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᠖15%Al 5.12 Al () 3, , Ni30%CrAlMoO3 5.2.2 . NiAl. ,NiAl, 5.11.   . , .   ( 5.12) , : HV=480+1021+602+51272126022;

(5.9) I=1,00+0,271+0,1120,06120,07120,0522.(5.10) 5.13. , NiAl, 15 % 10(.5.13,) (.5.13,). 5.11 NiAl , Al, % 15 8 10 4 (I) 25 12 5 4 12 1 =122/3 1 =222/3 HV. HV. 0 1 2 1 2 1(10) +1 1 1 +1 +1/3 +1/3 210 186 0,45 0, 2(11) +1 1 +1 1 +1/3 +1/3 320 306 0,80 0, 3(12) +1 +1 +1 +1 +1/3 +1/3 520 510 1,20 1, 4(13) +1 +1 1 1 +1/3 +1/3 390 390 1,10 1, 5(14) +1 +1 0 0 +1/3 2/3 500 510 1,20 1, 6(15) +1 1 0 0 +1/3 2/3 280 306 0,65 0, 7(16) +1 0 +1 0 2/3 +1/3 490 480 1,05 1, 8(17) +1 0 1 0 2/3 +1/3 370 360 0,85 0, 9(18) +1 0 0 0 2/3 2/3 460 480 1,00 1, 5.12 b0 b0 b0 b0 b1 b2 b12 b11 b22 HV 392 480 102 60 5 72 60 11 42 I 0,92 1,00 0,27 0,11 0,06 0,07 0,05 0,019 0, 5.

12 2 2 bi bij bii Sy S f1 f2 F0,05 F0, HV 14 17 23 439 727 9 4 1,65 3,6 I 0,023 0,028 0,040 0,00128 0,00082 9 3 0,64 8,9 ) ) I HV % % Al Al 5.13 () () NiAlAl蠠 NiAlMoO3. NiAlMoO3 5.13.   (VI), .   ( 5.14) , : HV=601+1151+552181275128222;

(5.11) I=0,99+0,231+0,1820,1312+0,12120,0922. (5.12) 5.14. , , 15 % 2 % (. 5.14, ) (.5.14,). 5.13 NiAl3 Al, 3, % % 15 2 10 2 (I) 25 4 5 0 12 1 =122/3 1 =222/3 HV. HV. 0 1 2 1 2 1(10) +1 1 1 +1 +1/3 +1/3 270 256 0,50 0, 2(11) +1 1 +1 1 +1/3 +1/3 410 402 1,10 1, 3(12) +1 +1 +1 +1 +1/3 +1/3 590 596 1,30 1, 4(13) +1 +1 1 1 +1/3 +1/3 520 522 1,20 1, 5(14) +1 +1 0 0 +1/3 2/3 650 641 1,35 1, 6(15) +1 1 0 0 +1/3 2/3 390 411 0,85 0, 7(16) +1 0 +1 0 2/3 +1/3 570 574 1,10 1, 8(17) +1 0 1 0 2/3 +1/3 450 464 0,70 0, 9(18) +1 0 0 0 2/3 2/3 610 601 1,00 0, 5.14 b0 b0 b0 b0 b1 b2 b12 b11 b22 HV 496 601 115 55 18 75 82 8 29 I 1,01 0,99 0,23 0,18 0,13 0,12 0,09 0,025 0, 5.14 2 2 bi bij bii Sy S f1 f2 F0,05 F0, HV 9 11 16 202 770 9 3 3,8 3,9 I 0,032 0,038 0,052 0,0022 0,0048 9 3 2,1 3,9 ) ) I HV % % % % Al 3 3 Al 5.14 () () NiAl3Al3堠 Ni 20 % Cr Al MoO3. Ni20%CrAlMoO3 5.15.   (VI),.   ( 5.16) , : HV=634+531+5322,51262124222;

(5.13) I=1,01+0,181+0,1620,07120,07120,0922. (5.14) 5.15. ,Ni20%CrAl MoO3, 15 % 蠠 2 % (. 5.15, ). ,20% 2%3(.5.15,). 5.15 Ni20%CrAl3 Al, 3, % % 15 2 10 2 (I) 25 4 5 0 12 1 =122/3 1 =222/3 HV. HV. 0 1 2 1 2 1(10) +1 1 1 +1 +1/3 +1/3 420 430 0,45 0, 2(11) +1 1 +1 1 +1/3 +1/3 530 536 0,90 0, 3(12) +1 +1 +1 +1 +1/3 +1/3 630 641 1,10 1, 4(13) +1 +1 1 1 +1/3 +1/3 530 536 0,95 0, 5(14) +1 +1 0 0 +1/3 2/3 630 635 1,15 1, 6(15) +1 1 0 0 +1/3 2/3 520 529 0,75 0, 7(16) +1 0 +1 0 2/3 +1/3 650 656 1,10 1, 8(17) +1 0 1 0 2/3 +1/3 540 550 0,75 0, 9(18) +1 0 0 0 2/3 2/3 640 634 1,00 1, 5.16 b0 b0 b0 b0 b1 b2 b12 b11 b22 HV 565 634 53 53 2,5 62 42 8,07 30,6 I 0,90 1,01 0,18 0,16 0,07 0,07 0,09 0,019 0, 5.16 2 2 bi bij bii Sy S f1 f2 F0,05 F0, HV 9,9 12,1 17,1 232 365 9 4 1,7 3,6 I 0,023 0,029 0,041 0,00125 0,0015 9 3 1,2 3,9 ) ) HV I % % % % Al 3 Al 3 5.15 () () Ni20%CrAl3Al3堠 5.3 蠠 5.3.1 . Al2O3i2Ni. , 3.2, , , 25 . , . , [184, 185].   젠堠렠ࠠ47( 5.16, ), .  , [145]. ) ) 5.16 20 Ѡ () 160 Ѡ () 5.3.1.1 . , / .   .   , , , 150 . 5.16,. ;

, . . . , ( ).

, . . , . .  (Metco). , , , (5.17). ,5.18. ;

;

⠖ 5.17 5.3.1.2 . 2100 . 480 , 420 . 3000 . 2,1 . 0,633103 ;

7,0331071. ) ) ) ) ) ( );

;

;

, ();

䠠 5.18 , 160 Ѡ , 540 . 8760 . 2,55 . 0,528103;

2,4441071. : Π 黠 (. ) 0,45103 , , 11000. ,5.19. ) ) 5.19()() (. 5.19), , , 160 Ѡ . , , , , 2,5 , . 5.3.2 . , , Al2O3 10 % i2 Ni, .   . 012,5%,06,25%. 5.20. Al ࠖ2,5%Al;

᠖5%Ni 5.20()() , , 2,5 % , 0 10 % , Al2O3 10 % i2, 2,1 .

  5 % 4%1,7. 5.3.3 . .   , . 0 10 %, 0 5 %. . , 5.175.18. 5.17 Al2O310%i2NiAl Ni, Al, % % 5 2,5 5 2,5 (I) 10 5,0 0 0 1 2 2 0 1 2 12 1 =1 2/3 2 =2 2/3 1(10) +1 1 1 +1 +1/3 +1/3 0,40 0,37 2(11) +1 1 +1 1 +1/3 +1/3 0,60 0,61 3(12) +1 +1 +1 +1 +1/3 +1/3 1,30 1,33 4(13) +1 +1 1 1 +1/3 +1/3 0,85 0,85 5(14) +1 +1 0 0 +1/3 2/3 1,20 1,17 6(15) +1 1 0 0 +1/3 2/3 0,55 0,57 7(16) +1 0 +1 0 2/3 +1/3 1,15 1,11 8(17) +1 0 1 0 2/3 +1/3 0,70 0,75 9(18) +1 0 0 0 2/3 2/3 1,00 1,01 I, ,: I=1,01+0,301+0,182+0,06120,1410,0822. (5.15) 5.21. 5.18 b0 b0 b0 b0 b1 b2 b12 b11 b22 I 0,86 1,01 0,30 0,18 0,06 0,14 0,08 0,03 0,11 5.18 2 2 bi bij bii Sy S f1 f2 F0,05 F0, I 0,03 0,04 0,06 0,0028 0,0050 9 3 2,0 3,9 I. 5.21 Al2O3 10 % iΠ Ni Al , , , , 蠠 810%45%.2,53,0 , 蠠 Al2O310%i2. , 5.4. 5.4 ⠠ , . 5.4.1. 5.4.1.1. 9. 9, 5.22, , . ࠖFe3O4FeO, ,0,82960,4307. I,.. 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 120 2 40 50 30 60 70 80 90 100 110 5.229 Fe3O4 FeO . . , , d/n(0,2031;

0,1436;

0,1173), . [159], (110) 0,201 , 0,2052 , d/n, , , 0,2031 , Fe()r. , ( 5.19), , FeC, CrC. , , .,FeC,CrC . 5.19 d/nFeC,CrC,9 d/n, FeC CrC 60686[186] 41424[186] 0,2255 0,2330 0,2119 0,2140 0,2017 0,2017 0,2016 0,2017 0,1427 0,1421 0,1805 0,1807 0,1218 0,1210 0,1719 0,1720 0,1166 0,1150 0,1349 0,1360 0,1203 0,1205 0,1169 0,1168 0,1151 0,1152 0,1146 0,1147 0,1113 0,1111 0,1095 , 9 (),,Fe3O4,FeO, FeC,CrC.15249, ( ). 151810. 151810Ӡ, = 0,36035 . Fe, , 0,3631 . . , , 2. K1, K2 .,堠(311)(222) 29,910333,7103. , . , (110), (200), (211), (220). ,40%. , FeCr2O4(FeOCr2O3) NiAlO2 , Cr2O3. FeCr2O4 , 0,8364 . NiAlO2 , 頠 =0,9305;

b=0,5631;

c=0,12098;

=100,9. Cr2O3.   = 0,4954;

=1,3584;

/=2,74. . 5.4.1.2 . Ӡ (Ni). , Ni3Al, Al2O3 (), Al2O3 AlO. , ,(311)(222), 2 = 108125, 26,3103 26,0103 䠠 . , , . (). . Ӡ Ӡ젠20%. , . , , , 0,3556 . ( = 0,3530 ), ⠖. ,,(311) (222), 2 = 108125, 47,710345,4103. , NiAl2O4 (NiOAl2O3) Cr2O3, . , . 5.4.2. 5.4.2.1. 9., ,(5.23). 軠 , 27 .   / 1 . (5.24). , , ,5.25. 151810. 9. ) ) 20 ࠖ;

᠖ 5.239 5.249() ) ) ) ࠖFe;

᠖Cr;

⠖C 5.259() , , , ( 5.26). (5.27). ) ) ) ࠖ;

,⠖ 5.26151810Ӡ() , , , / . 9 , ࠠ 151810Ӡ . . , , , , ,. , , , . ) ) ) ) ) ) ࠖ;

᠖Fe;

⠖Cr;

㠖Ni;

䠖Al;

堖Π 5.27151810() 5.4.2.2. . , Ӡ ( 5.28), :ࠫ껠 , .. Ѡ , ໠ (5.295.30). ) ) 20 ࠖ;

᠖ 5.28Ӡ ) ) 5.29Ӡ() ) ) ) ) ࠖ;

᠖Ni;

⠖;

㠖Al 5.30Ӡ() , . (. 5.29). , , (. 5.30). , , . . , / (5.315.32). , , , 廠 (. 5.32). (5.33). ) ) 40 20 5.31Ӡ ) ) 5.32Ӡ() ) ) ) ) ) ) ࠖ;

᠖Ni;

⠖Cr;

㠖Al;

䠖O;

堖 5.33() , , , , / , , . 5.4.3 . , 78%Al2O312%TiO210%Ni. (5.345.35), Al2O3, 75 %. Al2O3 10 %, Ni3(Al,Ti) 9 %, Ni 6 %. 100 . (TiO2). 45. 66. 44. ( / ) 37. 51. 33. 39. 31. 76. 42. 57. 60. 92. 102. 68. 120. 84. 55. 112. 128. 98. 79. 95. 116. 106. 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 . = 30;

. = 130;

= 0,1;

. = 1;

= 16 ;

. . = 540;

S = 672;

S = 6311;

= 10.6% 5.34 , 78%Al2O312%TiO210%Ni ) Al2O3(511) ) Ni3(Al,Ti) Ni3(Al,Ti) Ni3(Al,Ti) Ni3(Al,Ti) Ni3(Al,Ti) Ni3(Al,Ti) Ni3(Al,Ti) Al2O3(222) Ni3(Al,Ti) Ni(311) Ni(220) Al2O3(311) Ni(200) Ni3(Al,Ti) Al2O3(400) Ni3(Al,Ti) Ni3(Al,Ti) Ni3(Al,Ti) Al2O3(440) Ni(111) ࠖ;

᠖ 5.35 , 78%Al2O312%TiO210%Ni, (400) ⠠ 4050 ( 5.36, ) 6470 ( 5.36, ) 2, I,, d, Al2O3. ) ) Ni3(Al,Ti) (400) 4050 ;

(400) 6470 SPLITLINE() 5.36 Al2O3 , 78%Al2O312%TiO210%Ni (400) 0,4785;

, (400),(1373,75);

(400) 0,6493;

Ġ E2 = 15,6010 ;

ࠠ =4,29741092;

頖;

1,000. , Al2O3 7,91988, : = 7,90. , , 堠 50 , , Ni3(Al,Ti), , 1 ( 5.37).   10 , . , , 78 % Al2O3 12 % TiO2 10 % Ni, , , Al2O3 Al2O3 , ,;

Ni3(Al,Ti). , ( 4 ) , ( ) Р 2 24  12. ) ) ࠖ;

᠖ 5.37 , 78%Al2O312%TiO210%Ni   5.3 , 2,53,0. , . (7880%Al2O31012%TiO2) , . . . , . Al2O3(88%)TiO2(12%)5.38. ) ) 5.38 , 젠 Al2O3(88%)+TiO2(12%) , , (.5.375.38), , . , Ni3(Al,Ti). , 1 , , . , 1,63,0 . , . , , Р,. ,, , , 5,. 1 , : : )FeAlC17H35COOH():C17H35COOH0,3%,Al30%;

)FeAlFe23():Fe238%,Al30%;

)FeCrѠ(9):3030%,נ30%;

) Fe 18 % Cr 10 % NiAlMoO3 (15X18H10): MoO3 3,2%,Al1,2%;

)FeCr4%NiѠ(1524):Cr4%,Ѡ0,45%;

: )NiAl(8515):Al5%;

)NiAlMoO3():Al25%,MoO32,5%;

)NiCrAlMoO3():Al20%,MoO32%;

)(80%Al2O310%TiO2)NiAl:Ni10%,Al5%. 2 1,63,0 ;

, . 3 , . 4 , , / . 9 1524 , 1810Ӡ .


. , , , , , . 5 , ,,, , 0,7 . 6 , , , Ni3(Al,Ti). 1 , . , ,,,. 2 , ( ). , , , . 3 4. , , , , , . Ni3Al / NiAl, ,. 4 , : , ࠖ,3,6,9,3;

, , 151810, 151810;

1524. ;

, , , 0,7. , ;

蠖 . 5 , , , , , , , , , , , , 500 1000 Ѡ . 6   , , , , Fe+Fe3CFe(C)Fe(C), ,, . , , 500600. 7 . 3060 . , 100 , 50 , . ,, , . 78%Al2O312%TiO2 10 % Ni 35 . , Al2TiO5 Ni3(Al,Ti), ( ) 2 . Al2O3. 5Р2,5. 8 , , . 700 . , 201000Ѡ , , , , ( ). , . 9 , , , : 135145 2, 1012, 7580 %, 堖810. 10 , , , . , , , : 240250 , 190200 , 4549 , 250300 , 蠖3,13,3, 45 . : 100150 , 2,22,3 , 67. 11 , : : )FeAlC17H35COOH():C17H35COOH0,3%,Al30%;


)FeAlFe23():Fe238%,Al30%;

)FeCrѠ(9):3030%,נ30%;

) Fe 18 % Cr 10 % NiAlMoO3 (15X18H10): MoO3 3,2%,Al1,2%;

)FeCr4%NiѠ(1524):Cr4%,Ѡ0,45%;

: )NiAl(8515):Al5%;

)NiAlMoO3():Al25%,MoO32,5%;

)NiCrAlMoO3():Al20%,MoO32%;

)(80%Al2O310%TiO2)NiAl:Ni10%,Al5%. 12 1,32,4;

. 13 , , / . ., (, 3, 6, 9, 1524) , (151810, 151810) . , , , , , . ;

. , , , , , 0,7. 14 Al2O3 Al2O3 Ni3(Al,Ti). , , Р 4 蠠 2 . , Ni3(Al,Ti), , , 2,53,0. 1 , . . /..,..,...: .,1998.352c. 2 , . . /..,...:.

.,2005.276. 3 , . . : / . . , . . , . . ;

. . , . . . . :..,2008.679.:. 4 , . / . ..:,1969.540. 5 , . . / . . ..:,1964.224. 6 ,../..,.. ..:,1980.495. 7 ,../ . . , . . , . . . : , 1982.270. 8 ,./...:, 1975.288. 9 . .:Ѡ...,1990.41. 10,.. /....:,1990. 384. 11:./.... ..:,2007.344. 12 / . . [.]..:,.,1985.199. 13/.. [.]//.2005.3..3641. 14,../ ....:,1976.296. 15 / . . [ .] // , : . .. .:..,2006..1..215216. 16: /..[.]..:,1987.792. 17 , . . / . . , . . // . V ..:,1969..262269. 18 : . . .:Ѡ...,1990.176. 19 : /..[.].:,1987.544. 20 / . . [ .]. . ;

: , 2004.350. 21 : /..[.].:,2006. 403. 22 . . 1 : / . . ꠠ [.];

...,...:,2007.320. 23 ..2:/..ꠠ [.];

...,...:,2008.399. 24 50 . , ,/..[.];

..:.. [.].:Π,2010.632. 25 Morris,M.A.Microstructuralrefinementandassociatedstrenght ofcopperalloysobteinedbymechanicalalloying/M.A.Morris,D.G.Morris// Mater.Sci.andEng.A.1989.Vol.111.P.115127. 26 Korb,G.Ironbasedoxidedispersionstrengthenedalloysresistant tooxidationandhightemperaturesachallengeforpowdermetallurgytechno logy/G.Korb,A.Schwaiger//Hightemp.HighPres.1989.Vol.21,5. P.475486. 27 . / . . [ .] // . 1994. 6..121125. 28 /..[.]//蠠 .1996.5..121127. 29 ,.:../...:, 1987.584. 30 ,.. /.

..:,1986.306. 31 : . . ./....:,1991.259. 32 , . . /....:,1971.363. 33 , . . / ....:,1974.299. 34 , . / . // . . ..:, 1966..80103. 35 , . . /..//.1984. .53,11..17691789. 36 , . . . /..// 頠:...,1991..3252. 37 ,..:../.. ,...:,1960.151. 38 , . . /..//...1967. .3,1..5862. 39 , . / . // . .:.,1960.552. 40 Schradar, R. Untersuchen an mechanisch aktivirten. XIII Fest korperstruktur und Katalytisches Verhalten von Nickelpulver / R. Schradar, W.Stadter,H.Octtel//Z.Phus.Chem.1972.Bd.249.S.87100. 41 , . . / . . // Π . . . . 1973..18..9095. 42 , . . Р / . . , . . // .1974..48..11581161. 43 , . . / . . , . . // V.. ,1977..1..6378. 44 Clemens, B. M. Solidstate reaction and structure in compo sitionallymodulatedzirconiumnickelandtitaniumnickelfilms/B.M.Clemens// PhysicalReviewB.1986.Vol.33,11.P.76157626. 45 ,. / . , . // ࠠ 砖:...:,1970..172299. 46 , . .  /..,..// .1988..29,5..10351039. 47 Schwarz,R.B.Formationofamorphousbythemechanicalalloying of crystalline powders of pure metals and powders of intermetallics / R. B. Schwarz,C.C.Koch//App.Phys.Lett.1986.Vol.49,3.P.146148. 48 , . . /..// 頠:...,1991..190203. 49 / . . [ .] // :...,1991..205214. 50 , . . /...:, 1983.65. 51 FeCr /..[.]//.Π͠.. ..1981..6,14(344)..8488. 52 , . . / . . , . . , . . // . 1978. .46,5..978983. 53 , . . /.., . . , . . // . Π ͠ . . . . 1983. .5,12(372)..5462. 54 ,.. / . . , . . , . . // : . . . ..,1995.C.1822. 55 , . . / . . , . . , . . // , ,.1996.4..8891. 56 Benjamin,J.S.Fundamentalsofmechanicalalloying/J.S.Benja min // Mechanical Alloying. Proc. Jnt. Symp. on Mechanical Allouing (Kyoto, May,710,1991)Trans.Tech.Publ.Zurich,1992.P.118. 57 ,.. /..,....:,1968.630. 58 ,../ ....:,1977.382. 59 . 2 ., . . . : , 1983.95. 60 ./ ...,...2.,...: ,1982.366. 61 Rose,H.E.Vibrationmillsandvibrationmilling/H.E.Rose,R.M. S.Sullivan.L.,1961.302p. 62 ,.. /..,...: ,1976.144. 63 , . . / . . ..;

.:,1962.601. 64 ,... /....:,1967.263. 65 ,.. /..,..,..//. VII.. ,1981..1..7378. 66 , . . /.., . . , . . // . .. . 2007. 4..7280. 67 , . . /..,....:,1988. 44. 68 /.[.]. .:,1968.574. 69 , . . /....:,1973.583. 70 / . .,...:,1980.375. 71 Oxidedispersionstrengthening/Ed.:G.S.Ansell//Proc.Second BoltonLandingConf.N.Y.:GordonandBreach,1966.910p. 72 Wilcox, B. A. Creep of Thoriatcd Nickel Above and Below 0,5Tm / B.A.Wilcox,A.H.Clauer//Trans.AIME.1966.Vol.236,4.P.570580. 73 . , , , : / . . [ .] ;



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