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ANIMAL AGRICULTURE AND VETERINARY MEDICINE Quarterly research and practice journal Published since may Journal founder Educational establishment Belarusian State Order of the ctober Revolution and Order of the Red Banner of Labour Agricultural Academy

Zooengineering faculty According to the order of the High Attestation Commission of the Republic of Belarus the jour nal has been included in the list of scientific works for publishing results of theses on agricultural and veterinary sciences Editorial Board:

Managing Editor Kurdeko A. P., Doctor of Veterinary Sciences, Professor;

ssistant Managing Editor Mikulich E. L., Candidate of Veterinary Sciences, Docent;

Executive Secretary Tsikunova O. G., Candidate of Sciences in Agriculture;

Editor and corrector Savchitz E. H.;

English Translation Liakhnovitch T. L., Candidate of Sciences, Docent.

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..,.. 80- . CONTENTS 1. ANIMAL SCIENCE Portnoy A. I. Use of biologically active additive of plant origin in the industrial pork production. Shamsuddin L. A., Sadomov N. A. Change in gastrointestinal microbiota when feed additive based on organic acids is introduced into diet Barulin N. V., Shalak M. V., Plavskij V. Yu. Method of enhancing sperm activity in male sturgeons Litovchenko V.G. Meat complex Russia: state and directions of increasing efficiency Karkatch P. M. Influence of different programs and light sources on productive quality rearing and adult chickens cross LOMMAN NICK. Barulin N. V. Activity of hepato-specific enzymes in blood serum of sturgeon fishes during the spawning season 2. VETERINARY MEDICINE Mikulich E. L. Species diversity of parasite fauna of baltic herring and mackerel sold frozen by retail trade system. Kovalenok Yu. K. Phytolectin influence on accessability of trace elements in vivo.. Malashko V. V., Kozyro A. N., Gojlik N. K., Malashko D. V., Petushok A. N., Yushkevich A. S.

Structural-metabolic processes in the growing stock of farm animals with pathology of digestive organs. Ladyka L. Histological examination of the skin kids. 3. THE KNOWN AND THE UNKNOWN Podskrebkin N. V., Dudova M. A. 80th anniversary matter of congratulation.

1.

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Summary. The article deals with the findings of study on the use of biologically active additive of plant origin in the industrial pork production. It has been established that the use of combined fodder with 0,2 % of ground caraway seeds in it while fattening young pigs makes it possible to increase average daily live weight gain by 9,1 % and improve feed-conversion efficiency.

Key words: pig farming, fattening, additive, caraway, productivity, efficiency.

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1.,.. /..,..,.. // [ ]. 2010. : http:// vethom.ru/ content/viev/45/61/. :

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2.,.. :. /... :, 2008. 154.

3.,.. /..,..,.. //, 2010. 46. . 1. 2. . 183187.

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5.,. ( ) /.,.,. //..:, 1983. . 2633.

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8. P omme r e n ck, K. Aromastoffe in der Futterung / K. Pommerenk // Kraftfutter. 1984. . 67. 4. P. 114118.

9. S t ei n e r, T. Producers Can Benefit from Essential Oils in Pig Finishing Diets / T. Steiner [ ]. 2011. : http:// www.thepigsite.com/ articles/3/feed-and-nutrition/3655/ producers-can-benefit-from-essential-oils-in-pig finishing-diets. : 08.11.2011.

10. St on i, A. Tissue recovery of essential oils used as feed additive in piglet feeding and impact on nutrient digestibility / A. Stoni, K. Zitterl-Egelseer, A. Kroismayr // Proc. Soc. Nutr. Physiol. 2006. P. 1560.

11.Wi n di s ch, W. Use of phytogenic products as feed additives for swine and poultry / W. Windisch // Journal of animal science. 2008. Vol. 86. P. 140148.

[636.4.03:611]:636.087...,..

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Summary. This article contains certain data organic acid positive influence on formation of lacto- and bifidobacterium flora in gastrointestinal tract and simultaneous inhibit of opportunistic pathogenic microflora. Resulting researches show stimulus influence on level digestion of deed animal and on resulting growth.

Key words: organic acid, piglets, gastrointestinal tract, microbiota.

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1.,.. /.. //. 2006. 6. . 4647.

2.,.. /..,..,.. //. 2007. 2. .6062.

3.,.. : /..,.. // /.,2010. . 46. . 1. . 1. . 9092.

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5.,.. /.. //. 2012. 3. . 6467.

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639.303.45:535.21:577...,..

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.,, 02.09.2013)., 5- 0,1, 67020 3,020, 505 2030.

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Summary. The article deals with the method of enhancing sperm activity in males of sturgeons when fish are stimulated by in jecting nerestin 5-A in the amount of 0,1 ml/kg-BM, with subsequent harvesting of sperm and exposing it to laser radiation with wa velength 67020 Nm, laser power density 3,020,2 mW/cm2 and magnetic field with induction 505 mT over a period of 2030 sec.

on a single occasion.

Key words: males, nerestin 5-A, sperm activity, laser radiation, magnetic field.

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1. /.. [.] //.. 2006. . 8. . 6669.

2.,.. /... , 1972. 280.

3. A preliminary study of oscillating electromagnetic field effects on human spermatozoon motility / R. Iorio [et al.] // Bioelec tromagnetics. 2007. Vol. 28. 1. P. 7275.

4. Don o gh u e, A. M. Effects of water- and lipid-soluble antioxidants on turkey sperm viability, membrane integrity, and motili ty during liquid storage / A. M. Donoghue, D. J. Donoghue // Poultry Science. 1997. Vol. 76. Is. 10. P. 14401445.

5. Effect of 655-nm diode laser on dog sperm motility / M. I. Corral-Baqus [et al.] // Lasers Med Sci. 2005. Vol. 20. 1. P. 2834.

6. Effects of glucose and fructose on motility patterns of dog spermatozoa from fresh ejaculates / T. Rigau [et al.] // Theriogenol ogy. 2001. Vol. 56. P. 801815.

7. Factors affecting sperm motility. III. Influence of visible light and other electromagnetic radiations on human sperm velocity and survival / A. Makler [et al.] // Fertil Steril. 1980. Vol. 33. 4. P. 439444.

8. Gl a n t z, S. A. Primer of Biostatistics. / S. A. Glantz. McGraw-Hill: New York., 2011. 320 p.

9. Hi ll, T. Statistics: Methods and Applications / T. Hill, P. Lewicki. StatSoft, Inc., 2005. 800 p.

10. Improvement of stored turkey semen quality as a result of He-Ne laser irradiation / N. Iaffaldano [et al.] // Anim Reprod Sci. 2005. Vol. 85. 34. P. 317325.

11. Influence of Visible Light and Ultraviolet Irradiation on Motility and Fertility of Mammalian and Fish Sperm / T. Zan-Bar [et al.] // Photomedicine and Laser Surgery. 2005. Vol. 23. 6. P. 549555.

12. Low energy narrow band non-coherent infrared illumination of human semen and isolated sperm / R. Singer [et al.] // Andro logia. 1991. Vol. 23. 2. P. 181184.

13. Radiation exposure exerts its adverse effects on sperm maturation through estrogen-induced hypothalamohypophyseal axis inhibition in rats / M. J. Makinta [et al.] // African Zoology. 2005. Vol. 40. 2. P. 243251.

636.22 /. 28. 033 (470) :

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Summary. The article examines the state of meat production in Russia. Compared to the state of beef cattle rancher properties of Russia and some countries in Western Europe and the United States. Presented convincing evidence of need for full development of beef cattle on the example of the Chelyabinsk region. The emphasis is on the production of meat resources in large and medium-sized agricultural enterprises, while not excluding the possibility of growing beef cattle farms and private farms.

Key words: food safety, meat products, imports, beef cattle breeding, processing industry, gerofordskaya breed, quality products.

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Summary. The use of monochromatic light sources and lighting programs with a few periods of light and darkness during the rearing and maintenance of adult chicken egg cross-country contributed to the earlier onset of the productive period, obtaining greater egg production, egg mass greater yield and cost savings, which use the lights on the house.

Key words: monochromatic light sources, cross, productive period, egg production, poultry house.

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2.,.. (2- )/..,.. //.,, 2006. 178.

3.,. /., //. 2002. 7. . 25.

4. / //. 2011. 3 . 5556.

5. Gasolec, [ ]. 2006. 4.

6. Le wi s, P. D. Response of laying hens to asymmetrical interrupted lighting regiments: reproductive performance, body weight and carcase composition / P. D. Lewis, G. C. Perry // British Poultry Science. 1990. Vol. 31. 1. P. 3343.

7. Le wi s, P. D. P ultry and c ured light / P. D. Lewis, T. R. M rris // W rld`s p ultry Sc. 2000. Vol. 56. 3. C. 189209.

8. M id gl e y,. Bio-mittent cuts US layer costs by 46 p. /. Midgley // Poultry World. 1984. Vol. 138. 18. P. 1213.

9. M or r i s, T. R. Effect of age at starting biomittent lighting on performance of laying hens / T. R. Morris, M.. Midgley, E. A. Butler // British Poultry Science. 1990. Vol. 31. 3. P. 447455.

639.31:612...

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Summary. This paper presents the results of research into the activity of hepato-specific enzymes in blood serum of sturgeon fishes dur ing the spawning season. Aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase are under investigation. It has been established that during the spawning season females with negative reaction to stimulating injections exhibit significant increase in hepato specific enzymes, which can imply liver function abnormality.

Key words: alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase, spawning season, females, liver.

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Boxplot by Group Boxplot by Group Variable: AST, Variable: AST, AST, AST, 0 Median 50 Median _+_ ( 28,29,31,32) 25%-75% _+_ (, 31) 25%-75%. (33,34,35,36)._ (, 35) Min-Max Min-Max. 1. AST. 2. AST,,,,,, Boxplot by Group Boxplot by Group Variable: AST, Variable: ALT, 250 AST, ALT, 100 5 Median 50 Median _+_ (, 29) _+_ (, 29) 25%-75% 25%-75%._ (, 34)._ (, 34) Min-Max Min-Max. 3. AST. 4. ALT,,, -,,, (ALT). ALT (. 4),, 70,5 % ALT, (P=0,037636).

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1. A comparative study of some hematological features in young reare sturgeons (Acipenser persicus and Huso huso) / M. Bah mani [et al.]. Fish Physio Biochem. 2010. Vol. 24. P. 135140.

2. An ve r, C. E. Blood chemistry (electrolytes, lipoprotein and enzymes) values of black scorpion sh (Scorpaena porcus, 1758) in the Dardnelles. / C. E. Anver // Turkey. J Biol Sci. 2004. Vol. 4. P. 716719.

3. Ar u k we, A. Eggshell and egg yolk proteins in fish: hepatic proteins for the next generation: oogenetic, population, and evo lutionary implications of endocrine disruption / A. Arukwe, A. Goksyr // Comparative Hepatology. 2003. Vol. 2. P. 1 21.

4. Gl a n t z, S. A. Primer of Biostatistics. / S. A. Glantz. McGraw-Hill: New York., 2011. 320 p.

5. Hal l, P. What is the Real Function of the Liver Function Tests? / P. Hall, J. Cash // Ulster Med J. 2012. Vol. 81(1). P. 3036.

6. Hi ll, T. Statistics: Methods and Applications / T. Hill, P. Lewicki. StatSoft, Inc., 2005. 800 p.

7. M u r a k a mi, J. Hepatic manifestations in hematological disorders / J. Murakami, Y. Shimizu // International journal of hepa tology. 2013. Vol. 1. DOI:10.1155/2013/484903.

8. Serum biochemical parameters of Acipenser persicus / F. Asadi [et al.] // Fish Physiology and Biochemistry. 2006. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry (2006). Vol. 32. P. 4347.

9. Serum biochemical parameters of farmed carp (Cyprinus carpio) / Tan i Patriche [et al.] // AACL BIOFLUX. 2011. Vol. 4. Is. 2. P. 137 140.

10. Serum biochemical parameters of Huso huso / F. Asadi [et al.] // Comp Clin Pathol. 2006. Vol. 15. P. 245248.

11. S ha h s a va n i, D. Determination of normal values of some blood serum enzymes in Acipenser stellatus Pallas / D. Shahsavani, M. Mohri, H. Gholipour Kanani // Fish Physiol Biochem. 2010. Vol. 36. P. 3943.

12. S h ve d N., Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) measurement of vitellogenin in plasma and liver histopathology in barfin plaice Liopsetta pinnifasciata from Amursky Bay, Sea of Japan / N. Shved [et al.] // Fish Physiol. Biochem. 2011. Vol. 37. 4. P. 781799.

13. Zona pellucida domain proteins / L. Jovine [et al.] // Annu. Rev. Biochem. 2005. Vol. 74. P. 83114.

2.

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Summary. The aim of this study was to investigate the parasite fauna of the Baltic herring and mackerel. As a result we studied morphological traits and identified species of the found parasites, i.e. Corynosoma, Myxosporidia, Anisakis.

Key words: sea fish, mackerel, Baltic herring, Corynosoma, Myxosporidia, Anisakis.

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2.,.. :../..,..,... :, 2011. 112.

3.,.., /.. //....., 2005. 223.

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,.,, 05.08.2013)., in vivo, 4,6 % Co, 1112 % 0,05), 16,4 % ( 0,01),.

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Summary. It has been established that in vivo feed lectins disturb the functioning of transport system of trace elements through apical membrane of enterocytes. The decrease in absorption of Co is 4,6 %, Cu and Zn 1112 % ( 0,05), Fe 16,4 % ( 0,01), which can be one of the hypomicroelementosis development factors in animals.

Key words: trace elements absorption, maize lectins, experiment in vivo, cattle.

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. . 4754.

2.,.. : /... :, 2013. 196.

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/.... :, 2013. . 16. . 2. . 348354.

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5.,.. : /.. //. 1985. . 9. . 6376.

6. : /.. [.]. :, 2009. 139.

7.,.. : /.. ;

. :, 2007. 948.

8. B u n ze l, M. Chemical Characterization of Klason Lignin Preparations from Plant-Based Foods / M. Bunzel, A. Schler, G. Tchetseubu Saha // J Agric Food Chem. 2011. Dec 14;

59(23). P. 1250612513.

9. Effects of denaturation and amino acid modification on fluorescence spectrum and hemagglutinating activity of Hericium eri naceum Lectin / M. Gong [et al.] // Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai). 2004. Vol. 36, part 5. . 343350.

10. Gol d s t e i n, I. J. Isolation, physicochemical characterization, and carbohydrate-binding specificity of lectins / I. J. Goldstein, R. D. Porez // The Lectins: Properties, Functions, and Applications in Biology and Medicine / I. E. Liener, N. Sharon, I. J. Goldstein. Orlando: Academic Press, 1986. . 33243.


11. Hi gu ch i, M. Growth inhibition and small intestinal lesions in rats after feeding with isolated winged bean lectin / M. Higu chi, I. Tsuchiya, K. Iwai // Agrie. Biol. Chem. 1984. Vol. 48. 3. . 695701.

12. Lectin-mediated drug delivery: influence of mucin on cytoadhesion of plant lectins in vitro / M. Wirth [et al.] // J. Control Re lease. 2002. Vol. 79, issues 1/3. P. 183191.

13. Lor e n zs on n, V. In vivo responses of rat intestinal epithelium to intraluminal dietary lectins / V. A. Lorenzsonn, W. A. Ol sen // Gastroenterology. 1982. Vol. 82 (5 Pt 1). . 838848.

14. Maize -Glucosidase-aggregating Factor Is a Polyspecific Jacalin-related Chimeric Lectin, and Its Lectin Domain Is Responsible for Glucosidase Aggregation / Farooqahmed S. Kittur [et al.] // Journal of biological chemistry. 2007. Vol. 282. 10. . 72997311.

15. Oli ve i r a, A. C. Lesions of intestinal epithelium by ingestion of bean lectins in rats / A. C. Oliveira, B. C. Vidal, V. C. Sgarbier // J. Nutr. Sci. Vitaminol. 1989. Vol. 35. 4. . 315322.

16. Sequential Structural Changes upon Zinc and Calcium Binding to Metal-free Concanavalin A / Julie Bouckaert [et al.] // The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1996. Vol. 271. 27, issue of July 5. . 1614416150.

17. Soybean protein isolate and soybean lectin inhibit iron absorption in rats / Hisayasu Sanae [et al.] // J. Nutr. 1992. Vol. 122. P. 11901196.

18. The interaction between plant lectins and the small intestinal epithelium: a primary cause of intestinal disturbance / M. J. Kik [et al.] // Vet Q. 1989. Apr;

11(2). P. 108115.

19. Tos h i h i k o, U. Receptor-mediated interaction of ricin with the lipid bilayer of ganglioside GM1-liposomes / U. Toshihiko, A. Yasuo, F. Gunki // FEBS Letters. 1987. Vol. 216, issue 1. P. 99103.

636.2...,..,..,..,..,..

,.,, 03.09.2013). 12,7 %. Jg 12,91 24,86 %.

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Summary. Colibacteriosis and virus infection is accompanied with decreasing of calf live mass by 12,7 % in relation to clinically health calves. In infected calves the concentration of serum Jg falls down in the average by 12,9124,86 % in relation to clinically health calves. The use of microbe and vitamin drug Biokarotivit and Catosal lets stimulate immune and biological processes, hemo genesis and prevent digestive pathology at calves.

Key words: pathology, calves, morphology, digestive system, biokarotivit, catosal, diarrhea, immunology, blood.

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7. Al l i s on, R. G. Interactions of dietary proteins with the mucosal immune system as a component of safety evaluation / R. G. Allison // J. Protein. Chem. 2004. Vol. 3. 1. P. 517.

8. Ba l d wi n, R. L. Manipulating metabolic parameters to improve growth rate and milk secretion / R. L. Baldwin, N. E. Smith, J. Taylor // J. Anim. Sci. 2000. Vol. 51. 6. P.14161428.

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Summary. The results of the histological examination of goat skin. Found that the histological structure of the skin 8-month-old kids are more dependent on the physiological state of the animal than of rational on. In castrated animals total skin thickness was less than in intact by 37,0 %, mainly due to the mesh layer.

Key words: goats, leather, histology, hair follicles, sebaceous glands.

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