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( ) Vomiting, vomit - coffee-grounds vomit Abdomen, belly - "acute" abdomen - board-like abdomen - frog belly \ abdomen - soft abdomen - tense abdomen - abdominal murmur - caput Medusae Skin gooseflesh - leopard skin - marble skin, cutis marmorata Nail - tower nail \ - spoon-like \ saucer-like nail - thimble nail Lupus erythematosus ( ) - butterfly rash on the face - dame's heel sing \ symptom Hansenias () () - claw hand (foot) - leonine face Tropical syphilis - symptom of crab's - elephantiasis of scrotum Ear(s) - satyr's ear - ringing in the ear Eyes, oculus - buphthalmos - running eye - snow blindness - lacrimal lake -jelly-like trachoma - Bonnet "small eyes" Kidney(s) - renal glomerulus - "testaceous" paranephritis Neuritis - claw hand - claw foot - horse foot - monkey hand Psychiatry - flow of thoughts - twilight state Botulism - sensation of a "thumping heart" Virus hepatitis - phenomenon of "liver palms" - phenomenon of "spider naevi" - "whip-lash" sigh \ symptom Typhus - "rabbit's eyes" symptom Plague, Mack death, pest - "chalk-like" tongue Cholera - " dark glasses" symptom Crown of a tooth -jacket crown of a tooth, dental jacket crown - thimble crown Occlusion - roof-like deep occlusion - coming together - bile plate - prosthetic bed Hormone(s) - labeled hormone - half-life of hormone Pain(s) - growing pain - pressing pain burning pain - knife-like pain - cutting pain - shooting pain - cramping \ cramp-like \ spasmodic pain - dull pain - arching pain - wooden /bandbox sound - metallic ringing Cell(s) - sickle cell - mast cell - heart failure cells Roentgenological picture of the diaphragm - dome of the diaphragm Roentgenological picture of the stomach - corkscrew-like esophagus - cascade stomach - hourglass / bilocular stomach - "niche" sing Mucosal - attenuation / annihilation of folds Roentgenological picture of the lungs - root of the lung - shadow in the lung field - ring - shaped shadow in the lung field - waist of the heart Roentgenological picture of the heart - "yoke" sing Narcosis, anesthesia - lytic cocktail Knife, scalpel, lancet - bellied scalpel - kitchen-knife position of a scalpel - pen-grip' position of a scalpel - fiddlestick position of a scalpel Douche, bedpan, food, fever - fan douche - needle shaped douche - bedpan (for male patients) - heavy food - to bring / keep the fever down Dressing, bandage - spica (bandage) / - creeping bandage / - turtle /imbricated bandage Fracture(s) - perforating fracture - satellite / V-shaped fracture - oblique fracture - knocked up fracture - impacted fracture - plaster boot / shoe Injury of the knee joint " " - "stuck heel" sing - "key" sing ' ' posterior compartment symptom ' ' - anterior compartment symptom Injury of peripheral nerves - drop hand - claw hand - horse foot - monkey hand Orthopedics - funnel chest - winged - hammer-finger (hammer-toe) - flat / splay foot - waddling gain - webbed neck - stiff-neck, wry-neck, torticollis Thorax, thoracic cage, chest - barrel chest - shoemaker's chest Respiration, breathing, breathe sounds - - gasping - amphoric respiration - paradoxical respiration - shallow-breathing - interrupted respiration - shoring breathing - respiratory depression Cough, coughing - moist / wet / productive cough - loud cough - ear cough Rales - buzzing / humming rales - sonorous rales - coarse bubbling rales - fine (bubbling) rales -dry rales - cracking rales Heart, cor - cor bovinum - bad heart - good heart / - drop /pendulous /hanging /suspended heart - pulmonary heart - 'open' heart - beer- heart - dry heart Murmur(s), bruit(s) - cat's murmur - three-chamber heart - 'gallop' rhythm - 'quail' rhythm - 'dove-coo' murmur - blowing murmur - growing murmur / - Addison's \ bronze disease - high altitude sickness - acute disease - background disease , - self-limited disease - to fight against a disease , (-) 1) keep somebody at arms length - 2) to receive with open arms 3) an arm and a leg , 4) arm in arm 5) a babe in arms 6) be up in arms - , 7) change ones arms - , 8) companion in arms , 1) behind smbs back 2) get off one`s back 3) off one`s back 4) a pat on the back , 5) stab in the back , 6) turn one`s back on - 7) as far back as , 8) at the back of ones mind 9) back and forth , ones back is broad 10) a back number 11) the back of beyond 12) back the wrong horse 13) back to the salt mines 14) have a broad back , 15) 1) fire in ones belly - , , 1) bad blood , 2) be in ones blood - - 3) ones blood freezes , 4) ones blood is up - , 5) ones blood runs cold = ones blood freezes 6) ones blood turns to ice = ones blood freezes 7) a bloody Mary

8) a bloody nose , 9) blue blood , draw blood - ;

10) draw the first blood , 11) flesh and blood - ;

, 12) fresh blood - ;

, 13) 1) keep body and soul together 1) have a bone to pick with somebody - 2) as bare as a bone 3) a bone of contention - 4) close to the bone - , , 5) as dry as a bone - ;

6) frozen to the bone - 1) rack ones brains 2) to cudgel one's brains over something - - 3) brains trust , 1) by the sweat of ones brow - 1) turn the other cheek 1) get a thing off ones chest - 1) smbs private ear 2) close ones ear to 3) come to smbs ears - 4) make a silk purse out of a sows ear - 5) prick up ones ears 6) to turn a deaf ear - 7) be music to ones ears - 8) be up in ones ears in smth , 9) box smbs ears - - 10)dry behind the ears , , 11)ones ears are burning - come out of ones ears 12) fall on deaf ears ;

13) gain smbs ear , - 14) have nothing between ones ears , 15) 1) rub elbows (shoulders) with somebody - 2) at smbs elbow - 1) see eye to eye with - 2) naked eye - 3) apple of ones eye - 4) before smbs eye - 5) eye for eye 6) have an eye for smth. - 7) close ones eyes for smth. - 8) pass through the eye of a needle - 9) throw dust in somebodys eyes - not to take (keep) ones eyes off - 10) mote in ones brothers eye - 11) meet somebodys eye - 12) not to believe ones own eyes 13) see with ones own eyes 14) an eagle eye - 15) pass ones eye 16) keep ones eyes open - 17) leap to the eyes 18) open smbs eyes for smth - - 19) in ones eyes - - 20) all my eye (and Betty Martin)! . . ! ! !

21) fasten ones eyes on smb.\ smth , 22) - (-) be in the public eye 23) believe ones own eyes - 24) a birds eye view - ;

, , 25) a black eye - , , 26) ones blue-eyed boy 27) catch smbs eye , - 28) catch the speakers eye ( ) 29) cry ones eyes out - , 30) cut ones eye-teeth , 31) do you see any green in my eye? 32) ?

easy on the eye - 33) everything swam before ones eyes - - 34) fasten ones eyes on smb - , - 35) throw dust in smbs eyes 36) 1) face the music , 2) face to face 3) in to smbs face 4) draw a face 5) put a good face on 6) in the face of ;


7) a change of face , 8) fly in smbs face ;


1) can be counted on the fingers of ones hand 2) lay a finger on (or hit the (right) nail on the head) 3) not to lift a finger 4) slip through smbs finger 5) twist smb. round ones little finger - 6) have smth. at ones fingers ends 7) have a finger in the pie - 8) burn ones fingers - , 9) crook ones finger - , - ones fingers are all thumbs - , ;

, 10) - ones fingers itch 11) stick to smbs fingers ( );

12) 1) to have something at one's fingertips - , 1) beneath somebodys foot 2) be (stand or get) on ones own feet 3) let the grass grow under ones feet 4) let no grass grow under ones feet 5) the ball is at ones feet 6) little wit in the head makes much work for the feet 7) be light on ones feet 8) crows feet , 9) fall on ones feet find ones feet - , ;

10) 1) bring down smbs grey hairs with sorrow to the grave - 2) hair of the dog that bite you 3) not to turn a hair 4) one's hair stood on end - 5) to tear one's hair out - 6) to split hairs - 7) by a hair - 8) blush to the roots of ones hair , 9) curl smbs hair - - ;

, 1) an old hand 2) hand in hand 3) at first hand - 4) at second hand , 5) play into smbs hand - 6) wash ones hands of 7) tie ones hand 8) try ones hands at smth - 9) on ones hands be in good hands 10) be out of hands 11) bite the hand that feeds you 12) bind smb hand and foot - 13) change hands - 14) come to hands 15) eat out of smbs hand - - 16) fall into smbs hands - 17) have the upper hand - 18) get smth off ones hands - 19) give smb a free hand - 20) lay hands on - 21) lift up ones hand against smb - - 22) take smth into ones own hands 23) slip from out of ones hands - 24) ask for a ladys hand - 25) at the hands of smb - 26) be wax in smbs hands - , 27) cap in hand - , , , 28) carry ones life in ones hands - , 29) clean hands - , 30) dirty ones hands , 31) fall into the wrong hands - 32) a firm hand , 33) force smbs hand - - ;


34) a free hand - 35) take in hand - , -;

36) , ;

1) enter ones head 2) from head to foot 3) risk ones head 4) get it into ones head 5) get smb. out of ones head 6) have a head on ones shoulders 7) run ones head against a brick wall 8) lift up ones head 9) lose ones head go off ones head 10) off ones head 11) hit the nail on the head 12) to have a good head on one's shoulders 13) to lose one's head - / 14) to keep one's head - 15) to bury one's head in the sand - 16) to carry one's head high - 17) to wash one's head - / - 18) batter ones head against a wall 19) be head and shoulder above smb - 20) be head over ears , 21) bite smbs head off , -, 22) bother ones head about , -., 23) - bring smth to a head -, -, 24) -;

- - a clear head , 25) clear ones head - 26) come into ones head = come to ones mind - , 27) come to head , ;

, , 28) a cool head - , 29) as cross as a bear with a sore head ;

30) , eat out of smbs hand - , - 31) fling oneself at smbs head - - 32) hit the right nail on the head , 33) wet the babys head 34) 1) not to have the heart 2) search ones heart 3) after ones heart 4) at heart 5) be sick at heart 6) heart and soul 7) to win ones heart - 8) take smth to heart 9) break smbs heart - open ones heart to smb. 10) with a heavy heart 11) with a light heart - 12) lose heart 13) take heart - 14) at the bottom of ones heart 15) by heart , 16) a change of heart - , 17) close to ones heart - 18) cross ones heart - , ;


19) cut smb to the heart - , 20) dear heart , 21) eat ones heart out , , 22) from the bottom of ones heart , 23) single heart (mind) 24) a kind (soft, sympathetic, warm) heart - 25) 1) at smbs heels ;

2) bring smb to heel - - , , , - 3) come to heel - , 4) cool ones heels 5) dig in ones heels - , , 6) down at heels - , ;

, 1) as fast as ones legs can carry one , 2) be on its last legs 1) go out on a limb 1) at the top of ones lungs 1) take the bread out of somebodys mouth - - 2) shoot off ones mouth - 3) be born with a silver spoon in ones mouth - 4) down in the mouth - 5) keep ones mouth shut - . .

6) look a gift horse in the mouth - 7) make somebodys mouth water - 8) to live from hand to mouth - 9) by word of mouth , 1) flex ones muscles ;

1) a millstone about (or round) ones neck 2) catch (or get, take) it in the neck 3) put ones neck into a noose 4) risk ones neck 5) stick ones neck out 6) be up to ones neck , 7) dead from the neck up - an albatross about ones neck ;

8) ( The Ancient Mariner (1798) , ) 9) breathe down smbs neck - , -, -;

- neck and neck - ;

, 10) 1) a bag of nerves 1) poke ones nose into somebodys affairs 2) under the nose of somebody 3) look down ones nose at 4) not to be able to see beyond ones nose 5) lead by the nose 6) put smbs nose out 7) before ones nose 8) cannot see beyond ones nose , 9) cut off ones nose to spite ones face - from under ones nose - - 10) 1) a chip on ones shoulder - , ,;

. -, 2) cry on smbs shoulder stomach - - , 1) have butterflies in ones .

1) stick in ones throat 2) cut ones own throat - , 3) grab (someone) by the throat 5)jump down (someone`s) throat - ,

6)to get a frog in the throat - , , - 7)be at each others throat - 8)cram smb down smbs throat - 9)cut each others throat , 10)cut throat competition 11)force smb down smbs throat \ cram smb down smbs throat - 1) twiddle ones thumbs 2) rule of thumb 3) be all thumbs 4) by the pricking of ones thumbs - 1) toe the line 2) from top to toe - c 1) sharp tongue - 2) be at the tip of ones tongue - 3) hold ones tongue - 4) loose somebodys tongue - 5) wag ones tongue - 6) a clever tongue will take you anywhere - 7) to have lost somebodys tongue - 8) the word is on the tip of my tongue - 9) to have ones tongue in ones cheek one could have bitten ones tongue off - 10) find ones tongue 11) a long (loose) tongue 12) a bad (biting, bitter, dangerous, venomous, wicked, shrewd) tongue 13) 1) tooth and nail 2) fed to the teeth 3) be long in the tooth 4) set ones teeth on the edge 5) tooth for tooth 6) get the bit between ones teeth 7) armed to the teeth 8) to show ones teeth 9) by the skin of ones teeth , -, take the bear by the tooth 10) 1) to doctor something , , .

2) to kill or cure 3) to take ones own medicine (. ) ;

= , .

4) to gild (to sugar) the pill () , .

5) to swallow the pill , .

6) to sweeten the draught ( ) .

7) to take the temperature of , , .

8) to feel the pulse of ;

, , .

9) a bitter pill to swallow ;

, , .

a fly in the ointment .

10) a good dose of - 11) a dose of his own medicine , 12) a clean bill of health , 13) 1) Alive and kicking 2) Feel fit 3) Feel quite oneself 4) (As) fine / fit as a fiddle 5) Be a picture of health 6) Be (as) right as rain 7) A bag of bones = skin and bone - 8) Feel like a boiled wet rag 9) Feel like death /warmed up Go (all) to pieces 10) Go from bad to worse 11) Under the weather 12) Between life and death 13) Catch a cold - 14) Catch a disease - 15) Catch one's death 16) Look like a death's head 17) Cause disease 18) Smb's days are numbered - 19) Breathe one's last (breath or gasp) - 20) Die a natural death 21) Die in one's boots / Die with one boots on 22) Hope against hope 23) Be a martyr to smth - 24) Cheat death - 25) Take one's life in one's own hands 26) Take medicine 27) The best medicine 28) Respond to treatment 29) Perform an operation 30) Nurse smb back to health - 31) Bring smth. to life - 32) Be on call 33) Under the doctor (for) 34) Hospital bed 35) The medical profession 36) An apple a day keeps the doctor away , 37) Good health is above wealth 38) At deaths door , 39) Chilled to the bone 40) -

HUMAN ANATOMY I. Do you keep your body in good form? What do you do? What do people mean saying A SOUND MIND IN A SOUND BODY?

II. Study new words from the table and fill in the gaps in the text below Parts of the body Internal organs 1) body - 1) heart - 2) head - 2) lungs - 3) hair - 3) tongue - 4) face - 4) pharynx - 5) esophagus 5) cheek - 6) eye - 6) stomach - 7) ear - 7) liver - 8) gall bladder 8) mouth -po 9) tooth- 9) pancreas - 10) arm - 11)leg - 10) duodenum 12)hand - () 13) finger - () 11) small intestine 14) toe - () 12) appendix - 13) rectum 15)foot - 16) forehead- 14) kidney - 15) bladder 17) nose - 16)uterus 18) shoulder - 19) chest - 20) back - 21) moustaches- 22) eyebrow- 23) lip- 24)chin- 25)eyelashes- 26)beard- 27)neck- 28)thumb- 29)elbow- 30)waist-, 31)hip- 32)knee- The Human Body The principal parts of the human body are the..., the..., the...... We speak of the upper extremities ( arms ) and of the lower extremities (legs).

The head consists of two parts: the... which contains the brain and the face which consists of the..., the..., the..., the... with the lips, the..., the... and the....

The ear includes three principal parts: the external ear, the middle ear and the internal ear.

The mouth has two lips: an upper lip and a lower lip. In the mouth there are...

with..., a... and a.... The head is connected with the trunk by the neck. The upper part of the trunk is the... and the lower part is the.... The principle organs in the chest are the..., the... and the... (...). We breathe with the lungs and the heart makes beats.

The principal organs of the abdominal cavity are the..., the..., the..., the..., the..., the... and the....

The upper extremity is connected with the chest by the shoulder. Each arm consists of the upper arm, the forearm, the elbow, the wrist and the hand. We have four fingers and a thumb on each hand.

The lower extremity consists of the hip, the..., the..., the... and the foot. The skin covers the body.

III. Answer the questions on the text 1. What are the principal parts of the body?

2. What parts does the head consist of?

3. What is there in the mouth?

4. What are the principal organs of the chest?

5. What are the principal organs of the abdominal cavity?

IV. Look at the picture and share your opinion about appearance of the couple. Use adjectives below Long - oval - rosy - pale Handsome - ugly - healthy - slender Short - stout - blue - grey Dark - brown - straight - upturned Light - black - green - fair Round - broad - narrow - nice V. In English, words connected with the body are often used in popular idioms.

Match the English idioms with their Russian equivalents. Comment on their meanings 1. - 1. A bodyguard 2. - 2. To get cold feet 3. 3. To turn a blind eye 4. To pull someones leg 5. To be the apple of 4. someones eye 5. , To make someones 6.

blood boil 6. 7. A second-hand car - To have ones tongue in 8.

7. ones cheek 8. - 9. To be all ears 9. -, 10. To be two-faced 11. Two heads are better 10. () than one 12. To give someone the 11. cold shoulder 12. VI. Fill in the gaps in the story using information from Ex.V Ned Clifton, the...-guard was beginning to get cold.... The reason was that he turned a blind...

to the fact that a tall stranger had been pulling his... when he had told Ned that he was a veterinary surgeon who had come to see Abigail, the actress's dog. Abigail was the apple of Glorias....Any attempt to hurt her made the actresss... boil. Every day she took Abigail far a drive in her second.... car. Few people recognized her in the old car. Ned decided to take a second opinion;

after all, two... are better than one. He telephoned his friend Ken, also a... guard to another famous film star, if he would help him to solve the "veterinary surgeon" problem.

Ken said: "Your trouble is that you are too naive. You will believe anything. Don't be two... If you start deceiving her, she will give you the cold... and will get rid of you because she does not trust you". These were strong words. Ned rushed into the house. The actress was lying on the floor. Dead? No. She had fainted with a shock. The vet announced that the dog must have an operation. A real tragedy.

VII. Using the Phraseological dictionary by Kunin A.V. find idioms concerning the parts of the body. Exchange your information with your classmates. Illustrate some of the idioms and make sure your classmates guess the meaning of the picture VIII. Choose the odd idioms out. Explain your choice blow out somebody's brains to come to a head to put one's foot down a good heart pull oneself together in the neck of time settle somebodys hash at the heart of something to lose one's legs IX. The order of the words in these phrases is correct. But the letters in each word are rearranged. Read and write them down ebpuotensocnek tachctini het cenk nribgwond bmsregysarihtihwrroowsot het ravge vigeomebosyd a eerfanhd X. Pick out the right version of the set given at the right and fill in the blank. Consult the dictionary to check your choice. Define what meaning is implied in the idiom you prefer to use 1. The small A hand, a head, an eye, a hair, a toe boy was very brave. Even when the large dog growled at him and shows its teeth he stood and didnt turn.

2. He was Soft-hearted, warm-blooded, short-sighted, too and heavy-livered, light-fingered couldnt refuse money to his children and relatives whenever they asked for it.

3. When the Good ear, weak heart, hot blood, strong boy asked his taste, hard head parents to allow him to learn to play the piano, they agreed because they knew he had a for music.

Nails, hairs, fingers, foots, shoulders 4. The driver in the car missed death by a .

Breadth as he swerved to miss the passing petrol truck.

5. Georges Blood, nerve, heart, brain, nose father was a pilot and I think he will be one too;

flying is in his.

6. Our Plum in his mouth, apple of his eye, peach professor has four of his face, cherry of his cheek, grape of his sons but it is the youngest son who blood is really the .

7. The judge Red-handed, with a straight face, in bad said that there blood, in cold blood, when his blood was up was no apparent motive or reason for the crime and that the accused had apparently killed his victim.

8. The Warm the cockles of your heart, bring advertisement of tears to your eyes, make your flesh creep, that suspense film said that it make your blood boil, make you see red guaranteed to.

9. Peter is a Poking his nose into, having a hand in, nasty sort of a pulling a long face at, putting his foot in, person. He cannot help other turning his back on peoples private affairs.

10. We could Shot in the arm, stab in the black, blow on never imagine the head, punch in the kidney, kick on the skin that he would deliver us such a blow, it looks like a.

XI. Combine the words from the columns into idioms Be in ones tongue Keep ones on the head Close brothers eye sick at Mote ones in the pie Wag the nail eyes open Hit ones ear to Have a finger heart XII. Compose the idioms from the given words or, elbows, with, shoulders, rub, someone the, on, pat, back ones, turn, stomach teeth, set, edge, one's, on be, the, tooth, long, in the, bush, a bird, in, is worth, the hand, two, in hands, somebodys, fall, in the, dog, a hair, of, that, you, bite Cards Set-expressions XIII.

: . , .

. .

(, hand in hand "play into somebodys hands"). . (), , . Behind somebodys back, At the top of ones lungs, Be on ones hind legs , , pass through the eye of a needle - . - .


Mouth 1) Take the bread out of somebodys - mouth 2) Shoot off ones mouth 3) Be born with a silver spoon in ones mouth 4) Down in the mouth .

5) Keep ones mouth shut .

6) Look a gift horse in the mouth 7) Make somebodys mouth water 8) To live from hand to mouth Teeth 1) Fed to the teeth 2) Tooth and nail 3) Be long in the tooth 4) Set ones teeth on the edge 5) A tooth for tooth 6) Get the bit between ones teeth 7) Armed to the teeth 8) To show ones teeth Eye 1) Throw dust in somebodys eyes 2) Pass through the eye of a needle 3) Not to take (keep) ones eyes off 4) Mote in ones brothers eye 5) Meet somebodys eye 6) See eye to eye with 7) Naked eye 8) To be the apple of ones eye Heart 1) Not to have the heart 2) Search ones heart 3) After ones heart ( ) 4) At heart 5) Be sick at heart 6) Heart and soul 7) To win ones heart - 8) Take something to heart Tongue 1) Sharp tongue 2) Be at the tip of ones tongue 3) Hold ones tongue 4) Loose somebodys tongue 5) Wag ones tongue 6) A clever tongue will take you anywhere 7) To have lost somebodys tongue 8) The word is on the tip of my tongue Hand 1) Wash ones hands of 2) Tie ones hands 3) Play into somebodys hands - 4) On ones hands 5) At first hand 6) Be in good hands 7) Be out of hand 8) Play into somebodys hands - XIV. Match the English proverbs with their Russian equivalents. Comment on their meanings and use in the sentences of your own 1. 1.Two heads are better than one 2. 2. Better bend the neck than bruise the forehead 3. Dont look a gift horse in the 3. , mouth 4. 4. Better the foot slip than the tongue 5. , 5. Walls have ears 6. 6. Fear has magnifying eyes 7. , 7. A horse stumbles that has four legs 8. , 8. Scratch my back and I scratch yours XV. Choose the right idiom from the brackets 1. Do you think she would have told him if it is so, I just wondered, said Craddock, whether she might have had.. an idea that her husband had been responsible. The doctors manner was a little peculiar. I may have imagined it but I dont think I did. (A. Christie. The Mirror Crackd from Side to Side.) (behind somebodys back, at (or in) the back of ones mind, go through fire and water) 2. Soames doggedly let the spring come no easy task for one conscious that time was flying, his ., no issue from the web anywhere visible.

(J. Galsworthy. In Chancery.) (a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush, fall in somebodys hands, a hair of the dog that bite you) 3. We have to deal with a most clever and unscrupulous man, and we must use any means in our power otherwise he will . That is why I have been careful to remain in the background.

(A. Christies. The Mysterious Affair At Styles.) (have something at ones fingers tips, slip through somebodys fingers, let the grass grow under ones feet ) 4. I think she had nursed all those years a kind of hatred for the unknown person who had been the cause of her tragedy. And here suddenly she meets that person .

(A. Christie. The Mirror Crackd from Side to Side).

(draw a face, in the face of, face to face) 5. He , shoed with what keenness and with what enormous planning he had made the store. And he had plans for it, ambitious plans.

(J. London. Martin Eden.) (open (uncover) ones heart to somebody, wear ones heart on ones sleeve, search ones heart) XVI. Give correct proverb or saying taking into consideration the following definitions - Interfere with (what does not concern one) - To say something very loudly - To bother somebody - An experienced man - To be lazy and not to do anything - To be in bad mood - To show doubt and disbelief - To be under the influence of somebody - Be elderly or old - Fiercely, with a great effort XVII. Read the passages and translate the underlined phrases using idioms 1) , , , : , .- .. .

2) . , , . , . , , . , . . . . .

3) . , . , ! , . , ! . . .

PHYSIOLOGY THE SKIN I. Share your ideas about the idiom GET UNDER SOMEONES SKIN Read the verse and explain the meaning of the idiom to be in II.

somebodys skin I want you to think What does it mean To be in somebodys skin?

It is easy to blame Than offer a help.

Its easy to shout Than stop and be quiet.

When friend is in trouble Dont idle around.

If a child is crying Smile and be charming.

III. Analyze the following symptoms and form them into different groups Before judging someone according to the diseases Stop cos its no fun.

Dont hide, its time to think gooseflesh What does it mean butterfly rash on the skin To be in somebodys skin?

phenomenon of liver palms leopard skin anterior compartment symptom marble skin cutis marmorata phenomenon of spider naevi attenuation \ annihilation of folds knife-like pain cutting pain shooting pain cramping \ cramp-like \ spasmodic pain dull pain arching pain IV. Read and translate the following terms of the Latin origin. Memorize the meaning of the term-element neu- . Compose the sentences of your own with them neurodynamia neuralgiform neuramebimeter neoroanatomy neurobiology neurocanal neurocardiac neurosurgery V. Analyze the following terms and define the Latin prefixes Contraceptive, reliability, perceptible, neuroctomy, neuraxon VI. Match the following English word-combinations with the Russian ones a. 1.exceptional reliability b. 2.normal functioning c. 3.cerebral hemisphere d. 4.perceptible consequences e. 5.cerebral cortex VII. Read and translate the following terms. Memorize the meaning of the term-element kerato- keratocele keratocentesis keratoconjunctivitis keratodermatitis keratodermia keratogenous keratoleukoma keratohyalin I. Match the following English word combinations with the Russian ones 1.metabolic process 2. pathogenic microbes 3. sebaceous gland 4. excretory function 5. protective properties 6. sweat gland 7. to undergo atrophic changes a. b. c. d. e. f. g. IX. Put in the required words from those given in the right column.

Analyze the underlined expressions and give their meaning 1. The a. eleidin specialized receptor of the skin b. the skin receives various stimuli from c. impermeable 2. A healthy d. the external environment skin is to most pathogenic e. lubricant microbes is a 3.

product of transformation of keratohyalin into a horny substance 4. Sebum serves as an oily of the skin 5. is connected with the central nervous system and through it with the other organs and systems X. Find substitutes for the following word combinations 1. substance which forms the base of horny tissue 2. the quality of being compact 3. any agent producing reaction in an irritable tissue 4. pertaining to secretion 5. a layer of tissue 6. a substance which does not alter its shape in response to any force a. Density b. panniculus c. keratin d. stimulus e. secretory f. solid g.

XI. Study the text and pick out the words of Latin origin. Give their meaning. Do the tasks after the text Structure of the Skin The anatomical structure of the skin fits it for the performance of important functions.

The skin is composed of three layers:1) epidermis or external layer;

2) true skin or derma, and 3) subcutaneous adipose layer or panniculus adiposus.

The epidermis consists of epithelial cells which possess great ability to multiply and replace the destroyed cells of this layer. Owing to this ability any wound suffered by the skin, as a result of injury or skin disease, heals quickly and without leaving a trace.

Microscopic examination of the skin shows that it is composed of five layers:

1) stratum germinativum or basale, 2) prickle-cell layer, 3) stratum granulosum, 4) stratum lacidum, 5) stratum corneum.

The stratum germinativum or basale adheres to the true skin or derma. It consists of one layer of cylindrical cells with large easily stained nuclei. The cells of the stratum germinativum do not adhere each other, but are divided by narrow fissures. These fissures called intracellular canaliculi extend into similar canaliculi of the overlying prickle-cell layer of the epidermis. Lymph from the lymphatic fissures of the derma penetrates into the canaliculi of the epidermis and circulates through them. The cells of the stratum basale are interconnected by protoplasmic bridges. The epidermis has no blood vessels, and the lymph entering the intracellular canaliculi brings the nutrient substances into the epidermis removes the metabolites.

The prickle-cell layer is made up of an average of 4-6 rows of cells. The interpapillary prominences of the epidermis have more rows of cells.

The stratum granulosum is composed of 1-3 rows of elongated cells arranged parallel to the surface of the skin. These cells have pale nuclei.

Over the stratum granulosum is stratum lacidum. It is composed of 1-3 rows of flat, shiny cells without nuclei. The protoplasm of these cells contains eleidin.

Eleidin is product of further transformation of keratohyalin into a horny substance.

The stratum corneum is the outmost layer of the epidermis. It is formed of several intimately united rows of flat, thin, horny plates overlying each other.

XII. Make up word combinations o Epithelial o Stratum o Lymphatic o Horny o Stratum o External o Stratum o True o Panniculus o Stratum o Intracellular o Subcutaneous o Protoplasmic - Bridges - Corneum - Lacidum - Germinativum - Canaliculi - Substances - Cells - Adiposus - Fissure - Adipose layer - Granulosum - Layer - Skin XIII. Complete the sentences with the phrases from the brackets 1. Epithelial cells can (divide, multiply, exchange) the destroyed cells of the layer.

2. Any wound suffered by the skin has ability to (destroy, heal, adhere) quickly.

3. True skin is (one, four, six) of the layers of the skin.

4. The stratum germinativum consists of (cylindrical, epithelial, blood) cells with large easily strained nuclei.

5. The cells of stratum basale are (interchanged, interconnected, removed) by protoplasmic bridges.

6. The cells of the stratum granulosum are arranged (above, parallel, beneath).

XIV. Choose the right version from the columns subcutaneous layer external layer epithelial cells cylindrical cells () intracellular canaliculi narrow fissures lymphatic fissures stratum germinativum or basale prickle-cell layer stratum granulosum stratum lacidum stratum corneum blood vessels pale nuclei horny substance horny plates XV. Make up the sentences using the given words 1. the microscope, one can, of the skin, under, layers, see, five 2. consists of, the stratum, cells, granulosum, cylindrical 3. adiposus, epidermis, skin, and, true, the skin, panniculus, constitutes 4. of the, body, the skin, human, covering, a natural, is 5. the canaliculi, circulates, through, lymph 6. in the stratum, multiply, germinativum, the cells, of, the epidermis 7. many, bridges, the prickle-cells, intercellular, have, protoplasmic XVI. What questions would you ask to get such answers?

1) ? The skin is a sense organ with the numerous complex nervous receptors.

2) ? The skin participates in the processes of protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism.

3) ? The specialized receptors of the skin receive various stimuli from the external environment.

4) ? The secretory function of the skin is performed by the sweat and sebaceous glands.

5) ? It is 98 per cent water and 2 per cent solid residue.

6) ? Close to 500-600 ml of sweat is excreted in 24 hours.

7) ? In cases of hard physical work, high external temperature and fever the amount of excreted sweat may sharply increase.

XVII. Translate into English . 1 . (3-8 ), (1-5 ), (2-4 , ) , . , .

XVIII. Situation It is very hot outside. Many people get sunstroke in such weather. Discuss with your classmates how to cool the body and protect it from overheating XIX. Fill in the gaps of the mind-map and speak about the skin and its Anatomy Stratum corneum The skin True skin DISEASES THE COMMON SYMPTOMS Share your ideas about the idiom BE SICK AND TIRED OF II.

SOMETHING OR SOMEONE III. Read the verse and tell why every doctor considers the symptoms The illness steals inside of you.

All of a sudden you feel blue.

You dont know what it is.

You ask the doctor Help me, please He knows signs of the disease Headache or cough or dizziness.

It takes him time to have a look Because he reads them like a book.

Then he considers common symptoms And starts the process of treatment IV. Look up the meaning of the following idioms in the phraseological dictionary by Kunin A.V.

1. Alive and kicking 20. Breathe ones last 2. Feel fit 21. Die a natural death 3. Feel quite oneself 22. Be a martyr to smth 4. (As) fine/fit as a fiddle 23. Cheat death 5. Be a picture of health 24. Die in ones boots 6. Be (as) right as rain 25. Hope against hope 7. A bag of bones = skin of bones 26. Take ones life in ones hands 8. Feel like a boiled/wet rag 27. Take medicine 9. Feel like death/warmed up 28. The best medicine 10. Go all to pieces 29. Respond to treatment 11. Go from bad to worse 30. Perform an operation 12. Under the weather 31. Nurse smb back to health 13. Between life and death 32. Bring smb to life 14. Catch a cold 33. Be on call 15. Catch a disease of expressions with the sameUnder the doctor for examples of your 34. meanings. Give V. Make pairs own with any of these idioms 16. Catch ones death 35. Hospital bed a) doctors, nurses, and other persons 17.1. Alive a deaths head Look like and kicking 36. The medical profession who treat people 37. Good health is above wealth 18.2. Hospital bed Cause disease b) to make someone live, regain consciousness 19. Smbs days are numbered c) a place in a hospital for a sick 3. Perform an operation person 4. Breathe ones last d) to hope for something that seems impossible e) to die while still working 5. Cheat death f) take a substance used for treating illness 6. Be a picture of health g) If someone or something is alive and kicking? They are not only still 7. Feel fit living or in existence, but are also very active and lively 8. A bag of bones = skin and bone h) to look very healthy i) an extremely serious, dangerous 9. The medical profession situation when someone may die if people do not act immediately 10. Be on call j) completely healthy k) to feel fine 11. Bring smb to life l) very tired m) to be healthy 12. Respond to treatment n) to feel very ill o) to be completely well and healthy 13. Nurse smb back to health again p) to be nervous 14. Under the doctor for q) very thin r) good health is the most important 15. Good health is above thing for a person s) if a doctor is on call, he is ready wealth to go and help t) being treated by a doctor for 16. Take medicine u) to get better when you are treated Take ones life in ones v) to nurse someone until they are 17.

well again to cut into smbs body to w) own hands repair or remove a part that is damaged x) to put oneself in danger of death 18. Be a martyr to smth y) to manage to avoid death though it seemed that someone would not be 19. Hope against hope able to z) to suffer greatly/ die because of 20. Die a natural death smth Smbs days are aa) to die quietly of old age or 21.

illness bb) to cause smth means to numbered make it happen cc) there only remains a short 22. Cause disease time before smth unpleasant will Look like a deaths head happen to someone 23.

dd) to die Catch ones death ee) to be very cold and 24.

probably become very ill ff)to look like death (warmed up) 25. Feel quite oneself gg) feeling slightly ill hh) to become more difficult 26. (As) fine/fit as a fiddle ii) to become ill with a cold jj) to get a disease by being infected 27. Catch a cold 28. Go all to pieces 29. Under the weather 30. Catch a disease 31. Be as right as rain 32. Feel like a boiled/wet rag 33. Go from bad to worse 34. Between life and death 35. Feel like death/warmed up VI. Give the standard form of each of the idioms in the sentences below going by the allusions in bold type 1. You are not feeling ill, are you? he asked Anyhow, you ought to go and see a doctor, said Henry. A doctor a day keeps the jim-jams away, he added heartily 2. I cant bear to tear myself away from the fun, she said, and it was clear that she really meant it. But early to bed, you know, Im sure I could do with a lot more health, she added with a sigh.

3. Not that they said so much. All these doctors stick together. Its, what they dont say thats significant.

4. I wanted to get on with my work. I was the victim of circumstances. Every heart has its bullet, theres a fatal woman for every man. Luckily he doesnt often meet her.

Comment on the use of the verb may in the following idioms.


Memorize them. Give their Russian equivalents.

1. The remedy may be worse than the disease.

2. Sticks and stones may break my bones, but words will never hurt me.

3. A fair face may hide a foul heart.

VIII. Try to decide which idiom could help you express yourself in the following situations 1. You make an appointment with your doctor for 6 pm. You arrive at 6.15. He complains that he has been waiting for 15 minutes. What would you say?

2. Your friend smokes 60 cigarettes a day. He has a bad cough and he is always whining that he would like to give up smoking. You offer to pay for expensive anti smoking therapy. He says that he doesnt want to do it because he will miss his favourite television serial. What do you think to yourself?

IX. Link each of the pictures with one of the idioms listed below. Comment on the meaning of each of them. Use them in situations of your own 1. Come (go) all to pieces.

2. A bag of bones.

3. Hospital bed.

4. An apple a day keeps the doctor away.

X. Tell an episode or reconstruct a situation from a book you have read that will lead you to say "So as the idiom/proverb goes XI. Use the idioms and proverbs in dialogues or situations of your own.

The expressions in brackets will help you 2. Two heads are better than one (to prepare to seminar, to turn to somebody for help, to be good at).

3. An apple a day keeps the doctor away (to catch a cold, to go and see a doctor, to examine somebody, to give medicine for headache, to eat lots of fruit).

XII. Use some of the idioms to make up a story. A student starts it with Laughter is the best medicine. Other students should take turns building upon this sentence, turn by turn XIII. In the following sentences there is an idiom. Decide what you think is the key word, then look in the dictionary to see if you are right Die a natural death to die quietly of old age or illness.

Die in ones boots to die while still working.

Hope against hope to hope for something that seems impossible.

Be a martyr to smth to suffer greatly/ die because of smth.

Cheat death to manage to avoid death though it seemed that someone would not be able to.

Take ones life in ones own hands to put oneself in danger of death.

Take medicine take a substance used for treating illness.

Respond to treatment to get better when you are treated.

Perform an operation to cut into smbs body to repair or remove a part that is damaged.

Nurse smb back to health to nurse someone until they are well again.

Bring smb to life to make someone live, regain consciousness.

Be on call if a doctor is on call, he is ready to go and help.

Under the doctor for being treated by a doctor for.

Hospital bed a place in a hospital for a sick person.

The medical profession doctors, nurses, and other persons who treat people.

Good health is above wealth good health is the most important thing for a person.

Give examples of you own with any of these idioms.

XIV. Rewrite the sentences in non-idiomatic English. Expand on the sentences.

Model: When I saw my grandfather last time, he was alive and kicking. He didnt look his age. He was still active and energetic.

When I saw my father last time, he was alive and kicking. 2) Im afraid, my grandmother is not feeling fit. 3) Youll catch a cold, if you go for a walk in cold weather. 4) It was a matter of life and death. 5) Good health is above wealth. 6) My sister nursed her husband back to health. 7) A famous doctor is going to perform this operation. 8) My friends illness is responsible to treatment. 9) My nerves have gone to pieces. 10) Her grandmother managed to cheat death.

XV. The following sentences all contain an idiom with one key word missing. Choose one of the four alternatives to complete the idioms.

Use the sentences in some meaningful context My friend is as fine as a . (kibble, fiddle, tiddler, giggle). 2) As far as I know, my uncle is alive and .(licking, picking, kicking, ticking). 3) I am feeling .(fab, fey, fine, fit). 4) They say our neighbour is as right as .(train, brain, rain, grain). 5) My friend feels like a boiled .(rat, ram, rag, ray). 6) The actor died in his .(shoes, slippers, boots, sandals).

XVI. Read the following passages and choose the correct key word to complete the idioms. Use your dictionary to check your answers. Translate the passages into Russian. Expand on these statements 3. Youll catch your death of .(hold/cold) standing there with nothing on. Theres quite a cold wind now that the suns gone down.

(From The Sandcastle by I. Murdoch) 4. Forgive me for talking about this again, he said gently, but I thought it might comfort you I know how frightfully difficult it is on these occasions to say anything that is of the least use I thought it might mean something to you that Walter died a .(martyr/barter) to science and to his duty.

(From The Painted Vail by W.S Maugham) 5. I think I shall go to Japan as I did last year, he said. The doctors say I must get out of the heat if I dont want to go all to .([pieces/parts).

(From The Painted Vail by W.S Maugham) 6. I suppose if I died youd cry a bit. That would be nice of you and very proper.

But Im all alive and .(locking/kicking). Dont you find me rather a nuisance.

(From The Bread-Winner by W.S. Maugham) XVII. The following sentences all contain some idioms. Read and translate them into English. Use a Russian-English dictionary and the English-Russian Phraseological Dictionary by A.V. Kunin.

1. ? , . . (. . ) 2. , , . (. . ) 3. , , , . (. . ) 4. , -, . (. . ) 5. . . (. . ) 6. , - , , . (. . ) 7. : . , . (. . ) Use the idioms to make notes under the heading Preventive medicine. In pairs discuss your notes XVIII. Rewrite the following text in idiomatic English Jack felt very tired and ill. Besides, he was nervous. The man was very thin. The doctor gave him a thorough examination and told him to stay in bed and take some tablets and cough mixture. He said then was nothing serious;

Jack would get better soon. He would be completely well and healthy again if he followed the doctor's advice. The doctor also told Jack to eat more fruit. He said that apples were good for his health. The doctor advised complete rest. The only way to cure Jack's illness was to rest, give up smoking and take the prescribed medicine;

Jack hoped he'd feel fine again soon. His health was more import ant to him than money or any other thing.

XIX. Build up bits of text with the following as concluding sentences 1. So he is still alive and kicking.

2. As far as I know, she's still as fit as a fiddle.

3. I'm glad, he's as right as rain now.

4. Unfortunately, she went all to pieces.

5. I found him between life and death.

6. That's why he caught a cold.

7. His days were numbered I.

8. Then he breathed his last gasp.

9. She died in her boots.

10. Thus, he cheated death.

XX. Use the following as initial sentences and expand on them 1. Dr Brown is on call now.

2. We hope the doctors will bring on friend to life.

3. My aunt has nursed her friend back to health.

4. Dr Smith is going to perform the operation.

5. My friend's illness is responding to treatment.

6. I'm afraid, the patient looks like a death's head.

XX. Make up short conversations in the following situations. Use the idioms 1. Your friend is in the hospital. Ask the doctor how he/she is.

2. You are in the hospital. Talk to the person in the bed next to yours.

3. Your best friend needs to have an operation. He/she doesnt want it. Talk to him/her about it.

XXI. A. Read and translate the following passage into Russian. Compose a story about Kittys mother (Mrs. Garstin) and her illness.

Two letters were handed to Kitty. One of them was from Doris:

Kitty darling I expect Father has written to you. Mother has got to have an operation. It appears that she has been rotten for the last year, but you know she hates doctors and she has been taking all sorts of patent medicines. I dont quite know, whats the matter with her as she insists on making a secret of the whole thing and flies into a passion if you ask her questions. She has been looking simply awful and if I were you I think Id get off a Marseilles and come back as soon as you can. But dont let on that I told you to come as she pretends theres nothing much the matter with her and she doesnt want you to get here till shes back at home. Shes made the doctors promise that she shall be moved in a week. Best love.

Doris Kitty couldnt imagine her mother ill. She never remembered to have seen her other than active and resolute;

she had always been impatient of other peoples ailments. Then a steward came up to her with telegram.

Deeply regret to inform you that your mother died this morning.


(From The Painted Veil by W.S. Maugham) B. Read and translate the following passage into Russian. Comment upon the cause of Walter's death. Tell the story as if you were Walter's doctor. Use the idioms.

"Your husband's been taken ill. We want you to come at once."

"Walter? I shall be ready in two minutes. Is it cholera?" "I'm afraid so, I think you ought to come as quickly as you can. He was taken ill this afternoon, the afternoon of yesterday that is."

"Why wasn't I sent for at once?" "Your husband knew that you had never seen anyone with cholera. It's a terrible and revolting sight. He didn't want you to see it."

"Why am I allowed to come now?" "My dear, you must be very brave. You must be prepared for the worst."

"Is he dying?" "As far as I can judge collapse has set in."

"Is there no hope at all?" "I'm dreadfully sorry, I'm afraid that if we don't get there quickly we shan't find him alive. You see, he's been overworking;

he has no powers of resistance. Being a bacteriologist he's dying a martyr to science and to his duty."

(From The Painted Veil by W. S. Maugham) C. Read and translate the following passage into Russian. Compose a story about Al's visit to the doctor. Say what Al complained of and what advice the doctor gave Al. Prove that the doctor examined him thoroughly. Use the idioms.

Al thought Doc looked a little worried, so why not divert him, and give him something to do?

Al hadn't been feeling up to scratch, and since he was here in the office, why not?

He said, "Doc, I get a pain here in my side every now and then. Usually after I eat.

Would you have a quick look?" Doc's eyes twinkled. " Bout time you gave me some trade. Take your shirt off, Al, and sit there on the table. I'll operate without an anesthetic." Doc chuckled and went over to the basin and washed and dried his hands. When he came back he said, "Turn around toward the light, Al. Don't see as well as I did a hundred years ago."

Doc tapped and thumped and moved his hands expertly over Al's side, watching Al for signs of wincing.

"Go ahead," Doc said, "and tell me when I hurt."

When Doc found a tender spot he started the questions. When had Al first noticed the pain? Any nausea? Any dizziness? Drink much water? Sleep at night?

Finally Doc said, "Liver's out of whack." Then, "Come on in here a minute, Al. I've got this fancy equipment and may as well use it on you so I can send you a big bill." Al followed Doc into the dark room to the new fluoroscope.

"Uh-huh," Doc said after a few minutes, pursing his lips and nodding in the shadows.

When they went back Doc washed his hands again, shaking the water into the basin.

He yanked a paper towel off the roll, and carefully dried his hands. Without looking around he said, "I've finished, Al. Put on your shirt. It's a little chilly in here. Nothing wrong, Al he said, "except Margaret's cooking is too rich for you. May have to put you on a little diet. Take you off fats and oils for a while. Maybe by March you can get back on your regular feed."

(From The Pawn by W. Martin) D. Read and translate the following passage into Russian. Comment on Paul's pastime, his state of mind. Describe his illness. Was his position trying? Describe what the boy looked like. Which of the lost benefits of his childhood did Paul regret most?

Paul had never risen from his little bed. He lay there, listening to the noises in the street;

not caring much how the time went, but watching it and watching everything about him with observing eyes.

When the sunbeams struck into his room through the rustling blinds, and quivered on the opposite wall like golden water, he knew that evening was coming on, and that the sky was red and beautiful. AS the reflection died away, and a gloom went creeping up the wall, be watched it deepen, deepen, deepen, into night. Then he thought how the long streets were dotted with lamps, and how the peaceful stars were shining overhead.

As it grew later in the night, and footsteps in the street became so rare that he could hear them coming, count them as they paused, and lose them in the hollow distance, he would lie and watch the many-coloured ring about the candle, and wait patiently for day.

When day began to dawn again, he watched for the sun;

and when its cheerful light began to sparkle in the room, he pictured to himself the high church towers rising up into the morning sky, the town waking, starting into life once more, and the country bright with dew.

By little and little, he got tired of the bustle of the day, the noise of carriages, and people passing;

and would fall asleep.

(From Dombey and Son by Ch. Dickens) E. Read and translate the following passage into Russian. Say what might have happened to Paul if his mother hadn't followed her sister's advice. Was Paul's illness essential to the development of his character? How are Martha's bad qualities revealed to the reader?

Owing to his adenoids Paul looked and almost was an imbecile. Martha (his mother) disbelieved in doctors;

more particularly she disliked surgeons, perhaps because they were so expensive. She left Paul's adenoids unextirpated;

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