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.. (XIX - XX .) ...

-- [ 4 ] --

"R. Friedlander & Sohn". , 1930 . , . , .

http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (18561881 .) 3.4. .. 1879 . .. (Milache witch, 1879), , .. . ( - ). . . , , Macrocephalites. " " . , ( 1 9 9 8, . 2). .

.. , , . , , . , , .

.. , , (1947, .51), " , , , ".

- ( , 1881). , 70- X I X . . , - " , http://jurassic.ru/ I. .

. ;

" ( , 1 8 8 1, . 134). , , , . ( , -, , 1872 .

-), . ( ) , " , , ".

, , , , .

, , 5 : l.cAmalteuthissubclypeiformis[=Garniericeras subclypeiforme (Milaschevitsch)];

2. Perisphinctes virgatus [=Virgatites virgatus ( B u c h ) ] ;

3. Amaltheus alternans [=Amoeboceras alternans ( B u c h ) ] ;

4. Amaltheus cordatus [=Cardioceras cordatum (Sowerby)];

5. Amaltheus tcheffkini [=Rondiceras tcheffkini ( d ' O r b i g n y ) ]. K.O. : - , - , - Oppelia tenuilobata Peltoceras b i m a m m a t u m Peltoceras transversarium ;

- Aspidoceras b i a r m a t u m - Peltoceras athleta Simoceras anceps . K. O. , .

. . . . .. (1885, . 1) : " .. , http://jurassic.ru/ 3. ... (1856-1881 .) . .. , . , , , ".

, (1885, .8). : " , [- - ..], , ".

, . .

(1733-1881 .) (. 1):

1. (1733-1789 .). (.. , .. , .. , .. ) (... ).

2. (1809-1850 .). . , , (.. ). , (. , .. , http://jurassic.ru/ I. ..

. , . . ). , (.. . ) ( . . ). (.. , . . , . . , . , .. , .. , . ' ) (.. ).

3. , (1856-1881 .). (.. , .. , .. , . . ). .

. , , - . ( . ), (.. ). . . , (, , , ). (.. , . . ).

http://jurassic.ru/ Per aspera ad astra (.) ( ) II (1881-2000 .) () (1881-1966 .) 4.1. .. .. 1881 . .

1881 . .. " , ". , , : 1. Stephanoceras compression;

2. Amaltheus Leachi;

3. Amaltheus cordatus;

4. Amaltheus alternans;

5.

Perisphinctes virgatus;

6. Neumayria fulgens;

7. Perisphinctes subditus.

, : , 2 - , http://jurassic.ru/ 100 II. ...

3 - 4 - . .. , , . 5, 6 7 , " , , , , ". , , " , " ( , 1881, . 37).

.. , , , , , . " " ( , . 4 9 ) : , , , , , , " ". , .

- , , , : -Amaltheus Mologae [=Quenstedtoceras mologae (Nikitin)] (. 20), Stephanoceras Milaschevici [=Rondiceras milaschevici (Nikitin)], Cosmoceras transitionis [=Kosmoceras transitionis Nikitin], Nautilus Wolgensis [=Cenoceras volgensis (Nikitin)], - Perisphinctes bipliciformis [=Epivirgatites bipliciformis (Nikitin)], Perisphinctes Stschurowskii [=Laugeites stschurowskii (Nikitin)].

, 1881 ., , . ( ) : - Stephanoceras Elatmae ("Macrocephalenschicht"), http://jurassic.ru/ 4. ... (1881-1966 .) . 20. Amaltheus Mologae [=Quenstedtoceras mologae (Nikitin)] (. 1, . 11, 12 : , 1881) ;

2 - Stephanoceras Milaschevici - 3 - Amaltheus cordatus Amaltheus alternans - (Nikitin, 1881, s. 99).

1886 . . (, 19666, . 83), , . , Cephalopoda, , . , , . , , " ". , .

.. , , . " http://jurassic.ru/ 102 II. ...

" (1883) , Ammonites fulgens . , , . . , , " . , . - " ( , 1883, . 4 ). , , : 1) Ammonites virgatus;

2) Rhynchonella oxyoptycha, Waldheimia Fischeriana;

3) - - Belemnites russiensis Ammonites fulgens. , - " . subditus .

catenulatus" ( , . 5).

, , . .

(. 7, ) ( ): 1) . alternans, 4 ( ) ;

2) - , , . virgatus, 1 ( );

3) - 2 , 8.5 ( );

4) - - Rhynchonella oxyoptycha, Waldheimia Fischeriana . virgatus - 0.7 ( );

5) . fulgens Bel. russiensis - 1 ( );

6) - , Aucella mosquensis, . catenulatus, .

subditus - 1.2 ( ). . : " . , http://jurassic.ru/ 4. ... (18811966 .) , . , 6- ;

. " ( , 1883, . 6-7).

1882 . , . 10- . .

1883 . .. , , : , Cosmoceras Gowerianum Cardioceras Chamusseti Stephanoceras Elatmae;

, Perisphinctes mutatus;

, Cardioceras Lamberti;

Cardioceras cordatum (, 1883).

.. , , (Kiprijanow, 1883). , - , , . .. Thaumatosaurus mosquensis, , Ammonites virgatus. , T h a u m a t o s a u r u s m o s q u e n s i s .

.. (1912) , Pliosaurus macromerus Phil., - Pliosaurus Frearsi Fischer. http://jurassic.ru/ 104 II. ...

Thaumatosaurus mosquensis. , , . - . . , .

1884 . 56- ( , , , ), , ( - . ) :

- ( : - Cadoceras Milaschevici, - Quenstedtoceras Leachi);

- ( : - Cardioceras cordatum, - Cardioceras alternans);

- ( Perischinctes virgatus);

- ( - Oxynoticeras fulgens b - Olcostephanus subditus) ( , 1884, . 5 0 - 5 5 ).

, .. " " - , , . . 1845 . ( Ammonites virgatus Ammonites catenulatus, ).

. . 1883 . . " ", 1884 . ( 1883 .). , (. : , 1966, . 14-15):

- , Stepha noceras macrocephalum k - , Stephanoceras coronatum http://jurassic.ru/ 4. ... (1881-1966 .) - , Cosmoceras ornatum Cardioceras lamberti 0 - Cardioceras cordatum 0 - Cardioceras alternans - , Perisphinctes virgatus Belemnites absolutus - , ( Perisphinctes nodiger Perisph. kaschpuricus, Oxynoticeras fulgens Perisph. okensis).

, . , Perisphinctes okensis cTOrbigny Perisphinctes subditus Trautschold, - Perisphinctes kaschpuricus Trautschold Oxynoticeras catenulatum Fischer.

, ( , ) , .

, . , , .

, , - - ," , , - , (. 2 1, 22).

, in situ, ", " - Perisphinctes virgatus Buch, P. quenstedti Rouillier . , http://jurassic.ru/ 106 II. ...

. 21. .. . (. 1 . 23 : , 1883) . 22. .. . , 4 $ " - , - Am. cf. stenocyclus Font., / - Perisph. okensis d'Orb., Perisph. subditus Tr."

(. 3 . 31 : , 1883) , Cardioceras alternans. , " , http://jurassic.ru/ 4. ... (1881-1966 .) , " (, 1966, . 26). , " " ( ). , , , " , Oppelia tenuilobata - " ( , . 2 7 ). " , Oppelia tenuilobata" - ( , . 28), - " , ".

, . ( );

Oppelia tenuilobata Oppel, ( ) ;

Cardioceras cordatum Sowerby.

, , Oppelia tenuilobata, .

, " ;

., , " ( , . 39). - http://jurassic.ru/ 108 II. ...

, , . , " " ( , . 40).

(18886), (1890) . . . . , (20Q3) 1 9 9 9 - 2 0 0 1 ., , .

1885 . , - . , Cadoceras Elatmae , Cadoceras Milaschevici Reineckia anceps. Cardioceras cordatum Aspidoceras perarmatum, Cardioceras alternans , .

.. , Perisphinctes virgatus , " Olcostephanus nodiger " (1885, . 88). , " , Perisphinctes virgatus , Olcostephanus nodiger, " ( , . 89). 1881 1884 .

http://jurassic.ru/ . 1. , (Buch, 1840) http://jurassic.ru/ . 2. "The G e o l o g y o f Russia in Europe and the Ural Mountin" I, .. http://jurassic.ru/ Zaraiskilcs qucnstcdti (Rouillier et 1 ahrenkohl) Dorsoplanites panderi (d'Orbigny) Kachpurites fulgens (Trautschold) Zaraiskilcs scylhicus (VischniakolT) Craspedites subdilus (Trautschold) . 3. ( ) http://jurassic.ru/ . 4. , (Trautschold, 62) http://jurassic.ru/ . 5. Coccoteuthis hasiformis (Ruppen) [= Trachyteuthis zhuravlervi (Hecker et Hecker)]. , Dorsoplanites panderi.

. . , http://jurassic.ru/ . 6. Vischniakoff "Description des Planulati.

( 1 8 8 2 ), http://jurassic.ru/ . 7. () X I X - X X .

( http://jurassic.ru/ . 8. ( ) . , .

( .. , 2 0 0 0 .) http://jurassic.ru/ 4. ... (1881-1966 .) a w i mas ;

. .union ASPIDOCERAS ACANTHICUM iS04rt4HI .

.vii4o\m MSt A ASHB08AS ACAIfRICiiK . 23. .. " ...", 1886 .

1886 . " A s p i d o c e r a s acanthicum " (. 23). Aspidoceras acanticum, , 2 , Exogyra virgula Goldf. 8 . , , : " , , Perisphinctes, . Exogyra virgula , " (. : , 19666, . 4 9 ). , Exogyra http://jurassic.ru/ 110 II. ...

virgula " Hoplites Aspidoceras Oppelia tenuilobata A s p i d o c e r a s a c a n t h i c u m " ( ). Cardioceras alternans B u c h.

8 Aspidoceras, 8 Hoplites, 5 - , 5 - Perisphinctes, 2 - Cardioceras 2 Oppelia, " ". , -Hoplites jasonoides, . ambligonius, Schloenbachia jasikowi, - .

, " ", , . . . , Aspidoceras acanthicum.

, " Aspidoceras acanthicum, , .. Oppelia tenuilobata - Hoplites pseudomutabilis Aspidoceras beckeri... Aspidoceras acanticum , , Cardioceras cordatum Perisphinctes virgatus , Cardioceras alternans" ( , 19666, . 7 3, 74).

, .

1880- . . - (1846-1903) - , , - .

http://jurassic.ru/ 4. ... (1881-1966 .) , . 1885 .

.. -, , " ". Oppelia teniulobata . , Cadoceras elatmae. " " Cadoceras milaschevici [Rondiceras milaschevici (Nikitin)]. , Aspidoceras longispinum Hoplites eudoxus, , Hoplites eudoxus. , Oppelia teniulobata . , . . " " (-, 1885, . 827).

1886 . . . 1884 . , - , " ". . - , . , . , , . " , , - (1886, . 6), - - , - http://jurassic.ru/ 112 . ...

, - ( , , , ) ;

, , , .

".

. . , , Oppelia, Perisphinctes. Oppelia teniulobata.

(18866) . , - , - - . , , , . - , , .

1886 . .. - - , , , , , , , . , , , . : " , , , , ( ) " ( , 1886, . 104). .. http://jurassic.ru/ 4. ... (1881-1966 .) , , " , " ( ).

" ", , 1886 . , . . (1887, . 23) , " , " ( ). , - , , .


, 1888 , ( ).

. , , , . , , . , , .

" " , , , , . : Hoplites subrjasanensis Nikitin [=Rjasanites subrjasanensis], Hoplites swistowianus Nikitin [=Rjasanites swistowianus], Olcostephanus spasskensis Nikitin [=Surites spasskensis].

http://jurassic.ru/ II. ..

, , , . Hoplites rjasanensis ( - rjasanensis -..) Perisphinctes virgatus, .. , : " Hoplites rjasanensis Berrias " ( , 1888, . 90). , Perisphinctes virgatus Hoplites rjasanensis . -, - , . , 1892 ., , , Hoplites rjasanensis Virgatites virgatus, " V. virgatus ;

. , ( Hoplites rjasanensis ..) , , , " (, 1965, . 112).

, Olcostephanus okensis Oxynoticeras fulgens " " ( , 1888, . 139), Olcostephanus nodiger Olcostephanus versicolor ( , . 140). , , .

, Hoplites rjasa nensis, . Olcostephanus nodiger Olcostephanus http://jurassic.ru/ 4. ... (1881-1966 .) versicolor ( ), , 1884 .

" ", , . " ( ) " (1889, . 7).

, , " , - " ( , . 12).

O l c o s t e p h a n u s versicolor, Olcostephanus decheni Pecten crassitesta ( ). , , " " ( , . 4 0 ).

1888 . . , " , , " ( 1 8 8 8, . 25).

.. Perisphinctes virgatus Perisphinctes nikitini, :

Oxynoticeras fulgens, Olcostephanus subditus Olcostephanus nodiger Olcostephanus kaschpuricus. Perisphinctes nikitini.

.. http://jurassic.ru/ 116 II. ...

Aucella Pallasi, Perisphinctes virgatus, Aucella mosquensis, Perisphinctes virgatus, Perisphinctes nikitini, Oxynoticeras fulgens Olcostephanus subdites, Aucella volgensis, Olcostephanus nodiger Olcostephanus kaschpuricus.

1890 . " . ", . , , () , , , , . (1888), .


, . , , : " ( - ..) , , . ;

" (, 1965, . 133).

, , Olcostephanus blakei, Oxynotyceras fulgens Perisphinctes virgatus. ( ): 1) Perisphinctes virgatus, 2) Olcostephanus blakei, 3) http://jurassic.ru/ 4. ... (1881-1966 .) Olc. subditus Oxynoticeras catenulatus, 4) Olc. nodiger Ox. subclypeiforme.

.. (1890, . 31) : " ( Perisphinctes virgatus - . .) Oxynoticeras catenulatum , (.. - ) ( Perisph. Nikitini R h y n c h o n e l l a o x y o p t y c h a , ) ". , (1888), Perisphinctes nikitini. - Epivirgatites nikitini - , - ( ., 1995).

, , , . , Belemnites lateralis , , . . . . " , , - . - , , , (), . , . , , , , , " (, 1965, . 142).

, , . ( , . 145):

http://jurassic.ru/ 118 II. ...

Perisphinctes virgatus . Perisphinctes virgatus , . Perisphinctes virgatus .

Ammonites catenulatus, , .

Ammonites speetonensis Olcostephanus versicolor Inoceramus aucella.

( Ammonites virgatus w Ammonites catenulatus, , ) , .

.. , : " Bel. lateralis ( ) (?), " ( , 1890, . 31).

1890 . " " " ", .

, . 1845 . . 1846 . 5- . 1862 .

, 1870 . .

.. (Nikitin, 1877) " " . . . http://jurassic.ru/ 4. ... (18811966 .) . , . , Crioceras matheroni d'Orbigny, . . , " , " (, 19656, . 192). , - .

1890 . . . " ". , , . . . , . Olcostephanus acuticostatus [=Acuticostites acuticostatus], Perisphinctes Zaraiskensis [=Zaraiskites zarajskensis], Perisphinctes Tschernyschovi [=Zaraiskites tschernyschovi], Perisphinctes Pavlovi [=Pavloviapavlowi], Perisphinctes Nikitini \=Epivirgatites nikitini], .

. , : " , " ( , 1890, . 320). , (1892, . 4 5, 46): " , , , . , , , , http://jurassic.ru/ 120 II. .

. , , ...".

1892 . . . . , . .

, . , : Virgatites, Craspedites, Polyptychites, Simbirskites (: , 1965, ).

" " , (), .

Simbirskites subinversus S. payeri S. decheni, S. speetoniceras S. discofalcatus . . A m m o n i t e s gravesiformis A. keyserlingi . " " ( : , 1965).

.. , , " ", .. . , : " , , , , , , , " ( , 1893, . 38).

1892 . .. , . http://jurassic.ru/ 4. ... (1881-1966 .) , - , " " , , 1892 . " " " Hoplites rjasanensis ". - Hoplites rjasanensis, , , . , . , . . , Olcostephanus nodiger Eichwald [=Craspedites nodiger (Eichwald)], Oxynoticeras subclypeiforme Milaschevitsch [=Garniericeras subclypeiforme (Milaschevitsch)], O l c o s t e phanus subditus Trautschold [=Craspedites subditus (Trautschold)] Oxynoticeras catenulatum Fischer [=Garniericeras catenulatum (Fischer)], .. " " ( ). .. , , , Hoplites rjasanensis " " ( ), . , " . Hoplites rjasanensis , , . " ( , 1892, . 189).

(18926, . 320), " Hoplites rjasanensis , , - ". , Hoplites rjasanensis , , , .

.. , . . 1892 ., , http://jurassic.ru/ 122 II. ...

. rjasanensis , - , " ", , ( 1 8 9 8, . 7). , .. .. .

1895 . , 1892 1893 . . Hoplites rjasanensis, " ". (1895) . ( ): , - ;

- , Olcostephanus hoplitoides, Olcostephanus glaber, Olcostephanus Igovensis, , Belemnites russiensis. , , . : Aucella mosquensis, Aucella fischeri, Aucella volgens, Belemnites russiensis, Hoplites rjasanensis, Hoplites swistovianus, , , .

.. , , , , " Olc. nodiger" (1895, . 84).



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