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Aim of our investigation: 1st to know the problem in our town that is the early start of sexual life, after that to advice and take possible measures for prevention of the problem.

2nd - it was interesting for us, how every student of the I course assesses herself, their knowledges about complications of preterm and unprotected sexual relationships.

Material and methods-methods of statically analysis of quantity of labor and abortions, its dynamic among teenagers during the 3 years ( 2007- 2009 years) in Semey. Using of our questionnaire and interviewing students to detect relationship of the I course students of medical University to such problem. As how they consider themselves adult and about sexual relationships.

Results- According to our analysis quantity of labor among teenagers in our town increased from 0. 9 % at 2007 year till I. 5% ( at 2009 year).There is no tendency for decreasing of this value.

As a result of early and unprotected sexual life among teenager quantity of pregnancys, interrupted by medical abortions sever increased (from 1, 6 % at 2007 till 5, 7 % at 200Q ear). But interesting fact is. that quantity of medical abortions among adult women is decreased at 1, 9 times ( 1802 abortions at 2007 year as compare, as 947 - at 2009 year) Teenagers get the word from the word of children and word of adult: they are not protected by lows for adult, but they, already, are not receive the care, that parents, usually, give for children. It is the main reason of an abnormal sexual behavior of this group of girls. We used our questionnaire, that included 11 questions. Among 100 students of the I course of our Medical University. Among 100 students there were students at the age 17 years (the I group), 18 years (the II group), 19 years (the III group).Very interesting fact were found: one of our question was: Do You consider yourself as adult enough?, students of the I group (l7years old) answered yes, of course at 57,1% of cases, as compare with 34,4% at the l11 group(19years old). The same position was with answer on question What do You know about sexual relationships.At the I group answer- we had its previously.., was at 51, 4 %, as compare, as at the III group at 34, 4 % of cases. According date of our investigation it was found, that 22 % of respondents answered I dont know about it.. on a question What do You know about contraception. On a question What do You know about AIDS? nobody in all groups give information about the ways of prevention and modern methods of treatment of AIDS. The common answer was: It is very terrible diseases, that can lead only to death Conclusion:

I.There is not a strait relationship between sexual maturity and sexual behavior of teenagers.

2. Motivation for sexual initiation is depending upon relationships with surrounding people, first of all in family, but in smaller degree from personal hormonal development. This sexual behavior of girls is result of their decision to go away from a parents supervision and hope to receive a help from more closer friends. In cases of attention to her from sexual partner girl are going in sexual relationships only with wish, without any knowledge s about possible complications of its. Family, particularly, attention to girl at the period of sexual maturation has the most important role for her. Unfortunately, there is a serious problem in our town too.

3 we as gynecologist should help these girls at early stages one thing that we can do is have activity clubs where teenagers can learn creative work,which keeps them active and busy.

4 Teenage girls are like flowers and need love and care to bloom.so lets put in the hand and save the world.

Syed Arsalan Shahin, Arsalan Farooq Bhat, Nousheen Hamid Banday, Ishfaq Ahmad Ganay 146 group of GMF, Bakhtinova R., 145 group of GMF COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CRIMINAL RIGHT OF REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN & REPUBLIC OF INDIA BY THE QUESTIONS OF THE CRIMES AGAINST LIFE & HEALH Course of Forensic Medicine with Bases of the Right Milyuishina Ya.A., c.m.s.

The actuality of the work: Historical experience demonstrates that criminality always accompanies to the human society. In spite of social progress the number of grave crimes doesnt decrease. In modern community the supplying & protection of the rights & freedoms of the individual is one of the most important priority, and especially the human rights on life & health. Special role in protection of these rights belongs to the Criminal Right. We decided to consider this problem on example of analysis of systems of the Criminal Right of Republic of Kazakhstan and Republic of India by the questions of the crimes against life & health. In the legislation of the India the question about amenability for the crimes against life & health is decided indefinitely. The Penal Code of 1860 year (with amendments) is used in India, but Criminal Code of Republic of Kazakhstan was admitted in 1997.

The aim of the work: To study and compare the Criminal Right of Republic of Kazakhstan and India by questions of the crimes against life & health, to investigate the amenability for these crimes by the criminal legislations of Republic of Kazakhstan and India.

Materials and methods: Analysis of the systems of the Criminal Right was carried out on the basis of comparison of Criminal Code of RK and Penal Code of India. We applied following methods of studying: inter-systematic comparison & historical comparison.





Results and discussion: Human life is most important, given by the nature, basic social value. Committing crimes, the object of which is life, related with irreversible consequences.

Constitution of India (Article 21) promulgates the guarantees of the life and personal freedom: No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law. According to the Constitution of Republic of Kazakhstan the individual, his rights & freedoms are highest values. The articles 15-18 of the Constitution of RK establish the right of every individual on life, guarding of the persons dignity, freedom and personal inviolability, inviolability of private life, personal or family secrets, protection of honor and dignity.

The question about beginning & cessation of the life is very important for understanding of the essence of the crimes against the life. In judicial meaning the life exits when the individual was born and didnt die. In science of the Criminal Right the beginning of the life is considered as a beginning of the physiological delivery. In Indian legislation these terms arent described properly. Thus there is some difference in understanding of border between notions of murder & abortion.

Another important difference between two systems is determination of causation of damage to health. In Kazakhstan legislation there are three degrees of damage to health:

serious, damage to health of medium gravity & light damage to health. In Indian legislation only hurt & grievous hurt are defined.

Conclusion: The differences in Criminal 1egislations of Republic of Kazakhstan & Republic of India by the questions of the crimes against life & health are concerned of understanding of notions of beginning of life & cessation of life, determination of degrees of damage to health. These differences cause different character of punishments for same crimes.

In Penal Code of India many special kinds of crimes and punishments are described because of social and cultural peculiarities of India in comparison with Kazakhstan.

Shakila Rechman 425 group, medical faculty NEW APPROACH IN THE TREATMENT OF CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE Chair: Internal medicine Supervisor of study: candidate of medical sciences Pivina L.M.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the one of main causes of morbidity in the modern world and constitutes significant economical and social problem.

Mortality due to COPD ranks forth in the all causes Worldwide or 4 % in the mortality structure. Frequent exacerbations in the patient suffered from COPD leads to quick disease progression, decreasing of life quality and significant expenses for treatment. The group of medicines and interventions with evidence based effects in relation to decreasing of exacerbations includes physical rehabilitation, inhalation corticosteroids, anticholiergetics, combined medicines (inhalation corticosteroids plus long term acting 2 agonists). N acetylcystein having antioxidant and mucolitic properties also could prevent development of exacerbations in the patients with COPD. Ability of that medicine to prevent the cell structures from free radicals was discovered recently. It allowed us significantly expand their indications.

The aim of our work is investigation of effectiveness and safety of mucolitic N acetylcystein in the complex treatment of the patients suffering from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

For the period from 2008 to 2009 in the Pulmonology Department of Hospital for emergency aid, Semey, plan of COPD management included N-acetylcystein produced by Ratiopharm Company in the dose 200 mg three times per day. The study group included patients in the age 35-65 suffered from COPD. 78 % of the patients were the males, 85% from them were hard smokers with length of smoking 213.4 years. After discharge from hospital the treatment has been continued for the period three months. The patients were followed up in ambulatory conditions for 12 months. The control group included 32 patients with COPD, it was adequate with study group at age and sex. The management plan for that group of patients included Bromgexin as mucolitic medicine in the dose 16 mg 2-3 times per day.

The results of our study show that including of N-acetylcystein to generally accepted management COPD plane leads to decreasing of exacerbations rate in average for 43.3 %, whereas in the control group that rate amounts 35.4 % (0,01). The average rates for appealing for emergency aid assistance in the study group was 12.41.4 cases per year, in the control group 24.32.8 cases (0,01). The rate of breathlessness frequent for the 24 hours in the main group also has significant difference in comparison with control group (2.30. and 4.20.3 accordingly).

We have analyzed dynamic of qualitative rates for bronchoobstructive syndrome in the patients of groups under study. We have found decreasing of viscosity of mucous in the patients treated with N-acetylcystein in 87.2 % of cases, improving of hawk up for the sputum in the overwhelming majority of examined patients (92.3 %), which was due to changes of sputum quality.

84.6 % of patients included to the main group under study have noted decreasing of severity of cough and breathlessness. We have registered the reliable differences between the main and control groups concerning the rate of repeated hospitalizations for the period months 12.7 % in the main group and 20.6 % in the control group.

Results of our investigation show the high effectiveness and safety for long-term treatment with N-acetylcystein the patients suffered from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. It allows us to recommend including this medicine to general accepted COPD management plans.

Sultanova Z. Z., group 607 subordinator surgeon, medical faculty.

IMPROVEMENT OF ESOPHAGOGASTROANASTOMOSIS IN THE GASTROSURGERY Department of surgery 1.

Elchibaev B.M., assistant of surgery department.

The problem of esophagogastroanastomosis formation as before situated in the limelight of surgeons. It is explained by technical difficulty of undertake intervention, appearance of serious complications of early postoperative period inadequacy of esophagogastroanastomosis sutures, and also appearance of reflux esophagitis.

The aim of the research: to improve direct and distant results of stomach proximal resection by means of improvement of esophagogastroanastomosis way formation.

Materials: For carry out of this work was selected 20 patients: 9 with cancer of stomach, 7 with giant ulcer of stomach, 2 with poliposis of stomach and 2 with adenoma of stomach. For this patients was done proximal resection of stomach with formation of esophagogastroanastomosis by improvement method, in patient with malignant process also with lymphodissection,. Age of patient from 22 till 77 years.

Methods: 1.Endoscopic;

2.Rhoentgenologic;

3.Esophagogastroscopic;

4.Morphological examination.

Results: After proximal stomach resection which was carry out by our modification the aim of which is formation of one-layer esophagogastroanastomosis on very short (0,5- cm) piece of abdominal part of esophagus by thread VICRYL 3 and formation of anti reflux mechanism by help of partial invagination of anastomosis zone in the lumen of stomach the inadequacy of esophagus sutures was not observed. During examination of patients in early (1-2 months) and distant(from 1 to 5 years) times after operation the clinical signs of anastomosis stricture was not found. In early after operational period was found such complications as pneumonia in 1 (6,7 %) patient. During endoscopic examination in 1 (6,7 %) patient visually the signs of mild degree reflux esophagitis was reviled.

Conclusions: 1. Clinical observation show that a base of prophylaxis of esophagogastroanastomosis sutures inadequacy is providing of maximal blood supply preservation in the zone of anastomosis by help of connection formation on short (0,5-1 cm) piece of abdominal part of esophagus with use of rare one-layer knotty sutures.

2. Haul up and suturing of anterior wall of stomach to diaphragm along the esophagus formed a valvular mechanism in the esophagogastroanastomosis by help of partial invagination of anastomose line wich is impede the reflux of stomach contents to the esophagus and development of reflux esophagitis.

3. The improved anastomosis have technical advantage which is make easier its carry out.

Zainieva R.R., 101 stom HEALTHY TEETH IS THE HEALTHY ORGANISM The chair of Russian and foreign languages Sadykbekova D.K., m.p.s.

The aim of my scientific work is demonstrating for people importance of their health.

If a human takes care of his health, he will live longer. I choose this theme because the health of tooth connects with general condition of a human organism.

The 1-st part of my scientific work is the structure of the teeth. Tooth consists of a crown, a neck and one or more roots. The crown is the part visible in the mouth and the root is the part hidden inside the jaw. Every tooth is composed of enamel, dentine, cementum and pulp. Enamel is the outer covering of the crown and is the hardest substance in the body.

Cementum is the outer covering of the root and is similar in structure to bone. Cementum meets enamel at the neck of the tooth. Dentine occupies the interior of the crown and root, and very sensitive to pain. Pulp is purely soft tissue.

The second part is tooth disease. The most widespread disease is caries. Dental caries is an infectious disease which damages the structures of teeth. Every second person has this trouble. Unfortunately, people visit a doctor at the last moment, when extraction of a tooth is the last alternative in its treatment.

The third part is tooth care. Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping the mouth clean and is a means of preventing dental caries, gingivitis, periodontal disease, bad breath, and other dental disorders.

The fourth part is tooth implantation. There is a number of new technologies to replace missing teeth. One of them is tooth implantation.

Thanks to new technologies it is possible to restore the teeth without detriment to the health.

Zhumagulova G. B, 702 gr., medical faculty AGE AND SEX FEATURES OF SMOKING PREVALENCE IN URBAN POPULATION Department of internal diseases The supervisor: assistant. Khaibullina A.I.

Background research. Smoking is the major risk factor of cardiovascular diseases, including cerebrovascular pathology, a cancer of lungs and many other diseases, contributes to early disability and premature mortality among the population. The high toxicity of tobacco smoke also causes harm to those who do not smoke (Peto R., Lopez A.D., Boreham J. et al., 1992;

gnv R.G., 1998).

The purpose - to study the prevalence of a tobacco smoking among adults in Semey state.

Materials and research methods. The represents epidemiological studies of simultaneous sampling by using a standard questionary.

1,490 respondents were interviewed living in the Semey state. Among them: 606 men and 884 women from 20 years and older, there is formation of 6 age cohorts. According to the criteria used in the American system BRFSS (2000), smokers were identified as persons who have smoked for a life more then cigarettes and those who smoked at the moment of research every day or sometimes. This group was divided into 2 subgroups: those who smoke every day and those who smoke sometimes. Into the group of exsmokers were included respondents who smoked in their life more than 100 cigarettes, but non-smoking completely at the time research. Persons who have not smoked for the life of 100 cigarettes have been identified as persons who never smoked.

Results. Prevalence of smoking among men in 5 times higher than similar indicator relating to women, accounting respectively 43,6 and 7,9% (p 0,01). Constantly smoking persons and sometimes smoking persons have been related to the specified group. Among representatives of man's subpopulation of 40,8% - smokes regularly, 2,8 % - smokes sometimes, 56,4% - do not smoke. The specified indicators among women were respectively 6,4 %, 1,5 % and 92,1 %. The highest indicators of smoking among men are noted in groups of 30-39 and 40-49 years of age (55,4 and 57,1% accordingly). It is necessary to note significant prevalence of smoking among men in group of 20-29 years (44,4%). From the age group of 50-59 years, there is reduction of number of smokers with a minimum in group of years and older (24,1%). Among women the maximum indicators are registered in group of 20-29 years (16,8%) and 30-39 years (13,0%) with the subsequent decrease in each age cohort and absence of smoking persons in the older age group. To the question: "Have you ever smoked in the past?" affirmative answer was given by 29,4% of men and 5,6% of women.

Persons who smoked sometimes in the past and persons constantly smoked in the past have been included to them. In the structure of the answers, explaining smoking cessation, it was found that women are more likely pay attention to the advices of relatives, while the men stops smoking only due to the disease. So 17,9 and 8,3% (respectively men and women) persons - stop to smoke on the advice of close people, 7,1 and 13,5% - stop smoking due to the disease. Most respondents made an independent decision to stop smoking (72,4 and 69,6% respectively for men and women). It should be noted that the advice of health workers was taken into account only by 5,8% and 5,4% respectively among men and women.

Conclusions. High rates of smoking among men (43,6%) and women 20-39 years (14,9%) requires a more effective system directed on creation among population of an motivation of cessation of smoking - the leading risk factor of morbidity and mortality.

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: , Abisheba G.N., Kozhahmetova A.O.

ONCOGENESIS. MODERN UNDERSTANDING ABOUT ONCOGENES.

THE ROLE OF ONCOGENES IN TUMOUR PROCESES Barakova D.K.

AIDS Batasheva A.

SIGHTSEEING OF LONDON Bekturganova P.K.

FREQUENCY OF REPEATED PNEUMONIA ON FINDING OF HOSPITAL Hozaeva A.

AMERICAN AND ENGLISH SPELLING DIFFERENCES Ibrayeva A., Kanzhygalin D., Zhanatayeva D.

EXPERIMENTAL MODEL OF STEROID-INDUCD DIABETES MELLITUS Kanzhigalin D., Berezutskiy V., Abiltaev A.

FUNCTIONAL STATE OF THE LUNGS IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE POSTOPERATIVE RESPIRATORY FAILURE Khasanova U.

CANCER. CELLULAR ASPECTS. ETIOLOGY AND TREATMENT OF CANCER Kuanova B.K., Nurgazina A., Shakirov N.E.

ANALYSIS OF COMPLICATION OF STOMA FORMATION METHODS Musina A.

ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDING VASODILATION IN PATIENTS WITH SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERHYTHEMATOSUS Musina.A.

CLINICAL EFFECTIVITY OF TREATMENT BY EQUATOR AT PATIENTS WITH SYMPTOMATIC HYPERTENZION Nurtazina Aiman Zhanatovna ANESTHESIA AWARENESS Omargaliyev Yer., Yesbolatov Yer., Arslan Farooq, Iskakbayeva M.

MORPHOLOGY OF NUTRITION FORAMENS OF BONES OF THE DISTAL END OF THE LOWER LIMB Rakisheva .

USING OF PLANT DRUG KANEPHRON IN PATIENTS WITH GLOMERULOPATHIES Sadykova M.M, Bashirov N.K.

CHOLECYSTECTOMY FROM MINIMAL APPROACH AT DESTRUCTIVE FROMS OF ACUTE CHOLECYSTITIS Samreen Zafar, Lubna Saleem, Muhammad Naeem Tahir DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY AMONG THE FOREIGNER STUDENTS Samreen Zafar., Mardamshina M, Ibraeva A., Zampeisova A.

TEENAGERS AND SEXUAL RELASHIONSHIPS Syed Arsalan Shahin, Arsalan Farooq Bhat, Nousheen Hamid Banday, Ishfaq Ahmad Ganay, Bakhtinova R.

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CRIMINAL RIGHT OF REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN & REPUBLIC OF INDIA BY THE QUESTIONS OF THE CRIMES AGAINST LIFE & HEALH Shakila Rechman NEW APPROACH IN THE TREATMENT OF CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE Sultanova Z. Z.

IMPROVEMENT OF ESOPHAGOGASTROANASTOMOSIS IN THE GASTROSURGERY Zainieva R.R.

HEALTHY TEETH IS THE HEALTHY ORGANISM Zhumagulova G.B.

AGE AND SEX FEATURES OF SMOKING PREVALENCE IN URBAN POPULATION

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