, , ,

<<


 >>  ()

.

XIX.)

. 2009

3

82.0(035.3)

83

75

:

.,,

;

.,,

-

.

.

.

4,.

( 75 XIX.) : /..

:, 2009. 161.

ISBN 978-985-515-178-5 XIX., :,,.

,,.

83.0(0.35.3) ., ISBN 978-985-515-178-5 , ... 1.

XIX .. 2.

: ...

2.1. , :

.. 2.1.1.

,

... 2.1.2.

.. 2.2.

:

...... 2.2.1. :

? 2.2.2. . 2.3.

. 2.3.1.

.. 2.3.2.

3.

: .

3.1. : .. 3.2. . 4.

:

.......................... 4.1.

. 4.2.

. .

,.

:,,., , [209,.237].,,.,,,,, ,,.

, ( ).,,,.

,,, (,,, ).

, , , , ,

, , , , ( , , .), , , , , , , , , , ., ., , ,, XIX XX..

XIX.

, :,,,,.,,, ,, [96,.3]..

XIX. ,

(1828), (1834), (1844),

(1835), (1846),,.

.

,.

,,,,,,,.

, [190], [224], [36], [46], [299].

XIX XX.;

;

;

XIX XX..

,,,, (,,.).

, .

,,,,,,, [260;

34;

38;

130;

243;

138;

278;

298].

.,. .,,, [120;

254;

266;

145];

[144];

[294].

[121] . [123] ,. [280].

,

. [261] ,.,, [169;

170;

165;

227];

,,,,, [27;

146;

151;

288;

131].

[40], [203], [126;

226].

[2] [4].

[296].

. [29;

50].

XIX.

,,, [168;

124;

245;

235;

236];

[77];

[173];

, [162;

133].

,,, [244;

276;

179;

69];

[99];

[49]. [194].,,,,, [24;

9;

195;

259;

240;

52],.

[236], , [277],.

[297] [300], .

. ,, ,, [246;

141;

285], ,,.

[129;

142;

215];

,. [86;

76];

[125].

,,, [47;

48].

,, [20;

22;

79;

8], :,,. [41;

, 86;

55]. [143],

. [17;

152;

153].

[242], [18]. [255], XX XXI.

,, ( [74]) ( [295]).

XX.

,.

[274] [154].

, XIX,, :, [274,.42], ;

, XIX., :. XIX,,, [274,.504].

,. [274,.245].

.,,,.

,,.

, : ,, [154,.356]. :,,.

[270], 1830 1840-. [30], XVII XIX.

[10] [229].

[10].

1820 30-., , ,, , [10,.7 8],,,,.,,.

[229] XIX. ,,,,,.

, [229,.7].

, [25,.10],,.

,, 1960-.,,,, [66,.163].

, [15,.131 132]. (,, ),,.,,,,.

,,, (, ).

,,, Ego, [53].

[66,.117],, ,.,, [25,.8].

,,,, [291].

. [71],,,.

,, ,.

. : , ;

,,, [72,.284].,,.

,. ?,, , ?, ( ) ( ) [150,.149].

,.

[219;

220;

221], ,.

: [15,.231].

,

, [150], .

. ,, [66,.124]. XX : XIX /

, [274,.509].,. , ,,,, [274,.504]. :,,,, ,.

, , [274,.503].

,.

: 1) ;

2), ( );

3)., ( ) [98,.27].,, , ( ).

,, [187;

233;

32] [98].,.

,,.,.

,,,,.

, [274].

,..

., XX :,,,,,,,,,,,, [33,.16].

.

,,,,,,,,,,,,.

1960-. : ,,,,., ,. ,. [287,.7].

[13,.388 389].

: 1) ;

2)..

., [167,.431].

[134], [200], [167;

171], [183].

,, : [12], [237], [150].

[96],.

(. narratologie,. narratology. narrare ) .

XIX.

,

, : ;

, ;

[96,.6];

,, [96,.5].

,,,.

:

,.,,.

,,.

,.

: I. : ;

II.

: 1) ;

2) ;

3) ;

4) ;

5) ;

6) ;

7).,.

,, ;

, ;

,. XIX.

XIX XIX.,,,,,,,,,,,,,,.

,.

,., XIX,, ,,.

XIX . : 1803 1804. ( ), 1805 1808. ( ), 1826. ( ), 1831. ( ). : 1828. (. ), 1839. ( ). : 1814. ( ). : 1826. ( ).

XIX (, ),.

, ),., ,,,,.

, .

1789 1794.

,

[147,.11]. (,, )., ., ,,, (1796) : , , [.

: 289,.175 176].

XVIII XIX..,.

XIX., (,,,.),,.

, XIX.

1812. 1825.

:, [172,.284].

:

1812. 1825., [172,.284].

(1815),, :,,., ( , , .), 1825., 1855.

: ,,, [186,.49].

, 1825. [176,.11].,. , ,, [176,.12]. 1825.,, , [176,.14].

, , [176,.14].

, ,, [176,.14].

XIX.

[185,.296]:

(,,,.).

, ,, [191,.354].

, I.

,

..

,,,,, , : ,,,,,,,,,, NN [. : 191,.355].

, I

1836.

,.,, :

/ ;

/./,/,/ ;

/,/,/ (..) [211,.210].

,,,, , [191,.593].

:,.,

, XIX, ;

;

,,, ;

,.

XIX.. XIX,, XVIII, XIX ;

, ;

,.

,,,,..

, XVIII,..,,, : ,, ;

,.

;

,, [274,.192].

XVIII :, : /, [67,.75].

,, ., XVIII,., ( 1776.), XVIII , ,,,, [10,.12].

XIX [56,.158], ,.

.,,,,,, .,,.

, 30 40- XIX,.,,.

,. ,

,..).

,,,,.

XIX,,,. [6,.9] :

.

.,

, .

(, ),, , ,, [122,.448 449].

XIX.

:, [263,.333]., , ,, [80,.268]. [248,.103].

, 20- XIX., 1829. .,, :.

, ., ,, ..,, .

[. : 270, c.91]., ,,.

30-.

(1834),.

,,,,.,, [52,.47].

1834.

,, . :, (,, ),,, , ( ), (,,,,, [. : 270,.94]).,,,,. [. :

270,.95].,,, :

.

XIX., :,,,, ;

, (,, );

, :

, .,,,,.

20-.

XIX ,,,,, ;

,,, [23,.298].

, XVIII., 10-, XIX., 20 30-.,, ( , , ,, ).

.,.,,,.

,,,,,,,,.

, [19,.15].

.

( ),,,. ( ), ,. : / , / , / . ,,.

,.,,,.

,.,,,,.,.

. ,,, [43,.14].,,, (,, )., ,,.

,, [240,.39]. ,,, [1,.34]. ( ) :,, ,.

,,., [42,.393],.

[43,.16],,,,.

(,,,,, ), [43,.10].

,,, : ? XIX, .

, ;

[11,.24].,, ,, [238,.425].

,, , ,

[39,.9].

,,,.

,,,. (,, ),,,.

(, ),, , ,,

[159,.113].,,.

, [274,.63].

,,.

, .

,,, [77,.35].,, :,,,.,,, : [77,.37].

,.

,,.,, ,,, [46,.181],,. [284,.33],.

,,,,,.

,, .,,, ;

.

,,.,,, alter ego [190,.94].

.,,,,.

, :

,,,.

,.

., , [7,.92],, ( , .).

, [250,.27],, ., :,.

:, );

, [258,.47] (.

);

, ( ., ).

(1776 1822).

[. : 259,.52],,.

XIX.

, (, ). .

(1808) (1814)., ( ).

,.

,,,,, ( , , , ).

20 40-. ( . ), ( , , )., : ( ), ( ), ( ), ( ).,,, .,,, ( ,

).

:

, ,,,,,, [67,.79].

, .

,.,, :,,,,,, [58,.577].

:,,., [299,.148],,,.

,.

,.

,, , , .

1833.,

[180,.301].,,, [180,.301].

,,,,.,,,.

,

.

.,, .,, [180,.303].

. , ( ).

, : ,, ,,, [180,.302].., .,,.

. , (..) [212,.182, 183] : /,,,/,,/ [196,.181].

;

.

.,,, :

:,,, [213,.523].

,,,,.

,,,,.

, XIX (,,, ),. XIX :,,,,,,.,,.,.

/, / !/,/ /, !

[213,.523] :

2.1.

, :

2.1.1.

,

, , ,, [260,.14].

.,.

1807.

, (1818), , ,, [130,.16].,, ;

;

[176,.7 8].., , ,, [.: 100,. 770].

1.

, , 1812 ( 1813 1816.).

, : (1814), (1816), (1815) [260,.8].. .

,,. [34,.56 68].

,,.

[243,.145].,,,, ,.

.

,.,, ,,.: 176,.7 9.

,,, ,, , ,

.

:

, ,, [260,.15].

. , :. ,.

,,..

20-. XIX, .

,,.

, ..

,., :

,. , [206,.85], [206,.59],,,. :, [298,.81].

,. , !.. , ;

,,

[206,.84].,,,

[206,.59]. :,, [206,.158].

, :, [206,.137].,, [206,.157].

,,,,.,.

,,.

.,., :

[279,.8].,,.

,,,,.

.

, : ? [206,.99].

, : ,,,,.,,

[206,.87].

,.

:,, [38,.12].

,,,,

, [206,.87].

( ),,,. , : ,, [34,.63].

,,,, 20-. XIX, .

.

2.1.2.

.

[38,.12], ,,., ,.

., (,,,, ,.,,,. [287,.79].

,,,. ( ), ( ) [287,.81].

), ( )., ( : , , ), [206,.24 25]. ,,,, ( ), ( ) 1,.

,,, ,,.

.

,. :

? : ,, [206,.28]. : .,, Doppeltganger.

[206,.30].

,, [136,.26].

.,,,,., ,,, [205,.200].,,,,,.

[38,.16].

, [287,. 90 93].

,, [287,. 64].

,,,, ,, [245,.215].

,,,,,.

,, :

,.,, ,, .

. ,. ,,, , . :,, ? ? ?,, : [206,.31].

:

.

,,.

,,,.

,, :

,,, ., , ., , , [287,.70].

. ..

[204,.506],, :

, ,.

(,,, **, [206,.58]),.

, :.,., [260,.14]:

( ), ( ) ;

,,,.2,., [38,.15].

:,,,. , ( ),,,.

.:,.

/ / /. ., 1985. . 3 22.

.

.,,, [286,.58 59].

.,,.

,,,, , [175,.140]., , [138,.53].

. : , [56,.85];

, [254,.148],,.,,.

, ;

, ,,,,

[206,.34].

,.

, .,.

,, :,.

,. , .

,,.

.,,.

:.

.

, (,, ), ., ,, ,, [206,.85 86].

.. ,,,.

:,, ;

,,.

,,,., [260,.13].

,,,.

. :

.

:,, .

.,,, .

,,.

,

,, : ,,. ,,, !.. [206,.157].

,,,.

( ),, (, ,,,, , [206,.51]).

,.,, :

, ! ! [206,.45].

..,,,,,.

,,. ( / ).

:,,,,.

, , , ,,.

,,,.,, ,,,,.

,.

,.

, ,,.

,.

, : [265,.254].

,

.

,.,,, [206,.46],,.,,.

.

,,. : .

,,,, (, ).

,,, [278,.602].,.

, :, .

/,. :

.

,.,,., :,,. :, ;

, [206,.156].,,,.

, ,.

,,,, :.

, ,.

,.

, ,, ( ), (.: ).

,.

,,.

,,

[206,.103],.

: [206,.110].

,,.,.,,.

(, ;

),,.

,,,.

,, ;

,, [92,.226, 227].

(, ),,,, ( .,

[249,.193 194]).

,,, / )..

,.

.,

.. :

.

. ,,.

,.

. (, ),, ..,.

,, .

/. .,, .

,, : :

,,,, [206,.85].,

,.

/.

,,,. ,,,. ,,,.

, (, ),.

,..,, :,,.

[206,.45], ;

,, [206,.84].

.,,,.

, , : , ;

,,.,.

....,, **,. . ,., :

,, . , :,.

.

,,,.

,,,..,,,,.,,.

:, , ;

,,.

,, .

,, ,.

: (,.) ( ).,. ( ) [206,.142].,,,.

,,.

,, : ;

;

.

,.

., :

.,. :,,,. :

,,. ,,,, ,.( ) [287,.121].,.

, :, ( ),,,. , [287,.123]. , :,,, [287,.123]. .

, [287,.124].

, [287,.125]. , , , [287,.125 126].

: [287,.127].

.,,., 10 ),.

,, , :,,,, [206,.28].

,,..,,.

:, [268,.308].

[216,.13],.

.

,,,.,.,,,..

,.

,

.

. .

,.

,. ,.

,,.

,, , [137,.43],,.

,,,,, .

.,,,, .

,,, [3,.19].

.,,.

.

,,. : , ?

, ?, ,, !, ,, !. [206,.24 25].

,.

.

,, [3,.23] .

.

,.,.

.

,,,,, ;

,,.

, , ,,,, ,,,,., :

( ) ( ).,,.

2.2.

:

2.2.1. :

?

,,. ,.

[123,.19]. , .

,,,..

.,.,.

[120,.274], [266,.29].,..,.,

,,.

, , (,, ) , (,, ).

: .

,.

.,,,. [207,.101].

, : [207,.127].,, : [207,.131],.

[294,.21].

:, ;

.

. ;

, ?

[207,.119].

,,,.

,., , [207,.113].

, [207,.112],, ( ).

,. /,.

, ,, (. ) (. ).

,,,,, ).

,.

( , [207,.102]),.

,.

,, ( ).

,,,.

2.2.2.

.

, :,, [123,.4].,.

, , [282,.49]., , :,,,

[228,.9].,, : [204,.511]. .

.,. , :,, : [207,.89].,.

, Meister Floh,,, ,, [121, c.62].

,,. , ,,,. :,,. :

[207,.91]., , , [145,.12].

.

, ,. . ,.

,., ,.

,

.

:

, ,, ., ,,..

, [207,.92]. :, [207,.92];

..

:,,,,,,,.

, ( ),, .

:,. [207, c.94];

.

,. :, . :

,. .

, (,, :

? [207,.133]),.,,,.

,, ;

, .

,.

,,,. ,,.

,,,,,.

.,,, (. ) [287,.213].

, [207,.103],.

, ( ), , [280,.14]. , , , [207,.94]. : , ;

,, .

, [207,.94]. :

[207,.94].

,.

,.

,,, :,.,, !, ?

, ? [207,.100 101].

, [256,.39]. ,, [144,.101],,,. [155,.7],,,, [283,.147].

,.,, , [222,.241],., ,, , [28,.22].

, ,,., , [121,.61]. ;

,,.,,,,,.

: : ? !,, [207,.114].

, ,.

,.

,

[123,.19].

[121,.92]. , : , ! [.

: 123,.19].

,

,,.

, .

., , .

( ) ( ).

.,.,, . . / ,., ,.

.,, ,,.,.

,,.,

.

, :. ( [207,.105]),,, :

Schreckensfeld ..,,,,, ,,,.,.

,,,,,,,.

,. /.

. ,. , , ,. ;

! [207,.102].,,,.

.,,,,,,.

, :, .

, :, (, );

,.

/ :, ,.

,,., ? [207,.90].

,, : ?, ;

, ( ) [207,.91]...

/ .

,,,,.

, / .

,.

,,. :, , [207,.133],..,. ,..

, (,, [207,.90]), .

,

., .

( [207,.91]).

.

,,,. : , [207,.104], [207,.103], [207,.105].

:,, , [207,.105]. , [207,.115].,

, ,

[54,.12, 13].

, :,.

( )., ,.

, :

,, ,

) (, ) [207,.98].

, .

.

,,

.

, :.

.,,, [207,.91].

.

,,,, :, ?,, , , [207,.101].

.

.

,,, : :.

,, (..) [207,.101]. :

, , , . ( ), :,, , . : [207,.112].

, [121,.76].

:

,,,, [207,.114].

( ) :, .

[207,.133].

,,. , :., ?, .,, , .

( ). ,,, ,, [207,.98 99].

:,.

, , ,,. , [121,.444].

,, ,.

,.

(,, )., [16,.50].

, ;

., : ,,,,, [207,.96]., .

, ,.

,,.

,. ,..),, ;

[16,.50].

,, ,, [16,.50].

, ( ): :,,,,.

,,,,, [207,.99].

, [148,.117], ,.

.

.

,,,,. :

, , , [140,.83].

,,,.

,,, :

,,,.

, :. ,,, :,,,,.

, ,,

,,.,, ,.

,,,,,..

,, , ( ).

,,.

2.3.

2.3.1.

,,, [165,.261].

,,, [198,.7].,.

:,,, ;

,.

, ( ), ,,, [226,.11].

[203,.90].,.

[198,.19].

,

,.

, XIX.

, , 20 30-. XIX.

, XIX., 1832 :, , 1831.,,,.

!, ! [64,.78].

,,. .

,

[261,.213].

:,, , (, );

, ( Opere del Cavaliere Giambattista Piranesi

);

, , ,.

.

, ., [4,.68]. ,,,,.

, .

,. 30 40-. XIX,. ( , , ), ( , , , )., :, ;

,.

, ,.

[170,.337]., ,.

[170,.339].

.

.

., idee fixe:

;

;

;

;

, ;

, [198,.38].,.

.

, ,.

,.

., ,,, ,.

:

,,.,,.

:

[198,.181].

,., [198,.116].

, ( Opere del Cavaliere Giambattista Piranesi, , ).,..,,, .

,

.. [261,.245],,.,,.,,. :,

). :

[261,.264].

, : ), , [196,.201].

, ( ),, .

,,,.,.,,. ,. :

.

,

( ).

,., ..,, ., [31,.129], , [261,.202]., :,,,,,. (, , ).,,,,,, [196] [197].

,, ,, ( ).

.

?, 1836.

. , ? , , , . ,,, , [198,.25].

,, : , ,, ? [198,.26].

[198,.26],,.

,.

, :, !.,,, ;

? [198,.26].

, : :

,, ! [198,.24].

,,, ,. ., , , ,

[198,.26].

,.

[198,.26] -.

.,,.,.

/ .

, ,.. ,,,. , [290,.16]., ,.

2.3.2.

( ),,.

.

,

, :

,,,. 30 40-. XIX, [198,.15].,.,,,,.

, , [198,.8].

, ,, [198,.8]. ,,.

,,,.,,,,,.

,,. [126,.18] .

( ),,, , :,/,/ ., :.

/,,/ [198,.7].

,,,,., .

:

,,,, [198,.11, 12].

: , [198,.13].

:, ;

, .

,.,,., : [198,.26],,.,,.

.,, ,. ,,.

[27,.61], alter ego [265,.258].

, :, ;

,,,

;

,.,., [198,.173], , ., [49,.7],.

, .., , [151,.38].

,, :,,,.

. [198,.190], : [198,.77], [198,.100].

.

[290,.16].

,. ,, .,,. :, [198,.14].

,.,, ,.,. , [198,.132]. ,.

[40,.5].

,.,,,, .

, Opere del Cavaliere Giambattista Piranesi

,,.

,.,,, , : , [198,.28]..

,.

.,,.

, [198,.87],. : ,, ;

, , [198,.53].,,,.,, .

. : ;

,,, [198,.59].,, :

[198,.60].

,. , .

,.,.

: , [198,.81], [198,.81].,.

,.,,.

, : ;

. : [ ] [198,.96],. , , [198,.96].,.

.

,, ,,, [198,.104].,,,.

.

,,.

(,,, .). : [165,.263],.

,, XIX,.,,,.,,.

,,.

, :

,.

.

,,.,,,,, ,,

.

. ,,. , , [227,.357].,.,,,,,,,,.

,.

(,, ).

,

,. ,,,., , [29,.23]. ,,,.

( Opere del Cavaliere Giambattista Piranesi ).,..

,.,,.,, , [198,.24],,.

., ( , , , , ),.

,,.

( ). ,

., :

, [198,.128, 129],.

( ).

, .

,,,,,,.., .

,,,.

[40,.5].

(, ),,., ;

,.,,.,,,,,.

,, :,., : ( ), ( ) (, ).

(,, , ).,,

;

,, ;

,,.

,, .,,,,,

., .

,, ,,,,.

/,

)/ ( ).

/.,,,, . /, , [198,.93]., [2,.31],.,,,,, , [198,.82],,., [198,.92].

,,.

,,.

/ . ,. ,, . .,.,.

.

, :

, : , [197,.81].

,. ,,.

,,.

.

, ,,, :

,,..,, : ( / ), ( / ), ( ).

., , [151,.37].,, , [198,.139],, ;

, ,

[198,.139], [198,.140] ;

, [198,.140],, [198,.140].

:, ;

[198,.35].,.,,. : , .

,

:.

: ,,,,.

,,,,.,

, [146,.130].,,,. (..), ,, [198,.140]., [198,.140]. ,, [198,.92] ,.. ,, : .

,., , ide fixe ( ), ( ) [169,.132].

, [198,.8].

, .,,,,.

, [268,.308],.

, :

, . ,..

:,,,.,, [165;

169;

151]., :

, , [151,.38].,,,, : , .,.

,, , [91,.421 422]., :, ;

,.

:, , : ;

[198,.18].

., Desiderata ,.

,,.

.,.

., Opere del Cavaliere Giambattista Pi ranesi

.,.,.

, :,.

,.

,,.

,,, .

,. ,.

, , : ,, ;

, [198,.63].

(,, ) (,,,, ).,, (

,, ),, ( ) (, ).

, : ( / , / ), (, / ).,,, / . / . : 1) / ( );

2) / ( ).

.,,.

,.

.,

.,.

.,,., :

, :,, ,, , [198,.46].

, ,,.

,, ,,,. , XIX, (

) .

( ),.

,,,,.

(, ),..

,,, ) ( ) ( );

,, :

) ( ) ( ).

,,.

( ) ( ).

:,,.

,.,,.

.. .,,.

,,,,.

:

3.1.

:

XIX , .

.,, (,,.).

:,,,, ,,., ,. [252,.307].

XIX.

,,,,,, [36,.308].

, ,, 9 1766, ,, [.: 30,.226].

XIX.

. ( ) [36,.305, 307]. , [24,.198].

,., ,.

., : , [62,.76],, . .

, , [177,.196].

,.

[276,.221], [244,.257],.

, [63,.157], ( ),,.,.

, [21,.264],,.

,.,

[240,.187].

.,, [63,.287],,,.

(1834), ,,,, [99,.149].

,, 1834 ,,,,,. [.:

99,.149].

,

, ,,., .

, : .

! [63,.170].

:, ! [63,.170].

,

[24,.58], :

, ,,,.

, ,, [9,.60].

,,.

, ,.

,, ,. XIX.

, (..).

.

:

,.

( ). ,,.

,,.

,,, [52,.5]. XX.

(,,,,.).

XX (,,.)., ,, ,,,,, [195,.220]., , [217,.279]..

( ) (,.).

. , [96,.19].,, ,

[63,.157]., [177,.165]., ,. ,. , [210,.329].,..

, :

( ) ( ).

, . : [61,.83].

.

.,

).

:

,,, ,.,.,,.

,,

. [30,.265].

, ,.

, ,. [44,.69].,, ;

, ;

, . [234,.94]., :,. .

, ,,.

, ( ),., ,, [235,.87]., : ,, ,.,,,,.

,,, .,, 1830 1840,,,, [269,.97].

, , :

( ), ( );

,, ;

. ,, :,,.

.

3.2.

, .

1- [89,.39],,.

,,.

,

, (, ), ).

.

( 3 12).

., :,, [63,.153 154].,, : (..), ,,.., [63,.153]. :, ,, , [63,.154].,,,.

, [173,.126] . :

, ?, [63,.157].

, , 6,.

:

,.

, [173,.126]. :

. , : ,, , [210,.335].

.,,.,, :,.

( 13 8).

13-,,,., :, !

!, ! [63,.164].

.,. ,,, , [63,.164]. , [30,.336].

, :.

. [63, c.166].

, [30,.44].

( 2000 43 25). 2000 43 VII, ,. ( ), , . : , .

,, .

, ,, :

, , [157,.274 275].

, ,.

:

86 , ,

[63,.166, 168, 169]. , [267,.614].

( 34. 349).,

,,, ,, [223,.196].,,,,., , [292,.194].,,.

, :, ? [64,.172], [35,.57]. ,. (,,.)

.

,, ( ).,,., , , [128,.156].

,,,., ,.

.,,,.

:,,,,,,,,,,.

,,,,,.,, , ,.

, - , [183,.90].

.

,,,,,, [14,.139]. .

,,,,,.

,,, :, ,.

:,,,, [63,.166],,.

,,. .

,...

.,,.

,,,,,.

,,,,,, ( :. , , : , , [63,.154]), (,.

, [63,.154]).

, , ( ),. [97,.23],.

, ,.

,, .,,.,.

,,.

:,.

: :,

:

[210,.342].,,,.

,,, , : [24,.47];

: [259,.160]..

,

,..

:

),,,.

.

.

.

,,.

,., .,, :, (, ).,.

, ,,.

,,,,.

. ,,,,.

,,

.

.

,, :, .

, (. ).

., (..), " " [87].

, [168]. ,. ,, ,,, [214,.143].

/,, /. /. ,,.,,,,. ,,.

,

[160]:, ( ),

[160,.214, 215].

, ,, ;

, ,,.

,.,.

: [63,.153]:. : [272,.213].

, [162,.63].

,,.

., : :, ! !, [63,.155]..

.

,

XVIII XIX. , [161,.397].

, mi dzy,. ,.,,. :

, [202,.129],.,.,,,,,,,, , , [265,.266].

. ,, [272,.78]., [65,.53]. ,,,.

,.,,,,.

,.

: [63,.167].

,,.

( , ),,, :

, , [63,.164].

.,., , , : [63,.166].

,.

,.

:

( ),.

[24],, (,,.),.

( ): ( ), ( / ), ,,.

[24,.273 275].

, [297]., .

:. , [297];

:, .

:,,. ,, ! [63,.156].. ,, !,, :

, [182,.19]. [300,.6].

,,,,,.

,..

,,,. ,.

. 6-, [63,.157].

, , [297,.21].

.

:

.

,

,,, [133,.105]: ?, [63,.167]., :

, ( ).

4- 13- , ,. :.

. [63,.168].,, , : [63,.168].

( ),.

, ., [297,.20]. . ,.. .

, ) , ( ) ;

( ) , ( ) ;

, .

, ?

? [63,.172].

: , ,,, [63,.171].

:,, , , [63,.171].

: [63,.171],,,.

, ,.

,,.

.

( ), , - ( ).

..

.

: ., [63,.157]..

, :., !

[63,.157]. ,, , , [63,.163 164]. :.. :.,,,.

,.,.

,, ( ).

, ,,,,.

,, . .

,,.

( ).

,.,, ( ).

.

:

! !, :,, ! [63,.154, 156].

, [49,.297].

, : ,,,,,, , [49,.159].. ,,..

.,, ,.

.

(.: ).,,.,,,.

,,., ,. ,,,,,. [63,.156], , , [63,.167].

, ,, , :,,.

,,..

. ,.

(. ),,,.,.

, :

,.

,. .

.

,.,,,, ( ).

( ) :,.,, (, ),.,,.

,,, [85,.392].

,,., :,, ( ).,.

. , [36,.313],.

,.,.

.,.

, , ( 86 , 43 ),, (. , ..

) [63,.168]). : 34 [63,.171].

( , ). .,,

: ;

, ( ) [69,.303].,,, .

.

,.

,. :

,,,, [63,.168].,.

,.,. ?, : , [63,.164] (..).

. :..,

[69,.165]. :.. [69,.166].,,

[166,.51].

, ( )., ,., , [166,.50],,,.

,

[247,.179], .,,, .

,

.

.

, ( ) [36,.313].

, :

,,.,

,,,,,.

.

.

. 1-,. ( ). :

,.

,,.

, (, / / ), (, ).

.

.

:

4.1.

. , [188,.100]: ( ), ( ),, ( ),, ( ).

,, [5,.242]., :,, [184,.109].

, ,, , [153,.287].

,,..

,.

,. : :.,, [83,.51]. , ,.

,. ,,,, [59,.90]. (, ),., ,,,,, [88,.301].

.,.

,.,., 40-. ,, [293,.163].. . , 1846 [188,.188].

,,, XIX.,,,.

,, .

.,.

, ,,, [232,.114].

,,.

,, :[.].

..,., 1878;

.

......, 1880;

..,., 1880, [73,.256 271].

.

.

., , [199,.76].,.,,, , , [84,.53].,,,, [199,.80],,,, .

( ) , [37,.23]., ( , , ). [37,.23], .

, , ,,, [215,.162].

, , , ,, , [17,.70]. ,,, , [142,.27], .,.

, [267,.241].,,.

.,,, ,,., ;

.

(1846) .

,. ,, , :, [20,.33]. :,, [93,.69].

,,, ), :, ,,, ,.

.,.

,,,,, ,, :,,,,, [68,.45].

,,,,.

,,,,

,,.,.

.

, :, [189]., (1839):,, :, [273,.16].

,,,,,.

, 1847 :,, , ;

,,,,,, ..) [82,.31]..

,,.

[78;

129;

142.].,,., [129,.272].,,. :,,, ., [129,.272].

.

,,,,,,.,,,,.,, , [142;

242],.

.,, ,.

, [81,.186],.

,.

. : .,,. [242,.77 78].

,,.

.,,,.

, :,.

,, ;

[81,.121].

,,.,,, :

,,. . ;

;

[81,.117].

:,,,.

,.

.

,,..,, , [181,.171].,,, [181,.171].

,,., ,,

[81,.138].

,.

, :, ?.,, : , ,,, ,. [81,.167].

,, , , [76,.137].

, ., .,,.

.

, :,., .

( ),, [135,.149].

,, [269,.83].

, , [181,.110].

.

, ,, [139,.346]..

,, [127;

201;

281;

246].

, [127,.78 83].,.,.

.,,.

: ,, ;

, [201,.175 177].

,., :,,, [281,.74]. [246,.184].

: [215,.160].

:,. 30 40-. XIX.

,.

,,., [74,.59],.

:

, :

, , ?

,.

.,., : ,.., !

[22,.28]. , 170 , [79,.46].

. , ., [141,.235]. : ;

,, .,, [70,.72].

, . :) ;

) ;

) ;

) (,.);

) .

,., ,.

4.2.

:

;

.,, , ,, , )

[241,.35 36].

..

: :

, [275,.233].

,. , ,..

IIII):

.

,. ( ): ?

? ?,, (..),,, ?,, !, [81,.113].

,,,,.

, : ,, [81,.125].

IV, V):.. , ,

,.

,,.

, [148,.144]., :,.

, :, , [93,.81].,, :,, , , ,, [81,.146]. [231,.216], [156,.13].

VIXI):.

:

(, [81,.184]), ( [81,.191]).

.,, : ,.

XI XIII):

,,,,.

.,,,.

.

, [184;

253;

242;

262.]., : ( ) [253,.139].

,, , ., , [181,.169],,.

, , . ,,.

: , . [78,.60].,,,, ;

.

:,,,,, [136,.29].

, ,. 3- .

.

,

. ( ) :,,,,,,.

:

,.,, IV : : [193], [45],.

,.

1-,, : !

,,, [81,.129].

, , , [275,.230 233].,, :

.,,,, .

, , , . :,,.,, [81,.111].

IV, /., IV. :,., , [48,.139]. IV ,.

( /, /, / )., ,,, [75,.135].,, :,

,.

.

IV,,,.

.,.

,,,

, ,., (unreliable), (blackouts) [295,.178].

,, ,., , ,.

,,.,, [26,.348].

,

, .

. :

.

,., ( ).,, :,,,,,,,, ! [81,.186].

,.,.

,,,.

:,.,,,, [81,.169].

,.

XIII , .

,,.

, :

.

:

., ( ) ,,.

,.

.

.

, , , . ,.

,,,,. ,, :,, [95,.63].

,,.,.

.

,,, :,.

,,,.,.

,

.,.

,, ( )., ,.

,,,,.,,.

, [94,.16].

,.

.,,, : ( ) , [215,.195].

:,,, ( ).

,.

.

.

, ,.,,.,.

,, :,.

,.

, , [47,.111].,,.

.

,,,.

.,,,,..

,.

,.,,,,,,,,,,.

,. , [142,.287].

,,

[142,.282]. [78,.72],,,. [142,.42], .

,,. ,,.

,, .

( , , ),.

( ).

,

. ,.,, ( IV).

. ( ),,,.,

.

,

), ,.

, . .

, [93,.129], , [74,.81].

. ( IIII),, .

: ,, [81,.177].

.

( IV, V).,.,, : ;

, , [81,.139]..

,,,,..

( VI XI).

( XI XIII)..,,, : ... ! ?

? !,, ! ! [81,.228].

, ,. ,, [74,.76],,.

, , ,,, [86,.416].

,

[74,.59].

. , :, [70,.12].

,

,,.

. ,, , , [55,.302],.

,.

:,,, :,.,,,,.,,.,, [81,.116].

,,.

,.

,,., :, ;

,,, ;

, , , ;

, ,,,, , [81,.222]. , ( , , / .) ( ).

,..

(, ),,,.

,, ( .), [225,.328].

.,,, ,, [95,.80].,,,.

,,,,,,.

., , , , [36,.313].

,,,,,, :,, ,,.

,,,,,, [81,.168].

.

,, :,,,, ;

,, ;

, ;

..

, ;

[81,.131]., ,.

,,.

.

,,,, [68,.56].

XIX ,,, , [251,.125].

,,,,,.,,,,,,,,. : (, ) ( ). .

, ( ):

( ),,,.

,,, . ,,,,, ( ).

1.,,, XIX,,, : (,,, ).

XIX..

2.

,,, :.

3.

(, ), (,, / ),,,.

4. : , , , , ., : , , , , .

5.

:

:,, ;

: /,,,,,, , ;

:

( ) (. )

;

:,,, ;

,, ;

( ):,, ;

:,,.

(, ) .

1.,. /,, //. /,,.., 1994. .3 45.

2.,. / //. :...,,3 5 2000. 2. /.. ;

..

, 2001. . 2. .24 33.

3.,.

/ // : /., 2005. .18 25.

4.,. :

/ // Idee pozytywizmu w pis miennictwe rosyjskim: materialy miedzynarodowej konferencji nau kowej, Lodz, 18 19 wresnia 2000 r. / Uniwersytet Lodzki;

pod re dakcja Barbary Olaszek. Lodz, 2000. S.65 76.

5.,. /..:, 1994. .242 254.

6.,., :

/,. .:

, 1995. 608.

7.,. :.

..../,. .:, 1975. 528.

8.,. (1838 1848) / //. ., 1956.

.3245.

9.,. 1841 / // /.., 1983. .34 120.

10.,. 20 30-. XIX.:. ..

/. :.., 1996. 18.

11.,. : /..:

.-., 2005. 281.

12.,. ( XVIII XIX.) /. :, 2005. 131.

13.,. / // XIX XX.,, /.,...., 1987. .387 422.

14.,.,, / // /. ., 1986. .122 210.

15.,. :. /. .:

, 1989. 616.

16.,. S/Z /. .:, 2001. 232.

17.,. / //... 7. ., 1997. .5. .72 80.

18.,.

/ // /.. ;

.

., 2003. .17 39.

19.,. // /. ., 1927.

20.,. 1846 / //. ., 1956.

.31 34.

21.,.. / // /. ., 1950. .257 280.

22.,. / //. ., 1956. .9 30.

23.,.. / //... 13. ., 1955. .8. .297 324.

24.,. /. .:, 1996.

25.,.

/. .:, 1988. 120.

26.,, /, // :.. ., 2003. . 345 350.

27.,.

/ // ( ):.., 1986. .59 77.

28.,. /..:, 2001. 512.

29.,.. /. .:

., 1971. 52.

30.,.,, : XVII XIX /. .:

, 2005. 504.

31.,. / //. 1989. 5. .122 129.

32.,. :. /. :...

, 1981. 113.

33.,. XX. / // XX. 2.., 2003. .1.

34.,. ( XIX.) /. :., 1977.

206.

35.,. / //.., 1974. .45 69.

36.,. / // /.,. ., 2005. .305 317.

37.,.. /. :.., 1992. 104.

38.,... :. .. /. ., 1990. 24.

39.,. /. // :../..., 2005. .912.

40.,. : .. /.., 1998. 17.

41.,. /. .:., 1974. 672.

42.,. / //.

. ., 1994. .392 430.

43.,. /..:, 1994. 80.

44.,. /. .:, 1993. 592.

45.,. : /. .:, 2001. 141.

46.,. /. .:, 1970. 423.

47.,. ( ) / //.. ., 1976. .101 140.

48.,. / //.. ., 1976. .120 169.

49.,. / //...

., 1990. . 271 330.

50.,.. (1804 1869) /..:, 1975. 112.

51.,. ( ) /. //., 1986. .46 59.

52.,. (1842 1852): / // :../..

., 1999. . 4. .414.

53.,. /..:

, 1968. 502.

54.,. /.

.:, 1989. 160.

55.,. /..:, 1997. 396.

56.,..

/. .1. .:, 1972. 200.

57.,. / // :../..., 1973. .436 472.

58.,. / //. 2. ., 1974. . 2. .565 598.

59.,. /.

.:, 2005. 224.

60.,. /.., 1977.

61.,. /. .-.:, 1966. 348.


62.,. / ;

,. /..:, 1994. 344.

63.,. / //. 7. ., 1984. . 3. .153 172.

64.,. / //. 7. ., 1986. . 7. .77 78.

65.,.

/..:, 1997. 340.

66.,. :

/. :, 2003. 312.

67.,. /. .:.., 1976. 106.

68.,. /. .:, 1967. 188.

69.,. /. ., 1959.

70.,. /. .:.., 1971. 254.

71.,.. /,..:, 1990. 68.

72.,. /. ., 1995. 312.

73.,. ( )/, // : :../.. ., 1980. .

4. .253 271.

74.,. : /.

/..:, 1998. .57 83.

75.,.

( )/ //. 1985. 2. .133 138.

76.,. ( : ) / // /.., 1999. .129 327.

77.,.

/. :., 1986. 154.

78.,.,, :

/. .:., 1978. 382.

79.,. / // :.. ., 1956. .39 95.

80.,.,, / ;

... .:, 1997. 346.

81.,. / //..

. 30. ., 1972. .1. .109 229.

82.,. / //... 30. ., 1984. . 18. .20 42.

83.,..9 1838. / //... 30. ., 1985. . 28. . 1. .49 51.

84.,.. 31./ //... 30. ., 1985. . 28.

. 1. .53 55.

85.,. / // /. ., 2001. . 1 2. .387 498.

86.,. / // /. ., 2002. . 3. .404 744.

87.,. /. [ ]. 2003. :

http://annals.xlegio.ru/greece/deathger.htm :

02.02.2004.

88.,. / //.., 2002. .300 315.

89.,. /. .:, 1988. 176.

90.,.. 2. ., 1998. . 1. .60 280.

91.,. XIX /..-., 1913. . 1. 456.

92.,. / // /.. ., 1974. .226 227.

93.,. : /. .:, 1985. 208.

94.,.

:. .. /., 2003. 18.

95.,.., /..:, 2000. 288.

96.,.

:. .. /., 2007. 22.

97..

// :..: 2., 2005. .1. .20 26.

98.,. /. .:., 2001. 432.

99.. / //...:.

, 1987. 240.

100.,. :

/ // :..

./..., 2005. . 8:. . VI / 1. .37 44.

101.,.

, / // :..

.. 2./.., 2001. . 1. .175 177.

102.,. / // Studia Slavica-VI:.

.. / ;

.

,., 2006. .3646.

103.,. XIX / //.. i.. 3... 2006. 3. .70 75.

104.,. / // : II...,, 25 26 2005.

2./... ;

..., 2005. . 1. .55 59.

105.,.

/ // XVIII XX :../.., 2005.

.33 42.

106.,. :

/ // :.

.. 2./..., 2007. . 2. .8 11.

107.,. / // :..

.,, 22 24 2005. 2. /..

;

..., 2006. . 2. .19 27.

108.,.

/ // Scripta manent-XII:..

/.,., 2005. .6 10.

109.,. :

/ //. :

X...,, 19 20. 2004.

2./.. ;

..., 2005. . 1. .382 387.

110.,. / // XIX XX :

...,, 26 27. 2004. /.. ;

.., 2005. .210 213.

111.,. / // :..,,, 22 23 2005. /.. ;

.., 2005. .32 45.

112.,.

( XIX )/. //.. i.. 3... 2007. 4. .11 15.

113.,. XIX / //.. i.. 3...

2006. 4. .34 40.

114.,. XIX : /. //.

. i.. 3..

. 2007. 2. .44 50.

115.,. / // :...,,56./.. ;

..., 2007. .124 128.

116.,. ( ) / // :...,, 28 29 2006. 2./.. ;

..

., 2008. . 2. .5 10.

117.,. / // / [.];

.

.. ., 2003. .767 771.

118..

20 30-. XIX / [.];

.

. .:, 1979. 328.

119.,. /. .:

, 1994. 528.

120.,. /. :, 1973. 308.

121.,. /. :.

, 1997. 204.

122.,. / //. 2. ., 1983. .1. .55 505.

123.,. / // /. ., 1986. .3 26.

124.,. / // :

../., 2003. .97 104.

125.,. /. .:

, 2004. 210.

126.,.

:. .. /., 1990. 26.

127.,. :. /. .:, 1989. 288.

128.,. / // /. ., 1998. .148157.

129.,. (1821 1859) /. .:.., 1960. 608.

130.,. . 1810 1820- :. .. /..:., 2000. 26.

131.,. // /. 1996. 6. .171 174.

132., / //. :../.. ., 1974. . 2.

.57 66.

133.,., / // /..., 1993. .100 122.

134.,.

XIX XX. /. ., 1994.

135.,. /. .:, 1978. 367.

136.,. ?/. //. 2001. 5. .26 35.

137.,. /. ., 1972.

138.,. / // XVII XIX. :...,, 15 18 2001. /.. ;

..., 2002. .41 56.

139..

// (,, ):..-.. /... :, 2001. .48 63.

140.,. : /. .:

, 2003. 447.

141.,. / // XXI :

:..,, 22 25. 2000. /. ., 2002. .235 250.

142.,. :.. /..:, 1991. 400.

143.,. /,.., 1994. 168.

144.,.

/ //....2.

... 1990. . 2. .101 102.

145.,.

1830 1840-.:. .. /. ., 1990. 14.

146.,. / //. 1996. 2. .127 135.

147.,. XIX / //. 4. ., 1981.

. 2. .7 35.

148.,..

/ ;

...:, 2001. 368.

149.,. / //.,, /. ., 2007. .148 169.

150.,. / //..

... 4.... 2002.

2. .21 26.

151.,. /. //.... 1990. .49. 1. .31 40.

152.,. / //. :../.

. ., 1974. .5 13.

153.,. /. //.. 3. ., 1987. . 3. .271 290.

154.,. / //..

3. ., 1987. . 2. .343 417.

155.,.

1820 1830-.( ):. .. /. ., 1991.

156.,. :. .. /.., 1972. 16.

157.,. /. :, 1998. 358.

158.,. / // :.. /. ., 1988. .235 349.

159.,. / // /..., 2000. .12 149.

160.,.

/ // /.., 2002. .208 220.

161.,. / //..

3., 1993. . 3. .396 405.

162.,. ) / //. 1998. 1. .63 69.

163.,. / //. ., 1970. .120 154.

164.,. /. .:, 1975. 240.

165.,. / // /. ., 1975. . 276.

166.,. :,, /.., 1999.

167.,. / //..

., 1994. . 431 472.

168.,. ( )/ [ ]. 2000. : http://www.kafka.ru/about/mann.htm. :

23.01.2002.

169.,. / // /. ., 1969. .104 149.

170.,. : / // :.. ., 1967. .320 359.

171.,. / //..... 1981. .40. 3.

.211 234.

172.,. XIX / //. 9. ., 1989. . 6. .284 292.

173.,. /. .:., 1966. 184.

174.,. /. .:

, 1976. 372.

175.,. / //. ., 1987. .144 167.

176.,. / // (1820 1840.):.

.;

. [.]. ., 1990. .5 47.

177.,. /..:.., 1989. 208.

178.,. / // XIX :.. ., 1989. .5 42.

179.,. /.

.:, 1971. 512.

180.,.

/ // /.,.

. ., 2005. .300 304.

181.,. / // /.

. ., 2001. .73 149.

182.,. /. .:, 1968. 364.

183.,. / //.

.19. . 2003. 2. .88 98.

184.,. / // : /., 1991. .108 126.

185.,. / // :

/.

, 1991. .294 303.

186.,. : /. :.., 2000. 98.

187.,. /..:, 1998. 224.

188.,. /..:

, 2001. 440.

189.,. / //. 1974. 3. .203 206.

190.,. / // 1870 1890 :../.., 1980. .94 107.

191.,. /.., 1977. 658.

192.,. / // :../.. ., 1973. .259 282.

193.,. ( ):. ..

/., 1986. 22.

194.,.. :.

.. /.., 2005. 24.

195.,. / //. 2. ., 1989. . 1. .190 376.

196.,.. / //.. ., 1975. .

98 203.

197.,. /. //.. ., 1975. .203 230.

198.,. /....

.:, 1975. 243.

199.,. / //... 1999. 1. .76 93.

200.,. : /. ., 1996.

201.,. / //. 5. ., 1996.

. 3. .11 264.

202.,. /,, // /,,. ., 1984. .72 153.

203.,. : / //. 1996. 5. .89 99.

204.,. 20 30-.: / //.. ., 1981. .2. .489 544.

205.,. / // XXI : :..,, 22 25. 2000. /. ., 2002. .199 217.

206.,., / //. ., 1985. .24 158.

207.,. / //. ., 1986. .89 134.

208.,. : /. .:., 1990. 384.

209.. / //. 2.., 1960. . 2. .234 245.

210.,. / // : /. ., 2000. .257 342.

211.,. / //. 3.

, 1986. . 2. .186 353.

212.,. / //. 3.

, 1986. . 2. .172 184.

213.,. / //. 3., 1986. . 1. .523.

214.,. : /. :..., 2004. 200.

215.,.. /.

., 1989. 240.

216.,. / //. ., 1982. .13.

217.,. / // /. ., 1989. .158 176.

218.,. /. .:, 2005.

320.

219.,. /. .:, 1996.

220.,. / //. 1999. 3. .58 70.

221.,. / //. 1999. 11/12. .55 63.

222. XIX. /.. .:, 1973. 564.

223.,. /. .:, 2002.

368.

224.,. ( )/ //. 2002. 11/12. .342 353.

225.,.

/ // :

/ ;

.., 2007. .322 358.

226.,. / // //. ., 1982. .3 22.

227.,. : /. .:, 1984. 295.

228.,. / // 20 40-. XIX :..;

.

.., 1992. .5 30.

229.,. :...../..:., 2005. 22.

230. :../.., 2005.

312.

231.,. / // XXI : :..,, 22 25. 2000. /. ., 2002. .214 220.

232.,. /, //. 1982. 2. .112 116.

233.,. :

, /. :

, 2000. 350.

234.,. ( )/ // :../..., 1997. . 2. .64 102.

235.,.

/ //. 1. 1999. 1. .86 90.

236.,. XIX : /. :, 2004. 134.

237.,.

XI XIII./ //.

:.

..,,35 2000.: 2. /.. ;

.., 2001. . 2. .3 11.

238.,. . (,46 2004.) / //. 2004. 7.

239. :

,, 23 2003. /.

. ;

.., 2003. 261.

240.,. : /.., 2003. . 187.

241.,.

/..:., 1979. 352.

242.,..

1840 1860-./..:, 1989. 244.

243.,. ( )/ //.. ., 1965. .139 159.

244.,.. /..:.., 1955. 586.

245.,. / // :../.. ., 1973. .188 218.

246.,. / // XXI : :..,, 22 25. 2000. /. ., 2002. .177 191.

247.,. / // : / ;

.., 2007. . 163 213.

248.,. / // :...,. 2./..., 2004. . 1. .103 108.

249. :.. 2./.

[.]. .:, 2004. . 1:.. 512.

250.,. /. //. 9. ., 1989. . 6. .16 27.

251.,. .

/ //... /. .,1995. .112 192.

252.,. / //... /. ., 1995. .259 367.

253.,. / // : /., 1997. .125 153.

254.,. 20 30-. XIX. /. .:, 1985. 280.

255.,. XX XXI. /. :, 2006. 156.

256.,. / //. ., 1982. .35 44.

257.,..

..... / //. 9.., 1989. . 6. .51 65.

258.,. XIX....... / //. 9.., 1989. . 6. .36 51.

259.,.... /. .:, 1978. 240.

260.,. / // /. ., 1985. .322.

261.,.. /. .:, 1991. 398.

262.,. ( )/ //.. /. ., 1977. .270 281.

263.,. / //. /. ., 2001. .325 358.

264.,. / //., 1978. .37 45.

265.,.

( ) / //. 2. ., 1994. .1:,. . 254 297.

266.,.

XIX :,, :. .. /., 1998. 36.

267.,. :../..:., 2004. 639.

268.,. :

/. .:, 2004. 368.

269.,. / // V/ ;

.:. [.]. , 2006. .60 98.

270.,. 1830 1840- / //.

: /...4. , 2001. .89 99.

271.,. /, // :../..., 2001. .42 54.

272.,. /.

.:, 1997. 448.

273.,.

/ // : :../..., 1980. . 4. .7 26.

274.,. / ., 1998. 624.

275.,.

/ // :../.

.., 1996. .228 267.

276.,. /..:.

, 1965. 608.

277.,.

:. .. /., 2007. 22.

278.,., / //. ., 1997. .2. .597 617.

279.,.

20- 40-. XIX :. .

. /.., 1979. 18.

280.,... :. .. /.., 1989. 16.

281.,. / // :.., 1929. .65 83.

282.,.

/ //... 1969. 77. .47 58.

283.,. /..:

, 1966. 342.

284.,.

: /. :, 2005. 441.

285.,. / //...., 1957.

.50 63.

286.,. /..:.

, 1984. 384.

287.,. /..:, 2003. 312.

288.,. : / // :.

.. 2./..., 2007. . 2. .3 7.

289.,. 1794./..:, 1956. 290.

290.,.

XIX :. .. /., 2007. 42.

291.,. / // XIX XX.,, /.,.... ., 1987. .214 231.

292.,. XIX ( ):

.... /..:, 2001. 256.

293.,. / //. 2.., 1964. . 1. .153 175.

294.,... 20 30-. XIX :. .. /., 2001. 30.

295. Gasperetti, D. The Rise of the Russian Novel. Carnival, Stylization, and Mockery of the West / D.Gasperetti. Illinois: Northern Illinois University Press;

DeKalb, 1998. 260 p.

296. Glovko, O. Idee romantyzmu w Nocach rosyiskich Wlodzimierza Odojewskiego / O.Glovko. Lodz: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Lodzkiego, 1997. 270 s.

297. Lachmann, R. The Semantic Construction of the Void / R.Lachmann // GOGOL: Exploring Absence: Negativity in 19th century Russia Lit erature / ed. By Sven Spieker. Bloomington, Indiana, 1999. S.17 33.

298. Smaga, J. Antoni Pogorielsky. Zycie I tworczosc na tle epoki / J.Smaga. Warszawa, 1970. 179 s.

299. Pospishil, I. Fenomen silenstvi v ruske literature 19. a 20. stoleti / I.Pospishil. Brno: Masarykova Univerzita, 1995. 152 s.

300. Spieker, S. The Presence of Absence in Gogol / S.Spieker // GOGOL:

Exploring Absence: Negativity in 19th century Russia Literature / ed.

By Sven Spieker. Bloomington, Indiana, 1999. S.3 14.

XIX.) :

:

:

12.08.2009. 60 84/16..

.... 9,42..-.. 11,47.

75.

:

.

02330/0549484 14.05.2009.

02330/0494172 03.04.2009.

., 15, 230023,.



 
 >>  ()





 
<<     |    
2013 www.libed.ru - -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .