авторефераты диссертаций БЕСПЛАТНАЯ БИБЛИОТЕКА РОССИИ

КОНФЕРЕНЦИИ, КНИГИ, ПОСОБИЯ, НАУЧНЫЕ ИЗДАНИЯ

<< ГЛАВНАЯ
АГРОИНЖЕНЕРИЯ
АСТРОНОМИЯ
БЕЗОПАСНОСТЬ
БИОЛОГИЯ
ЗЕМЛЯ
ИНФОРМАТИКА
ИСКУССТВОВЕДЕНИЕ
ИСТОРИЯ
КУЛЬТУРОЛОГИЯ
МАШИНОСТРОЕНИЕ
МЕДИЦИНА
МЕТАЛЛУРГИЯ
МЕХАНИКА
ПЕДАГОГИКА
ПОЛИТИКА
ПРИБОРОСТРОЕНИЕ
ПРОДОВОЛЬСТВИЕ
ПСИХОЛОГИЯ
РАДИОТЕХНИКА
СЕЛЬСКОЕ ХОЗЯЙСТВО
СОЦИОЛОГИЯ
СТРОИТЕЛЬСТВО
ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ НАУКИ
ТРАНСПОРТ
ФАРМАЦЕВТИКА
ФИЗИКА
ФИЗИОЛОГИЯ
ФИЛОЛОГИЯ
ФИЛОСОФИЯ
ХИМИЯ
ЭКОНОМИКА
ЭЛЕКТРОТЕХНИКА
ЭНЕРГЕТИКА
ЮРИСПРУДЕНЦИЯ
ЯЗЫКОЗНАНИЕ
РАЗНОЕ
КОНТАКТЫ


Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 13 | 14 ||

«Владимир Васильевич Меншуткин родился в 1930 году. В 1955 году окончил Ленинградс- кий Кораблестроительный институт и ...»

-- [ Страница 15 ] --

2.6.1. Модели микроэволюции ракообразных и рыб........................................................................................... 2.6.2. Модели начальных этапов эволюции многоклеточных животных.......................................................... 2.6.2.1. Моделирование процесса эволюции от органических макромолекул к протоклетке и клетке эукариот................................................................................................................................................................... 2.6.2.2. Моделирование процесса образования многоклеточных животных................................................ 2.6.2.3. Моделирование начальных этапов эволюции пищеварительной и выделительной систем у многоклеточных животных................................................................................................................................ 2.6.2.4 Моделирование эволюции пространственной организации животных................................................. 2.6.3. Модель эволюции гаммарид Байкала......................................................................................................... 2.6.4. Модели эволюции хордовых....................................................................................................................... 2.6.4.1 Простейший пример: выход позвоночных на сушу............................................................................. 2.6.4.2. Общая модель эволюции хордовых животных.................................................................................... 2.6.4.3. Сравнение дарвиновской и недарвиновской модели эволюции........................................................ 2.6.5. Модели эволюции технических систем...................................................................................................... 2.6.6. Моделирование биологической макроэволюции при помощи аппарата клеточных автоматов........... 2.6.7. Модель эволюции биосферы после появления человека.......................................................................... Глава 2.7. Модель развития мегаполиса..........................................................................................................

Глава 2.8. Моделирование развития науки....................................................................................................

Заключение............................................................................................................................................................

Литература.............................................................................................................................................................

Приложение. Список программ........................................................................................................................... CONTENTS Preface..................................................................................................................................................................... Introduction............................................................................................................................................................

PART 1. THE THEORETICAL BACKGROUND OF MODELLING............................................................

Chapter. 1.1. The essential principles of modelling..........................................................................................

1.1.1. Complicated systems...................................................................................................................................... 1.1.2. Conceptions of modelling............................................................................................................................... 1.1.3. Aims of modelling.......................................................................................................................................... 1.1.4. Classifications of models................................................................................................................................ Chapter. 1.2. The modelling tools.........................................................................................................................

1.2.1. Systems of differential equations.................................................................................................................... 1.2.2. Simulation language «STELLA»................................................................................................................... 1.2.3. Finite automata............................................................................................................................................... 1.2.4. Cellular automata............................................................................................................................................ 1.2.5. Fuzzy logic..................................................................................................................................................... PART 2. PRACTICE OF MODELLING.............................................................................................................

Chapter. 2.1. Models on level of organism...........................................................................................................

2.1.1. Models of water-salt exchange of fish............................................................................................................ 2.1.2. Simulation of cerebral circulation.................................................................................................................. 2.1.3. Model of neural mechanism of insect flying.................................................................................................. 2.1.4. А model of human brain................................................................................................................................. 2.1.5. Model of energy balance of Rhisoglyphus echinopus..................................................................................... Chapter. 2.2. Population models...........................................................................................................................

2.2.1. Model of dynamics of cohort.......................................................................................................................... 2.2.2. Model of fish population................................................................................................................................ 2.2.3. Model of population of planktonic crustacea................................................................................................. 2.2.3.1. Deterministic models (Diaptomus)........................................................................................................... 2.2.3.2. Stochastic models (Cyclops))................................................................................................................... 2.2.4. Model of vertical migration of ostrakods and krill......................................................................................... 2.2.5. Model population of gastropoda mollusc Epheria turrita.............................................................................. 2.2.6. Model of vertical distribution of phytoplankton............................................................................................. 2.2.7. Model of dynamics of human population....................................................................................................... Chapter. 2.3. Model of community.......................................................................................................................

2.3.1. Model of fish community............................................................................................................................... 2.3.2. Model of community of deers, boars, and wolves........................................................................................ 2.3.3. Modelling of process of succession in forest community............................................................................... Chapter. 2.4. Models of ecological systems...........................................................................................................

2.4.1. Lake ecosystems models................................................................................................................................ 2.4.1.1. Generalized point model........................................................................................................................... 2.4.1.2. Models of ecosystem of Lake Dal’nee (Kamchatka)................................................................................ 2.4.1.3. Models of ecosystem of Lake Ladoga...................................................................................................... 2.4.1.4. Model of ecosystem of Lake Baikal......................................................................................................... 2.4.2. Model of ocean’s and sea’s ecosystems......................................................................................................... 2.4.2.1. Japan Sea Model....................................................................................................................................... 2.4.2.2. Model of pelagial of Pacific ocean........................................................................................................... 2.4.3. Model of terristerial ecosystems..................................................................................................................... 2.4.4. Expert system «Lakes of Karelia».................................................................................................................. Chapter. 2.5. Models of natural ecosystems management................................................................................. 2.5.1. Management of reservoir’s ecosystem........................................................................................................... 2.5.2. Management of water quality in a river system.............................................................................................. 2.5.3. Management of natural resources of a region................................................................................................. Chapter. 2.6. Modelling of process of evolution...................................................................................................

2.6.1. Models of micro-evolution of crustacea and fish........................................................................................... 2.6.2. Models of initial stage of evolution of multicellular animals........................................................................ 2.6.2.1. Simulation of process of evolution of organic macro-molecules to proto cells and to cell of eucariot.................................................................................................................................................................... 2.6.2.2. Modelling of process of formation of multi-cells animals........................................................................ 2.6.2.3. Models of initial stage of evolution digestive’s and secretory’s systems................................................. 2.6.2.4. Modeling of evolution of spatial organization of invertebrates............................................................... 2.6.3. Model of evolution of Baikal’s gammarid...................................................................................................... 2.6.4. Model of evolution of chordates..................................................................................................................... 2.6.4.1 Outlet to the land of vertebrates is a simple example............................................................................... 2.6.4.2. General model of evolution vertebrates.................................................................................................... 2.6.4.3. Comparison of Darwin’s and non-Darvin’s models of the evolution....................................................... 2.6.5. Models of evolution of engineering systems.................................................................................................. 2.6.6. Modelling of biological marco-evolution under cellular automata................................................................ 2.6.7. А Model of biosphere with human population............................................................................................... Chapter. 2.7. Model of development of megapolis...............................................................................................

Chapter. 2.8. Modelling of science development..................................................................................................

Conclusions.............................................................................................................................................................

References...............................................................................................................................................................

Appendix : List of computer programs................................................................................................................ В.В. МЕНШУТКИН ИСКУССТВО МОДЕЛИРОВАНИЯ Печатается по решению Ученых советов Института водных проблем Севера Карельского научного центра РАН и Санкт-Петербургского Экономико-математического института РАН Рисунок на обложке В.В. Меншуткина Издано в авторской редакции Сдано в печать 25.01.2010 г. Формат 60х841/8.

Бумага офсетная. Гарнитура Times. Печать офсетная.

Уч.-изд. л. 40,0. Усл. печ. л. 48,8. Тираж 300 экз. Изд. № 85. Заказ № Карельский научный центр РАН Редакционно-издательский отдел Петрозаводск, пр. А. Невского,

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 13 | 14 ||
 





 
© 2013 www.libed.ru - «Бесплатная библиотека научно-практических конференций»

Материалы этого сайта размещены для ознакомления, все права принадлежат их авторам.
Если Вы не согласны с тем, что Ваш материал размещён на этом сайте, пожалуйста, напишите нам, мы в течении 1-2 рабочих дней удалим его.