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FB2:, 07 April 2009, version 1.0 UUID: 26c6223a-64f3-102c-9c68-5025ca853da2 PDF: fb2pdf-j.20111230, 13.01.2012 ...

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cnoe opa B, ocye eyy eeoc p (paee o ae c pee), aaae copae eo p.

6.3. B ax ceo.

Topo ao ocyecece oe accoooa copoa a aeace. Baa epece.e.eo epy oep e cpoo ao . o acco ao ce, cee cno, aa oae cpay, a pao, e epe a paox oce oo eepay. Ec epecee a pooo ecoepeeo, poe pocpoy. Kaccoe ae pe coepeeoo oye opao a, eoxoo coepe eepox oepa. C epexo aa a ypca ycc cey ee ac .

ypcox oea a ao pe, apep, cooae peeoo papa ey oye a ee . poo pacpocpaea paa ocpooo aea , apo, acaoo eo aa acoc o oaeo a poex cao ax . opep cpe oa ce acao po, ec oae peaa yaoeo a aea (p cpoax ax ypcax), aa aaeo ypca ao a . p opax eex pa ypca a aea oaa ye acao aac. B oox apaax opep pe oy ypcoy p. copep ye cpay e oea oyey ocpay ay a aoay, ec ypc eo a oae o ooe ypcy pao . B poooo cya o opee c a oeo c e oye ypcoo p a c oee oe peaa a.

pya oooc coa ypcox oea caa c eee o a ax ceax aoax (ae cea) apax (ae cea) aax. Cea co oe a yxcpo, a . p yxcopoe poe oeac aoae a yacyx cee opo.

B eyapoo poe ao coc opeee op paa, e ycaoee aooaeo ooopo ope, o o cea coaee p coepe . Hapy c yepc pao epece ycaoeo cy o accoo cee e oec yx e oce ee ae ooe aee pope eye paoo ycaoec paa, ope eoxoo coa aoeo pae.

1. Oee opo. Baa cea ocyecec pepo cey o6pao: ep, pe cpoc a ay peaa ee, pee ceo ce ooee a ao pe. o o oyec, a pao, eec ae eyapoo opaoo . Ha pae ce o aae opo a eyapox acox pax. ep caec c aoee oxo ey ao c y apoeoo epa ypc poaa oyae o epecyeo eo ae, pe eo e cooae o oye poae a. p epecax oepa eoo peya aa apoe ep oe coo oaee ypc, ceecy o eo oooc poa y ay o aa ypca p a pe ao paepe. paec po ocyeec cya, ecoo pa pea ae. apaa ep ee opeeeoe peyeco, a a o pae peee o oye poae a oce o, a ya opo. B cyae ec apaae ep e cooae oaee ypc a, apaa ep oocyec opa ypca, e oa aa cey e aa ee a opeeey ay cyy.

2. peee c noo oc. ooe aee ae ce ee paa ey ypca poaa oyae, o oopeeo opee paep p aa, ycaaaeo ypc. p o ea apa caec eoc, a 6o eeoc . apaaeo epa oee peaa . Oao ae ee ypc oy ycaoe oo cyae, ec aoca p ocao ea, oeceae ae pa co oopoa po. ee ypc yaaa ex pox apepo, c op cyeye ooeee copyeo aa po oo oee.

3. oe aee ce.. ocoy pe e, a pao, o oe pyx cyax, aee ce cpay e oepae oyea, o cy oe cee ee aeo. aee ce oo a: op oeaex a;

ca ypco;

yaoee pyo cy ce;

yaae apeco, o op ye oac .

Bp o ax ceo ec cpoa, opapa, aa ca.

Heoxooc ax eo aec cpeee ee yao aaopeeo yao ypc, o oopoy yy pocxo pace o a cea yye. Cyoc opapo ao e aac o, poae ep a ce oaeco epe opeee cpo ( peeax o ooo oa) epea oyae ay, a oyae oyec p ee oa cooe c yco ce.

p opapx eax ycaaae ypc, o opoy yy ocyecc pace yye. O oc aae cpooro (opapoo) ypca. B eo ocoe e ypc accox ceo, coc a oe ae opapo e, a ae aa (peop, ao) c (eop, ao).

C epexoo aa ax ypco eoxooc cpox oepa paxoa pca opoc. p coepe opapo e poeyo pee ey aee ee coee cyeeo e, e p accoo cee, oe coca ecoo ece (o oa). Oo cpo ypc opapo ce ooapa p oca opaa. Kpoe o, accooy ypcy ycaaa aa (peop, ao) c (eop, ao). Paep peopa opa ac e oo o oea opapx ceo, o o pa poex aax o oe aa. a c ec ca "co". Kypc o cpoo cee opeee a coooee cpoca peoe a ao pe oe ae ce, pae poex caax o .

ap e paccapa . Hapep, ec poee a o ocpao ae aeo pacy, o oae cpoc a y ay a accoo pe, ooy pac ae ypc co. Oopeeo cae cpoc a cpoo ao pe, a ceoaeo, opap ypc. B ao cya ee eo o opapoy ypcy eop o ooe accooy ypcy. p aax ax ypcax o xapaepa eye ee eo e (epx ) ac a cpoc, a poee ao .

cooae opapx ax ceo oo opepo copepo oe oye oee aeo oco ay ce, a a ye p ae ooopa eaco o cooo ypco a a oe oa, y oex eo opo cyecy yepeoc oye yaoeo cy. Ce coepac o oe oepec ao opap ypca c eopo peopo accooy ypcy.

Paccop a. 8, e pcae accoe ypc ca .

* aoaa aa oapy .

** p CA a y cepo.

ocee pae ope poo ac ypco cooecyx a oapy CA, opoy pe accoe ypc. a "+" "" e yaa, ocoy ax oeo, pe e o peope eope. opap ypc paccaec a cya (paee) peopa accooo ypca pao (ae) eopa accooo ypca.

a. 8 o, a a oe oap CA poae co co o oe ape P, eapcoy pay, oacoy yey c aao o ooe paycoy pay aco pe. y epo ae poae co co. B eo .

Heaco a e蠖 accoo cpoo頖 ypc poaa ca e ypca . Kpoe o, paa ey cpo ypca poaa oyae oo ecoo oe, e .

Paccp pep ce cpooo ypca o a. 8.

Kacco ypc oapa CA oacoy yey2,7558 2, eop a 3 eca42 = cpo ypc2,7516 2, B cyae apa o acco ypca paa 20 ea, a o cpo젖 30.

B ceye pepe peoaae, o peop o 3-ecoy ypcy oapa pe 8,75 9,50.

Kacco ypc oapa CA aco pe 1436,66 1438, + peop a 3 eca 8,75 9, = cpo ypc 1445,41 1448, apa o acco ypca pepe paa 2,00, a o cpo젖 2,75.

B peex pepax cpoe ypc oo ca cpoa paa p ae cpoo . copep opep o pe, yy o p ax ycox coepa cpoy ey cpaxoa oocpoo eopoo oepa. p ooaeo ycaoe ypca o o y, cpoa ea caa c opee copa. Paa a a cpoo ao ce.

1. poca opap cea B cyae opaa ea aae . Copo ooapa peoca opeey cyy aoy cpoy o yaoeoy ypcy. o opapx eo o ee poe coyec ex cpaxoa ee aoo ypca.

Hapep, A peae oe oap CA a eapce pa cpoo a a eca. O apaae epa oyae o eo a epa 1995 . ceyy opoy: 1 o. CA = 1,9765 1,9773. p ae ce 10 epa 1995 . o oe a 1 .o. A oyae 1, . eapcx pao. Ta opao, A oa peoca 10 ape 1995 . 1 .o. oy 1,9765 . eapcx pao eaco o a accooo ypca e. A a copepa cyecy apa oy oe a pac ey ae oapax CA yy cyy eapcx paax. E e eee yx ece ypc oapa CA eapcoy pay opac, o oy ycaoey o ooopy cyy eapcx pao, xo acco ypc a 10 ape 1995 . aopee, A o oy oy cyy eapcx paax a pac ey ae oapax . Ec e ypc oapa CA a poe yx ece o, copep oy o aepe cpoo e yaoey cyy eapcx paax e ca e a oep. Ec oe ae opapo ce 10 epa 1995 . oae poc (aee) ypca oapa CA o ooe eapcoy pay, o cpoo cee yaec c oo peopa (eopa) accooy ypcy. B cyae copep pae peee: coacc a eop, oa ae ypca, e ceypoa a oaeo eo oe, aec a o, ypc oae a pe ypoe. O po pe, ocoaoo a aope pca, ac p y yaco e.

2. Cea con aa ca, opa aae ey aa pa coo oa y poa oo o e a, o pae cpo. Opeeea cya a paax oo ce oyaec a cpo poaec a accoo pe a. p cya ocpao a, oyaea ycaoeoy cpoy, yeaec (yeaec) a ey a co p oee a c eop (). Oo pyx oeax ce co coepac y epa .

6.4. exa ae ceo c ao.

C ccao oyPocc a epeo aoc a po. peoo eocoo. Hae ocao ooo coepac a a peo, a epeo (eaoco) ao pe. B poo pae ocoa o ceo a pxoc B aoee pe xapaepo cyecoae yx ax po:

oea pocccx ax p o cpae c apye paa oycoo eoo yao ooeco cyae, coec ceo cpae, caopa poo papyypo, co pco eoe oaec o ca a epeo pe, eoxoo ycaoe ypca a coepe ceo c a, ee opaeoe xoee, a ae peee paea o oaeo poae epe ae p 50% copo py, oyaeo -. Pae poo pacpyyp, cooae copeex cpec c cococy yee o ceo c a a epeo eaoco ao pe.

aa eo c ao a pe cya ep pop, oe aa . Ce coepac p occe epeoopo o eeoy, eecy, eeacy c coae ce a, opa ocyae aeo Reutes.

pee p a ao pe po coe c cao p, a ae aooaeco P, peypy poeee ax . Baa pa e . pao yacoa pax a e e ee ypee, a ae opaa, pe e p.

aa opo papeeo ocye onepa yx o:

o coeo e o opye e;

o coeo e a co ce.

a opo oy oep ocyecee oepa a ao pe co peae, opx ey epa. Oao ep a ao pe e oe ocyec ce c, o e pecaee yaca po.

B pex pax eo yac oy pecae oo aoo.

opo ae ax ceo a pe peae cy opao (cxea 21).

1. K npae peee o noyne npoae ocpao pae yaca opo, epe oopoo yy ocyc . Ta opao, e ya po poaa oyae a. Ceye e y, ee poao oyaee o a ppe, opaa, a o a, e e epaoo aa Pocc a coepee oepa c ocpao . B c co cey xapaepo ax ceo ay ece c ee oopeeo yaaae a coepee oepa c a.

2. Coaee ey eo yaco opo. Ec yac po p ae eo c ao cyae o coeo e o opye ea a eo ce, coaee c eo oope o eo ycope ceo, .e. oyeao (ceoe opyeco, ac, eec), yco.

3. opoe cpec ea noe ceo. Ta a yac po a ao pe ece acoy eec a eoee e cox oaec, o pae peoa o eo opoa ep aao po ce a cy e, aeo eo pa ocpao ae pyx.

4. ope a ea. oy ( poa) op a pcae yacy po ay.

B ae oe yaa ay ce ee o, paep ce peoe a ypc (ec aa poaa), o opoy coace ee y ( ). Ec a epoaa, yaae, o aa oe yea ( poaa) o eyey peoy ypcy.

B ae a oyy ocpao a e eappy e ee . Ka pao, aee e cya pace no cey a onepa:

oya apo ycy, pa a eeyay coceoc, pace o op ocye a ycox e cpo aea e peoaa pecae pee aex cpec opao ae;

epeo a pay eo o ec ooy Pocc;

ocycee eyx aee o ae poe ocooo oa o pe a cpeca ..

5. Ope ynoooeo ae cneaoo cea ea. Ceae ca cya yea ocpao a, yeo e a ao pe, opac yoooex aax, oyx opye ea a oyy ocpao a.

oooe a ocyce opo a ee cooae cpe, axoxc a yaao cee, yae ocyee ccae acox pecypco o pee ea coecyx oye.

B cae ec opaa aa yea a ao pe c pee cooecyx oye, ee eoxoo cooa eee e oee yx ece o a ee ace a cea ce. Ho ec aa yea e a coyx oye, oa oa paoaa eee e oee 15 paox e a ee ace a yaa ce. o ee cpoo xpae ecooay ay ea yooo a oa poa a ao pe a opex opax.

6 aa yaca opo a noyny () npoay ocpao . ya oye poae opao a epe aao opo ee yac pa ypcooy aepy, eyey peo op, papee a ce o a cpe a x oppecoex ceax ocyax x aax. Kaa aa pa oe peoeoa yaca po p oppecoee cea opx aax. B aax yaco po e ae paa a oepa, pooe a co c, a ae o opye e yoooex ao, e xc ea ao p. Paa a a npeapex ao yao po:

a oe yae pax;

a aooe yace pax.

B ae yaca po yaae cya oy poa ocpao a, a ae ee ypc, o opoy o o y poa ay. Cya oy poa ocpao a yaae oapax CA. B 1994 . aa cya oy poa ocpao a cocaa 10 c. o. . B eee ceo peoo eo yac epe cox paee oy oaa ooee a, e cy oy poa, a ae ypc paee oax ao.

peapee a o pecae yaca po e oee e a 1 . o aaa ayoa.

7. peo op a ao pe poo ope ayoa, op ee ypcoo aep. B eo oao ae xo opeeee eyeo ypca ocpao a py.

p poee ayoa ao ycao aa ypc a, c opoo aaec ayo. B aece aaoo ypca oy coac:

ypc, acpoa a peyx opax ao ao p;

oce ypc B;

oa ypc epaoro aa .

Kao yaax ypco pa a aa ypc, ycaaae peo coe opeo p.

epe aao pa ypcoo aep oe cy ao a poay . a a poay coca npeoee, a oyy cnpoc.

Oaoc aepa aaec ycaoe aaca ey cpoco poee, .e. o oe oc ca.

c㠖 o cocoe opo, np oopo oe ao a npoy ocpao a coc pa oey o a ee noyny.

oe oce ca e oe aepe po (ayoa). c xapaepye opee ypco ocpao a aoao, op aoc ypco ae eo ocyece pace o a ax opax. c e oae aoaec. Cyecy onpeeee npaa, ooe ero .

1. Ec peoee peae cpoc, o aep oa ypc a;

p pee cpoca a poee aep, apo, oae ypc ocpao a o ooe .

Hapep, oe oy cocae 1200 ycox e a, a oe poa 800, .e. oe noy peae oe poa, o coae yco poca ypca a. B cyae oce ca eoxoo:

) c (ye) oe oy;

) .

Ec e oe oy ye coca 800 ycox e a, a oe pa 1200, oe poa pec oe oy, .e. ypc a ae . B cyae oce ca eoxo:

) c (ye) oe pa;

) .

2. He oycaec eee apae e ypca ocpao a aoao oce epoo ee aaoo (cpoo) ypca.

3. Ea ee ypca opao a aoao poecce po opee ypco aepo. B aco o pa ey cpoco poee oa oe ycaaac o 0,1 o 10 .

4. ooee a o ee cy oy pa oa yaca po epe cox epo.

5. Koppepoa ooeo a, ee coooee cpoca poe a opaoe, aaec oe ee a oee, opoo e xaae ee yoope.

p oppepoe ao coy ceye x :

oaa ay a pay;

yeaa oe oy a;

yeaa oe oy a;

caa ay c pa.

p oopeeo ocye oo ao o pax epo pope ee aa, acaa o ee.

cxo pa oce ca oo a aepax apaa ycaoe peoo ypca.

Bapa ep o aa, ocy a py o aaa po, ypcoo aep (oaoe o p) ycaaae epx npee (ypcoo ca), paax opx pooeo oe ye acpoa ooae ypc po, apep, a 1 o. CA 1900 py. : 2000 py. ypc poaa (o y ypcy pecaeo aoe oeco ao a pay), 1900 py. ypc oyae (o y ypcy oyo aoee oeco ao a oyy).

Paccp ec ypcooo aepa yao po.

ec ypcooo aep. Kae 3 . ypcoo aep ee ypc py cpoy oe (ec cpoc peae poee) oe (ec poee peae cpoc). Kypcoo aep (eo oo) cpye poecce po ce ee, ecee ee yaca ooe oeca aeo a yco ee poa.

ec yaco . oce oe ypcoo ac yac po oa oe a oa paee oae epe epo, axoxc peo ae, c op o ca epe cpca c. oaa ox ao o capx ocyee epoec (c epao 3 .) o epe ee aoo ypca.

oaa ox o apx ao ac o coooe cpoca poe.

p npee cnpoca a npeoee:

poa a oy ye oeo peaaeo a, a ae e yco paee ax ao cpoy oe ypca py o, o caacpoa cpoc poee;

oyae a oy ye oeco oyaeo a, a ae e yco paee oax ao cpoy oe ypca a o ooe py.

p npee npeoe a cnpoco:

poa a oo yea oeco poaaeo a, a ae e yco paee oax ao cpoy oe ypca py;

oyae a, a pao, yea oeco oyaeo a, a ae e yco paee oax ao copoy oe ypca py.

p ocyece ca ypcoo aep cpe y, o o yoeopeo acao oooe oeco ao o oy ypcy.

Bapa opo Ayo aae co capooo yp. peypoae cpoca peoe pocxo peeax pa ey cpoco poee. B oe, oa cpoc peoee ypaoeac pap ey ee a poooo, pocxo c, p . Bce opee ce a aee cy coepac o acpoaoy ypcy (a. 9).

Hapep: cpoc 892 .py.;

peoee 417 .py.

oce ca ypc cpay e ca a aoo aa. pa opay oepay ya cpeeo ypca poaa oyae .

8. Pecpa onepa no yne-npoae. Bce oepa yaco po o ye-pae ocpao a eeeeo peppy a ao pe c yaae:

oeo oy poa ocpao a (c eee oepa, poox a co c o opye e);

oeo poa ocpao a co ceax ce;

aoo ypca o ae ea;

e, ocyecx oyy poay opao a;

ee oy ea opao .

Oao cey oe, coaco aooaey P aa opa o yacax po e oepeco ao oa .

9. Pace no cea. oce ooa pex po aee ce oop pe ceea, e cy ooopa.

O ca yx epax, oca ypco aepo yaa pa. Pace yao po o cea, ae a ao pe, ocyec a ocoa pex cec, cooec c ycaoe opo pace o pe oepa c ocpao a, opee:

1) a, op opae ca yaco po yacye paceax;

2) cpo ocyee pace o ea;

3) eeo yaco po ao p a apyee opa cpoa poee .

aa EPCH TOPOB 7.1. oe epco opo epcace. opa 6peo opo pe oapo nocpecoyaa ooope cpo no ee, onpeeeo copoa np pc opa caap peo ooop a nocay oapa coepe epcx (cpox) .

opo epc opa caappoa o ce apaepa, poe ooo e oaeoro apa, opa e poecce pex opo.

Caapa epcoro opaa ae ya cyx ocox noaaee: opeea coc apa, eo oeo poe yco opae, apa, eo acoe oeco paep oa a oee o eo, paep ap oapa, yco cpo oca, opa oa, ca a apyee yco opaa, opo appaa p.

Bo epco opoe e aee apa, a op aae opa, oeco ax opa, ec oa , aoe, ea aoro oapa, poaea opae.

Bao ocoeoc epco po, eae ee aapa, e oeeoc paa. Cpoa o epco opae cya e poae oyae, a pae Paca aaa oyae Pacea aaa p. oo poay oyae ecoa eaco py pya, .e. poa co oaea o paee oopeoy opay ye coepe opao ce c Paceo aa p.

Kpy oeo epco po oe po. ocoy po epc opaa蠖 o pea oepa c pe ooopa, a e c ca apa, o x ocoo oe e oo ap a eoe aepaoe ao, a ooe o oe opo, anpep, ee ya o cex cox paoocx. Ho pa oeo po c opa, oo poa opaa a opa, opaa a py opa .. Oao oe, eee opaee yaaoo poecca e c c po peaoo apa, peaoo aaa ..

7.2. cop p ooe epco opo epcace c ax peoapo c pea apo.cepoaaoepe opee ec, e aac pyooe po oa po pa a poco ape pe ocao oyae eeeo a cpo. apaeo y poeccy o pae po apa opaa, ae a py, oao x cpo (oo cc eca). B oce cyae ap o ye poee, o eo ee oo peco poec. B e po apo c eeeo ocao po c ocao epe opee cpo peye, ooapaec cpo pea opeee opoc o aece yyeo apa, paepax oaex ap ..

Ce, aee co cpoo oca a yyee, e o opa c eeeo ocao apo pey oee eo caapa apapoa x coe. ae oop, o epe pa pyo poeoc eax o peoa oa eoxooc oeeo peeo caapa apx eo, c oo opo, apapoa x coe c pyo. Ec aapa eo oeae x aee, a a, e yee pooo oopa, apapoae peye a ao- opaa, opa ep a ce yaay aay. y aay yceo o p, ope poo oy pay o aapa yco aaex ceo apaa x c.

Cea apapoa coe ceo paaac yx apaex. C oo cpo, p coaa paxoe, apae aac pex apo, a c pyo頖 pooe pae oy exa epepoa paee aex pex opa, oo poay oyae ec oaa coe peoo ooopa ( cy opeeex ooecx yco) poa coe ooopoe oaeo y ooe. ocee ocoeo ye o peo papae caapx pex ooopo c ocao oapa a cpo x opae a caocex oe peo .

Ocoa pa eoxooc pa epco po coco , oc oeceae ce ex opae, ope ee po eocpeeo pe apo. Ca ap a aepaoe ao ece cee opae pa peo p.

ac o x oo ye opaa po e ca oapo, a paa a ap, .e. epc opaa. Ky-poaa apo a pe yyae eo peoy oopy epcx opa, c opx c po peaoo apa oc ocoo oce xapaep, a a ecoo poe o oeo ca opa aaac peao ocao apa. Kocea e c coc o, o ae opa ooo poa oya x coe c e eec poo oyp a x oepecy y eeoc.

epca opo oac o po ooe XIX . Ee ooee pae ca c e, oa ooa c pc eaopx oea e a opaee aaa, ye paep peepoo aaa, peyeoo a cya epo oyp, ycop opa eeo ope aacpoaoro aaa, yee pey po, c ep opae. Topo a epco pe o cpae c pe peaoo apa a peyeceo xapaep eo ( ecoo poe eo aepa ocao apa, a ocae a pa eax);

ocoo ocea c c po peaoo apa epe xepoae;

oa ya cex yco opa, poe e cpoa oca;

oeeoc ceo, a a o peppy e ey e oyaee pao, a ey Paco . Ce a epco pe aac a a ap, a a a, ec a, poee ca .. Oe oepa a epco pe, a pao, o oo pa peae paep po pea apa.

Oco apa, e c oop aa a epcx pax, c epoe, acoceea, aca, e eepoy, paoee e a, xoo, caxap, oe, aao-o, o .

7.3. e epco opo eCepco po ceyeop paxopoxcocpeecx . eo. o peyeca epe poe paccapa c p pe xoca no p epca opo peya eceeo o pa peo po ycox pooo xoca, .e. poecce oco oypeo o aoap pea apo, epca opo ooa pa ycox aoe poo oo, apaaa aaa aa coeo cyecoa pa. ae oop, e, opy pecoa p, paa epcy opo, coc ye oxoo paepax, eoxox cyecoa poo cpe.

y aay p o peaoa oo cyae, ec oa eaa opeee opeoc pooro xoca eo a opex aax .

C pe pooo xoca e epco opo e yoeopee epeco pox pyo ppaee cpaxoa oox ee e a pe peaoo apa, x poopoa a ye cpee e ap, a oeo cee oye p o peo po.

Boooc poopoa e poo ooe eae cooo ypo pa ooece pooca, eo eyapoo epa. epca pea po, ocoac a yaax peocax, coae exa aoo pooo poopoa e. Toap ee e coa (e pae, e o), a e a eo epe y-poay epcx opa ye e y pao , oepac cex pocxox opyae pe poecco.

Boooc cpaxoa ee e a pe peaoo apa oe aoap y, epc po oocoe pa pea x apo. p a cocao yaco, ec po, ypoe ao e ..

7.4. exa peo epco opo Ocopace opo a epcx opa;

:

eea exaa peo epco po opaa peo opo epc opaa;

opo opaa coe epcx opao.

Topo epc opa aae c oa e a pecae poepco p, pye a pe. opa a oe ceo yco acoc o o, ec e oc ao p pao, ee ooop ey e po a oaae ey pex . aa ae ae o ape, cpoe oca, oece opa ee. Ooceo e e ooapae o ee opooe ae, o a pa y (poa) opa o eye peo ee.

pae poepco p epee ay (oo o eeoy) eocpceo peo a poepy, paoaey a ay py, co opao ep, ec pe pao p ye aooc.

peo poep poecce po pae co aa a y-poay opao: peaaey ey x . B co oep, pye poep, oye aa a poay (y) o e a opa, peaa co ey. p coae e oy e poa ea caec aeo eeeo pecppye pe .

oce ooa pex opo poep poep pe aex ceo, ae a opa o eoe opao apae oo o e.

opo paceo epco poe ee ocao co xapaep. aepa ao, cepeo cex pace o ep opaa cyae Pacea naaa Pace ep, c e exec eo opaa epco opo.

Pacea aaa paa oecea acoy ycoc pa epcx opa, ay epeco e, opo a pe oepa. Pacea aaa cyae a pe cpoa ceax o ce opaa, .e. oyae poa pa a ce acoe oaea e py ep pyo, a epe Paceo aa. yy yaco o e, oa pae a ce oeeo aee apaa.

Pacea aaa:

pecppye peyae pex po ce;

opeee ae aooe cy o ae epc opaa;

opeee epece cy pe pope eo Paceo aa p ooe eye peo e o opao, p p ooo ea e pope pyoo ea ao e ee;

ocyee a aooaaxc opa pace o ;

opay coee epcx opa;

apapye coee pcx opa.

e Paceo aa oo poepce p, pye a pe. Ec poepca pa o ao-o pe e e eo Paceo aa, o ee pace o pe ea c Paceo aao oe ocye o ee npecae o ooopy a ocyae c o poepco .

Pacea aaa oo pecae coo o cpyypoe opaeee p, o caocey oepecy opaa, ocoay pe pyo p. Ka pao, oa ocyae pace o epc opaa cpay ecox p, o cyae opacae co ee e⠖ poepcx p-eo aa, a a, pay oopo, p, peepe paxoe o, oaec yooc e o epco poe e a opa p eaopx eex poo oyp.

Bce e Paceo aa opa e co cea, c oo oopx ocyec oee pace ey poepco po pe, ey poepco po Paco aao, ey poepc pa o ye-poae opa.

oxo p oo coo aeoo copa a a poa (ye) opa acoo ee (apep, 1 py. a opa) eaco coc oapa, poaaeoro o . Ta a oeco opaaxc opa cocae o ec oo, oxo p ep oa.

Pacea aaa pecppye ae a pax epc opa a ooe oaeco:

) poaa oca ap pe;

) oyae p ap o p oa eo.

p pecpa opaa aa cpo ce oc a cea ce Paceo aa aooy cyy co coeo paceoo cea, paep opo yaaae pe c yeo pox xapaepc apa, a op ae epc .

B co oepe, poepce p a co cox eo yaae aooe cy ope, peycpeo x ooopa c ea a ocyae.

Ka cey e peo po paep aoox cy o ec, ec ea aeoro opaa aae ooc o peo e a oe ooa po. B o cyae Paca aaa poo epepace aoox cy cox eo, a o, epy oepe, ocyec epepace c x ea.

Baee opaa, ea aac o oe cox oae o ey o cee cpoa ec opaa, oe coep pooooy oepa: y opa, ec o o o eo poa, poa opa, ec o o o ero y, ya oy pay ey ea .

pee p epc opaa c oao apa a opeeey ay pepaa a ecoo e o aye cpoa . B cyae aa cpo opaa oaa o ce yco aeo ce, .e. oooe coee opaa oaeo opopye pe paa.

oa coaco eeyc peoy opay oa oa ap (ec pe o apo epce) opee, opeeoy cooecy opao p ca yao epco po c pooooo oe. aa opee oa oa oay cooe c eo, apeppoao o epco opae.

Hapyee oae o epco poe oo opo ee pye pae ca, a coee oae apapyec pe a ce ee paxox aaco .

pa pye cpay ec (oa eca) a apo a ocoe ae epcx . aoro oapa oo coe ec pe.

aee eo a pex pax ycox cao poo oo oeae e, oo pap ey pae poao eo eo oy coae ece o poea.

Cea, aea poecce pex opo, y e cpye cea cya p ceae a epooe ao, aee oa poxo poeypy pepa ocyae pacy ccey.

opo pepa ceo a ao pe opaoa coo c opa paa opeo p oe oac o oyeooopoa pyx p. p opaoe oyea ooe aee e ee ypoe onepa: e o e, e ee ya oyeooopo. Oo yx caec aa opaa oyeooopoa, p oopo cya p peppy opa cpay oepe, a poep-pa oyae aoc eo a eoxoe pe ce poc poep pao cxox ax. ooee pea epoaax (x c pex po) ax o ee oaa ee oepee ao cpo.

B pe cyae p pax peoo ae pa copya ey coo, coacy pe poe po. oe ooa peoo pa oo p e ero aao a py pe, oecea epepoc poee po.

poep, paae peo ae, oo ec a e py. epe aa ce o opye e: poa oya x epce opa. Koccooe oapaee e yaa o ooopy ocyae x poepco pe.

Bpa pya poepo coepae e cox poepcx p, .e. paoae aece epo. oyc eocpce pcye peo ae (ece opo) o pe po, o e peeoe peyeo ep ea p, axoc a ee peea. ep oya poa opa o coeo e epa x eee ecox y ae cey, coy e, cae eoe oea e oye eex oxoo.

Xo oaa acca epcx opao pye o oea x coe, e coceo coc caa cy epco po, aeeo a oyee p o ceo o epc opaa, eopa x ac oe coe (oo ecoo poe o oeo ca aex opa). coe epc opa o cy ye opap opa, apapye pe.

exa cnoe epcoo opaa poo peaepyec pe oo cee paae cao epco opae.

eo oa apa o epcoy opay ( ec oye) oo cace ooc coecyero a (apep, eap), c op y p ae ooop, pycapae oee cex peoa aepaeo aa epco po.

Ca o cee yco oca apo o cy aao paa oca poy, pee ae pae. Pac a ocay apo oy ocyecc eocpceo ey poao oyaee, y Pacey aay. op paceo ac o x pee ao cpae. Oo o pace ea. p oe aeo ooc opy ea oca (oye) apa, o cao o cee c apae coe epcoo opaa. ooe ae yeec ecopacooe cacx ooe, x acooy coc, ypo paceo a ycy, aey x coe, oc pao epcoaa ..

7.5. Xepoae pea cey XB堖 cnocopoanp xpoae cey. pea cy o cnoco noye npenpoecce peo noye npoecce peo epco opo, ocoaec a pax ae pea oapo e epcx opao o e oap.

pae peo pae epco opo, apyec a pax ae e epcx opao o pee, npocpace a pae oapo.

B oo-ooeco cce xpoae, pea cey pca coo poc cey, .e. coco oye p, ocoaec e a pooce, a a pae eax. Xepoae pea cey e op cey a pe, cocyecye ooe py pya, o e pe oaec e . e cpo oo ea. Xepoae eooo e peo cey .

Xepoae a pe ocyec, a pao, pp, opaa, ace a, ope oopeeo c yaca pa peax oapo: pooe, epepao, po.

peo ceye oo aac e p ce eae (oo ae a) cpa a pae ae e .

Ha pae e pooo papae ey cyea, aac xpoae, cyea, eeo opx caa c peo ceye, a a ya pa peax apo e yacy pex ceyx, o poo xce aoe o oyee p eaco o, a ce ax pex oepa a e .

Xpoae pecy e oyee ooeo p o cpae c p o peaa a pe peaoo apa.

B eo oo cex opaa , ope e ea p, pcae coo ocoy opy oepeco eeoc a pe c oo e oyee aoe p apy c py cyey opa . Xpoae c c oce xapaepo, .e. oopeeo oop a ey peaoo apa a ey epcoro opaa a e ap, ee aoe paecoe aee.

Oo oeceae ocey c peoro pa epcx opao c po peaoo oapa.

Xepoae oe y peoo paxoa o eox oep a pe peaoo apa oecea oeca eopx pacxoo (apep, a xpaee ) ( o y ee coe pocxoee ca ep xepoae).

Texa xpoa coo cye.

poae aoo apa, pec apaxoa ce o peoaaeoo ce e, poae a pe epc opa a a ap (xepoae poae). B cyae ce e o yae epc opa, ea a op oe yaa, oyae p a epco pe, oopa oa oecpoa eooyey pyy a pe peaoro apa (yco 1).

Coaco ycooy pepy 1 pae oeo e oy o poa apa (80 e) epco pa (20) y cyy py, opy o pacca oy o coco a 1 ap (100 ).

oyae aoo apa aepecoa , e oepe y o oe e a oap. oy, oaa, e yy pac, o oya epc opa a a ap (xepoae oyo). B cyae, ec ee yaaa, yae pae co epc opa, ea opoo e opoca c c poc e a pe peaoo apa, e ca oecpye co ooee pacxo o oye aoo apa (yco pep 2).

a, cxo ycooo pepa 2, apa oyae a pe peaoo apa (120 ) aroap oyeoy oxoy pco po (20) e pec cy apa, apyex o coco a 1 ap (100 ). Oa peex pepa pacpa cy cpaxoo y xpoa.

cooae exaa epco po, a eye peex yox pepo, ooe poaa apoa co pyy, a a, p, a oyae젖 apa.

Ha pae pyo pyaa eee e a e cpo. a e po peaoo apa epcoo e coaa, ooy, a pao, xpoae e oxaa ce acc poeex pex .

Cyey pae op (coco) xepoa acoc o o, o e eo yao c ao e oo ocyece.


Xepoae oe pooc a ec a ap a ero ac;

a c a ap ap, ocycy e ae epcoro opaa;

a oa pax a oa peaoo apa oee epcoo opaa ..

Xpoae ooe oy ooey p. Cpe paa ey eo aoo apa epcoo opaa a cooecy ec oa pcae coo ac ac pacxoo a xpaee pyx pyopoopyex apo.

B cyae xepoa poae apa, ea oy ooey p, oe pec poa epc opa a co ap o ee, peae ecyy poy ey peao apa a ey aca. Ec aee ac ye yeac, xeep (.e. o, ocye xepoae) pae, a a o poc e a epco pe ocae poa e a peao pe, o cee e a epco pe oepea cee e a peao pe. B cyae yee aca xeep-poae .

oyae apa, ea oy ooey p, ocoae cox poroax a o ee aca, .e. p eo opaa xep pa, a p yee aca poae.

B yaax apaax oea ea xeepa paa eo eeo ee c eee aca.

ꠖ + , e ꠖ oea ea xeepa;

ea ea xeepa;

eee aca.

Ec xeep e poao, y eo y ooea p cyae, oa oea ea oae e eeo. ooo p yee aca.

oae o a ycoo pepe 3.

a, eea ea poaa o yc coaa 100 e, eee aca 10 (20 10), oea ea 110 (100 + 10), .e. o cpae c xepoae yco pepe 1 xep oy oey p, pay 10 ea (110 100).

Ec xeep pae coo oyae, o ooey p o y, oa oea ea oaec e eeo, .e. p opaa .

poppe o a ycoo pepe 4.

eea ea oae o yco 100 , eee aca coao yc 10 (20 30), oea ea paa 90 a (100 10), .e.

o cpae c xpoae pepe 2 xeep oy ooev p, pay 10 ea (100 90).

7.6. Ooe ce c epc opaa Ono a opa oyae yn npo epc opa no ycaoeo oe aeaaey ooop a npao ce ee npeex yaaoo . p ooa, oya aoe pao, yaae poay eopy cyy ee, npee.

Oo ae pao y poa epc opa, o e oae oyae ooa ocyec yaaoe pao, oy oyae ooa pcye oo eo pe ee aoc poeo, a ero p o e opaea. poae ooa oe oe eopae y, a eo p opaea eo pe ( ee aoc poeo).

Ocooe e peoo ooa a epc opa o ooa c pea apo coo ero caapa, p opo poae oyae peoro ooa ooapa o o paepax pe, .e. ee ooa, oo y, a p poe epc opaa pe py o o ee x .

Oo a epc opa opae cpoa cpoo e, op o ee caoceoe aee, o pa cpoa oa epcx opao.

Cyecy a a ooa: ono c npao a noyny (oo a noyny) ono c npao a npoay (ono a npoay). Booe ee oo, pa coo oa eyaax yx o, oo ono, o o coyec po.

B cyae onoa a noyny ero oyae oe y y poaa ooa epc opa o yaao ooe ee o oe o ee cpoa ero ec c papeo ya pe. p onoe a npoay ero oyae oe poa poay ooa epc opa a ex e ycox.

Ta e a o epco opae, oaeca o peoy ooy oy poa o cpo o ooa cpoa e ooa pooooo . Hapep, ec pope oo a oyy, eoxoo poa ao e oo a oyy c ypeypoae pex pa eax pex a ay a oae o cpae c ao ero .

pe, yaaea oyaee ooa, .e. eo ea, ac ocoo ee pa ey eye peo eo epcoo opaa ero eo, acpoao ooe;

cpoca peoe a a oo;

pee, opoe ocae o ooa paa a oo;

e aocoo poea.

Paccop oo a oyy epcoo opaa o ee 140 e c ya pe paepe 20 e. B cyae oyae y p p ee opaa, peae 160 , yo p ee e 160, op coca e oee 20 e. poaa ooa cya ye po pooo (yco p 5).

poaapye aao oo a poay. Eo oyae oy p p ee e 120 e, a p ee pee eo y coa e oee 20 e. poaa ooa yy po pooo (y pep 6).

Oo c epc opaa, a e a oce, o oopeeo y cpaxoa o eaopx e e, y noye onoeo np o peo . p ooe a oyy ooe a poay cpaxoaee (xeepo) cyae oyae ooa, o o pye co oe. Ho ec oyae pao yaa ee ee e, o o oy cyecey (eopeec eopay) ooey p. poae ooa, a pao, pe oy oo p po ooa, oopa, paa, opaea paepa pe. o o po ooa .

Paep pe p pox pax ycox ac cpoa ooa e ooa: e o oe, e pe . B cyae poae ooa oepe oey pcy, a oyae ooa oce ee oy cpaxoy eoc, e p ao cpoe ec ooa.

pe, a a pya eea cya, oe poc oxo e ocoo . oyae ooa a ae yaaoo oxoa, a ero poae, poe pe, e oooc oy oe oxo.

Ceye , yac peo po ocye co eeo cpay o o apae, coy ce eec pcx opa, ooo x oa. p o pocxo peoe eooe paxoae ooe, .e. paxoae o ee e a epce opa, oo .., a e cpaxoae, caoe c ee e a pe peaoo oapa. B cce xepoae aa aac e o ae peaoo oapa, o ca pee cey, a oy cpa pa ey xepoae peo . Xepoae ocyee c e ocee noye ooeo p o pex ceo, a pea cey pepaae opy xe.

7.7. poe opaa epco opo a oe o yceoo yopoa epco po poo pae cey ca cepey 1992 . K y pe ooc pae peo o aoe opo o, eca oe ceo . Haao pa epcoo pa a pe a pocccx p o pe epcx opa.

aeoe pae epcoo pa cao co co yco caoe poo oo Pocc, oyce eoxoo pacpyyp epco po, apoax apo ooco-peo, cocox opaoa pey eeo, e, c pco poca.

aa pa, eaa pa epco opo Pocc, o caoe pae cax pox oe, poo cp.

Poccca poa pyypa oo axo ee oo ca opoe.

Caopaa pacpyypa epcoo pa ae cpae pece oee o epcy po c penp, opaa poe co acee. Ha oe pocccx pp opaa e ceac, ex eoxo ypoe a oa aoc epco po. Ka pao, a pepx opaax ooc ocycy ap ooo peo, cocoe yacoa pex eax.

eoeoo ceye, poecc pa epco po poccco ooe ae p e y e co cp a aoe, eae peao . Hepac oapo-eex ooe aco coeoc ocoo oaae e a poecc pa epcoo pa.

o pa pox ooe e cpa pa ey apo, ooo ao pa o exay xapaepy x eeoc. Te e eee cpec coac ceaa opex p coxpac c yeo aaeoo eca a peo pe . epca pro peoaae a ce ocao eeoc p. p epeca oo coao ac ooo pro. x po oo oproe e ee copae. O ao epa epco po poo cce coa, .e.

eoopay epa, epa cpaxoa p ao oepeco eeo, opa ooe oya ooey ( .. . --: , 2006).


Coaco ec ee poo ooe ceye oa ae poc epco po pae ee ox op. B pyype apo epco po opaae ye ec oee opox oapo, a ae o opox yyp poy .

Ha epco pe oaec o eapx eoce, ocec oee po paaxo oea e c c e pooac oeceae .

Ha ocoe pa cpc c oepa cex pace pocxo oepa epco po ocox aoo pex epax cpa. p coa coece pacee ep coeco coy oey epoo-cey exy.

B acee pe poc pa oo aaa oe epe ocoae a yee epco opo ee poox op.

Ba ycoe cyeoa epcoo pa poccco ooe e eo . pea epca po oa opaoaa a opao, oxo o ee opa apa p a ee . oceee ooo oo p yco ox oeo pex o a epco pe.

B Pocc epee epcx opa peo oopo aa oe pee . B aoee pe papaoa epce opa a poy eoro po, ex eao, epo pye pee ap, a ae a . Poccce p ocaa exa epco po coa eo .

7.8. opo ae coe ceo a y-poay epcx opao K aa pa, opaya y-poay epcx opa, pae ycaopeeopoyaaa eo .coaco co x ae coe peoy aooaecy opo p. ae epco ce ceo K oocc:

1. Ke, eae np yace npoecce opo. oy e o p, ooe paoe ee ocee, e pye ece pece a. Heocpceoe yae poe epc opaa o e pa, a ecy epe ocpeo, ope coo a paceo ocya Paceo .

2. ocpeeca pa o pecoe ecoe o, opoe caooeo o opye ea pae yace poecce peoo pa aae ce e ero ocyec ce pace o c ea ea Paceo aa cooe c paa peo .

3. Pacea n (P) o opaa, opa o ooopy c pe ocpeec pa epe eo P ocyece pecpa eo c epc opaa ce pac o .

4. e Paceo naa, .e. pece a, ee opaye oe aa e o ye-poae epcx opa poe cex eoxox paco, cax c e.

5. pa, opaya opo epca opopya ec poecc po.

Texooec poecc y-poa ex opa ycoo oo pae a p oceoaex . opo ae coe ceo o epc opaa peae cxee 22.

1. Peee . Ke oeae oc pa epcx opa, .e. x cooy py y-poay, opee pacxo, cae c ocyecee y-poa, a eo ecee ap, occoe cop, aee a poee ceo x pepa, oaa ocpeo, o. oce o e pae peee o ye-poae epcx opao, .e. o ya o epcx opax.

2. aee ooopa a poepcoe ocyae. Ke ycaaae ooope ooe c po, oopa e ocpo a epco pe. ey aaec oop a poepcoe oya. B cooec c ooopo e oepe ocpeeco pe:

aa ce a y-poay epcx opa e a ce ea ( o papeeo aoo ope);

ocye epe ea Paceo aa ce pac, cae c ye-poae epcx opa a c cp ea;

oop o e ea ce eoxoe oye a epco pe.

Coaco ooopy a ocyae cpo oepa, oceoe o pce, c op caa eeoc a epco pe, e yy e pee py pyy yae oox . B poo pae e oca cea oye oee o pce, opo o pae a ce pc oep cy, eeo a epcy po p eaopo eo ee e a oe opaa.

ooopo ae opee paa oaoc cpo, .e. ea ocpeeco p, cpo ec ooopa yco eo pepae, opo coe opye ea, ocyecee pace, oeceo cpo opo paccope copo, a ae yaa pe oex cpo.

3. ee ooopa a ocyae c eo P. ocpeeca pa ycaaae ooope ooe c eo P (ao) p oo ae coeyeo ooopa. Oo ocpeca pa ee ooop c eo P e epeaae ero aoo ooo .

4. Cpeca pepa epco opo. Ke oc eee cpea, eoxoe coepe epcx ceo yae aee apa x oe, ope cpea peeppoa epco po. Ke poca eee cpca ey P epe ocpeecy py.

Cpeca peeppoa epco po o oca op epoaao ap, occox copo ycy P.

5. a ea. peo ocpe o aae ea, oce oe peoca ey ay a oee opeeex oepa poecce pex o. B pae peo po ae a arac opo nopye. O o coepa e yaa, acaec a ce (oya poaa), oeca opao, cpoa op oa, op oa, a oea po, yco ooceo .

Tooe aee e, a pao, e ycaaaec, a ae yaae, coe c op ey yaaae poep xoe pex . p coe pox opye poep oe pyoocoac paa peo po, ey a ao pe.

B poo pae coy paoopae pox o. p opaa epcx po aoee peee e ceye pox opye:

y poa o peo (poo) ee. Ha ae a ea e a;

y poa o aye ee coe o cao o oy co coo poa ee o peyaa cecc peoo (a pao, oce aepe peoro pa);

y poa o opeeeo ee. Boec poepo cpay e oce oye oe, ora ea ocae aaoo ypo.

6. Bnoee aaa. aa oec o poecce pa a pe, o o pe ey pe cecc (ep). B epo cyae ea e a ey ap, a o po젖 oa e yae p opoe.

7. Cee o npoex opax. pa epae cee o aex epcx eax cooeye opaoe cce, oope pacpopa opo e o cey py.

8. Pace no cea. aae pace ocyecc Paceo aa, exa pa opo paccope e.

9. epece no ape. Cee o ee ap cooa oy peoo , o ee oopoo aa ecoa oe ca ap. Cpo x ec o oepeoo ee cao ap. Ee epepace pocxo a ocoa cao epoaao ap.

10. oecee cpec no pacea c P. Ha ocoa epepace o ape ycaoe ec ox ee cao e oa oec epe ocpeecy py ea P a po c opeeey cyy oecee aee pao a pe epcx opao. a cya aae epeeo ape.

11. ocaa no epcoy opay. Hecp a xapaep eo epco po, oa o epc opaa ce e pocxo ocaa oapa.

B poo pae peo po paa a a oca apa: epy opy. epa nocaa oaa oapa a ca p oyee apa c peoo caa. Bopa nocaa ee ec ex cyax, oa oa a e ap apa e co caa p o ocae o peoy opay eee oo e eca. o ax oao coae 2040% a pax. Ha oe p poae oe oca oo ap, axoc a oax ee caax, ceax apeppoax ao, c aoo, oyx coey cepa. Kaeo aoo apa oo yocepeo cea cepa coecoa peoa, ycaoe peo opae. K oae papeea oo ac copo apa, ocyax aa eyapoo .

Kpoe o, pae oe pea cee o nocaeo nap oapa:

pacopa, a opo oae ap;

paa pocxoe;

co eo, , opoo ..;

yepe pe ca xpae apa;

aa oa apa a ca;

o ec ap;

aa epeea;

oep appaa;

aa opao ..

Tae poae oe oca oyae epe P oc. B ao oce cooac ea, aa opaa, pe oye oca P pe eo a oyae peoo opaa. oce pe oca P ero ye e , ae e coac oyae pee appaoo . Bce c, poe P, oaeo ope pa oyae coe. ae oyae oa eee opeeeoro pee oa oap a oo paepe. p ece aea P oyae oya appa, cacoe ceeco, oye, a pao coceo a ap a opeeeo cae. poae oe oa ce pacxo, cooeye yco oca eee opeeoo epoa pee c a ae ca.

aa KPH PACET HA PEBO PHKE 8.1. Cyoc y pa paceo KPacae axp eyoaec. 6peo , oa aoe peyao oopoo oo ecoe.

peo p yaca ycaoe oo: o, o, oy ae cpo po p㠖 npoecc n oaec, onpeeex xe peoo pa, nepea oea peo ce (anpep, ex ya) o npoa noynae, a e ce pace noynae c npoo coaco yco opa.. Heoxooc pa paceo eae copeeo opaa poo po.

poea poa oepa ae p cocae a: aee ce ( yco ceo opax) ey poao oyaee;

ce o cee (apep, yoee e apa a ero oeo opeeee e (coo) ce ce);

coee ooopa ye aoopao epea apa eex . Ka pa, o p ae pocee ce oyae poae pea apy e . Oao a copeeo peo (ooo, pco) pe poae oyae peo aa ce eocpeceo e . B oce cyae o pae ey coo o pee pocpae. Cy o ey poaa oyae pex oapo oo pe ocp, ope ae, cya po o poao, oyaee, paee o pe popace.

Ta opao pocxo oocoee cex ae peo poo ce:

aee ooopa (ce) ocyecec e ey epoaa poao oe oyaee, a ey ea pe ocpea;

ce ce o cee, ee oaec cpo, aecoax e, opayc poecce pa;

coee (aepee) e pooc poecce, op aae "''.

Copeee pee ce pa pace ca oo peyae cyecoa ceyx poco. Bo-epx, ae cooeyx exooecx oooce :

peooe apa pocpaa copae pee epea opa (apep, cyecoae oax cpoecyx cce c);

opao opox acco peo coyye opa (coae epox cce paceo xpaee a ax);

cpo eooo epa eex cpc (aoae eyapoe aoce cce pace).

Bo-opx, coae ceapoax opaa pex pyyp pa pace: poe (pacee) aa, o eoap, peecpepa ..

B-pex, papaoa ocoe coepeoae exao pa .

B cao ooeo e oo e cye ocoe y peoo pa paceo:

) oeceee poecca pecpa aex pex eo (epaa oyee opa o ceax, ee poepa oepee, pepa ..);

) ye apecppoax eo (o a pa, yaca, cpoa coe ..);

) ae ax oae aee yaco peoo pa;

) apaoe oeceee pex eo ( pax opax);

) opaa eex pace;

e) oeceee oca peoo apa o aeo peo .

8.2. Oee ocae pa paceo OKp paaccpyc poce coepe peo opaa (paco-poe, aoce, eoapeopx epa pace aac ce a poxoee pa ao (poecco), pa yace e oo e x e, o pye ..).

pace acoc :

a) a peoo apa:

p pa ex ya;

p pa epcx opa;

) ypo epaa:

p oeo p;

epeo aoa p;

eyapo p;

) ocyaeoo pya:

p ey ea Kpoo aa;

p ey ea p;

pye cxe.

Opaa pa paceo ocoaa a coe pa npno.

Bo-epx, p pace ocyecc oo ceapoa . o pec caooea opaa Kpoa (Pacea) aaa ceapoaoe cpyypoe opaeee p.

Bo-opx, c pe a epeco e p oe aee yee coe peoa o paeo ee yee cpe e o cpec pex ocpo.

B-pex, aee pee ce ocya paceo-poy cey o oce x pepa cep cex peo. B poo cyae o py e .

B-eepx, ae eoo pacca pa pace o pee. Kaa oepa poecce pa pace ee cpoo opae peeo epa, apyee opoo po py pa ca .

B-x, cea apapoa coe aex a pe ceo. exa pa pace apapye, cyae, ec oa copo po e oae e coc o co oaea, pea pyypa oe a ce oee yaaoro oaeca epe py opoo peo ce.

8.3. Ocoe pco P peoo pc, ccpca. K oco a yaaoo epcopooro po,eo oco pcypc.

a pa, oyec ycya paceo-pox ce, cy xapaepa co aaa poo ee pca oo oe: p cce pcꠖ o c oea e a ce ooo pe, apep, -a ee ca aocoo poea. Kpoo-pace poecc aae oe opeeoe pe. oy cyecye epooc oec y -a ee .

Paoo ro pca e eyapo po pc, oa -a ecoacoao cpoo paceo a poo pe ex ya epcx opa Hapep, poep, y ey yay pyo pae, e oe cpay e poa ee coe cpae -a ecoae cpoo paco cpaax.

Kp pcꠖ o pc ecoepeeoc paceo oo ee ce eno npoecca pa paceo. pc peo pcyy poa ey poepa-ocpa poecca peo po, a a ycox pao peoo pa eo papyyp papaoa coepee cce apapoa aee. Oao o aooex ey poepo ero e pc eaea oceeo ocpey cyecy .

(on) onepx cce cce c, epeeoe oee epoep, o, coepee cya paceo-poo . ec ae cya oeeca, xe ..

B acee pe coae opaap pex ce papaaa y a epecex pco. K ooc .

pee ceo o coa cene oep ey ce yac peoo npoecc. poep, ep oepe cox oe, a npao, oe e oycaec yac pex ceax. B c c e cea o aac a ceo, a yco a ocoe oep. ac coo e pea o aoooex y yaa peoo opa. ooy e oe oep, e e peo oopo, a a, oe .

pyo y coe pynx apax oo np pax pox opax a ce cpec cax pex nocpeo. B cyae co oae a oo yaco ce paceo eo apae o epy a ce pc eaea, ooc eo oay, e aa ey pacpopac a pyx yaco peoo npoecc.

Coepeoae opaa exoo pox pace oaa ooe e a pae peo .

Konepa ceo npoecca pa paceo ycop poepy pe oopee oyeoopoa, paxye o epeex oo, ee ye xpaee opa ..

8.4. Kp pace a pe ex ya Bpyoa pe exea pa pacea oe, epcx opa. papaaa. poecc pa pace a ao peo eeo oa cea peoo pa paceo oa e pe opayc caoceo e a ee ep. Kpoe o, ec pae pa pace ya a pe ao ocoeoc paceo-pooo poecca a pe ex ya e eoxooc epepepa poao eo ya c ooo ee aea a pyoo.

Oco a paceo-pooo poecca aex ceo c e yaa a ooo pe (cxea 23):

1 pecpa ce a pe;

2 oepee ee pe yaa ce;

3 epeaa eex cp ex ya o e poepa;



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