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XVII 90- . . 10 - 12 2007 . - ...

-- [ 10 ] --

, , s . , , , , , s 4. , , d . d, s 4, , , s 8 11%.

[110], , , , . , vs [110], [1 1 0] vs = 2v, v 4- . , [110] ( , ), . , , . , , v , , , (001) , , , .

, , (001). :

v = v () cos( ). (1) v () [3]. . 1 ( ) ( ) d = s 4 = 26,6. ( = 2 ). , d = s 4 0 / 4 = ctg. (2) . , d , . . , - s.

1. . . . - .: , 1993.- 224 .

2. .. // . . . . .-. ., 2000. 139 .

3. .. .- .: , 1965. 388.

. ., . .

, , mpk46@mail.ru ʖ () , ( ) (), ( ) ( - ). , [1, 2]. ʖ , . , {110} {0001}h . , 001c 110c. 1-1 0c. , . , 001c, 110c {110}, .

( ) , , ( ) , , . : , 1-10c .

. {223}c, . , , .

1. . . . - .: , 1993.- 224 .

2. Kashchenko M.P. The wave model of martensite growth for the FCC-BCC transformation of iron-based alloys. arXiv: cond-mat/0601569 v3 4 Feb 2006.

. ., . ., . .

( ) . , , .

, [1]. - , , , , , [2, 3]. , () , . , . , , , . , . , , . , () 10 ( ) .

.

( 06-01-96920 _).

1. .., .. . , 1983, .271, 3, . 623-626.

2. .. // , 2002, .21, 9, . 16-20.

3. .., .., .., .., .. . . 2005 ., .

400, 5, . 630-635.

66.084:534. TiNi . , . .*, . . . ** , , * - , ** , ita@vitebsk.by , , , . , . , , (, , , ), .

, .

, , , [1]. , ( ), . . , ( , .) , .

. .

, . [2] , :

21 1 1 = sin 4 k (l x ), 0 x l ;

0;

2 2 1 x 0;

0;

= 0, (1) 2 T2 = T0, x =, 0;

T1 T = a2 a x : x = 0, x T1 = T2 T1 = T2 = T0, x l, = 0, 1 1 = 0;

x = l, 0;

0 , 1 2 , 1, 2 = 1, 2 , 1, 21, 1,2 , 1,2 , 1,2 .

, (1) :

( )) 2 ( k 1 + 6 1 exp 16k 1 sin k ( l x ) + 2 3 2Q 1Ef 2 3 ( ) ( ) ( , ) = + exp 4k 1 + exp 16k 1 sin k ( l x ) + (2).

2 3 4 16 a1 4 1 1 ( ) ( ) exp 16k 1 + exp 4k 2 48 3 + ( Bn Dn Fn ) n = : ;

m 0 = m 0 k , m 0 , f , E , l , x , , , k .

, (2) . , , , . , , (2) . [3], :

C M, T ( As T1 ) 0.005 T As + A f + C, ( A T ) T (A + A ) 6C M exp M s 1 s f Cp (T ) = 0.002 T As + A f + C, (A + A ) 2 T (A + T ) 6C M exp M s f f C A, T (A f + T2 ) (3) EM, T ( As T2 ) As + Af ( ), ( As T2 ) T ( As + Af ) EM EM 10 exp 0.008 T E (T ) = As + Af ( ), ( As + Af ) 2 T ( Af + T1 ) E A E A 10 exp 0.003 T E A, T ( Af + T1 ), As, Af ;

CM, CA, EM, EA , ;

T1 T1 , "" .

, . . , , . , , , [2].

, (2) (3), . Maple x/l.

. 150 ( 15 ). As = 330 , Af = 3730 , , . , Af 10. , TiNi . , . , .

1. Rubanik V., Klubovich V., Rubanik V., Jr. // J. de Phys. 2003. Vol. 112, IV. P. 249-251.

2. .. . .: , 1978. 200 .

3. .., .., .., .. // , 1986. .65, 1. .141-146.

669.295 . ., . . (.), . .*, . .** , * , ** , ., ita@vitebsk.by , , .., , ..

, , [1,2]. (), TiNi [3].

Ti 50,8.%Ni 0,54 , B2RB19 , , :

= 210, = 90, = 250, = 510, = 90, = 120, = 220.

TiNi 250 5500 30 c . (-) 34360. 10 5 . 3%- , .

(.1). , 250 3500. B2R 4000 4500, , , 5000 5500, . M M 450 4500 .

(.2) , , 4500, .

. 5500 [4].

. 1. - . 2. (30 ) - TiNi TiNi. .

. 3. TiNi .

, TiNi 500 5500 (.3).

, . , A 5500.

, 250 5500 TiNi , 5500 30 .

1. J. Ryhnen, in SMST-2000: Proceedings of the International Conference on Shape Memory and Superelastic Technologies, eds. S.M.Russell, A.R.Pelton (Pacific Grove, California: Inter national Organization on SMST, 2001), p251-259.

2. V.Brailovski, et al., Shape Memory Alloys: Fundamentals, Modeling and Applications (2003).

3. .., .., .A. . (, 1990).

4. V.G. Dorodeiko, V.V. Rubanik, V.V. Rubanik Jr., and S.N. Miljukina. Making intrauterine contraceptives from TiNi alloys // 7th European Symposium on Martensitic Transformations ESOMAT 2006: Abstracts. Bochum/Germany, 2006. P. 312.

. ., . ., . .

- . - , .

, , .

- - .

[1] , - - . . . . , , .

6375 HRC. . . 65, 6465 HRC. 7,5 40 , . 1150 ( 1150 40 ) 700 2 . , , . , . .

, , , , . .

1. , .. : / .. , .. , .. . .: , 2006. 279 .

.. 88 .. .. 282 .. .. 31 .. .. 88 .. .. 165 .. 18, 19, .. 263 .. .. 95 .. .. 36 .. 180, .. 36, 39 .. .. 14 .. 31- .. 125 .. .. .. 142 .. 263, .. .. 75 .. .. 39, 45 .. .. 39 .. .. 223 .. .. 75 . . .. 177, 203, 219 .. .. 244 .. .. 53 .. .. 47 .. .. 67 .. .. .. 185 .. .. 82 .. .. 84 .. 6, .. 84 .. .. .. 32 .. .. 269, 272, .. 47 .. .. 88 .. 171, .. 223 .. .. 75, 78 .. .. 114, 120 .. .. 65 .. .. 41 .. . . 197 .. .. 278 .. .. 120 .. 269, .. 73 .. .. .. 104 .. 241- .. 53 .. .. 78 .. .. 237 .. .. .. 75 .. 31-33, .. 157 .. .. 49 .. .. 194 . . .. 198 .. .. 82 .. 180, .. 61 .. .. 42 .. 188, .. 214 .. . . 111 .. .. 157 .. . 71 .. .. 147 .. 3, 6, .. 55 .. .. 55, 58, 61 .. 249, .. 278, 281 .. .. 84 .. 269, .. 64, 71 .. .. 64, 71 .. .. 91 .. .. 151, 152, 154- .. 137 .. .. 288 .. 68, 177,203,211, .. 162 .. .. 18 .. .. 33, 34 .. .. 84 246, 249, .. 31 .. .. 105 .. .. 33, 35 .. .. 105 .. 188, . . .. 162 .. .. 162 .. 177, .. 47 .. 71, .. 258 .. .. 41 .. .. 143, 144 .. .. 47 .. .. .. 147 .. .. 54 .. .. 241-243 .. 142, .. 103 .. 71, .. 288 .. .. 105 .. .. .. 127 ... .. 269 .. .. 91 .. .. 177, 203 . 143, .. 198 .. .. 246 .. .. 74 .. .. 246 .. .. .. 105 .. .. 45 .. .. 206 .. .. 229, 232 .. .. 35 .. 188, .. 209 .. .. 78 .. .. 143, 144 .. .. 180, 183 .. .. 83 .. . 24 .. .. .. 157 .. 74, .. 171 .. .. .. 41 .. .. 209 .. .. 283, 286 .. .. (.) 283, 286 .. 143, .. 30 .. .. 75 .. .. 100 . . .. 209 .. 180, .. 223 .. .. .. 288 .. .. 246 .. .. 108 .. . . 251 .. .. 143, 144 .. 249, 251, .. 211 .. .. .. 108 .. .. 185 .. .. 147 .. .. .. 53 .. 49 .. 278, .. 263 .. .. 88 .. .. 198 .. .. 131 .. .. 187 .. 103, .. 67 .. 64, 71, .. .. 41, 42 .. .. 128 .. .. 18, 19, 21 .. .. 74 .. 263, .. 19, 21, 24 .. 269, 272, .. 36 .. . . 111 .. .. 269, 272, .. 88 .. .. 120 .. 180, .. .. 168 .. .. .. 84 .. 198, .. 71 .. .. .. 88 .. .. 34 .. .. 61 Froustey C. .. 82, 83 Harada H. .. 114, 117 Hellmig R.J. .. 97 Hu W. Janecek M. Murakumo T. Ballato J.M. 174 Pyshkin S.L. Barkov T.L. 156 Schierbaum K. Estrin Y. 180 Vorberg S. Frommert M. .. (/) 3- .

.., .., .., .. (/) 6- AlCuFe 20720 .

.., .., .., .., .. (- 9- /) .

.., .., .. () 11- Ni3(Mn,V), .

.. (-) .

.., .. (, /) 15- .

.., .., .. () .., .., . () 19- .

.., .., .. () 21- [10 10] .

.., ., .. (, / - 24- ) Ǩ Ǩ .

.., .., .., .., .., 27- .. (, ) .

.., .. (/) - .

.., .., .., .. (, ) - .

.., .., .., .. () .

.., .., .., .., .., .. (, ) .

.., .., .., .. (, ) - .

.., .., .., .., .. (, ) - - .

.., .., .., .. () 36- .

.. () .

.., .., .. (-) 39- .

.., .., .., .. () .

.., .., .., .. () 42- Ni2MnGa, .

.., .., .., .., .. 45- (-) - .

.., .., .., .., .. (- 47- ) .

.., .., .. () 49- .

.., .. () 50- .

.., .., .. () ߻ KDP, ADP, Al.

.


. (/ ) .., .., .. () 55- .., .. () 58- Ti3Al . ., .., .. () 61- 1504 .., .., .. () .., .. () 65- .

.., .., .., .. (/) 67- NbTi.

.. () - , .

69- .. () .. (-) .., .., .., .., .., .., .., . () , NiFeGa, CoNiGa, CoNiAl, NiMnGa .., .. (/) .. () .., .., .. () .., .., .., .., .., 75- .. (-) .., .., .., .. (- 78- ) .., .. (/) - .., .., .., .. (/) 2511 .., .., .., .. (/ ) .., .., .., .., .., 84- .. () Cd1ZnTe, .

.. (/) 86- .., .., .., ., .., 88- .., .., .., .. (/ ) .. () 89- Al6%Cu0,5Mn0,45Mg 0,35Sc0,12Zr T6.

.., .., .. () 91- .

.., .., .., .. () 95- , .. () 97- - .

.., .., .. () 100- , .., .., .. () .


.., .., .., .. () - .

.., .., .., .., .., - 105- .. (/) - .

.., .. () 108- - . ., . ., . . () 111- FeNi .., .., .., .., .. 114- () .. () 117- .., .., .., .. () 120- .

.., .., .. () - .

.. () - .

.., Frommert M., Hu W., .., .. (- , Aachen/Germany) .

.., .., .. (/) 126- .. () .. () 128- .. () 131- .

.., .. (/) 134- .., .. () 137- ߖ .., .. () 138- .

.., .., .. () .., .., .., .., . () .., .., .., .., .. () 144- , .

() 145- .

.., .., .. () 147- Vorberg S., Murakumo T., Harada H., Panfilov P. (Jena/Germany, Tsukuba/Japan, - ) THE TEMPERATURE STABILITY OF THE DISLOCATION STRUCTURE AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH PLASTICITY OF IRIDIUM AT ELEVATED TEMPERA TURES Kisel V.P. () MECHANISMS OF PLASTICITY AND FRACTURE IN CRYSTALS UNDER LOW AND SHOCK-WAVE STRESSES .. () 152- .. () 154- . Kisel V.P. () 155- IMPACT EVIDENCE FOR THE LOCALIZED DEFORMATION ORIGIN OF INSU LATING-METAL-SUPERCONDUCTING TRANSITION IN SOLIDS.

Kisel V.P., Barkov T.L. () UNIVERSALITY OF DISLOCATION MECHANISMS IN CRYSTALLINE AND FLUX-LINE LATTICES OF LOW- AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUC TORS .., .., .. () 157- .., .., .. () 160- Ti50,8.%Ni .., .., .., .., .., 162- Schierbaum K. (-, Dsseldorf/ Germany) .., .. () 165- 01420 .., .. () 168- , , .

.., .. (/) 171- , , GaP.

Pyshkin S.L., Jitaru R.P., Ballato J.M (Clemson/USA, Kishinev/Moldova) 174- LONG-TERM EVOLUTION OF OPTICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES IN GALLIUM PHOSPHIDE .., .., .., .., .. () 177- - Estrin Y., .., .., .., .., 180- .., Janecek M., Hellmig R.J. (/, Clausthal-Zellerfeld/Germany, Praha/ Czech Republic) - .., .., .., .., .. (- 183- /) AlLi .., .., .. (-) 185- .., .. (-) .

., .., .. (/) 188- - .., .., .. (/) 191- - .. (-) 194- . ., . ., . ., . . (, ) .., .., .., .., .., 198- .. (/, ) .., .. () 200- .., .., .., .., .. () 203- .., .. () 206- .., .., .., .. () - , 03138520,8 .., .. () 0-250 Froustey C., .., .., .. (Bordeaux/France, , 211- .) .., .. () 214- 1421 Al LiMg .

.. (/ ) 215- .., .. () .. () 220- - .

.., .., .., .. (/) 223- .. () 226- .

.. (/) 229- .

.. (/) 232- .., .. (-) 235- .., .. (-, /) 237- CuZnAl .

.., .. (/) .., .. (/) .., .. (/) .., .., .. (/) 244- .

.., .., , .., .. (- 246- ) Pd40Cu30Ni10P , .., .. () 249- Pd40Cu30Ni10P20 . ., . ., . . () 251- .., , .. () 255- Pd40Cu30Ni10P .., .., .. (, ) 258- , 24,5 % .., .., .. () 260- .., .., .., .., .. (- 263- ) .., .. (-) 266- - .., .., .., .., .., 269- .. (, ) .., .., .., .., .. () 272- Ė .

.., .., .. () 275- .., .., .., .. () 278- .., .. () ʖ .., .., .. () - ., ., .. . (, /) 283- TiNi .., .. (.), .., . (- 286- /) .., .., .. (/) - XVII , 90- .. , . II., 10-12 2007 . -, .

..



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