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WAZA GOVERNMENT OF MOSCOW MOSCOW DEPARTMENT OF CULTURE ...

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EAZA, IZE, UCSZ, WAZA Georgia Population 1.500. TBILISI Tbilisi Zoo 0171 Tbilisi, ul. M. Kostava, 64. Opened in 1927.

Tel.: (99532) 21-30-40, 21-30-50, 21-30-60. Fax: (99532) 21-30-50. E-mail: zoo@ zoo.ge. zgurielidze@zoo.ge. General Director: Zurab V. Gurielidze. Scientific Director: David I. Taktakishvili. Vet.: Vano T. Markhvashvili. 84 staff. 10 ha.

No reply Kazakhstan Population 463. KARAGANDA Karaganda Zoo 100009 Karaganda, ul. Ermekova, 111. Opened in 1938.

Tel.: (7212) 30-37-07;

44-17-42, 44-18-43. Fax: (7212) 44-17-42. E-mail: karzoo@mail.

ru, aliya_bukpina@mail.ru. Director: Abylai I. Shulanbaev. Deputy Director: Aliya E.

Bukpina. Vet.: Bolat . Ashenov. 92 staff. 43,48 ha (exposition 8 ha). Att. 118,114.

Mammals 53 spp., 372 specimens;

birds 58 spp., 191 specimens;

reptiles 24 spp., 48 specimens;

amphibians 1 spp., 2 specimens;

fishes 42 spp., 211 specimens;

invertebrates 5 spp., 246 specimens. Total: 183 spp., 1,070 specimens.

Population 600. SHYMKENT Shymkent Zoo 160024 Shymkent, ul. M.Kh. Dulati. Opened 29.12.1979.

Tel.: (7252) 47-60-73, 47-60-30. Fax: (7252) 47-60-73. Director: Saidulai I. Zhubaev.

Vet.: Elena Yu. Velizhanina. 143 staff. 30 ha (exposition 19 ha). Speciality: Ungulates.

No reply Latvia Population 717. RIGA Rigas Nacionalais zooloiskais drzs.

Meza prospekts, 1. Riga LV 1014. Opened 14.10. Tel.: (371) 6751-84-09. Fax: (371) 67-54-00-11. E-mail: rigazoo@rigazoo.lv;

info@ rigazoo.lv. Web: www.rigazoo.lv. Director: Roland Greizins. Curator, Collection:

Guna Vitola. Vet.: Benita Drapce. 150 staff. 22 ha (affiliate 132 ha). Att. 252,845.

Mammals 89 spp., 431 specimens;

birds 82 spp., 390 specimens;

reptiles 63 spp., 237 specimens;

amphibians 49 spp., 1,806 specimens;

fishes 60 spp., 678 specimens;

invertebrates 62 spp. Total: 405 spp., 3,542 specimens + EAZA, IZE Lithuania Population 380. KAUNAS Lietuvos Zoologijos Sodas Radviln g. 21, 50299 Kaunas, Lithuania. Opened in 1938.

Tel.: (37037) 33-25-40, 33-08-27. Fax: (37037) 33-21-96. E-mail: info@zoosodas.lt, v.dumcius@zoosodas.lt, v.radeliuniene@zoosodas.lt. Web: www.zoosodas.lt.

Director: Vaclovas Dumius. Head Biologist: Virginija Raudelinien. Vet.: Viktoras Siniauskas. 130 staff. 15.9 ha.

EAZA, EAZWV, IZE No reply Russia Population 300. NALCHIK Nalchik Zoo 360002 Kabardino-Balkariya, Nalchik, Dolinsk. Opened 20.09.1966.

Tel.: 7 (8662) 42-68-42, 42-63-90. Fax: 7 (8662) 42-63-90. E-mail: zoonalchik@ rambler.ru. Web: www.zoonalchik.narod.ru. Director: Aslanbi M.Aramisov. Deputy Director: Khizyr M. Sonov. Vet.: Daut A. Akhmatov. 40 staff. 7.2 ha. Att. 58,534.

Mammals 70 spp., 145 specimens;

birds 73 spp., 247 specimens;

reptiles 12 spp., 18 specimens. Total: 156 spp., 410 specimens.

Population 250. YA K U T S K Yakutsk Zoo 677005 Republi Sakha, Yakutsk, ul. Sverdlova, 14. Opened in 2001.

Tel.: (4112) 22-52-59. Fax: (4112) 22-58-03. E-mail: ykt-zoo@rambler.ru. Web:

www.zoo.ykt.ru. Director: Luka N. Safonov. Deputy Director, Zoovet: Lyudmila I.

Kozhenkina. Vet.: Ivan A. Sokolnikov. 30 staff. 9,09 ha. Att. 47,455. Mammals spp., 110 specimens;

birds 44 spp., 138 specimens;

reptiles 26 spp., 39 specimens;

amphibians 7 sp., 12 specimens;

fishes 19 spp., 62 specimens;

invertebrates 16 spp.

Total: 156 spp., 361 specimens + Slovakia (Slovak Republic) Population 599. B R A T I S L AVA Zoological garden Bratislava Zoologick Zhrada Bratislava, Mlynsk dolina 1, 842 27 Bratislava, Slovak Republic.

Opened in 1960.

Tel. 421 2 60102111. Fax: 00421 2 6542 1868. E-mail: zoo@zoobratislava.sk. Web:

www.zoobratislava.sk. Director: Miloslava Savelova. Head, Zoological Department:

Martin Krug. Vet.: Zuzana Hola. 71 staff. 96 ha. Att. 274,718. Mammals 88 spp., 698 specimens;

birds 45 spp., 209 specimens;

reptiles 20 spp., 48 specimens;

fishes 8 spp., 90 specimens. Total: 161 spp., 1, 045 specimens.

UCSZ, EAZA, WAZA, IZE Turkmenistan Population 700. AS H GABAT Ashgabat Zoo 744006 Ashgabat, ul. Azadi, 116. Opened in 1932.

Tel.: (99312) 34-25-56, 34-39-68, 34-47-89. Director: Sapar Annageldyev. Deputy Director: Nikolai I. Tumko. Vet.: Zarifa G. Bagirova. 157 staff. 3.2 ha.

No reply Ukraine Population 300. CHERKASSY Cherkassy Zoo 18008 Cherkassy, ul. Smelyanskaya, 132. Opened in 1979.

Tel./fax: (380472) 63-46-42. E-mail: zooparkck@mail.ru. Web: www.zoopark.ck.ua.

Director: Evgenii L. Van. Deputy Director: Andrei Yu. Ladnov. 36 staff. 4,37 ha. Att.

113,779. Mammals 29 spp., 67 specimens;

birds 41 spp., 187 specimens;

reptiles 42 spp., 83 specimens;

amphibians 18 spp., 142 specimens;

invertebrates 73 spp., 518 specimens+. Total: 202 spp., 995 specimens+.

UAZA Population 980. ODESSA Odessa Zoo 65007 Odessa, Novoshepnoy Ryad, 25. Opened in 1922.

Tel.: (38048) 722-10-02, 787-49-69, 722-55-89. Fax: (38048) 34-47-74. E-mail:

zooodessa@rambler.ru. Director: Yurii L. Kucherenko. Deputy Director, Zoovet:

Aleksandr A. Romadan. Vet.: Andrei V. Gritsenko. 104 staff. 5.81 ha. Att. 429,111.

Mammals 52 spp., 176 specimens;

birds 81 spp., 411 specimens;

reptiles 25 spp., 78 specimens;

amphibians 2 spp., 10 specimens. Total: 160 spp., 675 specimens.

Speciality: rare animals of South Ukraine.

UAZA Population 250. ROVNO Rovno Zoo 33027 Rovno, ul. Kievskaya, 110. Opened in 1982.

Tel.: (380362) 28-84-83, 28-86-47. Fax: (380362) 28-84-83. E-mail: zoorivne@ukrwest.

net, zoo.rv.ua@gmail.com. Web: www.zoo.rv.ua. Director: Oleg V. Pavlyuk. Vet.: Inna G. Targonii. 45 staff. 11,17 ha. Att. 185,500. Mammals 41 spp., 132 specimens;

birds 32 spp., 117 specimens;

reptiles 35 spp., 76 specimens;

amphibians 4 spp., 19 specimens;

fishes 31 spp., 152 specimens;

invertebrates 25 spp., 31 specimens Total: 168 spp., 527 specimens +.

UAZA Uzbekistan Population 100. TERMEZ Termez Zoo 190106 Termez, ul. Ch. Safarova, 71. Opened at 16.02.1939.

Tel.: (99876) 223-64-56, 223-01-08. Director: Bokhodir Kh. Toshbaev. Deputy Director:

Tulkon Tursunov. Vet.: Abrai Mamatmuradov. 104 staff. 22 ha.

Speciality: Ungulates of Middle Asia.

No reply.

III. Information on other zoological institutions that are not EARAZA members Belarus Population 300. VITEBSK Vitebsk Zoo 210026 Vitebsk, ul. Ya. Kupaly, 17. Opened 30.03.1992.

Tel.: (375212) 36-45-72, 37-08-08. Fax: (375212) 36-45-72. E-mail: vitebsk.zoopark@ yandex.ru. Director: Aleksei A. Andreikov. 16 staff. 1.3 ha. Vet.: Irina M. Orlova. staff. 1.3 ha. Att. 80,359. Mammals 14 spp., 136 specimens;

birds 26 spp., specimens;

reptiles 6 spp., 18 specimens;

invertebrates 2 spp., 732 specimens. Total:

48 spp., 1,044 specimens.

Population 70. ZHLOBIN Zhlobin Zoo 247210 Gomelskaya obl., Zhlobin, ul. K. Marksa, 41-a. Opened in 1991.

Tel.: (3750234) 5-06-64;

5-30-20. Fax: (3750234) 5-30-20. E-mail: zveri.75@mail.ru.

Director: Valerii L. Chechikov. Vet.: Raisa A. Medvedeva. 27 staff. 0.4 ha. Att. 19,558.

Mammals 35 spp., 124 specimens;

birds 25 spp., 99 specimens;

reptiles 3 spp., specimens;

invertebrates 1 spp., 15 specimens. Total: 64 spp., 250 specimens.

Kazakhstan Population 50. ESIK Wildlife tale 040400 Esik, Almatinskaya obl. Ul. Chokana Valikhanova.

Tel.: (72775) 4-43-44, 4-51-30. Fax: (72775) 4-43-44. Director: Andrei S. Shlyakhov.

4 staff. 1 ha. Att. 50,000. Mammals 11 spp., 27 specimens;

birds 36 spp., specimens;

reptiles 3 spp., 3 specimens;

amphibians 3 spp., 7 specimens;

fishes spp., 300 specimens;

invertebrates 3 spp., 40 specimens. Total: 86 spp., 427 specimens.

Population 313. SEMEY Semey Childrens Biological Centre 071400 Semey, ostrov Polkovnichii. Opened in 1938.

Tel.: (7222) 56-18-59, 56-84-53. Fax: (7222) 56-18-59. E-mail: biodetcenter@mail.ru.

Director: Valerii N. Dyadov. Curator, Biological Department: Asemgul B. Maultaeva.

Vet.: Anastasiya S. Karpova. 40 staff. 2,61 ha. Att. 120,000. Mammals 20 spp., specimens;

birds 33 spp., 179 specimens;

reptiles 2 spp., 5 specimens;

amphibians spp., 7 specimens;

fishes 13 spp., 104 specimens;

invertebrates 1 spp., 20 specimens.

Total: 71 spp., 415 specimens.

Russia Population 662. BARNAUL Conservation Centre of Rare Species of Birds Altai Falkon. Opened in 1991.

656065 Barnaul, Altaiskii krai, ul. Popova, 118-430. Tel.: 7 (3852) 54-92-71, 8 903 14 03. Fax: 7 (3852) 61-60-27. E-mail: falcon_pvn@rambler.ru. Web: www.altaifalcon.

ru. Director: Viktor N. Plotnikov. Vet.: Artem A. Kucher. 5 staff. 1 ha. Mammals spp., 4 specimens;

birds 30 spp., 140 specimns. Total: 32 spp., 144 specimens.

Speciality: breeding of birds of prey.

Population 662. BARNAUL Altai Zoological Centre. Opened in 2005.

656050 Barnaul, Altaiskii krai, ul. Malakhova, 67-80. Tel.: 7 (3852) 40-00-44. E-mail:

Chupin.i@mail.ru. Director: Igor I.Chupin. Deputy Director: Igor N. Mariskin 9 staff.

250 m. sq.

No reply Population 358. BELGOROD Belgorod Zoo 308009 Belgorod, prosp. B. Khmelnitskogo, 16-a. Opened 5.08.1988.

Tel. /fax: 7 (4722) 32-10-33, 32-72-14. E-mail: zoobel@rambler.ru. Web: www.zoo.

bel31.ru. Director: Aleksandr M. Konvisar. Deputy Director: Dmitrii S. Shlyafke. Vet.:

Violetta K. Dyadicheva. 32 staff. 3,386 ha. Att. 115,900. Mammals 39 spp., specimens;

birds 33 spp., 179 specimens;

reptiles 5 spp., 17 specimens;

amphibians 1 spp., 1 specimens. Total: 78 spp., 312 specimens.

Population CHEBOKSARY 465. Cheboksary Childrens Zoo 428034 Chuvash Republic, g. Cheboksary, bulvar Yunosti, 21-a. Opened in 1993.

Tel.: 7 (8352) 43-39-09. Fax: 7 (8352) 41-17-88. Director, Centre: Igor D. Volkov.

Chief, Zoopark: Yurii E. Zorin. 2 staff (zoopark). 1558 m. sq. Att. 970. Mammals 10 spp., 105 specimens;

birds 9 spp., 31 specimens;

reptiles 5 spp., 17 specimens;

amphibians 3 spp., 13 specimens;

fishes 54 spp., 2,000 specimens;

invertebrates spp. Total: 89 spp., 2,166 specimens + Population 25. CHERNOGOLOVKA Scientific-Eksperimental Station Chernogolovka, IPEE RAS 119071 Moskva, Leninskii prospekt, 33, IPEE RAS, SES Chernogolovka. Opened in 1975.

Tel.: 7 (495) 952-73-05. Fax: 7 (495) 954-55-34. E-mail: rozhnov.v@gmail.com, snaidenko@mail.ru. Web: www.sevin.ru. Deputy Director, Institute: Vyacheslav V.

Rozhnov. Head, Scientific-Experimental Station: Galina V. Tarasova. 43 staff. 40 ha.

No reply Population 310. C H I TA Chita Zoo 672007 Chita, ul. Zhuravleva, 75. Opened in 1994.

Tel./fax: 7 (3022) 35-95-98. E-mail: zooparkchita@yandex.ru. Web: www.zoo-park.

org. Director: Aleksandr S. Kibalin. Deputy Director: Anatolii A. Shelopugin. Vet.:

Viktor S. Pimenov. 44 staff. 2 ha. Att. 121,000. Mammals 44 spp., 281 specimens;

birds 54 spp., 243 specimens;

reptiles 10 spp., 22 specimens;

amphibians 2 sp., specimens;

fishes 41 spp., 194 specimens. Total: 153 spp., 742 specimens.

GALI C H YA G O RA The Nursery for Birds of Prey of the Reserve Galichya Gora.

399240 Lipetskaya obl., Zadonskii r-n, p/o Donskoe. Opened 05.03.1990.

Tel.: 7 (47471) 3-33-65, 3-34-22. Fax: 7 (47471) 3-33-65. Director: Nikolai Ya. Skolznev.

Head, Nursery: Petr I. Dudin. 3 staff. 1100 m. sq. Birds 15 spp., 90 specimens.

Speciality: breeding and reintroduction into the wild the rare species of birds of prey.

Population 610. KHABAROVSK Zoosad Priamurskii.

680000 Khabarovsk, ul. Tikhookeanskaya, 75. Opened in 2002.

Tel./fax: 7 (4212) 76-70-81. E-mail: zoosad_khv@rambler.ru. Director: Elena V.

Aseidulina. Vet.: Anna A. Melnikova. 28 staff. 5,2 ha. Att. 80,000. Mammals 27 spp., 70 specimens;

birds 22 spp., 64 specimens. Total: 49 spp., 134 specimens.

Speciality: Animals of Far East.

Population 288. KOMSOMOLSK-ON-AMUR Komsomolsk-on-Amur Zoo Centre Piton 681024 Khabarovskii krai, Komsomolsk-na-Amure, ul. Ordzhonikidze, 9-. Opened in 1990. Tel.: 7 (42172) 59-09-71, 55-35-28. Fax: 7 (42172) 55-35-28. E-mail: zoopiton@ yandex.ru. Director: Irina A. Trifonova. Deputy Director: Lyudmila I. Rusanovskaya.

Vet: Svetlana A. Loseva. 27 staff. 0.4 ha. Att. 50,962. Mammals 41 spp., specimens;

birds 39 spp., 89 specimens;

reptiles 32 spp., 57 specimens;

amphibians 6 sp., 10 specimens;

fishes 1 spp., 1 specimens;

invertebrates 15 spp. Total: spp., 238 specimens +.

Population 2.700. KRASNODAR Krasnodar Eco-Biological Centre.

350042 Krasnodar, ul. 40-letiya Pobedy, 1. Opened in 1964.

Tel.: 7 (861) 252-19-58, 257-06-59. Fax: 7 (861) 257-06-59. E-mail: gudod_ebc_kk@ mail.ru. Director, Centre: Vera V. Sugaeva. Deputy Director: Raisa I. Kuklina. Zoologist &Vet.: Svetlana N. Strelchik. 58 staff. 4 ha (zoo 0,7 ha). Att. 3,825. Mammals spp., 166 specimens;

birds 56 spp., 343 specimens;

reptiles 3 spp., 9 specimens.

Total: 71 spp., 518 specimens.

Population 13. NIKEL Nikel Mini-Zoo 184421 Murmanskaya obl., Nikel, ul. Oktyabrskaya, 1. DK Voshod. Opened in 1987.

Tel.: 7 (81554) 3-13-68, 3-12-00. Fax: 7 (81554) 3-13-68. Director: Aleksandra V.

Fedorova. Curator, Zoo: Galina A. Stupnikova. 4 staff. 470 m. sq. Att. 5,200. Mammals 16 sp., 49 specimen;

birds 13 spp., 45 specimens;

reptiles 5 spp., 13 specimens.

Total: 34 spp., 107 specimens.

Population 1.500. NIZHNII NOVGOROD Nizhnii Novgorod Exotarium 603005 Nizhnii Novgorod, ul. Bolshaya Pokrovskaya, 18. Dom Kultury im. Ya. M.

Sverdlova. Opened 19.05. Tel.: 7 (831) 433-84-65. E-mail: fadeew@list.ru. Director: Lyudmila V. Semiglazova.

Zoologist: Sergei V. Fadeev. 6 staff. 110 m. sq. Att. 60,000. Mammals 6 sp., specimen;

birds 7 spp., 14 specimens;

reptiles 45 spp., 100 specimens;

amphibians 8 sp., 12 specimens;

fishes 2 spp., 2 specimens;

invertebrates 25 spp., 500 specimens.

Total: 93 spp., 152 specimens +.

Population 1.500. NIZHNII NOVGOROD Nizhnii Novgorod Zoo.

603104 Nizhnii Novgorod, prospekt Gagarina, 35. Opened at 13.09.1997.

Tel.: 7 (831) 465-86-81, 465-03-89. Fax: 7 (831) 465-85-18. E-mail: parknnov@ mail.ru, martan@inbox.ru. Director: Mikhail V. Mityurin. Head, Zoopark: Anna G.

Martovitskaya. Vet.: Alesandr V. Kulemin. 30 staff. 10 ha (exposition 1 ha). Att.

119,488. Mammals 26 sp., 62 specimen;

birds 17 spp., 36 specimens, reptiles 9 spp., 13 specimens;

amphibians 1 sp., 2 specimens;

invertebrates 17 spp., specimens Total: 70 spp., 380 specimens +.

Population 15. NOGLIKI Zoopark Ostrovok (Private).

694452 Ostrov Cakhalin, Noglikskii r-n, pgt. Nogliki, ul. Dachnaya, 1-a. Opened in 2005.

Tel./fax: 7 (42444) 9-76-50. Director: Irina V. Rud. Vet.: Evgeniya B. Shirobokova. staff. 0,59 ha.

No reply Population 100. NOVOURALSK Novouralsk Ecological Centre 624130 Novouralsk, Sverdlovskaya obl., ul. Gagarina, 11. Opened in 1999.

Tel./fax: 7 (34370) 4-84-27. Director: Liliya N. Kolmakova. Vet.: Olga M. Volkova. staff. 300 m. sq. Att. 1,000. Mammals 16 spp., 62 specimens;

birds 22 spp., specimens;

reptiles 9 spp., 18 specimens;

amphibians 6 spp., 11 specimens;

fishes 16 spp., 66 specimens, invertebrates 3 spp. Total: 70 spp., 210 specimens+.

Population 120. NOVYI URENGOI Novyi Urengoi Ekological Station, Mini-zoo.

629300 YANAO, Novyi Urengoi, ul. Yuzhnaya, 44, a/ya 182. Opened in 1997.

Tel./fax: 7 (3494) 23-83-16. E-mail: des_nu@mail.ru. Director: Gennadii V.

Lietskii. Curator, Zoo: Alsu N. Shagadatova. Vet.: Tamara N. Tarasova. 9 staff.

332 m. sq. Att. 13,655. Mammals 12 spp., 180 specimens;

birds 35 spp., specimens;

reptiles 11 spp., 46 specimens;

amphibians 1 spp., 2 specimens;

fishes 54 spp., 543 specimens, invertebrates 4 spp., 4 specimens. Total: spp., 978 specimens.

Population 1.200. OMSK Omsk Eco-Biological Centre 644046 Omsk-46, ul. Marshala Zhukova, 109. Opened in 1992.

Tel.: 7 (3812) 31-32-33. Tel./fax: 7 (3812) 30-24-00. E-mail: debc@pochta.ru, ohsyb@ mail.ru. Web: www.debcomsk.ru/index.php. Director: Galina V. Sitnikova. Deputy Director: Aleksandr P. Stankovskii. Vet.: Ekaterina N. Zhilkina. 14 staff. 3,2 ha. Att. 33,265. Mammals 25 spp., 80 specimens;

birds 57 spp., 269 specimens;

reptiles spp., 37 specimens;

amphibians 6 spp., 10 specimens;

fishes 54 spp., 600 specimens;

invertebrates 7 spp., 48 specimens. Total: 165 spp., 1,044 specimens.

Population 500. OREL Zoocomplex Orlovskoe Polesje 303943 Orlovskaya obl., Khotynetskii raiyon, pos. Zhudra. Opened in 1996.

Tel./fax: 7 (48642) 2-56-16. E-mail: zoopolesie@mail.ru. General Director: Denis V.

Bogdanov. Head, Zoo: Galina F. Bazderova. Vet.: Svetlana G. Kireeva. 37 staff. 11 ha.

Att. 47,731. Mammals 28 spp., 93 specimens;

birds 20 spp., 65 specimen. Total:

48 spp., 158 specimens.

Population 350. SARANSK Saransk Zoo 430004 Mordoviya, Saransk, ul. Pervomaiskaya, 6. Opened in 2002.

Tel.: 7 (834) 47-93-81, 47-18-84. Fax: 7 (834) 47-93-81. Director: Pavel P. Kshnyaikin.

Deputy Director: Viktor P. Antyaskin. Vet.: Olga R. Alykova. 45 staff. 18,6 ha. Att. 50,370. Mammals 33 spp., 89 specimen;

birds 36 spp., 308 specimens. Total: spp., 397 specimens.

Population 450. SOCHI Sochinskii aquarium 354037 Sochi, Krasnodarskii krai, alleya Cheltenkhema, 4. Opened 23.08.05.

Tel./fax: (8622) 67-72-26. E-mail: rina171@mail.ru, 19721965@sochi.ru. Director:

Sergei A. Tsvetlinskii. 29 staff. 1200 m. sq.

No reply Population 450. SOCHI The Monkeys Nursery of the Scientific-Research Institute of the Medical Primatology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences.

354376 Sochi, Krasnodarskii krai, Adlerskii r-n, s. Veseloe, 1. The Monkeys Nursery of the Scientific-Research Institute of the Medical Primatology of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences.

Created at 24.08.1927 Sukhumi Monkeys Nursery.

Tel.: 7 (8622) 42-22-39, 42-28-62, 42-27-60. : 7 (8622) 42-22-39. E-mail: blapin@ yandex.ru. Director, Institute: Academician Boris A. Lapin. Scientific Director: Dr.

Oleg I. Vyshemirskii, Dr. Valerii G. Chalyan. Curator, Monkeys Nursery: Garine Zh.

Kochkonyan. Curator, Exposition Department: Anaida A. Shaginyan. Vet.: Tatyana E.

Gvozdik. 300 staff (15 staff of the exposition department). 100 ha. (exposition ha.). Att. 30,000. Mammals 20 spp., 4,062 specimens.

Population 256. S TA RY I O S K O L Starooskolskii Zoo 309541 Belgorodskaya obl., Starooskolskii raion, khutor Chumaki. Opened in 2008.

Tel./fax: 7 (4725) 42-95-68. FAZAN@FAZANOV.NET. Director: Sergei N. Razdobudko.

Deputy Director: Anatolii V. Klimenko. 38 staff. 18,5 ha. Att. 71,600. Mammals spp., 69 specimen;

birds 36 spp., 723 specimens, reptiles 14 spp., 18 specimens.

Total: 77 spp., 810 specimens.

Population 250. SYKTYVKAR Syktyvkar Zoo 167983 Republic Komi, Syktyvkar, GSP-3, ul. Pechorskaya, 30. Opened 1.01.2002.

Tel.: 7 (8212) 31-28-48, 43-13-41, 43-05-65. Fax: 7 (8212) 31-28-48. E-mail:

syktykzoo@list.ru. Web: www.ecobiocenter.ru. Director: Marina G. Sivkova. Head, Zoopark: Natalya G. Khozyainova. Vet.: Lyubov P. Zhidovich. 9 staff. 4,5 ha. Att. 20,000. Mammals 21 sp., 87 specimen;

birds 32 spp., 90 specimens;

reptiles spp., 36 specimens;

amphibians 4 sp., 6 specimens;

fishes 19 spp., 78 specimens;

invertebrates 6 spp. Total: 96 spp., 297 specimens + Population 300. TA M B O V Zoobotgarden of Tambov State University 392000 Tambov, ul. Internatsionalnaya, 33. Opened in 2005.

Tel.: 7 (4752) 71-22-70, 71-12-56. Fax: 7 (4752) 71-22-70. E-mail: zoobotsad@ yandex.ru. Director, Zoobotgarden: Evgenii E. Cherbaev. Scientific Curator: Aleksei V.

Emelyanov. Vet.: Larisa E. Solovjeva. 30 staff. 2,66 ha. Att. 50,000. Mammals sp., 133 specimen;

birds 51 spp., 128 specimens;

reptiles 17 spp., 38 specimens;

amphibians 4 sp., 12 specimens;

invertebrates 19 spp., 132 specimens. Total: spp., 413 specimens.

Population 394. ULAN-UDE Ulan-Ude Zoo.

670045 Buryatiya, Ulan-Ude, p. Verkhnyaya Beryozovka. Opened in 1976.

Tel.: 7 (3012) 44-32-10, 44-33-10. Fax: 7 (3012) 44-32-10. E-mail: emtp@mail.ru.

Director: Valerii D. Khalzanov. Curator, Zoo: Bude-Khanda S. Cherdonova. 5 staff. 1 ha.

No reply Population 345. VOLZHSKII Volzhskii Mini-Zoo 404104 Volzhskii, Volgogradckoi obl., ul. Pushkina, 100. Opened in 1976.

Tel.: 7 (8443) 25-16-02, 25-12-01. Director: Elena A. Alekseeva. Deputy Director: Vera G. Ulyanova. Chief, Zoopark: Tatyana Yu. Komleva. Vet.: Sergei A. Vedeneev. 18 staff.

1,2 ha. Att. 9,245. Mammals 24 spp., 434 specimens;

birds 30 spp., 174 specimens;

reptiles 12 spp., 56 specimens;

amphibians 5 spp., 22 specimens;

fishes 25 spp., 265 specimens;

invertebrates 4 spp. Total: 100 spp., 951 specimens +.

VOROBJI Ornitopark Vorobji

249167 Kaluzhskaya obl., Zhukovskii r-n, p/o Pobeda, der. Vorobji, ul. Park ptits, d. 3/1.

Opened 22.09.2003.

Tel.: 7 (48439) 934-26. ./: 7 (48439) 932-29. E-mail: contact@birdspark.ru, bel-tatiana1@yandex.ru. Web: www.birdspark.ru. Director: Tatyana R. Belyavskaya.

Executive Director: Aleksei G. Lidskii. Curator, Collection: Konstantin V. Belyakov.

Vet.: Nikolai N. Nekrasov. 31 staff. 11,5 ha. Att. 204,526. Mammals 19 spp., specimens;

birds 217 spp., 1,057 specimens;

reptiles 1 spp., 1 specimens. Total: spp., 1,132 specimens.

Population 1.000. VORONEZH Voronezh Zoo 394029 Voronezh, ul. Osipenko, 6-a. Opened in 1994.

Tel.: 7 (4732) 49-91-70, 39-49-49. Tel./fax: 7 (4732) 49-91-70. E-mail: vrnzoosad@ mail.ru. Web: www.zoovrn.ru. Director: Aleksandr S. Popov. Deputy Director: Evgenii A. Kosyakov. Head, Zoo: Inna G. Subbotina. Vet.: Ekaterina A. Melnikova. 103 staff. 6, ha. Att. 180,200. Mammals 33 spp., 438 specimens;

birds 30 spp., 95 specimens;

reptiles 26 spp., 68 specimens;

amphibians 1 spp., 5 specimens;

fishes 39 spp., specimens;

invertebrates 5 spp., 427 specimens. Total: 134 spp., 1,187 specimens.

Ukraine Population 121. B E R D YA N S K 71100 Berdyansk, Zaporozhskoi obl., ul. Volkova, 5. Opened in 2004.

Tel./fax: 38 (06153) 4-70-79. +38 (067) 613 90 49. E-mail: zoo_park_berdyansk@ukr.

net, info@azovzoo.com. Web: www.azov.zoo.com. Director: Igor L. Kalchenko. Deputy Director: Vera V. Parshina. Vet.: Ivan N. Chuprina. 35 staff. 9,7 ha. Att. 133,000.

Mammals 19 spp., 79 specimens;

birds 26 spp., 128 specimens;

reptiles 2 spp., specimens, invertebrates 2 spp.. Total: 49 spp., 213 specimens + Population 150. DNEPROPETROVSK 49050 Dnepropetrovsk, ul. L. Chaikinoi, 4/29. Opened in 1980.

Tel.: (38056) 743-36-16. E-mail: shuleshko@ua. Director, Park: Aleksandr V.

Derzhavetskii. Head, Mini-Zoo: Nadezhda S. Monastyrskaya. Vet.: Aleksandr A.

Shuleshko. 8 staff. 1 ha. Att. 30,000. Mammals 22 spp., 50 specimens;

birds spp., 36 specimens;

reptiles 10 spp., 16 specimens. Total: 42 spp., 102 specimens.

Population 1.120. DONETSK Donetsk Zooexotarium 83054 Donetsk, prospekt Kievskii, 21. Opened 01.09.1992.

Tel.: (38062) 385-60-33, (380622) 58-93-09. Fax: (38062) 386-35-09. E-mail: sierpe@ skif.net, zoodonbass@skif.net. Director: Yurii N. Chernodub. Deputy Director: Valerii V.

Kugir. 4 staff. 100 m. sq. Att. 20 000. Reptiles 127 spp., 425 specimens;

amphibians 37 spp., 1,261 specimens;

invertebrates 294 spp. Total: 458 spp., 1,686 specimens +.

Population 2.800. KIEV Bion Terrarium Centre 01135 Kiev, a/ya 43. Opened in 1990.

Tel.: (38044) 486-47-81, 236-81-24, 486-33-31. Fax: (38044) 486-33-49. E-mail:

export@bion.com.ua, dt@bion.com.ua. Web: www.bion.com.ua. Director: Dmitrii A.

Tkachyov. Deputy Director: Evgenii V. Bondar. Vet.: Liliya G. Kryvosheeva. 20 staff.

600 m. sq. Reptiles 21 spp., 1,225 specimens;

invertebrates 5 spp., 211 specimens.

Total: 26 spp., 1,436 specimens.

Population 400. S E VAS T O PO L Sevastopol Sea Aquarium-Museum 99011 Sevastopol, prospekt Nakhimova, 2. Opened in 1897.

Tel./fax: (380692) 54-38-92. E-mail: alla_korotkova63@mail.ru, mailbox@ sevaquarium.com. Web: www.sevaquarium.com. Director: Alla M. Kravtsova. Curator, Aquarium Complex: Sergei N. Brodskii. Vet.: Maksim P. Kirin. 36 staff. 850 m. sq. Att.

100,000. Reptiles 12 spp., 22 specimens;

amphibians 2 spp., 3 specimens;

fishes 111 spp., 1,346 specimens;

invertebrates 46 spp., 386 specimens. Total: 171 spp., 1,757 specimens.

Speciality: Black Sea Ichthyofauna.

UAZA Population 140. YALTA Yalta Zoo Skazka 98600 AR Crimea,,Yalta, pgt Vinogradnoe. Opened 25.10.1995.

Tel.: (380654) 31-00-30, 23-24-82. Fax: (380654) 23-24-82. E-mail: yaltazoo@yandex.

ru. Web: www.yaltazoo.org. Director: Oleg A. Zubkov. Deputy Director: Nataliya A.

Lishtovannaya. Vet.: Oksana O. Zubkova. 24 staff. 3,5 ha. Att. 150,000. Mammals 58 spp., 431 specimens;

birds 51 spp., 520 specimens;

reptiles 22 spp., 73 specimens;

amphibians 2 spp., 6 specimens. Total: 133 spp., 1,030 specimens.

UAZA Uzbekistan KAGAN Kagan Ecological Centre Dzheiran 706100 Bukharskaya obl., Kagan, GSP. Opened 20.05.1977.

Tel.: 998939600221. E-mail: soldatovanata@mail.ru. Director: Erkin T. Yuldashev.

Deputy Director: Natalya V. Soldatova. 33 staff. 5,145 ha (+free territory: 11,300 ha).

Att. 3,000. Mammals 33 spp.;

birds 287 spp.;

reptiles 21 spp.;

amphibians spp.;

fishes 18 spp.;

invertebrates 1,500 spp. Total: 1,861 spp.

Speciality: breeding of the rare species of ungulates.

EARAZA News In 2010, the EARAZA Annual Conference was hosted on June 8 and 9 by Izhevsk Zoo in Udmurtia. The Conference was attended by representatives of 50 zoos from countries.

The following reports on the implementation of EARAZA research projects were presented in the course of the open session:

EARAZA Program for Amur Tiger Conservation of the Stellers Sea Eagle Research project on Conservation of Bustards in Eurasia Conservation of Mountain Ungulates of Eurasia Research Program on Crane Conservation in Eurasia Conservation of Rare and Endangered Geese of Eurasia Prospects of the Long-term Project for the Reintroduction of the Przewalskis Horse in the Orenburg Region Proposals on two new EARAZA research programs, Pallas Cat Conservation in Zoos and Conservation of the Most Rare Eurasian Sturgeon Species, were submitted for discussion.

The following presentations were heard:

Alexander Malev (Kazan Zoobotanical Garden) and G. Maksudov (Moscow Zoo): Artificial Insemination as Means for the Preservation of the Gene Pool of Exotic Animals in Zoos.

Bohumil Kral (Zoo Brno): A New Enclosure for Kamchatka Bears at the Brno Zoo.

Igor Gusev (Moscow Zoo): On Zoo Design.

Mario Abourmelykh (Safari Park, Krasnodar): On Mazuri Animal Food.

Ivan Rehak (Zoo Prague): On Breeding Komodo Dragons at Prague Zoo.

The closed session of the conference heard and approved the reports of the Presidium and of the Executive Office for 2009, accepted the budget and plan of activities for 2010, and discussed and passed resolutions on some current EARAZA issues.

The Shymkent Zoo was reinstalled to its previous status of Associate Member of EARAZA. Applications for EARAZA membership had been submitted by the Yakut Zoo, Chita Zoo, Nizhny Novgorod Switzerland Zoo (Russia), Cherkassy Zoo (Ukraine), Bratislava Zoo (Slovakia), and Dvur Kralove Zoo (Czech Republic). All the applications were considered by the conference, and all applicants were accepted as Associate Members of EARAZA.

The conference decided to award the EARAZA Stanislaw Kudryavtsev Prize for to EARAZA Vice President, Deputy Director of Tallinn Zoo Vladimir Fainstein, and to accept Director Emeritus of Almaty Zoo Kumek Almenbayev as an Honorary Member of EARAZA.

The discussion of the situation at Kiev Zoo ended with a unanimous resolution that EARAZA is not authorized to make decisions in regard to the zoos internal staffing and financial issues, but it is be prepared to send a group of five to seven experts to Kiev who could investigate the problems on location and develop recommendations on dealing with the existing critical situation.

In the course of discussing the EARAZA 2010 budget a resolution was passed on funding the EARAZA Amur Tiger Program, the Stellers Sea Eagle Program and the Eurasian Crane Conservation Program, based on the submitted budget proposals.

The following proposals were presented to the conference:

to establish under the auspices of EARAZA a fund for the Festival Ecology.

Creativity. Children;

to establish under EARAZA a self-financing design and construction group;

to establish an EARAZA Honorary Badge;

to add to the EARAZA Constitution the amendment to the effect that all newly accepted institutions be given the status of Associate Member.

The conference elected the new Presidium, to include the following individuals:

Vladimir Spitsin, Director General of Moscow Zoo (Chairman);

Vladimir Fainstein, Deputy Director of Tallinn Zoo;

Alexander Barannikov, Director of Rostov-on-Don Zoo;

Premysl Rabas, Scientific Advisor for Vyshkov Zoo;

Albert Mudarisov, Director of Kazan Zoo;

Vladimir Topchy, Director of Nikolaev Zoo;

Alexei Khantsatsuck, Director of Kishinev Zoo.

The following individuals were elected as members of the Audit Committee Director of Penza Zoo Y. Khassan (Chairman), Director of Bratislava Zoo M. Savelova, and Manager of the Mini-Zoo of the city of Surgut A. Prokofyev.

The conference seconded the proposal by Director of Nikolaev Zoo Vladimir Topchiy on holding the next EARAZA Conference in Nikolaev in May or June of 2011.

In conclusion Vladimir Spitsin thanked the administration and staff of the Izhevsk Zoo and Udmurtia President Alexander Volkov for the opportunity and support provided in hosting the EARAZA conference, and expressed his wishes of further success to the Izhevsk Zoo, the city of Izhevsk and the Udmurtia Republic.

EURASIAN REGIONAL ASSOCIATION OF ZOOS AND AQUARIUMS ANNUAL REPORT FOR In 2009, the EARAZA was pursuing the goals set in its Constitution, and was guided by its working plan and the decisions adopted by the Annual EARAZA Conference that was held in Perm on June 17 and 18, 2008.

As of December 31, 2009, EARAZA had 56 member institutions from 12 states, including 43 full members, 8 associate members, and 5 candidate members (Appendix No 1). In 2009, three institutions joined EARAZA as associate members.

The main attention was paid to the problem of continued education of the zoo staff, cooperation between zoos, conservation of rare and endangered species and participation by EARAZA in international zoo organizations, especially the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA), of which EARAZA is a collective member, and the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA), of which some EARAZA zoos are full, candidate or associate members.

1. Continued education for zoo staff The Annual EARAZA Conference was hosted by Kiev zoo and coincided with its 100th Anniversary. The Conference was attended by zoo representatives of 12 states.

The open session, which was dedicated to research and presentation of reports on the implementation of research projects, was attended by 60 people. The proceedings of the Conferences scientific sessions were prepared in electronic version by the staff of the Kiev zoo.

The reports of the Council and of the Executive Office for 2008 were heard in the closed session, and the budget and plan of activities for 2009 were also discussed and approved, along with some current issues. The Leningrad Zoo was reinstated as a full member of EARAZA. The Grodno Zoo completed its candidacy term and was granted full member status. Yaroslavl and Izhevsk Zoos and the Aqua Logo Engineering Company were accepted as candidates for Associate Membership.

On February 2 through 6, 2009, the Moscow Zoo hosted an International Training Seminar on ISIS Software, ARKS and MedARKS. The Seminar lectures were presented by Sander Cozijn of the EAZA Executive Office in Amsterdam, and by Cyd Teare and Dr. Rachel Thompson from the USA. It was attended by 40 representatives of 17 zoos and other institutions from Belarus, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine.

On October 19 through 23, 2009, the Moscow Zoo hosted the International Workshop on Mammal Husbandry in Zoos and Breeding Stations. The conference was attended by professionals from 29 zoos and other zoological institutions. Besides the zoo staff, the Conference was attended by representatives of scientific-research institutes, universities and other biology-related organizations from Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine and Czech Republic. The collection of scientific and methodical papers on the subject is planned to be published. The materials for this publication are being collected.

EARAZA, together with the group of companies Aqua Logo Engineering held the International scientific and practical conference Aquarium as a Means of Studying the World. The conference was held on 14-15 February, 2009, in the Darwin Museum of Biology (Moscow). More than 100 participants attended the conference, including representatives of 10 zoos and aquariums from the post-Soviet territories. The 3rd collection of works Problems of Aquaculture has been published.

In 2009, the EARAZA Information Centre arranged participation of representatives of member zoos in the International Russian-Norwegian Workshop on Conservation of the Northern Sea Birds, including those listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species and in the regional and national Red Books (Moscow Zoo, November 30 - December 3, 2009). The workshop was attended by a total of 25 ornithologists from Russia and Norway. The agenda included presentations on research of fauna and ecology of the sea birds and their long term monitoring. The sea birds are an indicator of the health of the sea ecosystems. The scientists from Norway noticed the tendencies of low breeding success and general decline of several populations of the Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla), Common Murre and Thick-billed Murre (Uria aalge, U. lomvia) and other species of birds in connection with climatic changes and strengthening of anthropogenic pressure (fishing, oil mining on the shelf, etc.). The results of ringing various species of gulls, murres, king eiders and fulmars were shown. Research plans for the next few years have been drafted. The zoos should pay attention to the sea birds, the wild populations of which are declining, in order to create their artificial populations.

During the year of 2009, workshops and conferences on sharing experience and raising the qualification of the zoo staff were attended by more than 200 professionals from 22 zoos of Russia, other countries of CIS, Czech Republic, Baltic states, and Israel.

Besides, individual training for 105 specialists was hosted by the Moscow Zoo and other zoos of the region.

Representatives of the Zoos of Almaty, Kazan, Moscow, Kiev, Nikolaev, Novosibirsk, Prague and Brno attended the 26-th Annual Conference of the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA);

representatives of Moscow, Prague and Tallinn Zoos also attended the 65th Annual Conference of the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA). Detailed reports of the Conferences are given (in Russian) in Appendix No. to the Annual Report of EARAZA activities of 2009.

Publishing activities:

- The 28th Informational Issue of Eurasian Regional Association of Zoos and Aquariums was prepared for printing and published. It contains information on 104 zoos, aquariums and other zoological institutions from 16 countries (Russia, Israel, the CIS, the Baltic countries and countries of Eastern Europe). This issue and other EARAZA publications, can be found on the website: www.earaza.ru;

it was sent out to EARAZA member zoos and other zoological institutions of the region, as well as to the Russian Book Chamber for further distribution to central and regional libraries. The English version was published in a separate volume. Lists of available and wanted animals as of 01.01. were published as an Appendix to the 28th Informational Issue of EARAZA, and can also be found on the website: www.earaza.ru.

- The 2nd issue of the collection of papers Bustard Birds of Palearctic: Breeding and Conservation was prepared and published. It describes the modern state of the activities aimed at the conservation of bustards ex-situ and in-situ, Russian-British cooperation in restoration of the wild population of Great bustard in Great Britain, activities of the zoos and breeding centers in developing breeding methods for bustards, houbara bustards and little bustards. New breeding stations for houbara bustards were built in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. The Saratov Branch of the Institute of Ecology and Evolution of the Russian Academy of Sciences continues its work on breeding the Great Bustard. The Moscow Zoo, Novosibirsk Zoo and other zoos of the Association continue their research of methods of keeping and breeding bustards of the Northern Palearctic.

The following publications were made available in 2009:

- The 18th issue of the Yearbook on Birds of Prey and Owls in Zoos and Breeding Stations, including articles by well-known scientists V.M. Galushin, Sh. Boldbaatar (Mongolia) and V.B. Masterov. The papers in the collection describe the results of the work on the EARAZA program on the Stellers Sea Eagle, the methods of studying and conservation, biotechnics, breeding, treatment and re-introduction of birds of prey, the results of their breeding and changes in the collections of the zoos and breeding stations in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia, as well as the information on new publications, conferences and symposiums.

- The 25th volume of the annual publication Research in Zoological Gardens is dedicated to various aspects of zoo activities. There are papers on marine aquariums and husbandry of venomous snakes, on animal behaviour and environmental enrichment for the animals of various taxonomic groups. The Information section contains an announcement of the next meeting of the EAZA Small Mammals TAG, including small carnivores.

- The collection of papers Current Veterinary Problems in Zoos was published, where a section on diseases of wild animals, and prophylactics and treatment methods is included. The review written by M.V. Alshinetsky about common infectious diseases of wild and zoo animals is also included in the collection.

Professor of Moscow Veterinary Academy B.F. Bessarabov supplied the collection with the information on the use of animal food and veterinary medicine in captive husbandry of birds. There are also sections on studying the diseases of wild animals in nature ecosystems and methods of immobilization and anaesthesia of wild animals.

- The 3rd Issue of the Problems of Aquaculture, published jointly with the Aqua Logo Company, is based on the proceedings of the scientific and practical conference on aquariology that took place in 2008, and contains original papers on biology, behavior and physiology of fish and other hydrobiont species, as well as on feeding, veterinary care and aquarium design and equipment.

In 2009, the EARAZA Information Centre continued active work on establishing its electronic media library.

The Information Centre focuses on collecting literature not only on zoo subjects, but also on many fundamental issues of general biology and ecology. The majority of information items are in English and published after the year of 2000. In the section of theriology a special place is allocated to the detailed husbandry manuals for various species. Some of them deserve special attention. Unfortunately, literature on herpetology and ichthyology is not so well represented, but there are some valuable data as well, for example field guides of sea and freshwater fish.

Significant part of the publications is devoted to the origin and evolution of life on Earth, as well as to general ecology and natural habitats of animals and plants. A lot of valuable and useful information was collected for specialists in gardening and landscape design. Some of the publications, richly illustrated, are meant mostly for the young generation and can be used in educational departments.

Search was continued for information on captive husbandry of specific taxonomic animal groups. At this time, the EARAZA Information Centre possesses a variety of manuals on many groups and species of vertebrates, including marsupials, bats, primates, giraffes, wild cats, otters, birds of prey, parrots, penguins, and several species of reptiles and amphibians. A comprehensive manual on the husbandry of some shark species in public aquariums is also available. An electronic version of the five-language dictionary of animal common and scientific names and other zoological publications in Russian and English are also available. All in all, in the electronic database of the Information Centre there are more than 1,500 sources equal to 25 gigabytes of information. The library continues to grow. All above mentioned sources are available electronically in PDF and DjVu formats, and only some are accessible as web pages or as MSWord files, and may be copied onto CD or DVD discs.

Following the long-standing tradition, staff of the EARAZA Information Centre continued providing help to member zoos and other zoological institutions in the areas of design and reconstruction of zoo exhibits, collection planning, and in arranging internships for zoo staff.

Upon requests, zoos and other interested institutions and private individuals were provided with information, guidelines and legal documentation regulating issues pertaining to captive animal husbandry.

As usual, letters were prepared and sent out to administrative authorities of Saint Petersburg, Kazan, Kaliningrad, Abakan, Sochi, Stavropol and others, on the subject of design and construction of new zoos in their respective areas, and on issues involved in operations and administration of the existing zoos. In case of necessity, help was rendered in the projecting, evaluation and analysis of the projects of reconstruction and development of the zoos in Russia.

The EARAZA Information Centre maintains and updates a database on the animals included in the International and European Studbooks. As of 01.01.10, it contained information on 47 species kept in 64 zoos of Russia, the CIS and the Baltic Countries. Studbook Keepers are regularly provided with information needed for updating the respective studbooks.

As usual, staff of several EARAZA zoos continue keeping studbooks on the rare and endangered species including Regional Studbooks for the Amur Tiger (Moscow Zoo) and for the Yellow-throated Marten (Novosibirsk Zoo);

European Studbooks for the Stellers Sea Eagle (Moscow Zoo) and the East Caucasian Tur (Tallinn Zoo). The Tallinn Zoo also coordinates the EEP for the European Mink, and the Ok National Reserve is keeping International Studbook for the Siberian Crane.

The following EARAZA Working Groups were active in 2009:

- The Veterinary Working Group All members of the Working Group regularly communicate with professionals from both EARAZA member zoos and other zoos in the region, as well as with various conservation institutions keeping animals in their collections. The following practical help was provided in 2009 by members of the Veterinary Working Group:

Participation in physical examination of Cranes at the Rare Crane Breeding Centre of the Oka State Biosphere Reserve;

Immobilizing and examination of the Bengal tiger at Ekaterinburg Zoo and Amur Tiger at Chelyabinsk Zoo;

Providing veterinary assistance to the staff of Kiev Zoo (Ukraine) in immobilizing and foot trimming in the Asian Elephant male;

Examination of two Amur Tigers at Nizhny Novgorod Zoo;

Immobilizing the Brown Bear cub and its transportation to the Clear Forest Biological Station (Tver region) for further reintroduction;

Providing veterinary assistance to the Program for Reintroduction of Central Asian Leopard in the Caucasus Region that is implemented by the Russian Academy of Sciences, WWF-Russia and Sochi National Park;

Participation in drafting collection of scientific and methodical papers titled Topical Veterinary Problems in Zoos.

- The Working Group on Terrestrial and Freshwater Invertebrates In 2009, the members of the Working Group (specialists of the Insectariums from the Moscow Zoo, Tallinn Zoo, Leningrad zoo, Riga and Latgale zoos, the Tula Exotarium, Odessa Dolphinarium and Tomsk State University) exchanged visits for studying present-day work and coordination of mutual activities. The Moscow Zoo staff members also visited the Butterfly House in Stockholm and the Memorial House and Garden of Carl Linnaeus in Upsala (on the invitation and with the support of Butterflyservice company from Sweden), the Insectarium in Helsinki Zoo and the Butterfly House in Jakarta (Indonesia).

The Insectarium collections in Moscow, Tallinn, Leningrad zoos and Tomsk State University are actively enriched, taxonomic and parasitology research in the cultures of rare species of insects are continued.

With the help of the Pravovest company an original illustrated manual, prepared by the staff of the Moscow Zoo, was published under the title From the Butterflies at Home to the Home for Butterflies. Guidebook on Husbandry of Lepidoptera and a documentary film about bumble-bees The Flight of the Bumble-bee was shot. Also, Methods and Recommendations for Breeding Food Insects and a collection of papers Invertebrates in the Zoos Collections were prepared and published (partially financed by EARAZA).

The members of the Group maintain and develop active scientific cooperation with the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow State University, Russian State Agricultural University, All-Russia Institute of Plant Protection, Centre for Parasitology of the Academy of Sciences, insectariums of Amsterdam (The Netherlands), London and Bristol (UK), Dusseldorf (Germany), Besancon (France), Museum of Live Insects ESAPOLIS and the Butterfly House Butterfly Arc of Padua province (Italy).

During the year, the members of the Group constantly rendered advisory and methodical assistance to the staff of the zoos and insectariums on all issues of scientific research as well as of the husbandry, medical treatment and exhibiting of invertebrates.

- The Working Group on Birds of Prey and Owls The Group continued sending out questionnaires in order to collect information on breeding and changes of collection status, and collected original materials on the methods of husbandry and adaptation of birds in captivity and under anthropogenic conditions, as well as on national specifics of falconry hunting. The Group started collecting information for the analysis of the development of Falconiformes collections in the zoos and breeding stations of the region. The library comprising the books on birds of prey and owls received some new materials. Work was also done on the preparation and editing of the next 18th issue of the Yearbook on Birds of Prey and Owls in Zoos and Breeding Stations (see Publishing activities). Members of the Group gave recommendations to the staff of various zoos on the collection planning and husbandry methods for birds of prey. Close contacts with the Working Group on Birds of Prey of Eurasia were maintained during the year of 2009. In the Yearbook, among other publications, there have been some materials on the conferences and seminars on the birds of prey held through the year, as well as information about new publications related to the problems of conservation and husbandry of birds of prey and falconry species throughout the world.


- The Working Group on Education As of January 2009, the Working Group consisted of the representatives of the Zoos of Moscow, St-Petersburg, Kazan, Tallinn, and Hluboka-nad-Vltavoi and Tula Exotarium.

In 2009, the Kazan Zoos representative was replaced by the educator from Surgut Mini Zoo.

During the year, members of the Group provided consultations on various aspects of educational work to the staff of education departments of the Zoos of Voronezh, Iz hevsk, Staryi Oscol, Chelyabinsk, Kiev, Perm, Lipetzk, Almaty, and Chita, and also of the Neptune Planet Ocean World in St.-Petersburg. Materials of the informational package of the EAZA European Carnivore Campaign were translated into Russian and distributed among regional zoos;

special posters were also prepared in coopera-tion with Vienna Zoo and their electronic versions were sent to regional zoos.

Educational information pertaining to the EAZA European Carnivore Campaign 2008-2010 was translated into Russian and placed on EAZA website.

Electronic mailbox and Internet forum were active in 2009 on the website of Tula Exotarium for furthering feedback opportunities for the staff of the zoo education departments. Proposal on creating special education page on the EARAZA website was developed and submitted to the EARAZA Executive Office. Works have been started on collecting materials on various types of education activities in the EARAZA Zoos with the aim to establish education data base. Collecting papers for the 3-d issue on educational activities in zoos was started.

The member of the Working Group Y. Migunova (Moscow Zoo) together with rep-resentatives from Austria, Holland, Denmark, Italy, Slovenia, and Spain became a member of the EAZA Working Group for Training Workshops on Education. The Working Group is planning to arrange a meeting in 2010 for preparing a workshop, while the workshop itself should be held in 2011. Working Group members from Moscow Zoo Y. Migunova and T. Voronina participated in the EAZA Zoo Educa-tion Conference, which was hosted by the Cologne Zoo.

In 2009, many member zoos participated in the implementation of the follow-ing International Comprehensive Research Programs that are managed by EARAZA:

1. Conservation of the Stellers Sea Eagle The Stellers Sea Eagle Work on the program was carried out in the following areas:

Analyzing Stellers Sea Eagle husbandry activities of EARAZA zoos;

Monitoring the status of wild population;

Preparing the next volume of the European Studbook.

According to the EEP Studbook, as of 01.01.2009, the captive population of Stellers Sea Eagles constituted 200 (95.90.15) birds in 63 zoos and breeding centers.

Of this number, EARAZA zoos maintained 76 (38.33.5) eagles, which constitutes 38% of the total captive population, while the genetic value of the EARAZA population is considerably higher, as it contains two thirds of potential founders. Stellers Sea Ea-gles were kept by 22 EARAZA zoos in seven countries.

During the year 2008 the European population increased by 27 birds, of which 17 were born in captivity, and the rest originated from the wild. 12 of the chicks, which constituted the majority of all captive born chicks, hatched at EARAZA zoos. Thus, the Leningrad Zoo obtained two chicks from one pair, the Almaty Zoo, six chicks from two pairs, and the Tallinn and Prague Zoos, two chicks from one pair each. The remaining five chicks hatched at the Liberec Zoo and at the Vogelpark Avi-fauna in Holland.

Unfortunately, the desired increase in the number of breeding pairs at EARAZA zoos has not happened so far. Among the birds that had been col-lected in the wild under the EARAZA program and transferred to 11 zoos, breeding has been observed only at the Leningrad and Novosibirsk Zoos.

The transfers of Stellers Sea Eagles in 2008 involved a total of 29 (10.10.9) birds. Unfortunately, only 9 of these transfers were based on the recommendations of the Program Coordinator. 20 transfers were carried out without notification or approval, and included a sale of 15 birds by Almaty Zoo to private breeding centers in the Czech Republic and to Bayarischer Jagdfalkenhof.

The 12th volume of the European Studbook for the Stellers Sea Eagle was compiled based on the analysis of data on the status of the captive population collected for the period from 01.01.2008 through 31.12.2008, and was sent out to all participants in electronic format.

Last year preliminary negotiations were conducted on the implementation of the Russian-Japanese Project for the Reintroduction of the Stellers Sea Eagle in the Is land of Sakhalin, under which chicks hatched at the Maruyama Zoo in Sapporo, Ja-pan, were to be released into the wild at the Poronaysk State Reserve. The partici-pants of the project on the Japanese side are the Maruyama Zoo and the Birds of Prey Veterinary Research Institute, and on the Russian side, EARAZA members Sakhalin and Moscow Zoos, the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Fed-eration and the Moscow State Lomonosov University. As the result of these negotia-tions, duties were assigned to the participants of the Project, and Action Plan on the further implementation of the Project was developed.

Monitoring of the Stellers Sea Eagle population was continued with sponsor fund-ing only in the Island of Sakhalin. No monitoring work was conducted in the Lower Amur area because of the lack of funds.

2. Conservation of Mountain Ungulates of Eurasia The main goal of the project is establishing stable and genetically diverse captive breeding populations of mountain ungulates of Eurasia at zoos and breeding stations with the purpose of future supplementation of declining wild populations. Best breeding results have been achieved by the Zoos of Tallinn, Prague and Novosi-birsk. Moscow Zoo has succeeded in stable breeding of Blue Sheep, East Caucasian Turs, and Markhors.

For the first time, offspring were obtained from Marco Polo Sheep and Siberian Ibexes that arrived at Moscow Zoo from Kyrgyzstan in 2008. Groups of these species are kept at the Moscow Zoos Breeding Station in specially designed spacious enclosures. It is necessary to restore artificial populations of Be-zoar Goats and Argali in the Zoos of the region and obtain some ungulates from the wild including West Caucasian Turs, Siberian Ibexes (new gene lines), and also animals of Argali and Bighorn Sheep subspecies.

3. Research project on the conservation of bustards in Eurasia The project targets three species of the family Otididae, which occur within the ter-ritory of Russia and adjacent countries:

The Great Bustard (Otis tarda tarda, O. t. dybowskii). Both species are glob ally threatened. In early 2009, the population of the Western subspecies of the Great Bustard in the regional zoos comprised 31 (12.19), with 17 (4.13) birds be-ing kept at the Moscow Zoos Breeding Station. There are no birds of the East-ern subspecies kept in the regional collections. Unfortunately, no breeding was reported during the past year. Lekking behavior of the males who reached ma-turity was observed. One egg was laid by the birds at Moscow Zoo but it turned out to be infertile.

Since regional holders of the Great Bustards needed to learn methods of their stable breeding, it was decided to publish scientific and methodical guidelines. In 2008, the first volume of the issue of Bustards: Breeding and Conservation was published, and International Conference on the Bustards of Palearctic was hosted by the Mos-cow Zoos Breeding Station. The second volume of this publication was issued in 2009. The coordinator of the project stays in contact with colleagues from breeding and conservation centers for bustards in the UAE, Kazakhstan, China and Great Britain for sharing experience in bustard husbandry. For instance, the Chinese ex-perts use artificial insemination in bustards. V.A. Ostapenko is going to attend the First International Symposium for Bustard Conservation that will be held in China in April 2010;

cooperation aimed at sharing experience in the husbandry of bustards will be continued.

The UK Great Bustard Group and Saratov Branch of the Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution (SIEE) of the Russian Academy of Sciences have achieved first positive results in the Great Bustard conservation through the restoration of the historic range of the species. All aspects of this problem were addressed in the paper written by Anatoly V. Khrustov, the Head of Saratov Branch of SIEE, and published in the second volume of the issue mentioned above. In 2009, first offspring was ob-tained from great bustards in the UK. Three chicks hatched and one of them was successfully raised.

The Little Bustard (Tetrax tetrax). The species is globally threatened. In May 2009, expedition was organized to Akhtubinsky area (Astrakhan region) in order to continue study of the Bustard biology and collect eggs. Unfortunately no eggs were found by the expedition members V. Ostapenko and S. Vinogradov (Mos-cow Zoo) since late start of the spring phonological changes resulted in the delay in the start of the breeding season. Most bustards that were obtained by artificial incubation of eggs collected in Astrakhan region in 2006, have survived, and only one female died. Sexes of the birds were determined as 2.2. The Moscow Zoo and the Astrakhan State University have continued implementation of the Project of the Russian Fund for Fundamental Research (Project 07-04-96608) Evaluation of the current status of the Little Bustard population in the South of Lower Volga. The development of measures for the protection and sustainable use of the Little Bustard in the Lower Volga is underway. Eleven Little Bustards are kept at the Karasuk Breeding Station of the Institute of Taxonomy and Ecol-ogy (Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences) and at the Novosi birsk Zoo and works aimed at the future breeding of the birds are carried out.


Similar program on the recovery of the Little Bustard population was started in France, and up to 100 birds are raised annually in one nursery from the breeding stock consisting of 20 little bustards. Pre-reintroduction activities with young birds are carried out at the same breeding station. The program is implemented under the leadership of Mrs. Carole Attie representing Responsable Programme LIFE Ren forcement Outarde. Breeding occurs in natural way, without the use of artificial in-semination. Little Bustards start breeding at the age of one year.

The Houbara Bustard (Chlamydotis undulata macqueenii). The species is globally threatened. At present, two pairs of the Houbara Bustard are kept at the Novosibirsk Zoo and its Karasuk Breeding Station. Although spring mating be-haviour of the males was observed, breeding did not occur.

Successful breeding of the Houbara Bastards has been achieved at the nursery of the National Avian Research Centre (NARC, UAE), with up to 800 birds being raised annually. The Head of the Centre agreed to share information on the Houbara Bus tards husbandry. Valuable data on the Houbara Bastard breeding have been obtained in Morocco (NARC branch), where the largest bustard nursery in the world has been created. More than 8,000 houbara bastard chicks were raised there in the past year, and over hundred of them were reintroduced in the wild habitats. Similar nursery has been built and put into operation in Shymkent area in Kazakhstan;

about 100 houbara bustards are now kept at the nursery to be used as breeding stock. All the NARC nurseries use the method that combines collecting semen from imprinted males, artificial insemination and subsequent incubation of eggs and raising chicks. So far, stable natural breeding has not been successful in these birds in captivity.

4. Conservation of Rare and Endangered Geese of Eurasia.

The goals of the project are the development and implementation of the conserva tion strategy and recovery of rare species of Anseriformes with the help of intensive captive breeding and further reintroduction into the wild, and establishing the re-quired number of stable and genetically viable breeding populations of rare Anseri-formes in zoos and breeding stations. The following species have the highest prior-ity for the program:

The Swan Goose Anser cygnoides. Six chicks were raised at the Moscow Zoo and its Breeding Station in 2009.

The Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus. Under the Project of Coop eration between Russia and Sweden, EARAZA ornithologists together with their Swedish colleagues since over two years ago have been engaged in capturing the Lesser White fronted Geese in the northern territories of Russia with the purpose of the recovery of the Scandinavian wild population of this species. In 2009, ten Lesser White-fronted Geese were captured and given to the Swedish side for fur-ther reintroduction into the wild.

The Lesser White-fronted Geese breeding started at EARAZA Zoos;

for instance, seven chicks were hatched and raised at Moscow Zoo.

The Bewicks Swan Cygnus columbianus. The Bewicks swans of the west sub-species regularly breed at the Moscow Zoos Breeding Station and at Tallinn Zoo.

Suitable husbandry conditions should be created for the Bewicks swans in other regional zoos.

The Program also focuses on other rare Anseriformes species (the Red-breasted Goose, the Brant Goose, the Aleutian Canada Goose, the Emperor Goose, the Bar headed Goose, the Baikal Teal, the Marble Teal, the Common White-eye, the Man-darin Duck, and the White-headed Duck);

some of these species breed successfully at the zoos and breeding stations of Western Europe, while other ones regularly breed at the EARAZA Zoos, but yet attention should be paid to all of the listed spe-cies and studies of husbandry and reintroduction methods should go on. Moscow Zoos Breeding Station continued breeding the barnacle geese from the birds raised in artificial environment from the eggs that were collected on the Kanin peninsula in 2004 and 2005. There are plans of establishing semi-free-ranging population of this species within the territory of the Moscow Zoos Breeding Station.

Recovery program for Kurilian population of the Aleutian Canada Goose has been a success due to 17-year-long work of the Breeding Centre at Kamchatka headed by N.N. Gerasimov. Up to 50 Aleutian Canada geese are released into the wild annu ally on the Northern Kuril Islands. The Japanese scientists have reported that in 2009, flocks consisting of up to 50 birds were observed in the wintering grounds of this species in Japan which is indicative of the positive results of the activities aimed at the reintroduction of the Aleutian Canada Goose in its historic range.

From November 30 through December 3, 2009, the Moscow Zoo hosted the Interna-tional workshop titled Russian-Norwegian Study of Sea Birds. The workshop organ-ized by the EARAZA and Norwegian side was focused on conservation of the popu lations of various species of the seagulls, Alcidae, Procellariiformes, Pelecaniformes and Anseriformes found in the basins of Northern, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.

Muravjevka Wildlife Park in Amur region provides a platform for educational ac-tivities on the recovery of swan and mandarin geese. Education programs are tar geted at local people in both Russia, and neighbouring China and Korea. Moscow Zoo is engaged in the construction of the breeding centre in Muravjevka Park, which concentrates the efforts at the research and education.

Novosibirsk Zoo and Karasuk Breeding Station of the Institute of Animal Taxon omy and Ecology of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences initi ated activities on establishing breeding population of the White-headed Duck (Oxy-ura leucocephala) representing one of the rare ducks of Eurasia. The White-headed Duck is included in the category of endangered species of IUCN Red List of Threat-ened Species and in the Red Book of Russia, and also listed in Appendix II of CITES. Methods of artificial incubation and raising chicks have been developed and improved. Under the license issued by the Russian Federal Supervisory Natural Re-sources Management Service eight females were captured in the wild and trans-ferred to Novosibirsk Zoo for breeding. Of all EARAZA Zoos, only Prague and No-vosibirsk Zoos have the White headed Duck in their collections. Hybridization with introduced Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis) is observed in the European part of the White-headed Duck range, which may result in further loss of the gene pool of the species. Therefore, establishing artificial population of the White-headed Duck has a high conservation importance.

5. Research Program on Crane Conservation in Eurasia Breeding in zoos and nature reserves In 2009, three species of cranes that are included in the Program, the Siberian Crane, the Japanese Crane, and the White-naped Crane, bred at the following eight zoo-logical institutions: the Rare Crane Breeding Centre of the Oka State Reserve (fur-ther on referred to as Oka Breeding Centre);

Moscow Zoos Breeding Centre (fur-ther on referred to as Moscow Zoo);

Reintroduction Station of the Khingansky Re-serve (further on referred to as Reintroduction Station);

and at Kaliningrad, Novosi birsk, Rostov-on-Don Zoo, Tallinn, and Lipetzk Zoos. Breeding results are pre sented in the following table:

On Professional Training In 2009, the Oka Breeding Centre continued to hold training courses on crane hus-bandry for regional zoos staff;

in total six interns from Muravjovka Wildlife Park and the Zoos of Izhevsk, Nikolaev and Saratov were hosted by the Centre.

On Reintroduction of Cranes into the Wild On May 24, nine incubated eggs of the Japanese Crane were transferred from the Oka Breeding Centre to the Reintroduction Station. Seven of them survived trans portation and chicks hatched and were successfully raised. After the first wintering of the chicks at the Reintroduction Centre, they will be released in the nesting grounds of the species in the Amur Region.

Two Siberian Cranes raised with the use of a motorized hang glider were shipped to Kunovat Reserve and released in the recent habitat of the known pair of Siberian Cranes. Five-day-long monitoring of the cranes by the staff of the Oka Breeding Centre and All-Russia Research Institute of Nature showed that the birds quickly adapted to the natural environment, and started feeding and flying over the release area. After the scaring off technique had been applied, the birds did not allow hu-mans to approach them and stayed at the distance of at least 50 meters from people.

On September 15, six Siberian Cranes born in 2008 (4 birds) and 2009 (2 birds) were shipped from the Oka Breeding Centre to Astrakhan Nature Reserve. The Cranes were released into the wild on the gathering sites of waterfowl and water birds, where migrating Siberian Cranes were often observed to stop. The two birds were fitted with satellite transmitters. They were trying to stay close to the main flock and quickly adapted to the natural conditions and food. Data received from satellite transmitters are processed which provides information about the moves of the cranes.

On November 10, two Siberian Cranes were shipped to the Djeyran Ecological Cen-tre in Uzbekistan with the purpose to check if the birds will be able to winter under the climate conditions of the Southern Uzbekistan. The birds were put into a spa-cious enclosure located on the lake-side. Providing that this experiment brings posi-tive results, establishing artificial protected wintering grounds for Siberian Cranes of the West population of the species may be attempted as the next step towards the re-covery of the wild population.

Cranes in Zoos During the year eight Siberian Cranes were transferred from the Oka Breeding Cen-ter to be released into the wild (two birds were sent to Kunovat Reserve, and six to the Astrakhan Nature Reserve);

4 Siberian Cranes were transferred to Uzbekistan ( of them to Tashkent zoo and 2 more to the Djeyran Ecological Centre);

two Siberian Cranes and two Japanese Cranes were sent to Yaroslavl Zoo, two Siberian Cranes and two Common Cranes to Podkrushnogorsk Zoo (Czech Republic), two Japanese Cranes to Roev Ruchei Zoo, two Japanese Cranes to Nikolaev Zoo, and two Japa-nese Cranes and two White-naped Cranes to the Prostar private zoo in Moscow Re-gion.

The 5th volume of the International Studbook for the Siberian Crane was issued in December 2009. The Studbook contains data on 794 specimens that were kept in captivity in the period after 1905. Currently there are 393 specimens of the Siberian Cranes kept at 55 institutions in 13 countries.

6. Establishing Reserve Populations of the Siberian Spruce Grouse Falcipennis falcipennis Contemporary range of the Siberian Spruce Grouse is presented by three isolated areas located on the territory from Yakutia on the west to Sakhalin on the east and Primorye on the south. The population numbers are very low and the population is reducing dramatically. By 2009, breeding stock of the Siberian Spruce Grouse was established at the Karasuk Breeding Station of the Novosibirsk Zoo and the Institute of Animal Taxonomy and Ecology of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences where birds of the eighth through the fourteenth generation in captivity are kept and bred in the enclosure complexes. Husbandry methods for the species have been developed and tested, and information on reproductive characteristics of the Siberian Spruce Grouse has been obtained. Totally, 96 eggs (4 to 8 eggs in a clutch) were laid in the past year by 16 females. 22,9% of the eggs turned to be in-fertile, and 44 chicks hatched from 74 fertile eggs;

the hatching rate came up to 59,5%, which is less than average value. Chicks were obtained from 13 females and 7 males whose age ranged from 1 to 8 years. Traditionally, most of the chicks have been incubated by the birds and raised in the brooders using both natural and artifi-cial food.

Most of the females started laying eggs in the period from 4 to 14 of May, the incu-bation started on 16 through 28 of May, and the hatching started between 11 and 20 of June.

Most of the birds received from Novosibisrk Zoo survived at the Moscow and Orto-Doidu Zoos but no breeding success was observed in these two zoos in 2009, when the birds were adapted to the new environment and husbandry con-ditions.

On April 22, 2009, twenty (7.13) Siberian Spruce Grouses were released in the Perebor area, 12 km from Maslyanino village on the territory of Yegorjevskoye hunting lease in Novosibirsk region. All the birds were fitted with the rings. The Grouses successfully survived transportation. Spruce branches, grain mix and ber-ries were placed in the feeding sites arranged for the Grouses in taiga. The birds were set on the feeding sites in groups of 3 or 4 specimens. On April 23, 3 males and 2 females were found in the feeding site. The birds were feeding on natural food and seemed to feel comfortable. Two of the males were displaying mating behaviour and actively chased females, with one of the males displaying full mating repertoire, including singing and leaping.

Monitoring of the released birds is carried out with the support of ecological and hunting inspectors, and information on the encounters with introduced Siberian Spruce Grouses is collected and analyzed. On May 15 of 2009, two birds were ob-served on the roadside.

A trial release of the Siberian Spruce Grouses offspring will be attempted in 2010;

the birds will be released in the vicinity of the previous release areas. With this pur-pose, temporary enclosures for the Siberian Spruce Grouses have been constructed on the territory of Yegorjevskoye hunting lease. It is planned to place 4 females and males in the enclosures in April 2010. We expect that the birds will mate, then lay and incubate eggs in those enclosures, and that the chicks will successfully hatch on site.

Afterwards, the females with their broods will be able to come out of the enclo-sures, while some of them could be translocated and released in other suitable habi-tats within the same hunting lease.

At present, hunting is under a ban in the Siberian Spruce Grouse release area. Re sults of the program of establishing reserve population of the Siberian Spruce Grouse in captivity obtained in the last years suggest that the first stage of acclima-tization of the birds is over, and released birds are able to survive in the wild. Fur-ther research and monitoring of the released stock are needed.

7. Sexing Birds by DNA using PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) During 2008, this method was used for determining the sex in 84 birds from the Zoos of Belgorod, Yekaterinburg, Kazan, Kaliningrad, Lipetzk, Minsk, Novosibirsk, Perm, Kharkov, Sakhalin, Yakutsk and the Flora and Fauna Park Roev Ruchey in the city of Krasnoyarsk.

8. EARAZA Program for Amur Tiger . EARAZA population Work on the EARAZA Program for Amur Tiger continued in 2009, while the exis-tence of hybrid tigers and the relationship between the EEP and EARAZA programs became the most serious factors affecting the course of its implementation.

1. The problem with hybrid tigers The problem of hybrid tigers became one of the hottest issues on the agenda of the latest annual conference of the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria, which was held in September 2009 in Copenhagen, Denmark. Two years ago 33 tigers that had been identified as hybrids were removed from the program, all being de-scendants of tiger STN 3260, who, having spent some time in a circus, had found his way to the Kiev Zoo. The presence of hybrid animals in captive populations of endangered species represents a very serious problem, of which the EEP Amur Leopard Programme is a vivid example. Based on the records available to him, In-ternational Tiger Studbook Keeper Peter Muller of Leipzig Zoo in Germany con-ducted a thorough analysis of the origin of all EEP Amur Tigers, and the results led him to conclude that a significant number of hybrid tigers may be present within the EEP population. Some of the EARAZA tigers were also listed as being of dubious descent, spurring EARAZA program coordinators to arrange for a DNA sampling of some Amur Tigers held by EARAZA zoos. The coordinator was able to find a laboratory in Edinburgh, Scotland, which agreed to conduct the required genetic testing. Samples of blood and other biological material from EARAZA tigers are also to be tested by this laboratory. DNA testing is to be done concurrently by the laboratory of the Institute of Ecology and Evolution in Moscow, so that comparing testing results from the two laboratories will facilitate the conclusion on the pres-ence of hybrid tigers in the EARAZA population. Program coordinators have al-ready sent the protocol for sample collection and storage and the list of about 20 ti gers to be sampled to the respective zoos.

2. Interaction between the EEP and EARAZA Programs As it has already been reported, four years ago the EARAZA Amur Tiger popula tion was removed from the EEP, making EARAZA population management ex-tremely difficult. The last stage of the negotiations between the Coordinators of the two programs is in progress at this time, and the continued existence of the two pro-grams seems to be the most likely outcome, while analysis will be carried out both for the two populations separately, and for the joint + EARAZA population as well, with breeding and transfer recommendations to be based on the result of the analysis.

B. Status of the Amur Tiger population in situ Information released in a press-conference held on October 16, 2009 by representa tives of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), All-Russia Research and Development Institute of Hunting Economy and Fur Farming, and Institute of Biology and Soil Science of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences clashed with the complacent idea about the Amur Tiger being saved from extinction and its num-bers being sufficient to ensure the survival of the wild population. The surveys con-ducted with an interval of 10 years, in 1995 and 2005, revealed the increase in Amur Tiger numbers from to 500 animals. However, monitoring of 15 to 18% of the total tiger range represented by 16 control habitat areas in Primorye that was con-ducted in 2009 revealed that the number of tigers in those areas had decreased from 115 to 56, which represents a drop by 40%. These data may not be representative, and surveying the whole tiger range may have led to a different conclusion, but these monitoring results give cause for concern. In view of all of the above, Amur Tiger conservation programs in zoos are becoming increasingly important, and all participants of such programs need to take their implementation seriously.

9. Programs under development At present, staff members of the Moscow Zoo develop the program for the conservation of rare sturgeons of Palearctic including the Sakhalin Sturgeon, the Bastard Sturgeon, the False Shovelnose Sturgeon and other endangered species of endemic ichtiofauna. The program will be subject to approval at the EARAZA Annual Conference (May 2010, Izhevsk, Russia).



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