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Implications for Russia.. Geopolitical Position and Vulnerability of the Russian Federation... 6. Russia in American Foreign Policy Clinton Administration and Its Policy Toward Russia Russia Factor in Presidential Elections of 2000. Chapter IV. DISCUSSION OF INTERNATIONAL SECURITY PROBLEMS 7. American Approaches to International Security. NATO and Its Role in the New Century Security Debates in 2000-2002. 8. Russias Concept of International Security. NATO Enlargement and Russia.. Russian Strategy after Madrid. Chapter V. AMERICA IN RUSSIAN FOREIGN POLICY 9. Idea of Bilateral Strategic Partnership..

Pro-Western Approach: There is No Alternative to Russian American Partnership.. Neo-Imperialism or Back to Tradition?.. Contents 10. Policy of National Interest and Relations with the U.S.. New Foreign Policy Strategy Russias Identity in the New Century. CONCLUSION Chronology of Russian-American Relations (19922002).... Bibliography.. Index.. Acknowledgements. Summary... About the Author Acknowledgements A comparative study of Russian and American foreign policy thinking was started in 1992. Its first results were two monographs:

Russia and America: Russian Foreign Policy Thinking and Russian American Relations. M.: Moscow Public Science Foundation, (with V. Batyuk), and Russian Conservatives about Russias State hood. M.: Moscow Public Science Foundation, 1993.

In 19961997 I got a better chance to continue research thanks to the MacArthur Foundation individual research and writing grant, and to complete a comparative study of Soviet and Russian foreign policy elites. The results were summarized in a monograph Russian Foreign Policy Thinking: In Search of National Strategy also published with support of the Moscow Public Science Foundation (MPSF) in 1997.

During teaching courses on contemporary Russian and American foreign policy I felt urgent need for new text-books. However the first reader on Russian foreign policy Russian Foreign Policy: Doctrines and Alternatives was published in Hungarian. It was prepared on a joint basis with Hungarian Institute of Constitutional and Legal Policy (COLPI) and released in 1998 (Eds. A. Kortunov, I. Kiss, T. Shakleina).

After its successful presentation in Budapest Hungarian colleagues and the Ford Foundation found it possible to support preparation of the Russian edition. In 1999 in collaboration with the Moscow Public Science Foundation I prepared a three-volume anthology Foreign Policy and Security of Contemporary Russia. It was distributed to universities and libraries of the Russian Federation and the CIS and Baltic states.

Still the number of books was far from satisfying, and I started thinking of the second edition. Encouragement and financial support came from the Open Society Institute (Soros Foundation), Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), and a newly estab lished ISE-Center (Information. Scholarship. Education). A new edi tion Foreign Policy and Security of Contemporary Russia. 1991-2002

in four volumes was released in 2002.

In 2000-2001 the MacArthur Foundation approved and supported a more comprehensive comparative analysis of Russian and American foreign policy thinking to produce a book that can have a broad sphere of application. This monograph is presented for your attention.

The monograph is a result of ten years study. A comparative study would have been incomplete and hard to accomplish if there Acknowledgements were no opportunities to do research in the United States. I got finan cial, professional and organizational support from Russian and American colleagues, organizations and foundations. I would like to thank those who helped me in my endeavor:

John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, its Moscow office employees, Director T.D. Zhdanova, and Grants Coordinator E. Orlova;

International Research & Exchange Board (IREX), employees and Director of its Moscow office. Participation in IREX exchange programs in 19941995 and in 2000 was of great importance for my work;

Open Society Institute (Soros Foundation);

Institute of Constitutional and Legal Policy COLPI (Hungary);

Ford Foundation;

Institute of the USA and Canada Studies of the Russian Acad emy of Sciences, its Director Member-Correspondent of the Russian Academy of Sciences S. Rogov;

Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University), its Rector Professor A. Torkunov and Deputy Rector Professor A. Melville;

American Non-Government Organization Women in International Security (WIIS), its President Emeritus Catherine MacArdle Kelleher;

Director of the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences Professor L. Drobizheva;

President of ISE-Center (Information. Scholarship. Education) A. Kortunov (President of the Moscow Public Science Foundation till 2001) who encouraged Russian scholars to continue research and gave support to my initiatives.

I highly appreciate help and encouragement of the Deputy Di rector of the Institute of the USA and Canada Studies Professor V. Kremenyuk who insisted on studying American foreign policy theories and perfected my research skills.

There was always valuable advice from the Deputy Director of the Institute of the USA and Canada Studies Professor A. Bogaturov who supported me and was actively involved in preparation of an thologies and the monograph.

Theoretical issues were discussed with Professor E. Batalov, a well-known specialist in contemporary political theory who kindly shared his knowledge with me.

I have got indispensable help and friendly support from my American colleagues: A. Cohen (The Heritage Foundation), R. Gottemoeller (The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace), Acknowledgements D. Johnson (Center for Defense Information);

E. Kirk (American Asso ciation for the Advancement of Science);

I. Kiss (COLPI, Hungary);

A. Kuchins (The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace), J. Long (The Georgetown University);

M. Mandelbaum (SAIS);

G. Mattox (The Naval Academy);

Ch.W. Maynes (The Eurasia Foundation);

N. Noonan (Augsburg College);

Th. Noonan (University of Minneapo lis);

B. Parrott (SAIS);

I. Prizel (University of Pittsburgh);

J.D. Singer (Michigan University);

A.E. Stent (Georgetown University);

C. Weil (Maryland University);

W. Wohlforth (Dartmouth College);

D. Yergin (Cambridge Energy Research Associates CERA) and many others.

My warmest words are to my colleagues at the Institute of the USA and Canada Studies who keep scientific traditions and support creative atmosphere. Without their encouragement and friendly atti tude my work would be impossible.

I hope the book will be interesting to those scholars and students in Russia and the United States who study Russian and American for eign policy and problems of bilateral relations.

T.A. Shakleina September 28, Tatiana A. Shakleina RUSSIA AND THE UNITED STATES IN NEW WORLD ORDER Debates in Russian and American Academic and Political Communities (1991-2002) The monograph is a historiographic comparative analysis of de bates in Russian and American academic and political communities on issues of international and bilateral relations. Principal attention is given to the period of 1992-2000, however the author gives a brief re view of Soviet and American foreign policy thinking at the end of 1980s, and analyzes foreign policy disputes in Russia and the United States in 2001-2002.

The author examines how Russian and American scholars esti mate the results of the Cold War period, define evolving international order (Chapter I);

describes American concepts of global leadership (Chapter II);

analyzes how Russia estimates it role in world politics, and how its role and policy are understood in the United States (Chap ter III);

gives insight into security debates in both countries (Chapter IV);

highlights evolution of Russias foreign policy strategy and ap proaches to relations with the United States (Chapter V).

The author assumes that a better understanding of what have been suggested and discussed by Russian and American foreign pol icy elites during post-Cold War period is necessary for future bilat eral cooperation on academic and political levels.

The monograph has Chronology of Russian-American Relations, Index and Bibliography of Russian and American publications on the topics discussed.

About the author Tatiana A. Shakleina is Head of Section of Russian-American Re lations and Leading research associate at the Institute of the USA and Canada Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences. She got PhD in World History and International Relations in 1984 from the Institute of the USA and Canada Studies, is the author of more than 80 publications (monographs, chapters in collective monographs, arti cles, etc.) on American foreign policy, Russian foreign policy, Russian American relations. She is Associate Professor at Rossiiski Gosu darstvenni Gumanitarni Universitet (Russian State Humanities Uni versity), where she teaches history of Soviet-American and Russian American relations and contemporary history of international rela tions. She also teaches full course of Russian history at the Faculty of World Policy of Gosudarstvenni Universitet Gumanitarnikh Nauk (State University of Humanities) of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Tatiana A. Shakleina is Chair of Russian non-government asso ciation Women in Global Security (WINGS) that unites women scholars who specialize in foreign policy and security studies.

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