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.. (XIX - XX .) ...

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. , " , , " ( ., 1849, . 836).

, , . , . , " , , , A. cordatus A. virgatus, . , Gryphaea dilatatcT ( ., 1849, . 842-843).

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(. 9): ) , ) , ) , " , . Aviculae" ( Inoceramus Grit - - . .;

d) , ;

) f) Inoceramus mosquensis. . p. Avicula [ - Buchia mosquen sis (Buch)], .

http://jurassic.ru/ 2. (1809-1850 .) . 9. . (. 37 : Murchison, Verneul, Keyserling, "The Geology of Russia...", 1845, p. 237) . " (), , , Pecten, Avicula Cardium , , - . , , , , , , " ( ).

, , " ". - " , , , , " ( , . 867).

, " , . , , , , " ( , . 885).

http://jurassic.ru/ 42 I. ..

" " - , . , , ", , , . , , , . , , ( - . .) " ( , . 854).

, , " ", , . , , , 70 .

' , 38 , Terebratula royeriana [=Russiella roye riana ( d ' O r b i g n y ) ], Mytilus vicinalis [=Modiolus vicinalis ( d ' O r b i g n y ) ], Ammonites okensis [=Craspedites okensis ( d ' O r b i g n y ) ], Ammonites Frear si [=Cadoceras frearsi ( d ' O r b i g n y ) ], Ammonites Tcheffkini [=Rondiceras tcheffkini ( d ' O r b i g n y ) ] .

, ' , " , , , , ", , "Terrain Oxfordien", , , , "Terrain http://jurassic.ru/ 2. (1809-1850 .) Oxfordien," ( ., 1849, . 886). ' .

, . (1866, . 20), " ,... , ".

.. ( 1 8 8 1, . 2-3) , . " , ", , , " ". , , " d ' O r b i g n y , . d ' O r b i g n y , " ( , . 3).

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http://jurassic.ru/ 44 I. .

2.3. .. .. 1832 1846 . . . , . 1832 . , . . , . " ", . : " ,..., , , , , , , , , " (, 1832, . 191). , " ". , , " K i m m e r i d g e c l a y " ( , . 192). " " , .

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. 10. .. .

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5). ;

6). " (. 2 . 4 : , 1874) http://jurassic.ru/ 2. (1809-1850 .) , . 1843 . 1849 .

- . (, 1849).

" " (, 1849):

1. . Turneri Sow., . triplex Miinst. - ;

2. . Panderi Eich., Belemnites compressus Voltz - ;

3. Ichtiosaurus platyodon, Inoceramus du bius Sow., Belemnites breviformis Voltz - ;

4. Ammonites fimbriarius Sow., Ammonites Koenigii Sow. - ;

5. - ;

6. Gryphaea dilatata Sow., Belemnites canaliculatus Schlot. - .

. . ( 1 9 5 3, . 44, 4 5 ), , : " . . , , , ". , .

1844 . , .

(1915-1994) - , , - , (INIGEO).

http://jurassic.ru/ 46 I. .

. 11. Pecopteris. .

(. V, fig. 10, 11 : Auerbach, 1844) 1844 . . . (Auerbach, 1844) (. 11). , Perna Fischeri [=Isognomon fischeri] (Rouillier, 1844a), - Rhynchonella loxiae Fischer (Rouillier, 1844b). . (Fahrenkohl, 1844) , - L y r o d o n intermedium [Myophorella intermedia (Fahrenkohl)], Gastrochaena cylindrica Fahrenkohl.

1845 ., " , , " (. 12). " , ", . . 113 , .

, , , - " ... " (, 1845), , - " " (Rouillier, Frears, 1845).

(, 1845) . 3 http://jurassic.ru/ 2. (1809-1850 .) U .

1 - * W * 1*{ & * *,.

10- IMUJ, .

» 11.

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. 12. .. " ...", 1845 .

(): Ammonites carinati, - Ammonites virgatus, - Ammonites catenulatus.

. . (1845, . 40), , " , , ", . , " , , , , , , ( , . 39). , - . .. . ( http://jurassic.ru/ 48 I. .

), " " ( ). . , , , .. (18706) . . (1907).

. . . . . , , . .. (. 3, ).

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, , " , (. carinati), , . , , , . , , , , , 2- , , . - ;

, , , " (, 1845, . 40). , - Ammonites alternans [=Amoeboceras alternans ( B u c h ) ], Ammonites cordatus [=Cardioceras cordatum ( S o w e r b y ) ], Dentalium. .

http://jurassic.ru/ 2. (1809-1850 .) ( , . 4 0, 4 1 ) : " Ammonites virgatus, , . , 4 - 7 . - (Planulati). , . , , , , ;

(rognos) . - , , , , , : - ".

, , Ammonites virgatus [=Virgatites virgatus (Buch)], Terebratula oxyopthycha [=Mosquella oxyoptycha (Fischer)], Rhynchonella Fischeri [-Russirynchia fischeri (Rouillier)] . .

: " , , , . , , , . Ammonites catenulatus, ( - . ). , , , , . , , , ;

:

http://jurassic.ru/ 50 I. ..

Belemnites canaliculatus, Terebratula acuta Avicula mosquensis" ( , . 41).

- , , . , , . , . , . . , . Pecopteris;

, . , , , . . , . . , - - , . - . , .

. . , . , , , , , , , . . . , , , , . , . , , " , http://jurassic.ru/ 2. (1809-1850 .) , " (, 1845, . 42).

. . . , " Oxfordclay K e l l o w a y r o c k " ( , . 45). . . , " , Lima proboscidea, Avicula inaequiralvis, Inoceramus dubuis, . ;

..., , , K i m m e r i d e clay" ( ).

. . , " " ( ), . , " , , . , : " ( , . 38). . . - , " " ( ). ( , . 44): " 1. , . , , Ammonites virgatus, A.catenulatus, A. validus, Avicula mosquensis.

2. Terebratula acuta . 3. , . 4. ".

, .. , 1842, 3.

http://jurassic.ru/ 52 I. .

, " " ( ). , Ammonites virgatus , , Ammonites catenulatus, .. .

, , , : " ( -.) , , , , , , " ( , . 38).

1845 . , , " ". . , , , . . .

. . , " , - , ", . . , . , , " ... ... , , " (, 18456, . 601).

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1845 . , (1845, . 867, 868) . , , , " " ( - . .) , . " , - , Terebratula varians, , ". , , , , http://jurassic.ru/ 54 I. .

, . . . , : " , ( - , - . ), , , , , " ( ).

. . , 1845 . - ( - -.) " - (Ichtyosaurus)" " , " ( ).

, " , , , , , . , . " ( ).

, , " ... " " ". ( ) (Rouillier, Frears, 1845). .

, 4 ( ) - : 1. Terebratula varians;

2. Ammonites alternans;

3. Ammonites virgatus;

4. Ammonites catenu latus. , ;

, Ammonites alternans Terebratula varians - Ammonites Jason [=Kosmoceras ja http://jurassic.ru/ 2. (1809-1850 .) son (Reinecke)], Ammonites Duncani [=Kosmoceras duncani ( S o w e r b y ) ].

, .

1846 . , . . , " ", . . . Ammonites catenulatus Fischer., Am. mutabilis (A. Koenigii, Sow.) (Rouillier, 1846). , , " " , . , Natica Inoceramus. Inoceramus lobatus (Auerbach, Frears, 1846) (. 13).

" ", " ", . (1867, . 6), " , , -, ". . . (Rouillier, 1846). , , , , , .

. 13. Inoceramus lobatus Auerbach et Frears [=Anopaea brachovi (Rouillier) ] (. VII, . 1, 2 : Auerbach et Frears, 1846) http://jurassic.ru/ 56 I. .

1847 . , . . , . - Ammonites Talitzianus Am. Engerisianus, - Ichtiotherus Fischeri. Pinites jurensis Rllr. et Fahr. . . . . . . , . . . (Catala, 1847) Ammonites dentatus [=Hoplites dentatus (Sowerby)] . .

1847 . (1847, . 7) . " , - , - , , , , Hastings s a n d s, (Weald) ( ), ".

. . . , - , , , " . " (, 1847, . 16). .


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http://jurassic.ru/ 2. (1809-1850 .) 1846 . , . (Rouillier, 1846), (Rouillier, Vosinsky, 1847, 1849). (Rouillier, Fahrenkohl, 1849). , , , , . , , . , ( 1 8 8 1, . 8) : " . , , , , . , ".

. . - Buchia, Avicula (. 14). , Buchia, Buchiasandstein ( ).

, " , " (, 1847, . 47). . . .

. 14. Buchia mosquensis Buch (. D, . 1, :

Rouillier, 1846) http://jurassic.ru/ I. .

Buchia Aucella, . , .

B u c h i a () (, 1979, 1981).

- Rhynchonella Loxiae Fisch.

(acuta Rouil.) Rhynchonella Fischeri Rouill. (Rouillier, 1849).

- , . " - ()" " " 1847 . " " " " (. : , 1954, . 65). , " - " : "... , , ;

-, , ;

, -, , " ( , . 69). " - ", , , .

. . (18546) " ", " ". . , " ", , , , . - , : " , http://jurassic.ru/ 2. (1809-1850 .) , , , , .

, , , , , , ... , , - , - " (. : , 19546, . 232). , , , , . : " , [ ] . - [ ] " ( , . 244). .. , , : " ... " (, , 1964, . 96). . . (1966, . 78) , " , . . , . . , .. , .. ..., , ".

1850 . .. (Czapski, 1850) . .

: , , , . Ammonites Tcheffkini, d ' O r b [=Rondiceras tcheffldni - , - , , .

http://jurassic.ru/ 60 I. .

( d ' O r b y g n y ) ], Am. Jason Ziet. [=Kosmoceras jason (Reinecke)], Belem nites panderianus d ' O r b. [=Pachyteuthis panderi ( d ' O r b i g n y ) ]. , , . , . .

, . . . , ( , 1885), 151 .


(, 1969, 1992). , Astarte panderi Rouillier, Isotrigonia falcki (Rouillier), Myophorella jonioi (Rouillier et Vosinsky), - Russirhynchia fischeri (Rouillier), Russiella bul lata (Rouillier), - Rhabdocidaris spinigera (Rouillier), Rhab docidaris anceps (Rouillier) .

. . . , . (1885, . 131), " - ". .. ( , .133): " - ( - ..) .

, , , . , , , , , , ".

.

. . (1989, . 110) http://jurassic.ru/ 2. (1809-1850 .) , " . , .. , ".

, , -, 1996 ., - - , . . .. ( 1 9 6 6 ), " Ammonites virgatus" ( 2).

http://jurassic.ru/ , (1856-1881 .) 3.1. .. .. 1850 1858 . . , .

1856 . .. , , , , . , , , . . (, 1856). , Am. virgatus ( ) - Avicula mosquensis ( ). , , , .

, , " Am. virgatus, , . http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (1856-1881 .) Avicula mosquensis - Dentalium Turritella" ( , 1856, . 167). : " , Terebratula varians, " C o u p e geologique des environs de M o s c o u ", " ( ).

.. : " , , , , ( 8 - 9 ) ( ) ( -) , , , , , . :

Ammonites virgatus, Am. Pallasianus, Belemnites panderianus, Bel. abso lutus, Terebratula oxyoptycha, Ter. Royeriana Avicula Mosquensis, Pecten nummularis Gryphaea dilatata..." ( , . 169). .. " ".

, .. , , , - .

.. " , ", , , : "... - ( ) . , " ( , . 170). , , , , , " " ( , . 171). .

" , ", , . http://jurassic.ru/ 64 I. .

. " (), " ( , . 144), , " " ( , . 145).

.

1853 . .. . , . , " , , , , , " (, 1856, .

146, 147). , , , , . , -Ammonites catenulatus Fischer, Am. Koenigii, Aucella mosquensis, , " " ( , . 147). , , " , , 4- 5- " ( ). , . , , . , , (Auerbach, Frears, 1846), .

, , , , http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (1856-1881 .) . ( ): ") 50 60' ( -..) . ) - - , 3 0 - 4 0 ' ;

, -, , ) , - ;

. , . , , : Am. Koeni gii, Sow., Am. catenulatus, Fisch., Belem. absolutus, Fisch., Pecten demis sus, Bean., Pecten nummularis, Phill. . 2 0 - 2 5 ' ;

10 , , , Aucella mosquensis, Panopea (antiqua?) . d) -, , ;

A c e p h a l a e, , Lucina Fischeriana, d ' O r b. , , , . , Gryphaea dilatata, , , " (, 1856, . 148, 149). , . .. , , , , .

3.2. .. " 1857 , - , 30,48 .

http://jurassic.ru/ I. .

. ", - (1867, . 18) , 1 8 5 7 - 6 0 .

.. , . , 1858 1861 ., , - , , , .

(Trautschold, 1858) () , , : 4 , 1 , , 1 5 , " " . , , . , Inoceramus Natica vulgaris Reuss., . , , .

Kachpurites fulgens Craspedites subditus, - Craspedites nodiger . - , - .

1859 . .. (Trautschold, 1859) ( ). , , .

.. 12 , http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (18561881 .) . , , - Acrochordicrinus - A. insignis Trautschold, 1859. Cyclocrinus d ' O r b i g n y . Cyclocrinus insignis (Trautschold, 1859;

, 1860) . , .

1860 . .. (Trautschold, 1860) . . , , . , . .. , Ostrea plastica [-Liostrea plastica], . .

1861. , . (Trautschold, 1861) , . , - , . " ", , , , , , , . 117 , 31 .



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