, , ,

<<


 >>  ()
Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 5 | 6 || 8 |

.. , .. , .. ...

-- [ 7 ] --

ere u re u y rd Yes. W liketw steak w p ta e a dcauliflow ed o s ith o to s n er.

W uldyo like too er so ew o u rd m ine?

Yes. Ab ttleofFrenchreda dso em eral w r.

o n m in ate Fizzy o still m eral w r in ater?

Still, please.

3 . :

1. W canyo h yo r m here u ave u eals?

2. Canyo h yo r m a m n h u ave u eals t id ig t?

3. W d th usuallyhaved n inBritain?

hen o ey in er 4. W at areth lu chh u th h e n o rs ere?

5. W end m yfam haveatrad n lunch?

h o an ilies itio al 4 :

. 1 ;

. 2 ;

. 3 .

. IV. (T h e N o u n ) - , : ? (Who isthis?) ? (What isthis?) (John Black - , Great Britain - (a table ) snow - , freedom - (a book , ). - ) (joy - (a cat - );

) ( - ). (a house - houses - ) (bread - , advice - , , weather - , furniture - .).

.

, .

( - , ) one " , - , ".

I am a student. ( ).

This i an apple. - ( - ).

s .

, This i a book. There are books.

s , () .

the that.

, , , . , .

:

1 . .

Where i the pen? - ? ( ).

s 2 , . .

What i the longest river in the world? He was the first to come.

s 3 ( , ,. , , ..).

The Indian ocean, the Baltic sea, the North, the Thames, the Alps.

4. , .

What i the highest mountain in the world?

s 5 in the morning,. , : in the evening, in the af ternoon, e c t.

. :

1. - .

Crim is a probemin m st big cities. e o , .

Life has changeda lot inthelast tw years. , .

o 2. : England, Russia, London, Mr. Johnson, Tuscany. , , . TheJohnsons - .

3 , . alw g th. ays o e Southin sum er. English classes are o M m n onday.

-s -es .

-s -es ab - b s ag ag a glass - glasses acat - cats afox- fo xes arose- roses aw - w atch atches a bush- bushes - , , -es, - -i. , a dictionary- dictionaries.

: a b - boys, a day - days ( - ). oy -f, -fe, , -f -v -es.

ahalf- halves a w - w lves olf o aw - w ife ives H : roof- roofs, safe- safes.

o , . . . .

m an m en w an om wmo en fo t o feet to th o teeth go o se ge e se m use o m ice child children sh eep sheep deer deer datum data phenom enon p m heno ena : . , .

The student asked the teacher.- .

The teacher asked the student.- .

' . s , the student's room - Ann's book - the students' room - g r s books - il' , to the student - by the student - about the student - ..

( ) ( : ;

), . , . what/which/what kind/whose? ( . / / ?) ( - ):

ocean floor - ocean current - surface current velocity - air mass - air mass density temperature drop - water drop temperature - - , , . work ( to work ( ), ) wet ( - to wet ( ) ). - - , , , - , . , .. . The result ofthem w 1:0to atch as England. The result - : , .

Heavy rains result in floods. Result - : .

- ( , , ). : , , - , , , .

(The Adjective) - , .

fine weather- English literature- (large- sm , all - heavy - brave - ) (w o en- , , o d central - ..

, ) very- .

: .

, 1. (.. ) -, - -est.

d - eep deeper- (th d est- e) eep hard- harder - (th hardest - e) big- bigger- (th b g - e) ig est , -, -er, -o, -1, w ._ _ polite- politer - (th politest- e) sunny- sunnier - (the) sunniest - shallow- shallow - (th shallow - er e) est sim - ple sim - pler (th sim - e) plest 2. (. . ) m - less - , - ore m st- , least - .

o (th m interesting e) ost m interesting ore interesting (th least interesting e) less interesting 3 .

. (th best- e) better - g o - o d (th w - e) orst w - orse bad- (th m - e) ost m m - uch, any m - ore (th least - e) little- less - , (th farthest - e) farther - far - (th furthest - e) further - as... as- ... notso... as- ,.. than- m uch/far/alot + - ...

the + ..., the + ..., is as tall as his brother. ( ), .

is n t sobrave as his brother. .

o , The w inds in St. Petersburg are stronger than in M oscow . , .

So eclouds formm higher in thesky thanth others. m uch e , .

The farther north you g, the colder the clim b o ate ecom es. , .

(The Numeral) - ( , ( ), ).

21 - zero o u n u h 1- o e 2- tw, 3- th e 4- fo r, 5- five, 6- six,, [o ], o g t, n, o re, u - seven 8- e h 9- n e,, ig t, in 1 - te, 1 - eleven 1 - tw 1 - th 0 n1, 2 elve, 3 irteen 1 - fo rteen 1 - fifteen 1,4 u,5, sixteen 1 - se teen 1 - eig teen 1 - n eteen 2 - tw ty, 3 - th 4, 7 ven, 8 h, 9 in, 0 en 0 irty, fo 5 - fifty, 6 - sixty, 70- seven 8 - eig ty, 9 - n ety, rty, 0 0 ty, 0 h 0 in 1 0- a n h n red 200- tw h n re, 3 0- th eh n red...

0 /o e u d, o ud d 0 re u d, 1 0 - a n th u d 8,000 - e h th u d 200,000 - tw h n re th u,0 0 /o e o san ;

ig t o san ;

o ud d o san ;

...

d 1,000,000- a n m /o e illion;

6,000,000- sixmillion;

1 1- o eh n reda dtw tyo e(b o 2 n u d n en n o ks);

7,006- seventh u n a dsix.

o sa d n f r t - second - third - , , , is -th.

fourth - fifth - sixth - seventh - , eighth , , , - , ninth - , tenth - .

- - -eth.

i twenty - twentieth- fort - fortieth - 1 - ahalf, 13- a/o eth, 3 - th eq arte 2 - tw n th /2 / n ird /4 re u rs, /9 o in s, 0.25 - ze /n u h p in tw five, 2.456- tw p in fo r five six, 7.089 - seven ro o g t o t o oot u p in o u eig tn e, 0.7- p in seven o t [o ] h in ot.

(The Pronoun) , , , .

we - , who - , that - , some - .

, .

Jane studies the Russian language. She l kes i. - i t .

. She has some books in Russian. - .

1- - , you- , , him- , , he- ( ) her - , sh - () e it - , , it - , , { ) us - , w - e you- , , they- them- , - m - ine your , his - his - hers - her - its - , its - , ours- yours - , our - their - theirs - :

it , :

w d o /Iake=it (= / ).

in /d g / you , ( , ).

, You are astudent. ( - .

) You are students. - .

this/these;

th o at/th se this () that () , these () th se (). : o , these " . ".

These elem are calledm ents etals. - .

These are alike in.... - , ....

that/th se o - . , ( o f) th o at/th se.

The clim of Great Britain is m like that of theBaltic republics. - ate uch .

that " / / ", , .

Copernicus proved that the Earth goes round the Sun. - , .

it i t .

1 It , . - . , i t " / ".

/ This i a new map.I i very large. - . .

s ts 2 It . i:

. t (It is important to know these facts. - - );

(It is - k m to the port. - 5. I i 5 o'clock now. - 5 t s .);

( It is cold. - It is getting .

dark. - .).

(The Adverb) , , . "? ? ?" .

speaks loudly. - is never late. . . I do not know where you live. - , She is . .

very good friend. - - .

.

1 well - badly - , quickly - . : , .

'.

2 yesterday - today - tomorrow - ,. : , , always - never - , l , ately - then - .

, 3 . : above - , below - outside - , , , inside - , here - , there - .

4 _ very - , much - , little- , too. _ : nearly - .

, ( ) : , , , .

1 early.

. faster - (the) fastest - fast - ( he) soonest - sooner - soon - t earlier - (the) earliest- early - 2 , - 1.

. ( he) most clearlv - clearly - more clearlv - t l s clearly - ( he) least clearlv - es t 3 well - , badly - , much - , little- , :

. .

far- better - (the) best - well - (the) worst - worse - badly - (the) most - much - more - (t least- l s - ltl - ite he) es farther - (the) farthest - far - (the) furthest - further - (The Verb) - , . , , . (Finite Forms) (Non-finite Forms).

: , , , , , . , , W e live in Russia. . .

(Infinitive), (Gerund), (P r i i l ) a t c p e. . , , .

.

IV II I III II I Participle I (-ing ) Infinitive Participle II Past Indefinite writing to write wrote written developing developed developed to develop , . , . . to.

II III ( ( ).

) III IV II I asked* asked* asking to ask written writing wrote to write * (Past Indefinite) II -ed (-d) I . -ing , .

.

Present Indefinite - ( , Past ) Future Present to be + -ing Continuous - Past Future to have + II Present Perfect - , Past , Future Perfect Continuous Present to have been + -ing , Past Future 22 .

usually, so etim everyd y, m es, a I, w e o n se o fte, ld m P t yo, thu ey ask resen h sh it e, e, ask s +de ask d e yesterd.

ay In efin d ite P II . w te. . ro last year, 3years a o g ast to o w m rro Fu re I, w e w ask ill tu n year, in3years ext am askin g n w a p se t o, t re n P t is resen are yesterd fro 5till ay m Cn uu P o tin o s ast w as askin g w ere to o wfro 5till m rro m Fu re w b ill e askin g tu just, ever, n yet, alread to ever, y, have aesk d d th year fo sin ay, is r, ce P t h (h sh it) resen as e, e, b 3o y 'clockyesterd ay Perfect h ad ask ed Past b 3o y 'clockto o wm rro Fu re w h ill ave ask d e tu fo since r, haveb een askin g P t h (h sh it) resen as e, e, Perfect fo since r, Cn uu P o tin o s ast hbad een askin g for Fu re w h b ill ave een askin g tu The Indefinite Forms The Present Indefinite (Simple) Tense - , , . W e live in St. Petersburg. The Earth rotates round i s t a i. I leave home at 8 every day.

xs Present Indefinite ( to 3- . - ( e ) ) , ., s - s.

I d ntoo play I play D I play?

o H e HLe She J plays She d e n t p o s o lay D es h (sh it) play?

o e e, it it w e w e yo u play yo d n t p u oo lay D w (yo, th play?

o e u ey) th y e th y e d n t =d n o o o 't d es n t =d e 't o o o sn to be to have Present Indefinite tobe . . ..

1 Ia m wa e re 2 youa re yo a u re h is e th a ey re sh is e it is tohave 1 Ih ave whe ave 2 yo h u ave yo h u ave h hs ea th h v ey a e sh h s ea it h s a The Past Indefinite (Simple) Tense , ;

;

.

Past Indefinite -ed Past Indefinite II . , ( ).

. W e went to the cinema yesterday. He arrived in London la tyear.

s She came up to the window and opened i.t o ed I d n t w rk (w id o w rk o I w rk o rite) D I id (w te ro ) (write)?

sh, , e w yo, th y e, u e d n t =d n id o id 't The Future Indefinite (Simple) Tense (Future Indefinite) :

1 - . The Mayor will open a new stadium to ) morrow. - .

2 - , ) . Il go to the theatre with you. - .

'l 3 . I l do the shopping. - ) 'l .

Shall * (w I (w g ?

ill) e) o I, we I, we H sh it, w n t g W h (sh it, yo, th y) g ?

ill o o ill e e, ueo e, e, H sh, it, w g e, e ill o yo, th y ue yo, th y ue * shall " ", . sh n t =sh n all o a 't w n t =w n ill o o 't .

will , , , .

I will come ( ' lcome) to see you tomorrow. - .

Il 1 Present Continuous , .

, :

tonight - ;

next week - ;

in a day or two - - .

What are you doing tonight? - ?

2 to be going + ,. .

i going to take part in the competition. - s .

T h e C o n tin u o u s F o r m s The Present Continuous Tense (Present Continuous) , ;

, ;

, .

i watching T V now. .

s The Earth i moving. .

s They are spending next winter in Spain. .

Continuous. (to see, to hear), (to know, to believe, to remember, to understand);

( o want, to wish, , t to l k,to love, to d s i e to hate).

ie ilk, (Present Continuous) to be Present Indefinite -ing .

I a w rkin mo g I a n t w rkin mo o g AmI w rkin ?

og H sh it is w rkin e, e, og H sh it is n tw rkin e, e, oo g Is h (sh it) w rkin ?

e e, og W yo, th y aren t e, u e o W yo, th y a e, u e re Are w (yo, th y) w rk eue o w rkin og w rkin og ing?

I a =I'm m h is =h 's e e w are=w 're e e is n t =isn o 't a n t =a n re o re 't The Past Continuous Tense (Past Continuous) , , , , . . , .

I was writing a letter to my friend.. at 5 o'clock yesterday.

.

..from 5 to 6 on Sunday.

.

22..when my brother came.

.

..while my mother was cooking dinner.

.

(Past Continuous) to be Past Indefinite -ing .

I, he, she, it was not writing Was I (he, she, it) writing?

I, he, she, it was writing We, you, they were not writing Were we (you, they) writing?

We, you, they were writing w n t =w sn as o a 't w n t =w re 't ere o e n The Future Continuous Tense (Future Continuous) . ,. .

Future Continuous .

will be writing a l t e to his friend.. at 5 o'clock tomorrow.

etr.

..from 5 to 6 on Sunday.

.

..when I come.

.

... 5 .

... 5 6 .

... .

isiting him tomorrow. - .

I will ( h l ) be v sal (Future Continuous) to be Future Indefinite -ing .

Shall (will) I (we) be writing?

I (we) I (we) Will he (she, it, we, you, they) He, she, it, will not be writing He, she, it, will be writing be writing?

we, you, they we, you, they .

shall " ".

. I shall =I'll T h e P e rfe c t F o r m s The Present Perfect Tense 1 . . , , . She has read this book. - . ( .) Present Perfect just already - yet - lately - of late - , , , , , recently - .

The mail has just come. - .

has seen many films lately. .

2 , . , , , (today - this week - this month - , , , this century - .).

I have written a le t r t i morning. - .

te hs 3 . , .

I have known him a lmy l f. .

l ie I have known him for 2 years. - 2 .

has not seen his parents since January. - .

4. Present Perfect always - often , , seldom - , ever - - , never - .

She has never been to London. - _ .

Have you ever been to Moscow? - - ?

Present Perfect to have Present Indefinite Participle II ( II) .

I, we, h se n ave e I, we, h n t se n H I (w yo, th seen ave o e ave e, u ey) ?

yo, th y ue yo, th y ue H sh it h se n e, e, as e H sh it h n t se n H h (sh it) seen e, e, as o e as e e, ?

I h =I've ave h =H as e's I haven t=I h 't o aven H h n t =H h sn e as o e a 't T h e P a s t P e rfe c t T e n se Past Perfect , .

had finished his work..when I came.

.

.. by 3 o'clock yesterday.

.

..before she arrived home.

.

( ... .

) ... 3 .

- ... , .

They went home after they had finished their work. - , .

Past Perfect to have Past Indefinite P ar ticipleII ( II) .

I h n tw rked ad o o H I w rk...?

ad o ed I h dw rked ao I h =I'd ad I h dn t=I h d 't ao an The Future Perfect Tense.

.

Future Perfect , .

willhave finished his work.. when I come.

.

..by 3 o'clock tomorrow.

.

.. by the time you come back.

.

... .

, ... 3 .

- ... .

, Future Perfect to have Future Indefinite Participle II ( II) .

Shall (w I (w h ill) e) ave I, we whill ave I, we w nt ill o H sh it, h w rk e, e, ave o ed w rked o?

H sh it w rk d e, e, oe yo, th y ue W h (sh it, yo, th y) ill e e, ue yo, th y ue h w rked ave o ?

(Active Voice) , , .

often asks questions. - _ .

(Passive Voice) , , .

i often asked questions. - .

s to be Participle II ( II) .

Pt resen Past Fu re tu I am asked I (he, she) was asked I (we) will be asked Indefi he (she) is asked he (she, we (you, they) are asked nite we (you, they) were asked you, they) I am being asked I (he, she) was being asked Con he (she) is being asked we (you, they) are being asked tinuous we (you, they) were being asked I (we, you, have been asked I (he, she, had been asked I (we will have Perfect they) we, you, he, she, been asked he (she) has been asked they) you, they) Indefinite Passive ( o be + Participle ) t 1 The newspapers are delivered every morning. (Present Indefinite Passive).

.

- .

2 This book was bought a month ago. (Past Indefinite Passive) - . .

3 The le t r will be mailed tomorrow. (Future Indefinite Passive). - . te .

Continuous Passive (to be + being + Participle I ) I 1 The house i being repaired.(Present Continuous Passive) . s .

2. When John was il he was being taught at home. (Past Continuous l Passive). - .

, Perfect Passive ( o have + been + Participle I ) t I 1 This l t e has been brought by the secretary. (Present Perfect Passive).. etr ( ) . 2 decided to become a writer only when his f r t story had been pub. is lished. (Past Perfect Passive) - , ^ 3 By the 1s of July you will have passed the l s exam. (Future Perfect Pas. t at s v ) - .

ie.

:

;

;

.

The house i b i t - s ul. ) , ) , .

) . :

hear of- laugh at - look after - ( - ) look at - rely on send for - speak of (about) - pay attention to - take care of- The book i much spoken about.- .

s can't be relied on. - .

:

to li t nto - - , - se to look for - - to provide for - - , - to explain to - - was listened to with great attention. - .

, , , , , , .

translate ( the text I used a dictionary. - ) , .

( is not allowed here. - ) ( ) Smoking .

The stars shining ( I in the dark sky seem blue. - ) , , .

(the Infinitive) - , . ( I) . to: to help - , to read - . to :

1 shall, will: will write to his parents tomorrow. - . .

2 ( ought): She can ski and skate.. .

3 , feel, see, hear, watch .: W e. saw him enter.- , .

4. let ( have, make (): What makes you ), think so? - ? Let me take this book, please. - .

, 5) had better ( would rather ( ): You had ), better go now. - / . I must see you at once. .

.

Active Passive In efin d ite tow rite tob w e ritten Cn uu o tin o s tob w g e ritin Perfect tohavew nritte tohaveb w n een ritte Perfect C n u u o tin o s tohaveb w g een ritin , , , - . I liketo help.- . I like , to be helped.- , .

Indefinite Active , Continuous Active . She likes to cook her meals. She must be . .

s i lcooking. , , .

tl , - ( ).

, , - I am glad to study at the University. - . , . I am glad to have studied at the University. - , .

:

1 . walk in the garden was very pleasant. - . read a lot is to know much. - . - .

2 . read the book I went to the reading-hall.. , .

3 . . :

) .

i going to take part in the conference to be held in Moscow. - s , .

I have nothing to say.- ) . .

) , . She was the firstto come. - .

4 was glad to have been given a new job. - . . , I decided to read this book. - . .

5. ( ). You mav come in. - W e ought to leave early in the morning. - . .


M y wish i to read much. - - .

s I. The Complex Object (Objective - with - the - Infinitive Construction) .

. wants the book to be returned tomorrow. - , .

. The Complex Subject (The Nominative - with - the - Infinitive Construction).

. .

She i expected to come any minute. - , s .

The water seems to be boiling. - , .

The delegation i reported to have l f London. - , s et .

i likely to know her address. - , .

, s He i sure to be asked about i.- , , .

s t She i said to be very beautiful. , .

s :

1 - to see, to hear, to. , notice . , - to think, to consider, to expect . ( );

to say, to report, to ask, to order, to announce ( ).

2 to be likely ( to be unlikely ( . ), ), to be certain/to be sure ( / ).

3 to seem/to appear ( . / to prove/to turn out ( ), ), to happen ( ).

for The For - to - Infinitive Construction for. .

I ' easy for me to answer this question. - ts .

I will be very pleasant for us to spend a week in England. - t .

There was nothing else forme to say.- .

I i for you to decide. - .

ts Here are some books for you to read.- ( ).

I I (Participle I) - , , . . active passive In efin d ite asking b gask d ein e Perfect havin ask d h gb a e ge avin een sk d Participle I Indefinite , - While translating difficult texts we use a dictionary - . , .

Participle I Perfect , , - Having read the book I returned i to the library. . t , .

I I (Participle I) :

1 . Participle I Indefi. n t, ie A smiling girl. - A swimming man. - . . The men building our house with me are my friends. - , . , - . The house being built in our street i a new building of school. - - , s .

2 . Participle I Indefinite Active . . Translating the article he consulted the dictionary.- , .

when while. ( , , ) " ", " ". While translating the article the student consulted the dictionary. - , ( , ).

Participle I Indefinite Passive . Being built of wood, the bridge could not carry heavy loads. , .

Participle I Perfect Active .

Having built a house he began building a greenhouse. - , .

Participle I Indefinite Passive ( , ) . Having been built of concrete, the house was cold .

in winter. - , .

3. Participle I Indefinite Active . They are plaving chess. - . .

II II (Participle II) - (III ), . , .

II Past Indefinite, , -ed to ask asked, to help - helped.

I, II , . , . , 23 II, - . The book discussed yesterday was interesting. - , . The books discussed at the lessons are always interesting.

, - , , .

II II :

. Lost time is never found again. - ) ( - A written letter lay on the table. ).

. They are reconstructing the house built in the 18t century. - 18 .

, h . II ) i, unless, when. f , , If built of the local stone, the road will serve for .

years. - ( ) , .

.

I saw her crossing the street.

.

- . " , I" - the Objective - with - the - Participle I Construction - , , , , . I - Participle I Indefinite Active.

, . to see, to hear, to watch, to feel . They watched him entering the .


house. - I saw John passing our , .

house. - , .

" II" - the Objective - with the - Participle II I , II , , , . . :

1 . to see, to hear, to feel, to watch .

2 to want, to wish .;

. , 3 to have, to get.

. W e heard his name mentioned.- , .

I w thew d n - .

ant ork o e. , I havem p o taken. - v h to .

.

, (th N inative A , e om bsolute Participial Construction) Participle I, Participle II.

1 I. . I , , - . ( - ) I. , , ( ). . . .

The w eather permitting, w shall g tothecountry. - , e o , ( ).

It b g very cold, w could not g for a w - , ein e o alk. , ( ) The sunhavingrisen, w continued our w - , e ay. , , ( ).

The article having b translated, the stud sh ed it to the teacher. een ent ow ( ) , , ( ).

2 II. . : , , II. .

His w finished, he w h m - , ork ent o e. .

(The Gerund) . , . , , . , , , .

23 -ing.

translate - translat n, to read - reading.

ig active passive In efin d ite wgritin b gw n ein ritte havin w n g ritte Perfect h gb w avin een ritten Participle I Perfect Participle. , . Indefinite Gerund , , , - .

likes invitingfriends tohis place. .

likes being invited to his friends. - , .

(Perfect Gerund) , , - .

is proud of having invited this m to his place. - an , .

w proudofhavingb invitedtotheparty. - as een , .

:

1 . Sm. oking is not allow here. - ( ed ) .

2 . There are different w of obtaining this substance.. ays .

! 3 . His hob y is driving a car. - . b ( ().

) 4 The car need repairing. - . . s . ( ).

.

5 They sp about their travelling. - . . oke (, ).

. :

6 . rules w. ithout exam is of little use. - ples ( ) .

^ I like reading. ( ).

Think beforeansw ering. - .;

^ '1 1 d in that you'll save a lot of tim - , og e. .

jj I amtired ofw aiting. - ( ).

The floor of the room needs painting,- ( ).

Everybody laughed on hearing his answer. - , ( .

) Thank you for coming.- , .

i proud of having won in the tournament. - , s .

She i sorry for being late.- , .

s ran without stopping.- , .

Before going to bed, she locked the door. - , .

, .

, - , , I must come and see my parents next Sunday. - .

. can speak three languages. - .

, -ed, -ing, -, -es 3 s - Present Indefinite, .. . . to ( ought t ) o.

can/could - : , could - . :

1 . .

" ", " She can speak English but she ".

can't write i at a l - ( ) - , t l.

.

2 ( . ). Can we go home? - ? Yes, you can go.- , .

3 . , ( ). You can't speak at the lessons. - .

4 ( Can (could). ).

you give me your dictionary? - ?

could .

to be able to to be able + to ( 1 . ) isable to help you. - . was able . to help you. - He will be able to help you. - . .

may/might may - : , might - may . :

1 . You may. go. - May I help you? - .

. 2 . You may not come here.. H .

e 3 . , Itmay rain today. - . .

might . might come. - , .

, to be allowed to to be permitted to to be allowed to be permitted + to may . I am al lowed to use this device. - ( ) . will be allowed to use this device. - .

must must :

1 . , . I must go.- .

2 You mustn't. .

do i.- .

t 3 - . , . must have read this book. - , .

, 4 , You must come. .

and see my new f a.- .

lt to have to to have to to . " ". It was very dark and we , had to stay at home. - . I don't , have to stay here. .

tob +Infinitive e to b e . " , " . I w tom her at 3 o'clock. - 3 They are. as eet .

tob this w at once. - .

egin ork shall, should shall , , . , shall g t his m ney. - The child shall b punishedfor it.

e o . e - .

shall .

Shall w begin? - ?

e should You shouldse adoctor. .

, . e (M o ) - o d , .

;

(th In e dicativeM ood).

, , , - (th SubjunctiveM e ood).

, , , , (th Im e perativeM ). ood (The SubjunctiveM ) ood " " , , : " ( , , )".

. should w ould (Indefinite Infinitive Perfect Infinitive). d e m andedthat the car shouldb repaired. - e , w co e. - w have co e then. . ould m . ould m . . to b e b w e ere , , . If I were ...

Past Indefi n t. I you came e rlier, you should speak to him. - , ie f a .

( , I ) ( II III ).

I , , , , . . If the weather i nice, we go for a walk. - .

, s If the weather was nice, we went for a walk. - , . the weather isnice, we'l go for a walk. - l .

, II , , . should/would + Indefinite Infinitive t, - o , Past Indefinite were to be. If he were free, he would do i.- , t If we paid more attention to grammar, we should know the language .

better. - , .

, , , .

should/would + Perfect Infinitive, , Past Perfect. I should not have been late yesterday, i my watch had been right.- , f .

i - ;

in case - , ;

suppose (t a ) - ;

on , f ht condition (that) - , ;



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 5 | 6 || 8 |
 
 >>  ()





 
<<     |    
2013 www.libed.ru - -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .