, , ,

<<


 >>  ()
Pages:     | 1 | 2 || 4 | 5 |   ...   | 8 |

.. (XIX - XX .) ...

-- [ 3 ] --

(Trautschold, 1861b) " " , . . Ammonites fulgens [=Kachpurites fulgens (Trautschold)], - Kachpurites fulgens . - var. hybridus ?var. triplicatus, Ammonites fragilis [=Craspedites fragilis].

http://jurassic.ru/ 68 I. .

(Trautschold, 1861) . . , , ;

.

, , , , . , Ammonites alternans [=Amoeboceras alternans (Buch)]. -Ammonites virgatus [=Virgatites virgatus (Buch)], Ammonites bifurcatus, Ammonites biplex, , , , - Ammonites catenulatus [=Garniericeras catenulatum (Fischer)], Ammonites Koenigii [=Craspedites nodiger (Eichwald)] .

, (Trautschold, 1861, s. 366). , , . " " (, 1965, . 89).

. , , , , , , , , . , . , 113 132 http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (18561881 .) . .. , , (Trautschold, 1861, s. 450).

.. (Eichwald, 1861) 1861 . , . " ", , (1867, . 50), " , , ".

.. " " ( ) (""), .

, , (1847) Anthophyllum Pleurophyllum argillaceum, (Eichwald, 1 8 6 1, s. 2 8 6, 287) Radiolites ( Sphenaulax agrillaceus (Trautschold) Spongia - .). , , . , . " ", .

, , , , , , - . .. - , .

(Trautschold, 1 8 6 I d ), , .

.. , , . , , . , 2 0 , http://jurassic.ru/ I. .

, 17 , Ammonites virgatus, . .. , " " .

1862 . (Eichwald, 1862) , " ", , , , . Ammonites virgatus (" " ).

.. (1867, . 62) : " . , , , , , , , , , , , . - ".

( 1 8 8 1, . 9, 10), , , " , ".

1861 . . .

1862 . (Trautschold, 1862), . . 1840 ., ' 1845 . . .. , , , (Trautschold, 1862).

http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (18561881 .) - Ammonites mutabilis Sow., Ammonites mutatus. Indosphinctes.

.. - Ostrea marschii S o w e r b y [=Lopha maschii (Sowerby)], Gryphaea dilatata Sowerby, Gryphaea lucerna Trautschold. . .. , , . , , , , , ' . .

1862 . " N o m e n c l a t o r palaeontologicus der Jurassischen Formation in R u s s l a n d " (Trautschold, 1862b). .

(. 4, ) - " , . ".

.. (1867, . 59), , , , " , , , , ".

, . . (1966) , . (1982, . 55) , " ", 1961 ., " , 1862 . , ".

http://jurassic.ru/ 72 I. .

1863 . . , , .

. . , , , , . , Aucella Ammonites virgatus, (Trautschold, 1863). .. , (, , 1998) Pavlovia pavlowi (Michalsky) Ino ceramus pseudoretrosus Gerasimov.

.. , , , , , , , , . 1 8 6 3 - 1 8 6 5 . , 1863 ., . (Trautschold, 1863b): 1. , , Belemnites panderianus. , , , , , ;

2. Ammonites virgatus, , A. virgatus Ammonites Pallasi, Aucella Mosquensis, Astarte ovoides, , , , , ;

3. Aucella Mosquensis, Ammonites Koenigii, A. biplex .;

4. . - - . .

1864 . .. , http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (1856-1881 .) 1 (Trautschold, 1864).

, ( - ) , Ammonites alternans, . , .

Ammonites virgatus, . . .

.

- Inoceramus aucella, Astarte porrecta, - Ammonites deshayesi Am.

bicurvatus. , , -, , , , . .. , .

1865 . (Trautschold, 1865) , , " ", , - , , - , . - Astarte porrecta , , Inoceramus aucella (. 15). . . 24 , - Ammonites versicolor [=Speetoniceras versicolor (Trautschold)] (. 16).

.. , . , , http://jurassic.ru/ I. ...

. 16. Ammonites versicolor [=Spe . 15. Inoceramus aucella etoniceras versicolor (Trautschold)] Trautschold (. I, . 2 (. II, . 3 : Trautschold, : Trautschold, 1865) 1865a) , , , , .

.. 4 . . . , , 1901 . (. : , 1965, . 208): " . , , , , , ".

, 1865 . , (Trautschold, 1865b) . , . Ammonites Tcheffkini [=Rondiceras tcheffkini ( d ' O r b i g n y ) ], A. lunula [=Hecticoceras http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (1856-1881 .) lunula (Reinecke)], A. Lamberti [=Quenstedtoceras lamberti (Sowerby)] . Ammonites alternans [=Amoeboceras alternans (Buch)], A. cordatus \=Cardioceras cordatum (Sowerby)], - "" " " , " " .

, , " " . .

(Trautschold, 1866) , , , ( ) . 18 . : (Virgatusschicht) Terebratula latifrons [=Roullieria latifrons (Trautschold)], " " (Virgatusschicht) - Lucina coarctata [=Phacoides coarctata (Trautschold)], Pleuromya parallela [=Quenstedtia parallela (Trautschold)], Scurria bicanaculata Trautschold, Emarginula exiqua Trautschold, Turbo neritoides [=Vanicoropsis neritoides (Trautschold)], Eryma quadriverrucata Trautschold. " " Ammonites Kaschpuricus [=Craspedites kachpuricus (Trautschold)], . -Ammonitesfragilis [=Craspeditesfragilis (Trautschold)]. Teuthoidea, " " ( panderi - ..). Coccoteuthis hastiformis Rtipp (. 5, ). . . . (1955) Trachyteuthis, , , . zhuravlevi . G e k k e r et R. Gekker.

http://jurassic.ru/ I. .

- , "Ammonites fragilis Ammonites fulgens". , , " " (Trautschold, 1866, s. 19). .. , . (1885, . 92), , " , 8 - 1 0 ".

Kachpurites fulgens - , ( ., 1995).

1 8 6 6 - 1 8 6 7 . . " " " , ". , , 1866 . . , , . " ". , , . . . , , ( 1 8 5 4 - 1 8 5 5 .) , " ", . " " (. .) Ammonites Tcheffkini d'Orbigny, Belemnites absolutus Fischer ., : " , , , , , , http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (18561881 .) " ( , 18786, . 438). - , . , . . " ", - , Ammonites Koenigii Sowerby.

" " Ammonites virgatus Buch, " " Ammonites biplex Sowerby, " " Ammonites Tchefjkini Orbigny, . Jason Z i e t, . Lamberti Sowerby, . cordatus Sowerby. (18786, . 440), " , , . , ".

, 1867 ., . .. , , . , - , , . , .. , , .

, , " , " (, 1878, . 461).

1867 . .. , . , " ", . , , , - . ( ..., 1867, . 4 8 8 - 4 8 9 ) : " - - ... Ammonites Panderi, Belemnites absolutus Bel. Volgensis, http://jurassic.ru/ I. .

. , , 15 ". - Belemnites panderianus Bel. compressus - 1 Vi . ( panderi ), " ... -, ;

... , , , , Ammonites Panderi, Am. fim briates (Sow.), Belemnites compressus, Orbicula maeotis". 1 1 .

, , " Aviculae, ". - .

. . , , , , .

1866 . - , , . - , - , (, 1870, 18706, 1872). , .

, - (, 1870) - , 2 13 .

- , 0,711 .

http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (1856-1881 .) .

, . .. , (Trautschold, 1858), , . (, 1870, . 14) , " " " " . ( , . 15): " Avicula cuneiformis, Ammonites nodiger Ammonites catenulatus .

1866 , ".

.. . . , , , " , : , , " (1870, . 72). , , . , " , " ( , . 30). , , . , , . , : Ammonites Jason [=Kosmoceras jason (Reinecke)], Ammonites Lamberti [=Quenstedtoceras lamberti ( S o w e r b y ) ], Ammonites mutatus [=Indosphinctes mutatus (Trautschold)], Ammonites Tcheffkini [=Rondiceras tcheffkini ( d ' O r b i g n y ) ], (1870a, c. 32) , " http://jurassic.ru/ 80 I. .

, . , ".

: "Ostrea Marschii [=Lopha marschii (Sowerby)] Pecten fibrosus [=Clamys fibrosa (Sowerby)] " ( , . 40).

- , (18706, . 265), " - , ". , .

, , .

.. . Aucella mosquensis , , , , .

Ammonites virgatus , . , . , . , - , ( " " ) - - .

.. , , . , .

.. ( 1 8 7 0 6, . 223) " ", . . , - http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (18561881 .) , . : Ammonites alternans v.Buch [=Amoeboceras alternans (Buch)], Belemnites Panderianus d ' O r b. [=Pachyteuthispanderi (d'Orbigny)], Dentalium subanceps Tvmtsdu.[=Laevidentalium gladiolus Eichwald]. .

, ( , . 2 2 3 - 2 2 4 ), , - , . ", " ( -.). , , , " " . ( , . 2 2 4 ) : " - . , , , ". .. " ", . , , - . , - .

.. , , Ammonites virgatus v.Buch [=Virgatites virgatus (Buch)], Ammonites Panderianus d ' O r b. [=Dorsoplanites panderi ( d ' O r b i g n y ) ], Ostrea plastica Trtsch.

[=Liostrea plastica (Trautschold)], Panopaea Orbignyana Rouill. [=Pan ope orbignyana (Rouillier)], Rhynchonella Fischeri Rouill. [=Russirhyn chia fischeri (Rouillier)]. " , , " ( , . 22). .

http://jurassic.ru/ I. .

, . Aucella mosquensis K e y s., Panopaea peregrina cTOrb [= Pleuromya peregrina ( d ' O r b i g n y ) ], ( ). .

.. ( , . 227), , , , " ". , . " .... , ". . , " ", 2 0 . .. : " , 4 0 - 5 0 ;

, - ;

, ;

Ammonites virgatus... , , , . , " ( , . 227).

: Ammonites fulgens Trautsch.

[=Kachpurites fulgens (Trautschold)], Ammonites fragilis Trautsch.

[=Craspedites fragilis (Trautschold)], Panopaea peregrina d'Orb.

[=Pleuromya peregrina ( d ' O r b i g n y ) ], Ammonites catenulatus Fisch.

[=Garniericeras catenulatum (Fischer)], Belemnites Russiensis d'Orb.

[=Pachyteutis russiensis ( d ' O r b i g n y ) ]. " " , Rhynchonella loxiae Fisch.[=Rhynchonella loxiae Fischer], Pecten nummularis V\a\\.[=Entolium nummulare (Fischer)], Am monites catenulatus Fisch. [=Garniericeras catenulatum (Fischer)].

, , , , http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (1856-1881 .) ( , . 2 3 0 ) : ". , , .. , , . , .

. , . , , ;

, Trigonae, Rhynchonellae, . Rhynchonella oxyoptycha, . , , - ;

, , , . . , , , , , , . , . , , , ... , , ".

. .

.. , , , " , , " ( ).

, , , , http://jurassic.ru/ 84 I. .

, - , - .

, - , (1872) . ( ), . . ( ). , . .. 5 , , " , ;


, Odontapsis raphiodon , " (1872, . 155).

" ", " " ( , . 154).

.

1872 . " ". : - , , , .

, Ammonites alternans [=Amoeboceras alternans (Buch)], Ammonites Jason [=Cosmoceras jason (Reineke)], .

Ammonites virgatus [=Virgatites virgatus (Buch)]. . Ammonites catenulatus Fisch. [=Garniericeras catenulatum (Fischer)], "" Ammonites fulgens http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (1856-1881 .) [=Craspedites fulgens (Trautschold)], A. fragilis [=Craspedites fragilis (Trautschold)]. , " ".

, , , 4 , , Ammonites fulgens . , .

.

. . ( 1 8 8 1, . 135) , " , ( - . ) ;

, , , .. Ammonites alternans, ". , , , " : .. Bathonien, Callovien, Oxfordien" ( ). .. , . .

: " () , , . " ( , 1885, . 133, 134).

.. 1884 . (. : , 19666, . 7 4 ) :

" , , : , , , , Perisphinctes http://jurassic.ru/ I. .

virgatus, , Oxynoceras catenulatum, . . - , , Ammonites alternans . . (Trautschold, 1861, s. 361) , ".

1871 . .. " ". , Ammonites bicurvatus [=Aconeceras trautscholdi Sintzov] (Trautschold, 1871).

1872 . . . . , , . , (1872, . 4 1 ) , " " - , . , , , , , . - .

(1872, . 41) , " ;

, ". , , . . . (1874, . 68) : " http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (1856-1881 .) , ".

.. , , : , , , , . " " (1872). , , , (. : , 1966, . 32).


.. (1947, . 48) , " ".

1874 . . . " , ". . . , (1845), - , , . " , , .

. ", - . . ( 1 9 5 0, . 440).

1874 . . . " ". , 1872 ., - , , - .

(1842-1883) - , .

(1876-1976) - - , . .. , - .

http://jurassic.ru/ I. .

. 17. .. (. 3 . 8 : , 1874) . . , , . . , . . . (. 17), , - , (), () , 2 7 % , , " " (), - (d).

. ( , 1874, . 8, 9): " - ;

, , , Lu cina Phillipsiana d ' O r b., Pleurotomaria Buchiniana d ' O r b. Bel. extensis Trautsch. . . Ich tyosaurus, , , , ;

Am.

Jason Z i e t, Am. alternans B u c h Pholadomia clatrata Munst. 15 , http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (1856-1881 .) - , ". , Ammonites biplex d ' O r b. , - Aucella mosquensis Fisch. .

, " ;

, , . , " ( ).

" ", , , , (. 18). , ( . - ..), , .

(1874, . 4 3 ) : " , . 18. Ammonites discofalcatus Lahusen [=Simbirskites discofacatus (Lahusen)] (. II, . 2 : , 1874) http://jurassic.ru/ I. .

, - , A p t i e n ". .

1875 . .. " ", . Ammonites discofalcatus L a h u s e n [=Simbirskites discofalcatus], Ammonites versicolor Trautschold [=Speetoniceras versicolor] . Aucella m o s q u e n s i s " " , Inoceramus Aucella Astarte porrecta Ammonites fulgens, Ammonites Deshayesi Am. bicurvatus, , (Trautschold, 1875).

, Ammonites discofalcatus La husen [=Simbirskites discofalcatus], Ammonites versicolor Trautschold [=Speetoniceras versicolor], Inoceramus Aucella Astarte porrecta, .

1876 . . (Neumayer, 1876). , :

1. ( );

2. Cosmoceras Jason Stephanoceras coronatum, , ( ) ;

3. Amal theus cordatus;

4. Amaltheus alternans ( );

5. Perisphinctes virgatus ( ) ;

6. Perisphinctes virgatus Amaltheus catenulatus;

7. Perisphinctes fulgens ( , . , . );

8.

( ). , Cosmoceras Jason Amaltheus alternans, , .

http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (18561881 .) 1877 . , , , (Trautschold, 1877, s. 4 7 9 ) : , ( );

, - , - . , , - . Ammoinites fulgens , . , .

.. , . .. , , 2 5 0 . : Kachpu rites fulgens (Trautschold) Craspedites subditus (Trautschold) - , Ringsteadia cuneata (Trautschold) - - , Speetoniceras versicolor (Trautschold) - versicolor .

- Coccoteuthis hastiformis Riipp. [=Trachyteuthis zhuravlevi E. G e k k e r et R. G e k k e r ].

, . (1966, . 161), " . - , ".

1878 . (1878) . Amaltheus Frearsi [=Cadoceras http://jurassic.ru/ 92 I. .

frearsi ( d ' O r b i g n y ), Amaltheus Tcheffkini [=Rondiceras tcheffkini ( d ' O r b i g n y ) ], Amaltheus Elatmae [=Cadoceras elatmae (Nikitin)], - . . .. - Amaltheus tenuicostatus [=Cardioceras tenuicostatus (Nikitin)], Amaltheus alternoides [-Amoeboceras alternoides (Nikitin)], Amaltheus tuberculato-alternans [-Amoeboceras tuberculatoalternans (Nikitin)].

3.3. .. 1874 1882 . .. , .

1874 . , (Vischniakoff, 1874). - . . . , . , . , Gryphaea dilatata Sowerby, . . . (1966, . 11), , 1884 .: " 17 , . ".

1875 . . . (Vischniakoff, 1875) , . . Aspidoceras .

1878 . , http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (18561881 .) (Vischniakoff, 1878). : . .. , , . , (, - ) , .

1882 . .. (. 19) "Description des Planulati (Perisphinctes) Jurassiques de M o s c o u " (Vischniakoff, 1882) - , (.

9, 10) (. 6, ). tPKBlSCHISCTKS) JURASSIQUES DE MOSCOU CON TENANT UN ATLAS BE PLANCHES . 19. .. " ...", 1882 .

http://jurassic.ru/ I. ..

, Perisphinctaceae Steinmann, 1890 Perisphinctida, ( "planulati", , Perisphinctidae s.l.

- ). ' - Acuticostites, Virgatites, Zaraiskites, Dorsoplanites, Lomonosovella, Pavlovia . Choffatia Indosphinctes;

Desmosphinctes Kranaosphinctes. . . Dorsoplanites panderi. . . (1890) . . (1966). . . , (, 1990;

., 1999).

. . Ammonites dorsoplanus [=Dorsoplanites dorsoplanus], Am. Lo monossovi =[Lomonosovella lomonossovi], Am. Scythicus [=Zaraiskites scythicus], Am. Sosia [=Virgatites sosia] (, 1993).

, . .. 1892 .: " , ;

" (. : , 1965, . 61). . , , .

1882 . , ;



Pages:     | 1 | 2 || 4 | 5 |   ...   | 8 |
 
 >>  ()





 
<<     |    
2013 www.libed.ru - -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .