private Life Regulation in Ancient Times Section II LAW AND SOCIAL ECONOMIC REFORMS......................

Leshchanka S. К. Actual Aspects of Transfer Pricing Control Law in Republic of Belarus Summary................................................ Shakhray I. S. The Legal Regulation Issues of Agricultural Natural Resource Use on a Rental Basis............................................... Skobelev V. P. On the Character and the Content of the Interest of Third Parties without Independent Demands on the Subject of Controversy in Civil Procedure........................................................ Section III LAW ENFORCEMENT BODIES AND CRIME COMBATING....... Marchuk V. V. Realization of Principle of Legality in the Process of Qualification of Crimes............................................. Babiy N. A. Qualification of Criminally Negligent Homicide................ Zaitseva L. L. Institute of Conciliation in Criminal Procedure of the Republic of Belarus........................................................... Bibilo V. N. Phases of the Development of the Legal Regulation of the Stage of the Imposition and Preparation of the Trial in Criminal Process....

ANNOTATIONS................................................. INFORMATION ABOUT AUTHORS............................ Научное издание ПРАВО И ДЕМОКРАТИЯ СБОРНИК НАУЧНЫХ ТРУДОВ Выпуск В авторской редакции Технический редактор. Г. М. Романчук Корректор М. А. Подголина Компьютерная верстка А. А. Загоровской Ответственный за выпуск Т. М. Турчиняк Подписано в печать 07.06.2011. Формат 6084/16. Бумага офсетная. Гарнитура Таймс.

Печать офсетная. Усл. печ. л. 18,14. Уч.-изд. л. 15,92. Тираж 100 экз. Зак. Белорусский государственный университет.

ЛИ № 02330/0494425 от 08.04.2009.

Пр. Независимости, 4, 220030, Минск.

Отпечатано с оригинала-макета заказчика Республиканское унитарное предприятие «Издательский центр Белорусского государственного университета».

ЛП № 02330/0494178 от 03.04.2009.

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