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28 : Miller S.I., Fredericks M. Reliabilism Naturalized // Social Epistemology. 2002. Vol. 16, 4. P. 367376.

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35 Kornblith H. Knowledge and its Place in Nature. Oxford, 2002. P. 57.

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39 Ibid. P. 46.

40 Ibid. P. 217.

41 Ibid. P. 219.

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Contents Ilya Kasavin. The Principle of Charity: Is the Cognitive Agent Worth Trusting? The principle of charity (a principle of rational accommodation, a principle of humanity) is broadly discussed in the analytical philosophy of language as a prerequisite of understanding and communication (W. Quine, D. Davidson). It represents a kind of epistemic trust in the common abilities of the knowing agent and common cognitive situation. In contrast to this, the skeptical tradition rooted in Descartes puts an accent on the critical doubt as a main epistemological tool. The clash between the epistemological optimism (realism) and skepticism (relativism) generates a significant problem situation for those who endorse fact objectivism and reject the social epistemological vision of the cognitive agent.

Key words: charity, epistemic trust, realism, fact objectivism, rule following, relativism, social epistemology, Quine, Davidson.

Jennifer Lackey. A Deflationary Account of Group Testimony. How should we understand group testimony as a source of knowledge? According to a reductionist account, a groups testimony that p is epistemologically reducible to the testimony of some individual(s). In contrast, a non reductionist account of these phenomena maintains that in some very important sense, the group itself is the bearer of the state. In this paper, I raise problems for both views and then develop my own deflationary account, according to which the epistemic status of a groups testimony is reducible to that of one or more individuals, though not necessarily ones who are members of the group in question.


Key words: testimony, knowledge, reductionism, non reductionism, deflationism.

Ivan Mikirtumov. Compositionality and Its Pragmatics. The article discusses the bases of an explication of statements in general intensional logic and in logical pragmatics. The problem of the status of the statement as a pragmatical action and its analysis get special importance for intensional logic, and so does the search for an answer to the question of how the sense of paradoxical expression functions in language. For a subject of knowledge who has linguistic competence and certain logical semantic intuitions a paradoxical statement is clearly understandable and this fact should receive an explication by means of a logical theory of sense.

The pragmatics of non compositional expressions is analyzed by the author.

Key words: compositionality, theory of sense, semantics, pragmatics.

Sergey Merzlyakov. Can Zombies Dream? One of the most debated issues in contemporary philosophy of mind is the problem of the status of private states of consciousness. The author analyzes the concept of epiphenomenalism and refers to the mechanism of the reward system to indicate that qualia can be the cause of behavior. The article deals with the thought experiment philosophical zombie which allows to show that qualia are an integral part of the modeling system. The author concludes that the private state of mind can cause an emotional response to a simulated situation.

Key words: subjectivity, imagination, qualia, consciousness, the hard problem of consciousness.

Konstantin Frolov. A Contribution to the Critique of Representationalism. The article deals with the basic ideas and approaches to the problem of perception and consciousness, which are known as representationalism. The author describes the specifics of higher order theories of perception of W.

Lycan and higher order thought theory of D. Rosenthal. Also he discusses some features of a non reductive version of representationalism in connection with arguments of D. Chalmers, who prefers Freges interpretation of content of experience to Russells version. Finally, the author addresses several critical arguments which concern the difficulties met by representationalism in cases when it becomes necessary to take into consideration cultural, historical and semantic context of various events and phenomena in the framework of human perception.

Key words: representation, intentionality, qualia, explanandum, contextual dependence.

Antonina Pozdnyakova. Psychologism as a Paradigm non grata: from D. Humes Philosophy of Consciousness to the Critique by M. Heidegger. The article discusses M. Heideggers attempts to overcome such problems of philosophy of knowledge as the relativization of knowledge, the loss ontological character of cognizable things, the transformation of truth as a mode of absolute Dasein authenticity to the situation assessment in the truth or false conditional judgments. It is stated that M.Heideggers psychologism is founded on the ontological proposition about the identity of being and thinking. The M.Heideggers philosophy is discussed as an alternative to psychologism.

Key words: philosophy of knowledge, psychologism, skeptical relativism, ontological proposition, M. Heidegger.

Alexander Khramov. Are Naturalized Epistemology and Evolutionism Compatible? The naturalistic approach to the justification of knowledge and its compatibility with evolutionism are discussed in the present study. Naturalists want to establish reliability of our cognitive faculties by reference to natural selection. But according to the evolutionary argument against naturalism, which was suggested by Alvin Plantinga, if our cognitive apparatus has been produced by the blind evolutionary process, its reliability would be low. Author elaborates this argument and argues that we should admit failure of naturalized epistemology or return to the teleogical world view.

Key words: naturalism, knowledge, evolutionism, cognition.

Gerasimova I., Milkov V. Paley Explanatory about a Universe and Knowledge. Paley Explanatory the encyclopedic monument of Ancient Russia, supposedly created in the pre Mongol period. The ontological and epistemological perspective of Paley is of interest. The authors discuss some of its features: a combination of originality of ancient science and everyday experience, the reasoning and mentality of ancient scribe.

Key words: old book learning, Paley, Hexaemeron, picture of the world, anthropology, knowledge, antique science, everyday experience, argumentation.

Evgeny Blinov The Anatomy of Labyrinth: Hume On Personal Identity. The topic of this article is one the most discussed subjects in contemporary Humean studies the problem of personal identity. Hume placed the section Of personal identity at the very end of the first book of his Treatise of Human Nature in order to demonstrate the efficiency of a new experimental method in the domain of moral subjects. However, many scholars claim that the way he treats this problem reveals a fundamental methodological conflict of the Treatise between the Newtonian physicalism and naturalism, i.e. between the theory of the bundle of perceptions and Humean moral psychology, created under the influence of Hutcheson. The author discusses the historical aspect of the problem and suggests that it consists in the polemics against both Cartesian rationalism and Locke, as well as the genesis of Humes own theory of ideas.

Key words: David Hume, personal identity, theory of ideas, bundle of perceptions, John Locke, synchrony and diachrony.

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