«МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ Российский научно-исследовательский институт экономики, политики и права в научно-технической ...»
Принципы формирования и возможности использования базы дан ных инновационно активных организаций Аннотация Создание информационно-аналитической системы проблемно-ори ентированного поиска научно-технических организаций, потенциально способных решать актуальные задачи в научно-технической сфере. Фор мирование открытой, регулярно обновляемой базы данных результатов НИОКР для использования организациями, находящимися в поиске но вых технологий и партнеров.
Ключевые слова: информационно-аналитическая система, научно технический потенциал, программный инструментарий, базы данных.
Тихонова С. А.
Организационно-экономический механизм реализации права на об разование детей с ограниченными возможностями здоровья Аннотация Статья посвящена проблеме совершенствования организационно экономических и правовых условий для образования детей-инвалидов и Аннотации / ключевые слова детей с ограниченными возможностями здоровья, соответствующих тре бованиям Конвенции ООН о правах инвалидов, которую Российская Фе дерация подписала 24 сентября 2008 г. и планирует в ближайшем буду щем ратифицировать. Проведен анализ преобразований, направленных на обеспечение на всех уровнях, согласно положениям данной Конвен ции, инклюзивного образования, предполагающего развитие, обучение и воспитание детей с ограниченными возможностями здоровья, совмест ное с детьми без таких ограничений. Изучен опыт становления систе мы инклюзивного образования в городе Москве. Выявлены проблемы в этой области и предложены возможные пути их решения.
Ключевые слова: Конвенция ООН о правах инвалидов, дети инвалиды, дети с ограниченными возможностями здоровья, организа ционно-экономический механизм, право на образование, инклюзивное (включенное) образование, инновационные процессы в образовании, опыт города Москвы.
Приложение Круглый стол «Регламентация последовательности действий госу дарственного заказчика при распоряжении правами Российской Феде рации на результаты интеллектуальной деятельности, в том числе в со ставе единых технологий», Москва, 2 марта 2011 г.
Аннотация Обсуждение проекта нормативного акта – административного ре гламента исполнения государственными заказчиками функций по рас поряжению правами от имени Российской Федерации на результаты интеллектуальной деятельности (РИД), права на которые принадлежат государству.
Ключевые слова: результаты интеллектуальной деятельности, еди ные технологии.
ABSTRACTS Borisov V. V.
Principles of selective financing of initiative scientific projects There are three basic mechanisms involved in financing of initiative research projects: provisional expenses for public research organizations, selective issuing research grants by public scientific foundations and selective financing of works for state needs.
Keywords: initiative research project, selective financing, government procurement, criteria of selection, legislation inadequacies.
Mirsky E. M., Yudin B. G.
Human measurement of scientifically-technological progress The basic social and economic function of a science – to provide quality of progress, that is, first, to open its new possibilities and prospects (research), and secondly, to keep a society from precipitate, sometimes dangerous, steps to use of its achievements (examination and the forecast). Last decade has shown that the traditional mechanisms regulating behavior of scientists at performance of both these problems, have appreciably lost the efficiency. In all developed countries that in texts of scientific publications numerous cases of plagiarism are found out began to cause special concern, fabrications of the data, manipulations the data, wrongful expansion of interpretation, unreasonable award of scientific degrees, substandard examination, etc. Scales and danger of such infringements have demanded diverse administrative influences from institutes of scientific community and state bodies. Thereupon researchers even more often come back to fundamental problems of internal and external life of the science, earlier pushed aside on far socially-humanitarian periphery.
Among them one of the central places is occupied with a research integrity problem to which consideration given article is devoted.
Keywords: research integrity, examination, management of researches, scientific community.
Abstracts Egerev S. V.
Standard questions of employment of foreign researchers at scientific research institutes and high schools of the Russian Federation Globalization in scientific and technical sphere assumes creation of favor able conditions for the international circulation of intellectual labor and opening by all countries of the markets of scientific work. The question of legislative maintenance of system of measures of original integration of the Russian science in a science world remains to one of most actual. This question is important also in connection with attempts of attraction of the Russian scientists-emigrants to joint projects. Thus, that cooperation with diaspora has special character, the basic problems and «bottlenecks» of legislative base weren’t showed yet to the full, till now they have latent character. In given article it is considered, set of the Russian standard documents, in a case when the scientific research institute or high school solve a problem of strengthening of a personnel component at the expense of the foreign colleague how works.
Keywords: the migratory policy, migratory standard base, the Russian scientific and technical diaspora, scientists-compatriots, science shots, a high school science.
Popov S. V., Sergeeva V. V.
The comparative analysis of priority directions of development of a science, technologies and technics of the Russian Federation on the basis of patent statistics Use of patent statistics and coding of priority directions on headings of the International patent classification has allowed to carry out the analysis:
– structure and dynamics of patenting of inventions in priority directions of development of a science, technologies and technics of the Russian Federation during 2000–2009 in Russia in comparison with world patenting on corresponding headings of the International patent classification during 2000–2009;
– activity of the Russian authors of foreign patents on headings of the International patent classification corresponding to priority directions of development of a science, technologies and technics of the Russian Federation, during 1993–2008.
Keywords: priority directions of development of a science, technologies and technics of the Russian Federation, the patent statistics, comparison of the Russian and world patenting in priority directions, the international patent classification, foreign patents with the Russian authorship, perspective directions of cooperation.
Semenov E. V., Borisov V. V., Gusev A. B., Izosimov V. Yu.
Development of a research infrastructure in Russia: problems and prospects Researches and workings out in the modern world never begin with zero level and always lean against any ready infrastructure, besides rather various.
Abstracts In given article there is a speech about a research infrastructure as which usually understand the instrument base of scientific researches including the difficult high-precision serially made scientific equipment, and also unique scientific installations of local and world value.
Keywords: a research infrastructure, instrument base of scientific researches, the scientific equipment, unique scientific installations.
Motroshilova N. V.
The curve mirrors reflected in each other: substandard segments of scientometrics As any professional community, scientists are interested in unbiassed, whenever possible, to an exact estimation of efficiency of their activity. Last decades enough wide circulation have received quantitative scientometric methods on which basis attempts to do qualitative conclusions about achievements of separate scientists, scientific personnel and the whole countries are undertaken. There are unceasing disputes about the results which are based on quantitative calculations. We suggest readers to familiarize with one more interested opinion and to join in discussion.
Keywords: evaluation of efficiency of scientific activity, scientometrics, bibliometric analysis.
Gusev A. B., Shiryaev A. A., Kornilov А. М.
Use of quantitative methods of an estimation of qualification of researchers (on an example of government programs and projects of development of cooperation with scientists-compatriots) The key factor of manufacture in the conditions of innovative development is the intellectual resource. And as the dominant role in its accumulation is played by scientists an estimation of their professional qualities – one of «eternal» scientometric problems – gets additional, especially applied, including commercial value. One of the basic methods of definition of level of competence of the concrete scientist still have reviewing – the expert judgement of its colleagues, recognized experts in corresponding area of scientific knowledge. However, recently in the special literature the opinion that an expert estimation of quality of scientific works basically inefficient as with probability of an order of 50 % it is defined by interests of the expert is even more often expressed. In connection with existing lacks of traditional examination of the competence of the researcher the quantitative estimation becomes the alternative approach. In the present article the complex technique of an estimation of qualification of the invited researchers, based both on available official approaches, and taking into account the turned out practice in the field is considered.
Keywords: examination in a science, the invited researchers, a quantitative estimation of results of researches.
Abstracts Izosimov V. Yu., Napreenko V. G.
Ways of a complex evaluatin of objects of a scientific and innovative infrastructure with a view of the state support Formation of innovative economy assumes presence of an adequate scientific and innovative infrastructure, which creation and development are impossible today without state participation. Working out of ways to an activity evaluation of objects of a scientific and innovative infrastructure is necessary with a view of maintenance of efficient state support. Given article offers the methodical approach to the decision of this problem.
Keywords: innovative infrastructure, objects of an infrastructure, efficiency, evaluation, initial indicators of infrastructural objects.
Vashenko V. P.
Once again about an essence of innovations This article examines the essence of recent (2010 and 2011) regulatory and legislative projects on innovation development, as well as examples of international practice. This analysis shows that the underlying basis for these documents as well as for innovation policies and practices based on these documents is not innovation in its essence, but the products of scientific and technical activities, the so-called innovation resources. As a result, the innovation policy is focused not on the subjects of economic processes and conditions that motivate the need for innovation, but on the science. The article shows these documents’ inconsistency with the main methodological document of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) on innovations “Oslo Manual: Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data” (“Oslo Manual”) as well as their inconsistency with the foreign innovative policy and practice. Both “Oslo Manual” and above-mentioned documents are referenced in the article. The analysis reveals a necessary condition for innovative development of Russian economy.
The article is, in some way, a continuation and a further development of the author’s article .
Keywords: innovation, innovational resource, innovational process, innovation policy, innovation practice, innovational business, science, entrepreneurship, market, profit, innovational rent, nature rent.
Barmakov B. P.
Organizational bases of management of scientific and technical sphere (construction of ideal model) In the article are considered questions of integration of elements and subjects of national innovative system and creation of organizational conditions for advancement of scientific and technical workings out on the commercial market especially for large scientific and technical programs and projects.
Keywords: national innovative system, management of scientific and technical sphere, commercialization of innovations.
Abstracts Gribovsky A. V., Sudarikov A. L.
Priority directions of state-private partnership in scientific and technical and innovative spheres (experience of foreign countries) In the article the analysis of experience of industrially developed countries in the field of formation of state-private partnership in innovative sphere is given. Following basic directions in this area are allocated: cooperation stimulation between scientific and industrial economy sectors;
support hi-tech start-up and «spin-off» companies;
assistance to a transfer of technologies, formation of innovative clusters. The conclusion about increase in quantity and variety of similar programs, increase of their role in the decision of problems of increase of innovative activity both state, and private sectors becomes.
Keywords: state-private partnership, a transfer of technologies, innovative clusters.
Borisenko A. I.
The role of innovation sector in the economic development of Ireland in the 1990’s – early 2000’s The article examines the process of economic development of the Republic of Ireland during its rapid growth in 1990’s – early 2000’s in the context of transformations related to the national innovation system. The work aims to identify the extent to which Irish economic boom was due to the intensification of innovation activities in the country.
Key words: Economy of Ireland, the national innovation system, innovation, investment climate, R&D, the global economic crisis.
Borisov V. V., Kunyavsky M. V.
Origin and spreading of Free Software Development of information technologies called to a new balance between the copyright legislation and concern of user’s community in application of information and communication technologies. One approach to solve this problem is based on development and wide-spread availability of the Free Software. It is well applied also to the situation in Russia, though with an account of some specific points.
Kew words: information technologies, copyright, free software, open source code.
Grum-Grjimailo Y. V.
Economic problems of creation of an information society in Russia In article the basic tendencies of formation of economy of an information society in Russia are considered. The analysis of dynamics of development of social, investment and innovative components, and also an industrial component according to official statistical supervision for 2000–2008 is carried out. The presented data shows that Russia is at a stage of creation Abstracts of bases of economy of an information society, but national business shows interest only to highly remunerative segments. The thesis about possible self sufficiency of economy of an information society at the expense of existence of highly remunerative segments and redistribution of a part of profit in low income segments is formulated. In low income segments the basic loading lies down on budgetary financing, and insufficient presence of a state sector at highly remunerative segments doesn’t give possibility of indemnification of budgetary expenses at their expense. Insufficiency of innovative activity and presence of a dangerous tendency on replacement of a domestic production by import in the market of information technics that leads to reduction of national industrial base is shown.
Keywords: an information society, economy of an information society.
Gusev A. B.
Estimation of influence of an inter-regional economic inequality on macroeconomic growth For today the high economic inequality of subjects of the Russian Federation becomes the independent factor constraining development of manufacture both at level of federal districts, and at macrolevel. Moreover, in long-term aspect rates of economic growth are exposed to negative influence also. By expert estimations, annual economic losses from high economic differentiation of subjects of the Russian Federation make to 3 % of gross national product.
Accepting that fact that the economic inequality of regions is inevitable, it is possible to assume existence of some maximum (optimum) level of this inequality which excess will negatively be reflected in economic growth.
The present article also is devoted check of the given hypothesis and revealing of an optimum level of spatial economic differentiation.
Keywords: an economic inequality of subjects of the Russian Federation, spatial economic differentiation.
Barmakov B. P., Veretennikov N. Yu.
Principles of formation and possibility of use of a database of innovatively active organizations Creation of information-analytical system of problem-oriented search of the scientific and technical organizations, potentially capable to solve actual problems in scientific and technical sphere. Formation of the open, regularly updated database of results of research and development for use by the organizations which are in search of new technologies and partners.
Keywords: information-analytical system, scientific and technical potential, program toolkit, databases.
Abstracts Tikhonova S.А.
The organizational-economic mechanism of realization of the right to formation of children with the limited possibilities of health Article is devoted a problem of perfection of organizational-economic and legal conditions for formation of children-invalids and children with the limited possibilities of the health, corresponding to requirements of the Convention of the United Nations about the rights of invalids which the Russian Federation has signed on September, 24th, 2008 and plans to ratify in the near future. The analysis of the transformations directed on maintenance at all levels, according to positions of the given Convention, of inclusive formation assuming development, training and education of children with the limited possibilities of health, joint with children without such restrictions is carried out. Experience of formation of system of inclusive formations in the city of Moscow is studied. Problems in this area are revealed and possible ways of their decision are offered.
Keywords: the Convention of the United Nations on the rights of invalids, children-invalids, children with the limited possibilities of health, the organizational-economic mechanism, the right to formation, inclusive formation, innovative processes in formation, experience of a city of Moscow.
A round table «The regulation of sequence of actions of the state customer at the order the rights of the Russian Federation to results of intellectual activity, including as a part of uniform technologies», Moscow, on March, 2nd, Discussion of the project of the statutory act – administrative regulations of execution by the state customers of functions under the order the rights on behalf of the Russian Federation on results of intellectual activity the rights on which belong to the state.
Keywords: results of intellectual activity, uniform technologies.