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8. Computers in English Language Teaching and Research / Ed. G. Leech, C.N. Candling. London, 1986. .230.

" . " ASPECTS OF INTERNET RESOURCES APPLICATION IN CONDUCTING SEMINARS ON GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY DISCIPLINES Zhussupova A.I.

Kazakh National University named after al-Farabi, Almaty, Kazakhstan aizhan.zhusupova@gmail.com Favorable conditions of modern education provide individual attention to each student: some need more time to study the theoretical aspects of the question, some used to get acquainted with new technologies in practice, independently delving into all the details, the other need clear directions of the teacher. Application of information and communication technologies, particularly multimedia materials, digital libraries, hypertext links, and access to vast networked resources and databases, including online courses in other campuses like Stanford University, the University of Maine, and Lehigh University, as well as distant learning facilities, in educational process improves not only the quality of teaching, but also the efficiency of development of educational material. Technology can blend with the skills for collecting, organizing, retrieving and evaluating quality information that will enrich the education and retraining of students of the sciences and engineering. When students are actively engaged in the learning process using multimedia and information technology tools, almost inevitably they work together in groups or teams sharing insights and experiences and, in the process, learn teamwork, communication and organizational skills as well as subject matter. That is why direct application of Internet resources in conducting seminars facilitates building inquiry, a sense of wonder and the excitement of discovery, plus communication and team work, critical thinking, and life-long learning skills of students into learning experiences.

The Internet is a vast morass of information. It is neither well organized nor logical. It is important to use any and all tools available to make finding information easier. And, first of all the teacher should know himself where to start, as catching up can be overwhelming. In this article I would like to share some hints that turned to be helpful while conducting seminars on genetics and molecular biology courses. Record the location of good sources;

do not assume pathways and choices made to find the resources will be remembered. Paths can be convoluted, redundant, and circular. Also, remember that the Internet is fluid;

pathways and addresses change, items " . " are added;

sources are dropped or blocked frequently. If the exact location of a desired resource is unknown, find an alternative. Serendipity will help to find many interesting sources. It also demonstrates the reasons many users feel frustrated. They expect the information to be nicely packaged, easily accessible and free, when in fact, it rarely has any of those attributes. The number of biological resources on the Internet is staggering, and the apparent complexity of how to locate specific items of interest and relevance can be frustrating or maddening for both novice and experienced searchers.





There are several ways to go while browsing. The community of researchers, librarians, database managers, and authors is the greatest treasure to be found on the Internet. These people provide guidance, help, and direction to and through the ocean of information currently available on this topic. They are collaborative partners working toward advanced understanding of a science matter and, ultimately, a better standard of living for many people around the world. Specific "people locating sources", like Community of Science Server (http://www.cos.com/) may be used to find individual researchers or institutions. Most of these services return at least an email address, while some also provide a snail mail address as well as research topics. When you know a topical area and want to find anyone in that field to assist with a specific information need, resources with a broader scope, such professional societies, can put you in touch with recognized experts. Some examples include: American Phytopathological Society (http://www.apsnet.org/), American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (http://www.asbmb.org/), Genetical Society of the UK (http://www.genetics.org.uk/), Society for Experimental Biology (http://www.sebiology.org/). You can also find societies in lists like: List of Professional Societies & Organizations on Human, Medical, and Clinical Genetics http://www.kumc.edu/gec/prof/soclist.html. E-mail has become so ubiquitous that it is sometimes forgotten that it is part of the Internet. It is very useful while communicating with students (besides the office-hours, for sending them assignments and making corrections into working schedule), with libraries and other institutions (while acquiring and exchanging useful information), to participate on mailing list updates on latest publications, to get announcements on up-coming conferences, news and other such information that may be used further for the work during seminars and for promoting students towards their academic and personal success. There is a significant list of library resources on genetics and molecular biology, including: Cornell University Library (nineteen different libraries at http://campusgw.library.cornell.edu/), Colorado State University Libraries (mainly plant genetics, http://manta.library.colostate.edu/), Indiana " . " University Libraries (large print holdings in the botanical sciences, http://www.libraries.iub.edu/), Iowa State University Library (a number of excellent electronic resources, http://www.lib.iastate.edu/home.html), The Rockefeller University Library (plant biology holdings are significant, http://www.rockefeller.edu/library/), Texas Tech University (science and technology, http://library.ttu.edu/ul/), University of California, Davis General Library (no login is required, but you must indicate a terminal type.

http://www.Lib.ucdavis.edu/). Access to a vast array of genetic information is facilitated through government resources of different countries, mostly US, including: National Center for Biotechnology Information, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/: one may search a "genetics" subset of MEDLINE as well as the NCBI protein and nucleotide data sets for citations and some full-text articles. Individual searches can be run, or they can be grouped into a batch for larger data sets. A full range of genetic codes are presented, and one may also browse a taxonomical structure for prokaryotes and primitive eukaryotes. National Institute of Health, http://specter.dcrt.nih.gov:8004/: access to a vast array of genetic information is facilitated through this link. One may search the following databases: European Molecular Biology, SWIS-PROT, Enzyme, GenBank, and other National Institute of Health resources. One may search by gene number, author, key word, and accession number. Many other links to electronic books, molecular biology resources around the world, and how to write HTML documents are included. Plant Genome Database, http://s27w007.pswfs.gov/Biology/pgd.html: USDA collection of plant resource links: Arabidopsis, Grasses, Soybeans, and Forest Trees. A great variety of information is provided through these sites, such as newsletters, descriptions of cultivars, images, commercial cultivars, and maps. Sources may be browsed or searched. Some resources include immediate applications, like protocols (http://www.molbiol.ru) or manuals (http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/dna/index.html), flash presentations and 3-D animations (http://www.dnalc.org/resources/3d/), another more time to study, like online courses or databases with combined information for direct study (http://www.benchfly.com/). Like any other reference source, resources found via the Internet must be critically evaluated for authority and usefulness. Even when the Internet is the best option, like in case when the information is difficult to be allocated, has no print equivalent, such as GenBank or not readily available, such as the CIA World Factbook, and it may be quicker to check online versions, the information located therein should be scrutinized carefully. A very useful guide to evaluating Internet resources called "Resource Selection and Information Evaluation" " . " http://alexia.lis.uiuc.edu/~janicke/Evaluate.html is highly recommended to anyone using the Internet for reference.

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