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2003 93 63.3(0)3 90 :

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.. ISBN 5-06-003438- , - () .

................................................................................................................ . ........................................ . ................. . .......................................................................................................................... . ............................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................... I. ......................................................................... 1. . . ............................... 1. .................................................................................................................................................................. 2. .

............................................................................................................. . ................................................................................................................................................. ..................................................................................................................................................... 3. .................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................... 2. .................................... 1. . (V IV . .).................................................................................................................................................................... ............... 2. ................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................. 3. ............................................................................................................................... 3. . .............................................................. 1. (XXXIIIXXIX . . .)......................................................................................................................... ( ).................................................................................... 2. (XXVIIIXXIII . . .)........................................................... - ............................................................................................................................................................. . IV .............................................................................. . V ............................................................................................................... . .............................................................................................................. . IV ............................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................... ()......................................................................... .......................................................................................... 4. (XXIXVIII . .

.)................................................................................................................................................................................. 1. . (I : XXIII XXI . . .).............................................................................................................................................................. 2. ......................................................................................................................................................... , . XXIXX . ................................................................................... . III II ................................................ . ............................................................................................................................... 3. . ................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................................................ 5. (XVIXII . . .).. 1. XVIII (. 1554 . 1306 . . .).............................................................................. I. ............................................................................................................................. - . - . XVIII .............................................................................................................................. III..................................................................................................................................... 2. .................................................................................................................................................................................. 3. ............................................................................................................................................................. . . ............ III. XVIII .................................................................................. 4. .................................................................................................................................................... 5. - ......................................................................................................................... . ......................................... , . XVIII ..................................................................................... ....................................................................................... . XIX ......................................................... 6. XIX (. 1306. 1197 . . .).................................................................................................. II........................................................................................................................................................................... . . XIX ................................................... 7. XX (. 1147 . 1075 . . .).................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................. 6. ................................................................................................................ 1. ............................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................. . XXV . VII . . ..................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 2. ................................................................................................................................................. . .......................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................ IV . . ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 7. ............................................................................................................. 1. ............................................................................................................................. 2. .................................................................................................................................................................. . ....................................

.................................................................................................................................. . II ......... . ..................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................................................................ . II................................................................................ . . ................................................................ 3. . . ...................................................................................................................................................... --: , ();

....... ().................................................................................................................................... . VIIVI . ................................................. 4. ................................................................................................................................................................................ . XIV . ......................................................... ( ). ..................................................................................... . .............................................................................................. 5. ............................................................................................................................ , -. .......... . . ....................................................... 6. ........................................................................................................................................................................ I.................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................ III ......................................................................... ................................................................................................................ II. ......................................................... ................................................................................................................................ III ........................................................................ ................................................................................................................ 8. . . ......................... 1. ................................................................................................................................................................. ( ).................................................................. . II . ...................................................... 2. .......................................................................................................................................... 3. ........................................................................................................................................................................... 4. ........................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................ - .................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................ ...................................................................................................................................................................... 5. ......................................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................ ....................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................... 9. . .

- ..................................................................................................................... 1. ........................................................................................................................................ - . -. . 2800 . ....... 2. .................................................................................................................. 3. -....................................................................................................... .......................................... . () 10. . III ............................................................................................................................. 1. XXIVXXII . . .............................................................................................. -. XXIII . . ..................................................................................... 2. .................................................................................................................................................................... 3. - III ............................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................ 11. II . . ..................... 1. (XIXXVI . . .)....................................................... . . XVIII .

.......................................................................................................................................................... . . XVIII . .......................................................................... 2. . - ......................................................... 3. .................................................................................................................... 4. . ................................................................................................................................ 5. - ( II . .)........ 6. ( II . .)............................................................. 12. I . ...................... 1. - X IX . . . I . .................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................... . . - . IX . .......... . III. IX . ..

................................................................................................................................................................ , . III. ..................... VIII . . .................................................................................................................. 2. ....................................................................................................................... - . VII .

........................................................................................................................................................ . . VII . .................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................................... 3. - ........................................................................... ................................................................................................................ 13. II I . .: .................................................. 1. XIIVII . . ........................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................... (VIIIVII . . .)........................................................................................................................ ( ) , , ....................................................................... 2. ........................................................................... II............................................................................................................................................................................................... II. VIIVI . ................................................. ......................................................................................................................................................................... . . . 580 . ........................................................................................... .

VI . .. ().................................................................. 3. VIIIV . . .................................................................................................... 14. ....................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ (-) II -. VIII . .. . .................................................. ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... - ........................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................. ............................................................................................... . , , . ..................... ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... . ....................................... . ..................................................... II ................................. .............................................................. 15. ........................................................................................................... : . . .................................................................................................................................................................................. ..................................................................................................................................................................... ( );

( );

- ......................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................... , ............................................................................................... . ............................ ..................................................................................... 16. .......................................................................................................................... 1. . XVIIIXV . . ........................................ . ....................................................................................................... IV. . . , (, )..................................................................................................... 2. (XIVXIII . . .). ...................................................... . . , - (, )................. 3. - ..................................................................... . . , - (, )............................................................................................................................................... 4. .................................................................................................................................................................. . -. VIII . .................................................. 17. Ż, ......................................................... 1. ............................................................................................................................................................. 2. ............................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................... ............................................................ 3. ................................................................................................................................................................ II .................................. II .......................................................... 18. () .............................................. 1. VII . . ................................................ , ........................................................................................................................................ ..........................................................................................................................

. . . IX . ............................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................... . -.............. ...................................................................................................................................................... 2. ........................................................................................................................................... (-)..................................................................... . VII . ............. . VII . . .......................................................................... 3. ....................................................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................ 19. , ............................................................................................................................................................. 1. . . . ....................................................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................................................ . (VIIIIV . .)..................................................................................... 2. IIIII . ............................................................................... -. , ................................................................................................. III II . ..................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................. ( II). XIVXIII . ............................ . .................................................................................................. 3. I . ................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................................................................ . .................................. . XII . .. ................................................................................................................................................... . XVIII . ........................................................................ 4. I . . - ................................................................................. - ....................................................................................................................................................................... - .................................................................................... 5. , ..................................................................... ............................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................ 6. ................................................................................................................... . II ................................................................................................................................. 20. IX III . . .: ................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................... - (VIII . . .)................................................................................................... . ............................... ............................................................................................................................................................. .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 21. ...................................................... 1. ................................................................................................................................................................ . ....................................................... . .......................................................................................... .................................................................................................. ......................................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................ 2. ............................................................................................ 3. .........................................................................................................

................ ...................................................................................................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................... ( ), . VI . ............ 4. .................................................................................................................................................... II............................................................................................................................... .............................................................................................................................................................. ...................................................................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................................................ ........................................................................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................... I ......................................................... ................................................................... I ......................................................... VII . ................................................................................................ III. ................................................ 22. . .................. ........................................................................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................. 23. . ....................................................................................... .............................................................................................................................................................. . I . ................................................................... ...................................................................................................................................................... - , - . XXIII . ........................... ;

- - . ..................................................... . XIIIXII . ............................................................ -, -. XIII . ..

................................................................................................................................................................ 24. VIIIVI . . ............................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................................. . .......................................................................................... . . VIII . ............................................... . VIIVI . ..................................... . -. VIII . ............................................................................................................................................ ............................................................................................................................................ , . .......................................................................... .................................................................................................................................................................... 25. VI-IV . . ................................................................................ 1. .................................................................................................................................. II.................................................................................................................................................................... II ....................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................ 2. VI . . ............................................................. ..................................................................................................................................................................... , . ........................................................................... , . ................................................................. , . ........................................................................ 3. I.................................................................................................................................................................... , . ........................................................................... .............................................................................................. I............................................................................. 4. VIV . . .............................................................................................................................. - .................................................................................................................................................................................. 5. ........


........................................................ 6. VIIV . . .......................................................... 7. ................................................................................................................................................... . V . ................................................................................. ......................................................................................................................... 26. IIII . ....................................................................... 1. . -.......................................................................................... VIII . ................................................................................................................................. . -.............................................................................................................................. -...................................................................................................................................................................................... . -....................................................................................................... 2. III . ............................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................................... 3. .................................................................................................................... 27. ................................................................................................ 1. . ................................................................................... 2. - .................................................................................................................................................. II. III . ......................................................................................... 3. ................................................................................................................................................................ ...................................................................................................................................................................................... . ....................................... , ................................................................................................................................. (). I . .. I . . ........................................... ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 4. .............................................................................................................................................................. ........................................................................................................................................... ()............................................................................... ( ). . IIIII . ............... ................................................................................................................................................................... . ............................................................................................. III.............................................................................................................................. .............................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................................................ .................................................................................................................................. ......................................................................................................................... VI . .................................................... ......................................................................................................................... VI . .................................................... ................................................................................................................ IV. ...................................................................... 28. . . ......... 1. ........................................................................................................................................................ 2. ......................................................................................................................................................................... 3. ............................................................................................................................................................................... 4. ....................................................................................................................................................................... 29. (XXIIIXVIII . . .)............................................................... -............................................................................................................................ . -......................................................................................................... . -............................................................................................................. . ............................................................................................................................ 30. Ļ. (XIIIVI . . .)........................................................................................................................................... 31. Ļ. - VIII . .

. .................................................................................... 1. - ................................................................................................................................ 2. . ............................................................. . ..................................................................................................................... 32. . II . . . V . . . ....................................

............................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................... - ........................................................................................................................................................... 33. ...................................................................................... 1. ................................................................................................................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................................................................................ . . IIIII ................................................................................................... .................................................................................................................... . . . 300 . .............................................................................................................. .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 2. ...................................................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................................................................. 34. - ().................................................................................................... . IVV BB........................................................................................ IV............................................................................................................................. .............................................................................................................................................................. ................................................................................................................................................... ...................................................................................................................... V. - .... ...................................................................................................................... 35. . . X . , .................................................................................. WWW.................................................................................................................................. (Wei).............................................................................................................................................. (Wei, ).......................................................................................................... (Lu)................................................................................................................................................... (Han)........................................................................................................................................... (Qi)................................................................................................................................................... (Qin)............................................................................................................................................ (Chu).................................................................................................................................................. 1. ................................................................................................................................................................ 2. ................................................................................................................................................. 3. .................................................................................................................................. . XIII . . .......................... 4. ....................................................................................................................................................................... 36. . - ................................................................................................ 1. ...................................................................................................... 2. II . ................................................................................ 3. II . ................................................................................................ .

........................................................................................................................................... . XI . .......................................................................... 4. .................................................................................................................................. , . X . ................................................................................................ 5. ........................................................................................................................................ 6 - XVIII . . .............................................................................................. 37. VIIIIII . . ......................................................................................... 1. ............................................................................................... 2. .............................................................................................................................................................. ................................................. 3. - ......................................................................................................... 4. VIIII . . ........................................................................................... -. II .................................................... . IV . ............................................................... 5. ................................................................................................................................................................. 38. (221207 .



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