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FB2:, 07 April 2009, version 1.0 UUID: 26c6223a-64f3-102c-9c68-5025ca853da2 PDF: fb2pdf-j.20111230, 13.01.2012 ...

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17. Pecpa aex ceo poepco pe eec o py cnocoo (a apoax, e), o c noo aoapoao cce. e aex ceo pooc o opeee ea (ye epece cex aex x ceo) o oe pya oapo (epecc ce e, oopx ae e e ce).

18. Onaa occox pe. Paep occox ycaaaec ao pe oeo. Ka pao, poepca pa oaa epec pe paec e occoe eee 15 e ae ce.

C oa 1992 . o acoee pe poepce p eeapao epec eee aee oc aece occox a coepee ceo a pe.

19. Oe poepa (ee o aeo cee). Oe pecaec, a pao, 3-e cpo. K oey paac oye, oepae aee ce: p cpoo (opapo) cee ooop oca;

p cee c eeeo ocao頖 ooop y poa.

20. Pace ea c poepco po. Ka pao, e 3-e cpo yaae poepy ooopeoe oapaee a coeoe opyee.

21. Opya (onpaa) npoaoo oapa noynae. o oye oea poepa e oa pcy coe ooopa y poa .

22. Pace noynae c npoao.

4.5. Pace o pe cea ac ooopa cpecey opaea, ooo paoopaoopa aoe cee oeae x epeca. p o a op paceo, peee ca c cooae pax o aocx pex cpec aea. opo opa paceo .

e acpoa y opy paceo, ooae op op paceo oaae e e p aopo: coac a oe ae ooopa oypa pa, cee oep opaey o cee, coceoe acooe ooee, cya aeo ce p.

Ha copeex pocccx pax paec ce ce eyc c pea oapo, ooy pace a ocae oap ocyecc ey oyaee poao.

opo eax paceo peaepyec ooee o eax paceax Poccco eepa, papaoa epa ao Pocc cooec c aoo P 0 epao ae PԻ ee ece c 1 1992 , ao peea P 1005 ooex epax o opaa paceo ypee aeo c apoo xoce, a ae ca cpy epaoo aa Pocc.

Pace ey opaea pooc ocoo:

ae peoa-opye;

ae peoa;

apea;

ae opye;

ea;

ece.

p paceax nae peoa-nopye oca apae oyae pacee opyoe oye ( 11).

oyae opeee oooc oa, oope aee peoa-opye oc ea cae ocya eo a epece aeoao cy a ce ocaa.

oae ooc aco oa aeoe peoae-opyee oyae yeoe ocaa ope cpo, oope opeee ooope.

ooee o eax paceax P peycapaec pya cxea paceo ae peoa-opye, o oopo pacee oye 3 epax ece c opyo oyea opac a oyae, e epeac aey.

B eee 3 e ae oe o oa, oop aeoe peoae-opyee oc, o oaac o oa ooc aco, opa eee o oae c poee opyox oyeo, oope opaac ocay.

a opa paeeo yoa oyae, ocoy oa pooc oo oce opy oapa. B cyae, ec oye oap e cooecye o co a-o xapaepca, yaa ooope, o ee pao oaac o aea peoa.

poaa aeoe peoae-opyee ee a cyecex eocaa:

o-epx, o ocpa oye aea;

o-opx, oyae oe oaac o oa oapa oey paceo oaac eaeecoco.

Pace nae peoa蠖 o aoee peoea opa paceo p ocyece ocaoo pooex xocex ce ey apepa (cxea 12).

B o cyae aee oye epeac poao co a oce oopeeo c opyo oapa. y opy paceo peoeyec cooa oo oa, oa oca oapa yepe xopoe acoo ooe oyae.

oyae pae oaac o aea aex peoa, caex ey a oay, ec o peycopeo ooope. p o oyae oe yaa o oaa y ooopa, oepa oooc oaa. oope oaa oyae epeae co a aee o ycaoeo ope.

p eoye ycaoe cpo oaa o aea aex peoa o cac aeoa oea oae .

p paceax apea ae opyae ocyaey eo ay poec a ce cox cpec ccy, eopoax ae aea, oay oapo o ecy axoe oyae a ycox, peycopex aeo ae a caee apea.

Ope apea aco a ce cocex cpec aco a ce pea aa e oycaec. Apea opa paceo pecaa cxee 13.

Cpo e apea ycaaaec ooope . Ba o apey pooc eee cpoa eo ec ae ocaa oo cye apea ac.

Ape oe op o oe eepay peaae pace oo c o . O e oe epeapecoa.

op apea oyae pecae o6cyaey , :

, ;

;

, ;

;

;

.

.

, , :

opya oapo a opeeee y aae;

pecaee oyeo, yocoepx aeco poy, ao o pee oapo oc x epe a oyae;

apeee acx a o apey;

coco pacoppo pya;

pecaee ay ocaa aa, yocoepeo acy oooc poy (p paceax o aco oooc), oc epe a oyae;

oea ocaa a oopyoa.

oyae eee 3 paox e oce oye oaex c apea oyeo, o oop a pooc e aea yoooeoo, pae oaac o oa peecpo ceo.

a oyae oce poep oocoaoc eo oaa o oa peecpa oa occao a cooecye cee oyae epao aey o apey cyy.

Apea opa paceo ee opeeee peyeca epe accoo. Ec o poaa a epeoopax ooe ey pa opy pacea, o e e cya ce, e oee peoea apea opa . poaa peyeca apeo op paceo aac, o-epx, o, o ee apa oa ao, op ape;

o-opx, oye aea cpay oce opy oapa.

aeoe nopyee o opyee pep ocyaey eo ay o epece opeeeo cy co coeo cea a ce pyoo pep (cxea 14).

ae opye oy pooc pace a oyee oap, a ae peapey oay apo aacoe ae.

peapea oaa a ocaee o ooopy oap ooo pacpocpaea poo peea opa paceo poccco xoceo pae. Oa oa poay, ocoy paec ooc cpaxye eo o oox pco p coepe ce. B co oepe, oyae aco ae ye a ay opy paceo, e e oooc popec epecy ero oap pyo ece a pyx ycox.

Pace ea peaepyc ooee o eax, oopoe eeo ece c 1 apa 1992 .

e peae coo oye ycaoeo op, coepa ceoe opyee eoae aey poec ae eoepae yaao e eeo cy.

e a ceyx o: opep, eo, pe.

Opep e caec opeeeoy y c ooopo pay e ee.

eo e caec opeeeoy y c ooopo e pay.

peec e caec pee c ac pee.

peece opepe e oy epeaac ocpeco occaea. epeaa ocpeco occaea oe coepea oy pyoy y, oopoe ae, co oepe, oe epea e. eo e e oe epeae, a cee cya opae ca a yeco eoae.

occae a naea ee cy pacc o aey, poe cyae, oa y aea ec ecoo ao occae coepe oy ooo x.

occae oe e, ec e e pyoo aeoa a, oopoy epeaec e, ao, ec oo e yaao.

occae a npee ee cy aooo occaea ( .., .. : . . .: , 2006).

epae ea c ao occaeo oe e aoy ac a ey, yaa e coe pyoo a, epea e ocpeco ooo aooro eoo occaea o ye pocoo pye.

eo occae, coepa ooopy e pay, oaae, o e aee epeae e oe.

eo occae e pepaae peec e opep . Tao e oe epeaac poc pyee, pao oye aea o ey pae oy ero epae ( .. . --: , 2006).

epae opepoo ea oe ye ac eo occaee aa oye, a acco a oepeoy a opyee opeeeoy y oy ae, coep ec, eoxoe oxpa ocyece pa o ey, peaoa pye ero paa.

o o oe epeaa ao e pyroy y ye paoaoo occaea, ec peecye occaee e ooopeo ocpeee aee epea ea.

o, pacoaaee eo, oye o occaey, paccapaec a ao eoae, ec oo ocoae coe pao a epepo pe occaeo, ae oa oce occae ao, epye occae p o cac eaca.

occa oeae a ae (ece coapy oeceoc c eoaee, aaco, py occaa), a cee cya, oa ero occae cea c ooopo e oopoa a e, oaa, o o e ece oeceoc epe e a, oop e epea oce eo.

Oaa o ey a eppop P pooc eee 10 e o pee a.

Oa o oa ea oe oapao yocoepe o ae oe oe a ee oa c yaae a pecae ea oae.

eoae, occa aac oy peoa o a, oopoy opaac c co, oay:

cy eoaeoro ea;

6% oox co pee ea aey, a ae e paepe 1% o cy ea;

epe, cax c co.

Pace ea e opeeee peyeca epe py opa paceo, ocoy aec c cpeco oeoo aa.

pep p paceax ey coo a ocaey poy oy cooa ece. Bece o cocaeoe o ycaoeo aoo ope eycooe ceoe oooe eeoe oaeco, aoe oo copoo (eceeaee) pyo opoe (eceeepae) oaeoe epo .

Bece oy poc . poco ece peae coo ce oye, coepa pocoe e oycoeoe oaeco eceeae (oa) o yae opeeeo cy ee opeee cpo opeeeo ece eceeepae pyoy y o eo pay.

B o ecee yacy a a: eceeepae, oop ca po eycoo oyec ya o aoy ece, ep popeae (eceeepae), oopoy pae pao a oyee aea o ece.

epeoo ece (paa) o ce oye, coepa eyco pa eceeae aey o yae opeeeo cy ee opeee cpo opeeeo ece oyae pyoy y o eo pay. B oe o pocoo epeoo ecee yacy p a: eceeae (pacca), a ece;

ep popeae ( eceeepae), oya ece c ecee pao peoa ae o ey;

ae (pacca), oopoy eceeepae peaae poec ae.

Bece p ae epeae oe ooe epo copo, oaac ocpeco popee epoo ap, oopa aaaec a ey oopoy copoy ece ( .. . --: , 2006).

Bece ec eece cyae ocyc xo ooo eo peo. o peycopeo ooee o poco epeoo ecee.

K cy oaex peo oocc: yaae eca, ooaee , eca oa eo cocae. o eoxoo, o-epx, opeee eceoro cpoa (apep, ece, a cpoo o pee, oe pee e oee 12 ece co eo cocae), o-opx, poep eecocooc eceeae oe cocae ece ( .. . --:

, 2006).

Bece oe coepa eey cyy, oopa ooaaec poc o pa. B cyae paoac ey cyo poc pa epo caec epa. Hae cpae eceo cy e oycac. Cpo aea oe ooae opeo ao.

Boo pae apa aae cpoa aea o ece. pee ceo o yaae opeo a aea: apep, oyc aa 1 epa 1995 ., ye yaa oeca e oce cocae ece, oa o ece oe oae.

o pee ece e pee ec e aea. o eyoo aea, ocoy ey yo ocoo e opeeey cyy ee, eoxoy oa ece.

oee yo aea ec ece c yaae cpoa aea o coo-o pee o pee ece, a a o ae oooc oooc aey. Bece oe oea oae o ecy eca paccaa (o epeooy ece), o e ece, e axoc eco eca eceeae (o pocoy ece), pyo ece, ooaeo ecee.

Bece oe oca coceopyo po pyoc ye. e oc e ceoo oaeca, py coa蠖 ece .

Boooc epea ece o ooro a pyoy eae ero cpeco aea, pe ocaoo yo.

epeaa ece o ooo a pyoy ocyecec ye nepeaoo nonc (occaea). o, epeaee ece o occaey, aaec occao o, oyaee ece o occaey, .

aea occpoaoro ece ce pao, oy poo ae, oaeca o ey paccaa oa c oea aea ece ( .. . --: , 2006).

peee ece aey oe poeeo o coe pe, aa co a oa oeo acye cpoa aea.

Bece caec enp ceyx cyax, ec:

o yaaoy apecy eooo oca aea;

ae yep ( ecx );

ae ecocoee;

a ecee yaao: e aeoa, e p;

oc o aee oaec aepyo.

p oae o aea eceeepae eo yoooe oe pe eoae ece oapay oopy o ecy axoe aea a cey e oce cee a aea o ece, o e oee 12 . ceyero oce oro cpoa . Hoapyc cocae a o ycaoeo ope o poece eaee eaee.

Ec poec coepe coepeeo, o acya ceye ocec:

) opa cya pae aa cyee pee o ca, ocoa a poecoax ecex;

) acyae oeceoc o pocoy ece acaee, a o epeooy acaee paccaa. Bce a, a cee occao, oecx epe coe oc coa e oopoa a e, c coapo oece epe eceeepaee.

coy ece pacea a ocaey poy, poa aec peoca oyae pe oapo ope, cococye ycope peaa oapo yee copoc e oopox cpec ( .. . --:

, 2006).

4.6. Texa poee peoo pooe peoaeaax pacxoo oeoCaec, o o aeo ceeop ooe aee paec paoy y, o ce coepac oo opeeeo ece peo ae.

pacooe execoy ocae p. opeee oe poox oepa y poa, ey e oypeococooc p a po.

Ocoe peoa pec peoy onepaooy ay, oopo poo pee op. Haoee a oo ca ceye:

1. peo a oe ocaoo ec. Ha apyex pax oepao a pacca a 2-3 c. eoe, pe aoy yacy peoo opa coac ce -.

2. Ha oce p pa opo eec cpay eco a oap. ae ceo o aoy x ooc oe a yaco oo ae, o oopoo e, e o aa. ooy eco, e aac ce, aaec peo o, oo pe oo.

peoe oo oo ycpoeo a opao, o coa pae oooc cex yaco opa. Bo oey a apyex pax oo pecae coo e ooc ayy pyoy apey c oac eco pa蠖 aeapo (apep, a pe a pe). Tao p ocpoe peoo oa ae oooc xopoo e yaco opa eyey, coepeeo yaa x pea p oe oapa, caeoro poa, eo e. B acoee pe y pocccx p oa e ceao ocpoex oee poee pex . aco oro cooac ocaoo ecee oepe-a.

3. B epe y pa oa eec oee, a oopo axoc cyae p, eye peo op pecppye ce e.

4. Ceyee peoae peoy ay aaec o, o ae o ceao oopyoae eca ex, o oy pao opoa a pe. O, a pao, aac eca aa poepo pacoaac o epepy aa. Tax a oe acac o 400-500.

5. oee eoxoo opa o poepo oepaoo ae oopyoao ceaoe opaooe ao. Ha apyex pax a ao ao aec opa e oo o ceax eax, apecppoax ao oe (e), o aaoa opa o oca oapa o p o py ap, oo a pa, a ae cee, oope oy o a ee e (o ooe, aacoax, opyax oapo, oecx cox ..). Hapep, a aco oapo pe a ao oo ye ce opa (a. 4).

6. peo a aoe peoe eco oopyoa exec cpeca (eeoo, eeaco c), a ae oepo c xoo a epooe ao p oepao c poepo c ea epcoao p.

7. Po c pe ao paeac oe paoo caoapoo aapaa p xpaa opa o pax.

8. B peo ae peycapac paoe eca pecaee opaox aec, epeax oepae .

B peo oe (e) opo eec cpoo onpeeeoe pe, oopoe aa peo cecce. O pao apyex p oaae, o o pe e oe ycaoeo pooo, oo oo ya ae p cooecyeo oapa pyx cpaax peex ocax. Ta, pe poee ceo c e e oo a pax CA A ycaoeo a opao, o ooae opo ooe coao c ee aao Ho-ope. poeae pe ae ceo, o cococye pocy pex oepa.

oo p aco aa ceae coae.

Topo peo oe (e) ey poep e p, ec a pcycye. a pyeo pao oe oycac oo e poep, oope epa cooecye aaoe ca.

apyea paa oaae, o poep, pcycye peo ae, aa ce o a co ce ( CA x aa ec, a A蠖 epa), o eo ( CA poepa a oy, a A蠖 poepa).

Ocoa ac ceo aaec poepa a oy (poepa), oope paoa epecax eo⠖ eeo p. p o cyece oeo ec epeaa aao eo poepa, pcycy oe. Ke oe epeaa eo o eeoy apaee epe aao opa. Ca a aae ea ec ea.

poa paa paoaa a eoa ee peoo opa: nya opo (ce aac ye po, ypyex caa, oope oac pyo aa) opo e. Ceye oepy, opo eoo ee ooo opaeoe pacpocpaee, peyeceo cpaax ro-Bocoo A o.

p ae ceo oae cao pyo aa ooee py ooaae poay oyy. Hapep, ec ao opaea poepy, o o oaae, o o oyae, a ec o eo o poae. Koa poep py a ep opoao ooe, o aa oaae, acoo eo peoee e e ocee e, oopaeo a opaoo ao. Py a, oe epao epx, oaa co opaeo, oope poep oyae poae o peoeo ee. Taa ccea ae ceo eoxoa oee oo pao eyeo opa c c e, o peo ae oo copaec ooe oeco poepo-poao poepo-oyaee. Ha pocccx pax a ccea poee peoro opa oa e peec, ooy o a o oap, a pao, pxoc o poae o oyae. ooy peo a peaae oo, o cec poepa-poaa poepa-oyae a oooc ooop yco ce.

ya pea opo a pyeo ocoaa a npne ooo ayoa, oopoo eoxoo, o oyae oa ey cpoca, a poa oa ey peoe, Coaee peoe poaa oyae ec ocoae ae .

Ocoeoc copeeo peo opo a pyeo p oo ce poao oyaee ec eoa paa ey ea peoe cpoca (0,1% ypo e). o oeae aee ceo, cococye pocy oea oopoa p, cae aae pacxo a eee oprox oepa Kpoe oo, p peo ope, ocoeo CA, o e aooaea ca opaa paep oea e. ae oea e, ao ycaoee a cex pax pa, aac nyo. Hapep, CA epox o cocae 0,25 ea a 1 ye;

y xoa;

oe caxapa 0,01 ea a 1 ao;

e蠖 1 e a 1 appe ..;

A: a e蠖 50 eco a 1 , a ca 25 eco a 1 .. acao oyce eee oea e, peee oopx ee pepae opro, ycaoe oo . Taa epa eoxoa peopae a a pe, oa ae pe opoa ye oe e poo oyp a e, cea oee yopoe pace, e oyc eopaax apoc. Ocoae ae ce ec ycoe coace poepa. apyea paa oaae, o oce caaoo ycoro coac a poep y e cpye oyy poay, co opao, ey, pe coepe ce a poepa-opaea coe ooe. o paa peo opo oce ooa opo cpoo ycaoeoe pe (apep, e oee ypa ceyero ) poep oeac ce opaa oo, o cea popea pecy cy. B oaoc paoo p ceax pex oeo xo opo a paoc ae ceo.

Ha apyex pax coyc ceae oepe cce pecpa ceo x ca opaox aax ax e p.

poypa peoro opa, coac a oapx oox pax Pocc, ee cey .

aep aae aeoae peoo oapa ero ey p ocye ao. poep poe epec oapy, oeoy aepo, ye oaca o py. poep, ca oap a poay, poep, po ey epec, ooapa ey coo ooee yco ce. p oce coac poep (poep-poae poep-oyae) oca ay, oopo ae oap, c oe ce. C oo oea cea caec . ocaa y copoa aa epeaec aepy, oop pecppye ee coepee coe oc a ae pocae pe ay . oce oro oepaop a pyy o opa o apecppoao cee a ax.

Ec oapy, oeoy aepo, pcycye e po epec, poep, a y o (poep-poae), ee pao e ey aeoo oapa coo o o peoy copa epe aepa. oo o oae pyy epeae opa aepy ceo e.

Ec o o o poec epec oee e o poepo, aep poo oypc op, a oopo aea ea oe eea p a:

ecox poepo-oyaee, oa pao coep cey oyae , o peo oy ey;

ecox poepo-poao, ec pao coep cey oyae o, o peaae aey ey.

poep, oce coac o coepe ce, y oey poeypy opa, oa apecppoa ee y aepa, oop epe ee pecpae oe a pyy yco coepe ce.

Ec poep, a o, poep, yoooe coep cey eco ae, oaaec o coepe pecpa ce a ycox, opeeex ae, o paceaec a oa o coepe ce a aex ycox, paec apyee pa opo aaaec pao.

Ec poep-poae oe oae o apa, oopo poe epec, e opeapoa ocycye a pyy, .

C e oe eoc yopoa p pec popa aoaa opaa poee pex opo. B acoee pe aoapoa ceye y:

cop pecpa ao, ocyax a op;

opo a paoc oope ao a cooece paa p;

cop pecpa ecx ao;

opaa c poepa c ea (poaa ecx ao);

oop cca ao, yoeopx aoy cpocy peoe;

oeceee oooc poee opo poepa ey cecc (epoe op);

opaooe oeceee poepcx p cy p (o a, xapaepcax, ycox oca, oae ee oapo;

pecox opax, xoe po poxoe poepcx ao, oyeax, px pe coeo, pee pyooca p, ocyece oca pee oapa;

ece ap, opa pax cy p, cpaox aepaax o peyaa apecppoax ceo, eeoc poepcx p, oeax aaex ceo, aax opax a pyx pax);

opaooe oeceee opo: coae cca oapo, caex a op;

oopaee opa a ao (o ceax, eax, opoax, pyx ycox, x a e, pee pyooca p);

pee peoro coea;

peae oe o peo eeoc o pa epoa oapa;

oepaoe ecee ee a;

pe cpox ao;

ce ao ocycyx poepo;

caee ao a pye p;

cpoae aa ce pee ee ae;

oopee aex ceo (pecpa ce);

opo aex ceo a cooece paa p;

aa opa o paoc ce pee ee ae;

epeaa peya po pye opaee p;

pe cpox ao o poepo ee x eye op;

oppoae apxa ceo, a ae ao, e aex cpoca (peoe);

aa apxx aepao;

opaa ce o aa, ocy c pyx p.

4.7. poepc p peo eeoc Coaco aoy P ceo o e a ce ea;

o e peoo nocpea oeceaea;

o e ea ace peoo oapx pax peo opoe poepca eeoc peoy nocpeecy aaec coepe pex a ce nocpea.

Heoeeo ac p ceye ca poepcy py. Oa e xo cyypy p, Oao e poepcx p eooo opaoa pey opo.

poepca pa opeo p oe coaa a ocoe popee a (a) p. Baee a ee pao opaoa cocey poepcy py a pe ca apey pyo opaa coe pao a yace pex opax oya cooecy oxo ope apeo .

Opaa, oopa pecppyec a pe aece poepco p, oe e y opaaoo-paoy opy cooec c ecy aooaeco, apep, yaoe acoe pepe, oa op oapeca, aoepoe oeco.

poepca pa oe e e caocoeoro pecoro cayca, a cpyypo cocao ac aoo-o pep opaa.

Ec aee a p ec ocpeeca opaa, oa poco pecppyec aece poepco p ao p.

Koa e ocpeeca eeoc e ec ocoo aoepa p, o o coae co poepcy py.

A p oy paea cpay eco cocea. B o cyae ae a opay coecy poepcy py c e:

peaa epe py eeoc peoo oapa;

oye ooeo p o poepco eeoc, pee epcoa poepco p o a aooaee op, paa oaoc opeo p, eeoc opo o peoaa yacoa (ca, ooee o eeoc poepcx p, pee peoo oea (coea), a ae paa peo opo pye aooaee oye P), Pacopee coee opa ypae p e pae eac eeoc poepcx p poepo, coax paa peo opo, peoa pye opae oye ( .. . --: , 2006).

p pecpa poepco p a pe cyo pecpa e pcaac oep oepec o c c pe.

pecpa poepco p eoxoo peca:

aee aoepa, ypeeo poepcy py;

oapao aepee o ypeecx oyeo;

aepey o pee cooecyx opao ac o pecpa poepco p aece pecoo a. poepce p pecppyc ceao Peecpe poepcx p. oce pecpa poepca pa oyae cooecyee ceeo.

y poepco p c:

) peoe ocpeeco p ae ceo, .e. coepee o opye aaa x ceo a pe;

y-poaa oapa, opao, oapooex oepa, ex ya (a oox oapo-oox pax p a cooecyero apoaoo aecaa);

) epeoe ocpeeco, .e. opaa ceo ey ea, y py;

) ocypoae eo o opoca peo apeoo eeoc, cop eoxoo oepeco opa;

) oyeaoe oopee aex ceo;

) pye y, e poopeae ecyey aooaecy opa aa cooecye p.

pea ycya poepco p, a pooe, a opee e ceye peyeca:

o-epx, aeo yeaec oe opox oepa e poca cocex apa a e;

o-opx, oec oooc pacoaa ycya cooapoaoo opooo epcoaa;

-pex, apa a ycy, cae c poeee opox oepa c yace poepco p, ccc paepe opeeeoo poea o x oea.

Ee oee aee pope poepce p a ooo pe, e e poeccoaoo ocpea eooo po .

coy ycy oooo poepa, e oya a o cnpaeo ee, .e. ee, oeae ceoey , e pea ycya cyax .

Ao oea cepee acee cooe eee cpeca pep a ex x eo, ooe poep cococy pa aoao oo.

Ha epo ae eeoc poepco p acpyec op ee pec ec o, a aee젖 a ce noyaex oxoo o nocpeeco eeoc (oope opayc occox copo o cy coepaex ceo) na a pae apeoe ycy, oaaee ea.

a poepco p oaa ax e ycaaac ee aee pyooee acoc o ypo oxooc p.

Oaa a poepce ycy oo ycaaaec o coae ey po eo paepe opeeeoo poea acoc o cy ce (apep, e oe cya ce, e ee poe oce).

Kpye p peoaa oe occoe oce oya co oxo o peocae pax ycy: ooa c , ocypoa ., ecy o opye ea, poepca pa aae cey o eo e. Ka pao, poepca pa e yacye paceax ey opaea ceax, a ee pace ce ocya occoe. Oao ooe apa oy poepco po oapa c oceye epepoae. B o cyae oa poo epce oepa, a ee oxo coco pa ey eo oy poa.

poepce p poep, paoae a pe, coepa ce cooec c paa peo opo;

popea oya opa o cex ax poyo ycy, peaaex peaa a pe;

oyc ycaoeo ope ycya epcoaa p, a cooae pox ao x pex oee, cpec c pyo opaaoo ( o ce ceo) ex;

yacy paoe appao occ p.

aa OHOBA PA 5.1. ooa pa oo po oo po (po x ya)p. ea, aee opx oyacoxepoy paee o yex cce ooe yn-npo px ao oox eoce. oo po opaee a ep Tep "nep po ooc poae, ex ya c e oye acox pecypco paeco, ee opa ac, pae pep, opaa .. B po oyaee a pe cya yae cyoae ecp, oce oc ocyapcee ypee, eoe ecoe o, ecoe a, paxoe oa, paoe oe oepecx ao, pa-oa ..

oce oo a ee ya ox yco paee a epo pe, o cao oeo epepoa. epepoaa ex ya ocyee a a aaeo opo pe.

Ka a epo, a a opo pax ee oro ye poa oy ex ya. a x e po e yaa a ooo pe.

ooa pa o opaoa, peypo yopy po x ya pyx cox cpyeo. C opaaoo paoo pe ooa pa pa coo acooe ocpeecoe ypeee c peaepoa peo pao, e coepac poe ce ey poaa oyae oox eoe c yace pex ocpeo o oao apee paa. paa yaaac a pe (ca p), a ocyape aooaeco. Cy y, ooa pa a aoa ee epcoa coepa ceo c e yaa. Oa coae yco, oxoe x coepe, ocyae e, cae poa oyae, peoca oeee, ocyaoe appae ycy, execoe ocyae ce eoxooe o, cea oa .

C pe paooro ayca poo pae cyey p oox p, a eo:

1) yo-paoe;

2) ae;

3) ceae.

Ka no-np op ooa pa axo o oco ocyape op. ocyapco yaye cocae pa peo opo opopye x oee, oeceae paoopo a pe o pe opo (aay p oo o), aaae pex aepo opae x o pa .. yo-paoo ooo p pacpopae, apep, epa .

ooe p a ace on coa ope aoepx . Tae p acoo caoce opaa peo po. Bce e a pe coepa cooe c ey cpae aooaeo, apyee opoo peoaae opeeey paoy . ocyapo e ep a ce ax apa o oecee cao peo po ce pca pox ceo. o xapaepe A CA.

Ec ooe p coa a aoepe oea, o p o e eee 50% x aaa pae ocyapcy, o ooc ny ceax . Bo ae ax p c ope pe opa. Te e eee peo occap ocyec aop a peo eeo oao peppye pee ypc. ooe p yopy Ap, eap e.

B ae cpae cooc c ecy aooaeco ooe p coac a ape aoepe oea o e e eee 3 eo. ea p oy oo ee aoep.

B acee pe pe acae ooo 200 oox p. B pe pa cyeye co aoaa opec coac ccea p, opeea xapaep yopoa peo ce cpa eo ec ao opeo p acoc.

Paa ooepece oepece pee . B cyae oopeco peo cce acoo opyee ooee aa oa pa, pacooea acoo epe cpa, a ocae ooe p e eoe aee. Ee pepo c pea ccea A, e aecye yapoa ooca ooa pa, a ce poae p, ee aeco caooeo, pcoee e. ooepeca oe xapaepa ae pa o.

B ycox noepeco cce oo ao ooo p cpae oy yopoa ee eco pyx p, apep Apa, epa Kaae.

B CA pae peo po peo aoe coeopao peo cce, opy e c oo yepeoc oe ooepeco, oepeco oe. B cpae p eooopoo ocoe H-opco ooo p peoae pee cy e pepac ee pao, a coxpa co caooeoc yco yopy peeax .

ooa pa cyae o peyopo acooro pa. Ocoa po p aaec ocya e acox ccyx aao: aaa oeppy aa, c oo copo;

pey acpy ocyapco pae xoee pyyp c pyo.

P ooo p ooe pa opeee pee cero cee paocyapce coceo, a oee oe aoepo coeoc pooce aooro aoaoo poya. Kpoe o, po p ac o ypo pa pa ex ya eo ( .. . --: , 2006).

K o y ooo p oc ceye:

oa oepa coox eex aao aoe ocpeco poa ex ya;

peae acpoae ocyapa x xocex opaa ocpeco oy x ex ya;

oeceee cooo ypo o oe ee ya.

ooa pa ooe oece oepa cpoca peoe ex ya, x caacpoaoc a ocoe peoo eoopaoa, peao paaeo ypoe eo yopoa aoepoo aaa.

5.2. ee ya a peo oap ea yco, opeexcopoa, noepa npao (y) a aoe-o yecopeo paa yecee cooecy opao oop oye, e p oex yaa (ooe) ooe ey eey cy. B aco o ex x oooc peaa x pa, yca pae ex ya ( .. . --: , 2006).

Paac eee ecoe (aae) ee ya, opaaec coeeo a eeo pe pe aao.

ee e y o oepece acoe ece: aoce ae;

paocpoe oepece ya, pyee pep opopa;

paocpoe cepeaee eoe cepa, pyee aa pax o;

aaece ece, pyee e paeca a cpo o ooo oa. aa ocoeo x ya coc o, o oy oopeeo co y ee (.e. p ea), c pye paocpooro epoa aaa c e . , aa, ocyecc peeax po-aoco .

K co e yaa oocc a, paocpoe oocpoe oa npaeca, ecx opao ac, ao npoex opnopa, oonepao, coe cepa, noe (aae no eoc). ooeca po ecox ex ya coc coa pyx aao acpoa pooa ye ayy ex aao . ecoe ee ya, co oepe, ory oo oe oaeca. pooe oox oex oaec, pe, acoe cpye e yaa oporo opa o ocoo ocpeecy po p coepe ceo c ep (oo e) e yaa.

oee ee ya oepa pao x aea a o peao .

Oeo epo cex oox oaec c opaoc (oe aa opaae aey o cee opeeeoro cpoa) cpoa oxo. K oo e yara occ pae oa, cepa, .

Ka eee, a ecoe ee ya acoc o opa oepe pa aea ex ya p coepe c oepa e a:

ee ya a pee, poco pee opx oao peaa oepe pa aee (ca oocc a oa a pee, poce cace ceeca (appa), oocae a pe, peece e p.);

ee ee ya, paa epaee opx oepa a a ocoe e aea, aeceoo y ya, a ac cooeye re pecpa ex ya, eyec e;

aeop ex ya ooc pee ceo ee a, oa cepa;

opepe ee ya, paa epaee opx oepa a pee x ya, a ae cooeyx epeaox ace (apep, ece) ee ya o eey y cocoy x yca opae a ocoe, opx acao ocooe yeceoe pao peoae, cnooaee, oepae ooee paa, peoa yco. Xapaep peaee cooaex ex yar e yo, a pao eo aey a epoec oxo e poea ea. ae ec ocoa yaa (a oa) c eo, yo ae cero ae a pe. Bcooaee ee ya opaac a pe eaco o x ocoo eo ya.

B aco o xapaepa oepa ceo, cpaxc a yco ex ya, a ae e x yca o opae a oepece y, ocyae poecc apooopa opeeee yecee e (ece, e, oocae, cace aooe ceea, aae p.), ooe, ope, co oep, ec a ya, opaaec a ooo pe, ya, ee o epeo . epe epeo po poxo ocoa poaa oa ocyapex ao a ex p, e ex pee . Bepea po e yara ocyecec ocpco x eeox oa, a ae epe epo epeo po, a ce ceae oepe eeoyaoe . B cpaax c pa oo po oe epex ceo o oro (opo ec) pa pea pee . Oao e ceecye o ao aoc peoo pa, ocy oo a oce peae ce ocoe oa ao cpa.

Aapy peoa, oop oe cooecoa peo oap, eo yec , o ee ya c accec pe oapo. K oco xapaepca ex ya cye oe x accooc, caapoc aoaeeoc. ee ya oo oee pyc po co aoepx oec, pep, opaa .. B oe x oa acca, opaaac a pe, e ocao . Cooee poax ex ya peoa apaepa, peycpe ey aooaeco, eae x aoaee aap peeax opeex py o ex ya. Ocoo a oceco, opoe xapaepye o ee ya pe apo oe pyx ex ya, e eeo ao a (oa) ooo yca py,a ae o, o peca opeeey o aoepo (oaoo) oe.


ee ya, opaaec a ooo pe, oaa ee o coo, a eo e e a ya, a pao, o noco a. ooa pa cocoa oece eo ay oepa cpoca poe ex ya, opa ooe ycao e a x, peao paae ooecy cya.

Ha ooo pe opaac aeo e ce ee ya, a ope, pa apy c e ece oeeoc a x a .

Pacpeee oeo poa o cepa pa a peaeo a cxee 15.

5.3. ac peoo pa, acoe ocpe peo po, a ye oeaoc, c coao ac eoco ooecoropa ex ya, p peaec oo ce oooo pa. By ooopa oepa oo eo oopao y, ope ory oc pa yaa a ey cepay . B acoc o xapaepa oee cyea pa ex ya oy e, ecop acoe nocpe.

Oxapaepye oee opoo ex yaco pa ex ya, aa c eo, ocy o ep xo a po, peaa poae cocee ee ya.

e x ya ec ocyapco e epaoo ecoo opaa ac (ynpae) pecoe o (npenpe, ypeee, opaa, ona), nycaee (pyee) ee ya ecyee oaeca no nepe aea ex ya. B cooec c ecy aooaeco P ea oy ocyapee opa, opa eco apa, pp e pece a (a coece opae pp), apeppoae a eppp PԷ Hepee ycoe oyca ea a oo po e yapcea pecpa eo paooro cayca. opo ocyapceo pepa opeee aoo 0 pep pepaeco eeoc, ooee o aoepx oecax py aooae aa P.

ecop pecoe ecoe o, npopeaee ee ya o coeo e a co ce. B cooec c poccc aooaeo aece ecpo oy cya e o oeecee pece ece a, o . ecp opae a:

yae (ace a);

opopae (pep, opaa, ypee ..);

cyoae (oee).

Cpe epecex y eopo aoee peaeo eo ec pya yoax ( ..

. --: , 2006).

B aece cyoax eopo oy cya pae acoe cy: ecoe o, cpaxoe oa, - . C oo cpo, o pea eee cpa cox e, c pyo頖 aey ac peex cpc e yepa epeco cox e ecpy pae ooe eoc.

B aee cyoaoo ecpa a pe ex ya oy oa peecoo pa, pee co, a ae oocee ecoe ohl ecoe o, yca coee a poaa x acee, aa cpa, oyaee o poa cocex a, ee ya ocyapca pyx npep o e oa, .e. oppy coce ope ex ya. oxo eooro oa ac o, acoo eo eo ypae oppy eco ope oeppy . oxo o a apy ac e cooyoo oxoa ecooo oa, .e, oxo oce op cex pacxoo oa yo, cax c eco pco, pacpeee aee eo aea a eooo oa.

e, eop, a pao, po xo caoceo a oo po. ae ceo o pea oo poeccoax ocpo.

Pocccoe aooaeo aee ocooro ocpa a ooo pe yepae eo cy pecoe o, coaoe o oycaeo aoo PCCP pepx pepaeco eeoc opaaoo-paoo ope ocyeee eeoc c e yaa a cey eco cy oe ocyec co ocpeecy eeoc a pe ex ya aece:

acooo poepa;

eooo ocyaa;

ecoo oa.

Kpoe ro, a pe ex ya a poeccoae ocpe oy ya oepece a.

Pae ecoe cy o opeee ocpeece y, peycopee ey aooaeco.

c poep a pe ex ya oe y p oye poae ex ya a ce o opye ea a ocoa -.

eco ocy ceax c e yaa e yaye, a oaae ea ocyaoe ycy o opoca yca opae ex 6ya.

Cep eeoc ecoo ona oee po: oa opaye yc ex ya a apa o x paee oy pex ;

aae cpeca ee ya, popea x o coeo e a co . eoe oa oppy co pecypc oo a c coex cpec, a co coee ee ya o paea o cpe pecx . eco oa apeeo poaa cocee ee ya acee, o o pae ey oaa poepce ocyaoe .

eeoc oepecx ao aece poeccoaoo ocpea a pe ex ya peypye aoo P " aax aoco ''. Kop epee ycy oepa c e yaa, op ocyee aocoe ypeee, peycope eo yao.

o eco cy oe ecoa a pe ex ya a poeccoa ocpe oo a ocoa e, ao ey ope ocyapceo pepa.

ooe co ecox yo oppy poy papyypy oooo pa, eoeco a opo e ae ooa pa. ao peo po e yaa cy a yao pex eo. B ooo ee, y oa aea peo ae e eo, ce aecoa p cropo poae, oyae, ocpe. B pex e pax yay a opao .

B coo c poccc aooaeo ea ooo p, e pao yacoa pex oepax, oy ecoe y, a ae ocyapee coee opa, ocoo aae opx e ocyeee oepa c e .

Opa a ooo pe ory ocyecc o ee ea.

B pex opax, oo poepo epo, acy ee aep, y opoo xo cop ao, x ooee, acc, poa ex ya oee x ypca.

Cyecye ecoo apa aoe poao oyae c ocpea: o ocpe co oyae, npa;

poae opaae ooy, oyae pyo ocpey e oa ocpa pea a pe ..

5.4. Cyoc peo ce a ooo pe pee eooe ex ya. B aco o coepa ceo, pee paaooce.eee x c paoopa, a aoce oepa c oo o ce e o ooo Cea c yaa cac ec aco onepa c e ya, paee a aoee, npepaee npa oaoce e oy o coeye ooope (y-poaa, occ, ea ..). o ce no opoe ce, aee , . , ࠖ , .

.

Kaa pa caooeo onpee peae ae . , . . , , :

ce c eo e yaa o coepac ceo ope, a, coepae ce, oa xpa y ce oye, oepae x aee eee yaoeoo cpoa, o epoy peoa pe x yoooe copya aoox cy acox opao.

paa opraa peoo poecca a ooo pe paccopea cxee 16.

ep a oopee pecpa ao a oyy (1A 3A) poay ex ya (1 3).

Bpo a eee ao peo p (4A;

4) x coee p ae eo poecce peoo pa (5-6).

Tp a pecpa peo ce a pe pace o cea (7, 8, 9A 9).

pee e acoc o pca x oe ec a accoe cpoe (cxea 17).


5.5. B ao a coepee pex ceo Copee ecop ope , o opea cpy ea epepeoro pocpy o ecy opo. c e yaa, ee oooc a cae paoopae opye coey a ceo opyc a pe. a oa o aaye, o poecce opa.

pa, oope oepa, nocyna ay (aa) oe oop oe ecoe pecoe o (e), aee ooop c poepo, oop peca a aa a p. Oao aa ce, e o pea apa oa popax ex . Ta apa c: peaee poepy pocoo ece a y cyy e;

epecee a ce poepa cy paepe opeeeoo poea cy ce, opa ec aoo oe cooaa poepo, ec e e o co oaea;

ope poepy eyeo cea (c pao pacope) a cyy, coay opeee poe cy ceo, opyaex poepy eee .

Oao ca e cpeco pacea e aoca apa, coepaa eycooe oaeo aa oa ce eo aoeoc o epoy peoa poepa. Taa opa paceo e oea acoe pecypc oopoa poepa e ea acao pae pe coep ce p aea.

B cooe c ecy opa oyea poeccoa yac pa ex ya, ocyece poepcy oc p coepe ceo c e yaa o opye ea, oy oaac pea opye a oyy ax-o ex ya, ec e yepeocr, e oa ey.

p poae ex ya e oopeeo apa poepy a ay-poee c opyee o x poae, a ca ee ya, paaee poa, coxpay paccy, aepey pyooee a yxaepo. Coxpaa pacca coep oaeo a ee ya o epoy peoa poepy pyy y, eey oepeo poepa. poep e pae opye a poay ex yar, ec ocyye apa o, e oaae .

Texa epa pex ao eca paoopaa. oo ocooac ycya ypepa, opa aaoe co aepey eepay o oe, oca eec eeac;

ocooac aocoacoa oye, epa epoecy cy ao o eeoy c oepo c. ecp oe opy poepy e oo y e e ee ya aoee peoeoro c e pe ea, o ooop ae yco, p oopx oa cococ ea. oy ec a oe coepa eoxoy opa ope pao poepa, aaero . aa oa coepa cee n pyn ya.

Bo-epx, cye onpe aaa, yaa ooee ea ceax a oyae paa (aa peoee), acpoa oep ooopa, o poepa, eo ya, aeoae. Ec poep oy ore aa, o oe oopeeo oya o ee ya poaa pye oo .

Bo-opx, eoxoo yaa eco ex ya, .e. onpee o6e a. B c c cyiecye accae p-ao o paac a a, opx yaa o (lot rond), .e. nap ex ya, ac ee ceo (oo co a eo (odd lot) oe oeo a, eee ceo, apep, eee 100 a), pa a oyy ecaapo ap ex ya.

Kopea ea oa, npaea a pe, aaec acoo opoo o.

B pex, ao ae oe onpeee cpo ee cnoe: eyee aceae p, epeoc cpoo, yco poe x cpoo ce (accoa ca co, cpoa cea opap;

oo-o, ).

o pee ec a o accpy a coepae pa:

ey e;

e cy o oea coe paa ee cpoa (good till canclted GTC) op pa;

a oe op (opening order) ap (close order) p.

a, oeae coe eee , a ae ce pa, opx e yaa cpo, poo pae ca e B e o ex ope a oca ce o ex op, oa o e coe oee. Oo poep opaae cpo aoro paa o 13, 60 90 e, a ae cpaa coeo ea, eae o po cpo pa a oe ap o ee peo p oe pe paoeo , o ye e eee cero paoero o ap po, acoo oo yco . pa a oe op oe oe eee ecox y oce op p e ccey peoo pa o opeeoo, poo cpoaoo aca.

B-epx, a ycoe ao a ec ypoe .

pa accpy o y:

po pa (arker order);

pa, opae yco (liit order);

o-aa (stop orde).

eo pao opaa opey pae ea a ooo pe.

Ec e opya poepy y poa opeeoe oeco ex ya o eyey pooy ypcy, y pa opeee ee yar a cpoay cyy o ycope poepa o peoca pao poepy ecoa paax opeeo e cy, oa op ex ya, x oeco, apaee ce, ey a ycopee poepa, poep ee pao pa ey c pa , coaeo, o ay ay a . Ec e xoe y ee ya c eco e, .e, ye aa eee eoo epoa, o eya ea e e cyece apo, a aa coep po npa.

poep o cyae ocapae oy ayy ooy ey. Bce pa, e ocycy e, cac . Ke, e paocpoe e ea oy oxo o epepa ex ya, ycaaa eoo , .e. ey, no oopo oa cococ cea, ec poep e coe noy yy. B cyae o paae poepy y ee ya o cpoaoy ypcy e poa ee ya o cpoaoy ypcy e. Tpyo oa, ae aa yy coc cpay e o p a py, oy o aocc y aao.

pa, coepa con-aa, oo oao po e yara ea, a o x ea xo opeeeoo epaa. K aoy pey e peae o cyae, ec eae, poep poaa ero a, o o ex op, oa ea c o yaoeoo o-aae peea, c e copae yo ae . Hap, ec ea a pae, a ecp ea pope ee ya, eo poep oyae x o oe, oa ypc eo ya coaae c -eo, a opo e poc ocao x oyy.

Ocoeoc c-aaa e oooc eo cooa xpoa o ep (yo) copae "yao p.

Oo pa pao c e yaa a e noyn ee ya np cao coo ypce, a npoaa np cao o. C oo c-aaa (, a eo ee aa, opoooo opye) e ycaaae co, pee eo a ypoe p poae aca頖 p oye. Hapep, ec e y a o 90 , pacca x poa o oe ee, oao ope eo pooa ypc a oe , eo poep ee c-ey poa蠖 88 . Coaeo, e ae, o eo acae oep o ae ypca e yy pea 2 e.

Koa cey coepae cpoy ey, pacca a oee ypca, ee oroop, o opoy oy eca oe oa ee ya o 80 e, a ypc eoao eo oe epx, o eo poep ee o-ey oy 82 . Ta opao, o opaae co ep 2 .

Aaoo c-aa coye copae oep-p. ecp, e eopy yay p, oopy e xoe pepa aoc, aoc oy, paccae a poc ypca, ee c e cpaxy ce ee . p ae ypca eo poep e opyee poa a p oce ypco opoooo ae.

Hapep, eop pope ee ya a 60 e, B aoee pe x peo ypc 70 e aea a po ypca. B cyae yaa p cocae 10 e. Oao ec ypc ya o 68 e, poep poa ee ya, ooyea p 2 .

Ta opao, ecoe e ea cea ope. ey e, o pa poo a po , poep e oe yec x oo epe oy cyecye a pya yaa acca pao⠖ no opeoy pacnope, a eo:

pa a coe op;

y pa;

pa "o o oooc, ocaoe oe ;

o oe;

e oa, e oa;

pa -;

pa c epeee;

ce ero;

pa py o e.

pa a coce op epeae o cyae, ec ey poepo eo eo ycaoc oepee oe e oaae a ae poepo oyp oooo pa. B ero ae oe yaao:

y opeeee ee ya a cpoay cyy o ycope poepa;

poa opeee ee yar o ycpe poepa.

Ke o epea cpoe opyee, opoe peocae poepy npao coa paax opeeeo . pe ocee cyae op ex ya, x oeo, apaee e, e pe oe pae poep. Tao aa aec oaae epeay poepy cex ooo oac p ecox pee. Heopaee ooo pey coo aa eypeo peya poepa.

e pao opaa ooo poepa , o cyecy, pey o eo a ee oyp oooo pa .

npa (better order) oa poepa cea cpec oy ey yy, e ea opaeoo paa. pa, oee a y, oaae, ea opaeoo paa e poo (p oye) e ( cyae poa). Ec poep oy npa no no oooc, ocaoe oe (iediate-or-canclled-IOC), o oe eeeo o o, o aco, a eoea ac oec. Booa oee ea opa paa no oe (fill oh kill). o pa ce eeeo o oye, ae o oe oee.

p e noa (do not redce) cep yaa o , o orpae o pay e ce a cyy ea cyae, ec c e yaa poo ce e eo a a. pa e oa pee oo o a ea.

p "e noa opeee a opae pa a oyy, co-pa a poay c-opae pa a poay, op e oe oe a cyy a, oyaex .

Key, aco, pocae pao oa ac aee oo e o ae eae pyo. p - peoaae, aee oo eo aaec oee ce oae aa. pa "c nepeee oaae, o pya o poa ox ex ya oe cooaa a oyy pyx. Bo npa ce eo,6poep oe y poa ce a, yaae aae, pee e e coac c coee a. pa npy o e peoaae, o e popae oe oeco ex ya, yaax ae, o o aaaoro acya.

peapeo ao po, opa a poeccoao e aaec po apoa aa, e nepo pecpa (npea) ao. B pe poep aapye cya, caayc a pe, pocapae ce oae a, oc x oppe o apapa, eoxoe c eo pe, yoe coca opx pao. Oao o, oppoae ao a y poay ex ya ocyecec poepo a ocoe pao . O ecy oy oceoc a cooece oax ao opye.

coee ao ocyece poecce peoo pa. E opeeee ocoeoc, oae poecc coe ao xoe peo cecc peoo oopa. K ooc o a, a eyx pax pa ce ocoo coepac c e yaa, poe poeypy ( .. . --: , 2006).

5.6. poeypa ca Pe, peypyeoo e opo, .e.ocooo cocoa oppoa, ya yapeo oopo, coepee oepa c oyc ex ya opoe, cooyoc c opo poee oepa c oo eoc opaye cepey peoro exaa, ocyaeo peypyeo ee acooro aaa.

oo eoc pex . o poo oa ec Kopoo occ p, peceye e:

oyc ya a ooy py coepe c pax oepa oce cooeye poep ye acooro ooe p, paax ooe eoc;

opeeee e ypca ex ya, a ae pecpa ya ypco (e) a ooe eoc pex ex.

poecc opae oox eoce a cex oao apecppax oox pax oe ocyecc oo c e 6ya, oope ycneo npo cneay pey npoeypy, .e. (yao ee ). Bco oa eoxoo ec c (cco) cooeye p co ee ya, e oaeo poco poyca . oa p e oo e oyca ooe eoc, cycye ax (ccax), poeccy peoro pa, o o cpaxo cax cypox ca aeopec apea apecppoa a x ea ocye ae-o oepa c a eo ae o ae .

Bce ce c e yaa, e poe , oea ocye coe ceo ao ope o ey ca yaca e oee p. pa e ece oece a aeoc aooc ax ceo, a e oaax o ee pc oeax p pe paa oe.

opex o ex ya, .e. a x oe pex ccax, oaae papeee a yace x pax ae ce e pe, op aee a a ea yaa, ye aeoaa peo poe.

C peco pe aoe aoepoe oeco aao e oao oc co a e ee ya e e pee c;

oo ee a pao, opoe oce e oaeo peaa. Te e eee pea po a oa, , a pao, co oa cera cpe paec co ee ya a ao-o oo ae ecox pax pax, po y cya opeeee o peyea, eae peaa ao paa a pae.

K npeyeca ca cooeceo yac pex pax oc pee ceo co apaoc, .e. oo peaa a pe, oe ypoe oc ex ya, a ae oe o ooceo aoc x . poecc opaoa oox eoce o oc opoe eocpeceo peypyec cao pe, opa a opao peoxpae aaee a pax ce o a x ee oeea oyn.

ecop, oya ee ya, ee opoa c p, oe yepe, o oy ocepy coepeey opa o oa-ee pe ee ex ya. O oe e ooo oea pce ooecoro pa ea aeco ero ex ya.

Ta opao, oe, c ecp, pe o cpeca o ecec c ooe eoc, ece c aaec popeae o aop cex peyec, ope ae ce oec cpe a, paae oo pa. ooa pa, oao, e apapy oxoo e a oa, poex .

Aaoo y e p ecoex o pe o ece cox ex ya pee c oao apecppoax oox p ae ea ca . Ta, oa, ecee ae cc, oya oy ecoc nony (c) cpe , ax cepe ec. Ka pao, a, acoe y ca poep pae eoxoo coaac aac oco a oe yc a x ex ya ex oa, oope oea oao a peoe o ece x pee c xo a oo oao apecppoao. Kopoa a a pe ooe oa a yoe o a pe.

pa ccea oep poo coc a. p ooe c oa oea ao opae a ypcoy poy co a, a e a y, aacoy, opa y ax oa, a pao, e. pe cpa ec ocoae peoae oa opeeex oee cyece co np aooo. aoe, oa, coco ax ax, a pao, ee ae oc oep pacnooe a aco cyo cyax ooe y x opeoc aax pax, a ae oeaec paeee ox nyco o6a, oeppyex ccoe (coe) . Ta opao, c㠖 o ccea noep pa, oopa coae aonpe yco opaoaoo pa, nooe aoee aee aecee ee ya cnococye noe x oc.

B ae pae oa e oaa coo-y aeoo a oey aea eo ya a c pe ecopa, a ea. Oao ce ae opax oyeax yoa ee ya, ee poy poy.

oyae (ae) ex yar, ex poy opoy, a pao, oaa peyeo peeppoa o x oeceee o cpae c e yaa e .

p ca ycaaa paa oa-e, eax co a peo cco, oy a ao pe co exoor oyca ex ya opoe. Paa peoa oa, ea opoa co a a opeo pe.

Pae poecca a a oeeeo ooo pe eo cooeye poo pae. Ta, a pyex pax Pocc ycaoe ae aeee pep, a co a opae cpo cyeoa e ya, a a epex x x aa paa yaoro aaa.



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