, , ,

<<


 >>  ()
Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 31 |
-- [ 1 ] --

. .

߻

XXXIII (, 17 20 2013 .) 2013 [551.4+528.9](082) 26.82343+26.1743 36 : XXXIII 36 . : - . -, 2013. 600 . :

.

ISBN 978-5-292-04197- XXXIII , , . , , , -, . , , .

, , , , , , , .

:

. .. . .. . .. . .. XXXIII :

: ..,.. :..,..,..,..,.., ..,..,..,..,..,.., ..,..,.. :..,.. () 13-05-06057.

[551.4+528.9](082) 26.82343+26.17 , ISBN 978-5-292-04197- , : XXXIII ..,..

........................... ..,..

...................................... ..

1 : 2 500 000 ......................................................... ..

() ........................................................ ..,..

( )................................ ..

............................ ..,..

80 ................................ ..,..,..

. . , Ũ , ....................................... :

..,..

- ............................................ ..

( ).......................... ..

- .......................... ..

( -1000/3).................... ..

( 1 : 200 000)......... ..

........................ ..

........................ ..

...................... ..

................................................ ..,..

, ¨ ...................... ..

....... ..

( ).............. ..

...................... ..,..,..

....................................... : XXXIII ..,..,..

..................................................... ..

......... ..,..

- ....................................................... ..,..

1 : 100 000......................................................... ..

.................. ..,..

.............................. ..

- :

, , ........................................ ..

.............. , , - ..

( )................................................... ..

........................... ..

( . )....................................................... ..,..,..

, ..................................... ..

.......................... ..

- ( )............... ..,..

............... ..,..,..,..

:

, ...................... ..,..,..,..,.., ..,..

( )..................... ..

- - ............ ..,..

....................................... ..,..,..

........... ..

...... ..,..

.............................. ..,..,..

............................................ ..,..,..,..

(. , ) ........................... ..,..

......................... ..

- .................... ..,..,..

- ................................... ..

- - .............................. ..

- ........................ ..

........... ..

- ( )................................. ..

- .................................... ..

................................. ..,..

, ........... ..,..

-137 , , ....................................... ..,..

- .......... ..

ʻ ܻ

- ....................................... ..,..

- ( )............................................... ..

................................................. ..

( BEDMAP2).................................. ..

.............. ..

һ

........................................................... ..,..,..

................................. ..

..................... ..

, ......................... ..

- ......... :

, , ..

: ......... ..,..,..,..,..

................. : XXXIII ..

- ڨ....................................... ..,..

....................... ..

...... ..,..,..

.............................. ..,..

......................... ..,..

.............................................. ..,..

................................... ..,..,..

Ũ ............... ..,..,..

.............................. ..,..,..,..,..

............................................. ..,..,..,..

-17, 21...... ..,..,..

.............................................. ..,..

- ................................... ..,..

.......................... ..,..

........................ ..

(- ) 1989 2012 .......................................... ..

.............. , , ..,..

........... ..,..,..,..,..

() 50 .................................... ..,..,.

................................................ ..,..,..

- ....... ..

- ........................................................ ..,..

................................ ..,..

- - ........ ..

....................................... ..

............................. ..

...................................... ..,..,..

. ........................................... ..,..

( )....................................................... ..,..

( )........................... ..,..,..,..

..................................................... ..,..

: , ..................... ..

( , ).......................................... ..,..

- - ................ ..

- ..................................... ..,..

................ ..,..

... ..,..

.............................. ..,..

........................................ ..

............................ ..,..

( )............................................ ..,..

.................. ..

......................... ..,..

......................... ..

( )................ ..,..

- ............................ ..

- ................................................... ..,..

- ................................................ ..

.................................. ..

........................ : XXXIII ..,..

..... ..,..

..................................... ..,..

................................................. ..,..,..,..,..,..

( , ) - .......................... ..,..,..,..

- .................... ..

.......... ..,..,..

/ - ........................................... ..

...................... ..

............... ..,..,..,..,.., ..,..,..,..,.., ..,..,..,..

........................................ ..,..,..,..

- .............. ..

................................. ..

.............. ..,..,..

........................... ..,..,..,..,.., ..,..

- .......... ..

........................................ ..

- 2- ........................................... ..

- ...................... ..,..

1....................................... ..,..

........................... ..

............ ..

Ǩ ( , - )............... ..,..

( )............................ ..

:

.......................... ..,..,..,..

, .......................................................... ..,..

: .................. ..,..

: ......... ..

......................... ..

: ( 105- )............................................... ..

- ......................... ..

............................................. ..,..,..,..

- ( )........................................... ..

..... ..

................................................ ..

........................... ..

- - л ()....................... ..

...................... ..,..

................................ ..,..,..

ջ .............................. ..,..,..,..

. ..................................... ..,..

- ........................................................... ..,..,..,..,..,.., Ը..

.................................... ..,..,..,..

- ( )....... ..

- ......................... ..

...................... ..

........... : XXXIII ..,.. , , chichagov@mail.ru, akoshkarev@yandex.ru DOMESTIC GEOMORPHOGICAL MAPPING V.P.Chichagov,A.V.Koshkarev Institute of Geography of RAS, Moscow, chichagov@mail.ru, akoshkarev@yandex.ru , .

, 1950 1990 . , . , 1956 . , . .

, [1 4] . 1940, 1953 1956 .

1958 . ( ) . III (1963) XI (1975) .

: 1926 1947 ., 1947 1963 ., 1964 80- , 90- .

. . . (1886), . . (1913) . . - (1915) [5].

. . (1926, 1940), . . (1937) ., л . . (1947). : л . . (1937), л . . (1937), . . , . . (- 1 : 10 000 000 1 : 35 000 000, 1941), - . . (- 1 : 5 000 000, 1947). . . (1946), . . (1946). 1940 . .

. . , 1941 . [2].

. , , . . (1950), . . (1952), . . (1952,1958), . . (1953, 1957, 1962), . . (1954), . . (1955), . . (1957), . . (1958), . . (1959), . . . . (1959), . . , . . , . . . (1959), . . , . . , . . (1962) . . . (1952) [5]. , , . , , , . , , 1946 ., - , . л - 1 : 2 5 000 000 (. . , 1954), - . . . . (1958), л - 1 : 4 000 000 . . . . .

(. . , 1957) , (- , 1958 1964).

1963 . III . , [1]. , , .

, ( ), . . : , , , . . . : , ;

- ;

, , . . . , , , , , , , , . . . , . . , . . , . . . . - , ;

: , , ;

, . . . , . . . . -, : , . . : , . . . , . . . . . . . . , . : 1) - , ;

- , ;

- ;

2) - ;

3) - . , ;

-. . . . . . , . . . . - 1 : 25 000 000. , . -, : XXXIII . , . . . - 1 : 15 000 000 1 : 60 000 000. . . , . . . , . . . - 1 : 40 000 000 .

, . . .

(1957);

. . (1957);

. . (1957) . . (1960). . . л. , л - 1 :4 000 000.

. . , . . . , . . . . (1961). : (1963), (1961), (1964), (1962), (1958), (1964), (1968), (1963), (1967), (1962) (1967). - (1964), (1967);

- 1 : 20 000 000 (1959), - 1 : 10 000 000, 1 : 15 000 000 1 : 25 000 000;

- 1 :5 000 000.

.

1975 . , XI . . 131 , : , , - , - [4]. (.. ), (. . , . . , . . . . , . . , . . , . . ., . . , . . ), - (. . . . ) (. . , . . . . ), (. . . . ) . - (. . . . , . . , . . , . . .;

(. . , . . . . ;

(. . , . . , . . ., . . . . );

(. . - . . ) . - . . . - ;

. . - , . . . . - , . . . . , . . . - (. . , . . , . . .) - (. . , . . , . . .). . . . . - , . . , . . , . . . - . (. . , . . , . . ), (. . , . . , . . .), (. . ), (. . . . ), (. . , . . , . . .), (. . , . . . . ), - (. . , . . , . . .), (.), - - (. . . . ). . . , . . , . . . , . . , . . . . .


, , . , - 1 : 25 000 000, , - 1 : 4 000 000 , - ( ), , , , . . . - 1 : 40 000 .

. - 1 : 200 000. , , , , , , , , , , .

(1961), (1990) (1997). , . . . . .

- 1 : 1 000 000 . . , ., . , - 1 : 1 000 000 . ., . . , . . , . . , . . . , , . , , , , , .

1973 . . , [2, .7]. .

1975 . , . , , , , . .

. . 20- , XXXIII .

, , , . 60 - , , , : XXXIII , (). , , : . . . . , (. . , 1978) , . . , , - , . , , , . , :

.

, , , . , . : 1 : 200 000 1 : 1 000 000, , (, 2011).

, (), . , , . , , - , 80- . . . , (. . , . . i, . . , 2006;

. . i, 2006). , , . . (. . , . . , 2009), ( ) , SRTM 90 90 , . , , , , . . . (2010). , , ETOPO5, GTOPO30, ETOPO2, ETOPO1, ASTER GDEM ., ( 1 : 100 000). (. . , 2011), (. . , 2012). , - (. . ., 1992) (. . , 2004).

, , . (), 5 5 ( ) , . , -. . (. . , . . , 2011). , , (. . , . . , 2012).


, , , , , . , , , (): -, (SAR), ( ). , , , . , 1 : 15 000 000 (1988) 1 : 2 500 000 (1987) 1 : 4 000 000 (1989).

, , . , .

1. . .: . 1965. 176 .

2. . .: . 1973. 248.

3. . XI . .: . 1975. 235.

4. . .: . 1978. 240 .

5. . . . .: - . 1952. 372 .

_ ..,.. .., , tyusimon@rambler.ru CURRENT STATE OF KNOWLEDGE ABOUT EARTH SURFACE RELIEF AND PROBLEMS OF GEOMORPHOLOGICAL MAPPING Ju.G.Simonov,T.Yu.Simonova Moscow State University, Faculty of Geograpry, Moscow, tyusimon@rambler.ru . , , XXXIII . , . , . , , , . , , , . , . , .

, , . . , . , , . , . , / . . . , : XXXIII , , , . .

. , , . , , . , . , . . . . , . . , , , . ( ) , , . .

, . . , . . . .

( ) . , . , , . . , , . , . , ( ) , . - , , - . , , , . , , . , .

, . , .

, , ( ) . ( ). . , , , , , . - , , . . , . - , . , .

, , . , , , . . . , , . .

, . , , . , . . .

, , . , . , , . . . , , . XX , . . , , . , . XX , . . - .

, , . . . XX . , , . . . . . . , - .

1980- . , . . , , . , , . .

, . . -, . . . , , , . . . . , , .

, , , , . , (, ). , . . , . , , , , - , . , , , . , . , . , .

, . , , , . , , , . ( ) , . , .

, . . : XXXIII , . . , , . . , . . . , , , , . , , , . . ,

. , , . , . . , . .

. . , , . .

(, 2011;

, 2012), , , , . .

, , .



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 31 |
 
 >>  ()





 
<<     |    
2013 www.libed.ru - -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .