, , ,

<<


 >>  ()
Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 7 |
-- [ 1 ] --

FB2:, 07 April 2009, version 1.0

UUID: 26c6223a-64f3-102c-9c68-5025ca853da2

PDF: fb2pdf-j.20111230, 13.01.2012

, , , , , -

, . . , , . , , , .

.

, . 蠖 , .

1 PEBO E aa 2 PEPOBAHE aa 3 OPAH PABEH PE aa 4 TOBAPHA PA aa 5 OHOBA PA aa 6 HKOHPOBAH BATHO P aa 7 EPCH TOPOB aa 8 KPH PACET HA PEBO PHKE ( 30 ( ), , , (, , , ), ), , , , ( .. ), INTERFINANCE ( , , www.deniscredit.ru).

(), (), ( ) . .. , (), , , , , - .

.

: ( , , ), ( , ), ( , ).

. . . ( .. ).

PEBO E 1.1. pea opo , , .

 : , , , , , , , , , ( .. . --: , 2006.).

, , , .

, . .

(, ) , , , .

, .

. , , , .

:

( , , );

, ;

;

:

, ();

, (, ..);

(, , ..).

, (, ) .

, .

, () () , , .

, ( ) ( ) ().

, ( ) .

蠖 (, ) , ( ..

. --: , 2006.).

, . , - , , , , , . . , , , ;

, , , . , , ( , , ).

( ) , , . . , , . . , , () , , , , , . , . . : , , , ( .. . --: , 2006.).

Oco peo eࠖ pea . Booee peo opo ocec opeoc pa a pooca, a . p o opo ceye paccapa aece cyero ea ey pooco ee cpeo. ea caea opaa pooca peycapae oeceee ero ce eoxo eea: paoe co, peea cpeca pya. B o e pe pooco oa e opayec pa caoo poecca oca. Oo cy yoeope opeoce oeca, ceoaeo, poee poy oe oee o oeoo opee. C pooca c opoe oo peca cey opao (cxea 1).

Cxea 1. C pooca c opoe Haoee pacpocpae oo ca ceye op ooo opo (cxea 2).

Cxea 2. Ocoe op ooo opo pea opo poca ooo oaoo (ecoo) pa pap. pa xapaep ceye ep:

opo pooc peypo (eeeo);

ee ocoo c aco (yo) poo op ocyce opae oapo, xc oeo y-poa;

oap oae cycye p poee opa;

oo opro eec eo ap , oce oepa y-poa oap cpay e epeaec py py, o cae eoxooc oope ceax oyeo, oepax cey cocea;

ea a oap ycaaaec a ocoe cpoca peoe;

oyae oapa, a pao, ec ero e opeee;

oae p ocya ocoo oe eppop.

Oco epa pap c: ee oec xapaep (pap oo pooc o pa ro);

eee opo ope acoo (yoo) opa;

opo ceec oapa o opaa, oca, aaoa (pe oap, a pao, e pcycye). B c c poae apa py ap c ocpoe cpoo epea eo oyae eoxo ceaa oyea, oepaa epeay paa coceoc a oap (ooop, opa), ocoe op paa poee opa opa, peypye papeae cop. B o cyae ea a oap ycaaaec peyae cpoca peoe, oyaee a pape eco oeoro opee cyae epey (ocpe). pap ocya oe eppop c cyo pa eyapooro opooo oopoa.

pea opo opaa ce ep a oo poo, a papoo opo, oa opayec poa oee caoo poecca po, pao ee oee eoo exaa, a ocec a (xepoa) epeco a poao, a oyaee o eaopx ee e. Ta opao, pea eeoc npecae coo caocoey opy oepeco eeoc c e noye np. Oa:

oeppyec ecax pooca opee oapo, .e pyx poex pox epax;

eec o ceec a oapo, a aae pe oapa, py ap;

eec ocyce oapa o opaa, oca, aaoa, a ae opaa ooopa a x ocay yye pao a aee ax ooopo yye;

pooc peypo, yae oooc oepa cpoca peoe, poao oyaee o pee pocpace;

aec acoc opo, .e ce eae oy oy cepay opa o oeax aex poecce opo eo caaxc eax;

xapaepyec coo eoopaoae, .e e oppyc cooec co cpoco peoee, ee eco oypee, o eoco yo peapy a eyc oypy pa;

eec pe ocpea, oope oy cya o e epecax eocpecex pooee opeee oapo.

peoe ocpeeco peo opoe ocyecec ceo pe ocpea蠖 poepc pa, poepc oopa eac poepa. pa a aoa e pae cya aece peoo ocpea;

peycapae ocyce poo ocyapceoo oec a poecc peoo opa;

eec o e copec coc aooaeo yepe paa, ece oopx peypye caac po (c cooae ox oyeo oope coepe ceo);

ocyecec p a opeeex peoa yo oca poax oapo;

paaae a ocox caapa, xapaepyx;

aeco ey oapa, eoc oeo y-poa.

pa a accec cy poo , oppy oo po oapo, ee opaaoy, ooecy pecy (paoy) oco. Oa pecae coo xopoo oopyoaoe pooe eco, peocaeoe pacopee poeccoao peoo opa poepo epo.

, !

 , !

C ooeco o pe pa o opaoa opeeeo ece, peypo ecy o ycaoe paa oo po, a opo coepac opo e yaa, ooa opo oapa o opaa caapa opaa a x ocay yye, a ae ao peoee eaa o ea, oao ycaoe a ocoe cpoca peoe pa ec pec o, oaa oocoe yeco, e yecee e eyecee paa oaoc. Oa oe o coeo e aa ooop e ce, co oeo cye, ocyapceo apae, peeco (appao) cye.

1.2. y p ԕy p: pex copa poee acx yx opo, a eo:

1.Opaa opaa pex po;

papaoa pa peo po;

aepao-execoe oeceee opo;

apoa aapa p.

opaa opo pa pee ceo oa pacoaa xopoo oopyoa po eco (pe ao), oopoe oo ea ocaoo ooe oeco poao oyaee, yx op peo op. cooae copeex epox cpec c e peye eco pcyc opyx oo ece, a ooe ec opro epe epoe oepe epa.

Ho o cyae pa paa oece cooey cc .

Opaa opo peye o p papao cpooo coe pa opo, .e. op pa oee ya .

aepao-execoe oeceee opo ae oopyae peoro aa, paox ec yaco po, oepoe oeceee cex poecco a pe ..

ee pex po pa oa pacoaa coo apoa ao copyo.

2. pyo ye p ec papaoa pex opao, oopa ae:

caapa peoa aece xapaepca pex oapo;

caapa paepo ap oapo;

paoy ex peoa pacea o pe ce.

pa ycaaae ece peoa e apa, oope oycac pe opa. Ha ocoe x peoa papaaac pee caap, oope yac pooe opee a oapx pax, a ae ea ecopa a oox pax.

cope oope aex ceo cococy oe pee opa, oope papaaac pa.

3. Papeee cnopo no pe cea.

B poecce pex opo cy cax pax p (oa, oa oaa, eea paoa ocyaero epcoaa ..) oo cya ooe copx cya , . .

4. Bee peypoae pex e.

pa yacye oppoa peypoa e a ce pex oapo. Koepa cpoca peoe a pe, aee ooro oeca ceo ca e epox aopo a ey, ea ee acao p eo peaoy cpocy peoe. pea ea ycaaaec poecce ee opo, oopa paccapaec a aoee aa y p. p o o opoo noa cpoae e a pe eee aoo ee pao;

pecpa ypca a ex ya;

ey pex oapo. Kopoae e o pecpa pex e no pe npaa c x noceye nyae.

ya e a pee oap cy opepo poao oyaee, ooae paoa co cpae oee a oepex pex opax.

5. peoe cpaxoae (xepoae) yaco peo opo o eaopx x oea e. oro a pe coyc ceae ceo exa x ae. Bo aay cpaxoa yaco peoro opa, pa e coo opaye opo, coo ee ocyae pa coae yco oo, o oyae poa peaoo (aoo) oapa o coey ea o oopeeo pa yace cooecyx pex opax aece eo yaco. o oae oepe pe, peae e pox ceyo, yea co opyx a eocpeceo, a epe ocpeo.

6. apapoae noe ceo ocaec nocpeceo pex cce pa paceo. oro pa coye ccey eax paceo ye aea ax , .

7. opaoa eeoc p.

Baee ye p c cop pecpa pex e c ocey x ooee yae, peocaee ea, pa py aepecoa opaa, a eyapo po opa o a oapo o opaa poa oo a ocoe coxc pex caapo, ee ya aeax, ypaax, opaox aecax.

1.3. B p K npaa acca p ooc:opaa p);

peoro oapa;

p opraa (po ocyapca paooe ooee (cayc p);

opa yac oceee pex opax;

oeaypa oapo, xc oeo peoo opa;

eco po poo opoe;

cepa eeoc;

peoaa pex ceo;

xapaep eeoc.

1. B poo npae acoc o a peoro oapa npo e oape oapo-cpee, ooe, ae p p pya. Coaco aoy P oapx pax peo poe "o oapo pe noaec opaa c npaa pecoo a, oppya ono po nye opaa peypoa peo o-o, ocyeceo ope acx nyx opo, npoox apaee onpeeeo ece onpeeeoe pe no ycaoe e npaa".[1] Coae aoepx oec, poc yca pep a, cooae ocyapco ex ya oocpooro ecpoa acpoa ocyapcex popa oa po oe eco pacpeoc pa ex ya a eoxooc peypoa x e co copo ocyapca. o epe oppoa pa ex ya oae eoxooc ypee ceax opao, ocoo ye oopx c opo peypoae oopoa ex ya, ee yeca p.

Ta coa ooe p, cyecoae oopx oycoeo poo pao yopoa acox po.

ooe p pa ae pooy, apay eey epapxecy, epay ccey opaceoro epepaceee acox . ooy ooa pa npecae coo nocoo ecy peypye po ex ya.

Oa coae oooc oa acox pecypco x cooa p oocpoo ecpoa ocyapcex popa oa.

Ceye oe, o a pyeo copeee ooe p pepac e oo opa, peypye aoae acoe p cpa, e o paeac, o opaa, opeee op, apae xapaep pa eyapox xocex ce.

opaa ocya pa ocpao a coac ceae ae p. Bae p cy coe ce po a copeeo ae aoee eco opopyc co copo cyapca ( e aa Pocc) oe o pyx o p. poo o ceecye, o aee po ao p ye oocoea o opo e yaa.

Ocooe oeco p, ox Pocc 1990-1991 ., poc a oape oapo-ooe. co oox ax p paec e o.

B epe o eeoc ae cpae ocycoao aooaeoe paeee p a oape, ooe ae, ooy oape p opoa a oapa, a e yaa, a ooe ceapoac oo a ex yaax. B acoee pe oape p e pao opoa e yaa oo p a ceaoro oooro oea cooecye e a opro e yaa.

oee ceax oapo-oox p poccco ooe cao c e, o copee ocpea (opoa) oee paoa a oo pe oopeeo a c oapa, a c e yaa. Kpoe oo, paeee po peye o poaa e oo ooeoro pee, o ooex cpec, apep, a oyy pa opo a pax pax. yaec, aeee pae pa ycee oypeo op ooe Pocc opeye ceaa p. o ye peyao pa caoo pa eaco o eaeca rocyapca poe .

2. o npny opaa (po ocyapca coa p) eo paa a a p:

yo-paoe (ocyapcee p);

aco-paoe (ace p).

, oce yo-paoo xapaep, Pocc opo ocyapco coac a ocoe aoa P o pax. eo ao p oe ca o pepae aoo aoa, aece opo peecp e opeee aep oopoa. a, e ec ea p, ae ovcac coepe oepa coaco popeae pao ea. Tae p pacpocpae Epoe (pa, e, oa).

p, ee aco-paoo xapaep, paoa A, CA. Ha p op ocy oo yoro pya , xox pey . co eo ax p opaeo. p oro a c ae oeca. x yca aa ec a opeeeoe oeco ae (cepao). Ka e p oe aee xo ooro a (cepaa), oop ae ey pao aa ce oee p.

copec p Pocc e cayc yo-paooro ya, axoeoc o opoe eocpeceo ee ceax ocyapcex opao ypae. Tao cayc pocccx p oycoac epaoc opoo-ocpeeco eeoc ae cpae eocao pyx acx aao, cocox oece opaoe x yopoae.

p opaa p Pocc 1990-1991 . a ceaa oa pa cayc aco-paooro cya, eeoc oopoo ea po caoopaa caoypae peoro cooeca. Bo co cyae p coaac e a ocyapcee opaa, aae opeeeoe eco epapx ocyapceoo ypae o y opao eo occaa, a a aoepe oeca.

oe ooc ooc poccce p ac po accoa, oope pyoocyc apy c oa aooaeco coce paa caoypae. O ca, o a ac xapaep p yaae e oo ype yca, peaepy ee eeoc, o oaoc peoro coea (oea) oac oo epe O copae ee eo, ocyce oaoo aae a ooc pyooce p ( ce a o aepa).

3. Coae p ocoo pecppoac a aoe oeca oapeca c opaeo oece.

Ocoeo a epep p ypeac a oapec (oeca) c opaeo oeceoc (Bopyca a pa, Aaca oapa pa, poca oapo-cea pa, Kyacca eyapoa apo-cpea p ..), o ococ ypoe eoo ooeco yyp, pa, a ae ocyce eco paoo oco, epye x coae yopoae.

o peoca ypee p oy cooy p orooe eoxo oyeo, ooo ao ao exa ypae papeee p, oop aoe cee ycpaa x. peee peao o, o pa ope oapec oa apecppoaa ecx opax ac. Oe p percppoac a ace yae pep.

B c c e o ocyapco oao oaa coece pa, opepoa a eoepec xapaep eeoc, c 1993 . p aa peopaoac eoepece acoa. Kpoe o, opaaoo-paoa opa e acoa oeae aoy P oapx pax peo oproe cococye oee eo cpyype ee ypa.

4. o ope yac noceee opax p oy op .

B opax a apx pax pa yace ee ocoe e, oe po pex ocpeo, ooy ocaoo cooo poeccoaa.

B opax a opx pax, poe ocox eo pex ocpeo, oy pa yace ocee. p ope p a yx o:

co (eao) opa pa, a oopo opaeo e oa ooac ycya ocpeo. x ae ooe oe e , a a a ax pax oeceaec coo ocy peoe oo e- aao-oyaee (e ao cyae oeope peoee, a aaꠖ cpoc). Ta opao, co opa pa xapaepyec p c pooee opeee;

pa pa ceaoo a, a opo eocpeceo c poaa oyae pyc e py ocpeo;

1) poep, paoae o e a ce ea;

2) ep, ocyece oepa a pe o coeo e a co ce.

B cooec c ycaa oco oapx p ae cpae c ap, xo yee peoo oopoa oa peac opa eocpecee e (poa oyae) ye aee x cayco paooo ocooo ocee ae ceo oepaoo ae.

K pa apo a oo oec ae p, a Poccca oapo-cpea pa, Cpca oapo-cpea p, ococa eyapoa ooa, Kyacca eyapoa oapo-cpea;

pa opo a ca ococy apy py, epecyacy yepay, Pocapopy. Cee opoc peoro copa eocpeceo caa c opoo cpaee p, ae ceo opoc p coyec peax ex oe . K oy e opoc p oo oc epaoc peoo exaa, ooero yacoa opax epoeccoa yaca peoro pa. Coepecoae peo opo po oee apy xapaepy eeoc, opepye a poc poeccoaa, oppoae eox ce a ocoe aoo oep ey opy, oopoo eoxo opaee ca cyaoro ocee ocoa coeca paoa a pe.

Kpoe o, ap xapaep p cooecye cao ee oe a opaa (accoa) opyx (ocpe), coaaeo oecee opro yoeope epeco, a e pee ecpoa aaa. ooy p, aae epec opo, ap xapaep oee peoee.

5. o oeaype oapo, xc o6eo peoo opa, o nopaec a yepcae (oeo na) eapoae.

a yepcax pax eyc op o pooy pyy paoopax oapo.

Cneapoae p e ooapy ceaa ceaa o pya oapo. Cpe x e p pooro po yoceapoae.

p coa oapx p poceaac ee x ceaa, o o ocoeo xapaepo p, coaaex ecax aoe oepa poeoro pooca.

Cy ceaa coc oy, o aoep (e) p ee ceapoao ce peac eocpecee pooe o o oapo py. Ta ocaec coa cee oepa cooecyeo oapa a pe yeaec peo opo oopo.

Toape p, opoaec Pocc, c peyeceo yepca. oeo cao c eoxooc acao oepa oapo ycox opa-eoro pooo oea oapx . Oao, a ye oeaoc, ceaa oapx p ye aaac. p o cneaa p ac o pa aopo:

) eca ooe p. Hapep, co, o Teca oapo-ooa pa ye ceapoac a opoe e poya ee epepao, a Kyea oapo-cpea pa a ye;

) ypeee eo p, a ae aoce ey .

Ka oaae poa paa, npeyeca cneapoax p c: cee epe opro, ocaee aa ooopoax pooee, ee e, a oopy oy opepoac poa oyae (pooe opee), apoaa opaoa peoo caapa, a ae epcoro opaa a poy ceaa p.

6. B acoc o eca po p poo opoe, oex y opea a po x po e a eyapoe aoae.

eyapoe p oco nocoo ecyeo onooo pa, oxaa ecoo ocyapc, a oopo coepac ce yn-npoa a onpeeee pee oap.

eyapoe p ocya opee poe oape ooe p. B paoe ax p oy yacoa pecae eox pyo pax . Oe ocoeoc eyapox p c oeceee coooo epeoa p, oyaeo o pe oepa, a ae aee ceyx (appax) ceo, oope a oooc oye p a pae opoax e a pax pax cpa.

Cpa, e pacooe eyapoe p, o coa cooecy a, opo aoo pe, oeceae x eeoc. eyapoe p opaec a oape, ooe ae.

eyapoe oape p cocpeooe pex cpaax: A, CA o. Ha o x cpa 90- roa pxooc 98% cero eyapooo peoo o6opoa. K eyapo oap pa ooc: A蠖 oocy py OKC (epc Oc ce), oocy py eao p.;

CA p, pacooee H-ope ao;

o蠖 p, coepae ce c oapa, opaac a poo pe. eyapo oap pa ca eoope p, ocyae peoae p, a oopx coepac ce o oe a oapo, apep, Beca (CA), apca, Ceca, Caca (ooca) p.

Haoae p ecy npeeax ooo oeo oo ocyapca, ya ocoeoc pa npooca opae nopee aepax pecypco, npcye ao cpae. Ba, aoo opo pe aoro ocyapca pey poee appax ceo yac peo opoe p젖 epeeo pa ecoaxoe p.

oe p, ecyx Pocc, aac eyapo (apep, ococa eyapoa ooa, eyapoa pooocea pa, Kyacca eyapoa oapo-cpea pa). yaec, acoee pe ae cpae ooe ypee ca eyapo e, a a a, opo aoo pe, ecye ceac Pocc, e oecea coooo epeee p, oyaeo poecce peo . A yace opax ae cocae eo oex ocpax oa e ae ocoa ooc ae p eyapo.

7. B acoc o cep eeoc p ae cpae oo ycoo pae a epae (coe), epeoae peoae.

Poccce p, x paeee xapaep eeoc o e opepyc a peoae ocoeoc oapx po ooecoe paopoae cpa. eopaecoe ooee p copee cooecye acpao-eppopaoy ee x eppopax opao occaa CCCP paee oox a ypae cepca opo. Ceye oe, o epppaoe ooee p cpae oo cooecoa epa opox ce pacopx ye, a o ee ec poo pae. Hapep, aypca pa oe eyapoa H-opca pa oe, caxapa aao pacoaaec e ecax pooca, a epax eyapoo opo.

Bece c e pae peo opo Pocc cococoao oppoa epax p, oope cocpeooe oce pea yac pex pax poao oyaee pax peoo Pocc.

epeoae p, a pao, oe pao pooca opee ax-o oapo, apep, Teco-ococa ea pa epec.

oco p Pocc ceye oec oa peoa.

8. o xapaepy onepa poa npaa peo opo ee ceye p:

peaoo oapa;

epce;

ooe;

ceae.

pa peaoo oapa xapaepa aaoro aa peo opo, ee oe epa ca peypoc oooe opa, pypoeoc opo opeeeoy ecy oeoc ycaoe paa, opo acco, oopo, cpaae o aecy oapa, oee ap oopx aoaee. Ha pax peaoo oapa coepee ceo ocyecec p ocyc apa a aooo a ocoe eo ocaeo xapaepc. p o e eco cpee peoe oyaee . Cao cyeceo epo p peaoro oapa c oaea poaa ocaa oapa oce poee .

B acoee pe a pyeo p peaoo oapa coxpac eoopx cpaax e eaee oopo. O peca coo, a pao, oy op ooo opro oapa ecoo ae, p oopo oa o oepae pooca, ca opee coac paaxc cpaax oe a aoae epec p cope aex x ocyapc oapo. Ca, pax aacecx cpaax p peaoo oapa o e ocaoc, xo o cex aaoepoecx ocyapcax o cx op cyecy ape p, oee opoe, aepo, pacope epepaaae p. Ceo p aac ocoo papaoo ox opao, a ae copo opa o pax ax cecoxocex oapo, a epo, aca, xoo p. Topoe oepa a x pax coca cero 10-15% o oeo peoro oopoa.

Pacpee peo opo peo coa p ooo a epcx p. x opaoae opaae pepaee p pa peaoo oapa po pa a oap. Oco paa epco opo c:

xapaep ceo;

c c po peaoro oapa epe cpaxoae (xepoae), a e epe ocay oapa;

apaee cpoo opeeea ypoaa, ea ax-o yax ocoeoce opeea cooc oapa, coacoaoe oeco ooporo opaaec peo opae, oop caoc oe opo pecae coo pao a oap;

oa ya yco oca oapa;

oeeoc ce aeoc x opaeo, oeceaea Paceo aao p.

epce p c coeopa aco cya, ocya opo. ae cero o coac ecax aoe oepa eex pecypco, .e eyx acox epax.

e aocoo peoa, ocaoo acc coox eex cpec epca po eooa.

pepaee oapo p pa apo po pa a ap, pa peaoo apa po oo oapoo aaa o eoeea ac poecca yce acooo aaa.

yy ceec aco cyo, ocya opeoc oapx po, epca pa oopeeo pecae coo po e cooecyx oapo oaae cyeceoe e a pee opo, a aece e opex ceo c pea oapo (epe xepoae) oeo cee a oypeococooc p.

epca pa a aco cy ooe aocoe peoae p a ca peaa oceyeo xpae apa eo yeee.

Onoe p ae pa oy po poo ooe. O coyc cpaxoa yaco peo opo, a a a oooc oyae ooo opa ooe y p ae pex ceo.

Ec epce p o ye ao ( CA ao paoa c 1848 .), o ooe p oc coce eao ( 80-x oax XX .).

ooy a ox pax oy aac a epce, a ooe e (ooca pa OKC). pocccx p ooo aee a oo pe cex o ceo: c pea oapo, epcx oox. ooy x oo oec cea pa.

9. B acoc o xapaepa eeoc ec p npe (oepece) ecnpe (eoepece), ocoy p opaoac a ce oee aao (eex cpec) ooceo eooo ca aoepo-ecopo, o coaco oeoy ay yca aa oa oy opeeey p, oeay e eo. B oce cyae pa coaaac a oeee poao ypoe x oepa a pe. ooy epoaao eee p o pao cao p e peycapaoc. p oec y aoro oeoo yaca o coepe pox oepa a cao pe.

Heoxooc oepeco eeoc p aaec oecee ea cox eo. Ta, epoaao a pocccx pax ea eco y-poaa poepc eca (.e. opo pao aac peo eeoc).

pa o eoepeca opaa, oa coaec ypee ea oee poee oepecx oepa ( ocya opeoce ypeee eo ye-poae). e o opaa p coco ce apa y ee ypeee eo p poee oepecx eo. eee cpeca ypeee eo p, oyee a opa, aee a pe, apac a oeca apa, cax c yopoae p, cypoae coa ooe oopyoa exooecoro poecca pep-ypeee eo p, oee aeca ycaeo poy, opoee pae oypeo op, pepoc, oepeco yca coceoro occa pepaee.

B p oo pea cey opao (a. 1).

Taa 1. B P 1.4. KCoae pex cyoaao peocepxopax ecoyex aaco,o po ea. oy pee a caax pa peo opo ae oope coc . pep aepecoac ope a oooc peaoa x cyae eoxo ycoe yopoa pooro exaa.

He e ya oo, o coea ooa a poe ox ece a ooo ea .e. ee cpoc ocoo pea oapoe peoee a cpec pooca, a peeo opee. o eex oxoo epe acoo-pey ccey pepaac aoee pyx acox pecypco pep ope ecoyex cpec oo pa pooca, coaoo pa p. pep, oy cooy cooa x cpec, ca oooc x pe. oee pex cpyyp oc o apae oe ox eex pecypco. Te oee o p oce coe coaac a aoepe oeca, a peyeco aoepa coco o, o eo aa, oe a oocc oy, .e. co a o oe oo poa a e pe o oee coo ee, pe a oya ee o oay, epea pyoy y, o oe ea.

Oeo epo pyex pocccx p cea a x yepcaoc, oa oopeeo a eppop oo p coepac oepa oape, ooe. pe o o xapaepo a p o opcoo epoa, a coecx p ycox a.

Koeco p, ayo p opo, peo apep, poaa ex eocepx ap oapo ycy㠖 ocoe ep, pcye oo peo ccee Pocc, cae c eoo ooeco cyae ae cpae, coec ceo.

Bopoee p Pocc pooo a ocoe ocyapceo coceoc, ocoy a coceoc a ocoo CCCP. ocee poecc peopaoa ocyapceo coceoc oe coceoc p. Boy ocyapceo coceoc, p ca pepac aaaop poecca ee peopaoa acy. B c c e o yca aa p coco acox pecypco x ocyapcex cpyyp, a ae eex cpec acx pecx , oa ye e ea xapaep occoceoc, a a p peca coo e poe cpyyp, ecye a co cpax pc e ypaee ocyapce opaa.

Coaac apaocaa cya, oa cpaa peyae ocyc pex opao ocyapceo ac a e a coceo coe e coceoc. ocyapcee pep opaa poecce opaoa p cy aec aece ocpeo, .e.

ea, paopaeo c ey coceo eo coceoc. pocxoa paa ocyapcex pep, peopaoae x aoepe oeca oceeo oa ce a co eca.

poecc caoe pox ooe a ocyapcex pepx opaax pocxo, a pao, co ye epexoa oeapoo coceoc aoepy p oeceaxc ocaax eex cpec: acoe pecypc epepacpeec aoepe oeca peoo a.

Pae pox ooe ae aop. pooco oapo, x peaa o y pepaee. pea eeoc eooa, o-epx, e ooro opa paoo opo cae, o-opx, e ocpeeco, peo eeoc, oopa epo opaoro yopoa oo ec ocaoo p coooaae . ooy ec epo cyae apo coca peo apoac a x apax coacecx opaa ypee, o ceac pea eeoc oyec opoo oypoc cpe ooe. B-pex, pepaece ap ooc a ce oyeax eo, aaxc pepaeco ycox ococa ocyapceo coceoc.

Pae peoo ea peycapae acco po apoax . epoaao ce pea ocoo o apye oooc cpoo ooae a ce yax ocpeecx oepa a pe. Cya aoaa ece ooe xopa, oa c e pocac a oc ooa aee a eo oe cpo paoae, ec . Oa ecoo yax ceo o pec co oxo poepy, a ea paa pa, a a. B peaoc eo oe eo, a ocoa acca pex ocpeo oaaac ocaoo cpoo.

aa PEPOBAHE o epe caoe pocccoro peooyacecoaec oaaec cceayepe a oyaee, eoxo opeee exa, pa eo peypoa.

o peo opoe pao ocaoo ooe co a poao, oo oece coee epeco cex ee . O o o, o pc, ca c x yace e, cee yy. Peypoae peo eeoc npecae coo onpeeeoe ynopoee pao p aee pex ceo a ocoe ycaoex npa poa.

Pae peo eeoc ee a copec coxc apae:

peypoae co copo ocyapca (ocyapceoe perypoae);

peypoae co copo p pyx yaco pa (cooae pa caopeypoa peoro pa) apye o oaae, o ocyapce opo peo eeoc cpoc a coe ceyx po:

oeceo oeoc;

acoc opoc pex opo;

oep;

caopeypoa;

apa pa yaco peo opo.

Ceye oepy, o po ocyapca peypoa peo eeoc ooo aea. O ooec pax cpa oaae, o ocyapco poa ccea eco aoecye. p o a eo paoo ooeo oeceee paoo a, oopa oepae eoe yopoae poo oo. Hae ao paoo oco ooe opaa ypae cpa ycao opeeee paa p, oaee cex cyeo, yacyx ooeco poecce a cepe pooca, a cepe o ( .. . --: , 2006).


Kopo a peo eeoc co copo ocyapca o aceo ypae ooo eo. ocyapco peypye aoooe ey pooee opeee, aa paa opeee, oepae eey ccey, yyae pacpeeee pecypco, opaae po ooo, oope oype, ae oooc paac a cpe pep. Ha e e ae y acpoa pa coax popa, a ae opoc epepacpeee oxoo acee. oo x poe ocyapco oao aac oxpao pya opo paox, ao o-pyae cpe pa opeee.

Oe, o papaoa pa op peo eeoc opaa ypae cpa eoxoa e coo poeccoa ocpea, coo x ea, aa oopx o o xoe pex ceo. Ocooe aee oa ee pa ex ya, a a ecop, a pao, e paoa a pe eocpeceo e yacy ee opax, a oep co paa cpeca poeccoa ocpea oe ee ya. ooy eo o o yepe coe cox epeco.

ocyapceoe peypoae peo eeo e oo oc apeoo xapaepa, eo aaa coco o, o oece pae paa cex eo peo opo, cypoa x yace e, cpoo opopoa coee ycaoex pa, peoa ooe, peypyx pey . ooy peypoae peo eeoc co copo ocyapca aaec coa eo paoo oco yopoa p, opoe a x paoo co copo ocyapcex opao, epoa eeoc a p, a yaco peo opo, ycaoe cce aooooe ( .. . --: , 2006).

ocyapceoe peypoae peo eeoc aaec c coa ee eo paoo . pea opo Pocc opoaac ocyce ceax aoo, peo eeoc cooac peyeceo oaoe a. Ocaae aooopeca o opeoce peypoa apoo oooo po acoee pe oe oe poecc, a a, o-epx, ocycye ycoocoac paa yopoa oapx oox po;

o-opx, xo caoee peo opo Pocc axoc o e copecoro oa A, cpa o-eao Epo CA, coeopae coco oeeceoo peoo pa e ooe poo acoa apyeoo aooaeca, a peye coeopao aaa.

Papaoa paoo oco peypoa peo eeoc Pocc apoaac a exc aoax, ocaoex, ooex yaax, c oo oopx ocyecc epexo o oao-acpao cce ypae ooo poo. Cpe oyeo oo pee pee cero ceye oe ceyee.

Oco paacoo aooaeca. O c yaeo papao op cyo paacoro paa, eoxo yopoa poo oo, opee opaaoo-paoy cpyypy pa, oea a opoc, o a ecye a e.

a cyea pepaeco eeoc opeee xocee oeca oapeca, oope aoecy a ae aaex xocex ao PCCP npenpx npenpaeco eeoc o 25 eap 1990 .. aoo onpeec aoepe oeca apoo na, oapeca c opaeo oeceoco, ycaaac nopo ypee npenp x ocyapceo pecpa.

ocaoee Coea cpo PCCP o 20 apa 1991, 161 eeoc oapx p PCCP, oop yepeo Bpeeoe ooee o eeoc oapx p PCCP.

ooee a papeea peaa a oapx pax o coo ea oapo, poeex cepx ocaaa oecee epecyacx oaec, .e. o ooeo aao cooo opoe.

opa a peaepoa eoope ace eeoc cax oapx p:

1) eea oaeoc pecpa ceo, aaex a apx pax;

2) apeea oapo-ocpeeca eeoc cax oapx p;

3) ycaoeo opaee a paep ycaoo oa p, oop oe e eee 10 .py.;

4) peycopea aa e a pey eeoc.

ooee o nope epoa eeoc oapx p PCCP (yepeo npao ocoea PCCP no aoonoo no e noepe ox ooecx cpyyp (KA) o 31 a 1991 . 28).

ooee peycapao:

oaoc oye e a pao peo eeoc cex opaa, eax ocyec pey eeoc a eppop PCCP;

coca oyeo opo x pecae;

peoa cay p paa peo opo;

cpo poxoe epoa;

opo a eeoc oapx p, ooee o nyce opa,e ex ya oox pax cpae (yepeo nocaoee paeca PCCP o 28 eap . 78), oopo ao opeeee eo ya, ycaoe opo x yca, pecpa opae, oxapaepoa yac pa ex ya ooa pa B cooec c o yepeo ooee o epoa peo eeoc a pe ex ya.

opa ao opeee cyoc epoa peo eeoc a pe ex ya, opo a e opo a x cooae.

ooee o aeca cneaco ecox cyo oox p (oox oeo p) a npao coepe onepa c e yaa, papaoao a ocoe nocaoe paeca PCCP o 28 eap 1991 , 78. B e ycaoe aaoe peoa ceaca, opo x aeca opo a cooae ax .

ao Poccco eepa oapx pax peo opoe o 20 epa 1992 , (ee ece c 1 apa 1992 .), ec oco oyeo peypoa eeoc p peo opo, xapaepye paoopae copo peo eeoc, yae poo o copeeoe ooecoe cocoe pecy, aoo:

1) coa paoe apa opoo-ocpeeco eeoc;

2) ye yaoe peae poecc, oope pocxo pocxo a copeex apx pax;

3) apeeo pe aac oepeco eeoc;

4) ycaoeo opaee a opro oe oapa epe py;

5) opeee a yac pex opo, a x paa;

6) apapoao coooe ycaoee e a oap, oyee peo opoe.

B eo o ao cococoa pa oapx p peo opo accecx opax.

ao Poccco eepa ao peypoa ao opoe (op 1992 .), ae p paea, opx opeee oe o, eoxoe coepe ceo c ao, yaoe opo aoo peypoa opo Pocc.

ocaoee Coea cpo paeca Poccco eepa o 11 a 1993 , 452 0 epax no cypoa poca opaaooo oapooopoa pex oapo epe oape p. o oye oepae, o pae peo opo ec oo aex ep o oppoa oepocccoo ecx oapx po. B c c eoe peoaaec coa eoxoe yco coepe a pax cpox oox ceo, oaa eoxoy oo oap pa, apecppoa aece eoepecx opaa, pa peo opo o cococoa aeaec ee yxaepco yee aooooe oapx p pep, coepax cpoe ooe ce a oapx pax;

eee copx o opaa opo a oapx pax. ocaoee peycopea eoxooc papao exaa poee a oapx pax oypco o paee aao a ayy ocay oapo ocyapcex y, pee ceo, ax, a co copoy, epo, caxap, e eepoy, ec ecoaepa, xoo, epc, epe ee ea.

K acoey pee aec opeeee c coa opao a. oooe poxo yepee poe aoa o pe ex ya, aoa o aoepo oece.

o acoero pee ecye ooee o nyce ex ya oox pax PCCP, poe eape 1991 ., oo e oeceae oo epe ocoo e aooaeoro peypoa: coae eoacoro pa ecopa cee eopaax pco p oe aaa. Peaa o e caa c a po opaa peypoa, a o6eceee ecopa oo opae o ee o coepaex ceax, a ae peaea ooe ey yaca pa.

Kopo a eeoc p co copo ocyapca ocyecec, a pao, epe ceae ocyapcee opaa opa eco ac.

Hapep, aepac ao paccapae oape p a opa, e ocoooaaee aee poecca eoopaoa a oapx pax CA ceo pa, ooy oape p peca aoa oece epec.

B o e pe p oy cooa peepo cey, oyopee oooa. ooy 1974 , coaec ceaoe eoco, oeoe opeccy oeaee a poeee aoa o oapx pax Kocc no oapo epco opoe (KTT).


aa KTT coco peopae cooa pa oo copoo yep pyo copoe, ae o oecee oe pa cox ooecx ee, e peaoro ypo e ce pca, cax c eaop ee e.

ooo KTT c:

pecpa o cee cca ecx pecx , oyex oepa a pe;

paoa oyoae pa cpy, eoxox peaa aoa;

cooee cooecyey oey oocoy y oo epcoo pa cex ao ooceo o ce poo oepa, a ea copo, ec oopx, o e occ, apya opaoe yopoae pa, a-o opao aoc pe poopea epeca pooee, ecopo;

eee ooee pa p o yco opao, opa eoa ocyece oy (poa) c ocao a cpo, opaoe opa o aaex ceax aeax, oecee acoo oeceoc yaco opo;

apaee eeoc epcx po, ec yy ocoa oaa, o caaec pecoe ooee;

pe ax ep, oope, o e occ, eoxo oepa ocaoe opao opo a pe;

ycaoee o a oeco opa, popeaex oproa, ..

B Pocc o a opo a eeoc p, opo, papo, a ae ce poo opo a coaa Kocc no ypee opoe. Kocc ( aee occapa) paaa ooe aee ycaoe opax aoooe c oap pa.

ocyapco occapaa cao, o p c ac oe cce opo, opaye oapooopo cpae yopoae ero ceo ooec epa. B o e pe occ ocyeca oee pyooco aop a pe.

Baoooe ocyapca p opeec nocaoee CTO o 23 ayca 1922 ., coaco oopoy ocyapco:

ocyeco paoo aop a eeoc p;

pecppoao aao aee o ap p;

oyao o p cee o oapooopoe;

pooo eye poep eeoc p.

Ta opao, ye aae cyecoa pocccx p ocyapcee opa opro eo papaa cep coeo a p oac caocoeoc x eocyapcex opaa. B o oxoe ye oa poc;

ee coa ypaeoro pa, oop opoe c epexoo a oooy ocyapcey opo.

C eee ece c 1 apa 1992 . aoa oapx pax peo opoe oac paoa aa yopoa oapx p. B paee IV ocyapceoe peypoae eeoc oapx p cae 33 ooao caao, o ocyece ocyapceoro perypoa opo a eeoc apx p p ocyapceo oee P o aoooo oe (), epeo nocaoee paeca P o 24 epa 1994 . 152. B coca occ ac pecae ocyapcex opao, eeoc oopx caa c peypoae oapx po, pecae pex coo pepaee, a ae cep.

y KT pepo aao y KTT CA, oca e. Oa:

ae e a opaa p;

opopye epoae pex poepo ocpeo;

opopye oee aooaeca o pax;

papaaae eoece peoea o oooe pex oyeo;

yae paaae peoe o coepecoa aooaeca o oapx pax epce pa p.

Kocc o oap pa pae: a py e (aypoa ee), ec oa apyae aooaeco;

pe pe peoy ocpey ca;

aaa ocyapceoo occapa a py;

opaoa ayopce poep eeoc p;

peoa o p px epo pecae yeo oyea ..

peypoa oooo pa oopa eeoc ero yaco Pocc coaa Kocc no e yaa oo pa, oopo paoa pecae cepca aco P, aa Pocc, Koea o aooo oe ..

B oe e peypoae peo eeoc co copo ocyapca oe pecaeo cxee 3.

ocyapco c oo aooaeca peypye eeoc ooo p. o peypoae ae pae epop acpaoo ooecoo xapaepa, opeee epy oepe opaaoy ypaeecy cpyyp, opo p yopoa oox p ..

Ha eppop cpa papeaec paoa o e oo 6pa, oope oy e Kocc. ee oye eoxoo ya ceye peoa:

o-epx, ooa pa oa pec o ecoa a pe poeccoao, .e. ee eeoc a ecooro cya oa ceo;

o-opx, ae o poeccoa, ee aao aeca ceaca o paoe c e yaa a P.

oe p a pyeo, apep Toca ooa pa, pey o cox paoo ceaoro oye, opayeoro pa.

ocyapcee opa pae opopoa eeoc oox p a pee oe pa ooe o ope poee . ocyapco, a o pyex eo a yac pa ex ya, aepecoao eoxox ycox opae ex ya, opeee x poo cooc, pacpocpae aeo opa o eax a pe ex ya, oecee exo pex ao, peocae pa copeex oya, o o cyoo c.

ocyapcee opa a ocoe ecyero aooaeca opopy acoy eeoc oox p. ooa pa e pae cya aece ecopa, .e. aa cpeca eeoc, e peycopey pe aooaeco, yca ee ya (a cee cocex a).

Cxea 3. Opra, peypye pey eeoc P ea ooo p oy ocyapcee, ye pep, a ae ocyapcee coee a, aee . Oo aa x opaa ec ocyecee oepa c a py e aa, acoc c oa, paea ocyapcy.

oyca acoa eeoc ooo p oe ocyecc a ce:

poa a cao p, ax pao ca ea p;

peypx oco eo p;

pex copo o ao ce, ocyeex a ooo pe;

poee cep peaa ..

p o ocyapce opaa, oope peypy eeoc oox p, eoxoa opa a o cax oox pax, a o x acox oaaex.

CA, acoc, coy opa o cpex eax a a oox pax ce pyx oaaee (ceo 11 epeex eco) poopoa yyero apae ee peaoro BH. ooe oce pooc eeeco, peyae paeco ee opa o ae ee BH.

㠖 , , .

, .

cxo pa eeoc cepca opo CA, ec oepeax aopo aco pao pecaae (peypeae) o oeax ooe ec oepeax aopo oe paccapac a peaa, o eocaoa opa, oopa c oo ocopooc coyec ocyapco opeee apoooeco o cpa. ec oepeax aopo ooa ey pya oaaee pocccoro pa o cooac Pocc poopoa cya cpae p cooecyx pee o oppepoe apoooeco o.

B Pocc ooo pa e y oo, o poecc caoe pox ooe ooe paec ee oo aaec.

Cocao ac ocyapceoo peypoa cyae epoae a p opaa ee pacpyyp, a yax ocpeo peoo pa.

epoae ceye paccapa a coco papee peo eeoc opo ocyapca a coee peoa ecyeo aooaeca P, peex ooo-paooy opaaooy caycy p.

Kocc o oap pa (KT) yoooea aa e a opaa p, KT peaepoaa cea ooee o ope epoa eeoc oapx p a eppop Poccco eepa, oopoe opeee e oo opo a, o aypoa pocaoe ec e a opaa peo opo.

oye e eoxoo peca occ yppee oye (yca oapo p, ypee ooop, paa peo opo);

Ceeco o ocyapceo pecpa oapo p;

oye, yocoep pao ooa cooecy oeee poee opo;

oye, oepa ecee yca aa oapo p e eee 50% oeo cy;

cco ypeee pacpeee ey oe ( poeax) ycao aae oapo p c yaae ecx x ooce coaco aoy pacca.

Kocc pae peee o ae e eee yx . Ec oa oaae ae e, o p oopo opae peee o ee ae paec eee ooo eca co oye ooo ae.

Ocoae aypoa pocaoe e c ycaoee a apye eeoc oapo p, ee p ee poepax aco opaa, eppopa ypae ocyapceoo oea P o aoooo oe oepe ox ooecx cpyyp (KA), a ae apye, oeee ocyapce- occapa a oapx pax.

oapx p xapaepo epoae cax p. Ococ o e, o 1990-1991 . ooc ooe oeco p, cax caocoe cpyypa, e-eoc oopx e e ooppoaac. ooy ee o xoa ce aoa o oapx pax ocyapco oaoc peypoa x oeco ye epoa, e aac pa, oope oaa, o oprayea opo e poope oece epeca, oocoa ooecy eecoopaoc opro opeo pyo o.

exa epoa peo opo e yaa ae a epoae pex ocpeo (aa aaox aecao, ax pao a coepee ceo c e yaa), a e ecox cy, ae pao ecoa a pe ex ya.

ocyapco papeae ecoa a pe ex ya aece poeccoaoo ocpea oo oy pecoy y, ae ooporo ec ceac o paoe c e yaa, oaae aao . Ta opao, o oy e ecooy cyy, ey eoxoo e ae paoo, ex aaoe . Kaaoe aeca ac cepco P p yco ca aea.

py peoae p epoa ooo p ec o, o ee eeoc a pe ex ya oa ceo.

pa oa e a coce yca aa. Cpo ec e e opaaec, xo peycapaec a pocaoee, a o ao e.

ocyapceoe peypoae peo eeoc ocyecec ye aooooe cao p, a ae aec ao o e oepa, oope a e coepac, a oepa c e yaa. Hao a oepa c e yaa, ca pe oapo a oox pax, pecae coo o aceo peypoa peo . Haooaea cya pece ece a, ocyece oepa c e yaa, poa, oyae. Oeo aooooe ec ea ooopa y-poa ex ya.

p yae aoa cyecy . Ocooe o aooooe oyae ex ya epx cc, a p coa aoepx oec, pece a, ocyece ycaoeo ope ocpeece oepa a ce o opye eo p oye ocyapcex ex ya ( .. . . --: , 2006).

p yae aoa a p o oepa c e yaa oeo aooooe c:

e poe, oye o paea cyey ooe (ecoy pecoy y) e yaa: a, oa, eo cepaa (cee coca ocyapcee ee ya. O aoooe e oea);

p o poa eo ya o ee e, e ea popee;

ca pac paepe cao aoa a p, ycaoex aoo pep;

oxo o oae oa, oyaex c coo, ae o cae aoa a p.

py copec coc po peypoa peo eeoc, oo ocyapceoo, ec caopeypoae. o apaee coyec ce ooec pa ocyapca. Hapep, CA e ocyapceoro peypoa ocac ae opoc, a:

p opaa p;

opaaoa cpyypa;

opa ypae;

paa ypeee pyoox opao.

opoc axo opaee paax opo, ycaax, ooex, oope papaaac ao opeo pe caoceo.

Poccce p ae coy p caopeypoa. Kaa pa ee opeeee yppee opae a, oope c ocoo peo eeoc opeo p. K ooc pee ooop, ca paa opro.

B peeo ooope epecc ypee p, opeec e ee coa coco peaa ocaeo aa, ycaaac oeceoc ypeee o oaeca p, epoaa paep ycaoro oa, eee eo a a opo pacpeee x ey ypee. B e ae cpyc paa oaoc ypeee p, opo pacpeee p ypee peepoo oa, ooapac yco pepae eeoc p, yaac ecoaxoee pe.

Ka pao, ca p ae ceye pae:

oe ooe;

aa coa p;

eeoc p;

paep, opo opaoa ee ycaoro aaa, oo p p;

paa oaoc eo p;

ypaee pe;

ye oeoc p;

pepaee eeoc p.

B paax opo a pe axo opaee ae opoc, a yac pex opo opo x poee;

peo oap, opo cae c eo c opo;

pee ce, x , opo pecpa, oope, pacpe pa x eece;

papeee copo ca a apyee pa peo po.

Hapep, ooe p paax caopeypoa e ocaoo po py ooo. B acoc, o opee, ae ee ya yy poaac a pe, ycaaa paa coepe ce, paa oee poepo a opax, a ae opo papee copo o ae cea.

aa OPAH PABEH PE 堖 ! .

o aoy poapx pax peo oproe ypee p e oy yacoa: pece a. ypee oroop o pee p e ao pynn, cynax aece opaaopo p. pee oca coa oc epoaae oc. pee oy a ece, a P ce ece opa ocyapceo ac ypae;

a pee ypee, oye ycaoeo ope e a ocyecee aocx oepa;

cpaxoe eoe oa o;

oecee, peoe aoopee oee (opaa) o;

ece a, oope coaco aooaecy e oy ocyec pepaecy eeoc.

Caec, o e oe ypeee poee x acoo-aepaoe ooee, e y oepy o oy oaa pe, xo ooe co ypeee ocoe ypaee pe. B ae cpae ypee oaa po peyec epe ro pao p:

epooepeoe pao a oyee eo ( apx p);

oooc ecao op oy ecoo poepcx oop;

oooc xo opa ypae p.

e p o yacye oppoa ee ycaoo anaa o oc ece oc e eee oc yeco p ca ee eo nope, npeycopeo ypee oyea e p oaae opeee paa, o oe:

1) yacoa peo opoe;

2) pa yace ypae coaco pe opa oyea;

3) yacoa pacpeee p oya e, ec o peycope ypee oyea;

4) caa apey co paa a yace peo opoe ( ycaoeo ope oo ooy pecoy y), co eo p opaeo, oo ac o paepa ycaoo oa oao cooc oo a, A ae oooc ooac paa ea p, Oa paae cooc eca a pe. eco o coceoc ea p Oo oe poao, ec e p xo ee cocaa, cao apey. Coc eca opeee peo oe, oa ac o cpoca poe. a pyeo a oapx pax ec pae py eo.

Hapep, a ooco pe eao e p paee a e py:

1) yae (pa) aa ce o coeo e;

2) e-pecae aa ce o e p oa, pecae oopx o c.

Cpe yax eo ec pya pepoax papeeo aa ce a co ce o aa epepoax eo pex a opeeeoe oapaee (apep, 0,1 0,5% cooc ce a e ooo;

0,25 1% a ce ).

ya ea oy ca a e ooe 21 oa, poec poae A.

B e-pecae ac ae a e ooe 21 oa, yac coae p, poec poae A.

Coaco aoy oapx pax peo oproe Pocc ae peycope e aeop eo p:

oe e c pao a yace pex opax o cex cex (oeax, oeex) a opeeeoe ypee oyea p oeco rooco a Oe copa eo ce (oeo oee) p;



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 7 |
 
 >>  ()





 
<<     |    
2013 www.libed.ru - -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .