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196

ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE USSR

SIBERIAN BRANCH

TRANSACTIONS OF THE INSTITUTE OF GEOLOGY AND GEOPHYSICS

Issue 196

V. A. Zakharov, . S. Mesezhnikov

THE VOLGIAN STAGE

OF THE SUBARCTIC URAL

Edited by V. N. Sachs "N A U A " P U B L I S H E R S SIBERIAN BRANCH Novosibirsk 1974 . . , . . . .

1974 551.762.3 : 564.53 + 564. , . . , . . . 45 44 1 .

, .

The m o n o g r a p h is next in the series, dedicated to the description of the M e s o z o i c stages in the North of the USSR. The monograph presents the description of the V o l g i an stage sections in the Subarctic Ural eastern slope, the most complete and oroperly characterized by the diverse fauna. The possibility of delimitation of the V o l g i a n stage in the Arctic is grounded;

the diagram of the division of the sections and the zone cor relation of the V o l g i a n beds in Ural with the coeval deposits of the North of Eurasia are given.

The m o n o g r a p h treats of the zoogeographical zonation of the Volgian seas in the Boreal realm and considers the palaeogeographical environments of the V o l g i a n age.

The analysis of the z o n e complexes of the fossil organisms is madl.

45 species of the V o l g i a n ammonites and 44 species of the bivalves are described in the work.

The m o n o g r a p h is intended for g e o l o g i s t s and palaeontologists studying the M e s o zioc deposits and general problems of stratigraphy and palaeogeography. p. 175, phototab les 36, fig. 49, bibl. 244.

20801 3 5 4 8 7 055(02)-74 ~ () , 1974.

. , , , . , . , , , () , , .

(19541958, 19651966 .) . . . . , . . , . . ( ), . . . . ( ), . . . . ( ), . . ( ). , ( . , . . ), , . ( ). . . ( ).

. , , , . . . .

, , : . . , . . . . , . . , . . , . . . . , . . , . . . ( ) . . .

1, 3, 5, 6, 10 . . , 4, 7, 11 . . ,

2, 8, 9 . . . . .

- - () 634. , 438.

. . , . . . . .

( ) 1902 . . . , , . . . . . . (1940, 1944) , . , . . . Pecti natites, . . , , . , Pavlovia, Laugeites, Kachpurites Craspedites, . , , , , , . , , . , , , .

, ( ) ? ' , . . ?

, , , ( , 1 9 6 9 ). , , , , ( S p a t h, 1932;

Arkell, 1956;

C a l l o m o n, 1970;

., 1 9 7 0 ), .

, , . , .

, - . , -, .

, . . ( 1 8 8 1, 1884) , , . . . (1898, 1 9 0 7 ), , , . , Pectinatites boidini, Gravesia gigas, Kerberites triplicatus (=K. mosquen sis) . . . . , , . . , . . , , .

. ( 1 9 0 3, 1906) (Dorsoplanites, Virgatites, Craspedites) , - . ( 1 9 1 0 ), . ( 1 9 3 6 ). . . Pavlovia . ( S a u v a g e, 1912, 1922) , , , .

. . , . . , . . . .

1901 . . . . , . . , . . ( , , 1 9 4 1 ), , ( ) , beckeri.

1954 . ( ..., 1955) , . 1936 . . ( S p a t h, 1936) . Pavlovia, Dorsoplanites Laugeites, . . , ( ) .

1957 . . . ( 1 9 5 7 6 ) v i r g a t u s nikitini . Crendonites, Kerberi tes Behemoth. 1962 . , sokolovi klimovi, Subplanites Gravesia cf. gigas Glochiceras.

1964 . .

, , . , ( fallax) .

: V i r g a t o s p h i n c t i n a e, Gravesia O p p e l i i d a e ;

D o r s o p l a n i t i n a e V i r g a t i t i n a e ;

Craspeditidae.

, , , , .

- ( - ) . . , Subplanites (Ilowaiskya), Subdichotomoceras, Gravesia, Pectinatites, Pavlovia, Dorsoplanites, Crendonites, Titanites, Laugeites , . . . V i r g a t i t e s virgatus. , Titanites , Surites Subcraspedites - .

. ( Z e i s s, 1 9 6 8 ), - (Kutek, 1964, 1962) , - . , Sutneria Pectinatites ianschini ( I l o v. ) - . . , - . . .

, , , .

, - . beckeri, fallax a u t i s s i o d o r e n s i s - . , .

, a l b a n i , , Aulacos iephanus Gravesia, 1965 .

, . .

, , . , , , , .

, , . ( ) (. . ) , , - , , - , . , * , ' ( 1 8 5 0 ) , , . ' - ' , ;

.

' ;

.

, . ( 19 ) , , , , .

, , , - . , ( , , , 1 9 6 8 ). , . . a.lbani nikitini Epivirgatites . , , . , , . , . , , . , . . , - , .

, . . . . ( 1 9 6 6 ). , .

Subplanites (Ilowaiskya) klimovi, Subplanites (Ilowaiskya) sokolovi Subplanites (How.) pseudo scythicus, Dorsoplanites panderi ( Pavlovia pavlovi Zaraiskites zaraiskensis), Virgatites virgatus ( V i r g a t i t e s v i r g a t u s V i r g a t i t e s r o s a n o v i ) E p i v i r g a t i t e s nikitini;

Kachpurites fulgens, Craspedites subditus Craspedites nodiger ( Craspedites mosquensis Craspedites nodiger).

I 1.

18331834 . , ( , 1834, 1 8 3 5 ). . . , . , - , .

. (1840), ' (1845) ( 1 8 6 8 ) , , . ' , . Ammonites sagitta ( E i c h w a l d, 1868, . X X X V, . 1) Laugeites, - .

. . , 1881 .

( , 1887, 1890, 1896, 1 8 9 7 ), , , , . . . . . , , , Craspedites okensis ( O r b. ). , , . . . 1886 .

. . : ( . . , . , . . . . ) , , . , ( ) ( ) ... , 63 . . .

. . Oxynoticeras tolijense Nik. ( , 1884, . 65, . II, . 7, 8 ), . . . (1944) , 1966 . Garnierice ras (?) tolijense ( N i k. ) Hectoroceras cf. kochi S p a t h p. .

- . . . . . 19001901 . . ( ). . . , ( ) (, 1916, . 8 9 ). , . . , . . . X I ( , 1902) . . . . :

Polyptychites lamplughi Perisphinctes giganteus Perisphinctes pallasi Stephanoceras portlandicus Stephanoceras portlandicus , -, Eosphinctoceras Subdichotomoceras (Sphinctoceras), ^Perisphinc tes pallasi* Pavlovia, a Perisphinctes giganteus, , Dorsoplanites ex gr. maximus.

, , . . - . .

1902 1904 . . . . . , .

. ( , - , , ) . . ( 1 9 0 6 ) , . . , . ( 1 9 0 3 ) . . ( , 1906, 1 9 1 7 ), , Pavlovia iatriensis I l o v. = Perisphinctes aff. biplex L o r. ( S o w. ), Pavlovia vogulica I l o v. ( p. , , Perisphinctes stschurovskyi Mich.).

, . P. iatriensis . . Pavlovia kurbskyi. . , Perisphinctes stschurovskyi ( , 1890, . 2 5 4 ), P e r i s p h i n c t e s s t s c h u r o v s k y i , , P a v l o v i a v o g u l i c a , P a v l o v i a iatriensis . , Perisphinctes pal lasi . . ( , 1 9 1 0 ).

, . . , Pavlovia. , , . . ( 1 9 1 7 ) .

1932 . . . . ( , , 1937, ;

, 1946) , . . . . . , , ( , 1944).

1935 . . . . , , ( . . ) - - ( . ) . - ( ). 1955 . . . . . , . , . ( - , . - , - ), , , . - . - , , . . , , , .

. . ( 1 9 3 6 ) ( ) , . . . .

. . ( , , 1937) . . , Craspedites oken sis ( . . ) . .

. . (1939) , , . . , ( Cardioceras ex g r. alternans) ( Aulaco stephanus e x gr. eudoxus) , ( . . ) Craspedites okensis.

1940 ., X V I I . . . . . . . , Aulacostephanus Aulacostephanus eudoxus, ( Pectinatites, Pavlovia), . , , ( ). , ( ) .

, . . ( , 1 9 4 4 ). , . . , . . , . . ., . . . , . . . .

U ( Pectinatites Pav lovia), ( Laugeites stschurovskii) ( Kachpurit.es Craspedites okensis). . . Pectinatites, . : . . Laugeites stschurovskii , .

, . . .

19521954 1957 . . . ( ). , . . ( , 1 9 5 7 ). , . . Dorsoplanites , . . . . , Divisosphinctes ( . . , Divisosphinctes;

Subdichotomoce ras S p a t h Eosphinctoceras g e n. n o v., ).

1948 . . - . . . , . . , . . . . .

) ;

. , . . , , ( , 1957, 1 9 5 8 ).

, . . , . . , . 19571959 . . . . - . ( . . ), . ( . . . . ). . . . , - .

, , , . .

, , . . ( 1 9 5 8 ). . . . , Pavlovia Strajevskya . .

19531954 . , .

w Pavlovi a i a t r i Pavlov tes a f f.

biplex kurbsk;

phinc vogulica Peris Pavlovia . isis MET [a _ _ si |i - I "S 5.

() 5. S !

ils-s is D. - 2^ ( 3 a ' acoste eudox eudox -1 1/ 1 osph inc si apjj.

C D -* "- inc " ' /) & 3 Eh ) X ( ) ( ) . . , . . , . . , . . , . . , 1964 1964, Garniericeras tolijense Paracrasped. aff.

spassikensis Hectoroceras kochi X Craspedites subditus Craspedites nodiger Craspedites subditus Kaclipurites fulgens Kachpuritcs fulgens Epilaugeites vogu Laugeites groenlan Laugeites (?) voguli licus dicus cus Laugeites groenlan dicus fct Laugeites borealis Crendonites Crendonites spp. Crendonites spp.


Dorsoplanites maximus Dorsoplanites ma Dorsoplanite ximus maximus . a., Dorsoplanites ilo Dorsoplanites Dorsoplanites ilovaiskii vaiskii ilovaiskii Q Strajev. stra Strajevskya strajevskyi Strajevskya jevskyi strajevskyi Is P. iatriensis P. iatriensis . Pavlovia iatriensis Pectinatites lideri Pectinatites lideri Pectinatites lideri Subdichotomoceras subcrassum Subdichotomoceras subcrassum Subdichotom. subcras sum Eosphinctoceras Gravesia ( ? ) triplicate magnum 1 * Virgataxioceras fallax ss Virgataxioceras di x o. s, 5 . viduum X . ex E X s 2 . . , M. . , , . . ( ), , ( , 1959;

, 1959;

, 1957;

, , 1 9 6 2 ).

1954 . . . . . ( , 1 9 5 9 ), ( , , 1 9 6 2 ).

, , 300 ( , 1 9 5 9, 1 9 6 0 ). . Divisosphinctes* . S u b d i c h o t o m o c e r a s spp., P a v l o v i a iatriensis P e c t i n a t i t e s, P a v l o v i a strajevskyi, D o r s o p l a n i t e s kurbskyi, Dorsoplanites spp., B e h e m o t h, P a v l o v i a ( ? ) v o g u l i c a L a u g e i t e s stschrovskii.

H. . (1961a, 6;

1962) : Pavlovia iatriensis P a v l o v i a iatriensis S t r a j e v s k y a strajeskyi, D o r s o p l a n i t e s p a n d e r i f o r m i s.

, , , 1960 . ( , , 1961;

..., 1 9 6 1 ). 1963 .

. . ( , 1 9 6 3 ). 60- - . , . . . . ( 1 9 6 3 ).

1964 . . . . , . . , ( 1 9 6 9 ), . . .

. . (1964, 1 9 6 6 ), V i r g a t o s p h i n c t i n a e Dorsoplanitinae, . P a v l o v i a iatriensis S t r a j e v s k y a s t r a j e v s k y i P. iatriensis. : . m a x i m u s i l o v a i s k i i, , ( ., 1 9 6 5 ).

, : ( , 1964;

, , 1964, 1 9 6 6 ), ( , 1964;

, 1 9 6 8 ), Asfartidae (, 1970).

. . ( 1 9 7 2 ) . . ( 1 9 6 4 ). . . , . . . ( 1 9 6 8 ). , , . . , . . . . (1968, ) ( . 1 ). . ( ..., 1 9 6 9 ). .

. Craspedites subditus 0,5 ( ) Craspedites cf.

taimyrensis B o d y l. ( , ., 1 9 7 2 ), Craspedites nodiger.

2.

. . ( . ) . ( . ). , . . , , - , , . . (. 1 ).

, , . ( . - ) . , . 2 5 5 0 . ( . ) . 7 0 8 0 .

4 5 5 0 .


, , , , . , , , . , 200 ( . - . ), .

, , ( V i r g a t a x i o c e r a s d i v i d u u m ) H e c t o r o c e r a s kochi .

2* . 1. .

: / -;

2 ;

3 ;

4 ;

5 ;

6 ;

7 - ;

8 - ;

9 - ;

10 ;

11 . - ;

12 ;

13 , ;

14 . ;

15 . ;

: 16 . ;

17 . - ;

18 . . - .

, , , - j \ . j I . - 12 (. 72,9084,0 ) 9 (. 114,2129,5 ), . ( ) :

, 1. -, -, , , , . Pec tinatites sp. indet., Astarte spp., Entolium sp., Monotis ( ? ). , (As tarte . ), 6 2. - , 1,54, 3. -, , , Dor soplanites sp 0, 4. -, , . (Entolium, Astarte, Pinna, Liostrea, Uralella, Zeilleria) . Laugeites cf. borealis Mesezhn. 1,5 5. 3 0,10, 6. - , -, , , - . Craspedites sp., Acroteuthis (Microbelus) aff. russiensis (Orb.), Musculus strajeskianus (Orb.), Entolium nummulare (Orb.), Pinna abrupta Eichw., Myidae. ( . . . . . .. , . . . . ) 6 . V i r g a t a x i o c e r a s d i v i d u u m, , , / ",, ~, ~7~^ 1 , - ^ --^ * -400 ^00- 600^ Aulaccstep- Viraataxio-Eosphlncto-Subdichoiomo hanus ceras ceras ceras eudoxus dividuum mcgnmn subcrassum . 2. ( ) . 7 ( 41.) , , ( . 2 ).

Virgataxioceras dividuum (4 ) 1. - . .

: : Virgataxioceras di viduum M e s e z h n., Aulacostephanus (A.) cf. pseudomutabilis anglicus ( S t e u e r ), A. (Aulacostephanoceras) undorae ( P a v l ) ;

: Astarte (Astarte) lopsiyaensis improvisa Zakh., Meleagrinella subovalis Zakh., Plicatula sp., Isognomon s p. indet., Placunopsis s p. indet., Goniomya s p. indet., Nuculoma s p. indet., Gastrochaena s p. indet., Gram matodon schourovskii ( R o u i l l., ) Oxytoma (Oxyioma) sp. indet., Thracia sp. indet., Liostrea. gibberosa Z a k h. s p. n o v., Camptonectes (Camptonec ies) lens ( S o w. ), Plagiostoma ( ? ) e x gr. grandis R o e m e r, Limatula con sobrina ( d ' O r b. ), Entolium nummulare (d'Orb.)., : Pleuroto maria munsteri d'Orb.

, Eosphinctoceras m a g n u m (3 ) 2. , , , - , - .

: Eosphinctoceras gracilecostatum M e s e z h n., . cf. magnum M e s e z h n., E. sp., : Astarte (Astarte) supraextensa Zakh., Thracia sp. indet., Nucula sp. indet.

Subdichotomoceras subcrassum ( 2 v.) 3. , , .

: : Subdichotomoceras (Subdichotomoceras) grande M e s e z h n., S. (Sphinctoceras) cf. subcrassum M e s e z h n, Eosphinctoceras s p. ind.;

: Pachyteuthis (Simobelus) mammilaris ( E i c h w. ) : Astarte (Astarte) sup raextensa Zakh.

4. 1 .

P e c t i n a t i t e s lideri ( 4 ) 5. , 3 Pectinatites (Pectinatites) lopsien sis Michlv., P. (P.) sp., P. (P.) fedorovi sp. n o v.

2 .

6. - , - , - , , . 1012 Liostrea, Pleuromya. 15 .

Dorsoplanites ilovaiskii ( 4 ) 7. Dorsoplanites ilovaiskii M e s e z h n., D. ovalis M e s e z h n., Lima, Liostrea, Pleuromya, , .

Dorsoplanites maximus (45 ) 8. . Dorsoplanites ex gr. maximus S p a t h, Lima, Liostrea, Myophorel la, Pleuromya, Pholadomya, Pinna.

Laugeites groenlandicus (34 ) 9. - - - , . Laugeites s p. indet.

Kashpurites fulgens ( 5 ) 10. Craspedites aff. fragilis (.), Cylindro teuthis s p.

. Pavlovia (Pallasice ras) iatriensis Ilov. p. , H. . (, , 1937) -- (. I i vlg vlg]- - -170 .2?

l/irgataxiocems I CD . 3. . 35 . ( 27 2 8 ).

/ ;

2 ;

3 ;

4 ;

5 .

. . ). , 11 . 40 .

. 35 . ( . 3 ).

V i r g a t a x i o c e r a s dividuum (6 ) 1. , , , , Virga taxioceras dividuum Mesezhn. : Grammatodon schourovskii ( R o u i l l. ), Pholadomya s p. indet. 0,30,5 .

2. - !. Virgataxioceras sp.

1,5 .

3. . 1,5 23 , Astarte Liostrea. , . 4 .

: Virgataxioceras sp.

juv., Aulacostephanus s p. ind., Perisphinctes g e n. et s p. ind.;

:

Pachyteuthis (P.) sp., P. (Simobelus) sp.;

:

Astarte (Astarte) niyayuensis Zakh., Liostrea s p. indet., Nuculoma sp., Grammatodon schourovskii ( R o u i l l. ), Musculus cf. uralensis (d'Orb.), Camptonectes (Camptonectes) lens ( S o w. ), Limatula consobrina (d'Orb.), Entolium nummulare ( F i s c h. ). Pinna s p. indet.;

: Reinholdella (Pseudolamarckina) lopsiensis Leniiculina iatriensis [Geinitzinita nodulosa ( F u r s s. et P o l. ), Lenticulina sua D a i n, L. iatriensis D a i n, L. (Astacolus) messezhnikovi D a i n, Reinholdella (P seudolamar cki na) lopsiensis D a i n, Saracenaria ex g r. ilovaiskii F u r s s. et P o l., Marginu lina polenovae D a i n, Marginulinopsis ex g r. kazakhstanica (Kasanzev)].

. Eosphinctoceras m a g n u m (3,5 ) 4. .

: : Eosphinctoceras magnum M e s e z h n., . cf. gracilecostatum M e s e z h n., E. cf. gravesiforme M e s e z h n., Gravesia sp.;

: Anomia s p. indet., Plagiostoma ex gr. grandis R o e m e r. 2,5 .

5. - , . . , Astarte Liostrea.

: : Eosphinctoceras cf.

magnum M e s e z h n., E. sp., : Pachyteuthis (Simobelus) mammi laris ( E i c h w. ) ;

: Astarte (Astarte) uralensis Zakh., Liostrea gibberosa Z a k h. s p. n o v., . (C.) lens ( S o w. ), Grammatodon schourovskii ( R o u i l l. ), Entolium nummulare ( F i s c h. ) ;

: Euli ma laeviuscula S c h m i d t, Pseudomelania laevigata M o r r. et. L y e ;

: Septaliphoria cf. rotunda Makridin. 1 .

S u b d i c h o t o m o c e r a s s u b c r a s s u m ' 6. - , , . Liostrea, Astarte, , , .

: : Subdichotomoceras (Sphinctoceras) cf. grandis M e s e z h n., S. (S.) tolijense Mesezhn.;

: Cylindroteuthis aff. obeliscoides Pavl.;

:

Grammatodon schourovskii ( R o u i l l. ), Musculus uralensis ( d ' O r b. ), Lima tula consobrina ( d ' O r b. ). 0,5 .

P e c t i n a t i t e s lideri 7. 6 Pectinatites (P.) fedorovi Mesezhn. Pectinatites .

8. 1015 .

9. - , - , - , , - , .

Pavlovia (Pallasiceras) cf. iatrien sis I l o v. e m. Mich'ly., Strajevskya strajevskyi ( I l o v ). Dor soplanites cf. ilovaiskii M e s e z h n., D. cf. ovalis M e s e z h n., Strajevskya cf.

hoffmanni (Ilov.).

, , Dorsoplanites maximus S p a t h, D. cf. maximus Spath. ( 500 , . . ), D. cf. triplex S p a t h, D. aff. flavus Spath, D. cf. panderiformis M i c h l v., D. aldingeri S p a t h, Pavlovia (Pallasi ceras) ex gr. commune S p a t h, Cylindroteuthis (Lagonibelus) rosanovi G u s t o m., Liostrea.

: Pachyteuthis (Simobelus) mammilaris (Eichw,). 1520 .

10. 68 .

Laugeites groenlandicus ( 2 ) (. 4 ) 11. , , - , - , . ? 4 !ZD . 4. () . ( 2 6 ).

/ ;

2 ;

3 ;

4 ;

5 ;

6 .

, 0,20,5 1,5 . . , ( , ), , .

: Laugeites cf. borea lis M e s e z h n. ;

: Lagonibelus ( L. ) sibiricus S a c h s et Naln.;

: Panopea berealis E i c h w., Gresslya keyserlingi Zakh. sp. nov.

Epilaugeites vogulicus (0,51,0 ) 12. - , , - . , . . ( ) .

: : Epilaugeites sp., Laugeites s p. indet.: : Cucullaea siberica ( d ' O r b. ), Mytilus (Falcimytilus) acronasus Z a k h. sp. n o v., Musculus uralensis ( d ' O r b. ), Musculus strajeskianus (d'Orb.).

Kachpurites fulgens (2,53,5 ) 13. 12, .

Kachpurites fulgens ( T r d. ), . sp. indet. : Cucullaea siberica ( d ' O r b. ), Musculus strajeskianus (d'Orb.), M. uralensis d ' O r b. Camtonectes (Camptonectes) lens ( S o w. ), Panopea borealis E i c h w., Arctica cf. cancriniana ( d ' O r b. ), Gresslya keyserlingi Z a k h. sp. n o v. 1,5 .



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, , , , 1-2 .